Role of sFlt-1/PlGF ratio and feto-maternal Doppler for the prediction of adverse perinatal outcome in late-onset pre-eclampsia
AbstractPurposeThe sFlt-1 (soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1)/PlGF (placental growth factor) ratio and uterine artery Doppler have shown to be helpful in the diagnosis of pre-eclampsia (PE). The predictive value of the cerebroplacental ratio (CPR) regarding adverse perinatal outcome (APO) in low-risk pregnancies is intensively discussed. We evaluated the extent to which sFlt-1/PlGF ratio and feto-maternal Doppler may be useful in predicting APO in singleton pregnancies complicated by late-onset PE and/or HELLP syndrome.MethodsThis is a retrospective study from 2010 to 2018 consisting of singleton pregnancies with confirme...
Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics - November 16, 2019 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Automatic rib unfolding in postmortem computed tomography: diagnostic evaluation of the OpenRib software compared with the autopsy in the detection of rib fractures
AbstractObjectivesThe main objective of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of the OpenRib software against the gold standard of autopsy in the detection of rib fractures. The secondary objective was to measure inter-rater agreement between each radiological reader.Materials and methodsThirty-six subjects who underwent postmortem CT and autopsy were included in this study. Rib fractures were first assessed during the autopsy by carefully dissecting and examining each rib. They were also independently evaluated by three readers using OpenRib software. This software produces from postmortem CT images a refo...
Source: International Journal of Legal Medicine - November 16, 2019 Category: Medical Law Source Type: research

Analyzing dynamic decision-making models using Chapman-Kolmogorov equations
AbstractDecision-making in dynamic environments typically requires adaptive evidence accumulation that weights new evidence more heavily than old observations. Recent experimental studies of dynamic decision tasks require subjects to make decisions for which the correct choice switches stochastically throughout a single trial. In such cases, an ideal observer ’s belief is described by an evolution equation that is doubly stochastic, reflecting stochasticity in the both observations and environmental changes. In these contexts, we show that the probability density of the belief can be represented using differential Ch...
Source: Journal of Computational Neuroscience - November 16, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Is it possible to organize automatic forecasting of expected radiation hazard level from Solar Cosmic Ray (SCR) events for spacecraft in the heliosphere and magnetosphere and for aircraft in the low Atmosphere?
We present the method of automatic forecasting of the impacts of Solar Cosmic Ray (SCR)/Solar Energetic Particle (SEP) and estimation of radiation hazard level. We use the model of SCR/SEP diffusion in general form and coupling functions for neutron monitors of worldwide network with different altitudes and cutoff rigidities, including space detectors such as GOES-11,12. Another observational data for the estimation of energy spectra of SCR/SEP are measurements of different neutron multiplicities by some neutron monitors (e.g., for great SCR/SEP event held in September 29, 1989). A 1-min data of muon telescopes and ionizat...
Source: Advances in Space Research - November 15, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

Serum cystatin C as an early marker of nephropathy among type 2 diabetics: a meta-analysis
ConclusionSerum CysC is shown to be a superior biomarker in the early diagnosis of DN. However, further studies are still needed to verify our claims. (Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews)
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - November 15, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Dynamic urinary metabolomics analysis based on UHPLC-Q-TOF/MS to investigate the potential biomarkers of blood stasis syndrome and the effects of Danggui Sini decoction
In conclusion, a dynamic urinary metabolomics approach was applied to identify potential biomarkers of the development of BSS and to clarify the therapeutic mechanism of DSD in BSS. The results could provide a theoretical basis for further research on the therapeutic mechanism of DSD.Graphical abstract (Source: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis)
Source: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis - November 15, 2019 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Changes in total body surface area and the distribution of skin surfaces in relation to body mass index
ConclusionThe Wallace rule of nines is a quick and acceptable method for estimating the total burn surface area percentage in men of all BMI ranges. However, for women, a more accurate method of burn area estimation is required as proposed by our BMI adjusted charts. (Source: Burns)
Source: Burns - November 15, 2019 Category: Dermatology Source Type: research

