Suicide attempts among people who use drugs: a comparative gender-based analysis using the ANRS-Coquelicot survey in France
. (Source: Drugs: Education, Prevention, and Policy)
Source: Drugs: Education, Prevention, and Policy - June 14, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Candy Jangal Maria Melchior S ébastien de Dinechin Julie Pannetier Marie Jauffret-Roustide Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 6425: Illicit Drug Use in Canada and Implications for Suicidal Behaviors, and Household Food Insecurity: Findings from a Large, Nationally Representative Survey
Conclusions: Our findings suggest that even after people have stopped taking illicit drugs, prior illicit drug use, especially for prior injecting drug use, continues to be associated with increased risks of subsequent suicidal ideation, and plans, and household food insecurity. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - June 14, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Nicola Luigi Bragazzi Dan Beamish Jude Dzevela Kong Jianhong Wu Tags: Article Source Type: research

Intentional pesticide poisoning and pesticide suicides in Nepal
. (Source: Clinical Toxicology)
Source: Clinical Toxicology - June 14, 2021 Category: Toxicology Authors: Rakesh Ghimire Leah Utyasheva Manisha Pokhrel Neshan Rai Birendra Chaudhary Pratap Narayan Prasad Sangha Ratna Bajracharya Bhupendra Basnet Krishna Deo Das Nandu Kumar Pathak Madan Prasad Baral Rajan Pande Pramod Paudel Sanu Krishna Shrestha Sumana Bajrac Source Type: research

Longitudinal Associations between Peer Factors and Suicidal Thoughts and Behaviors Among Sexual Minority Women
Publication date: Available online 11 June 2021Source: Journal of Psychiatric ResearchAuthor(s): Kate Dorrell, Johnny Berona, Alison E. Hipwell, Kate Keenan (Source: Journal of Psychiatric Research)
Source: Journal of Psychiatric Research - June 13, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Just "one of so many"? The pathologist Theodor Fahr (1877-1945) and his ambivalent relationship to National Socialism
This study is based on different types of sources: Various archival documents on Fahr and Kimmelstiel are compared and contrasted with Fahr's unpublished autobiography and the available secondary literature on Fahr and his work. The analysis shows that Fahr's relationship to National Socialism became more distanced over time. However, he did not emerge as a critic of Nazi ideology during the Third Reich - even though he claimed in his memoirs that he had consistently despised Hitler. While Fahr is not to be considered an ardent National Socialist, he held to the stereotype of the "unscrupulous" Jew. The study con...
Source: Pathology, Research and Practice - June 12, 2021 Category: Pathology Authors: Mila J Evers Dominik Gross Stephanie Kaiser Source Type: research

Genetic testing for suicide risk assessment: Theoretical premises, research challenges and ethical concerns
Publication date: Available online 10 June 2021Source: Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Brian L. Mishara, David N. Weisstub (Source: Preventive Medicine)
Source: Preventive Medicine - June 11, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Substance use and deaths by suicide: A latent class analysis of the National Violent Death Reporting System
Publication date: Available online 10 June 2021Source: Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Rachel Culbreth, Monica H. Swahn, Melissa Osborne, Kyle Brandenberger, Krishna Kota (Source: Preventive Medicine)
Source: Preventive Medicine - June 11, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Suicide prevention and COVID ‐19
DiscussionIncrease in suicide is not inevitable and suicide prevention during pandemics and post COVID 19 pandemics requires a collaborative whole system approach. We require real time data to inform dynamic action planning. (Source: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry)
Source: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry - June 11, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Gabriel Ivbijaro, Lucja Kolkiewicz, David Goldberg, Isatou N. S. N'jie, Todd Edwards, Michelle B. Riba, Igor Švab, Jeffrey Geller, Yaccub Enum Tags: SPECIAL ISSUE ARTICLE Source Type: research

Saving Lives: A Systematic Review on the Efficacy of Theory-Informed Suicide Prevention Programs
Community Ment Health J. 2021 Jun 10. doi: 10.1007/s10597-021-00841-6. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTSuicide is a global epidemic. This review assessed the scope and effectiveness of suicide prevention programs. Systematic literature searches were conducted using PsycINFO, ERIC and MEDLINE to retrieve articles published between January 2007 and March 2017 and fulfilled inclusion criteria (studies evaluating the efficacy of theory/model-informed suicide prevention programs in increasing participant knowledge or skills when presented with a peer at risk of suicide). The review is informed by PRISMA guidelines. Of 1398 studie...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 11, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Karien Hill Shawn Somerset Deanne Armstrong Ralf Schwarzer Carina Chan Source Type: research

