Out of the night-time and into the day: Ketamine and MDMA as therapies for mental disorders
Aust N Z J Psychiatry. 2021 Aug;55(8):741-743. doi: 10.1177/00048674211032112.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34311555 | DOI:10.1177/00048674211032112 (Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - July 27, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Christopher G Davey Source Type: research

Diagnostic overlap: Complex post-traumatic stress disorder and borderline personality disorder
Aust N Z J Psychiatry. 2021 Jul 27:48674211034730. doi: 10.1177/00048674211034730. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34313141 | DOI:10.1177/00048674211034730 (Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - July 27, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: David Lin Jayashri Kulkarni Source Type: research

Traditionalism vs egalitarianism: Is there an association between gender attitudes and mental health?
CONCLUSIONS: For both men and women, egalitarian gender attitudes were associated with better mental health.PMID:34313142 | DOI:10.1177/00048674211031488 (Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - July 27, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tania King Francisco Perales Ankur Singh Lyle Gurrin Bradley Crammond Source Type: research

Association between COVID-19 and inpatient self-harm
Aust N Z J Psychiatry. 2021 Jul 27:48674211034305. doi: 10.1177/00048674211034305. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34313145 | DOI:10.1177/00048674211034305 (Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - July 27, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Andrew C Page Geoff R Hooke Karen M Sinel Source Type: research

Psychological distress, loneliness, alcohol use and suicidality in New Zealanders with mental illness during a strict COVID-19 lockdown
CONCLUSION: During the COVID-19 lockdown in New Zealand, people with a previous diagnosis of a mental illness were at increased risk of detrimental psychological outcomes. This highlights the importance of recognising this and the challenges people face in pandemics.PMID:34313158 | DOI:10.1177/00048674211034317 (Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - July 27, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Caroline Bell Jonathan Williman Ben Beaglehole James Stanley Matthew Jenkins Philip Gendall Charlene Rapsey Susanna Every-Palmer Source Type: research

Dietary patterns and internalizing symptoms in children and adolescents: A meta-analysis
Aust N Z J Psychiatry. 2021 Jul 27:48674211031486. doi: 10.1177/00048674211031486. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTCONTEXT: Studies of child and adolescent internalizing symptoms and dietary pattern have produced mixed results.OBJECTIVES: To quantify the association between dietary patterns and internalizing symptoms, including depression, in children and adolescents.DATA SOURCES: Embase, PsycINFO, MEDLINE, Web of Science and Cochrane up to March 2021.STUDY SELECTION: Observational studies and randomized controlled trials with mean age ⩽ 18 years, reporting associations between diet patterns and internalizing symptoms.DATA...
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - July 27, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Laura Orlando Katarina A Savel Sheri Madigan Marlena Colasanto Daphne J Korczak Source Type: research

Characteristics and treatment outcome of suicidal depression: Two large naturalistic cohorts of depressed outpatients
Aust N Z J Psychiatry. 2021 Jul 20:48674211025697. doi: 10.1177/00048674211025697. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVE: The emergence of new drugs for managing suicidal ideation (e.g. ketamine) raises the question of whether suicidal depression (i.e. moderate to severe depression with concomitant suicidal ideation) is a specific depression phenotype. Therefore, this study characterized patients with suicidal depression (baseline clinical characteristics, suicidal ideation and depression evolutions, suicide risk) in two large cohorts of outpatients with depression.METHODS: LUEUR and GENESE are two large, prospective, na...
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - July 20, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: B énédicte Nobile Emilie Oli é Jonathan Dubois Sebastien Guillaume Philip Gorwood Philippe Courtet Source Type: research

