Notice of Funding Opportunity: Bioethics and Disability

This report would examine developments at the state and federal-level, court cases, and current views from stakeholders. Policy Questions Which states have PAS laws and what do those laws provide? What protections against abuse of PAS?What have the Supreme Court and lower courts held regarding individuals’ rights under PAS laws? The laws themselves?Is there evidence that persons with disabilities are being denied treatment by insurance companies but offered PAS instead, as NCD predicted?How is PAS viewed by disability organizations? Has this evolved in the past 13 years? If so why? If not, why?Are persons with disabilities that seek PAS denied? On what grounds? Are these grounds widespread/common across laws?Have NCD’s previous recommendations on PAS been implemented? Which were implemented, which were not?Genetic Testing for Disability Genetic testing includes diagnostic and carrier testing. Diagnostic testing involves identifying current disease states. This includes prenatal and newborn screening—the most common forms of genetic testing. Carrier testing determines whether an individual carries a certain genetic trait. Examples of disorders for which genetic tests are available are Huntington's disease, cystic fibrosis, breast cancer, Down's syndrome, sickle cell anemia, and phenylketonuria. There are ethical implications of genetic testing for disability because of the potential for discrimination. Long before genetic testing existed, genetic discriminati...
Source: blog.bioethics.net - Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Tags: Health Care syndicated Source Type: blogs

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Authors: Schürhoff F, Fond G, Berna F, Bulzacka E, Godin O, Boyer L, Misdrahi D, Andrianarisoa M, Brunel L, Coulon N, Aouizerate B, Capdevielle D, Chereau I, D'Amato T, Dubertret C, Dubreucq J, Faget C, Gabayet F, Mallet J, Rey R, Lancon C, Passerieux C, Schandrin A, Urbach M, Vidailhet P, Leboyer M, Llorca PM, FACE-SZ (FondaMental Academic Centers of Expertise for Schizophrenia) group Abstract OBJECTIVES: The present article is a synthesis of the first 10 years of follow-up of the FondaMental Academic Center of Expertise for Schizophrenia (FACE-SZ) cohort. METHODS: More than 700 community-dwelli...
Source: L Encephale - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 October 2018Source: Respiratory Medicine Case ReportsAuthor(s): Mari Tone, Nobuyasu Awano, Minoru Inomata, Naoyuki Kuse, Tatsunori Jo, Hanako Yoshimura, Yoshiaki Furuhata, Tamiko Takemura, Toshio Kumasaka, Takehiro IzumoAbstractCorrect staging of lung cancer is important for the selection of the best therapy, but discriminating between lymphadenopathy from lung cancer and from sarcoidosis by imaging examinations is difficult. Additionally, distinguishing lymphadenopathy of sarcoidosis from sarcoid reactions which are sometimes caused by lung cancer is difficult on imaging and pathologi...
Source: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
We present a case of ovarian clear-cell carcinoma that was initially diagnosed as adenocarcinoma of lung origin. This is an instructive diagnostic pitfall for clinicians and pathologists because of the unusual clinical course, small biopsy material, and noteworthy immunophenotype of the carcinoma. Imaging analysis identified only lung and liver lesions. In addition, the biopsy specimen from the lung was TTF-1 negative and napsin A positive, which is still possible for cancer of lung origin. Postmortem examination found that the cancer should be classified as ovarian clear-cell carcinoma distinguished by positive staining f...
Source: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Conclusions Physiotherapy interventions can be a safe and beneficial option for spasticity in people with multiple sclerosis. No firm conclusion can be drawn on overall spasticity. Further researches in different spasticity aspects are needed.
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Research Articles Source Type: research
Conclusions Somatosensory stimulation can improve objective outcomes of motor training for moderate-to-severe hemiparesis less than 12 mos after stroke, although it needs to be determined whether the magnitude of between-groups differences in this study is clinically relevant. Future studies should investigate the intervention's impact on disability and functional recovery for this population as well as neurophysiological mechanisms underlying intervention effects.
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Research Articles Source Type: research
Objective The aim of the study was to systematize the disability condition related to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis patients using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) and narrative medicine approach as a common tool to identify a patient's functional problems. Once identified, this can be used as the basis for an individual rehabilitation project. Design This is an observational study on patients residing in a central region of Italy with a diagnosis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. The narrative approach involved listening to the patients' stories while guiding them with a se...
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Research Articles Source Type: research
No abstract available
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Erratum Source Type: research
No abstract available
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Research Articles Source Type: research
No abstract available
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: AAP Position Statement Source Type: research
The case of a patient with an actively bleeding pseudoaneurysm associated with remnants of a polytetrafluoroethylene femoral bypass graft in his transfemoral residual limb is described. Initial graft placement was due to peripheral arterial disease. During subsequent transfemoral amputation, remnants of the nonpatent graft were retained in the residuum. After 4 yrs of lower limb prosthesis use, a proximal anastomosis pseudoaneurysm developed (with avulsion of graft remnants). The patient presented to clinic with a 5-day history of increased left groin fullness and largely nonradiating pain (rated 10/10). He was diagnosed w...
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research
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