Notice of Funding Opportunity: Bioethics and Disability

This report would examine developments at the state and federal-level, court cases, and current views from stakeholders. Policy Questions Which states have PAS laws and what do those laws provide? What protections against abuse of PAS?What have the Supreme Court and lower courts held regarding individuals’ rights under PAS laws? The laws themselves?Is there evidence that persons with disabilities are being denied treatment by insurance companies but offered PAS instead, as NCD predicted?How is PAS viewed by disability organizations? Has this evolved in the past 13 years? If so why? If not, why?Are persons with disabilities that seek PAS denied? On what grounds? Are these grounds widespread/common across laws?Have NCD’s previous recommendations on PAS been implemented? Which were implemented, which were not?Genetic Testing for Disability Genetic testing includes diagnostic and carrier testing. Diagnostic testing involves identifying current disease states. This includes prenatal and newborn screening—the most common forms of genetic testing. Carrier testing determines whether an individual carries a certain genetic trait. Examples of disorders for which genetic tests are available are Huntington's disease, cystic fibrosis, breast cancer, Down's syndrome, sickle cell anemia, and phenylketonuria. There are ethical implications of genetic testing for disability because of the potential for discrimination. Long before genetic testing existed, genetic discriminati...
Source: blog.bioethics.net - Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Tags: Health Care syndicated Source Type: blogs

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Publication date: Available online 21 March 2019Source: Journal of Molecular Graphics and ModellingAuthor(s): Pourseyed Aghaei Fatematossadat, Mahnaz Mohammadi, S. Ehsan RoozmehAbstractIn this paper, we study magnetic and structural properties of silver and gold-coated iron nanoparticle as novel drug delivery systems for the two commercially famous cancer treatment drugs, using the density functional theory (DFT) computations.Our calculations show that silver and gold-coated iron nanoparticle have magnetization and the magnetic moment of the Fe atom in the Fe@(Ag/Au)n core-shells saturated to a value of about 3 μB. Thus...
Source: Journal of Molecular Graphics and Modelling - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 March 2019Source: Redox BiologyAuthor(s): Tsung-Ming Lee, Horng-Jyh Harn, Tzyy-Wen Chiou, Ming-Hsi Chuang, Chun-Hung Chen, Chi-Hsuan Chuang, Po-Cheng Lin, Shinn-Zong LinAbstractLeft ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in hypertension has prognostic significance on cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. Recently, we have shown that n-butylidenephthalide (BP) improves human adipose-derived stem cell (hADSC) engraftment via attenuated reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. This prompted us to investigate whether remote transplantation of BP-pretreated hADSCs confers attenuated LVH at an est...
Source: Redox Biology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 March 2019Source: Carbohydrate PolymersAuthor(s): Shuo Tang, Ting Wang, Caoxing Huang, Chenhuan Lai, Yimin Fan, Qiang YongAbstractA highly branched arabinogalactan isolated from Larix principis-rupprechtii and subjected to sulfation derivatization to promote their antitumor bioactivity. Several structural features of the sulfated arabinogalactans (S-LAG) were investigated: molecular weight, monosaccharide constitution, and chemical structures. Spectral analysis indicated that sulfate groups were successfully introduced on arabinogalactan. Sulfated products showed different degrees of s...
Source: Carbohydrate Polymers - Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 22 March 2019Source: Pharmacology Biochemistry and BehaviorAuthor(s): Tania Molina-Jiménez, Martín Jiménez-Tlapa, Malinalli Brianza-Padilla, Rossana Citlali Zepeda, Marisela Hernández-González, Herlinda Bonilla-JaimeAbstractAdministering clomipramine during the early days of life induced several behavioral and neurochemical alterations in adult male rats, which resemble major depression disorder. The alterations affected sexual performance, which is considered a reward-seeking behavior regulated by the dopaminergic system. Given that estrogen receptors a...
