Effect of Biologic Material Reinforcement on Surgical Anastomosis After Gastrectomy —A Pilot Study
Conclusions: Leakage rate reduction with acellular dermal matrix reinforcement of anastomotic site was not detected in this investigation. However, postoperative inflammation levels and numerical predictors of anastomotic leakage development were significantly lower with acellular dermal matrix reinforcement of surgical anastomosis. This finding is worthy of further investigation, as reduction of inflammation with anastomotic site reinforcement is a novel finding, and more in-depth research may lead to discoveries on the physiologic role of the surgical anastomosis in post-gastrectomy patients. In addition, lower CRP and N...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - November 6, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Toward a Hybrid Passive BCI for the Modulation of Sustained Attention Using EEG and fNIRS
We report results of a study that utilizes a BCI to drive an interactive interface countermeasure that allows users to self-regulate sustained attention while performing an ecologically valid, long-duration business logistics task. An engagement index derived from EEG signals was used to drive the BCI while fNIRS measured hemodynamic activity for the duration of the task. Participants (n = 30) were split into three groups (1) no countermeasures (NOCM), (2) continuous countermeasures (CCM), and (3) event synchronized, level-dependent countermeasures (ECM). We hypothesized that the ability to self-regulate sustained attentio...
Source: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience - November 6, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Suicidal Ideation among Veterans Living with Cancer Referred to Mental Health.
This study identified factors associated with suicidal ideation (SI) among a rarely studied subgroup of Veterans: those with cancer.Methods: Veterans (age M = 61.83) with cancer (N= 175) referred for psychological evaluation completed measures of pain, sleep, depressive, anxiety, and PTSD symptoms. SI was defined by endorsing on paper-and-pencil questionnaire thoughts of killing oneself in the past 2 weeks or during clinical interview.Results: 25.1% reported SI. Compared to those without SI, Veterans with SI had higher ratings on measures of depression, anxiety, and PTSD symptoms. History of suicide attempt(s) was included...
Source: Clinical Gerontologist - November 5, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: Clin Gerontol Source Type: research