Characteristics and treatment outcome of suicidal depression: Two large naturalistic cohorts of depressed outpatients
Aust N Z J Psychiatry. 2021 Jul 20:48674211025697. doi: 10.1177/00048674211025697. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVE: The emergence of new drugs for managing suicidal ideation (e.g. ketamine) raises the question of whether suicidal depression (i.e. moderate to severe depression with concomitant suicidal ideation) is a specific depression phenotype. Therefore, this study characterized patients with suicidal depression (baseline clinical characteristics, suicidal ideation and depression evolutions, suicide risk) in two large cohorts of outpatients with depression.METHODS: LUEUR and GENESE are two large, prospective, na...
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - July 20, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: B énédicte Nobile Emilie Oli é Jonathan Dubois Sebastien Guillaume Philip Gorwood Philippe Courtet Source Type: research

Characteristics and treatment outcome of suicidal depression: Two large naturalistic cohorts of depressed outpatients
Aust N Z J Psychiatry. 2021 Jul 20:48674211025697. doi: 10.1177/00048674211025697. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVE: The emergence of new drugs for managing suicidal ideation (e.g. ketamine) raises the question of whether suicidal depression (i.e. moderate to severe depression with concomitant suicidal ideation) is a specific depression phenotype. Therefore, this study characterized patients with suicidal depression (baseline clinical characteristics, suicidal ideation and depression evolutions, suicide risk) in two large cohorts of outpatients with depression.METHODS: LUEUR and GENESE are two large, prospective, na...
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - July 20, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: B énédicte Nobile Emilie Oli é Jonathan Dubois Sebastien Guillaume Philip Gorwood Philippe Courtet Source Type: research

Characteristics and treatment outcome of suicidal depression: Two large naturalistic cohorts of depressed outpatients
Aust N Z J Psychiatry. 2021 Jul 20:48674211025697. doi: 10.1177/00048674211025697. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVE: The emergence of new drugs for managing suicidal ideation (e.g. ketamine) raises the question of whether suicidal depression (i.e. moderate to severe depression with concomitant suicidal ideation) is a specific depression phenotype. Therefore, this study characterized patients with suicidal depression (baseline clinical characteristics, suicidal ideation and depression evolutions, suicide risk) in two large cohorts of outpatients with depression.METHODS: LUEUR and GENESE are two large, prospective, na...
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - July 20, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: B énédicte Nobile Emilie Oli é Jonathan Dubois Sebastien Guillaume Philip Gorwood Philippe Courtet Source Type: research

Characteristics and treatment outcome of suicidal depression: Two large naturalistic cohorts of depressed outpatients
Aust N Z J Psychiatry. 2021 Jul 20:48674211025697. doi: 10.1177/00048674211025697. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVE: The emergence of new drugs for managing suicidal ideation (e.g. ketamine) raises the question of whether suicidal depression (i.e. moderate to severe depression with concomitant suicidal ideation) is a specific depression phenotype. Therefore, this study characterized patients with suicidal depression (baseline clinical characteristics, suicidal ideation and depression evolutions, suicide risk) in two large cohorts of outpatients with depression.METHODS: LUEUR and GENESE are two large, prospective, na...
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - July 20, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: B énédicte Nobile Emilie Oli é Jonathan Dubois Sebastien Guillaume Philip Gorwood Philippe Courtet Source Type: research

Characteristics and treatment outcome of suicidal depression: Two large naturalistic cohorts of depressed outpatients
Aust N Z J Psychiatry. 2021 Jul 20:48674211025697. doi: 10.1177/00048674211025697. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVE: The emergence of new drugs for managing suicidal ideation (e.g. ketamine) raises the question of whether suicidal depression (i.e. moderate to severe depression with concomitant suicidal ideation) is a specific depression phenotype. Therefore, this study characterized patients with suicidal depression (baseline clinical characteristics, suicidal ideation and depression evolutions, suicide risk) in two large cohorts of outpatients with depression.METHODS: LUEUR and GENESE are two large, prospective, na...
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - July 20, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: B énédicte Nobile Emilie Oli é Jonathan Dubois Sebastien Guillaume Philip Gorwood Philippe Courtet Source Type: research

