The effectiveness of active learning strategies in gatekeeper training on behavioral outcomes - Godoy Garraza L, Kuiper N, Cross WF, Hicks B, Walrath C.
BACKGROUND: Studies of suicide prevention gatekeeper trainings (GKT) show temporary enhancements in short-term behavioral outcomes and limited enhancements in intermediate behavioral outcomes. Aims: We aimed to examine the impact of two training enhancemen... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 5, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Program and Other Evaluations, Effectiveness Studies Source Type: news

Engaging primary care professionals in suicide prevention: a qualitative study - Elzinga E, de Kruif AJTCM, de Beurs DP, Beekman ATF, Franx G, Gilissen R.
In health systems with strongly developed primary care, such as in the Netherlands, effectively engaging primary care professionals (PCPs) in suicide prevention is a key strategy. As part of the national Suicide Prevention Action Network (SUPRANET), a prog... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 5, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

Estimating patterns in the under-reporting of suicide deaths in India: comparison of administrative data and Global Burden of Disease Study estimates, 2005-2015 - Arya V, Page A, Armstrong G, Kumar GA, Dandona R.
BACKGROUND: It has been proposed that the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), which reports suicides in India, differentially underenumerates suicides by geographic and demographic factors. We assessed the extent of potential underenumeration by compa... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 5, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

Suicidal ideation across race in a justice-involved sample: an item response theory approach - Ruchensky JR, Balsis S, Edens JF, Douglas KS.
OBJECTIVES: Compared to community samples, rates of suicide are much higher in forensic and correctional settings, yet limited research has focused on the development and improvement of suicide assessment methods used in such contexts. Moreover, despite ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 5, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

Alexithymia in people with recurrent suicide attempts - Bergmans Y, Guimond T, Lambert C, McInerney S, O'Brien K.
BACKGROUND: Alexithymia, an inability to identify or describe emotions, is associated with suicidality yet the correlation with single or repeated suicide attempts is less clear. Aims: We aimed to assess the modifiability of alexithymia following a group p... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 5, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Effect of contact-based interventions on stigma and discrimination - Corrigan PW.
[Abstract unavailable] Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 5, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

From suicide prevention to concern for others - Peroche C.
Suicide is a major public health issue that can occur at any age. It is the second leading cause of death in the 15-29 year old group worldwide. In France, the VigilanS healthcare system offers posthospital support for people who have attempted suicide ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 5, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Incidence and risk factors of suicide among patients diagnosed with bladder cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis - Guo Z, Gu C, Li S, Gan S, Li Y, Xiang S, Gong L, Wang S.
This study aimed to assess how bladder cancer increases suicide risk and to identify the demographic and clinical factors associated with suicidal death among patients with bladder ca... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 5, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Motivations for suicide attempts amongst psychiatric inpatients: associations with risk factors and recent suicide attempt characteristics - Suzuki T, Comtois KA, Dickens H, Bagge CL.
Suicide is a major and preventable public health issue and research has identified several distal risk factors for determining individuals at risk for a suicide attempt. However, understanding imminent processes could enhance individualized safety plan ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 5, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Negative emotion dysregulation is linked to the intensity of suicidal ideation in a mixed inpatient sample - Rigucci S, Sarubbi S, Erbuto D, Rogante E, Hantouche EG, Innamorati M, Lester D, Pompili M.
BACKGROUND: Suicide has been associated with dysfunctional strategies for emotion regulation but, so far, research findings have been inconclusive. METHODS: To investigate how difficulties in emotion regulation impact suicidal ideation (SI) and ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 5, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

