Current status on treatment options for feline infectious peritonitis and SARS-CoV-2 positive cats.
Authors: Izes AM, Yu J, Norris JM, Govendir M Abstract Feline infectious peritonitis (FIP) is a viral-induced, immune-mediated disease of cats caused by virulent biotypes of feline coronaviruses (FCoV), known as the feline infectious peritonitis virus (FIPV). Historically, three major pharmacological approaches have been employed to treat FIP: (1) immunomodulators to stimulate the patient's immune system non-specifically to reduce the clinical effects of the virus through a robust immune response, (2) immunosuppressive agents to dampen clinical signs temporarily, and (3) re-purposed human antiviral drugs, all of wh...
Source: Veterinary Quarterly - November 4, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Tags: Vet Q Source Type: research

Effects of gender, age, and season on the variation of blood analytes in a clinically healthy ex-situ population of bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops spp.).
Conclusions: These results demonstrate the importance of considering the influences of gender, age, and season on blood data, provide a baseline for accurate interpretation of clinicopathological analytes of delphinids in managed care, and will be useful for investigations into health, disease, and stressors of wild delphinids. PMID: 33138727 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Veterinary Quarterly)
Source: Veterinary Quarterly - November 4, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Tags: Vet Q Source Type: research

Two variants of uterine leiomyoma in Malaysia's last Sumatran Rhinoceros (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis).
This report provides a clinical presentation, and histologic descriptions of the two variants of leiomyomas that have not been reported in veterinary medicine. PMID: 33045934 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Veterinary Quarterly)
Source: Veterinary Quarterly - October 15, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Tags: Vet Q Source Type: research

An updated review on Bluetongue virus: Epidemiology, pathobiology, and advances in diagnosis and control with special reference to India.
Authors: Saminathan M, Singh KP, Khorajiya JH, Dinesh M, Vineetha S, Maity M, Rahman F, Misri J, Malik YS, Gupta VK, Singh RK, Dhama K Abstract Bluetongue (BT) is an economically important, non-contagious viral disease of domestic and wild ruminants. Bluetongue is caused by bluetongue virus (BTV) and it belongs to the genus Orbivirus and family Reoviridae. BTV is transmitted by Culicoides midges and causes clinical disease in sheep, white-tailed deer, pronghorn antelope, bighorn sheep, and subclinical manifestation in cattle, goats and camelids. Bluetongue is a World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) listed mult...
Source: Veterinary Quarterly - October 3, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Tags: Vet Q Source Type: research

Highly conserved binding region of ACE2 as a receptor for SARS-CoV-2 between humans and mammals.
Conclusion: Where the information revealed from our examinations can support precision vaccine design and the discovery of antiviral therapeutics, which will accelerate the development of medical countermeasures, the World Health Organization recently reported on the possible risks of reciprocal infections regarding SARS-CoV-2 transmission from animals to humans. PMID: 32921279 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Veterinary Quarterly)
Source: Veterinary Quarterly - September 16, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Tags: Vet Q Source Type: research

Bluetongue in India: A systematic review and meta-analysis with emphasis on its diagnosis and seroprevalence.
Authors: Rupner RN, VinodhKumar OR, Karthikeyan R, Sinha DK, Singh KP, Dubal ZB, S B, Shikha Tamta, Gupta VK, Singh BR, Malik YS, Dhama K Abstract Bluetongue (BT) is an infectious viral disease which affects a wide range of ruminants and was first reported in India in 1964. In view of the absence of comprehensive information on the BT status in India, this study presents the seroprevalence data on BT in farm animals of India based-on a systematic review and meta-analysis. A systematic review was conducted to identify the published articles (2001-2018) reporting the seroprevalence of BT in sheep, goats, cattle, buff...
Source: Veterinary Quarterly - September 6, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Tags: Vet Q Source Type: research

Acute idiopathic polyradiculoneuritis with secondary arterial hypertension in a 5-year-old male Siberian Husky.
In this report, we describe a 5-year-old, 25-kg, male, intact, Siberian Husky dog with ACIP with secondary induced arterial hypertension {systolic blood pressure [mean (m) ± standard deviation (sd)], 214 ± 19 mmHg; mean blood pressure (m ± sd), 164 ± 6.36 mmHg; and diastolic blood pressure (m ± sd), 137 ± 0.7 mmHg} and sinus tachycardia. Heart rate variability analysis indicated decreased vagal activity (low root-mean-square values of successive RR interval differences and percentages of the ...
Source: Veterinary Quarterly - September 6, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Tags: Vet Q Source Type: research