Bias-adjustment in neuroimaging-based brain age frameworks: a robust scheme
Publication date: Available online 4 November 2019Source: NeuroImage: ClinicalAuthor(s): Iman Beheshti, Scott Nugent, Olivier Potvin, Simon DuchesneAbstractThe level of prediction error in the brain age estimation frameworks is associated with the authenticity of statistical inference on the basis of regression models. In this paper, we present an efficacious and plain bias-adjustment scheme using chronological age as a covariate through the training set for downgrading the prediction bias in a Brain-age estimation framework. We applied proposed bias-adjustment scheme coupled by a machine learning-based brain age framework...
Source: NeuroImage: Clinical - November 5, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Socio-demographic factors of early sexual debut and depression among adolescents
Background: Adolescent early sexual debut as it relates with socio-demographic factors and depression of secondary school adolescents. During the adolescent stage, attitudes, values and behaviours that shape a young person's behavior in the future develop. Age of sexual debut is generally low, yet there is dearth of knowledge on sexuality in the area of this study-Nsukka Education zone of Enugu State, Nigeria.Objective: To determine the socio-demographic factors of early sexual debut and depression among adolescents in secondary schools in Nsukka Education zone of Enugu state, Nigeria.Materials and methods: A cross-section...
Source: African Health Sciences - November 5, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Prevalence and risk factors of sexual dysfunction in healthy women in Turkey
Objectives: This is a cross sectional study conducted in order to determine sexual dysfunction in healthy women and risk factors.Patients and methods: The population of the study consisted of 282 women. The whole of the population, without sample selection, was included in the study. For data, questionnaire and Female Sexual Function Index-FSFI, whose Turkish validity and reliability study was conducted, were used. Student t and chi-square significant tests and logistic regression analysis were used to carry out statistical analysis.Results: It was found that 35.8% of 282 women who participated in the study were in the age...
Source: African Health Sciences - November 5, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Assessment of drug therapy problem and associated factors among adult hypertensive patients at Ayder comprehensive specialized hospital, Northern Ethiopia
Background: Drug-therapy problems(DTPs) among hypertensive patients can result in patient ’s morbidity and mortality. The main aim of this study was to assess drug therapy problem and associated factors among
Source: African Health Sciences - November 5, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Statistical models for longitudinal zero-inflated count data: application to seizure attacks
This study aimed at finding determinants of the number of epileptic seizure attacks using different count data modeling techniques.Methods: Four common fixed-effects Poisson family models were reviewed to analyze the count data with a high proportion of zeros in longitudinal outcome, i.e., the number of seizure attacks in epilepsy patients. This is because, in addition to the problem of extra zeros, the correlation between measurements upon the same patient at different occasions needs to be taken into consideration.Results: The investigation remarkably identified some important factors associated with epileptic seizure at...
Source: African Health Sciences - November 5, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Talectomy as Part of Chronic Foot and Ankle Deformity Correction Procedure: A Retrospective Review
This study aimed to describe the role of talectomy and the outcomes of this procedure in patients presenting with severe foot and ankle deformity. A review of 45 patients undergoing talectomy by a single surgeon was completed. Data extracted included the cause of deformity, history of infection, body mass index, and relevant comorbidities. Outcome measures of interest were minor or major complications and limb functionality at final follow-up. Statistical analysis was performed by using a Wilcoxon rank sum test and a Fisher exact test looking at variables affecting selected outcome measures. Limb salvage occurred in 38 of ...
Source: The Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery - November 5, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Development of generic Asian pelvic bone models using CT-based 3D statistical modelling
Publication date: Available online 4 November 2019Source: Journal of Orthopaedic TranslationAuthor(s): Marc-Daniel Ahrend, Hansrudi Noser, Rukmanikanthan Shanmugam, Felix Burr, Lukas Kamer, Tunku Kamarul Zaman, Heinz Hügli, Andreas Nagy, Robert Geoff Richards, Boyko Gueorguiev-RüeggAbstractBackground/ObjectiveArtificial bone models (ABMs) are used in orthopaedics for research of biomechanics, development of implants and educational purposes. Most of the commercially available ABMs approximate the morphology of Europeans, but they may not depict the Asian anatomy. Therefore, our aim was to develop the first Asian ...
Source: Journal of Orthopaedic Translation - November 5, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Functional outcomes of trans-tendon repair vs. tear completion and repair for partial thickness rotator cuff tears: A metaanalysis
ConclusionTran-tendon repair technique may offer some benefits over tear completion and repair in terms of re-tear rates. Both techniques of surgical repair have shown equivalent functional outcomes at follow up. Current literature is insufficient to show superiority of one technique over the other. (Source: Journal of Arthroscopy and Joint Surgery)
Source: Journal of Arthroscopy and Joint Surgery - November 5, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Treatment of Mild Cervical Myelopathy: Factors Associated With Decision for Surgical Intervention
Study Design. Prospective Cohort Objective. The aim of this study was to evaluate which demographic, clinical, or radiographic factors are associated with selection for surgical intervention in patients with mild cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM). Summary of Background Data. Surgery has not been shown superior to best conservative management in mild CSM comparative studies; trials of conservative management represent an acceptable alternative to surgical decompression. It is unknown what patients benefit from surgery. Methods. This is a prospective study of patients with mild CSM, defined as modified Japanes...
Source: Spine - November 5, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: SURGERY Source Type: research

Cardiometabolic risk factors and Framingham Risk Score in severely obese patients: baseline data from DieTBra Trial
Publication date: Available online 5 November 2019Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular DiseasesAuthor(s): Annelisa SAC. Santos, Ana Paula S. Rodrigues, Lorena PS. Rosa, Nizal Sarrafzadegan, Erika A. SilveiraAbstractBackground and aimsLittle is known about differences of cardiometabolic risk factors (CMRF) and the function of Framingham Risk Score (FRS) within severe obesity, thus we aimed to study not only CMRF and FRS, but to determine significant differences between BMI ranges within severe obesity.Methods and ResultsIn this baseline analysis of the Traditional Brazilian Diet (DieTBra) Trial, several CMRF wer...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - November 5, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Treatment with brivaracetam in children – The experience of a pediatric epilepsy center
ConclusionBrivaracetam is an effective add-on treatment in focal, as well as generalized seizures in children, with negligible side effects, including children who failed previously on levetiracetam. Seizure exacerbation may occur, but it's reason is unclear. (Source: Epilepsy and Behavior)
Source: Epilepsy and Behavior - November 5, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Relationship of anti-tuberculosis drug-induced liver injury and genetic polymorphisms in CYP2E1 AND GST
ConclusionPatients with theCYP2E1 variant genotype or Null GSTT1 showed higher risk of presenting DILI (p = 0.09; OR: 4.57; 95% CI: 0.75–27.6). Individuals with both genotypes had no increased risk compared to individuals with one genotype. (Source: The Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: The Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases - November 5, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

