Psychological intervention for universal prevention of antenatal and postnatal depression among pregnant women: protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis
DiscussionThe findings of this systematic review and meta-analysis will have both clinical and political importance in the context of perinatal mental health. In addition, this study will promote future studies and clarify the direction of research on universal prevention of perinatal depression.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42019118041 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - December 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The association of telomere length with substance use disorders: systematic review and meta-analysis protocol
DiscussionThis systematic review will assess the association of telomere length with substance use disorders aside from nicotine addiction.Systematic review registrationPROSPERO registration number CRD42019119785 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - December 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Uniportal versus multiportal video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery in the treatment of lung cancer: a Canadian single-centre retrospective study
Conclusion: Adoption of uniportal VATS appears to be feasible and safe, without compromising oncologic principles or increasing intraoperative resource utilization. Larger, prospective studies can help confirm these findings. PMID: 31782644 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Surgery)
Source: Canadian Journal of Surgery - December 1, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Bin Yameen TA, Gupta V, Behzadi A Tags: Can J Surg Source Type: research

Stable rates of operative treatment of distal radius fractures in Ontario, Canada: a population-based retrospective cohort study (2004 –2013)
Conclusion: In Ontario, rates of cast immobilization are stable and there has been a movement toward open reduction and internal fixation among patients treated surgically. PMID: 31782295 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Canadian Journal of Surgery)
Source: Canadian Journal of Surgery - December 1, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Armstrong KA, von Schroeder HP, Baxter NN, Zhong T, Huang A, McCabe SJ Tags: Can J Surg Source Type: research

Effectiveness of craniosacral therapy in the treatment of infantile colic. A randomized controlled trial.
Lena O, Chillón-Martínez R Abstract OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness of Craniosacral Therapy (CST) for the treatment of infantile colic. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This randomized controlled trial was conducted on 58 infants, aged 0-84 days, diagnosed with infantile colic. The babies received a 30-40 minute CST session once a week (experimental group) or no treatment (control group). Babies in the CST group received either 1, 2 or 3 CST sessions over a 14-day period. Data were collected at 4 different times over the 24-day period, day 0 (baseline), day 7, day 14 and day 24. Crying (prima...
Source: Complementary Therapies in Medicine - December 1, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Castejón-Castejón M, Murcia-González MA, Martínez Gil JL, Todri J, Suárez Rancel M, Lena O, Chillón-Martínez R Tags: Complement Ther Med Source Type: research

Effect of abdominal massage on constipation and quality of life in older adults: A randomized controlled trial.
This study aimed to examine the effects of abdominal massage on constipation management and quality of life. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this study conducted in a nursing home, 220 older adults (over 65 years old) were identified with constipation based on the Rome II Diagnostic Criteria for Constipation. This controlled trial using blocked randomization was stratified by sex and age and was conducted with 35 elderly participants, of which 17 formed the experimental group and were applied abdominal massage and 18 formed the untrained control group. The experimental group underwent abdominal massage training for eight wee...
Source: Complementary Therapies in Medicine - December 1, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Birimoglu Okuyan C, Bilgili N Tags: Complement Ther Med Source Type: research

Could complementary health approaches improve the symptom experience and outcomes of critically ill adults? A systematic review of randomized controlled trials.
CONCLUSIONS: Evidence suggests CHAs may reduce the symptom burden of critically ill adults. PMID: 31780011 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Complementary Therapies in Medicine)
Source: Complementary Therapies in Medicine - December 1, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Thrane SE, Hsieh K, Donahue P, Tan A, Exline MC, Balas MC Tags: Complement Ther Med Source Type: research

A randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled study of intranasal standardized cinnamon bark extract for seasonal allergic rhinitis.
CONCLUSION: The use of a nasal spray of a standardized extract of cinnamon bark (IND02) over seven days reduced symptom severity and improved quality of life, work productivity and regular daily activities in participants experiencing SAR. PMID: 31780001 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Complementary Therapies in Medicine)
Source: Complementary Therapies in Medicine - December 1, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Steels E, Steels E, Deshpande P, Thakurdesai P, Dighe S, Collet T Tags: Complement Ther Med Source Type: research