Body Dysmorphic Disorder Insights in an Inpatient Psychiatric Setting
Case Rep Psychiatry. 2021 May 19;2021:6636124. doi: 10.1155/2021/6636124. eCollection 2021.ABSTRACTBody dysmorphic disorder is a chronic disorder involving imagined or partial appearance defects that lead to significant impairment in everyday life. It is quite prevalent but remains a clinically underdiagnosed psychiatric condition especially in the inpatient psychiatric setting. Onset of body dysmorphic disorder typically begins in adolescence with subclinical symptoms. Over time, symptoms progress to patients meeting the full Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5) criteria. Severe cases...
Source: Case Reports in Psychiatry - June 11, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Zachary A Koenig Sarah Callaham Brittany Waltz Julie Bosley Raja Mogallapu Michael Ang-Rabanes Source Type: research

Laparoscopic Retrieval of Ingested Foreign Body
Oman Med J. 2021 May 31;36(3):e264. doi: 10.5001/omj.2021.35. eCollection 2021 May.ABSTRACTForeign body ingestion is one of the most common presenting complaints in the emergency room. Psychiatric patients that present with an unusual ingested object are frequently associated with the intention of suicide, especially if they have a history of recurrent foreign body ingestion. Radiographic films help in locating the site and predicting the complications. The best method of object retrieval is dependent on many factors and decisions made for the best of patient safety to minimize expected complications. This is a case report...
Source: Oman Medical Journal - June 11, 2021 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Raya Al Shaaibi Ibrahim Al Waili Source Type: research

Saving Lives: A Systematic Review on the Efficacy of Theory-Informed Suicide Prevention Programs
Community Ment Health J. 2021 Jun 10. doi: 10.1007/s10597-021-00841-6. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTSuicide is a global epidemic. This review assessed the scope and effectiveness of suicide prevention programs. Systematic literature searches were conducted using PsycINFO, ERIC and MEDLINE to retrieve articles published between January 2007 and March 2017 and fulfilled inclusion criteria (studies evaluating the efficacy of theory/model-informed suicide prevention programs in increasing participant knowledge or skills when presented with a peer at risk of suicide). The review is informed by PRISMA guidelines. Of 1398 studie...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 11, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Karien Hill Shawn Somerset Deanne Armstrong Ralf Schwarzer Carina Chan Source Type: research

Body Dysmorphic Disorder Insights in an Inpatient Psychiatric Setting
Case Rep Psychiatry. 2021 May 19;2021:6636124. doi: 10.1155/2021/6636124. eCollection 2021.ABSTRACTBody dysmorphic disorder is a chronic disorder involving imagined or partial appearance defects that lead to significant impairment in everyday life. It is quite prevalent but remains a clinically underdiagnosed psychiatric condition especially in the inpatient psychiatric setting. Onset of body dysmorphic disorder typically begins in adolescence with subclinical symptoms. Over time, symptoms progress to patients meeting the full Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5) criteria. Severe cases...
Source: Case Reports in Psychiatry - June 11, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Zachary A Koenig Sarah Callaham Brittany Waltz Julie Bosley Raja Mogallapu Michael Ang-Rabanes Source Type: research

Laparoscopic Retrieval of Ingested Foreign Body
Oman Med J. 2021 May 31;36(3):e264. doi: 10.5001/omj.2021.35. eCollection 2021 May.ABSTRACTForeign body ingestion is one of the most common presenting complaints in the emergency room. Psychiatric patients that present with an unusual ingested object are frequently associated with the intention of suicide, especially if they have a history of recurrent foreign body ingestion. Radiographic films help in locating the site and predicting the complications. The best method of object retrieval is dependent on many factors and decisions made for the best of patient safety to minimize expected complications. This is a case report...
Source: Oman Medical Journal - June 11, 2021 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Raya Al Shaaibi Ibrahim Al Waili Source Type: research