A Profile of the Health of Homeless at an Inner City Primary Health Care Clinic in South Africa.
This study provided baseline information to which the clinic can tailor the services provided. PMID: 31680108 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved)
Source: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved - November 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Johnston D, McInerney P, Miot J Tags: J Health Care Poor Underserved Source Type: research

Text and Email Messaging for Increasing Human Papillomavirus Vaccine Completion among Uninsured or Medicaid-insured Adolescents in Rural Eastern North Carolina.
Abstract We sought to assess if electronic messaging/reminders could increase human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine completion among adolescents and HPV knowledge among their parents. The study was conducted in two clinics in eastern North Carolina from March 2014-March 2016. Participants included English-speaking and/or Spanish-speaking, uninsured or Medicaid-insured parents and their children (ages 9-17). Intervention participants received text/email appointment reminders and education messages and controls received standard-of-care. The final sample included 257 parent-child dyads. Most identified as Black (60%) o...
Source: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved - November 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Richman AR, Torres E, Wu Q, Carlston L, O'Rorke S, Moreno C, Olsson J Tags: J Health Care Poor Underserved Source Type: research

The Hierarchy of Different Treatments for Arthrogenous Temporomandibular Disorders: A Network Meta-Analysis of Randomized Clinical Trials
ConclusionThe results of the present metanalysis support a paradigm shift in arthrogenous TMJ disorder treatment. There is a new evidence (though on a very low to moderate quality level) that minimally invasive procedures, particularly in combination with IAI of adjuvant pharmacological agents (PRP, HA or CS), are significantly more effective than conservative treatments for both pain reduction and improvement of MMO in both short (≤5 months) and intermediate term (6 months to 4 years) periods. In contrast to traditional concepts mandating exhaustion of conservative treatment options, minimally invasive procedures, ther...
Source: Journal of Cranio Maxillofacial Surgery - November 5, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Antibiotics for COPD exacerbations: does drug or duration matter? A primary care database analysis.
Abstract Introduction: Antibiotics are routinely given to people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) presenting with lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI) symptoms in primary care. Population prescribing habits and their consequences have not been well-described. Methods: We conducted a retrospective analysis of antibiotic prescriptions for non-pneumonic exacerbations of COPD from 2010 to 2015 using the UK primary care Optimum Patient Care Research Database. As a proxy of initial treatment failure, second antibiotic prescriptions for LRTI or all indications within 14 days were the primary and...
Source: Respiratory Care - November 5, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Stolbrink M, Bonnett LJ, Blakey JD Tags: BMJ Open Respir Res Source Type: research

