America ’s Drinking Habits Are Killing More Young People, Study Suggests
Liver disease deaths are growing more common in the U.S. and disproportionately affecting younger Americans, according to a recent study. The paper, published in The BMJ just a day after a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) report on rising liver cancer death rates, paints a troubling picture of how Americans’ drinking habits may be affecting their health. While the new study couldn’t prove causation, the researchers say drinking is likely to blame for the growing number of adults aged 24 to 35 who are dying from cirrhosis, or scarring of the liver. The researchers used deaths logged in the CDC&r...
Source: TIME: Health - July 21, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Jamie Ducharme Tags: Uncategorized healthytime onetime Research Source Type: news

The role of family absolute and relative income in suicide among Chinese rural young adults: mediation effects of social support and coping strain - Zhou Q, Zhang J, Hennessy DA.
BACKGROUND: suicide is a major public health issue in China. However, research on the impact of absolute and relative economic stats on suicide is scarce among the Chinese population, particularly rural young adults. Using a case-control psychological auto... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Young Adults Source Type: news

Social support, dysfunctional coping, and community reintegration as predictors of PTSD among human trafficking survivors - Okech D, Hansen N, Howard W, Anarfi JK, Burns AC.
Human trafficking exerts psychological effects on survivors that persist after intervention, and even after community reintegration. Effects include anxiety, depression, alienation, disorientation, aggression, suicidal ideation, attention deficit, and post... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

A review of suicide prevention programs and training policies for pharmacists - Carpenter DM, Lavigne JE, Roberts CA, Zacher J, Colmenares EW.
This study's objectives were to: 1) report state training requirements for pharmacist suicide education; and 2) d... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Program and Other Evaluations, Effectiveness Studies Source Type: news

Risk factors for recent suicide attempts in major depressive disorder patients in China: results from a national study - Xin LM, Chen L, Su YA, Yang FD, Wang G, Fang YR, Lu Z, Yang HC, Hu J, Chen ZY, Huang Y, Sun J, Wang XP, Li HC, Zhang JB, Si TM.
Objective: To analyze the factors associated with recent suicide attempts including socio-demographic and clinical characteristics in major depressive disorder (MDD) patients in China. Methods: The data were from a nationwide sample from 13 m... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Suicidality among psoriasis patients: a critical evidence synthesis - Wu KK, Armstrong AW.
Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease with under-investigated and underappreciated links to psychiatric comorbidities, including anxiety, depression, and suicidality. In this review, we synthesize and discuss the literature investigating the ass... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Suicide behaviour in Colombia - Acosta CAP.
[Abstract unavailable] Language: es... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Suicide: an unrecognized epidemic among farmers - Jones MS, Reed DB, Hunt ML.
Stress and depression are prevalent among farmers, and suicide has reached epidemic status. Occupational health nurses are in key positions to recognize these mental health issues and use strategies to control this epidemic. Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Commentary Source Type: news

Impact of trauma on suicide prevention helpline operators - Laimou D.
Based on the clinical experience acquired with suicide prevention helplines, it is possible to examine how the clinician experiences the interaction. Taking into account certain aspects of the caller-operator relationship is indeed essential for the improv... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

"I can't crack the code": what suicide notes teach us about experiences with mental illness and mental health care - Furqan Z, Sinyor M, Schaffer A, Kurdyak P, Zaheer J.
OBJECTIVE: While mental illness is a risk factor for suicidal behaviour and many suicide decedents receive mental health care prior to death, there is a comparative lack of research that explores their experiences of mental illness and care. Suicide notes ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Atypical and severe nonsuicidal self-injury as an indicator of severe psychopathology: findings from a sample of high-risk community mental health clients - Hom MA, Rogers ML, Schneider ME, Chiurliza B, Doerfler LA, Walsh BW, Joiner TE.
This study examined whether atypical/severe nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI; e.g., foreign body ingestion, cutting necessitating sutures) serves as a marker of severe psychopathology among 467 adult community mental health clients (n = 33 with an atypical/se... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Factors contributing to cancer-related suicide: a study of root-cause analysis reports - Aboumrad M, Shiner B, Riblet N, Mills PD, Watts BV.
OBJECTIVE: Vast efforts are directed toward curing or prolonging the life of patients with cancer. However, less attention is given to mental health aspects of cancer care, and there is elevated incidence of death by suicide in this population. Evaluating ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