Evaluation of a Seton Procedure Combined With Infliximab Therapy (Early vs. Late) in Perianal Fistula With Crohn Disease.
CONCLUSION: Patients showed a good response to a seton procedure combined with IFX therapy regardless of the time of initiation of IFX therapy. PMID: 31726000 [PubMed] (Source: Annals of Coloproctology)
Source: Annals of Coloproctology - November 15, 2019 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Ann Coloproctol Source Type: research

Indication for and Effect of Adjuvant Chemotherapy for Stage IIa (T3N0M0) Colon Cancer.
CONCLUSION: Surgical oncologists consider the patient's condition and postoperative course rather than high-risk factors to determine use of AC. Regardless of AC use, both the extent of surgery and the patient's subsequent status affected the survival rate in the high-risk group. None of the factors identified influenced survival rate in the low-risk group. PMID: 31726001 [PubMed] (Source: Annals of Coloproctology)
Source: Annals of Coloproctology - November 15, 2019 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Ann Coloproctol Source Type: research

Reconsideration of the Safety of Laparoscopic Rectal Surgery for Cancer.
Authors: Son GM, Kye BH, Kim MK, Kim JG Abstract The oncological outcomes of laparoscopic rectal cancer surgery were evaluated in recent multicenter randomized clinical trials (RCTs). The MRC-CLASSIC, COLOR II, and COREAN trials found no differences in local recurrence or diseasefree survival rate between laparoscopic and open surgery. However, the noninferiority of laparoscopic surgery with respect to open surgery for rectal cancer was not established on statistical analysis in the ACOSOG Z6051 and the ALaCaRT trials. Quality of total mesorectal excision (TME) is one of the most important prognostic factors. Incom...
Source: Annals of Coloproctology - November 15, 2019 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Ann Coloproctol Source Type: research

Psychoneuroendocrinoimmunology-based meditation (pneimed) training reduces salivary cortisol under basal and stressful conditions in healthy university students: results of a randomized controlled study
Publication date: Available online 14 November 2019Source: EXPLOREAuthor(s): Bottaccioli Anna Giulia, Bottaccioli Francesco, Carosella Antonia, Cofini Vincenza, Muzi Paola, Bologna MauroABSTRACTBACKGROUNDMeditation represents an effective and safe practice to lower distress and promote well-being. PsychoNeuroEndocrinoImmunology-based Meditation (PNEIMED) is a validated method that can reduce stress-related symptoms and salivary cortisol secretion. To date, few randomised controlled trials (RCTs) have assessed cortisol levels through salivary samples, collected both in the morning phase and during acute mental stress elicit...
Source: EXPLORE: The Journal of Science and Healing - November 15, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Emotional freedom techniques (EFT) to reduce exam anxiety in Turkish nursing students
ConclusionsThis study showed that three EFT sessions administered in a group setting, reduced and helped them better cope with exam anxiety as well as other anxiety indicators in nursing students. (Source: European Journal of Integrative Medicine)
Source: European Journal of Integrative Medicine - November 15, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Does tranexamic acid improve intra-operative visualisation in endoscopic ear surgery? A double-blind, randomised, controlled trial.
Authors: Das A, Mitra S, Ghosh D, Kumar S, Sengupta A Abstract OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of tranexamic acid on intra-operative bleeding and surgical field visualisation. METHODS: Fifty patients undergoing various endoscopic ear surgical procedures, including endoscopic tympanoplasty, endoscopic atticotomy or mastoidectomy, endoscopic ossiculoplasty, and endoscopic stapedotomy, were randomly assigned to: a study group that received tranexamic acid or a control group which received normal saline. The intra-operative bleeding and operative field visualisation was graded using the Das and Mitra endoscopic ear...
Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology - November 15, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Laryngol Otol Source Type: research