Why Are Some Driver Mutations Rare?
Publication date: Available online 5 November 2019Source: Trends in Pharmacological SciencesAuthor(s): Ruth Nussinov, Chung-Jung Tsai, Hyunbum JangUnderstanding why driver mutations that promote cancer are sometimes rare is important for precision medicine since it would help in their identification. Driver mutations are largely discovered through their frequencies. Thus, rare mutations often escape detection. Unlike high-frequency drivers, low-frequency drivers can be tissue specific; rare drivers have extremely low frequencies. Here, we discuss rare drivers and strategies to discover them. We suggest that allosteric driv...
Source: Trends in Pharmacological Sciences - November 5, 2019 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Effect of acidic pH on surface roughness of esthetic dental materials
Publication date: Available online 5 November 2019Source: The Journal of Prosthetic DentistryAuthor(s): Muhsen Alnasser, Matthew Finkelman, Aikaterini Papathanasiou, Marcelo Suzuki, Ruby Ghaffari, Ala AliAbstractStatement of problemExposure to gastric acid in patients with bulimia nervosa and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) causes demineralization of hard tooth structures. This chemical attack also causes the degradation of dental ceramics, which results in increased surface roughness and reduced strength. However, studies comparing the effect of acidic pH on resin matrix ceramic with other computer-aided design and...
Source: The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry - November 5, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Coronary Artery size in North Indian population – Intravascular ultrasound based study
Publication date: Available online 5 November 2019Source: Indian Heart JournalAuthor(s): S. Reddy, Suraj Kumar, J.R. Kashyap, K. Raghavendra, K. Vikas, Hithesh Reddy, N. Kaur, R. Velu, J. KaurAbstractObjectiveThe coronary artery dimensions have important diagnostic and therapeutic implications in management of coronary artery disease. There is paucity of data on the coronary artery size in Indians by intravascular ultrasound.MethodsA total of 303 patients with acute coronary syndrome undergoing percutaneous intervention with intravascular ultrasound underwent analysis along with quantitative coronary angiogram (QCA). Of th...
Source: Indian Heart Journal - November 5, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Comparison of efficacy and safety between ultrathin bioresorbable polymer sirolimus-eluting stents and thin durable polymer drug-eluting stents: a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature
Conclusion BP SES significantly reduced the risk of any myocardial infarction and target vessel myocardial infarction in comparison with DP EES. There were no differences in cardiac death, STE, TLR, TVR and all-cause death with its follow-up time (Source: Coronary Artery Disease)
Source: Coronary Artery Disease - November 5, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: PCI Source Type: research

The prognostic role of PET/CT in small-cell lung cancer: [[es]]El papel pronóstico de la PET/TC en el cáncer pulmonar de células pequeñas
ConclusionThe present study found that pretreatment PET parameters were of not predictive value for PFS and OS in patients with SCLC. (Source: Revista Espanola de Medicina Nuclear e Imagen Molecular)
Source: Revista Espanola de Medicina Nuclear e Imagen Molecular - November 5, 2019 Category: Nuclear Medicine Source Type: research

Modelling of methane and n-butane sorption, diffusion and permeation in polydimethylsiloxane using PC-SAFT
Publication date: Available online 4 November 2019Source: Journal of Membrane ScienceAuthor(s): L. Liu, S.E. KentishAbstractPublished sorption, diffusion and permeation data for methane and n-butane in polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) from −20 to 50 °C was simulated using a perturbed chain statistical association theory (PC-SAFT) based model. The use of a temperature-dependent interaction parameter within the PC-SAFT model allowed the pure gas sorption data to be very well represented. The mixed gas sorption results were fully predictable from these pure gas parameters, without the introduction of any additional par...
Source: Journal of Membrane Science - November 5, 2019 Category: Materials Science Source Type: research

Fighting or embracing multiplicity in neuroimaging? neighborhood leverage versus global calibration
Publication date: Available online 5 November 2019Source: NeuroImageAuthor(s): Gang Chen, Paul A. Taylor, Robert W. Cox, Luiz PessoaAbstractNeuroimaging faces the daunting challenge of multiple testing – an instance of multiplicity – that is associated with two other issues to some extent: low inference efficiency and poor reproducibility. Typically, the same statistical model is applied to each spatial unit independently in the approach of massively univariate modeling. In dealing with multiplicity, the general strategy employed in the field is the same regardless of the specifics: trust the local “unbia...
Source: NeuroImage - November 5, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

The Comparison of Parameters of Oxidative Stress in Native Rat Livers Between Different Immunosuppressive Regimens.
CONCLUSIONS Long-lasting immunosuppressive treatment does indeed affect redox status; however, the antioxidant defenses of the liver against the effects of excess hydrogen peroxide are efficient, so the superoxide dismutase/glutathione peroxidase (SOD/GPx) and superoxide dismutase/catalase (SOD/CAT) ratios were not significant. PMID: 31677379 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Science Monitor)
Source: Medical Science Monitor - November 5, 2019 Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research

