Contacts with primary and secondary healthcare prior to suicide: case-control whole-population-based study using person-level linked routine data in Wales, UK, 2000-2017.
CONCLUSIONS: Help-seeking occurs in those at risk of suicide and escalates in the weeks before their death. There is an opportunity to identify and intervene through these contacts. PMID: 32744207 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - August 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Anxiety Sensitivity Index-3 Suicidal Cognition Concerns: A New Measure Examining Negative Reactions to Suicidal Ideation
. (Source: Archives of Suicide Research)
Source: Archives of Suicide Research - August 4, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Nicole S. Smith Brian W. Bauer Rachel L. Martin Raymond P. Tucker Daniel W. Capron Source Type: research

Suicide risk among persons living with HIV
. (Source: AIDS Care)
Source: AIDS Care - August 3, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Lily A. Brown Ifrah Majeed Wenting Mu Jesse McCann Stephen Durborow Song Chen Michael B. Blank Source Type: research

Feasibility and acceptability of safety screening among patients receiving addiction treatment
The objective of this study is to evaluate the feasibility of a standardized screen for suicide and overdose among patients receiving addiction treatment. (Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - August 3, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Amanda N. Stover, Ian R.H. Rockett, Gordon S. Smith, Traci LeMasters, Virginia G. Scott, Kimberly M. Kelly, Erin L. Winstanley Source Type: research

Undercounting of suicides: Where suicide data lie hidden
. (Source: Global Public Health)
Source: Global Public Health - August 3, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: John Snowdon Namkee G. Choi Source Type: research

The ongoing discussion on termination of life on request. A review from a German/European perspective.
CONCLUSIONS: Experience from the Netherlands shows that widening criteria for EAS has problematic consequences. KEY POINTS Termination of life on request, which a subgroup of people support, is a matter of ongoing debate. Because of several problematic aspects, including ethical considerations, only a few countries in the world allow active euthanasia or assisted suicide. Even if euthanasia is well regulated, legalising it can have problematic consequences that are difficult to control, such as an unwanted excessive increase in euthanasia cases. The well-documented experiences with the euthanasia law in the Netherlands ser...
Source: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice - August 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Int J Psychiatry Clin Pract Source Type: research

Levetiracetam and Suicidality: A Case Report and Literature Review.
Conclusions: Suicidal behavior in epileptic patients appears to be multifactorial in etiology. Psychiatric disorders are more prevalent in epileptic patients than in the general population and contribute to this risk. In spite of the high risk of suicidal behavior with the use of antiepileptic drugs, studies have shown that the benefits of anticonvulsant therapy often outweigh the risks. Nevertheless, timely consultation with a psychiatrist is invaluable in the care of these patients, particularly those with multiple risk factors, as in the index case. The risk of suicidality should be balanced with the risk of uncontrolle...
Source: The Primary Care Companion for CNS Disorders - August 1, 2020 Category: Primary Care Tags: Prim Care Companion CNS Disord Source Type: research

An Empirical Investigation of the Relationship between Business Performance and Suicide in the US
Publication date: Available online 31 July 2020Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Rawayda Abdou, Damien Cassells, Jenny Berrill, Jim Hanly (Source: Social Science and Medicine)
Source: Social Science and Medicine - August 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Reducing veterans ’ risk for suicidal behaviors: a qualitative study to inform development of the RECLAIM health promotion program
In an effort to reduce the high rate of suicide among post-9/11 veterans, a collaborative team within the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) has developed a holistic community-based health promotion program d... (Source: BMC Health Services Research)
Source: BMC Health Services Research - August 1, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Sarah Shue, Jayme Brosmer and Marianne S. Matthias Tags: Research article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 5568: Clinical and Psychosocial Characteristics of Adolescent Pediatric Patients Hospitalized after Different Types of Suicidal Behaviors —A Preliminary Study
The objective of this study was to examine the clinical characteristics of adolescents hospitalized after a suicide attempt or instrumental suicide-related behavior. Participants included thirty-six adolescents from the pediatric unit of a Polish hospital who made a nonfatal suicide attempt (SAA) or engaged in instrumental suicide-related behavior (IBA), as well as a general population sample (GPS). Psychosocial features were measured using the Kiddie Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia (K-SADS), the Social and Occupational Functioning Assessment Scale (SOFAS), the Suicide Behaviors Questionnaire&nda...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - August 1, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Bartosz Bohaterewicz Magdalena Nowicka Anna M. Sobczak Aleksandra A. Plewka Patrycia Gaszczyk Tadeusz Marek Tags: Article Source Type: research