Subcutaneous immunoglobulin in inflammatory myopathies: efficacy in different organ systems
Publication date: Available online 14 November 2019Source: Autoimmunity ReviewsAuthor(s): Maria Giovanna Danieli, Chiara Gelardi, Veronica Pedini, Denise Menghini, Devis Benfaremo, Armando GabrielliAbstractMGD and CG were responsible for the study's conception and design. VP and DM contributed to data acquisition. VP and DB planned and performed the statistical analyses. All Authors contributed to data interpretation. MGD, CG, VP and DM drafted the manuscript. AG and DB revised the manuscript critically for intellectual content. All authors gave their final approval of the version of the manuscript to be published. (Source...
Source: Autoimmunity Reviews - November 15, 2019 Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research

A meta-analysis of self-reported anticipatory and consummatory pleasure in the schizophrenia-spectrum
ConclusionsThese findings provided only modest support for the temporal dynamics of positive emotion conceptualization because they revealed no evidence for: 1) specific anticipatory pleasure deficits in schizophrenia-spectrum participants compared to controls; 2) significant reductions in anticipatory pleasure relative to consummatory pleasure in schizophrenia-spectrum participants. (Source: Journal of Psychiatric Research)
Source: Journal of Psychiatric Research - November 15, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

A comparative study of bilateral subthalamic nucleus DBS in Parkinson’s disease in young versus old: A single institutional study
In this study STN DBS didn’t lead to any cognitive decline (MMSE) whatever is the age of patient during follow up. Bilateral STN DBS for Parkinson’s disease is equally effective in young and elderly patients. (Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience)
Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience - November 15, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

A preliminary data: Evaluation of serum Galectin-3 levels in patients with Idiopathic Parkinson's Disease
Publication date: December 2019Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience, Volume 70Author(s): Hülya Olgun Yazar, Tamer Yazar, Murat CihanAbstractAimIn our study, we aimed to collect data for the hypothesis that Galectin-3 might be used as a new prognostic and therapeutic biomarker in Idiopathic Parkinson's Disease (IPD).MethodIn this prospective and cross-sectional study, the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) and Modified Hoehn and Yahr (H&Y) scales were applied to each patient diagnosed as IPD according to the UK Brain Bank diagnostic criteria. The control group consisted of healthy individuals with...
Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience - November 15, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Accelerated forgetting and verbal memory consolidation process in idiopathic nondement Parkinson’s disease
Conclusions: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study investigating verbal memory consolidation in PD. Results suggested that impairment is possibly related to the late phase of consolidation of verbal memory in neocortex. (Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience)
Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience - November 15, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Derived Metrics are Predictive of Liver Fibrosis in Fontan Patients
ConclusionsTCPC resistance, left pulmonary artery stenosis and increased inferior vena cava flow are positively associated with liver fibrosis after Fontan operation and hold promise as important predictors of hepatic decline. These findings encourage pre-procedural planning and interventional strategies to improve TCPC performance and reduce vessel stenosis. Further investigation is warranted to design the ideal Fontan circulation and optimize flow dynamics to reduce the risk of liver fibrosis. (Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery)
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - November 15, 2019 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Nordic Walking Training in Improving the Gait of Persons with Down Syndrome.
Abstract People with Down syndrome (DS) show dysfunction of gait, expressed by disturbed character of angular changes and values of the spatiotemporal parameters as compared to the physiological norm. It is known that exercises and various activities have positive effect on balance and gait, but there are only a few scientific proofs concerning above-mentioned in people with DS. Furthermore, the effect of Nordic Walking (NW) training on gait in people with DS is unexplored. We enrolled 22 subjects with DS, aged 25-40 years, with moderate intellectual disability. Participants were randomly divided into 2 groups: NW...
Source: Biomed Res - November 15, 2019 Category: Research Authors: Skiba A, Marchewka J, Skiba A, Podsiadło S, Sulowska I, Chwała W, Marchewka A Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research