Systematic review of the effects of evidence-based psychotherapies on neurocognitive functioning in mood disorders
CONCLUSION: Findings from the current review suggest that evidence-based psychotherapies may influence some aspects of neurocognitive functioning in mood disorders. This continues to be an ongoing area of importance and warrants further research.PMID:34278831 | DOI:10.1177/00048674211031479 (Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - July 19, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Samantha J Groves Katie M Douglas Melissa Milanovic Christopher R Bowie Richard J Porter Source Type: research

Development of a suspicion index for secondary schizophrenia using the Delphi method
CONCLUSION: Our final outcome was the Secondary Schizophrenia Suspicion Index, the first paper-based and reliable algorithm to discriminate secondary schizophrenia spectrum disorders from schizophrenia spectrum disorders with the potential to help improve the detection of secondary schizophrenia spectrum disorder cases in clinical practice.PMID:34266301 | DOI:10.1177/00048674211025715 (Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - July 16, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Olivier Bonnot Jose Luis Insua Mark Walterfang Juan Vincente Torres Stefan Armin Kolb Source Type: research

Genetic risk for chronic pain is associated with lower antidepressant effectiveness: Converging evidence for a depression subtype
CONCLUSION: These results suggest genetic risk for chronic pain accounted for poorer antidepressant effectiveness, independent of the genetic risk for major depression. Our results, along with independent converging evidence from other studies, point towards a difficult-to-treat depression subtype characterised by comorbid chronic pain. This finding warrants further investigation into the implications for biologically based nosology frameworks in pain medicine and psychiatry.PMID:34266302 | DOI:10.1177/00048674211031491 (Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - July 16, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Adri án I Campos Trung Thanh Ngo Sarah E Medland Naomi R Wray Ian B Hickie Enda M Byrne Nicholas G Martin Miguel E Renter ía Source Type: research

Development of a suspicion index for secondary schizophrenia using the Delphi method
CONCLUSION: Our final outcome was the Secondary Schizophrenia Suspicion Index, the first paper-based and reliable algorithm to discriminate secondary schizophrenia spectrum disorders from schizophrenia spectrum disorders with the potential to help improve the detection of secondary schizophrenia spectrum disorder cases in clinical practice.PMID:34266301 | DOI:10.1177/00048674211025715 (Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - July 16, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Olivier Bonnot Jose Luis Insua Mark Walterfang Juan Vincente Torres Stefan Armin Kolb Source Type: research

Genetic risk for chronic pain is associated with lower antidepressant effectiveness: Converging evidence for a depression subtype
CONCLUSION: These results suggest genetic risk for chronic pain accounted for poorer antidepressant effectiveness, independent of the genetic risk for major depression. Our results, along with independent converging evidence from other studies, point towards a difficult-to-treat depression subtype characterised by comorbid chronic pain. This finding warrants further investigation into the implications for biologically based nosology frameworks in pain medicine and psychiatry.PMID:34266302 | DOI:10.1177/00048674211031491 (Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - July 16, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Adri án I Campos Trung Thanh Ngo Sarah E Medland Naomi R Wray Ian B Hickie Enda M Byrne Nicholas G Martin Miguel E Renter ía Source Type: research

Development of a suspicion index for secondary schizophrenia using the Delphi method
CONCLUSION: Our final outcome was the Secondary Schizophrenia Suspicion Index, the first paper-based and reliable algorithm to discriminate secondary schizophrenia spectrum disorders from schizophrenia spectrum disorders with the potential to help improve the detection of secondary schizophrenia spectrum disorder cases in clinical practice.PMID:34266301 | DOI:10.1177/00048674211025715 (Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - July 16, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Olivier Bonnot Jose Luis Insua Mark Walterfang Juan Vincente Torres Stefan Armin Kolb Source Type: research