People exposed to suicide attempts: frequency, impact, and the support received - Hvidkjaer KL, Ranning A, Madsen T, Fleischer E, Eckardt JP, Hjorth øj C, Cerel J, Nordentoft M, Erlangsen A.
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about people who have been exposed to a suicide attempt by someone they know. The purpose of this study was to examine how many people have been exposed to a suicide attempt by someone they knew and whether the exposure was as... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 5, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Primary care and suicidality among psychiatric outpatients: the patient-doctor relationship matters - Schultz K, Sandhu S, Kealy D.
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the current study is to examine the relationship between the quality of the Patient-Doctor Relationship and suicidality among patients seeking mental health care; specifically, whether patients who perceive having a more positive ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 5, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Psychosocial support interventions for improved adherence and retention in ART care for young people living with HIV (10-24  years): a scoping review - Okonji EF, Mukumbang FC, Orth Z, Vickerman-Delport SA, van Wyk B.
BACKGROUND: Mental health disorders such as high levels of anxiety, isolation, depression and suicide ideation reported among young people living with HIV (10-24  years;YPLHIV) contribute significantly to poor medication adherence and retention in care... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 5, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Religious coping, hopelessness, and suicide ideation in subjects with first-episode major depression: an exploratory study in the real world clinical practice - De Berardis D, Olivieri L, Rapini G, Serroni N, Fornaro M, Valchera A, Carano A, Vellante F, Bustini M, Serafini G, Pompili M, Ventriglio A, Perna G, Fraticelli S, Martinotti G, Di Giannantonio M.
This study aimed to evaluate the potential relationships between religious coping, hopelessness, and suicide ideation in adult outpatients with the first episode of major depressive disorder (MDD). METHODS: Ninety-four adult outpatie... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 5, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Sociodemographic and clinical characteristics associated with suicidal behaviour and relationship with a nurse-led suicide prevention programme - Pons-Ba ños J, Ballester-Ferrando D, Riesco-Miranda L, Escoté-Llobet S, Jiménez-Nuño J, Fuentes-Pumarola C, Serra-Millàs M.
Suicidal behaviour is a major public health problem that needs to be tackled by all health agents including mental health nurses. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to analyse the relationship between demographic and clinical characteristics and differ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 5, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Suicide prevention contract: a possibility for reducing the risk of suicidality in outpatient psychoterapy care - Perczel-Forintos D, Zinner-G érecz, Naszvadi E.
The prevention of suicide and self-harm are of particular importance in psychiatric practice handling ade - quate diagnostic procedures. Despite its decreasing tendency, suicide risk is still a serious problem facing our health care system. From the seco... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 5, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

The mask of suicide - Leenaars AA, Dieserud G, Wenckstern S.
Although it has been stated that the majority of suicidal people give definite warnings of their suicidal intention, a percentage of suicidal people may dissemble (or mask), possibly 20%. The aim of this psychological autopsy (PA) study was to explore t... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 5, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Trends in suicidal behavior at a general hospital emergency department in southern Brazil - Lejderman B, Parisotto A, Spanemberg L.
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of and factors associated with suicidal behavior in patients seen at the emergency department (ED) of a general hospital in southern Brazil. METHOD: Descriptive, observational, cross-sectional study. The record... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 5, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Understanding adolescent responses to differently worded suicide attempt questions: results from a large U.S. pediatric sample - Hatkevich C, Grupp-Phelan J, Brent D, Barney BJ, Casper TC, Melzer-Lange M, Cwik M, King CA.
unavailable] Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 4, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

The Joint Commission should reconsider its position on virtual monitoring of suicide risk - Kroll DS, Shah SB, Gorman JM.
unavailable] Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 4, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Commentary Source Type: news

Universal suicide prevention for health care professionals - Schoenbaum M, Ramchand R.
unavailable] Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 4, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Commentary Source Type: news

Universal suicide prevention for health care professionals - Leung TI, Pendharkar S, Chen CYA.
unavailable] Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 4, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Commentary Source Type: news

Universal suicide prevention for health care professionals-reply - Ji YD, Robertson FC, Patel NA.
unavailable] Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 4, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Commentary Source Type: news

Young Epilepsy Patients May Benefit From Mental Health Screening
FRIDAY, Dec. 4, 2020 -- Depression, anxiety and suicidal thoughts are more common in children and teens with epilepsy than previously known, and they should be screened for such problems, researchers report. They assessed 119 children and teens,... (Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews)
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - December 4, 2020 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