Impact of Healthcare-Associated Infections on Length of Stay: A Study in 68 Hospitals in China.
Abstract Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) not only bring additional medical cost to the patients but also prolong the length of stay (LOS). 2119 HAI case-patients and 2119 matched control-patients were identified in 68 hospitals in 14 primary sampling provinces of 7 major regions of China. The HAI caused an increase in stay of 10.4 days. The LOS due to HAI increased from 9.7 to 10.9 days in different levels of hospitals. There was no statistically significant difference in the increased LOS between different hospital levels. The increased LOS due to HAI in different regions was 8.2 to 12.6 days. Comparing b...
Source: Biomed Res - November 15, 2019 Category: Research Authors: Jia H, Li L, Li W, Hou T, Ma H, Yang Y, Wu A, Liu Y, Wen J, Yang H, Luo X, Xing Y, Zhang W, Wu Y, Ding L, Liu W, Lin L, Li Y, Chen M Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research

Delimiting species of water mites of the genus Hydrodroma (Acari: Hydrachnidiae: Hydrodromidae) from North America and Europe: integrative evidence of species status from COI sequences and morphology
In this study, we use multiple statistical approaches, including Automatic Barcode Gap Discovery (ABGD), K2P distances, Neighbor-Joining (NJ) clustering and statistical parsimony (SP) based on mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI), and morphology to explore diversity among Hydrodroma species from North America and Europe. The results of ABGD confirmed species status of H. despiciens.(Müller, 1776), H. pilosa Besseling, 1940, H. torrenticola (Walter, 1908) from Europe and identified three species-level taxa from Canada, here provisionally called Hydrodroma sp. A, Hydrodroma sp. B and Hydrodroma sp. C. This...
Source: A Journal of Comparative Zoology - November 15, 2019 Category: Zoology Source Type: research

Evaluation of telavancin susceptibility in isolates of Staphylococcus aureus with reduced susceptibility to vancomycin
AbstractHistorically, vancomycin has been considered a primary therapeutic option for treating infections withStaphylococcus aureus, but isolates with reduced vancomycin susceptibility (SA-RVS) (MIC  ≥ 4 μg/mL) have emerged. Telavancin, a semisynthetic lipoglycopeptide, is an alternative treatment option forS. aureus, but data examining telavancin activity against SA-RVS are limited. In the present study, we characterize 300 isolates ofS. aureus isolates (50 vancomycin-susceptible (VSSA) isolates and 250 SA-RVS isolates) from a large tertiary care, academic medical center, 51.8% of which were methi...
Source: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases - November 15, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Improving quality of antipsychotic polypharmacy: a pilot study.
Conclusion: APP is prevalent in inpatient treatment of patients with mainly psychotic disorders but documentation of this is insufficient. Simple education and feedback on prescription and records documentation practices may increase adherence to guidelines. PMID: 31724898 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - November 15, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

On critical points of Gaussian random fields under diffeomorphic transformations
Publication date: Available online 14 November 2019Source: Statistics & Probability LettersAuthor(s): Dan Cheng, Armin SchwartzmanAbstractLet {X(t),t∈M} and {Z(t′),t′∈M′} be smooth Gaussian random fields parameterized on Riemannian manifolds M and M′, respectively, such that X(t)=Z(f(t)), where f:M→M′ is a diffeomorphic transformation. We study the expected number and height distribution of the critical points of X in connection with those of Z. As an important case, when X is an anisotropic Gaussian random field, then we show that its expected number of critical points beco...
Source: Statistics and Probability Letters - November 15, 2019 Category: Statistics Source Type: research