Subcutaneous nodules and dermatitis associated with non-immitis non-repens dirofilariosis morphologically consistent with Dirofilaria striata in a 2-year-old male domestic cat in Florida, USA.
Authors: Wyatt D, Santoro D, Deabold K, Gruntmeir J, Childress A, Craft WF, Walden HDS, Wellehan JFX Abstract A 2-year-old male neutered domestic shorthair cat from Florida, USA, presented with a one-month history of multiple subcutaneous nodules affecting the entire body. Dermatohistopathology revealed nodular to diffuse, eosinophilic, histiocytic, and mastocytic dermatitis and panniculitis with collagen flame figures, and many nematode larvae and adults within nodules and migration tracts. The worms were morphologically consistent with Dirofilaria striata. The serum antibody test was positive for D. immitis with ...
Source: Veterinary Quarterly - August 27, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Tags: Vet Q Source Type: research

Role of rotifer (Brachionus plicatilis) and Artemia (Artemia salina) nauplii in the horizontal transmission of a natural Nervous necrosis virus (NNV) reassortant strain to Senegalese sole (Solea senegalensis) larvae.
Conclusions: Our results demonstrate that both invertebrates can bioaccumulate NNV and that Senegalese sole larvae fed on infected Artemia might develop viral encephalopathy and retinopathy and high mortality. PMID: 32813983 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Veterinary Quarterly)
Source: Veterinary Quarterly - August 20, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Tags: Vet Q Source Type: research

Ultrasound-guided percutaneous antegrade pyelography for suspected ureteral obstruction in 6 pet guinea pigs (Cavia porcellus).
Authors: d'Ovidio D, Pirrone F, Donnelly TM, Greco A, Meomartino L Abstract Objectives: to describe the feasibility and safety of ultrasound-guided percutaneous antegrade pyelography in pet guinea pigs (Cavia porcellus) with suspected ureteral obstruction.Materials and Methods: six adult pet guinea pigs (4 females and 2 males, all intact) were evaluated for suspected ureteral obstruction. The mean weight of the guinea pigs was 0.8 ± 0.25 kg (range: 0.4-1.1 kg), and mean age was 4.07 ± 1.63 years (range 2-7 years). All animals were free from comorbid diseases, ...
Source: Veterinary Quarterly - July 31, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Tags: Vet Q Source Type: research

Some pathological observations on the naturally infected dromedary camels (Camelus dromedarius) with the Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) in Saudi Arabia 2018-2019.
Conclusion: To our knowledge, this is the first study describing the pathological changes of MERS-CoV infection in dromedary camels under natural conditions. In contrast to experimental infection in case of spontaneous infection interstitial pneumonea is evident at least in some affected animals. PMID: 32543343 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Veterinary Quarterly)
Source: Veterinary Quarterly - June 17, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Tags: Vet Q Source Type: research

Immunization with porcine epidemic diarrhea virus harbouring Fc domain of IgG enhances antibody production in pigs.
CONCLUSION: Our results indicate that Fc molecule facilitate immune responses and PEDV harbouring Fc molecule could be a possible vaccine candidate. However, a challenge experiment would be needed to investigate the protective efficacy of PEDV harbouring Fc. PMID: 32448096 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Veterinary Quarterly)
Source: Veterinary Quarterly - May 27, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Tags: Vet Q Source Type: research

COVID-19: animals, veterinary and zoonotic links.
Authors: Tiwari R, Dhama K, Sharun K, Iqbal Yatoo M, Malik YS, Singh R, Michalak I, Sah R, Bonilla-Aldana DK, Rodriguez-Morales AJ Abstract Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), has spread over 210 countries and territories beyond China shortly. On February 29, 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) denoted it in a high-risk category, and on March 11, 2020, this virus was designated pandemic, after its declaration being a Public Health International Emergency on January 30, 2020. World over high efforts are being made to counter and contain this virus. The COVID-19 outbreak once again proves the potential of the ...
Source: Veterinary Quarterly - May 14, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Tags: Vet Q Source Type: research