Source: Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 March 2019Source: The Journal of Supercritical FluidsAuthor(s): Daniel Ribeiro Grijó, Danielle Lazarin Bidoia, Celso Vataru Nakamura, Ignacio Vieitez Osorio, Lúcio Cardozo-FilhoAbstractThe inhibitory effects of Cannabis flower extracts, obtained by supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO2) with and without modifier, on various human tumour cells and non-tumour cells were evaluated. Different techniques were used to optimize the polarity interaction between solute and solvent before extraction. An increase in the cannabinoid content of interest (CBD/THC) was evaluated by decarb...
Source: The Journal of Supercritical Fluids - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 22 March 2019Source: European Polymer JournalAuthor(s): Qian Zou, Fangli Hou, Hong Wang, Yonggui Liao, Qin Wang, Yajiang YangAbstractMultifunctional alginate microspheres encapsulated with in situ-formed bismuth sulfide nanoparticles (denoted as Bi2S3@BCA) were developed in this work. In comparison with conventional hybrid polymer microspheres usually involved in complicate preparation process, Bi2S3@BCA microspheres can be easily one-step prepared using a droplet-based microfluidic technique with alginate as a soft template and microspheric matrix. As-prepared Bi2S3@BCA microspheres has ...
Source: European Polymer Journal - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 March 2019Source: European Polymer JournalAuthor(s): Aliyeh Ghamkhari, Farideh Mahmoodzadeh, Marjan Ghorbani, Hamed HamishehkarAbstractGold nanoparticles have been used for centuries in medicine for clinical procedures. In this context, gold nanorods are considered as very promising in cancer therapy. For this purpose, gold nanorods (GNRs) coated by stimuli-responsive thiol-end capped ABC triblock copolymer [poly (metacrylic acid)-block-poly (N-isopropylacrylamide)-block-poly (N,N-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate)-SH; P(MAAc-b-NiPAAM-b-DMAEMA)-SH] for intracellular delivery of doxorubic...
Source: European Polymer Journal - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 March 2019Source: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering AspectsAuthor(s): Yongchao Zhang, Zhenfen Tian, Xiaotong Zhao, Na Li, Vasil M. Garamus, Peihao Yin, Aihua ZouAbstractBufalin, a traditional oriental medicine, has been incorporated into liposomes for better targeted drug delivery. Bufalin-loaded liposome (L-BF), bufalin-loaded PEGylated liposome (L-PEG-BF) and bufalin-loaded RGD targeted PEGylated liposome (L-RGD-PEG-BF) were successfully developed with homogeneous particle size and sufficient physical stability in 30 days. The entrapment efficiency (EE) and dru...
Source: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
In this study, we reported a dual HDAC and DNMT inhibitor 208 and found it induced G1 cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in U937 cells. Proteome and bioinformatic analyses revealed that the combined inhibition of DNMT1 and HDAC by 208 affected the expression of a series of proteins involved in many biological processes. We observed that several proteins associated with G1 cell cycle arrest and apoptosis were down regulated after 208 treatment, including p85α, MEK, and CDK4, suggesting that 208 induces cell cycle arrest and apoptosis through the p85α/MEK-mediated pathway in U937 cells. Moreover, biological function...
Source: Chinese Chemical Letters - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
Chem. Commun., 2019, Advance Article DOI: 10.1039/C9CC01442J, CommunicationKeonwook Nam, Taehyung Kim, Young Min Kim, Kyungjik Yang, Deokyoung Choe, Lawrence B. Mensah, Ki Young Choi, Young Hoon Roh The size-tunable polymerized DNA nanoparticles (PDNs) for cancer-targeted drug delivery were synthesizedvia sequential processes of rolling circle amplification, condensation, and layer-by-layer assembly. To cite this article before page numbers are assigned, use the DOI form of citation above. The content of this RSS Feed (c) The Royal Society of Chemistry
Source: RSC - Chem. Commun. latest articles - Category: Chemistry Authors: Source Type: research
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