Comparison of Imaging and Clinically Relevant Features of Combined Hepatocellular Carcinoma and Cholangiocarcinoma with Hepatocellular Carcinoma.
Authors: Huang X, Li Y, Long L Abstract BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to compare the clinical, imaging, pathological, and prognostic characteristics of combined hepatocellular carcinoma and cholangiocarcinoma (cHCC-CC) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). MATERIAL AND METHODS Medical records of 21 patients with cHCC-CC and 21 patients with HCC were retrospectively reviewed. Patients underwent a computed tomography (CT) examination within 1 month before surgery and did not receive preoperative interventional therapy. Clinical, imaging, pathological, and prognostic characteristics of cHCC-CC and HCC were compar...
Source: Medical Science Monitor - November 15, 2019 Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research

Short-term HRV in young adults for momentary assessment of acute mental stress
This study employs a block design inducing low-high-low-high stress variation profile to test the feasibility of a broad range of HRV metrics for measuring the minute-scale stress variation elicited by the commonly used mental arithmetic tasks. After extracting the RR interval series, 42 HRV metrics have been examined in absolute reliability, relative reliability, and the statistical significance in differentiating the low and high stress levels. Among these metrics, 22 show absolute reliability, 21 show relative reliability, and 13 differentiate the low and high stress levels consistently across all four pairs of comparis...
Source: Biomedical Signal Processing and Control - November 15, 2019 Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research

Acute Dermal Toxicity Study of New, Used and Laboratory Aged Aircraft Engine Oils
This study was conducted to determine if new engine oils and their used versions have the potential to induce dermal irritation. Twelve male New Zealand White rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus, 19 weeks old) were used to determine the acute dermal toxicity potential of four aircraft turbine oils including MIL-PRF-7808 Grades 3 and 4 and MIL-PRF-23699 Grade 5 High Thermal Stability (HTS) and a Grade 5 experimental aircraft engine oil in their unused and used or laboratory stressed states. Five fur-free test sites (6 cm2 each) located lateral to the midline of the back were treated with two undiluted (0.5 ml) new ...
Source: Toxicology Reports - November 15, 2019 Category: Toxicology Source Type: research

Urban–Rural Infant Mortality Disparities by Race and Ethnicity and Cause of Death
ConclusionsInfant mortality increases with rurality, and excess infant mortality rates are predominantly attributable to sudden unexpected infant deaths and congenital anomalies, with differences by race/ethnicity regarding magnitude and cause of death. (Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - November 15, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Pilot implementation and evaluation of a national quality improvement taught curriculum for urology residents: Lessons from the United Kingdom
ConclusionsOur novel QI training is educationally sound and feasible to deliver. Longitudinal evaluation and scalability are planned. (Source: The American Journal of Surgery)
Source: The American Journal of Surgery - November 15, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

The Certainty Behind Reporting a Significance Result: What the Clinician Should Know
The P value is the most common method used in medical literature for the result of a statistical test. It is the probability of the data with a true null hypothesis and is calculated using a formal statistical test after the appropriate model has been determined to analyze study data. The P value is dependent on the effect size, sample size, and a measure of variability within the outcomes. For many years, the P value has been set at 0.05, which is an arbitrary cutoff. It is important to understand that setting the cutoff at 0.05 may be correct for some study designs but not in others. Therefore, we recommend that in addit...
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - November 15, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Brief Report Source Type: research

A Comparative Study Between 2 Intracarpal Partial Shortening Osteotomy Techniques for Type II Lunate Kienbock Disease
Partial capitate shortening is a decompression procedure for the treatment of positive or neutral ulnar variance Kienbock disease. In 45% to 73% of population, the lunate has a separate hamate facet which is also known as a type II lunate. We hypothesized that capitate shortening alone may not ensure adequate decompression of type II lunate, therefore, an added hamate shortening was performed aiming at a better distal unloading in these situations. Thirty Kienbock patients, stage II, type II lunate, and ulna positive or neutral variance, were recruited in this study, Half of which underwent an isolated partial capitate ost...
Source: Techniques in Orthopaedics - November 15, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Novel Research Methods and Models Source Type: research