Update on canine filaggrin: a review.
Authors: Combarros D, Cadiergues MC, Simon M Abstract Human filaggrin (FLG) plays a key role in epidermal barrier function, and loss-of-function mutations of gene are primarily responsible for the development of human atopic dermatitis (AD). FLG expression is also reduced in the epidermis of atopic patients, due to the transcriptional effect of Th2 type cytokines. Canine atopic dermatitis (CAD) is a prevalent skin disease that shares many clinical and pathogenic features with its human homologue. The aim of this review is discuss current knowledge on canine filaggrin (Flg) in both healthy and atopic dogs, as compar...
Source: Veterinary Quarterly - April 22, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Tags: Vet Q Source Type: research

Infectious Laryngotracheitis: Etiology, Epidemiology, Pathobiology, and Advances in Diagnosis and Control - A Comprehensive Review.
Authors: Gowthaman V, Kumar S, Koul M, Dave U, Murthy TRGK, M P, Tiwari R, Karthik K, Dhama K, Michalak I, Joshi SK Abstract Infectious laryngotracheitis (ILT) is a highly contagious upper respiratory tract disease of chicken caused by a Gallid herpesvirus 1 (GaHV-1) belonging to the genus Iltovirus, and subfamily Alphaherpesvirinae within Herpesviridae family. The disease is characterized by conjunctivitis, sinusitis, oculo-nasal discharge, respiratory distress, bloody mucus, swollen orbital sinuses, high morbidity, considerable mortality and decreased egg production. It is well established in highly dense poultry...
Source: Veterinary Quarterly - April 22, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Tags: Vet Q Source Type: research

Kidney function and glucose metabolism in overweight and obese cats.
Conclusion: The present study does not suggest an effect of obesity on renal function in domestic cats.Clinical relevance: Fructosamine might be of value for the diagnosis of prediabetes mellitus in cats. PMID: 32315583 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Veterinary Quarterly)
Source: Veterinary Quarterly - April 22, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Tags: Vet Q Source Type: research

Virulence factors in coagulase-positive staphylococci of veterinary interest other than Staphylococcus aureus.
Authors: González-Martín M, Alberto Corbera J, Suárez-Bonnet A, Tejedor-Junco MT Abstract Coagulase-positive Staphylococci (CoPS) can exist as commensals in humans, companion and food-producing animals, but can cause severe or even lethal diseases. Exchange of these bacteria between humans and animals has been described. Special attention has been focused on Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus, but other CoPS can also represent an important threat. In addition to significant antimicrobial resistance, these bacteria may carry a plethora of virulence factors - molecules that allow bacteri...
Source: Veterinary Quarterly - April 1, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Tags: Vet Q Source Type: research

The challenge of obtaining reference values for use in captive animals like elephants.
Authors: Schaftenaar W PMID: 32223720 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Veterinary Quarterly)
Source: Veterinary Quarterly - April 1, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Tags: Vet Q Source Type: research

Outcome of non-surgical dietary treatment with or without lactulose in dogs with congenital portosystemic shunts.
Authors: Favier RP, Graaf E, Corbee RJ, Kummeling A Abstract Background: Congenital portosystemic shunts (CPSS) are vascular anomalies, allowing portal blood to bypass the hepatic parenchyma, thereby accumulating toxic substances such as ammonia in the systemic circulation resulting in hepatic encephalopathy.Aim: To evaluate the outcome of non-surgically treated dogs with a CPSS.Methods: Case records of 78 dogs with a single congenital CPSS confirmed by ultrasound and/or computed tomography between September 2003 and February 2015 were reviewed. Median age at diagnosis of CPSS in dogs was 10.8 months, (range 2-133 ...
Source: Veterinary Quarterly - March 22, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Tags: Vet Q Source Type: research

Effects of hypersensitivity disorders and environmental factors on the equine intestinal microbiota.
Conclusion: Our observations suggest that hypersensitivity disorders in adult horses are not associated with an alteration of the intestinal microbiota, but environmental and/or location factors strongly influence these bacteria. PMID: 32189583 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Veterinary Quarterly)
Source: Veterinary Quarterly - March 21, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Tags: Vet Q Source Type: research