High risk of suicide among high-school learners in uMgungundlovu District, KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa - Khuzwayo N, Taylor M, Connolly C.
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, suicide affects the most vulnerable populations, including adolescents and young adults. It is estimated that suicide will contribute more than 2% to the global burden of disease by 2020. Information about the prevalence of suicidal ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

High serum levels of tenascin-C are associated with suicide attempts in depressed patients - Peng R, Dai W, Li Y.
The proteomic study reported that Tenascin-C might be a diagnostic biomarker for major depressive disorder, but clinical studies of this potential relationship are lacking. Here we examined the association between tenascin-C levels in serum and suicide att... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Predictors of lifetime suicide attempts in individuals with attenuated psychosis syndrome - Zuschlag ZD, Korte JE, Hamner M.
This study aimed to meet this need by examining potential risk fac... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

The neural basis of fear promotes anger and sadness counteracts anger - Zhan J, Ren J, Sun P, Fan J, Liu C, Luo J.
In contrast to cognitive emotion regulation theories that emphasize top-down control of prefrontal-mediated regulation of emotion, in traditional Chinese philosophy and medicine, different emotions are considered to have mutual promotion and counteraction ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

OncoBreak: Cannabinoids for Cancer; Preventing Suicide; Dinner Time and Cancer
(MedPage Today) -- News, features, and commentary about cancer-related issues (Source: MedPage Today Public Health)
Source: MedPage Today Public Health - July 19, 2018 Category: American Health Source Type: news

Improving Care to Prevent Suicide among People with Serious Mental Illness - A Workshop
September 11 - 12, 2018, Washington DC. (Source: HSR Information Central)
Source: HSR Information Central - July 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

It's Up to Us to Prevent Trainee Docs' Suicide
(MedPage Today) -- Achieveable steps to end the epidemic (Source: MedPage Today Psychiatry)
Source: MedPage Today Psychiatry - July 19, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: news

Increased burden of suicidality among young street-involved sex workers who use drugs in Vancouver, Canada - Barker B, Hadland SE, Dong H, Shannon K, Kerr T, Debeck K.
This study sought to evaluate if street-involved youth who engage in sex work were at an elevated risk for attempting suicide. ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Laryngohyoid fractures in suicidal hanging: a prospective autopsy study with an updated review and critical appraisal - Z átopková L, Janik M, Urbanová P, Mottlová J, Hejna P.
Laryngohyoid fractures in hanging victims are one of the most studied and paradoxically contradictory topics in forensic pathology. According to literary sources, the incidence of laryngohyoid fractures in hanging varies significantly, from 0% to 100%. To ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Drowning, Suffocation Source Type: news

Medical students' perspectives on euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide and their views on legalising these practices in South Africa - Jacobs RK, Hendricks M.
BACKGROUND: Euthanasia/physician-assisted suicide have been a controversial and sometimes taboo topic for a long time, not only in South Africa (SA) but also internationally. A recent (SA) judicial case has seen the topic debated again. Consensus on accept... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

The integrated motivational-volitional model of suicidal behaviour - O'Connor RC, Kirtley OJ.
Suicide is a major public health concern accounting for 800 000 deaths globally each year. Although there have been many advances in understanding suicide risk in recent decades, our ability to predict suicide is no better now than it was 50 years ago. The... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

Mood instability contributes to impulsivity, non-suicidal self-injury, and binge eating/purging in people with anxiety disorders - Peters EM, Bowen R, Balbuena L.
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine whether mood instability in people with anxiety disorders contributes to trait impulsivity, non-suicidal self-injury, and binge eating/purging. METHODS: Data were analysed from a general popula... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Proopiomelanocortin (POMC) sequencing and developmental delay: preliminary evidence for a SNP in the 3' UTR region of the POMC gene-Possible relevance for biological risk and self-injurious behavior - Damerow JA, Tervo RC, Ehrhardt M, Panoskaltsis-Mortari A, Symons FJ.
The proopiomelanocortin (POMC) molecule has been implicated in models of self-injurious behavior (SIB) in neurodevelopmental disorders, but it has never been specifically sequenced in search of base specific polymorphisms. The empirical focus of this preli... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Suicidal ideation and suicide attempts in persons with gender dysphoria - Garc ía-Vega E, Camero A, Fernández M, Villaverde A.
The objective of this research is to anal... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

The associations between non-suicidal self-injury and first onset suicidal thoughts and behaviors - Kiekens G, Hasking P, Boyes M, Claes L, Mortier P, Auerbach RP, Cuijpers P, Demyttenaere K, Green JG, Kessler RC, Myin-Germeys I, Nock MK, Bruffaerts R.
BACKGROUND: Theoretical and empirical literature suggests that non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is an important correlate of suicide risk. The present study was designed to evaluate: (a) whether NSSI is associated with increased odds of subsequent onsets of... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