An animal health example of managing and analyzing a large volume of data on a PC: modeling body weight and age of over 13 million cats for explanatory and predictive purposes
The objective of this study was to develop a method of managing and analyzing large amounts of data on a personal computer that can be run within 24 hours to limit the time and resources spent deploying models on larger servers. This paper describes an overall approach that makes use of existing methods for data acquisition and modeling, but adapts and combines them in a way that allows manipulation and analysis of large volumes of data on a PC. This included a total of five steps: removing errors; removing data points outside the scope of a specific hypothesis; creating descriptive statistics; developing explanator...
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - November 5, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Magnitude and causes of first-line antiretroviral therapy regimen changes among HIV patients in Ethiopia: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Authors: Ataro Z, Motbaynor B, Weldegebreal F, Sisay M, Tesfa T, Mitiku H, Marami D, Teklemariam Z, Shewamene Z Abstract BACKGROUND: Antiretroviral therapy (ART) has markedly decreased the morbidity and mortality due to HIV/AIDS. ART regimen change is a major challenge for the sustainability of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) treatment program. This is found to be a major concern among HIV/AIDS patients in a resource-limited setting, where treatment options are limited. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this review is to generate the best available evidence regarding the magnitude of first-line antiretroviral therapy r...
Source: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology - November 5, 2019 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: BMC Pharmacol Toxicol Source Type: research

Coupling metabolomics analysis and DOE optimization strategy towards enhanced IBDV production by chicken embryo fibroblast DF-1 cells
This study provides a strategy for the efficient production of IBDV vaccines and could potentially be utilized to improve the production of other viral vaccines and biologics. (Source: Journal of Biotechnology)
Source: Journal of Biotechnology - November 5, 2019 Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research

Preparation and in vitro evaluation of Chondroitin sulfate and carbopol based mucoadhesive controlled release polymeric composites of Loxoprofen using factorial design
Publication date: December 2019Source: European Polymer Journal, Volume 121Author(s): Akhtar Ali, Ikrima Khalid, Muhammad Usman Minhas, Kashif Barkat, Ikram Ullah Khan, Haroon Khalid Syed, Ayesha UmarAbstractDrug delivery systems based upon combination of natural and synthetic polymers are considered as stable formulations with promising release characteristics. In current research work, Chondroitin sulfate (Natural), Carbopol-934 (Synthetic) and 2-Acrylamido-2-methylpropane sulfonic based semi-interpenetrating hydrogels were synthesized through free radical polymerization technique using Ethylene Glycol Dimethylacrylate a...
Source: European Polymer Journal - November 5, 2019 Category: Chemistry Source Type: research

Faecal calprotectin testing for identifying patients with organic gastrointestinal disease: systematic review and meta-analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: FC testing is clinically useful for distinguishing organic GID (including IBD) from functional GIDs, and its incorporation into clinical practice for evaluating patients with lower gastrointestinal symptoms could lead to fewer patients with functional GIDs undergoing colonoscopy, reducing costs for both patients and the health system. PROSPERO REGISTRATION: CRD4201810507. PMID: 31680263 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medical Journal of Australia)
Source: Medical Journal of Australia - November 5, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: Med J Aust Source Type: research

Effect of topical corticosteroids on nasal patency after acute positive airway pressure exposure
Publication date: Available online 3 November 2019Source: Brazilian Journal of OtorhinolaryngologyAuthor(s): Leonardo Balsalobre, Aline Bruno Figueiredo, Rogério Pezato, Reginaldo FujitaAbstractIntroductionNasal congestion and obstruction are reported in the majority of continuous positive airway pressure users and are frequently cited as reasons for noncompliance. Baseline inflammation due to allergic rhinitis could increase or exacerbate the inflammatory effect of high airflow in the nasal cavity as the result of continuous positive airway pressure and lead to greater continuous positive airway pressure intoleranc...
Source: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology - November 5, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Prevalence of middle ear disease in Chilean natives and the impact of development over 14 years
Publication date: Available online 3 November 2019Source: Brazilian Journal of OtorhinolaryngologyAuthor(s): Mario Tapia Céspedes, Thomas Schmidt PutzAbstractIntroductionThe prevalence of middle ear disease and its risk factors have been the subject of multiple studies. High prevalence of middle ear disease has been described among North American natives, especially chronic otitis media. Such studies have not been carried out in South America.ObjectiveTo describe the prevalence of middle ear pathology and risk factors in native schoolchildren from southern Chile who belong to the Mapuche ethnic group, as well as the...
Source: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology - November 5, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Subarachnoid hemorrhage in the eighties: to treat or not to treat.
CONCLUSIONS: Elderly patients suffering from aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage should be considered for treatment despite age, with endovascular embolization as the most preferable option. Without the treatment, the natural history can be very poor. PMID: 31680505 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences)
Source: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences - November 5, 2019 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: J Neurosurg Sci Source Type: research

