Introduction to supported employment.
Authors: Drake RE PMID: 33203504 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences)
Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences - November 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci Source Type: research

Quality not just quantity: how health system strengthening is essential for scale up of quality mental health care.
Authors: Hanlon C PMID: 33213599 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences)
Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences - November 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci Source Type: research

Examining the independent and joint effects of genomic and exposomic liabilities for schizophrenia across the psychosis spectrum.
Authors: Pries LK, Dal Ferro GA, van Os J, Delespaul P, Kenis G, Lin BD, Luykx JJ, Richards AL, Akdede B, Binbay T, Altınyazar V, Yalınçetin B, Gümüş-Akay G, Cihan B, Soygür H, Ulaş H, Şahin Cankurtaran E, Ulusoy Kaymak S, Mihaljevic MM, Andric Petrovic S, Mirjanic T, Bernardo M, Mezquida G, Amoretti S, Bobes J, Saiz PA, García-Portilla MP, Sanjuan J, Aguilar EJ, Santos JL, Jiménez-López E, Arrojo M, Carracedo A, López G, González-Peñas J, Parellada M, Maric NP, Atbaşoğlu C, Ucok A, Alptekin K, Can Saka M, Genetic Risk and Outcome of Psychosis (GROUP) i...
Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences - November 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci Source Type: research

Age patterns of suicide with different methods for US Whites: APC modelling analysis of the 1999-2017 national data.
CONCLUSIONS: This study is the first to quantify the age patterns of suicide by different methods for US Whites using period-cohort adjusted rates. Study findings provide valid evidence supporting precision interventions to reduce the extra suicide mortality among Whites by targeting specific age ranges with different suicide methods. PMID: 33183394 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences)
Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences - November 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci Source Type: research

Mental health problems and correlates among 746 217 college students during the coronavirus disease 2019 outbreak in China.
This study aimed to assess the mental health problems and associated factors among a large sample of college students during the COVID-19 outbreak in China. METHODS: This cross-sectional and nation-wide survey of college students was conducted in China from 3 to 10 February 2020. A self-administered questionnaire was used to assess psychosocial factors, COVID-19 epidemic related factors and mental health problems. Acute stress, depressive and anxiety symptoms were measured by the Chinese versions of the impact of event scale-6, Patient Health Questionnaire-9 and Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7, respectively. Univariate ...
Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences - November 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci Source Type: research

International growth of individual placement and support.
Authors: Bond GR, Lockett H, van Weeghel J PMID: 33185176 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences)
Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences - November 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci Source Type: research

The victim-bully cycle of sexual minority school adolescents in China: prevalence and the association of mood problems and coping strategies.
Authors: Wang Y, Yu H, Yang Y, Li R, Wilson A, Wang S, Drescher J, Chen R Abstract AIMS: Compared to their heterosexual peers, youth who identify as lesbian, gay or bisexual (LGB) tend to suffer higher rates of peer victimisation from bullying. However, studies of LGB adolescents' participation as bullies are scarce. We aimed to examine the possible association of sexual minority identity and the heightened risk of not only being bullied but bullying others as well. We also explored the effect of one's sexual identity on their involvement in bullying through the mediation of coping strategies and mood states. M...
Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences - November 11, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci Source Type: research

Employment is a critical mental health intervention.
Authors: Drake RE, Wallach MA Abstract employment is critically important in mental health care. Unemployment worsens mental health and gaining employment can improve mental health, even for people with the most serious mental illnesses. In this editorial, we argue for a new treatment paradigm in mental health that emphasises employment, because supported employment is an evidence-based intervention that can help the majority of people with mental health disability to succeed in integrated, competitive employment. Unlike most mental health treatments, employment engenders self-reliance and leads to other valued out...
Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences - November 7, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci Source Type: research

Improvement for most, but not all: changes in newspaper coverage of mental illness from 2008 to 2019 in England.
This study aims to assess the way that coverage of mental health topics and different mental illnesses has changed since 2008. METHOD: Articles covering mental health in 18 different newspapers were retrieved using keyword searches on two randomly chosen days of each month in 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2013, 2014, 2016 and 2019. A content analysis approach using a structured coding framework was used to extract information from the articles. Logistic regression models were used to estimate the change in odds of each hypothesised stigmatising or anti-stigmatising element occurring in 2019 compared to 2008 and 2016 with a W...
Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences - November 7, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci Source Type: research

Preserving equipoise and performing randomized trials for COVID-19 social distancing interventions.
Authors: Cristea IA, Naudet F, Ioannidis JPA PMID: 33109299 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences)
Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences - October 29, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci Source Type: research