Examining the effect of "Shotblocker" in relieving pain associated with intramuscular injection.
This study was conducted in order to examine the effect of "Shotblocker" in relieving pain associated with intramuscular injection. The population of the study consisted of all the patients who were hospitalized in the hospital and received intramuscular diclomec treatment. In order to eliminate the individual pain differences, each patient constituted their own control group. Patient Information Form, Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), and Shotblocker were used to collect the data. Pain level of the patients was measured by using VAS within the first minute after the injection. The pain mean score of the patients was ...
Source: Complementary Therapies in Medicine - December 1, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Aydin E, Avşar G Tags: Complement Ther Med Source Type: research

Filiform needle acupuncture for copd: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: Results show that filiform needle acupuncture might be beneficial for COPD, but due to the low quality of the studies this should be confirmed by future well-designed trials. PROTOCOL REGISTRATION: PROSPERO (identifier: CRD42014015074). PMID: 31780020 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Complementary Therapies in Medicine)
Source: Complementary Therapies in Medicine - December 1, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Fernández-Jané C, Vilaró J, Fei Y, Wang C, Liu J, Huang N, Xia R, Tian X, Hu R, Yu M, Gómara-Toldrà N, Solà-Madurell M, Sitjà-Rabert M Tags: Complement Ther Med Source Type: research

Photobiomodulation in acceleration of orthodontic tooth movement: A systematic review and meta analysis.
CONCLUSION: Findings of the current systematic review suggest a possible benefit with photobiomodulation therapy and tooth movement in orthodontia. However these findings need to be further validated in larger trials using specific standardized characteristics of laser settings to uniform the methodological design that can be used in routine clinical practice. PMID: 31780019 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Complementary Therapies in Medicine)
Source: Complementary Therapies in Medicine - December 1, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: AlShahrani I, Togoo RA, Hosmani J, Alhaizaey A Tags: Complement Ther Med Source Type: research

A systematic review and meta-analysis on the efficacy and safety of traditional Chinese patent medicine Jinqi Jiangtang Tablet in the treatment of type 2 diabetes.
Abstract INTRODUCTION: At present, a large number of people in the world are suffering from type 2 diabetes (T2DM), so it is urgent to develop effective treatment measures of T2DM. In China, many clinical studies have shown that Jinqi Jiangtang Tablet (JQJTT), a traditional Chinese patent medicine (TCPM), has a good effect in the treatment of T2DM. This systematic review and meta-analysis is intended to assess the efficacy and safety of JQJTT plus conventional therapy in the treatment of T2DM. METHODS: Seven electronic databases were searched to include in eligible studies published from inception to May 24, ...
Source: Complementary Therapies in Medicine - December 1, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Gao H, Yang Y, Deng J, Liang J, Zhang W, Feng X Tags: Complement Ther Med Source Type: research

The effect of aromatherapy with lavender (Lavandula angustifolia) on serum melatonin levels.
CONCLUSION: Aromatherapy with lavender essential oil similarly favors an increase in blood melatonin levels in both older adult men and women. PMID: 31780012 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Complementary Therapies in Medicine)
Source: Complementary Therapies in Medicine - December 1, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Velasco-Rodríguez R, Pérez-Hernández MG, Maturano-Melgoza JA, Hilerio-López ÁG, Monroy-Rojas A, Arana-Gómez B, Vásquez C Tags: Complement Ther Med Source Type: research

Chinese herbal medicine therapy and the risk of overall mortality for patients with liver cancer who underwent surgical resection in Taiwan.
Abstract Liver cancer is the sixth most diagnosed cancer globally, and the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths. Surgical resection is a procedure performed to remove cancerous tissue from the liver. Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) is a complementary natural medicine system widely used for treatment of hepatic diseases in Asian countries. We investigated the effects on overall mortality of long-term use of CHM for treatment of patients with liver cancer who underwent surgical resection at the Taiwan Center for Medicine. We identified 1504 patients with liver cancer who underwent surgical resection. Of these...
Source: Complementary Therapies in Medicine - December 1, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Tsai FJ, Liu X, Chen CJ, Li TM, Chiou JS, Chuang PH, Ko CH, Lin TH, Liao CC, Huang SM, Liang WM, Lin YJ Tags: Complement Ther Med Source Type: research