Validation of the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand in Patients Undergoing Cervical Spine Surgery
Conclusion. The DASH is a valid and responsive PRO measure to evaluate disabling upper extremity involvement in patients undergoing cervical spine surgery. Level of Evidence: 3 (Source: Spine)
Source: Spine - November 15, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH Source Type: research

The Dilemma of TP53 Codon 72 Polymorphism (rs1042522) and Breast Cancer Risk: A Case-Control Study and Meta-Analysis in The Iranian Population.
Conclusion: These findings cannot support contribution of rs1042522 polymorphism to breast cancer risk in an Iranian population. Future larger studies may help confirm this finding with a greater power. PMID: 31721533 [PubMed] (Source: Cancer Control)
Source: Cancer Control - November 15, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Afzaljavan F, Chaeichi Tehrani N, Rivandi M, Zarif Ghasemian S, Vahednia E, Khayami R, Abavisani M, Pasdar A Tags: Cell J Source Type: research

[Tonsil surgery in the federal states of Germany: similarities and differences. German version].
CONCLUSION: The change of trends in tonsil surgery started long before relevant national guidelines were published. The national trend was associated with considerably less surgical activity overall, a significant decrease in ATE/TE, and a significant increase in TT. Regional differences to the national trend were identified and found to be significant in at least in 7 of 16 federal states. PMID: 31720695 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: HNO)
Source: HNO - November 15, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HNO Source Type: research

Factors Predicting Operative Difficulty of Laparoscopic Total Mesorectal Excision
CONCLUSION: Patient, tumor, and bony pelvic anatomical characteristics are not seen to influence laparoscopic total mesorectal excision operative difficulty. Mesorectal area is identified as a risk factor for intraoperative and postoperative morbidity. See Video Abstract at http://links.lww.com/DCR/B35. FACTORES QUE PREDICEN LA DIFICULTAD OPERATIVA DE LA ESCISIÓN MESORRECTAL TOTAL LAPAROSCÓPICA ANTECEDENTES: La escisión mesorrectal total laparoscópica es un procedimiento desafiante. Para obtener resultados óptimos, se requiere cirugía de alta calidad. Se cree que, factores co...
Source: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum - November 15, 2019 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Contributions: Colorectal Cancer Source Type: research

Long-term Outcomes of Balloon Dilation for Persistent Eustachian Tube Dysfunction
Objective: To gather long-term follow-up data on the efficacy of balloon dilation for treating patients with persistent Eustachian tube dysfunction (ETD). Study Design: Extended follow-up study of the treatment arm of a prospective, multicenter, randomized controlled trial. Setting: Tertiary care academic center and private practice. Patients: Patients diagnosed with medically refractory persistent ETD. Interventions: Balloon dilation of the Eustachian tube. Main Outcome Measures: The endpoints were the mean change from baseline in the 7-item Eustachian Tube Dysfunction Questionnaire (ETDQ-7) score, revisi...
Source: Otology and Neurotology - November 15, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: MIDDLE EAR AND MASTOID DISEASE Source Type: research

Long-term Outcomes in Down Syndrome Children After Cochlear Implantation: Particular Issues and Considerations
Objective: The aim of the study was to analyze the long-term outcomes after cochlear implantation in deaf children with Down syndrome (DS) regarding age at the first implantation and refer the results to preoperative radiological findings as well as postoperative auditory and speech performance. Additionally, the influence of the age at implantation and duration of CI use on postoperative hearing and language skills were closely analyzed in children with DS. Study Design: Retrospective analysis. Setting: Referral center (Cochlear Implant Center). Materials and Methods: Nine children with Down syndrome were compa...
Source: Otology and Neurotology - November 15, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: COCHLEAR IMPLANTS Source Type: research