The interpersonal processes of non ‐suicidal self‐injury: A systematic review and meta‐synthesis
ConclusionFindings provide a more nuanced investigation of the interpersonal processes underlying NSSI. Consistent with relevant theories, NSSI appears to be a way of mitigating difficult interpersonal experiences or getting interpersonal needs met. NSSI may be engaged in as a substitute to other, less damaging ways to cope. An argument is made for a more empathetic understanding of NSSI and the use of relational interventions.Practitioner points Self-injury may occur in response to interpersonal stressors Self-injury can be a means to get interpersonal needs met Self-injury may replace other means of coping that becom...
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - June 11, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Kelly ‐Marie Peel‐Wainwright, Samantha Hartley, Angel Boland, Eleanor Rocca, Susanne Langer, Peter J. Taylor Tags: Review Paper Source Type: research

Suicide prevention in older adults
ConclusionsSuicide prevention in older adults should broaden its focus and pay attention to the many socio-environmental conditions that may be relevant in older age, especially social isolation, financial security and physical health. (Source: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry)
Source: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry - June 11, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Carlos Augusto Mendon ça Lima, Diego De Leo, Gabriel Ivbijaro, Igor Svab Tags: SPECIAL ISSUE ARTICLE Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 6326: Prevalence of Suicide Thoughts and Behaviours among Female Garment Workers Who Survived the Rana Plaza Collapse: An In-Depth Inquiry
m Usher The Rana Plaza building collapse occurred on 24 April 2013 in Savar, near the capital city of Bangladesh, killing more than 1130 garment workers and injured about 2500, mostly females. Those who survived face ongoing challenges, including socio-cultural constraints, economic hardship, post-traumatic stress disorders (PTSD), depression, and critical health issues, which may lead to suicidal ideation and death. The aim of this article is to explore why and how female garment workers who survived the Rana Plaza collapse are now at risk of suicide thoughts and behaviours, and suicide death. Unstructured face-to-fac...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - June 11, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Humayun Kabir Myfanwy Maple Md Shahidul Islam Kim Usher Tags: Article Source Type: research

Psychobiological risk factors for suicidal thoughts and behaviors in adolescence: a consideration of the role of puberty
Molecular Psychiatry, Published online: 11 June 2021; doi:10.1038/s41380-021-01171-5Psychobiological risk factors for suicidal thoughts and behaviors in adolescence: a consideration of the role of puberty (Source: Molecular Psychiatry)
Source: Molecular Psychiatry - June 11, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tiffany C. Ho Anthony J. Gifuni Ian H. Gotlib Source Type: research

Toxoplasma gondii, Suicidal Behavior, and Intermediate Phenotypes for Suicidal Behavior
Within the general literature on infections and suicidal behavior, studies on Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) occupy a central position. This is related to the parasite's neurotropism, high prevalence of chronic infection, as well as specific and non-specific behavioral alterations in rodents that lead to increased risk taking, which are recapitulated in humans by T. gondii's associations with suicidal behavior, as well as trait impulsivity and aggression, mental illness and traffic accidents. This paper is a detailed review of the associations between T. gondii serology and suicidal behavior, a field of study that started 1...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - June 11, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Development and Validation of a Score for Screening Suicide of Patients With Neuroendocrine Neoplasms
Background: If the diagnosis of neuroendocrine neoplasm (NEN) increases the risk of patients to commit suicide has not been investigated so far. Identifying NEN patients at risk to commit suicide is important to increase their life quality and life expectancy.Methods and findings: Cancer cases were extracted from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results program and were divided into the NEN and the non-NEN cohorts. Subsequently, the NEN patients were randomly split into a training data set and a validation data set. Analyzing the training data set, we developed a score for assessing the risk to commit suicide for pa...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - June 11, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