Three-dimensional modeling and morphometric investigation of computed tomography images of brown bear's (Ursus arctos) ossa cruris (Zeugopodium).
This study was aimed to examine the detailed morphometrical and morphological characteristics of the bone by creating three-dimensional images through Multidetector Computed Tomography images of ossa cruris in brown bears. 4 brown bear ossa cruris were used in the study. It was observed that tibia and fibula articulated at proximal and distal epiphisys and they combined, and ossa cruris were shaped in this way. Cochlea tibiae were determined to be sagittally oriented. The length of the tibia was determined to be 268.97 mm ad 266.32 mm at right and left sides, respectively. The length of the fibula was determined to be 249....
Source: Folia Morphologica - November 30, 2019 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

OGDHL Expression as a Prognostic Biomarker for Liver Cancer Patients.
Conclusion: OGDHL has potential as a diagnostic and prognostic biomarker for liver cancer. PMID: 31781311 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Disease Markers)
Source: Disease Markers - November 30, 2019 Category: Laboratory Medicine Tags: Dis Markers Source Type: research

Determination of SIRT1 rs12778366, FGFR2 rs2981582, STAT3 rs744166, and RAGE rs1800625 Single Gene Polymorphisms in Patients with Laryngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma.
Authors: Uloza V, Tamauskaite T, Vilkeviciute A, Pasvenskaite A, Liutkevicius V, Liutkeviciene R Abstract Purpose: To determine the frequency of the genotype of signal transducer and activator of transcription protein 3 (STAT3) rs744166, sirtuin (SIRT1) rs12778366, fibroblast growth factor (FGFR2) rs2981582, and advanced glycosylation end product-specific receptor (RAGE) rs1800625 gene polymorphisms in patients with laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC). Methods: A total of 944 subjects were evaluated, which includes 144 patients with LSCC and 800 healthy controls. The genotyping of STAT3 rs744166, SIRT1 rs1...
Source: Disease Markers - November 30, 2019 Category: Laboratory Medicine Tags: Dis Markers Source Type: research

Prognostic Value of MicroRNAs in Patients after Myocardial Infarction: A Substudy of PRAGUE-18.
Conclusions: Statistically significant correlation was found between miR-1, miR-133a, and miR-499 and hsTnT, NT-proBNP, and LVEF. In addition, this analysis suggests that plasma levels of circulating miR-499 could contribute to the identification of patients at increased risk of death during the first year after AMI, especially when combined with NT-proBNP levels. PMID: 31781298 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Disease Markers)
Source: Disease Markers - November 30, 2019 Category: Laboratory Medicine Tags: Dis Markers Source Type: research

Therapeutic hypothermia and mortality in the intensive care unit: systematic review and meta-analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: This meta-analysis suggests that after decades of extensive research, TH has yet to show a beneficial effect on mortality across different critical care diseases. PMID: 31778636 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Critical Care and Resuscitation)
Source: Critical Care and Resuscitation - November 30, 2019 Category: Intensive Care Tags: Crit Care Resusc Source Type: research

Low tidal volume ventilation during anaesthesia for major surgery: protocol and statistical analysis plan.
CONCLUSIONS: This is the first well powered study comparing the effect of low tidal volume ventilation versus high tidal volume ventilation during surgery on the incidence of postoperative respiratory complications in adult patients receiving moderate levels of PEEP. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry (ACTRN12614000790640). PMID: 31778630 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Critical Care and Resuscitation)
Source: Critical Care and Resuscitation - November 30, 2019 Category: Intensive Care Tags: Crit Care Resusc Source Type: research

Cone beam CT and treatment decision of mandibular third molars: removal vs. coronectomy - a 3-year audit.
Authors: Matzen LH, Villefrance JS, Nørholt SE, Bak J, Wenzel A Abstract OBJECTIVE: to assess 1)the work-flow in the treatment decision process of mandibular third molars based on a panoramic image and CBCT and 2)the impact of radiographic markers in CBCT on the decision to perform coronectomy. METHODS: 1437 teeth in 917 patients (mean age 27.8 years, range 18-72) underwent clinical and panoramic examination. If there was an indication for removal of the tooth, and signs of a close relation to the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) were present in the panoramic image, a CBCT was performed. Treatment decision ...
Source: Dentomaxillofacial Radiology - November 30, 2019 Category: Radiology Tags: Dentomaxillofac Radiol Source Type: research