Genetic risk for chronic pain is associated with lower antidepressant effectiveness: Converging evidence for a depression subtype
CONCLUSION: These results suggest genetic risk for chronic pain accounted for poorer antidepressant effectiveness, independent of the genetic risk for major depression. Our results, along with independent converging evidence from other studies, point towards a difficult-to-treat depression subtype characterised by comorbid chronic pain. This finding warrants further investigation into the implications for biologically based nosology frameworks in pain medicine and psychiatry.PMID:34266302 | DOI:10.1177/00048674211031491 (Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - July 16, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Adri án I Campos Trung Thanh Ngo Sarah E Medland Naomi R Wray Ian B Hickie Enda M Byrne Nicholas G Martin Miguel E Renter ía Source Type: research

Development of a suspicion index for secondary schizophrenia using the Delphi method
CONCLUSION: Our final outcome was the Secondary Schizophrenia Suspicion Index, the first paper-based and reliable algorithm to discriminate secondary schizophrenia spectrum disorders from schizophrenia spectrum disorders with the potential to help improve the detection of secondary schizophrenia spectrum disorder cases in clinical practice.PMID:34266301 | DOI:10.1177/00048674211025715 (Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - July 16, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Olivier Bonnot Jose Luis Insua Mark Walterfang Juan Vincente Torres Stefan Armin Kolb Source Type: research

Genetic risk for chronic pain is associated with lower antidepressant effectiveness: Converging evidence for a depression subtype
CONCLUSION: These results suggest genetic risk for chronic pain accounted for poorer antidepressant effectiveness, independent of the genetic risk for major depression. Our results, along with independent converging evidence from other studies, point towards a difficult-to-treat depression subtype characterised by comorbid chronic pain. This finding warrants further investigation into the implications for biologically based nosology frameworks in pain medicine and psychiatry.PMID:34266302 | DOI:10.1177/00048674211031491 (Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - July 16, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Adri án I Campos Trung Thanh Ngo Sarah E Medland Naomi R Wray Ian B Hickie Enda M Byrne Nicholas G Martin Miguel E Renter ía Source Type: research

Deep brain stimulation for treatment-refractory obsessive-compulsive disorder should be an accepted therapy in Australia
Aust N Z J Psychiatry. 2021 Jul 15:48674211031482. doi: 10.1177/00048674211031482. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTDeep brain stimulation has shown promise for the treatment of severe, treatment-refractory obsessive-compulsive disorder. With the recent publication of the first Australian, randomised, sham-controlled trial of deep brain stimulation for obsessive-compulsive disorder, there are now four placebo-controlled trials demonstrating the efficacy of this therapy. Together with recent data identifying a biological substrate of effective stimulation that can predict response and that has been successfully reproduced, stu...
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - July 15, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Philip E Mosley Dennis Velakoulis Sarah Farrand Rodney Marsh Adith Mohan David Castle Perminder S Sachdev Source Type: research

The mediating effect of brain-derived neurotrophic factor levels on childhood trauma and psychiatric symptoms in patients with first-episode schizophrenia
CONCLUSION: Childhood trauma might contribute to the clinical symptoms of schizophrenia by affecting brain-derived neurotrophic factor levels. Perhaps we can prevent schizophrenia by reducing childhood traumatic experiences.PMID:34263656 | DOI:10.1177/00048674211031478 (Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - July 15, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Leilei Wang Yi Yin Yanfang Zhou Junchao Huang Ping Zhang Song Chen Hongzhen Fan Yimin Cui Xingguang Luo Shuping Tan Zhiren Wang Chiang-Shan R Li Baopeng Tian Li Tian L Elliot Hong Yunlong Tan Source Type: research

Culturally competent, safe and equitable clinical care for Ma ¯ori with bipolar disorder in New Zealand: The expert critique of Ma¯ori patients and Wha¯nau
CONCLUSION: The standard of clinical care for Māori with bipolar disorder in New Zealand does not align with practice guidelines, Māori models of health or clinical frameworks designed to inform treatment and address systemic barriers to equity. Research also needs to explore the role of structural and organisational features of the health system on Māori patient and whānau experiences of care.PMID:34263663 | DOI:10.1177/00048674211031490 (Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - July 15, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tracy Haitana Suzanne Pitama Donna Cormack Mau Te Rangimarie Clark Cameron Lacey Source Type: research