Molecular characterization of Brazilian wild-type strains of bovine respiratory syncytial virus reveals genetic diversity and a putative new subgroup of the virus.
Conclusion: Results suggest that these strains represent a putative new subgroup of BRSV with mutations observed in the immunodominant region of the G protein. However, further studies on these Brazilian BRSV strains should be performed to establish their pathogenic potential. PMID: 32083983 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Veterinary Quarterly)
Source: Veterinary Quarterly - February 22, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Tags: Vet Q Source Type: research

Obituary Dr Theo Elsinghorst.
Authors: van der Kolk H PMID: 32066341 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Veterinary Quarterly)
Source: Veterinary Quarterly - February 21, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Tags: Vet Q Source Type: research

The Veterinary Quarterly 2017 JCR impact factor increased from 1.176 to 1.492.
Authors: van der Kolk JH, Govendir M PMID: 32066342 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Veterinary Quarterly)
Source: Veterinary Quarterly - February 21, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Tags: Vet Q Source Type: research

Emerging novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) - Current scenario, evolutionary perspective based on genome analysis and recent developments.
Authors: Malik YS, Sircar S, Bhat S, Sharun K, Dhama K, Dadar M, Tiwari R, Chaicumpa W Abstract Coronaviruses are the well-known cause of severe respiratory, enteric and systemic infections in a wide range of hosts including man, mammals, fish, and avian. The scientific interest on coronaviruses increased after the emergence of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) outbreaks in 2002-2003 followed by Middle East Respiratory Syndrome CoV (MERS-CoV). This decade's first CoV, named 2019-nCoV, emerged from Wuhan, China, and declared as "Public Health Emergency of International Concern" on Ja...
Source: Veterinary Quarterly - February 11, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Tags: Vet Q Source Type: research

Serial evaluation of cardiac biomarker NT-proBNP with speckle tracking echocardiography in a 6-year-old Golden Retriever dog with subaortic stenosis and dilated cardiomyopathy.
Authors: Ro WB, Kang MH, Park HM Abstract A 6-year-old 37.5-kg Golden Retriever dog was presented with intermittent coughing and cardiac murmur. The dog was diagnosed with subaortic stenosis (SAS) and dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). The serum N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) concentration, conventional echocardiography, and two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (2D-STE) were serially evaluated for 6 months. At admission, the dog showed a significant increase in the serum NT-proBNP concentration and severe reduction in the 2D-STE strain values. During the monitoring period, the 2D-STE ...
Source: Veterinary Quarterly - February 11, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Tags: Vet Q Source Type: research

Osteogenesis imperfecta in a male Holstein calf associated with a possible oligogenic origin.
Conclusion: The analysis of the OI case revealed a possible oligogenic origin of the disease attributable to additive effects of three candidate genes, i.e. ABCA13, QRFPR, and IFTIM5.Clinical relevance: Most OI cases in humans and domestic animals reported so far are caused by distinct dominant or recessive monogenic mutations, therefore a potential oligogenic additive genetic effect is a novel finding. Furthermore, the case presented here demonstrates that cross-species genetic analyses might not always be straightforward. PMID: 31980012 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Veterinary Quarterly)
Source: Veterinary Quarterly - January 26, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Tags: Vet Q Source Type: research

Local peritonitis and omental bursitis as sequela of abomasal ulceration in buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis): clinical findings and outcome of treatment.
In this study, differentiation between OB and LP in regard to clinical symptoms, biochemical analyses and the response to treatment in Buffaloes was done. Twenty buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) were admitted with a history of intermittent appetite, wasting and mild abdominal distension during the period between March 2016 and August 2018. All cases were female (12 recently calved, 2 pregnant, 6 non-pregnant) aging from 3-9 years and weighing 350-600 kg. For comparison, 10 apparently healthy non-pregnant female buffaloes were used as controls. Abdominal ultrasonography confirmed the presence of 11 OB and 9 LP in admitted...
Source: Veterinary Quarterly - January 22, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Tags: Vet Q Source Type: research

Inhibition of Escherichia coli invasion into bovine mammary epithelial cells previously infected by Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis.
Conclusion: These findings suggest that MAP-positive cows could be more resistant to E. coli infection, but when infected, could rapidly translocate E. coli to the subepithelial region. PMID: 31939335 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Veterinary Quarterly)
Source: Veterinary Quarterly - January 16, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Tags: Vet Q Source Type: research