“When you have no water, it means you have no peace”: A mixed-methods, whole-population study of water insecurity and depression in rural Uganda
ConclusionsAmong men and women in rural Uganda, the association between water insecurity and depression symptom severity is statistically significant, substantive in magnitude, and robust to potential confounding. Data from the qualitative interviews provide key narratives that reveal the mechanisms through which women's lived experiences with water insecurity may lead to emotional distress. (Source: Social Science and Medicine)
Source: Social Science and Medicine - November 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Unilateral Levator Aponeurosis Excision for Marcus Gunn Syndrome and Risk Factors of Residual Jaw Winking.
Authors: Ning Q, Cao J, Xie J, Gao Q, Wang C, Ye J Abstract Purpose: To investigate the association of ptosis, levator, and jaw winking in Marcus Gunn jaw-winking synkinesis (MGJWS), and the risk factor of preservation and outcomes of the unilateral levator excision and frontalis suspension. Methods: Clinical features of MGJWS case series from 2011 to 2018 were retrospectively reviewed. Association between jaw winking and ptosis/levator function was statistically analyzed. The patients underwent unilateral levator excision and frontalis suspension using silicone rod or autogenous fascia lata. Clinical outcomes ...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - November 30, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Comparison of 9.0 and 9.2  mm Flap Diameter Options of Femtosecond Laser In-Situ Keratomileusis for Hypermetropia and Hypermetropic Astigmatism.
Comparison of 9.0 and 9.2 mm Flap Diameter Options of Femtosecond Laser In-Situ Keratomileusis for Hypermetropia and Hypermetropic Astigmatism. J Ophthalmol. 2019;2019:5907645 Authors: Ozulken K, Ilhan C Abstract Aim: To compare the postoperative one-year outcomes of asphericity (Q) and high order aberration (HOA) values of 9.0 and 9.2 mm diameter flap groups in hypermetropia and hypermetropic astigmatism subjects who underwent femtosecond laser in-situ keratomileusis (LASIK). Materials and Methods: The study included 68 eyes of 34 patients. A femtosecond laser platform (Allegrato Wav...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - November 30, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Phakic Posterior Chamber Intraocular Lens with a Central Hole in Treating Patients with Moderate to High Myopia: A Meta-Analysis.
Conclusions: Implanting ICL V4c in patients with moderate to high myopia is safe and effective. PMID: 31781381 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - November 30, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

An Alternative Psychophysical Diagnostic Indicator of the Aging Eye.
Conclusion: Photostress recovery of flicker sensitivity under mesopic conditions is a strong differentiator of aging macular function. This agrees with subject-reported complaints in reduced luminance conditions after exposure to bright lights such as night driving. The qualitative similarity between the aging retina and changes in early AMD suggests that flicker recovery following photostress may be useful as a surrogate endpoint in AMD clinical trials. PMID: 31781372 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - November 30, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Caring for Children in Immigrant Families: Are US Pediatricians Prepared?
Conclusions: One in three US pediatricians report being unprepared to care for children in immigrant families. Wider implementation of graduate and continuing medical education on immigrant child health is needed to ensure that practicing pediatricians have the appropriate skills and knowledge to care for this patient population. (Source: Academic Pediatrics)
Source: Academic Pediatrics - November 30, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Clinico-Epidemiological Profile of Children Orphaned due to AIDS Residing in Care Giving Institutions in Coastal South India.
Conclusion: From our study we draw conclusion that even though the children orphaned due to AIDS are rehabilitated in terms of having shelter and provision of education and health care, much needs to be done in terms of improving the nutritional status of these children and alleviating the discriminatory attitude of the society towards them. PMID: 31781388 [PubMed] (Source: AIDS Research and Treatment)
Source: AIDS Research and Treatment - November 30, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: AIDS Res Treat Source Type: research