Can't get you out of my head: persistence and remission of psychotic experiences in adolescents and its association with self-injury and suicide attempts - Hielscher E, DeVylder J, Hasking P, Connell M, Martin G, Scott JG.
BACKGROUND: Persistent psychotic experiences (PEs) may increase risk for mental disorders, non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI), and suicide attempts, relative to PEs that are more transient and remitting in nature. Most investigations of PE persistence have in... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 4, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Clinical characteristics of suicidal youths and adults: a one-year retrospective study - Besch V, Greiner C, Magnin C, N éris MD, Ambrosetti J, Perroud N, Poulet E, Debbané M, Prada P.
Suicide is a major mental health problem, particularly during youth, when it is the second leading cause of death. Since young people at risk of suicide are often cared for by the adult health system, we sought to identify the specificities and similari... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 4, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Corrigendum to "Bullying victimization, bullying witnessing, bullying perpetration and suicide risk among adolescents: a serial mediation analysis". [Journal of Affective Disorders Volume 273, 1 August 2020, Pages 274-279] - Duan S, Duan Z, Li R, Wilson A, Wang Y, Jia Q, Yang Y, Xia M, Wang G, Jin T, Wang S, Chen R.
The authors regret that there were errors in the abstract (page 274) and section 2.1 (page 275). In the paper, all the participants were recruited from December 2018 to January 2019. But the actual recruitment started in June 2019 and ended in July 2019. ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 4, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Cyberbullying victimization and non-suicidal self-injurious behavior among Chinese adolescents: school engagement as a mediator and sensation seeking as a moderator - Yu C, Xie Q, Lin S, Liang Y, Wang G, Nie Y, Wang J, Longobardi C.
Although a large body of research has indicated that cyberbullying victimization is a crucial risk factor for adolescent non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) behavior, the mediating and moderating mechanisms underlying this relationship remain unclear. To addre... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 4, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Factor structure and measurement invariance of the stigma of suicide scale-short form among adolescents and early adults in Hong Kong - Fong TCT, Yip PSF, Chan MYH, Ho RTH.
This study aimed to examine the psychometric properties of the SOSS-SF in a sample of 1,946 adolescents and earl... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 4, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Suicidal behaviours among adolescents in Liberia - Quarshie ENB, Onyeaka HK, Oppong Asante K.
BACKGROUND: Whereas suicide remains in the top 12 leading causes of death among young people aged 10-24 in sub-Saharan Africa, little is known about suicidal behaviours among adolescents in Liberia. We aimed to estimate the 12-month prevalence and descr... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 4, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Usage and acceptability of the iBobbly App: pilot trial for suicide prevention in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander youth - Tighe J, Shand F, McKay K, Mcalister TJ, Mackinnon A, Christensen H.
BACKGROUND: The proliferation of mental health apps purporting to target and improve psychological wellbeing is ever-growing and also concerning: Few apps have been rigorously evaluated, and, indeed, the safety of the vast majority of them has not been ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 4, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

'Dealing with a lot': Suicide crisis calls mount during COVID-19 pandemic
Distress Centre Calgary says suicide-related calls, texts and chats were up 66 per cent in October compared with the same month in 2019. (Source: CBC | Health)
Source: CBC | Health - December 3, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: News/Canada/Calgary Source Type: news

Global School-based Student Health Survey reveals predictive suicidal behaviors in Brunei Darussalam: a nationwide cross-sectional study - Shahedifar N, Shaikh MA, Oporia F, Wilson ML.
This study aimed to determine the prevalence of and correlates for suicidal behaviors among school attending adolescents in Brunei. Methods: Nationally representative cross-sectional data on (n=2599) adolescents derived from the Global Scho... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 3, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Prevalence and socio-demographic correlates of poor mental health among older adults in agricultural areas of China - Jin Y, Zhang YS, Zhang Q, Rao WW, Zhang LL, Cui LJ, Li JF, Li L, Ungvari GS, Jackson T, Li KQ, Xiang YT.
This study examined the prevalence of poor general mental health among older adults (aged 65 years and above) ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 3, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

This London, Ont. teen wants a national, three-digit suicide help line and politicians are taking action
After not being able to access help herself, a 19-year-old Ontario woman is pushing for a three-digit crisis hotline and politicians are starting to listen.  (Source: CBC | Health)
Source: CBC | Health - December 3, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: News/Canada/London Source Type: news

NHS must review ‘all disciplinary procedures’ by March following nurse’s suicide
Trusts have been urged to reflect on their disciplinary procedures, and review them annually where required, following the death of a senior nurse who took his own life after being dismissed. (Source: HSJ)
Source: HSJ - December 3, 2020 Category: UK Health Source Type: news

Humanity is waging a 'suicidal' war on nature, UN chief warns
UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres issued a searing indictment of humanity's "war" on the environment Wednesday, in a speech on the... (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - December 2, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Unmet job expectations linked to a rise in suicide, deaths of despair
(University of Texas at Austin) The study, published in JAMA Network Open, is the first to link the rise in suicide and drug-poisoning deaths among men without a college degree to declines in working-class jobs. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - December 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

' Clear Evidence' Oral Steroid Effective for'Suicide Headache'' Clear Evidence' Oral Steroid Effective for'Suicide Headache '
A new study provides the first"clear evidence" that oral corticosteroids significantly reduce attacks for patients with cluster headache.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Emergency Medicine Headlines)
Source: Medscape Emergency Medicine Headlines - December 1, 2020 Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news