Parity and the risk of incident dementia: a COSMIC study.
CONCLUSIONS: Grand multiparity is a significant risk factor for dementia in women. This may have particularly important implications for women in low and middle-income countries where the fertility rate and prevalence of grand multiparity are high. PMID: 33077022 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences)
Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences - October 22, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci Source Type: research

Impact of maternal mental health interventions on child-related outcomes in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings support the importance of MMH to improve child-related outcomes in LMICs, particularly exclusive breastfeeding. Given, the small number of trials and methodological limitations, more rigorous trials should be conducted. PMID: 33070789 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences)
Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences - October 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci Source Type: research

Longitudinal associations between adolescents' trajectory membership of depressive symptoms and suicidality in young adulthood: a 10-year cohort of Chinese Wenchuan earthquake survivors.
CONCLUSIONS: The findings highlight the importance of detecting disaster survivors with different trajectories of mental status and providing with them individualised and effective mental health services, to decrease their risk of suicidality in the future. PMID: 33070799 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences)
Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences - October 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci Source Type: research

A randomised test of the effect of medical v. lay idiom on assessment of perceived mental health condition in the USA.
CONCLUSION: Choice of idiom in epidemiological questionnaires can affect the apparent correlates of poor mental health and service use. Cultural change within populations over time may require changes in instrument wording to maintain consistency in epidemiological measurement of psychiatric conditions. PMID: 33028455 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences)
Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences - October 9, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci Source Type: research

Drawings from a man at a penitentiary centre in Mexico.
Authors: Gonzalez Barajas AK, Ho RTH PMID: 33019952 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences)
Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences - October 8, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci Source Type: research

Pubertal timing and self-harm: a prospective cohort analysis of males and females.
CONCLUSIONS: Earlier developing adolescents represent a group at increased risk of self-harm. This increased risk attenuates as adolescents transition into adulthood, particularly in males. Future research is needed to identify the modifiable mechanisms underlying the association between pubertal timing and self-harm risk in order to develop interventions to reduce self-harm in adolescence. PMID: 33021194 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences)
Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences - October 8, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci Source Type: research

Effectiveness of a housing support team intervention with a recovery-oriented approach on hospital and emergency department use by homeless people with severe mental illness: a randomised controlled trial.
CONCLUSION: An immediate access to independent housing and support from a mental health team resulted in decreased inpatient days, higher housing stability and cost savings in homeless persons with SCZ or BP disorders. PMID: 32996442 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences)
Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences - October 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci Source Type: research

Increase in prevalence of current mental disorders in the context of COVID-19: analysis of repeated nationwide cross-sectional surveys.
Authors: Winkler P, Formanek T, Mlada K, Kagstrom A, Mohrova Z, Mohr P, Csemy L PMID: 32988427 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences)
Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences - September 30, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci Source Type: research

Late-life depression in socially and culturally diverse settings.
Authors: Gureje O PMID: 32907681 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences)
Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences - September 12, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci Source Type: research

Richard Nie: creation out of darkness.
Authors: Maclagan D PMID: 32893762 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences)
Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences - September 9, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci Source Type: research

Default mode network activity in bipolar disorder.
Authors: Zovetti N, Rossetti MG, Perlini C, Maggioni E, Bontempi P, Bellani M, Brambilla P Abstract Since its discovery in 1997, the default mode network (DMN) and its components have been extensively studied in both healthy individuals and psychiatric patients. Several studies have investigated possible DMN alterations in specific mental conditions such as bipolar disorder (BD). In this review, we describe current evidence from resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging studies with the aim to understand possible changes in the functioning of the DMN in BD. Overall, several types of analyses including see...
Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences - September 9, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci Source Type: research

National levels of human development and number of mental hospital beds.
CONCLUSIONS: As countries reduce the number of hospital beds over time, higher levels of economic disparity are associated with a reduction in the strength of the association between national prosperity and investment in mental hospitals. As power becomes increasingly concentrated, perhaps those with the least are more easily forgotten. PMID: 32895087 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences)
Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences - September 9, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci Source Type: research

Core components of mental health stigma reduction interventions in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review.
CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests effective mental health stigma reduction interventions in LMICs have increased in quantity and quality over the past five years, and a wide variety of components have been utilised successfully - from creative methods to emphasis on recovery and strength of people with mental illness. Yet there is minimal mention of social contact, despite existing strong evidence for it. There is also a lack of robust research designs, a high number of short-term interventions and follow-up, nominal use of local expertise and the research is limited to a small number of LMICs. More research is needed to add...
Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences - September 6, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci Source Type: research