The health service contact patterns of people with psychotic and non-psychotic forms of severe mental illness in New South Wales, Australia: A record-linkage study
CONCLUSION: Findings from this study support the need for (a) the development of processes to support the physical health of people with severe mental illness, including those without psychosis; (b) a focus in mental health policy and service provision on people with complex support needs, and (c) improved implementation and testing of integrated models of care to improve health outcomes for all people experiencing severe mental illness.PMID:34256621 | DOI:10.1177/00048674211031483 (Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - July 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Rachael C Cvejic Preeyaporn Srasuebkul Adrian R Walker Simone Reppermund Julia M Lappin Jackie Curtis Katherine Samaras Kimberlie Dean Philip Ward Julian N Trollor Source Type: research

Distinguishing multimodal versus multisensory hallucinations in psychosis: Key definitions and a way forward
Aust N Z J Psychiatry. 2021 Jul 13:48674211031455. doi: 10.1177/00048674211031455. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe study of hallucinations across multiple senses in psychosis has garnered renewed interest. Recent studies have adopted the term multimodal hallucinations to describe these experiences, yet some appear to be investigating a different, but related, phenomenon. In the current paper, we suggest use of the terms multimodal hallucinations and multisensory hallucinations to categorise distinct events that involve unusual sensory experiences across multiple domains. We propose that the constructs of temporality and ...
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - July 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Wei Lin Toh Mikaela Bere Susan L Rossell Source Type: research

Discrimination experienced by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander males in Australia: Associations with suicidal thoughts and depressive symptoms
The objectives of this paper were to estimate the prevalence of discrimination among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander males in Australia and to examine the role of discrimination in the association between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander status and suicidal thoughts and depressive symptoms.METHODS: We used cross-sectional data on 13,697 males aged 18-55 years from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Male Health. We undertook a Poisson regression with robust standard error analyses to examine Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander status and self-perceived exposure to discrimination in the past 2 years as correla...
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - July 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tilahun Haregu Anthony F Jorm Yin Paradies Bernard Leckning Jesse T Young Gregory Armstrong Source Type: research

COVID-19 and loneliness: A rapid systematic review
CONCLUSION: To our knowledge, this is the first systematic review of research investigating loneliness during the current COVID-19 pandemic in the general adult population. Despite the inconsistencies evident in some of the results across the studies, it is clearly apparent that loneliness is having an impact on the mental health and wellbeing of the general adult population. Furthermore, it is apparent that the current COVID-19 pandemic has had an impact on loneliness in the general adult population and that loneliness is significantly positively associated with mental illness symptomatology. Thus, there is an imperative ...
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - July 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Nagesh Pai Shae-Leigh Vella Source Type: research

The Productivity Commission inquiry into mental health
Aust N Z J Psychiatry. 2021 Jul 14:48674211031159. doi: 10.1177/00048674211031159. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe report of the Productivity Commission Inquiry into mental health was released in November 2020, estimating the economic cost of mental illness in Australia at over $200 billion a year. The report makes wide-ranging recommendations for improving the mental health of the population, reforming the mental health treatment system, and in the way mental health is managed in other sectors of society.PMID:34259051 | DOI:10.1177/00048674211031159 (Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - July 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Harvey Whiteford Source Type: research

Prevalence of antidepressant use and unmedicated depression in pregnant New Zealand women
CONCLUSIONS: Antenatal antidepressant use in New Zealand follows global prevalence estimates and highlights possible undertreatment of antenatal depression in New Zealand. Future research including other treatment types (e.g. behavioural therapy) is needed to evaluate whether undertreatment occurs across all treatment options.PMID:34260316 | DOI:10.1177/00048674211025699 (Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - July 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Charlotte A Svardal Karen Waldie Barry Milne Susan Mb Morton Stephanie D'Souza Source Type: research