Peste des petits ruminants in large ruminants, camels and unusual hosts.
Authors: Ul-Rahman A, Dhama K, Ali Q, Hussain I, Oneeb M, Chaudhary UN, Johansson Wensman J, Shabbir MZ Abstract Since its first report in 1942, peste-des-petits-ruminants virus (PPRV) has caused several epidemics in a wide range of susceptible hosts around the world. In the last 30 years, the evidence of natural and experimental infections and virus isolation were reported from novel but unusual hosts such as camel, cattle, buffalo, dogs, Asiatic lion and pigs. In addition, PPRV in a potential vector, biting midges (Culicoides imicola), has been reported. Either presented as clinical and/or subclinical infections,...
Source: Veterinary Quarterly - January 11, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Tags: Vet Q Source Type: research

Etiology, epidemiology, pathology, and advances in diagnosis, vaccine development, and treatment of Gallibacterium anatis infection in poultry: a review.
Authors: Dharanesha NK, Dhama K, Mariappan AK, Munuswamy P, Mohd IY, Tiwari R, Karthik K, Bhatt P, Reddy MR Abstract Gallibacterium anatis is a Gram-negative bacterium of the Pasteurellaceae family that resides normally in the respiratory and reproductive tracts in poultry. It is a major cause of oophoritis, salpingitis, and peritonitis, decreases egg production and mortality in hens thereby severely affecting animal welfare and overall productivity by poultry industries across Europe, Asia, America, and Africa. In addition, it has the ability to infect wider host range including domesticated and free-ranging avian...
Source: Veterinary Quarterly - January 8, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Tags: Vet Q Source Type: research

Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)-based metabolome profile evaluation in dairy cows with and without displaced abomasum.
Conclusion: A biochemical network and pathway mapping revealed 'valine, leucine and isoleucine biosynthesis' and 'phenylalanine, tyrosine and tryptophan biosynthesis' as the most probable altered metabolic pathway in DA condition. Serum was advocated as the optimal biological matrix for the 1H-NMR analysis. PMID: 31858882 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Veterinary Quarterly)
Source: Veterinary Quarterly - December 22, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Tags: Vet Q Source Type: research

Co-infection with Bartonella henselae and Sarcocystis sp. in a 6-year-old male neutered domestic longhair cat with progressive multifocal neurological signs.
Authors: Castel A, Olby NJ, Breitschwerdt EB, Thomas B, Maggi RG, Shelton GD PMID: 31822209 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Veterinary Quarterly)
Source: Veterinary Quarterly - December 13, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Tags: Vet Q Source Type: research

Role for migratory domestic poultry and/or wild birds in the global spread of avian influenza?
Authors: van der Kolk JH PMID: 31752591 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Veterinary Quarterly)
Source: Veterinary Quarterly - November 23, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Tags: Vet Q Source Type: research

Tetratrichomonas gallinarum granuloma disease in a flock of free range layers.
Authors: Landman WJM, Gantois N, van Eck JHH, van der Heijden HMJF, Viscogliosi E Abstract Granuloma disease in a flock of free range productive layers in the Netherlands in 2017 is described. The disease resembled granuloma outbreaks in layers caused by Tetratrichomonas gallinarum in 2013 and occurred in the same area in which the rearing farm considered as the source of the 2013 outbreaks was located. Between 55 and 84 weeks of age mortality was 20.3% (breeder's norm 3.9%). All dead hens examined (n = 20) showed granulomas especially in liver and ceca. Nine hens with or without liver and/or ceca gra...
Source: Veterinary Quarterly - October 20, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Tags: Vet Q Source Type: research

Polymorphic post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder in a gilt.
Authors: Tura G, Pellegrino V, Avallone G, Barone F, Bacci ML, Villa R, Spadari A, Ventrella D, Dondi F, Corradetti V, La Manna G, Sarli G PMID: 31571521 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Veterinary Quarterly)
Source: Veterinary Quarterly - October 3, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Tags: Vet Q Source Type: research