Seizure outcome and prognostic factors for surgical management of hypothalamic hamartomas in children
ConclusionPatients with HH and drug-resistant epilepsy should be early identified in order to propose surgical treatment without delay. Endoscopic disconnection is a safe and efficacious surgical option with good seizure outcome and immediate treatment results. (Source: Seizure)
Source: Seizure - November 30, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Unmet needs influence health-related quality of life in people with multiple sclerosis
Publication date: Available online 29 November 2019Source: Multiple Sclerosis and Related DisordersAuthor(s): Michela Ponzio, Andrea Tacchino, Concetta Vaccaro, Silvia Traversa, Giampaolo Brichetto, Mario Alberto Battaglia, Michele Messmer UccelliAbstractBackgroundPeople with MS are a heterogeneous population with varying difficulties and needs that are influenced by the individual experience of the disease, symptoms and disease course. The aim of the present study was to identify factors that influence health-related quality of life in a sample of subjects with MS, specifically health and social care-related needs and dem...
Source: Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders - November 30, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Outcome of Early-Stage Glottic Laryngeal Carcinoma Patients Treated with Radical Radiotherapy Using Different Techniques.
Conclusion: In early-stage laryngeal carcinomas, radical RT is a function sparing and effective treatment modality, regardless of treatment techniques. PMID: 31781218 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Oncology)
Source: Journal of Oncology - November 30, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J Oncol Source Type: research

Evaluation of PCR assays for direct screening of Carbapenemase-Producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) from rectal swabs: a diagnostic meta-analysis
ConclusionsMolecular techniques seem to be a useful accurate diagnostic tool in screening for carriage of CPE in contact patients around a fortuitous discovery of a non-isolated hospitalized carrier patient. (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - November 30, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

A Cascaded Convolutional Neural Network for Assessing Signal Quality of Dynamic ECG.
Authors: Zhang Q, Fu L, Gu L Abstract Motion artifacts and myoelectrical noise are common issues complicating the collection and processing of dynamic electrocardiogram (ECG) signals. Recent signal quality studies have utilized a binary classification metric in which ECG samples are determined to either be clean or noisy. However, the clinical use of dynamic ECGs requires specific noise level classification for varying applications. Conventional signal processing methods, including waveform discrimination, are limited in their ability to remove motion artifacts and myoelectrical noise from dynamic ECGs. As such, a ...
Source: Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine - November 30, 2019 Category: Statistics Tags: Comput Math Methods Med Source Type: research

Resting-State Functional Network Scale Effects and Statistical Significance-Based Feature Selection in Machine Learning Classification.
This study used five scale parcellations, involving 90, 256, 497, 1003, and 1501 nodes. Three local properties of resting-state functional brain networks were selected (degree, betweenness centrality, and nodal efficiency), and the support vector machine method was used to construct classifiers to identify patients with major depressive disorder. We analyzed the impact of the five scales on classification accuracy. In addition, the effectiveness and redundancy of features obtained by the different scale parcellations were compared. Finally, traditional statistical significance (P value) was verified as a feature selection ...
Source: Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine - November 30, 2019 Category: Statistics Tags: Comput Math Methods Med Source Type: research

Complications associated with orthognathic surgery: a retrospective study of 485 cases
This study was a retrospective investigation of records of 485 patients who underwent orthognathic surgery between 2008 and 2014 at the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Service at the Federal University of Paraná, Curitiba, Brazil. Types of complications were recorded. Independent variables such as sex, age, duration of surgery and hospitalization, number of surgeries, surgical site, and types of osteotomy performed were evaluated. Complications were also evaluated based on the treatment according to the Clavien−Dindo Classification. Data were submitted to statistical analysis with a significance level of 0.05.R...
Source: Journal of Cranio Maxillofacial Surgery - November 30, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Relationship between progression of type 2 diabetes mellitus and olfactory function
ConclusionsThis study revealed that in odor test classification, statistically significant difference was not detected between the patients with complications (nephropathy, retinopathy, and microalbuminuria) and the patients without complications. (Source: American Journal of Otolaryngology)
Source: American Journal of Otolaryngology - November 30, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Health literacy among Iranian adults: findings from a nationwide population-based survey in 2015.
This study aimed to determine the level of health literacy among the general adult population in the Islamic Republic of Iran. Methods: Using a cross-sectional study during 2014-2015 with a multistage cluster sampling approach, we administered a pilot-tested standardized questionnaire to assess different domains of health literacy (i.e., reading, comprehension, communication/decision-making and Interpretation/judgment skills, individual and social empowerment, health information access and health information use) among 8439 (3935 males) individuals aged 18-60 years. Data were collected through face-to-face interviews. ...
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - November 30, 2019 Category: Middle East Health Tags: East Mediterr Health J Source Type: research