The benefits and risks of asking research participants about suicide: a meta-analysis of the impact of exposure to suicide-related content - Blades CA, Stritzke WGK, Page AC, Brown JD.
One obstacle potentially hindering research on suicide is the assumption that assessing suicide may make individuals more likely to engage in suicidal thoughts or behaviours; a concern expressed by ethics committees, researchers, and clinicians. However, d... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

The lure of death: suicide and human evolution - Humphrey N.
At some point in evolutionary history, human beings came to understand, as no non-human animals do, that death brings to an end a person's bodily and mental presence in the world. A potentially devastating consequence was that individuals, seeking to escap... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Drugs alone won't fix our epidemic of depression | James S Gordon
To fight a rising tide of depression and suicide, psychiatrists need to do more than just fill patients up with pillsThe New York Times recently published an important investigative reportshining a long-overdue light on the painful, sometimes disabling experience of withdrawing from antidepressants – drugs that millions of Americans have been taking, sometimes for decadesThe recent deaths ofKate Spade andAnthony Bourdain threw into stark relief the human toll that depression can take. But the problem is complex, with multiple factors. We are seeing a striking increase in the number of Americans diagnosed with depress...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - July 19, 2018 Category: Science Authors: James S Gordon Tags: Depression Science Mental health Medicine Source Type: news

App, Brief Intervention may be Lifesaver for Suicidal Teens
A troubled teenager is hospitalized with suicidal thoughts. The patient is diagnosed, medicated, and counseled by a team of experts. The teen is sent home a few days later, and the following week the parent finds the child's bedsheets fashioned into a noose. The scenario is tragically common in the field of psychiatry, which has long struggled to develop strategies to help adolescents cope with recurring thoughts of suicide in the weeks after leaving the hospital. (Source: eHealth News EU)
Source: eHealth News EU - July 19, 2018 Category: Information Technology Tags: Featured Research Research and Development Source Type: news

Developing and Delivering Effective Suicide Prevention Messaging: We All Play a Role!
July 25, 2018 1:00-2:00pm ET. (Source: HSR Information Central)
Source: HSR Information Central - July 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

App, brief intervention may be lifesaver for suicidal teens
(UT Southwestern Medical Center) A preliminary study from UT Southwestern's O'Donnell Brain Institute shows an intervention program that includes a personalized app could make a difference: Researchers found the rate of attempted suicides by teenagers who received the intervention was halved compared to those who received the standard care during their hospitalization. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - July 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Connections that moderate risk of non-suicidal self-injury among transgender and gender non-conforming youth - Taliaferro LA, McMorris BJ, Eisenberg ME.
We examined associations between social connections and non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) among transgender/gender non-conforming (TGNC) youth. Data came from the 2016 Minnesota Student Survey (N  = 2168). Logistic regression analyses determined connected... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Perceptions of anger and aggression in rural adolescent Australian males - Edwards P, van de Mortel T, Stevens J.
Problematic anger is often the outward manifestation and expression of deeper mental health issues in young men with strong links to depression, aggression, and suicide. Few studies have explored adolescent anger and aggression from the perspective of adol... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Prevalence and associated factors of suicide ideation and attempt among adolescent high school students in Dangila Town, Northwest Ethiopia - Amare T, Meseret Woldeyhannes S, Haile K, Yeneabat T.
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a major public health problem and is common among adolescents worldwide. The true extent of the problem in Ethiopia is difficult to ascertain as suicides and suicidal behavior are significantly underreported and understudied. ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Depression: diagnosis and suffering as process - Petersen A, Madsen OJ.
The high rates of depression - as well as the widespread diagnosis of depression - are both controversial and contested in contemporary late-modern society. Issues of flawed definition have been voiced to account for the bourgeoning rates of depression and... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Modes of resting functional brain organization differentiate suicidal thoughts and actions: a preliminary study - Caceda R, Bush K, James GA, Stowe ZN, Kilts CD.
OBJECTIVE: A major target in suicide prevention is interrupting the progression from suicidal thoughts to action. Use of complex algorithms in large samples has identified individuals at very high risk for suicide. We tested the ability of data-driven patt... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Neuroticism confers vulnerability in response to experimentally induced feelings of thwarted belongingness and perceived burdensomeness: implications for suicide risk - Hartley EL, Stritzke WGK, Page AC, Blades CA, Parentich KT.
This study investigated the role of individual differences in neuroticism in conferring increased reactivity to the interpersonal antecedents for suicide proposed by the interpersonal theory of suicide. METHOD: Undergraduate students (N... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Supporting LGBT Lives? Complicating the suicide consensus in LGBT mental health research - Bryan A, Mayock P.
This article locates itself within an emergent, counter-discursive body of scholarship that is critical of universalizing depictions portraying queer-identified or LGBT youth as vulnerable and 'at-risk' of a range of negative mental health outcomes, includ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