Seasonality of suicide: a multi-country multi-community observational study.
Authors: Yu J, Yang D, Kim Y, Hashizume M, Gasparrini A, Armstrong B, Honda Y, Tobias A, Sera F, Vicedo-Cabrera AM, Kim H, Íñiguez C, Lavigne E, Ragettli MS, Scovronick N, Acquaotta F, Chen B, Guo YL, de Sousa Zanotti Stagliori Coelho M, Saldiva P, Zanobetti A, Schwartz J, Bell ML, Diaz M, De la Cruz Valencia C, Holobâcă I, Fratianni S, Chung Y Abstract AIMS: We aimed to investigate the heterogeneity of seasonal suicide patterns among multiple geographically, demographically and socioeconomically diverse populations. METHODS: Weekly time-series data of suicide counts for 354 communities in ...
Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences - August 26, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci Source Type: research

Mental health impact on the unmet need for family planning and fertility rate in rural Ethiopia: a population-based cohort study.
CONCLUSIONS: CMD symptoms are associated with increased unmet need for family planning in this cohort of women with high fertility and low contraceptive use in rural Ethiopia. There is a lack of models of care promoting integration of mental and physical health in the family planning setting and further research is necessary to study the burden of preconception mental health conditions and how these can be best addressed. PMID: 32807254 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences)
Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences - August 20, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci Source Type: research

The cost of mental disorders: a systematic review.
CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study to provide a comprehensive overview of the cost of mental disorders worldwide. PMID: 32807256 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences)
Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences - August 20, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci Source Type: research

Excess mortality and shortened life expectancy in people with major mental illnesses in Taiwan.
CONCLUSIONS: Compared to general population, the differential in mortality rates for people with major mental illnesses persisted substantial. The differential in mortality for unnatural causes of death seemed decreasing over the years, but that due to natural causes remained relatively steady. Regardless of gender, people with schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and depression were shown to have shortened life expectancies compared to general population. PMID: 32792024 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences)
Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences - August 16, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci Source Type: research

Optimism and risk of incident hypertension: a target for primordial prevention.
Authors: Kubzansky LD, Boehm JK, Allen AR, Vie LL, Ho TE, Trudel-Fitzgerald C, Koga HK, Scheier LM, Seligman MEP Abstract AIMS: Optimism is associated with reduced cardiovascular disease risk; however, few prospective studies have considered optimism in relation to hypertension risk specifically. We investigated whether optimism was associated with a lower risk of developing hypertension in U.S. service members, who are more likely to develop high blood pressure early in life. We also evaluated race/ethnicity, sex and age as potential effect modifiers of these associations. METHODS: Participants were 103 486 hy...
Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences - August 16, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci Source Type: research

Undiagnosed depression, persistent depressive symptoms and seeking mental health care: analysis of immigrant and non-immigrant participants of the Canadian Longitudinal Study of Aging.
CONCLUSIONS: Female immigrants may particularly benefit from depression screening. Seeking mental health care in the context of DS should be encouraged. PMID: 32792036 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences)
Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences - August 16, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci Source Type: research

Effects of emotion regulation and perpetrator-victim roles in intimate partner violence on mental health problems among men who have sex with men in China.
CONCLUSIONS: This study revealed that different perpetrator-victim roles in different IPV situations should be considered comprehensively in research, prevention and intervention. ER is not enough to buffer the effects of IPV on the mental health of MSM victims. PMID: 32792037 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences)
Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences - August 16, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci Source Type: research

Seeking sanctuary: rethinking asylum and mental health.
Authors: Jannesari S, Hatch S, Oram S Abstract Forced migrants are at an increased risk of mental disorder compared to host country populations. To effectively address this, programmatic and policy responses need to be underpinned by rigorous evidence. Drawing on our experience conducting a systematic review of post-migration risk factors for mental disorder among asylum seekers and our appraisal of related systematic reviews, this paper discusses four challenges facing the field: (1)The reliance on Western conceptions of mental health.(2)The investigation, to date, of a relatively narrow range of potential risk fa...
Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences - August 14, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci Source Type: research

Children's behavioural problems and its associations with socioeconomic position and early parenting environment: findings from the UK Millennium Cohort Study.
CONCLUSIONS: The results of the study emphasise the importance of a positive early parenting environment for improving and reducing the socioeconomic gap in children's behavioural problems and encourages policies to promote better parenting circumstances. PMID: 32787989 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences)
Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences - August 14, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci Source Type: research