Modelling driver propensity for traffic accidents: a comparison of multiple regression analysis and fuzzy approach.
Authors: Čubranić-Dobrodolac M, Švadlenka L, Čičević S, Dobrodolac M Abstract This research proposes an assessment and decision support model to use when a driver should be examined about their propensity for traffic accidents, based on an estimation of the driver's psychological traits. The proposed model was tested on a sample of 305 drivers. Each participant completed four psychological tests: the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS-11), the Aggressive Driving Behaviour Questionnaire (ADBQ), the Manchester Driver Attitude Questionnaire (DAQ) and the Questionnaire for Self-assessment of Driving Ability. ...
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - November 15, 2019 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot Source Type: research

[Turning point in skin cancer mortality : An analysis of the trend in Germany from 1998 to 2017].
The objective of this study is to investigate current trends of skin cancer mortality in Germany. Data of the death statistics from 1998 to 2017 were analyzed using joinpoint regression models. Age standardized skin cancer mortality declined since 2013 (annual percentage change -2.1% [95% CI: -4.0 to -0.2%]), while in previous years an increase of +3.4% (95% CI: 1.3 to 5.4%) was observed. The development is mainly driven by a decreasing melanoma mortality. Possible causes of the trend change are especially the nationwide skin cancer screening which was introduced in 2008 and the growing availability of new system...
Source: Der Hautarzt: Zeitschrift fur Dermatologie, Venerologie, und verwandte Gebiete - November 15, 2019 Category: Dermatology Tags: Hautarzt Source Type: research

Optimal prediction of process parameters by GWO-KNN in stirring-squeeze casting of AA2219 reinforced metal matrix composites
Publication date: Available online 13 November 2019Source: Materials Today: ProceedingsAuthor(s): T. Adithiyaa, D. Chandramohan, T. SathishAbstractRapid globalization and demand for the advanced material, hybrid materials are possessing an up marketed strategy in the field of material research. Due to the demand for lightweight and strong nature of materials, aluminium is considered as largely utilized material for manufacturing components in industrial and other manufacturing sectors. However, aluminium materials are being researched through the decades for improvising the mechanical properties. Therefore, hybrid matrix c...
Source: Materials Today: Proceedings - November 15, 2019 Category: Materials Science Source Type: research

A Non-invasive Method for Determining Biomechanical Properties of the Internal Carotid Artery
Publication date: Available online 14 November 2019Source: IRBMAuthor(s): A. Ayadi, W. Sahtout, O. BalédentAbstractObjectivesMechanical properties of the carotid artery play an important role in the progression of arterial disease such as atherosclerosis. An early change in the mechanical properties of the arteries can be introduced as a novel risk factor for cardiovascular events. The aim of this study is to estimate, in vivo, the elastic biomechanical properties of the internal carotid wall (ICA), from the noninvasive determination of the local arterial wave speed (c).Material and methodsTo achieve this objective,...
Source: IRBM - November 15, 2019 Category: Biomedical Engineering Source Type: research

Measurements of volumetric bone mineral density in the mandible do not predict spinal osteoporosis.
The objective of this study was to determine whether the trabecular volumetric Bone Mineral Density (vBMD) of the middle, body and angle of the mandible correlates with vBMD of the cervical and lumbar vertebrae in a Chinese population. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Six hundred and sixty one subjects (270 males, 391 females), ranging from 20 to 59 years of age, were recruited for vBMD measurements by quantitative computed tomography (QCT). Basic information (age, height and weight), vBMD of the mandible (middle, body and angle sites), and vBMD of the cervical and lumbar vertebrae were recorded. Spearman's rank correlation test...
Source: Dentomaxillofacial Radiology - November 15, 2019 Category: Radiology Tags: Dentomaxillofac Radiol Source Type: research