The health service contact patterns of people with psychotic and non-psychotic forms of severe mental illness in New South Wales, Australia: A record-linkage study
CONCLUSION: Findings from this study support the need for (a) the development of processes to support the physical health of people with severe mental illness, including those without psychosis; (b) a focus in mental health policy and service provision on people with complex support needs, and (c) improved implementation and testing of integrated models of care to improve health outcomes for all people experiencing severe mental illness.PMID:34256621 | DOI:10.1177/00048674211031483 (Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - July 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Rachael C Cvejic Preeyaporn Srasuebkul Adrian R Walker Simone Reppermund Julia M Lappin Jackie Curtis Katherine Samaras Kimberlie Dean Philip Ward Julian N Trollor Source Type: research

Distinguishing multimodal versus multisensory hallucinations in psychosis: Key definitions and a way forward
Aust N Z J Psychiatry. 2021 Jul 13:48674211031455. doi: 10.1177/00048674211031455. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe study of hallucinations across multiple senses in psychosis has garnered renewed interest. Recent studies have adopted the term multimodal hallucinations to describe these experiences, yet some appear to be investigating a different, but related, phenomenon. In the current paper, we suggest use of the terms multimodal hallucinations and multisensory hallucinations to categorise distinct events that involve unusual sensory experiences across multiple domains. We propose that the constructs of temporality and ...
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - July 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Wei Lin Toh Mikaela Bere Susan L Rossell Source Type: research

Discrimination experienced by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander males in Australia: Associations with suicidal thoughts and depressive symptoms
The objectives of this paper were to estimate the prevalence of discrimination among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander males in Australia and to examine the role of discrimination in the association between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander status and suicidal thoughts and depressive symptoms.METHODS: We used cross-sectional data on 13,697 males aged 18-55 years from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Male Health. We undertook a Poisson regression with robust standard error analyses to examine Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander status and self-perceived exposure to discrimination in the past 2 years as correla...
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - July 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tilahun Haregu Anthony F Jorm Yin Paradies Bernard Leckning Jesse T Young Gregory Armstrong Source Type: research

COVID-19 and loneliness: A rapid systematic review
CONCLUSION: To our knowledge, this is the first systematic review of research investigating loneliness during the current COVID-19 pandemic in the general adult population. Despite the inconsistencies evident in some of the results across the studies, it is clearly apparent that loneliness is having an impact on the mental health and wellbeing of the general adult population. Furthermore, it is apparent that the current COVID-19 pandemic has had an impact on loneliness in the general adult population and that loneliness is significantly positively associated with mental illness symptomatology. Thus, there is an imperative ...
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - July 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Nagesh Pai Shae-Leigh Vella Source Type: research

The Productivity Commission inquiry into mental health
Aust N Z J Psychiatry. 2021 Jul 14:48674211031159. doi: 10.1177/00048674211031159. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe report of the Productivity Commission Inquiry into mental health was released in November 2020, estimating the economic cost of mental illness in Australia at over $200 billion a year. The report makes wide-ranging recommendations for improving the mental health of the population, reforming the mental health treatment system, and in the way mental health is managed in other sectors of society.PMID:34259051 | DOI:10.1177/00048674211031159 (Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - July 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Harvey Whiteford Source Type: research

Prevalence of antidepressant use and unmedicated depression in pregnant New Zealand women
CONCLUSIONS: Antenatal antidepressant use in New Zealand follows global prevalence estimates and highlights possible undertreatment of antenatal depression in New Zealand. Future research including other treatment types (e.g. behavioural therapy) is needed to evaluate whether undertreatment occurs across all treatment options.PMID:34260316 | DOI:10.1177/00048674211025699 (Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - July 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Charlotte A Svardal Karen Waldie Barry Milne Susan Mb Morton Stephanie D'Souza Source Type: research