Determinants of over and underuse of caesarean births in the Eastern Mediterranean Region: an updated review.
Conclusion: A multidimensional approach is required to explore these determinants to optimize the Regional caesarean birth rate. Further qualitative studies are needed to investigate how these factors affect choice of birthing process in specific cultural settings in the Region. PMID: 31782521 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - November 30, 2019 Category: Middle East Health Tags: East Mediterr Health J Source Type: research

Validation study of the Arabic version of the Brief Fatigue Inventory (BFI-A).
This study aimed to translate and validate the Arabic version of the Brief Fatigue Inventory (BFI-A). Methods: The BFI was translated into Arabic using the forward-backward translation technique. This cross-sectional study collected data from cancer patients through a self-administered questionnaire that included the BFI-A, Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), Zung Depression Scale (ZDS), MD Anderson Symptom Inventory total score (MDASI), and Medical Outcome Study Short Form 36 (SF-36) Vitality Subscale. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used including mean, standard deviation, internal consistency, and correlation...
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - November 30, 2019 Category: Middle East Health Tags: East Mediterr Health J Source Type: research

Psychosocial factors of deliberate self-harm in Afghanistan: a hospital based, matched case-control study.
Conclusions: In Afghanistan, deliberate self-harm appears to be predominately related to interpersonal problems and family conflicts. About two-thirds of females and more than half of males scored positive for depression, yet none were receiving treatment for this. These findings have important policy implications for mental health and suicide prevention programmes in the country. PMID: 31782516 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - November 30, 2019 Category: Middle East Health Tags: East Mediterr Health J Source Type: research

Health-related quality of life in informal settlements in Kermanshah, Islamic Republic of Iran: role of poverty and perception of family socioeconomic status.
This study aimed to assess the relationship between urban poverty and perception of family socioeconomic status, and health-related quality of life in residents of informal settlements. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 432 residents of two neighbourhoods of informal settlements in Kermanshah in 2015. To measure poverty, the 16 indicators of 2011 Iranian census were used. The neighbourhoods were classified into three groups: high poverty (9.3%), middle poverty (49.2%) and low poverty (41.5%) levels. Health-related quality of life was assessed with the SF-36 questionnaire. The Pearson correlation coef...
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - November 30, 2019 Category: Middle East Health Tags: East Mediterr Health J Source Type: research

Effect of the aging of titanium and zirconia abutment surfaces on the viability, adhesion, and proliferation of cells and the adhesion of microorganisms
Publication date: December 2019Source: The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry, Volume 122, Issue 6Author(s): Maria Sílvia Maurício Rigolin, Paula Aboud Barbugli, Janaina Habib Jorge, Marina Rosa Delgado Reis, Gelson Luis Adabo, Luciana Assirati Casemiro, Carlos Henrique Gomes Martins, Omar José de Lima, Francisco de Assis Mollo JuniorAbstractStatement of problemThe longevity of dental implants depends on the maintenance of peri-implant tissue and absence of inflammation. How the physical-chemical properties intrinsic to each material over time can affect adhesion, given constant cell turnover and biofilm ...
Source: The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry - November 30, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Knowledge of Sexually Transmitted Infections amongst Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Clinics in West Coast Region of The Gambia.
This study assessed the knowledge of STIs and its associated factors amongst pregnant women attending antenatal clinics in West Coast region of The Gambia. A descriptive cross-sectional study design was used. Two hundred and eighty pregnant women attending antenatal care in Brikama District Hospital, Brikama, and Bandung Maternity and Child Health Hospital, Bandung, who gave their consent, participated in this study. The instrument for data collection was an interviewer administered questionnaire. Data was analyzed using IBM SPSS for Windows, version 21.0. Level of significance was set at p
Source: African Journal of Reproductive Health - November 30, 2019 Category: African Health Tags: Afr J Reprod Health Source Type: research

Outcome of Pregnancy in Saudi Women with Sickle Cell Disease Attending the Tertiary Care University Hospital in Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia.
This study was carried out to compare the fetomaternal outcome in patients with SCD with those without SCD. This was a retrospective cohort study done in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia in a tertiary care, teaching hospital, by retrieving the data through the code ICD-9 for SCD, the control group was also selected with comparable characteristics. A total of 302 SCD pregnant patients were included for comparison with 600 pregnant women without SCD as control, during the period of Jan 1, 2008 to December 31, 2018. After the data retrieval, percentages of complications were calculated between the study and control groups...
Source: African Journal of Reproductive Health - November 30, 2019 Category: African Health Tags: Afr J Reprod Health Source Type: research