Evaluation of functional disability after Chikungunya infection
CONCLUSIONS Patients in the chronic phase of CHIK present functional disability, thus alerting healthcare professionals to the importance of implementing actions aimed at an adequate treatment in all phases of the disease, mainly related to pain treatment and motor rehabilitation. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - November 15, 2019 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Factors that negatively influence the Glasgow Outcome Scale in patients with chronic subdural hematomas. An analytical and retrospective study in a tertiary center
ConclusionsChronic neurosurgical pathologies are chronic subdural hematomas, in a high percentage they are subsidiary of surgical treatment. There are several factors that negatively influence the prognosis in patients and that should be considered for both the surgical decision and patient / family agreement and for the medium / long-term follow-up of them. (Source: Interdisciplinary Neurosurgery)
Source: Interdisciplinary Neurosurgery - November 15, 2019 Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research

Prevalence and Alternative Treatment of Head-Lice Infestation in Rural Thailand: A Community-Based Study.
In conclusion, behavior-change communication should be implemented to reduce the observed high prevalence of headlice infestation. Ivermectin may be an alternative choice for head-lice treatment, especially in remote areas. PMID: 31715690 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Korean Journal of Parasitology)
Source: Korean Journal of Parasitology - November 15, 2019 Category: Parasitology Tags: Korean J Parasitol Source Type: research

Technology Assisted Behavior Intervention to Extend Sleep Among Adults With Short Sleep Duration and Prehypertension/Stage 1 Hypertension: A Randomized Pilot Feasibility Study
Study Objectives:Short sleep duration contributes to hypertension, yet few behavioral sleep extension interventions have been developed. The goal of our study was to evaluate the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of a technology assisted sleep extension intervention among individuals with prehypertension/stage 1 hypertension on sleep, blood pressure and patient reported outcomes.Methods:Adults aged 30–65 with 24h ambulatory blood pressure (ABP)> 120/80 mmHg and average weekday sleep duration
Source: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine : JCSM - November 15, 2019 Category: Sleep Medicine Source Type: research

Validation of Fitbit Charge 2 and Fitbit Alta HR Against Polysomnography for Assessing Sleep in Adults With Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Conclusions:Fitbit wearable devices showed an acceptable sensitivity but poor specificity. Consumer sleep trackers still have insufficient accuracy for clinical settings, especially in clinical populations. Solving technical issues and optimizing clinically-oriented features could make them apt for their use in clinical practice in a nondistant future.Citation:Moreno-Pino F, Porras-Segovia A, López-Esteban P, Artés A, Baca-García E. Validation of Fitbit Charge 2 and Fitbit Alta HR against polysomnography for assessing sleep in adults with obstructive sleep apnea.J Clin Sleep Med. 2019;15(11):1645&ndash...
Source: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine : JCSM - November 15, 2019 Category: Sleep Medicine Source Type: research

Intention-behaviour gap and perceived behavioural control-behaviour gap in theory of planned behaviour: moderating roles of communication, satisfaction and trust in organic food consumption
This study examines the moderating effects of perceived communication, satisfaction and trust on the intention-behaviour gap and the perceived behavioural control (PBC)-behaviour gap in the theory of planned behaviour (TPB) model, using a quantitative research method. A nationwide panel-only online survey was conducted, resulting in 1011 usable responses from organic food consumers in Australia. Data were analysed statistically using SPSS v.25 and SmartPLS 3 software, and the hypotheses were tested using the partial least squares-based structural equation modelling (PLS-SEM) technique. The findings confirm that perceived c...
Source: Food Quality and Preference - November 15, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Is it possible to shorten serum bactericidal testing?
Publication date: Available online 13 November 2019Source: Journal of Microbiological MethodsAuthor(s): Paterova Pavla, Radocha Jakub, Buchta Vladimir, Zavrelova Alzbeta, Malakova Jana, Zak Pavel, Zemlickova HelenaAbstractSerum bactericidal test represents an alternative possibility for optimization of antibiotic treatment. The paper aimed to confirm non-inferiority of bactericidal testing using the broth dilution method according to the CLSI method (M21A) in comparison with turbidimetric and colorimetric modifications. We tested human blood sera (n = 76) of ten hematological patients, their blood was withdrawn prior t...
Source: Journal of Microbiological Methods - November 15, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research