The relationship between neuropsychological performance and depression in patients with traumatic brain injury - Joosub N, Cassimjee N, Cramer A.
Traumatic brain injury is a multi-faceted condition that affects individuals on physical, cognitive, and emotional levels. The study investigated the relationship between depression and neuropsychological performance in a group with traumatic brain injury.... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Destiny's Child's Michelle Williams 'proudly' seeking mental health help
The Destiny's Child singer has previously spoken about being depressed and "suicidal". (Source: BBC News | Health | UK Edition)
Source: BBC News | Health | UK Edition - July 18, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Study offers strategies to prevent death by suicide in patients with cancer
(Wiley) In addition to focusing on curing or prolonging the life of patients with cancer, it is important to also address mental health aspects of cancer care, especially because there is an elevated incidence of death by suicide in this patient population. A new Psycho-Oncology analysis uncovers opportunities to mitigate the risk of death by suicide among patients with cancer. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - July 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Social media can help with recovery for those who self-injure, U of G prof finds
(University of Guelph) Those who engage in non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) often go online for information and support.The researcher measured how online comments about self-injury affected the attitudes about recovery in people who have engaged in self-injury.While there is growing concern that accessing NSSI content online may hinder recovery, the researcher found exposure to positive comments improved participants' attitudes about recovery and pessimistic comments didn't increase a sense of hopelessness. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - July 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

UCLA faculty voice: Providing support for those mourning a death by suicide
UCLALekeisha A. SumnerLekeisha A. Sumner is an assistant clinical professor of psychiatry and biobehavioral sciences at UCLA. Thisop-ed appeared in The Conversation.Recent headlines of celebrities and their loved ones who have died by suicide — Kate Spade, Anthony Bourdain, and Tina Turner’s son Craig Turner — have made thisleading cause of death a topic of mainstream conversations. Globally, suicide accounts formore deaths than homicide and war combined. Annually, an estimated 48 million people experience grief to suicide loss worldwide. As rates in the United States increase, it is likely that many...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - July 18, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Teen suicide risk may be lower with intense team-based therapy
(Reuters Health) - Adolescents who have harmed themselves or tried to commit suicide may be less likely to do it again when they participate in an intense therapy program focused on both individual and family treatment, a U.S. study suggests. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - July 17, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

Astronomers discover 12 new moons orbiting Jupiter - one on collision course with the others
A head-on collision between two Jovian moons would create a crash so large it would be visible from earthOne of a dozen new moons discovered around Jupiter is circling the planet on a suicide orbit that will inevitably lead to its violent destruction, astronomers say.Valetudo (one of Jupiter's moons) is driving down the highway on the wrong side of the road.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - July 17, 2018 Category: Science Authors: Ian Sample Science editor Tags: Science Astronomy Jupiter Space Source Type: news

A team of Toronto researchers examined nearly 300 suicide notes. Here's what they found
Powerlessness, battling with mental illness and self-blame are common themes found in suicide notes, according to a study from Canadian researchers that recommends health-care professionals target those issues in treatment and prevention programs. (Source: CBC | Health)
Source: CBC | Health - July 17, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: News/Canada/Toronto Source Type: news

Brief Safety Plan Intervention in ER Can Cut Suicidal Behavior
TUESDAY, July 17, 2018 -- Use of the Safety Planning Intervention (SPI) plus follow-up phone calls for suicidal patients presenting in the emergency department cuts suicidal behavior and increases the likelihood of outpatient mental health treatment... (Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News)
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - July 17, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Evaluating the feasibility and effectiveness of an Australian safety planning smartphone application: a pilot study within a tertiary mental health service - Melvin GA, Gresham D, Beaton S, Coles J, Tonge BJ, Gordon MS, Stanley B.
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the feasibility and effectiveness of a suicide prevention smartphone application. METHOD: Thirty-six non-Aboriginal Australians aged between 16 and 42  years (67% female) were recruited from a ter... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 17, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Media, Marketing, and Internet Issues Source Type: news