Storing a loaded gun at home raised soldiers' risk of death by suicide, study finds
Over 1,000 active duty US Army soldiers have died by suicide since 2015, and a new study suggests that reducing those deaths may require limiting access to one of a soldier's most familiar tools: the gun. (Source: CNN.com - Health)
Source: CNN.com - Health - June 7, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Soldiers' Odds for Suicide Quadruple When Loaded Gun at Home
FRIDAY, June 7, 2019 -- Owning their own firearm, carrying it in public and keeping it loaded in the home: These three factors are each tied to a fourfold rise in the likelihood that a U.S. soldier will take his or her own life, a new report... (Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews)
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - June 7, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

Firearms and risk of suicide by US army soldiers
(JAMA Network) Examining to what extent firearm ownership and accessibility may be associated with suicide risk among US Army soldiers was the aim of this psychological autopsy study. The study included 135 soldiers who died by suicide on active duty between 2011-2013; firearms were the most common method with 61 of 111 soldiers who had a documented method of injury dying this way. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Dutch Teenager ’s Death Sets Off Debate, and Media Corrections
The Dutch case of Noa Pothoven, 17, who had written about being a rape victim and her experience with mental illness, ricocheted around the globe. But initial stories got it wrong. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - June 6, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Iliana Magra Tags: Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide Mental Health and Disorders Sex Crimes Depression (Mental) Social Media Arnhem (Netherlands) Hague (Netherlands) Noa Pothoven Source Type: news

A scoping review of evidence-based interventions for adolescents with depression and suicide related behaviors in low and middle income countries - Davaasambuu S, Phillip H, Ravindran A, Szatmari P.
Depression is the number one cause of disability for adolescents. Moreover, depression is the strongest predictor for suicide, which is the second cause for death among adolescents worldwide. A total of 22 RCTs conducted in 14 different LMICs have been rev... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 6, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Community based support for people at risk for suicide and those who care for them - areas for improvement - Finlayson-Short L, Hetrick S, Krysinska K, Harris M, Salom C, Stefanac N, Bailey E, Robinson J.
Objective: To systematically review the quality of evidence regarding the effectiveness of supports for people affected by suicide. Method: EMBASE, MEDLINE and PsychINFO were searched for evaluations of community-based supports for people aff... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 6, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Suicide in Canadian veterans living in Ontario: a retrospective cohort study linking routinely collected data - Mahar AL, Aiken AB, Whitehead M, Tien H, Cramm H, Fear NT, Kurdyak P.
OBJECTIVES: To compare the risk of death by suicide in male veterans with age-matched civilians. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study linking provincial administrative databases between 1990 and 2013 with follow-up complete until death or December 31... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 6, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

What does it mean to be exposed to suicide?: Suicide exposure, suicide risk, and the importance of meaning-making - Miklin S, Mueller AS, Abrutyn S, Ordonez K.
In this study, we address this gap by examining the role of meaning-making after a ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 6, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

First drug to reduce 'suicide headaches' gets FDA approval
On Tuesday, the US Food and Drug Administration approved the self-injectable drug, Emgality, to reduce the number of headaches occur in 'clusters' that are mainly suffered by young men. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - June 6, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Insomnia Drugs: Some More Dangerous Than Others Insomnia Drugs: Some More Dangerous Than Others
The rate of suicide by poisoning, often with sleeping pills, has tripled since 2000, making it essential for clinicians to be aware of the safety of the medications they are prescribing.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Psychiatry Headlines)
Source: Medscape Psychiatry Headlines - June 5, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatry News Source Type: news

Despite increase in rates of non-suicidal self-harm, few people receive medical or psychological support
A new study of non-suicidal self-harm in England, published in The Lancet Psychiatry journal, suggests that rates grew from around 2 per cent to 6 per cent of the population between 2000 and 2014. At the same time, the study noted no evidence of an increase in treatment contact for this group. (Source: University of Bristol news)
Source: University of Bristol news - June 5, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Health, Research; Faculty of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Bristol Medical School Source Type: news