Development of cerebrospinal fluid fistula after incidental durotomy in spinal decompression surgery.
The objective of this study was to analyze the predictors for the development of CSF fistula after ID. METHODS: This retrospective study included 6024 consecutive patients who had been surgically treated for degenerative spinal disease at our clinic over the past 15 years. Patients who had undergone surgical revision for CSF fistula were assigned to the CSF fistula group. A matched 3:1 control group (ID group) was formed of patients with ID but without CSF fistula. Charts, surgical reports, and radiographic data were reviewed and statistically analyzed for demographics, duration of symptoms, co-morbidities, surgical st...
Source: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences - November 5, 2019 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: J Neurosurg Sci Source Type: research

From paradigm to paradox: divergency between intracranial pressure and intracranial pulse pressure during atmospheric pressure fall: a case study.
CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that increasing intracranial pressure is associated with its paradoxically decreasing amplitude under the influence of sudden and unexpected barometric pressure fall. This study suggests that abrupt changes in atmospheric pressure might impact intracranial pressure. PMID: 31680504 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences)
Source: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences - November 5, 2019 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: J Neurosurg Sci Source Type: research

Efficacy of a Novel Annular Closure Device after Lumbar Discectomy in Korean Patients : A 24-Month Follow-Up of a Randomized Controlled Trial.
CONCLUSION: Lumbar discectomy with the Barricaid® (Intrinsic Therapeutics, Inc.) ACD is more effective at maintaining disc height and preventing re-herniation compared with conventional discectomy. Our results suggest that adoption of ACD in lumbar discectomy can help improve the treatment outcome. PMID: 31679318 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society)
Source: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society - November 5, 2019 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: J Korean Neurosurg Soc Source Type: research

The effect of nanodiamonds on candida albicans adhesion and surface characteristics of PMMA denture base material - an in vitro study
Abstract Candida albicans is the main causative pathogen of denture stomatitis, which affects many complete denture patients. Objective: To evaluate the effect of different concentrations of nanodiamonds (NDs) added to polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) denture base material on Candida albicans adhesion as well as on surface roughness and contact angle. Methodology: Acrylic resin specimens sized 10 ×10×3 mm3 were prepared and divided into four groups (n=30) according to ND concentration (0%, 0.5%, 1%, 1.5% by wt). Surface roughness was measured with a profilometer, and the contact angle with a goniometer. The effec...
Source: Journal of Applied Oral Science - November 5, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