Adolescents with type 1 diabetes and suicide risk - Kawada T.
Sullivant et al. reported that adolescents with type 1 diabetes (T1D) had an elevated risk of suicide [1]. The authors recommended universal screening for having suicidal ideation to decrease suicide risk in adolescents with T1D, and I fundamentally agree ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Another suicide by sodium nitrite and multiple drugs: an alarming trend for "exit"? - Dur ão C, Pedrosa F, Dinis-Oliveira RJ.
This case report describes a fatal case of sodium nitrite and multiple drug consumption. A 37-year-old female was found in bed with a plastic bottle containing sodium nitrite and a bag containing multiple drugs and a suicide note. The results of the autops... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Detection of suicidality among opioid users on Reddit: machine learning-based approach - Yao H, Rashidian S, Dong X, Duanmu H, Rosenthal RN, Wang F.
BACKGROUND: In recent years, both suicide and overdose rates have been increasing. Many individuals who struggle with opioid use disorder are prone to suicidal ideation; this may often result in overdose. However, these fatal overdoses are difficult to cla... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

The effect of oral dexamethasone administration on testosterone levels in combat veterans with or without a history of suicide attempt - Sher L, Bierer LM, Makotkine I, Yehuda R.
In this study, we examined morning baseline free and total testosterone levels... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Pandemic, ‘Great Reset’ and Resistance
A mother and doctor tend to a young girl with COVID-19 at an intensive care ward in the western region of Chernivtsi, Ukraine. Credit: UNICEF/Evgeniy MaloletkaBy Asoka BandarageCOLOMBO, Sri Lanka , Dec 1 2020 (IPS) According to the Center for Systems Science at Johns Hopkins University, as of November 29th, there have been 62,150,421 COVID-19 cases, including 1,450,338 deaths. And according to the latest ILO reports, as job losses escalate due to lockdowns, nearly half of the global workforce is at risk of losing livelihoods, access to food and the ability to survive. The World Economic Forum states that ‘With some ...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - December 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Asoka Bandarage Tags: Featured Global Headlines Health Human Rights Humanitarian Emergencies Peace TerraViva United Nations Source Type: news

Standing Affirm: Thank a Veteran by Taking a Few Minutes to Assess Suicide Risk in the ED
No abstract available (Source: Emergency Medicine News)
Source: Emergency Medicine News - December 1, 2020 Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Standing Affirm Source Type: news

Depressive symptoms and suicidal ideation among Vietnamese students aged 13-17: results from a cross-sectional study throughout four geographical regions of Vietnam - Tran QA, Le VTH, Nguyen THD.
We conducted a cross-sectional study in four provinces located in four different geographical areas in Vietnam to examine the prevalence and associated factors of depression and suicide ideation among school students aged 13-17. A sample of 6407 students f... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Factors affecting psychological health and suicidal behavior: based on a survey of 10 340 medical students from three universities - Chen J, Geng R.
OBJECTIVE: To explore the factors influencing mental health and suicidal behaviors of medical students and provide a scientific basis for improving their mental health and reducing their suicidal behaviors. METHODS: We conducted a questionnaire-based s... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

In a holiday season unlike any other, avoid unfounded claims about suicide
(Annenberg Public Policy Center of the University of Pennsylvania) The holiday season usually has the lowest monthly suicide rates. And while the COVID-19 pandemic has increased risk factors associated with suicide, the media and the public should be careful this holiday season not to make unfounded claims about suicide trends. Last year, during the holidays and before the pandemic, about half of the newspaper stories that connected the holidays and suicide perpetuated the holiday-suicide myth. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - December 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Kids Helping Kids: the lived experience of adolescents who support friends with mental health needs - Roach A, Thomas SP, Abdoli S, Wright M, Yates AL.
PROBLEM: Adolescent mental health is a significant health care issue. Friends play an important role in the lives of adolescents with mental health concerns and help to improve outcomes related to depression and suicide. However, little is known about the ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Machine learning for suicide risk prediction in children and adolescents with electronic health records - Su C, Aseltine R, Doshi R, Chen K, Rogers SC, Wang F.
Accurate prediction of suicide risk among children and adolescents within an actionable time frame is an important but challenging task. Very few studies have comprehensively considered the clinical risk factors available to produce quantifiable risk score... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news