Long-Term Exposure to Road Traffic Noise and Nitrogen Dioxide and Risk of Heart Failure: A Cohort Study

Conclusions: Long-term exposure to NO2 and road traffic noise was associated with higher risk of heart failure, mainly among men, in both single- and two-pollutant models. High exposure to both pollutants was associated with highest risk. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP1272 Received: 25 October 2016 Revised: 09 August 2017 Accepted: 09 August 2017 Published: 26 September 2017 Address correspondence to M. Sørensen. Diet, Genes and Environment, Danish Cancer Society, Strandboulevarden 49, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark. Telephone: +45 35257626. Email: mettes@cancer.dk Supplemental Material is available online (https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP1272). The authors declare they have no actual or potential competing financial interests. Note to readers with disabilities: EHP strives to ensure that all journal content is accessible to all readers. However, some figures and Supplemental Material published in EHP articles may not conform to 508 standards due to the complexity of the information being presented. If you need assistance accessing journal content, please contact ehponline@niehs.nih.gov. Our staff will work with you to assess and meet your accessibility needs within 3 working days. Supplemental Material PDF (153 KB) Note to readers with disabilities: EHP has provided a 508-conformant table of contents summarizing the Supplemental Material for this article (see below) so readers with disabilities may determine whether they wish to acc...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research

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This study demonstrates that in fish the host species imparts substantial impact in shaping the community structure of the intestinal microbiota. PMID: 30416165 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of General and Applied Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Tags: J Gen Appl Microbiol Source Type: research
ConclusionsFoot orthoses can relieve pain and disability and enhance patients, but no significant differences were found between control and intervention groups.
Source: Quality of Life Research - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeSleep problems are very common in people with diabetes. The aim of this study was to assess the association of the combination of self-reported sleep duration and sleep quality on quality of life (QOL) in Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).MethodsWe analyzed the community-based cross-sectional data of 798 patients with T2DM in Xiamen, China, in 2016. Sleep duration was measured as self-reported average sleep time during the previous month. Sleep quality was evaluated as self-rated reports. QOL was assessed by the Diabetes-specific Quality of Life (DSQL), with scores  
Source: Quality of Life Research - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
ConclusionA DTF-specific HRQL tool and consensus regarding the preferred measurement tool among DTF patients is lacking. Our study indicates that HRQL of DTF patients was negatively affected in several domains. A DTF-specific HRQL measure could improve our understanding of short- and long-term effects and, ideally, can be used in both clinic and for research purposes.
Source: Quality of Life Research - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
Authors: Vajaitu C, Draghici CC, Solomon I, Lisievici CV, Popa AV, Lupu M, Caruntu C, Constantin MM, Voiculescu VM Abstract An important function of the immune system is its ability to differentiate between healthy cells in the organism and "foreign" cells, allowing the latest to be attacked and the first ones to be conserved. The most important molecules in this process are considered to be checkpoint inhibitors. This review is focused on the association between cancer and inflammation, underlying the mechanisms of action of monoclonal antibodies that are targeting checkpoint inhibitors: ipilimumab again...
Source: Journal of Immunology Research - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: J Immunol Res Source Type: research
Authors: Sapkota M, Knoell DL Abstract Zinc is an essential micronutrient known to play a vital role in host defense against pathogens. Diets that are deficient in zinc lead to impaired immunity and delayed recovery from and worse outcomes following infection. Sustained insufficient zinc intake leads to dysregulation of the innate immune response and increases susceptibility to infection whereas zinc supplementation in at-risk populations has been shown to restore host defense and reduce pathogen-related morbidity and mortality. Upon infection, zinc deficiency leads to increased pathology due to imbalance in key si...
Source: Journal of Immunology Research - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: J Immunol Res Source Type: research
We have heard so much about the opioid epidemic on the news and the ways in which it can destroy lives and lead to poor outcomes. One interesting association that emerged at this year ’s 2018 AHA Scientific Sessions in Chicago was the association of increased risk of atrial fibrillation with the opioid epidemic.
Source: ConsultantLive - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Tags: Atrial Fibrillation Source Type: news
A 20-year observational study of nearly 7000 elite athletes found only 0.3% developed atrial fibrillation. Is it time to think differently?
Source: ConsultantLive - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Tags: Atrial Fibrillation Source Type: news
Authors: Szafranski DD, Gros DF, Acierno R, Brady KT, Killeen TK, Back SE Abstract Treatment dropout is often assumed to be due to worsening or lack of symptom improvement, despite minimal research examining symptom change among treatment dropouts. Thus, the present study examined symptom change in veterans who discontinued evidence-based treatment for comorbid posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and alcohol use disorder (AUD). Participants were veterans who completed at least 1 session of a 12-session Concurrent Treatment of PTSD and Substance Use Disorders using Prolonged Exposure (COPE) for comorbid PTSD/AUD. T...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research
This article will discuss the current barriers to broader implementation of telemedicine for geriatric patients including reimbursement from the Medicare program. Medicare reimbursement for telemedicine is limited to rural areas, which does not allow for the widespread development of telemedicine programs. All Medicare beneficiaries would benefit from increased access to telemedicine services, not only those living in rural areas. As many elderly and disabled individuals have mobility problems, home-based telemedicine services should also be made available. There are efforts in Congress to expand the coverage of these serv...
Source: The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Geriatr Psychiatry Source Type: research
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