Sexual violence within mental health units: The forgotten fight?
Aust N Z J Psychiatry. 2021 Jul 13:48674211025708. doi: 10.1177/00048674211025708. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34254525 | DOI:10.1177/00048674211025708 (Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - July 13, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Bettina Belet Estelle Demeulemeester Guillaume Vaiva Source Type: research

Life stress, sleep disturbance and depressive symptoms: The moderating role of prefrontal activation during emotion regulation
CONCLUSION: These findings highlight the important role of prefrontal cortex function during emotion regulation in the associations between stress, sleep disturbance and depressive symptoms. Increasing lateral prefrontal cortex recruitment when regulating the emotional response to negative life events may be critical for the prevention and intervention of depression as well as sleep problems.PMID:34254527 | DOI:10.1177/00048674211025729 (Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - July 13, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kyung Hwa Lee Ha Young Lee Inkyung Park Jeong Eun Jeon Nambeom Kim Seong Min Oh Sehyun Jeon Soohyun Kim Yu Jin Lee Seog Ju Kim Source Type: research

Insight in nonpsychotic disorders: A new model of insight and a systematic review of measures
CONCLUSION: We provide a multidimensional model of cognitive and clinical insight in nonpsychotic disorders, emphasizing the complexity of assessment and the importance of accurately defining insight. Such definitions have important theoretical and clinical implications, offering a better understanding of the concept of insight in nonpsychotic disorders.PMID:34254532 | DOI:10.1177/00048674211025722 (Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - July 13, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Asala Halaj Jonathan D Huppert Source Type: research

Sexual violence within mental health units: The forgotten fight?
Aust N Z J Psychiatry. 2021 Jul 13:48674211025708. doi: 10.1177/00048674211025708. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34254525 | DOI:10.1177/00048674211025708 (Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - July 13, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Bettina Belet Estelle Demeulemeester Guillaume Vaiva Source Type: research

Life stress, sleep disturbance and depressive symptoms: The moderating role of prefrontal activation during emotion regulation
CONCLUSION: These findings highlight the important role of prefrontal cortex function during emotion regulation in the associations between stress, sleep disturbance and depressive symptoms. Increasing lateral prefrontal cortex recruitment when regulating the emotional response to negative life events may be critical for the prevention and intervention of depression as well as sleep problems.PMID:34254527 | DOI:10.1177/00048674211025729 (Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - July 13, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kyung Hwa Lee Ha Young Lee Inkyung Park Jeong Eun Jeon Nambeom Kim Seong Min Oh Sehyun Jeon Soohyun Kim Yu Jin Lee Seog Ju Kim Source Type: research

Insight in nonpsychotic disorders: A new model of insight and a systematic review of measures
CONCLUSION: We provide a multidimensional model of cognitive and clinical insight in nonpsychotic disorders, emphasizing the complexity of assessment and the importance of accurately defining insight. Such definitions have important theoretical and clinical implications, offering a better understanding of the concept of insight in nonpsychotic disorders.PMID:34254532 | DOI:10.1177/00048674211025722 (Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - July 13, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Asala Halaj Jonathan D Huppert Source Type: research

What are the real costs of rTMS?
Aust N Z J Psychiatry. 2021 Jul 10:48674211023969. doi: 10.1177/00048674211023969. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34250819 | DOI:10.1177/00048674211023969 (Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - July 12, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Gin S Malhi Erica Bell Zola Mannie Source Type: research

Incidence and risk factors of mental disorders in the elderly: The European MentDis_ICF65+ study
CONCLUSION: In comparison to other studies, lower incidence rates for any affective disorder and middle-range incidence for any anxiety disorder were found. To the authors' knowledge, no prior studies have reported 1-year incidence rates for somatoform disorder, bipolar disorder and substance misuse in community-dwelling elderly. These findings indicate the need to raise awareness of psychosocial problems in the elderly and to ensure adequate availability of mental health services.PMID:34250828 | DOI:10.1177/00048674211025711 (Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - July 12, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Sylke Andreas Holger Schulz Jana Volkert Jonas L üdemann Maria Dehoust Susanne Sehner Anna Suling Karl Wegscheider Berta Aus ín Alessandra Canuto Michael J Crawford Chiara Da Ronch Luigi Grassi Yael Hershkovitz Manuel Mu ñoz Alan Quirk Ora Rotenstein A Source Type: research