Clinician testimony in suicide litigation: a cause to be uneasy - Simpson S, Reid WH.
This is an illustrative article rather than a research study. We offer opinions and recommendations about what we view as unfortunate clinician testimony in suicide-related malpractice cases, testimony that - inadvertently or not - supports or encourages i... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Adolescents' engagement with crisis hotline risk-management services: a report from the Emergency Department Screen for Teen Suicide Risk (ED-STARS) Study - Busby DR, King CA, Brent D, Grupp-Phelan J, Gould M, Page K, Casper TC.
This study examines the feasibility of a risk-management protocol for adolescent research participants at risk for suicide that relies on engagement with telephone crisis counselors. The study also examines whether engagement is moderated by ado... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Individuals who attempt suicide carry an increased genetic liability for depression, regardless of their psychiatric disorder
(The Mount Sinai Hospital / Mount Sinai School of Medicine) Study provides new information on the genetic basis of suicide attempt. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - June 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Florida Deputy Charged for Inaction During Parkland School Shooting
MIAMI (AP) — The former Florida deputy who stood outside instead of confronting the gunman during last year's Parkland school massacre was arrested Tuesday on 11 criminal charges related to his inaction. Broward State Attorney Mike Satz said in a statement that 56-year-old Scot Peterson faces child neglect, culpable negligence and perjury charges that carry a combined potential maximum prison sentence of nearly 100 years. Peterson, then a Broward County deputy, was on duty as the school resource officer during the February 2018 shooting at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School but never went inside while bullets were ...
Source: JEMS: Journal of Emergency Medical Services News - June 4, 2019 Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: News Administration and Leadership Source Type: news

Bill to legalize assisted suicide in Maine goes to governor
Maine's Legislature has passed a bill to effectively legalize doctor-assisted suicide (Source: ABC News: Health)
Source: ABC News: Health - June 4, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news

Novel Convulsive Therapy May Cut Suicidal Thoughts in BD Novel Convulsive Therapy May Cut Suicidal Thoughts in BD
Magnetic seizure therapy appears effective in treating severe depression and suicidal thoughts while having a more benign effect on cognitive function than electroconvulsive therapy.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines)
Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines - June 4, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: Psychiatry News Source Type: news

Maine legislators OK assisted suicide; bill goes to governor
Maine's Legislature has passed a bill to effectively legalize doctor-assisted suicide (Source: ABC News: Health)
Source: ABC News: Health - June 4, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news

Maine legislators vote to legalize assisted suicide; governor not saying whether she'll sign bill
(Source: ABC News: Health)
Source: ABC News: Health - June 4, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news

Women are being 'let down' by research on cannabis
Two experts, one from York University, reviewed years of scientific literature behind the drug's prominent link to the mental health condition, which can drive patients to suicide. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - June 4, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Excessive daytime sleepiness in medical students of Hunan province: prevalence, correlates, and its relationship with suicidal behaviors - Shen Y, Meng F, Tan SN, Zhang Y, Anderiescu EC, Abeysekera RE, Luo X, Zhang XY.
This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and correlates of EDS among the medical students of Hunan Province, China. The correlati... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Young Adults Source Type: news

The role of opioid use in distinguishing between suicidal ideation and attempts - Anestis MD, Tull MT, Butterworth SE, Richmond JR, Houtsma C, Forbes CN, Gratz KL.
This study aimed to examine the extent to which opioid differentiates between those with suicide attempts from those with lifetime suicid... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Improper study design precludes valid effect estimates in important suicide prevention research - Thorell LH, Wahlin K, Ranstam J.
The observational study design for estimating accuracy of diagnostic tests for suicide risk in clinical work is not ideal, due to the effects of directed suicide prevention to the high-risk group. This is an example of the confounding by indication and pro... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Commentary Source Type: news

Vehicle-assisted ligature decapitation: a case report and a review of the literature - Marchand E, Mesli V, Le Garff E, Pollard J, B écart A, Hédouin V, Gosset D.
Decapitation resulting by vehicle-assisted ligature strangulation is a suicide method rarely described in the literature. The lesions observed at autopsy have a common morphology with to those found in post-hanging decapitation. They depend on the force ap... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Drowning, Suffocation Source Type: news