Vaccine approaches for the 'therapeutic management' of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis infection in domestic livestock.
Authors: Gupta S, Singh SV, Singh M, Chaubey KK, Karthik K, Bhatia AK, Kumar N, Dhama K Abstract High endemicity of Johne's disease (JD) in herds adversely affects heavy milk yielding breeds by reducing the per animal productivity and 'productive life-span'.This review evaluates different vaccines used for its control and summarizes the benefits of 'global vaccine' in the four major domestic livestock species, namely goat, sheep, buffalo and cattle. Vaccines developed by using 'native strains' revealed both 'therapeutic' and preventive effects in domestic livestock. The 'therapeutic' role of vaccine in animals suff...
Source: Veterinary Quarterly - September 17, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Tags: Vet Q Source Type: research

Iris melanoma associated with unilateral phthisis bulbi in a 13-year-old Domestic Shorthair female cat.
Authors: Lamagna B, Uccello V, Prisco F, Russo V, Lamagna F, Navas L, Mennonna G, Murino C, Meomartino L Abstract A 13-year-old Domestic Shorthair female cat, with a history of phthisis bulbi of the right eye, was referred for an acute increase in the size of the right ocular globe that occurred over a period of 1 month. Ocular examination revealed a large pink/greyish neoplastic mass involving the entire ocular surface. Ocular ultrasound and cytological examination confirmed intraocular tumor of the phthisical eye extending into the cranial space of the right orbit. The diagnosis of a primary, poorly pigmented iri...
Source: Veterinary Quarterly - August 14, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Tags: Vet Q Source Type: research

Evaluation of serum C-reactive protein and High mobility group box 1 concentrations in 22 dogs with acute pancreatitis: a pilot study.
Authors: Kim H, Kim HJ, Kang JH, Kang BT, Yang MP Abstract Background: High mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) is an important mediator of systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) in humans with severe acute pancreatitis (AP), but there is little information regarding its role in dogs. Aim: To compare the serum concentrations of C-reactive protein (CRP) and HMGB1 in healthy dogs and those with AP with or without SIRS. Methods: The study included 22 dogs with AP and 20 healthy dogs. CRP and HMGB1 were assessed by ELISA. Statistical analyses were conducted by non-parametric tests. Results: Median (interquartile range...
Source: Veterinary Quarterly - August 14, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Tags: Vet Q Source Type: research

The Veterinary Quarterly now ranked a top 10 journal in the Veterinary Science 2018 JCR.
Authors: der Kolk HV, Govendir M Abstract It is our pleasure to announce that the Veterinary Quarterly has seen its 2018 JCR Impact Factor increase from 1.492 to 2.340. As a consequence, it has also moved up in the rankings, and is now 9/141 in the Veterinary Sciences JCR Category (previously 41/140). PMID: 31311439 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Veterinary Quarterly)
Source: Veterinary Quarterly - July 19, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Tags: Vet Q Source Type: research

Animal mesenchymal stem cell research in cartilage regenerative medicine - a review.
Authors: Gugjoo MB, Fazili MR, Gayas MA, Ahmad RA, Dhama K Abstract Healing of articular cartilage is a major clinical challenge as it also lacks a direct vasculature and nerves, and carries a limited number of resident chondrocytes that do not proliferate easily. Damaged articular cartilages are usually replaced by fibrocartilages, which are mechanically and structurally weaker and less resilient. Regenerative medicine involving stem cells is considered to have a definitive potential to overcome the limitations associated with the currently available surgical methods of cartilage repair. Among various stem cell ty...
Source: Veterinary Quarterly - July 14, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Tags: Vet Q Source Type: research

Technological interventions and advances in the diagnosis of intramammary infections in animals with emphasis on bovine population -a review.
Authors: Chakraborty S, Dhama K, Tiwari R, Iqbal Yatoo M, Khurana SK, Khandia R, Munjal A, Munuswamy P, Kumar MA, Singh M, Singh R, Gupta VK, Chaicumpa W Abstract Mastitis, an inflammation of the udder, is a challenging problem in dairy animals accounting for high economic losses. Disease complexity, degree of economic losses and increasing importance of the dairy industries along with public health concerns envisages devising appropriate diagnostics of mastitis, which can offer rapid, accurate and confirmatory diagnosis. The various diagnostic tests of mastitis have been divided into general or phenotypic and spec...
Source: Veterinary Quarterly - July 12, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Tags: Vet Q Source Type: research