A comparison of physician-assisted/Death-with-Dignity death and suicide patterns in older adult women and men
Hastening one's death with medical assistance, a practice that in some jurisdictions is called medical-assistance-in-dying (MAID), has been legal in Oregon, under certain conditions, since 1997, via the Death-With-Dignity-Act (DWDA).(1) Legalization however remains controversial, including among Oregonians.(2) “A sizable proportion of Oregonians oppose the law or would not consider personally participating,” acknowledged Hedberg, Epidemiologist, Oregon Department of Human Services, and Tolle, Director, Oregon's Health and Science University Center for Ethics in Health Care.( 3 p135)1 (Source: The American Journ...
Source: The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry - June 11, 2021 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Silvia Sara Canetto, John L. McIntosh Tags: Regular Research Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 6368: Perceived Risk Factors for Suicide among Nepalese Migrant Workers in South Korea
Conclusions: The findings suggest the need to design tailored mental health promotion programs for migrant workers before departure from Nepal as well as after arrival as migrant workers in South Korea. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - June 11, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Atteraya Ebrahim Gnawali Tags: Article Source Type: research

Phenotypes of caregiver distress in military and veteran caregivers: Suicidal ideation associations
This study sought to identify clusters of characteristics and health factors (phenotypes) associated with suicidal ideation in a sample of military caregivers using a cros s-sectional, web-based survey. Measures included the context of caregiving, physical, emotional, social health, and health history of caregivers. Military caregivers in this sample (n = 458) were mostly young adults (M = 39.8, SD = 9.9), caring for complex medical conditions for five or more years. They reported high symptomology on measures of pain, depression, and stress. Many (39%) experienced interruptions in their education and 23.6% reported suicid...
Source: PLoS One - June 11, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Roxana E. Delgado Source Type: research

Practitioner assessment of mental health in dermatologic disease
Patients with certain dermatologic skin diseases have been found to be at increased risk for depression and suicidal ideation. As there is not much information available on mental health interventions taken in dermatologic practices, we conducted a survey to assess the extent to which dermatologists monitor and follow up with the mental health of their patients. We discovered that dermatologists are aware of mental health issues associated with these dermatologic diseases but have no standard of care for their assessment. By obtaining this information, we can enable ourselves to fill in these deficiencies to help improve p...
Source: Dermatology Online Journal - June 11, 2021 Category: Dermatology Source Type: research

COVID-19 Associated Suicidal Ideation in Older Adults: Two Case Reports with a Review of the Literature
The COVID-19 pandemic may profoundly harm the mental health and emotional well- being of many older adults. Public health interventions to minimize the spread of the virus have had the unintended consequences of worsening social isolation, financial stress, and unemployment. Results of early research efforts assessing the impact of these interventions on the mental health of older adults have been mixed. Available findings suggest that a subset of community-dwelling older adults have been less negatively impacted than younger adults, while people of color, the poor, residents of nursing homes and other communal living envi...
Source: The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry - June 11, 2021 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Niraj K. Asthana, Eamonn Mehaffey, Daniel D. Sewell Tags: Treatment in Geriatric Mental Health: Research in Action Source Type: research

LET's CONNECT Community Mentorship Program for Adolescents with Peer Social Problems: A Randomized Intervention Trial
This study examined the effectiveness of LET's CONNECT (LC), a community mentorship program based on the positive youth development model. Participants were 218 youth (66.5% girls), ages 12 to 15, who reported peer victimization, bullying perpetration, and/or low social connectedness. These youth were randomized to LC or the control group (community resource information). The LC program linked youth to community mentors who connected with youth and facilitated their involvement in social growth activities across a 16-month period. Outcomes were assessed at 6 and 16 months with self-report measures of social and community c...
Source: American Journal of Community Psychology - June 10, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Cheryl A King Polly Y Gipson Alejandra Arango Deanna Lernihan Michael Clark Cynthia Ewell Foster Cleopatra Caldwell Neera Ghaziuddin Deborah Stone Source Type: research

Excess Deaths Reveal the Substantial Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on Mortality in the State of Florida
Am J Public Health. 2021 Jun 10:e1-e2. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2021.306340. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTOur study found that Florida experienced 19 241 excess deaths from March to September 2020.1 Official numbers link 14 317 of these deaths to COVID-19, suggesting that 4924 excess deaths are unexplained. In 2020, Florida experienced a significant increase in all-cause mortality (Table 1), and prior research indicated substantial excess deaths during the pandemic.2-4 Little is known about the change in deaths from non-COVID-19 causes during the pandemic; however, suicidal ideation and substance use increased nationally, for ex...
Source: American Journal of Public Health - June 10, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Moosa Tatar Amir Habibdoust Fernando A Wilson Source Type: research