Letter to the Editor in Response to: Clayville K, Miller P. Sulmasy, et al.: Physician-Assisted Suicide: Against Medical Neutrality
(Source: Journal of General Internal Medicine)
Source: Journal of General Internal Medicine - August 1, 2020 Category: Internal Medicine Source Type: research

The State of Our Understanding of the Pathophysiology and Optimal Treatment of Depression: Glass Half Full or Half Empty?
Abstract Major depressive disorder is a remarkably common and often severe psychiatric disorder associated with high levels of morbidity and mortality. Patients with major depression are prone to several comorbid psychiatric conditions, including posttraumatic stress disorder, anxiety disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and substance use disorders, and medical conditions, including cardiovascular disease, diabetes, stroke, cancer, which, coupled with the risk of suicide, result in a shortened life expectancy. The goal of this review is to provide an overview of our current understanding of major depression, ...
Source: The American Journal of Psychiatry - August 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Nemeroff CB Tags: Am J Psychiatry Source Type: research

House Passes $1.3 Trillion Spending Package, Including Funding for Major MH Initiatives
APA Urges Senate ActionToday the U.S. House of Representatives approved $96.4 billion in funding for the Department of Health and Human Services by passing the Labor-Health and Human Services-Education FY 2021 appropriations bill. The bill is part of HR 7617, a $1.3 trillion spending package that funds most federal agencies throughout the next fiscal year.The bill includes $6 billion for the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) for programs related to mental health and substance use, an increase of more than $100 million over the previous fiscal year. The impact of APA ’s advocacy was ev...
Source: Psychiatr News - July 31, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Unemployment, suicide and COVID-19: using the evidence to plan for prevention.
Authors: Deady M, Tan L, Kugenthiran N, Collins D, Christensen H, Harvey SB PMID: 32729145 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medical Journal of Australia)
Source: Medical Journal of Australia - July 31, 2020 Category: General Medicine Tags: Med J Aust Source Type: research