The use of remote microphone systems in unilateral hearing loss: a preliminary study among Brazilian children and teenagers
Abstract Due to the large number of individuals with Unilateral Hearing Loss (UHL) and the recommendation to use hearing assistive devices, studies are required to define possibilities of intervention for this population. Objective: To evaluate the performance of the Remote Microphone System (RMS) in children with UHL. Methodology: Prospective clinical study with a convenience sample. Eleven children (mean age of 9.2 years) with severe and profound sensorineural UHL, hearing aid users and enrolled in regular schools participated in the study. They were evaluated using the Hearing in Noise Test (HINT), the Classroom Partici...
Source: Journal of Applied Oral Science - November 5, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Strain Analysis of Left Ventricular Function in the Association of Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy and Systemic Arterial Hypertension
In this study, p
Source: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia - November 5, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Are Myocardium Deformation Indices Influenced by Cardiac Load, Age or Body Mass Index?
In this study, p
Source: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia - November 5, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Left Atrial Appendage Transcatheter Occlusion with AMPLATZER™ Amulet™ Device: Real Life Data with Mid-Term Follow-Up Results
Conclusion: We concluded that LAA occlusion using the Amulet ™ LAA occluder can be performed with high procedural success and acceptable outcomes.Resumo Fundamento: A oclus ão do apêndice atrial esquerdo (AAE) é uma terapia alternativa para pacientes com fibrilação atrial que tenham alto risco embólico e contraindicações à terapia anticoagulante. Objetivo: Avaliar a viabilidade, segurança e resultados de médio prazo da oclusão percutânea do AAE, incluindo a trombose relacionada à prótese. Métodos: Sessenta pa...
Source: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia - November 5, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Percutaneous Occlusion of Left Atrial Appendage: Growing Clinical Experience and Lack of Multicenter Randomized Clinical Trials
Conclusion: We concluded that LAA occlusion using the Amulet ™ LAA occluder can be performed with high procedural success and acceptable outcomes.Resumo Fundamento: A oclus ão do apêndice atrial esquerdo (AAE) é uma terapia alternativa para pacientes com fibrilação atrial que tenham alto risco embólico e contraindicações à terapia anticoagulante. Objetivo: Avaliar a viabilidade, segurança e resultados de médio prazo da oclusão percutânea do AAE, incluindo a trombose relacionada à prótese. Métodos: Sessenta pa...
Source: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia - November 5, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Prevalence of Systemic Arterial Hypertension and Associated Factors Among Adults from the Semi-Arid Region of Pernambuco, Brazil
Abstract Background: Systemic arterial hypertension is a substantial public health problem responsible for millions of deaths per year worldwide. However, little is known about the epidemiology of this disease in areas distant from large urban centers in Brazil. Such information is necessary to plan health promotion strategies. Objective: To estimate the prevalence of hypertension and determine its associated factors in adults residing in the semi-arid region of the state of Pernambuco, Northeastern Brazil. Method: This is a cross-sectional study conducted with a random sample of male and female adults. Individuals with sy...
Source: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia - November 5, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Social Determinants of Hypertension
Abstract Background: Systemic arterial hypertension is a substantial public health problem responsible for millions of deaths per year worldwide. However, little is known about the epidemiology of this disease in areas distant from large urban centers in Brazil. Such information is necessary to plan health promotion strategies. Objective: To estimate the prevalence of hypertension and determine its associated factors in adults residing in the semi-arid region of the state of Pernambuco, Northeastern Brazil. Method: This is a cross-sectional study conducted with a random sample of male and female adults. Individuals with sy...
Source: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia - November 5, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Introduction of Application of Gini Coefficient to Heart Rate Variability Spectrum for Mental Stress Evaluation
Abstract Background: The Gini coefficient is a statistical tool generally used by economists to quantify income inequality. However, it can be applied to any kind of data with unequal distribution, including heart rate variability (HRV). Objectives: To assess the application of the Gini coefficient to measure inequality in power spectral density of RR intervals, and to use this application as a psychophysiological indicator of mental stress. Methods: Thirteen healthy subjects (19 ± 1.5 years) participated in this study, and their RR intervals were obtained by electrocardiogram during rest (five minutes) and during m...
Source: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia - November 5, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

The Neurolinguistics of the Heart
Abstract Background: The Gini coefficient is a statistical tool generally used by economists to quantify income inequality. However, it can be applied to any kind of data with unequal distribution, including heart rate variability (HRV). Objectives: To assess the application of the Gini coefficient to measure inequality in power spectral density of RR intervals, and to use this application as a psychophysiological indicator of mental stress. Methods: Thirteen healthy subjects (19 ± 1.5 years) participated in this study, and their RR intervals were obtained by electrocardiogram during rest (five minutes) and during m...
Source: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia - November 5, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

The Use of Two-Dimensional Strain Measured by Speckle Tracking in the Identification of Incipient Ventricular Dysfunction in HIV-Infected Patients on Antiretroviral Therapy, Untreated HIV Patients and Healthy Controls
Abstract Background: Most cardiovascular abnormalities in patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) have been associated with myocardial damage directly caused by the virus. Some cases, however, may be associated with adverse effects from antiretroviral therapy (ART). New ventricular function assessment techniques are capable of detecting early changes in the cardiac function of HIV-infected patients using or not using ART. The usefulness of these techniques has been little employed in these patients. Objectives: To investigate the potential influence of antiretroviral therapy (ART) on the occurrence of...
Source: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia - November 5, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

At Last, a Sensitive Method to Detect Incipient Systolic Dysfunction!
Abstract Background: Most cardiovascular abnormalities in patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) have been associated with myocardial damage directly caused by the virus. Some cases, however, may be associated with adverse effects from antiretroviral therapy (ART). New ventricular function assessment techniques are capable of detecting early changes in the cardiac function of HIV-infected patients using or not using ART. The usefulness of these techniques has been little employed in these patients. Objectives: To investigate the potential influence of antiretroviral therapy (ART) on the occurrence of...
Source: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia - November 5, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research