Associations of childhood emotional and physical neglect with mental health and substance use in young adults
This study aimed to examine associations of emotional and physical neglect with depression, anxiety, stress, alcohol and drug use in 18- to 20-year-olds.METHODS: Participants (N = 569, mean age = 18.9, 70% female) responded in an online survey to questions on childhood emotional and physical neglect, childhood abuse, symptoms of depression, anxiety and stress, and alcohol and drug use and problems. Procedures were approved by the University of Sydney Human Ethics Committee. Hierarchical linear regressions were performed, controlling for socio-demographic characteristics and other adverse childhood experiences.RESULTS: Comb...
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - July 12, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Lucinda Rachel Grummitt Erin Veronica Kelly Emma Louise Barrett Siobhan Lawler Katrina Prior Lexine A Stapinski Nicola Clare Newton Source Type: research

rTMS and treatment-resistant depression: The need to consider class action!
Aust N Z J Psychiatry. 2021 Jul 10:48674211025094. doi: 10.1177/00048674211025094. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34250832 | DOI:10.1177/00048674211025094 (Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - July 12, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Gin S Malhi Erica Bell Zola Mannie Phil Boyce Malcolm Hopwood Darryl Bassett Roger Mulder Richard J Porter Bill Lyndon Source Type: research

Risk and protective factors of Internet gaming disorder among Chinese people: A meta-analysis
CONCLUSION: Factors strongly correlated with Internet gaming disorder, especially maladaptive cognitions and motivations, are more likely to be proximal correlates of Internet gaming disorder and may be considered the focus of interventions. We encourage further empirical and experimental studies to examine the causal pathway and the treatment efficacy.PMID:34250835 | DOI:10.1177/00048674211025703 (Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - July 12, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Yinan Ji Margaret Xi Can Yin Anna Yan Zhang Daniel Fu Keung Wong Source Type: research

Validation of a Dari translation of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale among women of refugee background at a public antenatal clinic
CONCLUSION: These results support the use of this Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale Dari version to screen for symptoms of depression and anxiety during pregnancy as well as the use of a lowered cut-off score.PMID:34250839 | DOI:10.1177/00048674211025687 (Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - July 12, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Rebecca Blackmore Melanie Gibson-Helm Glenn Melvin Jacqueline A Boyle Mina Fazel Kylie M Gray Source Type: research

Understanding treatment delay: Perceived barriers preventing treatment-seeking for eating disorders
CONCLUSION: Findings suggest that individuals with eating disorders face substantial delays in accessing appropriate treatment and that latency to treatment-seeking is often magnified for counter-stereotypical eating disorder presentations. Further research is required to investigate other factors contributing to this delay.PMID:34250844 | DOI:10.1177/00048674211020102 (Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - July 12, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Amber Hamilton Deborah Mitchison Christopher Basten Susan Byrne Mandy Goldstein Phillipa Hay Gabriella Heruc Christopher Thornton Stephen Touyz Source Type: research

Personality change in the Nottingham Study of Neurotic Disorder: 30-Year cohort study
Aust N Z J Psychiatry. 2021 Jul 10:48674211025624. doi: 10.1177/00048674211025624. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: Persistence is said to be a feature of personality disorder, but there are few long-term prospective studies of the condition. A total of 200 patients with anxiety and depressive disorders involved in a randomised controlled trial initiated in 1983 had full personality status assessed at baseline. We repeated assessment of personality status on three subsequent occasions over 30 years.METHODS: Personality status was recorded using methods derived from the Personality Assessment Schedule, which has al...
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - July 12, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Min Yang Helen Tyrer Tony Johnson Peter Tyrer Source Type: research