Predictors and Confounders of Suicidal Ideation and Suicide Attempts among Adults with and without Depression
AbstractThis research aims to explore whether sex, race, age, education, and marital status can significantly predict suicide ideation (SI) and suicidal attempts (SA) among adults with and without MDE; and to examine whether the association between MDE, SI, and SA changes after adjusting for age, education, and marital status as confounding factors while keeping race-sex as a constant variable. To reach this goal, data from the 2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health were extracted and analyzed, producing 42,551 records. Study results show that among adults with MDE, adults
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - July 31, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Further Insights Into the Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS): Unidimensionality Among Psychiatric Inpatients
Short versions of the Beck Hopelessness Scale have all been created according the Classical Test Theory, but the use and the application of this theory has been repeatedly criticized. In the current study, the Item Response Theory approach was employed to refine and shorten the BHS in order to build a reasonably coherent unidimensional scale whose items/symptoms can be treated as ordinal indicators of the theoretical concept of hopelessness, scaled along a single continuum. In a sample of 492 psychiatrically hospitalized, adult patients (51.2% females), predominantly with a diagnosis of Bipolar Disorder type II, the BHS wa...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - July 31, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Learning From Artemisia ’s Lucretia: Embodied Suffering and Interoception in Suicide
In the painting “Lucretia,” Artemisia Gentileschi, one of the major painters of the 17th century, depicts Lucretia’s suicide. This artwork empathic vision offers the spectator the apprehension of a unique phenomenon where psychological pain is transformed into self-aggression. To understand why the body becomes an object to attack, it is important to study the role of interoception and self-awareness in the suicidal process. This essay discusses how bodily representations are crucial for interacting efficiently and safely with the outside world and for establishing the sense of self. It presents some of t...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - July 31, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Child Maltreatment Portrayed in Bangladeshi Newspapers
As in most low ‐income countries, there is a lack of scientific information on the incidence and pattern of child maltreatment (CM) in Bangladesh. However, the role of the media to disclose CM and to develop public awareness in society is noteworthy. The present study assessed newspaper reports about CM by type and socio‐demographics of victims and perpetrators in Bangladesh. In total, 790 news articles were collected retrospectively from four Bengali‐ and two English‐language newspapers from October to December 2014. Among all reported incidents, almost half of the CM cases concerned alleged physica l abuse (26%) ...
Source: Child Abuse Review - July 31, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: M. Atiqul Haque, Staffan Janson, Syed Moniruzzaman, A. K. M. Fazlur Rahman, Syed Shariful Islam, Saidur Rahman Mashreky, Ulla ‐Britt Eriksson Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Forensic Pathological Considerations of a Unique Case of "Complicated Suicide"*, †.
Forensic Pathological Considerations of a Unique Case of "Complicated Suicide"*,†. J Forensic Sci. 2020 Jul 31;: Authors: Gentile G, Bianchi M, Boracchi M, Goj C, Tambuzzi S, Zoja R Abstract In the forensic literature, peculiar and uncommon cases of suicides defined as "complicated" are reported. In these circumstances, the suicide method chosen by the victim fails, and death occurs due to a subsequent unforeseen accidental event defined as secondary trauma. Through retrospective examination of 25,512 autopsies in 27 years (1993-2019) at the Bureau of Legal Medicine of ...
Source: Journal of Forensic Sciences - July 31, 2020 Category: Forensic Medicine Authors: Gentile G, Bianchi M, Boracchi M, Goj C, Tambuzzi S, Zoja R Tags: J Forensic Sci Source Type: research

Nonsyndromic Craniosynostosis Is Associated with Increased Risk for Psychiatric Disorders
Conclusions: Children with nonsyndromic craniosynostosis demonstrated higher risks of any psychiatric disorder compared with children without nonsyndromic craniosynostosis. This risk cannot fully be explained by familial influences (i.e., genetic or environmental factors). CLINICAL QUESTION/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Risk, III. (Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - July 30, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Pediatric/Craniofacial: Original Articles Source Type: research

Adolescent suicide: what can pediatricians do?
This article will review the changing rates of suicide, discuss recent literature on risk factors, identify methods to screen for suicidal thoughts and suggest an approach to counseling a suicidal patient. Finally, there will be a brief discussion on safety planning and public health measures to help reduce suicide rates. Recent findings Rates of attempted suicide and death by suicide have been increasing for more than a decade. Risk assessment of potential suicidality remains very challenging, as the risk factors are multifactorial. However, some common risk factors persist including sexual minority identification and ...
Source: Current Opinion in Pediatrics - July 30, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Tags: OFFICE PEDIATRICS: Edited by Henry H. Bernstein Source Type: research

The Pandemic’s Psychological Toll: An Emergency Physician’s Suicide
Publication date: Available online 29 July 2020Source: Annals of Emergency MedicineAuthor(s): Maura Kelly (Source: Annals of Emergency Medicine)
Source: Annals of Emergency Medicine - July 30, 2020 Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research