Mammalian cell entry operons; novel and major subset candidates for diagnostics with special reference to Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis infection.
Authors: Hemati Z, Derakhshandeh A, Haghkhah M, Chaubey KK, Gupta S, Singh M, Singh SV, Dhama K Abstract Mammalian cell entry (mce) genes are the components of the mce operon and play a vital role in the entry of Mycobacteria into the mammalian cell and their survival within phagocytes and epithelial cells. Mce operons are present in the DNA of Mycobacteria and translate proteins associated with the invasion and long-term existence of these pathogens in macrophages. The exact mechanism of action of mce genes and their functions are not clear yet. However, with the loss of these genes Mycobacteria lose their pathoge...
Source: Veterinary Quarterly - July 11, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Tags: Vet Q Source Type: research

Correction.
Authors: PMID: 31131726 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Veterinary Quarterly)
Source: Veterinary Quarterly - May 29, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Tags: Vet Q Source Type: research

Neurological abnormalities in 97 dogs with detectable pituitary masses.
CONCLUSION: Neurological signs recorded in DPM-affected dogs include not only the typical forebrain signs but also gait disturbances and hyperesthesia. Neurological signs are positively associated with increased P:B ratio and MRI signs of brain compression. PMID: 31112462 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Veterinary Quarterly)
Source: Veterinary Quarterly - May 23, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Tags: Vet Q Source Type: research

Nipah virus: epidemiology, pathology, immunobiology and advances in diagnosis, vaccine designing and control strategies - a comprehensive review.
Authors: Singh RK, Dhama K, Chakraborty S, Tiwari R, Natesan S, Khandia R, Munjal A, Vora KS, Latheef SK, Karthik K, Singh Malik Y, Singh R, Chaicumpa W, Mourya DT Abstract Nipah (Nee-pa) viral disease is a zoonotic infection caused by Nipah virus (NiV), a paramyxovirus belonging to the genus Henipavirus of the family Paramyxoviridae. It is a biosafety level-4 pathogen, which is transmitted by specific types of fruit bats, mainly Pteropus spp. which are natural reservoir host. The disease was reported for the first time from the Kampung Sungai Nipah village of Malaysia in 1998. Human-to-human transmission also occu...
Source: Veterinary Quarterly - April 23, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Tags: Vet Q Source Type: research

Contagious caprine pleuropneumonia - a comprehensive review.
Authors: Iqbal Yatoo M, Raffiq Parray O, Tauseef Bashir S, Ahmed Bhat R, Gopalakrishnan A, Karthik K, Dhama K, Vir Singh S Abstract Contagious caprine pleuropneumonia (CCPP) is a serious disease of goats, occasionally sheep and wild ruminants, caused by Mycoplasma capricolum subspecies capripneumoniae (Mccp). The disease is characterized by severe serofibrinous pleuropneumonia, very high morbidity (∼100%), and mortality (80-100%). CCPP affects goats in more than 40 countries of the world thereby posing a serious threat to goat farming around the globe. The characteristic clinical signs of CCPP are severe respir...
Source: Veterinary Quarterly - April 2, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Tags: Vet Q Source Type: research

Obituary Dr Theo Elsinghorst.
Authors: van der Kolk H PMID: 30854938 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Veterinary Quarterly)
Source: Veterinary Quarterly - March 13, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Tags: Vet Q Source Type: research

The Veterinary Quarterly 2017 JCR impact factor increased from 1.176 to 1.492.
Authors: van der Kolk JH, Govendir M PMID: 30854939 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Veterinary Quarterly)
Source: Veterinary Quarterly - March 13, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Tags: Vet Q Source Type: research

Obituary Dr Theo Elsinghorst.
Authors: van der Kolk H PMID: 30773120 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Veterinary Quarterly)
Source: Veterinary Quarterly - February 20, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Tags: Vet Q Source Type: research

The Veterinary Quarterly 2017 JCR impact factor increased from 1.176 to 1.492.
Authors: van der Kolk JH, Govendir M PMID: 30773121 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Veterinary Quarterly)
Source: Veterinary Quarterly - February 20, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Tags: Vet Q Source Type: research