Trends in Contraceptive Prevalence in Sub-Saharan Africa: The Roles of Family Planning Programs and Education.
This study aims to shed light on the causes of these different trends which remain controversial. We assess the role of family planning programs vs. socioeconomic development (especially, women's educational attainment). Estimates of the effects of different explanatory factors are obtained by country level regressions in which the prevalence of modern contraception is the dependent variable and women's educational attainment, Gross National Income (GNI) per capita, percent urban and child mortality as well as the family planning program score are the independent variables. The statistical analysis finds no significant eff...
Source: African Journal of Reproductive Health - November 30, 2019 Category: African Health Tags: Afr J Reprod Health Source Type: research

A meta-analysis approach for estimating average unit costs for ART using pooled facility-level primary data from African countries.
Conclusion: Our approach allowed us to explore unit cost variation across contexts by pooling ART costs from multiple sources. Our research provides an example of how to estimate costs based on heterogeneous sources reconciling methodological differences across studies and contributes by giving an example on how to estimate costs based on heterogeneous sources of data. Also, our study provides additional information on costs for funders, policy-makers, and decision-makers in the process of designing or scaling-up HIV interventions. PMID: 31779577 [PubMed - in process] (Source: African Journal of AIDS Research)
Source: African Journal of AIDS Research - November 30, 2019 Category: African Health Tags: Afr J AIDS Res Source Type: research

Meta-analysis of average costs of HIV testing and counselling and voluntary medical male circumcision across thirteen countries.
Authors: Pineda-Antunez C, Martinez-Silva G, Cerecero-Garcia D, Alexander L, Cameron DB, Chiwevu C, Dandona L, Obure CD, Forsythe S, Nguyen VT, Settumba S, Tchuenche M, Van Minh H, Kahn JG, Gomez G, Sweeney S, Vassall A, Bollinger L, Levin C, Bautista-Arredondo S Abstract Objective: Explore facility-level average costs per client of HIV testing and counselling (HTC) and voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) services in 13 countries.Methods: Through a literature search we identified studies that reported facility-level costs of HTC or VMMC programmes. We requested the primary data from authors and standardised ...
Source: African Journal of AIDS Research - November 30, 2019 Category: African Health Tags: Afr J AIDS Res Source Type: research

The costs of home-based HIV testing and counselling in sub-Saharan Africa and its association with testing yield: a literature review.
Authors: Hauck K Abstract More than 14.5 of the 36.7 million people living with HIV globally do not know their HIV status, making comprehensive testing interventions a critical step in ending the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Home-based testing and counselling (HBTC) involves small teams of community health workers with basic training going from door-to-door and offering services in people's homes. HBTC is effective in reaching individuals that are unlikely to test otherwise, but there is conflicting evidence on its costs and little insight into why estimates are different. We undertook a comparative review of existing costin...
Source: African Journal of AIDS Research - November 30, 2019 Category: African Health Tags: Afr J AIDS Res Source Type: research

The Association of Childhood Experience of Peer Bullying with DSM-IV Psychiatric Disorders and Suicidality in Adults: Results from a Nationwide Survey in Korea.
CONCLUSION: Childhood bullying experience was associated with adult psychiatric disorders and suicidality. The findings indicated the importance of the early detection and management of childhood peer bullying to reduce detrimental adulthood consequences. PMID: 31779057 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science)
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - November 30, 2019 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Comparison of two therapeutic approaches for the management of ventilator-associated pneumonia due to multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter: a randomized clinical trial study.
Authors: Khorvash F, Yaghoubi S, Farsaei S, Ataei B, Hakamifard A, Mohajeri F, Gudarzi M Abstract Management of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a puzzling issue for infectious disease specialist. The present clinical trial study was aimed to comparing the effects of injectable colistin plus nebulized colistin and injectable colistin plus nebulized tobramycin on management of patients with VAP due to multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter. VAP patients were randomly divided into two groups (n = 30/each): Group 1 - patients that received intravenous (IV) meropenem, injectable colistin plus nebulized colistin...
Source: Journal of Immunoassay and Immunochemistry - November 30, 2019 Category: Biochemistry Tags: J Immunoassay Immunochem Source Type: research