Excess Deaths Reveal the Substantial Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on Mortality in the State of Florida
Am J Public Health. 2021 Jun 10:e1-e2. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2021.306340. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTOur study found that Florida experienced 19 241 excess deaths from March to September 2020.1 Official numbers link 14 317 of these deaths to COVID-19, suggesting that 4924 excess deaths are unexplained. In 2020, Florida experienced a significant increase in all-cause mortality (Table 1), and prior research indicated substantial excess deaths during the pandemic.2-4 Little is known about the change in deaths from non-COVID-19 causes during the pandemic; however, suicidal ideation and substance use increased nationally, for ex...
Source: Am J Public Health - June 10, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Moosa Tatar Amir Habibdoust Fernando A Wilson Source Type: research

A rare suicide case involving fatal bleeding from varicose veins
J Forensic Sci. 2021 Jun 10. doi: 10.1111/1556-4029.14765. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThis case report deals with a sharp force suicide case, which may challenge the experience of many forensic pathologists as well as the studies published to date. An overview of the published cases shows that sharp force suicides account only for 1.6%-3% of all suicides and the self-inflicted injuries are usually localized on the body parts easily accessible with one's hand including the neck, thorax, or upper extremities, as well as in locations of major vascular bundles or vital organs. Reported, however, is a case in which the victi...
Source: Journal of Forensic Sciences - June 10, 2021 Category: Forensic Medicine Authors: Petr Handlos Kl ára Handlosová Ond řej Klabal Mat ěj Uvíra Source Type: research

LET's CONNECT Community Mentorship Program for Adolescents with Peer Social Problems: A Randomized Intervention Trial
This study examined the effectiveness of LET's CONNECT (LC), a community mentorship program based on the positive youth development model. Participants were 218 youth (66.5% girls), ages 12 to 15, who reported peer victimization, bullying perpetration, and/or low social connectedness. These youth were randomized to LC or the control group (community resource information). The LC program linked youth to community mentors who connected with youth and facilitated their involvement in social growth activities across a 16-month period. Outcomes were assessed at 6 and 16 months with self-report measures of social and community c...
Source: American Journal of Community Psychology - June 10, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Cheryl A King Polly Y Gipson Alejandra Arango Deanna Lernihan Michael Clark Cynthia Ewell Foster Cleopatra Caldwell Neera Ghaziuddin Deborah Stone Source Type: research

Nicotine Inhalation and Suicide: Clinical Correlates and Behavioral Mechanisms
CONCLUSION AND SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: Prevention or cessation of nicotine inhalation can strategically prevent suicidality and other potentially lethal behavior regardless of psychiatric diagnoses. Medications for reducing smoking and suicidality, especially in younger smokers, should consider the neurobehavioral mechanisms for acute impulsivity and longer-term sensitization, potentially modulated more effectively through glutamate antagonism rather than nicotine substitution. (Am J Addict 2021;00:00-00).PMID:34109688 | DOI:10.1111/ajad.13171 (Source: American Journal on Addictions)
Source: American Journal on Addictions - June 10, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Alan C Swann David P Graham Anna V Wilkinson Thomas R Kosten Source Type: research

Nicotine Inhalation and Suicide: Clinical Correlates and Behavioral Mechanisms
CONCLUSION AND SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: Prevention or cessation of nicotine inhalation can strategically prevent suicidality and other potentially lethal behavior regardless of psychiatric diagnoses. Medications for reducing smoking and suicidality, especially in younger smokers, should consider the neurobehavioral mechanisms for acute impulsivity and longer-term sensitization, potentially modulated more effectively through glutamate antagonism rather than nicotine substitution. (Am J Addict 2021;00:00-00).PMID:34109688 | DOI:10.1111/ajad.13171 (Source: The American Journal on Addictions)
Source: The American Journal on Addictions - June 10, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Alan C Swann David P Graham Anna V Wilkinson Thomas R Kosten Source Type: research