Trends of the incidence of drug use disorders from 1990 to 2017: an analysis based on the Global Burden of Disease 2017 data.
Authors: Pan Z, Zhang J, Cheng H, Bu Q, Li N, Deng Y, Zhou L, Dai Z, Lyu J Abstract AIM: Drug use disorders are an important issue worldwide. Systematic attempts to estimate the global incidence of drug use disorders are rare. We aimed to determine the incidence of drug use disorders and their trends. METHODS: We obtained the annual incident cases and age-standardised incidence rate (ASR) of drug use disorders from 1990 to 2017 using the Global Health Data Exchange query tool. The estimated annual percentage changes of the ASR were used to quantify and evaluate the trends in the incidence rate. Gaussian process...
Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences - August 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci Source Type: research

Understanding the characteristics and mechanisms underlying suicide clusters in Australian youth: a comparison of cluster detection methods.
CONCLUSION: Each method identified markedly different suicide clusters. Evidence of social links between cluster members typically involved clusters detected using the descriptive network analysis. However, these data were limited to the availability information collected as part of the police and coroner investigation. Communities tasked with detecting and responding to suicide clusters may benefit from using the spatial and temporal parameters revealed in descriptive studies to inform analyses of suicide clusters using inferential methods. PMID: 32758330 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences)
Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences - August 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci Source Type: research

Childhood trauma and suicidal ideation among Chinese university students: the mediating effect of Internet addiction and school bullying victimisation.
This study examined the direct effect of childhood trauma on suicidal ideation on the one hand and whether school bullying victimisation and Internet addiction mediate the association between childhood trauma and suicidal ideation on the other hand. METHODS: This school-based mental health survey was carried out in Qinghai Province in Northwest China in December 2019. We employed standardised questionnaires to collect sociodemographic and target mental health outcomes. Hierarchical multiple logistic regression and structural equation modelling were performed for the data analyses. RESULTS: This study included 5864 ...
Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences - August 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci Source Type: research

Comorbidity within mental disorders: a comprehensive analysis based on 145 990 survey respondents from 27 countries.
CONCLUSIONS: Survey data from a range of sites confirms that comorbidity between mental disorders is common. Understanding the risks of temporally secondary disorders may help design practical programs for primary prevention of secondary disorders. PMID: 32782057 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences)
Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences - August 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci Source Type: research

Widowhood and mortality: a Danish nationwide register-based cohort study.
CONCLUSIONS: Widowhood was associated with increased mortality in older age for both men and women until age ⩾95 and ⩾90 years, respectively. Increased mortality was observed for almost all causes of death. PMID: 32744212 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences)
Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences - August 4, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci Source Type: research

Promotion, prevention and treatment interventions for mental health in low- and middle-income countries through a task-shifting approach.
Authors: Purgato M, Uphoff E, Singh R, Thapa Pachya A, Abdulmalik J, van Ginneken N Abstract Recently, mental health and ill health have been reframed to be seen as a continuum from health to ill health, through the stages of being asymptomatic 'at risk', to experiencing 'mental distress', 'sub-syndromal symptoms' and finally 'mental disorders'. This new conceptualisation emphasised the importance of mental health promotion and prevention interventions, aimed at reducing the likelihood of future disorders with the general population or with people who are identified as being at risk of a disorder. This concept gene...
Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences - August 4, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci Source Type: research

The course of depression in late life: a longitudinal perspective.
Authors: de la Torre-Luque A, Ayuso-Mateos JL Abstract Depression in old age deserves special attention in view of the fact of progressive population ageing, because of the way in which depression and risk factors interact in this period of life and the particularly negative impact of late-life depression on health and quality of life. This editorial aims to provide some insight into longitudinal aspects of depression in old age. Depression may follow varying trajectories (e.g. episode emergence, recurrence) across the lifespan. Late-life depression is not an exception. A symptom-based approach is presented as an a...
Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences - July 31, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci Source Type: research

Minimum clinically important differences for the Functioning Assessment Short Test and a battery of neuropsychological tests in bipolar disorders: results from the FACE-BD cohort.
Authors: Roux P, Brunet-Gouet E, Ehrminger M, Aouizerate B, Aubin V, Azorin JM, Bellivier F, Bougerol T, Courtet P, Dubertret C, Kahn JP, Leboyer M, Olié E, FondaMental Advanced Centers of Expertise in Bipolar Disorders (FACE-BD) Collaborators, Etain B, Passerieux C Abstract AIMS: Establishing the minimum clinically important difference (MCID) in functioning and cognition is essential to the interpretation of the research and clinical work conducted in bipolar disorders (BD). The present study aimed to estimate the MCID for the Functioning Assessment Short Test (FAST) and a battery of neuropsychological test...
Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences - July 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci Source Type: research