Epidemiology of acute pediatric poisonings in Spain: a prospective multicenter study from the Spanish Society of Pediatric Emergency Medicine
Conclusion: We identified five different types of childhood poisoning presentations to Spanish EDs. Best practices need to be identified for prevention of these episodes. European Journal of Emergency Medicine XXX: 000–000 Copyright © 2019 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved. (Source: European Journal of Emergency Medicine)
Source: European Journal of Emergency Medicine - July 30, 2020 Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Incidence rate and risk factors for suicide death in patients with skin malignant melanoma: a Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results analysis
The purpose of this study was to use the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database to identify the incidence rate and risk factors for suicide death in patients with skin malignant melanoma (MM) in the USA. We screened cases of skin MM in the SEER database. The balance of covariates between the two groups was examined by the χ2-test and Fisher’s exact test. Logistic regression was used to identify independent risk factors for committing suicide. A propensity 1: 2 matched analysis was applied to minimize the risk of bias. In total, 103 500 patients with skin MM were included in the study, of whom 623 ha...
Source: Melanoma Research - July 30, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Original Articles: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Coroners’ investigations of suicide in Australia: The hidden toll of Borderline Personality Disorder
Publication date: Available online 29 July 2020Source: Journal of Psychiatric ResearchAuthor(s): Jillian H. Broadbear, Jeremy Dwyer, Lyndal Bugeja, Sathya Rao (Source: Journal of Psychiatric Research)
Source: Journal of Psychiatric Research - July 30, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Mental health treatment utilization among U.S. military veterans with suicidal ideation: Results from the National Health and Resilience in Veterans Study
Publication date: Available online 29 July 2020Source: Journal of Psychiatric ResearchAuthor(s): Brandon Nichter, Melanie Hill, Sonya Norman, Moira Haller, Robert H. Pietrzak (Source: Journal of Psychiatric Research)
Source: Journal of Psychiatric Research - July 30, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Euthanasia and assisted suicide in patients with personality disorders: a review of current practice and challenges
ConclusionsIn light of our findings, we believe that the current legislation and practice of EAS for people with personality disorders is based on an inadequate understanding of underlying psychopathology and a lack of awareness about the contemporary treatment literature. Moreover, we assert that this practice neglects the individual ’s potential for having a life worth living. (Source: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation)
Source: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation - July 30, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

How to Cope with Perfectionism? Perfectionism as a Risk Factor for Suicidality and the Role of Cognitive Coping in Adolescents
This study investigated the association between PS, CMD, and suicidality in a sample of 273 Dutch secondary school students aged between 12 and 15  years old (M  =  13.54,SD = 0.58, 55.8% males). We also examined whether adaptive, or maladaptive cognitive coping strategies influenced these associations. We hypothesized that students high in PS or CMD would experience an increased suicidality. Moreover, we expected that adaptive coping strategies would act as buffer between the association of perfectionism and suicidality, and that maladaptive coping strategies would strengthen this associat...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - July 30, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Economic Evaluations of Public Health Interventions to Improve Mental Health and Prevent Suicidal Thoughts and Behaviours: A Systematic Literature Review
AbstractTo review the literature on economic evaluations of public health interventions targeting prevention of mental health problems and suicide, to support evidence based societal resource allocation. A systematic review of economic evaluations within mental health and suicide prevention was conducted including studies published between January 2000 and November 2018. The studies were identified through Medline, PsychINFO, Web of Science, the National Health Service Economic Evaluation Database and Health Technology Assessment. The quality of relevant studies and the transferability of their results were assessed using ...
Source: Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research - July 30, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The role of hopelessness and gratitude in the association between brooding and Chinese college students ’ suicidal ideation: a moderated mediation model
. (Source: Psychology, Health and Medicine)
Source: Psychology, Health and Medicine - July 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Yu Liu Yang Yang Xuji Jia Chenxu Wang Juanchan Mo Zhehao Jiang Lin Lin Source Type: research