LET's CONNECT Community Mentorship Program for Adolescents with Peer Social Problems: A Randomized Intervention Trial
This study examined the effectiveness of LET's CONNECT (LC), a community mentorship program based on the positive youth development model. Participants were 218 youth (66.5% girls), ages 12 to 15, who reported peer victimization, bullying perpetration, and/or low social connectedness. These youth were randomized to LC or the control group (community resource information). The LC program linked youth to community mentors who connected with youth and facilitated their involvement in social growth activities across a 16-month period. Outcomes were assessed at 6 and 16 months with self-report measures of social and community c...
Source: American Journal of Community Psychology - June 10, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Cheryl A King Polly Y Gipson Alejandra Arango Deanna Lernihan Michael Clark Cynthia Ewell Foster Cleopatra Caldwell Neera Ghaziuddin Deborah Stone Source Type: research

Excess Deaths Reveal the Substantial Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on Mortality in the State of Florida
Am J Public Health. 2021 Jun 10:e1-e2. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2021.306340. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTOur study found that Florida experienced 19 241 excess deaths from March to September 2020.1 Official numbers link 14 317 of these deaths to COVID-19, suggesting that 4924 excess deaths are unexplained. In 2020, Florida experienced a significant increase in all-cause mortality (Table 1), and prior research indicated substantial excess deaths during the pandemic.2-4 Little is known about the change in deaths from non-COVID-19 causes during the pandemic; however, suicidal ideation and substance use increased nationally, for ex...
Source: American Journal of Public Health - June 10, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Moosa Tatar Amir Habibdoust Fernando A Wilson Source Type: research

Excess Deaths Reveal the Substantial Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on Mortality in the State of Florida
Am J Public Health. 2021 Jun 10:e1-e2. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2021.306340. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTOur study found that Florida experienced 19 241 excess deaths from March to September 2020.1 Official numbers link 14 317 of these deaths to COVID-19, suggesting that 4924 excess deaths are unexplained. In 2020, Florida experienced a significant increase in all-cause mortality (Table 1), and prior research indicated substantial excess deaths during the pandemic.2-4 Little is known about the change in deaths from non-COVID-19 causes during the pandemic; however, suicidal ideation and substance use increased nationally, for ex...
Source: Am J Public Health - June 10, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Moosa Tatar Amir Habibdoust Fernando A Wilson Source Type: research

A rare suicide case involving fatal bleeding from varicose veins
J Forensic Sci. 2021 Jun 10. doi: 10.1111/1556-4029.14765. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThis case report deals with a sharp force suicide case, which may challenge the experience of many forensic pathologists as well as the studies published to date. An overview of the published cases shows that sharp force suicides account only for 1.6%-3% of all suicides and the self-inflicted injuries are usually localized on the body parts easily accessible with one's hand including the neck, thorax, or upper extremities, as well as in locations of major vascular bundles or vital organs. Reported, however, is a case in which the victi...
Source: Journal of Forensic Sciences - June 10, 2021 Category: Forensic Medicine Authors: Petr Handlos Kl ára Handlosová Ond řej Klabal Mat ěj Uvíra Source Type: research

Nicotine Inhalation and Suicide: Clinical Correlates and Behavioral Mechanisms
CONCLUSION AND SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: Prevention or cessation of nicotine inhalation can strategically prevent suicidality and other potentially lethal behavior regardless of psychiatric diagnoses. Medications for reducing smoking and suicidality, especially in younger smokers, should consider the neurobehavioral mechanisms for acute impulsivity and longer-term sensitization, potentially modulated more effectively through glutamate antagonism rather than nicotine substitution. (Am J Addict 2021;00:00-00).PMID:34109688 | DOI:10.1111/ajad.13171 (Source: American Journal on Addictions)
Source: American Journal on Addictions - June 10, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Alan C Swann David P Graham Anna V Wilkinson Thomas R Kosten Source Type: research

Nicotine Inhalation and Suicide: Clinical Correlates and Behavioral Mechanisms
CONCLUSION AND SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: Prevention or cessation of nicotine inhalation can strategically prevent suicidality and other potentially lethal behavior regardless of psychiatric diagnoses. Medications for reducing smoking and suicidality, especially in younger smokers, should consider the neurobehavioral mechanisms for acute impulsivity and longer-term sensitization, potentially modulated more effectively through glutamate antagonism rather than nicotine substitution. (Am J Addict 2021;00:00-00).PMID:34109688 | DOI:10.1111/ajad.13171 (Source: The American Journal on Addictions)
Source: The American Journal on Addictions - June 10, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Alan C Swann David P Graham Anna V Wilkinson Thomas R Kosten Source Type: research