Meaning in life moderates the association between morally injurious experiences and suicide ideation among U.S. combat veterans: results from the National Health and Resilience in Veterans Study - Corona CD, Van Orden KA, Wisco BE, Pietrzak RH.
OBJECTIVE: Effectively responding to suicide risk among veterans involves further developing understanding of reactions to combat experiences, including life-threatening events, traumatic losses, and morally injurious experiences. An important determinant ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Sex-Specific Impact of Changes in Job Status on Suicidal Ideation - Kim DH, Rodr íguez Andrés A, Leigh JP.
Background: Around the globe, 800,000 people die from suicide every year. Despite being one of the leading causes of death, suicide remains a low public health priority. Korea has the second highest total suicide rate among Organisation for Economic Co-... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Suicide in U.S. women veterans: an interpersonal theory perspective on suicide prevention policies - Schuman DL, Cerel J, Praetorius RT.
Increases in suicide rates for U.S. women Service Members and Veterans have emerged as a public health issue of great concern. Women Veterans are more likely than their civilian counterparts to die by suicide, and rates of suicide for women Veterans are ri... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Suicide risk among U.S. peacekeepers serving in the Bosnia/Kosovo Theater, 1996-2002 - Bullman T, Schneiderman A.
This study compared the risk of suicide through December 2014 among 70,608 veterans who deployed as peacekeepers to Bosnia/Kosovo between 1996 and 2002 to that of 141,715... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

The protective effects of grit on suicidal ideation in individuals with trauma and symptoms of posttraumatic stress - Marie L, Taylor SE, Basu N, Fadoir NA, Schuler K, McKelvey D, Smith PN.
OBJECTIVE: It is important to understand factors that moderate the likelihood of developing suicidal thoughts following traumatic exposure and posttraumatic stress symptoms. METHOD: In this cross-sectional study, a moderated atemporal mediation ana... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Assessing the quality of media reporting of suicide deaths in Bangladesh against World Health Organization guidelines - Arafat SMY, Khan MM, Niederkrotenthaler T, Ueda M, Armstrong G.
Background: Media reporting of suicide events has thus far gone without sufficient scrutiny in Bangladesh. Aim: The purpose of this study was to assess the quality of newspaper reporting of suicides in Bangladesh against international guidelines. Method... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Examining faith-based collaboration in U.S. States' suicide prevention guidelines - Kopacz MS, Nieuwsma JA, Wortmann JH, Reyes ILB, Meador KG.
Faith-based communities (FBCs) are recognized by most states as key players within systematic suicide prevention efforts. The aim of the present study was to conduct a thematic analysis of documents that detail the suicide prevention efforts of individual ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Media portrayals and public health implications for suicide and other behaviors - Vanderweele TJ, Mathur MB, Chen Y.
Accounts of contagion in suicide abound. For example, Émile Durkheim’s 1897 book Suicide: A Study in Sociology documents multiple striking incidents. We might wonder then whether such contagion extends also to the portrayal of suicide in the media. T... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Media, Marketing, and Internet Issues Source Type: news

A survey of people with lived experience of suicide-related behavior in Queensland, Australia - Finlayson-Short L, Hetrick S, Krysinska K, Harris M, Salom C, Bailey E, Robinson J.
Background: Many organizations provide support to people affected by suicide-related behavior, for example, those bereaved by suicide, those who have attempted suicide, and their informal carers. However, evidence regarding how well used, and acceptable... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Program and Other Evaluations, Effectiveness Studies Source Type: news

A study of the characteristics of suicide notes in China - Li F, Lu X, Yip PSF.
This study examines the characteristics of suicide note leavers and analyzes the contents of their suicide notes for the period of 2004 –2016 in Pudong, Shanghai, which h... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Characteristics of the schizophrenia suicide attempts in comparison with the suicide attempts with other diagnosed psychiatric disorders: an Egyptian study - Abdeen MS, Shaker NM, Elrassas HH, Hashim MA, Abo Zeid MY.
BACKGROUND: There has been much literature on schizophrenia, but little is known about the characteristic features of suicide attempts with schizophrenia in comparison with the suicide attempts with other diagnosed psychiatric disorders. AIMS: The objectiv... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Default mode dysfunction underpins suicidal activity in mood disorders - Malhi GS, Das P, Outhred T, Bryant RA, Calhoun V, Mann JJ.
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a serious and not uncommon consequence of mood disorders that occurs primarily when individuals are depressed. Understanding the neurobiology of suicidal activity (thoughts or behaviors) is likely to facilitate prevention. ME... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