Extremes in water availability and suicide: evidence from a nationally representative sample of rural Indian adults.
CONCLUSIONS: We found extremes is water availability associated with an increase in suicide. Abnormally wet growing conditions may play an important, yet overlooked, role in suicide among rural Indian adults. PMID: 32739270 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Environmental Research)
Source: Environmental Research - July 30, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Richardson R, Harper S, Weichenthal S, Nandi A, Mishra V, Jha P Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Constitution Has Answers for Balancing Health and Liberties Amid COVID-19, Experts Say
Three experts in the areas of constitutional law, environmental law and public health write in a new essay that one of America's founding documents provides the framework for finding common ground to fight COVID-19. Kyle Mittan Today University Communicationsshutterstock_1689842419-web.jpgBusiness and LawHealthBIO5College of LawCollege of Medicine - TucsonResearcher contacts:Toni Massaro James E. Rogers College of Law 520-626-2687massaro@email.arizona.eduJustin Pidot James E. Rogers College of Law 520-621-5576jpidot@email.arizona.eduMarvin Slepian Department of Medicine 520-661-8241slepian@email.arizona.eduMedia conta...
Source: The University of Arizona: Health - July 29, 2020 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: mittank Source Type: research

An integrated community mental healthcare program to reduce suicidal ideation and improve maternal mental health during the postnatal period: the findings from the Nagano trial
During the perinatal period, suicides are more likely to occur in those with depression and who are not receiving active treatment at the time of death. Suicide is a common outcome in people with suicide ideat... (Source: BMC Psychiatry)
Source: BMC Psychiatry - July 29, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Yoshiyuki Tachibana, Noriaki Koizumi, Masashi Mikami, Kana Shikada, Sayaka Yamashita, Mieko Shimizu, Kazuyo Machida and Hiroto Ito Tags: Research article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 5484: Negotiating Identity and Belonging in a New Space: Opportunities and Experiences of African Youths in South Australia
nri This paper was part of a large study that aimed to explore determinants of increased suicides among African youths in South Australia. As part of this larger study, narratives from participants indicated that identity crisis could be a potential determinant of suicide. This paper reports on how African youths negotiate and form identity in Australia. A qualitative inquiry was undertaken with 31 African youths using a focus group and individual interviews. Data analysis was guided by a framework for qualitative research. These youths negotiated multiple identities, including those of race, gender, ethnicity and thei...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 29, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: William Mude Lillian Mwanri Tags: Article Source Type: research

Assessing public's attitudes towards euthanasia and assisted suicide of persons with dementia based on their advance request: an experimental survey of US public
Euthanasia and/or assisted suicide (EAS) is currently permitted in a small number of jurisdictions, with some allowing EAS in non-terminally ill patients such as persons with dementia.1 Although U.S. jurisdictions that allow EAS currently require patients to be terminally ill, expanding the practice to include patients with dementia is increasingly discussed in news articles,2-4 medical journals,5 and state legislatures.6 Expanding the practice to persons with dementia compounds the controversy over EAS because progressive cognitive decline and the inevitable loss of decision-making capacity inescapably lead to debates abo...
Source: The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry - July 29, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Dominic R Mangino, Talia Bernhard, Paul Wakim, Scott YH Kim Tags: Regular Research Article Source Type: research

Tsunami after the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic: A global wave of suicide?
PMID: 32723111 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry)
Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry - July 29, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kavukcu E, Akdeniz M Tags: Int J Soc Psychiatry Source Type: research

Investigation of Diagnostic Proteins by 2D Electrophoresis in Major De-pression Model Induced by Forced Swim Test in Rats.
CONCLUSION: Results can help us identify a new diagnostic system that can be used to diagnose MD. PMID: 32729412 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Protein and Peptide Letters)
Source: Protein and Peptide Letters - July 29, 2020 Category: Biochemistry Authors: Duman T, Akyüz E, Bulut H, Koçyiğit A, Tülek A, KarataŞ E, Kırpınar İ Tags: Protein Pept Lett Source Type: research