Is suicide the end point of ageism and human rights violations?
The contributing factors to suicide in older persons are well known, but potential nexus with ageism and human rights violations have not been explored. Risk factors associated with suicide in older persons include male gender and advanced age 85+,(1) medical illness,(2) mental health conditions,(3) psychosocial disability,(2, 4) and accommodation transition into care settings.(5) Qualitative research has given meaning to risk factors of loneliness, social disconnection,(6-9) and perceptions of burdensomeness,(7, 8) loss of meaning,(6, 9, 10) family and healthcare provider invalidation, hopelessness and rejection.(9-11) Us...
Source: The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry - June 10, 2021 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Anne Wand, Hilde Verbeek, Cecile Hanon, Carlos Augusto de Mendon ça Lima, Kiran Rabheru, Carmelle Peisah Tags: Suicide and human rights Source Type: research

Roy-Camille Type 3 suicidal jumper & #39;s fractures: Case series and review of the literature
Conclusions: In our opinion, a modified Roy-Camille classification could be useful in the assessment of prognostic and therapeutic aspects of such fractures, In our opinion, a modified Roy-Camille classification could help assess the prognostic and therapeutic aspects of such fractures, in which the severity of the dislocation affects the surgical technique, the chance of neurological recovery, and the patient's life expectancy. (Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine)
Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine - June 10, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Giuseppe Emmanuele Umana Marco Teli Bipin Chaurasia Maurizio Passanisi Gianfranco Longo Angelo Spitaleri Marco Fricia Santino Ottavio Tomasi Giancarlo Ponzo Giovanni Federico Nicoletti Salvatore Cicero Massimiliano Visocchi Gianluca Scalia Source Type: research

Economic uncertainty and suicide in the United States
AbstractPrevious studies have found an association between recessions and increased rates of suicide. In the present study we widened the focus to examine the association between economic uncertainty and suicides. We used monthly suicide data from the US at the State level from 2000 to 2017 and combined them with the monthly economic uncertainty index. We followed a panel data econometric approach to study the association between economic uncertainty and suicide, controlling for unemployment and other indicators. Economic uncertainty is positively associated with suicide when controlling for unemployment [coeff: 8.026; 95%...
Source: European Journal of Epidemiology - June 10, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

The Cedar Project: Relationship between child apprehension and attempted suicide among young Indigenous mothers impacted by substance use in two Canadian cities
This study examined relationships between child apprehension and suicide attempt within a cohort of young Indigenous women impacted by substance use. We utilized data collected every 6 months (2008–2016) by the Cedar Project, an Indigenous-governed cohort study involving young Indigenous people who use drugs in British Columbia, Canada. Recent child apprehension was defined as having a child apprehended by the Ministry of Child and Family Development since last visit. Recurrent event Cox proportional hazards models estimated the independent effect of child apprehension on maternal suicide attempt. Amon g 293 particip...
Source: PLoS One - June 10, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Lisa Ritland Source Type: research

Being parent is associated with suicidal history in people with Serious Mental Illness enrolled in psychiatric rehabilitation
Publication date: Available online 9 June 2021Source: Journal of Psychiatric ResearchAuthor(s): M. Dubreucq, J. Plasse, F. Gabayet, O. Blanc, I. Chereau, S. Cervello, G. Couhet, C. Demily, N. Guillard-Bouhet, B. Gouache, N. Jaafari, G. Legrand, E. Legros-Lafarge, G. Mora, R. Pommier, C. Quilès, H. Verdoux, C. Massoubre, REHABase network, N. Franck, J. Dubreucq (Source: Journal of Psychiatric Research)
Source: Journal of Psychiatric Research - June 9, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Risk factors for committing suicide during the COVID-19 pandemic: Identification of the high-risk groups
Publication date: Available online 8 June 2021Source: Journal of Taibah University Medical SciencesAuthor(s): Asma H. Almaghrebi (Source: Journal of Taibah University Medical Sciences)
Source: Journal of Taibah University Medical Sciences - June 9, 2021 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: research