Late-life depression in sub-Saharan Africa: lessons from the Ibadan Study of Ageing.
This article appraises ISA findings in relation to late-life depression. It concludes that healthcare policies in SSA need to deliberately prioritise the treatment of depression and other mental health problems in late-life in order to stem the neglect of older people's mental health in the region. PMID: 32684193 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences)
Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences - July 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci Source Type: research

Methylphenidate and the risk of burn injury among children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.
We examined the cumulative effect of MPH on burn injury risk using Cox proportional hazards models. We conducted a sensitivity analysis for immortal time bias using a time-dependent Cox model and within-patient comparisons using the self-controlled case series model. RESULTS: Children with ADHD taking MPH had a reduced risk of burn injury, with a cumulative duration of treatment dose-related effect, compared with those not taking MPH. Compared with children with ADHD not taking MPH, the adjusted hazard ratio for burn injury was 0.70 in children taking MPH for
Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences - July 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci Source Type: research

Uptake of referrals for women with positive perinatal depression screening results and the effectiveness of interventions to increase uptake: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: Almost three-fifths of women with positive screening results do not take up the referral offers after perinatal depression screening. Referral to on-site assessment and treatment may improve uptake of referral, but the quality of evidence on interventions to increase uptake was weak. More robust studies are needed, especially in low-and middle-income countries. PMID: 32677601 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences)
Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences - July 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci Source Type: research

Depression and anxiety in early adulthood: consequences for finding a partner, and relationship support and conflict.
CONCLUSIONS: Depression and anxiety in early adulthood is associated with poorer partner relationship quality in the future. This study adds to evidence showing that mental health problems have substantial personal and inter-personal costs. The findings support the need to invest in prevention and early intervention. PMID: 32665045 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences)
Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences - July 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci Source Type: research

Bidirectional association between blood pressure and depressive symptoms in young and middle-age adults: A cohort study.
Authors: Jeon SW, Chang Y, Lim SW, Cho J, Kim HN, Kim KB, Kim J, Kim YH, Shin DW, Oh KS, Shin YC, Ryu S Abstract AIMS: To evaluate the bidirectional relationship between blood pressure (BP) and depressive symptoms using a large prospective cohort study. METHODS: Prospective cohort study was performed in 276 244 adults who participated in a regular health check-up and were followed annually or biennially for up to 5.9 years. BP levels were categorised according to the 2017 American College of Cardiology and American Heart Association hypertension guidelines. Depressive symptoms were assessed using Centre for Epi...
Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences - July 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci Source Type: research

Does physical ill-health increase the risk of suicide? A census-based follow-up study of over 1 million people.
CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that it is the effect that physical illness has on a person's life, in terms of disruption to daily activity, rather than the number of conditions that predicts suicide risk, especially at younger ages. Improved awareness and better management of mental wellbeing of individuals with physical health conditions may help to reduce suicides, especially in younger people. PMID: 32635966 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences)
Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences - July 10, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci Source Type: research

Intermittent explosive disorder subtypes in the general population: association with comorbidity, impairment and suicidality.
CONCLUSIONS: The most common IED behavioural subtypes in these general population samples are associated with high rates of externalising disorders. This contrasts with the findings from clinical studies of IED, which observe a preponderance of internalising disorder comorbidity. This disparity in findings across population and clinical studies, together with the marked heterogeneity that characterises the diagnostic entity of IED, suggests that it is a disorder that requires much greater research. PMID: 32638683 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences)
Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences - July 10, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci Source Type: research

In conversation with Hannah Rieger.
Authors: Tansella C PMID: 32631467 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences)
Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences - July 8, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci Source Type: research

Prevalence of depression, anxiety and suicide among men who have sex with men in China: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: The mental health of Chinese MSM is poor compared with the general population. Efforts are warranted to develop interventions to prevent and alleviate mental health problems among this vulnerable population. PMID: 32536353 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences)
Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences - June 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci Source Type: research

Health systems strengthening to optimise scale-up in global mental health in low- and middle-income countries: lessons from the frontlines. A re-appraisal.
Authors: Petersen I, van Rensburg A, Gigaba SG, Luvuno ZBP, Fairall LR Abstract Against the backdrop of mounting calls for the global scaling-up of mental health services - including quality care and prevention services - there is very little guidance internationally on strategies for scaling-up such services. Drawing on lessons from scale-up attempts in six low- and middle-income countries, and using exemplars from the front-lines in South Africa, we illustrate how health reforms towards people-centred chronic disease management provide enabling policy window opportunities for embedding mental health scale-up stra...
Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences - June 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci Source Type: research