How self-compassion moderates the effect of body surveillance on subjective happiness and depression among women - Wollast R, Riemer AR, Bernard P, Leys C, Kotsou I, Klein O.
According to objectification theory (Fredrickson& Roberts, 1997), being treated as an object leads women to engage in self-objectification, which in turn increases body surveillance and body shame as well as impairs mental health. However, very little is ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Interpersonal needs and suicide risk: the moderating roles of sex and brooding - Lear MK, Kozina RM, Stacy SE, Clapp JD, Pepper CM.
OBJECTIVES: This paper tested two moderators, brooding and participant sex, on the respective relations between thwarted belongingness (TB), perceived burdensomeness (PB), and suicide risk. METHOD: Using a cross-sectional design in a sample of unde... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Self-harm in midlife: analysis using data from the Multicentre Study of Self-harm in England - Clements C, Hawton K, Geulayov G, Waters K, Ness J, Rehman M, Townsend E, Appleby L, Kapur N.
BACKGROUND: In England suicide rates are highest in midlife (defined as age 40-59). Despite a strong link with suicide there has been little focus on self-harm in this age group.AimTo describe characteristics and treatment needs of people in midlife who pr... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Suicidality in borderline personality disorder - Paris J.
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is associated with suicidal behaviors and self-harm. Up to 10% of BPD patients will die by suicide. However, no research data support the effectiveness of suicide prevention in this disorder, and hospitalization has no... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

The Lancet Psychiatry: Despite increase in rates of non-suicidal self-harm, few people receive medical or psychological support
(The Lancet) A new study of non-suicidal self-harm in England, published in The Lancet Psychiatry journal, suggests that rates grew from around 2% to 6% of the population between 2000 and 2014. At the same time, the study noted no evidence of an increase in treatment contact for this group. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Suicidal Thoughts Common in Women With PMDD Suicidal Thoughts Common in Women With PMDD
Suicidal ideation, both passive and active, occur in a subgroup of women with premenstrual dysphoric disorder.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Emergency Medicine Headlines)
Source: Medscape Emergency Medicine Headlines - June 3, 2019 Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Psychiatry News Source Type: news

The impact of relational adverse childhood experiences on suicide outcomes during early and young adulthood - Pournaghash-Tehrani SS, Zamanian H, Amini-Tehrani M.
This study aimed at investigating the degree to which relational adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) would affect suicide outcomes during early and young adulthood of Iranian female and male students. In all, 487 undergraduate students (59.2% females) wit... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 3, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Medical News Today: Low-amp electroconvulsive therapy may relieve suicidal thoughts
A new, small trial finds that low-amp electroconvulsive therapy is highly effective in reducing suicidal ideation while having no cognitive side effects. (Source: Health News from Medical News Today)
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - June 3, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Depression Source Type: news

When Social Media Is Really Problematic for Adolescents
Underlying problems may make some young people particularly vulnerable to what they find on social media, an expert says. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - June 3, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Perri Klass, M.D. Tags: Social Media Mental Health and Disorders Teenagers and Adolescence Depression (Mental) Computers and the Internet Suicides and Suicide Attempts Source Type: news

Lower-amp ECT appears effective against suicidal thoughts
(Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University) Nearly half the amplitude typically used in standard electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) seems to be effective at treating suicidal thoughts, investigators report. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 3, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Twice as many children in NJ attempted suicide in 2018 as in 2015
In 2018, 70 children 12 and under attempted suicide by taking too many pills. Another 30 have done so so far this year, and 80 percent are girls, according to New Jersey Poison Control data. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - May 31, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Association of increased youth suicides in the United States with the release of 13 Reasons Why - Niederkrotenthaler T, Stack S, Till B, Sinyor M, Pirkis J, Garcia D, Rockett IRH, Tran US.
IMPORTANCE: On March 31, 2017, Netflix released the show 13 Reasons Why, sparking immediate criticism from suicide prevention organizations for not following media recommendations for responsible suicide portrayal and for possible suicide contagion by medi... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 31, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Nightmares are associated with future suicide attempt and non-suicidal self-injury in adolescents - Liu X, Liu ZZ, Chen RH, Cheng XZ, Bo QG, Wang ZY, Yang Y, Fan F, Jia CX.
OBJECTIVE: To determine which sleep variables, including sleep duration, sleep quality, insomnia symptoms, and nightmares, were significantly and independently associated with subsequent adolescent suicidal behavior and non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI). ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 31, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Pediatricians don't always get adequate suicide-prevention training
(Reuters Health) - Although experts supervising new pediatricians and teaching trainee doctors agree that preventing child and teen suicide is important, most also say current training isn't adequate, according to a new U.S. study. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - May 30, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news