Universal Suicide Risk Screening for Youths in the Emergency Department: A Systematic Review
CONCLUSIONS: Research is needed to better inform practice guidelines and clinical pathways and to establish sustainable screening programs for youths presenting for care in EDs.PMID:34106741 | DOI:10.1176/appi.ps.202000881 (Source: Psychiatric Services)
Source: Psychiatric Services - June 9, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Paige E Cervantes Dana E M Seag Argelinda Baroni Ruth Gerson Katrina Knapp Ee Tein Tay Ethan Wiener Sarah McCue Horwitz Source Type: research

Evaluating and Improving Engagement in Care After High-Intensity Stays for Mental or Substance Use Disorders
Psychiatr Serv. 2021 Jun 9:appips202000287. doi: 10.1176/appi.ps.202000287. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVE: This interrupted time-series analysis examined whether activating a quality measure, supported by education and a population management tool, was associated with higher postdischarge engagement (PDE) in outpatient care after inpatient and residential stays for mental or substance use disorder care.METHODS: Discharges from October 2016 to May 2019 were identified from national Veterans Health Administration (VHA) records representing all 140 VHA health care systems. Engagement was defined as multiple mental o...
Source: Psychiatric Services - June 9, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Eric M Schmidt David Wright Elena Cherkasova Alex H S Harris Jodie Trafton Source Type: research

What do we know about borderline personality disorder? Current aspects of etiology, diagnostics and treatment
This article outlines the current state of knowledge on the epidemiology, diagnostics, psychopathology and treatment of BPD and identifies open questions.MATERIAL AND METHODS: Based on a literature search in the PubMed, PsycINFO and EMBASE databases, the latest developments in the topic of BPD for the areas of diagnostics, epidemiology, etiology and treatment are illuminated in a narrative review. Where possible systematic review articles, meta-analyses and evidence-based practice guidelines were also considered.STATE OF THE SCIENCE: At the core of BPS are disorders of emotion regulation, self-image, and interpersonal inte...
Source: Der Nervenarzt - June 9, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Jutta Stoffers-Winterling Annegret Krause-Utz Klaus Lieb Martin Bohus Source Type: research

Universal Suicide Risk Screening for Youths in the Emergency Department: A Systematic Review
CONCLUSIONS: Research is needed to better inform practice guidelines and clinical pathways and to establish sustainable screening programs for youths presenting for care in EDs.PMID:34106741 | DOI:10.1176/appi.ps.202000881 (Source: Psychiatric Services)
Source: Psychiatric Services - June 9, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Paige E Cervantes Dana E M Seag Argelinda Baroni Ruth Gerson Katrina Knapp Ee Tein Tay Ethan Wiener Sarah McCue Horwitz Source Type: research

Evaluating and Improving Engagement in Care After High-Intensity Stays for Mental or Substance Use Disorders
Psychiatr Serv. 2021 Jun 9:appips202000287. doi: 10.1176/appi.ps.202000287. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVE: This interrupted time-series analysis examined whether activating a quality measure, supported by education and a population management tool, was associated with higher postdischarge engagement (PDE) in outpatient care after inpatient and residential stays for mental or substance use disorder care.METHODS: Discharges from October 2016 to May 2019 were identified from national Veterans Health Administration (VHA) records representing all 140 VHA health care systems. Engagement was defined as multiple mental o...
Source: Psychiatric Services - June 9, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Eric M Schmidt David Wright Elena Cherkasova Alex H S Harris Jodie Trafton Source Type: research

What do we know about borderline personality disorder? Current aspects of etiology, diagnostics and treatment
This article outlines the current state of knowledge on the epidemiology, diagnostics, psychopathology and treatment of BPD and identifies open questions.MATERIAL AND METHODS: Based on a literature search in the PubMed, PsycINFO and EMBASE databases, the latest developments in the topic of BPD for the areas of diagnostics, epidemiology, etiology and treatment are illuminated in a narrative review. Where possible systematic review articles, meta-analyses and evidence-based practice guidelines were also considered.STATE OF THE SCIENCE: At the core of BPS are disorders of emotion regulation, self-image, and interpersonal inte...
Source: Der Nervenarzt - June 9, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Jutta Stoffers-Winterling Annegret Krause-Utz Klaus Lieb Martin Bohus Source Type: research