Association between naturally occurring lithium in drinking water and suicide rates: systematic review and meta-analysis of ecological studies.
CONCLUSIONS: This synthesis of ecological studies, which are subject to the ecological fallacy/bias, supports the hypothesis that there is a protective (or inverse) association between lithium intakes from public drinking water and suicide mortality at the population level. Naturally occurring lithium in drinking water may have the potential to reduce the risk of suicide and may possibly help in mood stabilisation, particularly in populations with relatively high suicide rates and geographical areas with a greater range of lithium concentration in the drinking water. All the available evidence suggests that randomised comm...
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - July 28, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Electronic linkage and interrogation of administrative health, social care, and criminal justice datasets: feasibility concerning process and content.
The objective was to test the feasibility of a novel model of electronic linkage and interrogation of large, sensitive, administrative datasets derived from health care, social care, and criminal justice. Participants comprised all individuals having completed suicide or drug-related death in Tayside between 2009 and 2014. Data were hosted, linked, and pseudo-anonymized by a Trusted Third Party and were interrogated via secure access to the HIC Scottish Government-certified Safe Haven. Several barriers were encountered concerning data access, with all but one issue (obtaining criminal justice data) ultimately soluble. Howe...
Source: Informatics for Health and Social Care - July 28, 2020 Category: Information Technology Tags: Inform Health Soc Care Source Type: research

Potential metabolic monitoring indicators of suicide attempts in first episode and drug naive young patients with major depressive disorder: a cross-sectional study
Major depressive disorder is an ordinary mental disorder, and suicide is considered to be a major concern among patients with MDD. Previous studies focused on the relationship between suicide attempts and meta... (Source: BMC Psychiatry)
Source: BMC Psychiatry - July 28, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ke Zhao, Siyao Zhou, Xiang Shi, Jianjun Chen, Yaoyao Zhang, Kaili Fan, Xiangyang Zhang, Wei Wang and Wei Tang Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) Programs and Suicide
AbstractIn response to the disproportionate number of individuals with mental disorders incarcerated in local jails and prisons, crisis intervention team (CIT) programs were designed to train law enforcement officers to divert mentally ill individuals to mental healthcare resources. CIT programs and researchers soon determined that many CIT encounters involved an individual displaying suicidal behaviors by either threatening or attempting to commit suicide. Using a database containing 3103 St. Louis Area CIT Program encounters in 2005 through 2009, it was determined that many of these individuals displayed suicidal behavio...
Source: Journal of Psychosocial Rehabilitation and Mental Health - July 28, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 5433: Regional Variation of Suicide Mortality in South Korea
This study seeks to verify regional variation in suicide rates in South Korea and to identify correlating factors. We used age-adjusted suicide rates for 252 administrative districts, and a Community Health Survey, national representative data, and other national representative data such as censuses were used to obtain information on socioeconomic, health related and social integration variables according to each administrative district. Regional variation in suicide rates was analyzed by using Extremal Quotient (EQ), and multiple linear regression analyses were used to investigate associations between variation in suicide...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 28, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Minjae Choi Yo Han Lee Tags: Article Source Type: research

Pathways from parenting practices to adolescent suicidality: Evidence on the role of emotional and behavioral symptoms from a prospective cohort of Canadian children.
CONCLUSIONS: Parenting in childhood may be associated with adolescent suicidality both directly and indirectly through emotional and behavioral symptoms. Interventions aimed at reducing the use of harsh disciplinary strategies and promoting positive parent-child interactions may reduce the burden of adolescent suicidality. PMID: 32720746 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior)
Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior - July 28, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Kingsbury M, Sucha E, Manion I, Gilman SE, Colman I Tags: Suicide Life Threat Behav Source Type: research

[Suicide stigma and suicide prevention].
h N Abstract In many societies suicide was and is an extremely controversial topic. This review article outlines the historical background of social condemnation of suicidal thoughts and actions in the western world. It summarizes current research results about the consequences of suicide stigma for affected persons and its relevance for suicide prevention. Finally, the next steps in research and prevention are discussed. Over time and in different cultures, the societal judgement of suicide has greatly varied. During antiquity, some philosophers viewed suicide negatively and by the fifth century AD suicide was wi...
Source: Der Nervenarzt - July 28, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Oexle N, Mayer L, Rüsch N Tags: Nervenarzt Source Type: research

Alcohol consumption and alcohol-related problems during the COVID-19 pandemic: a narrative review.
CONCLUSION: The time for action is now, and all necessary measures to prevent an increase in alcohol-related problems should be adopted. At the same time, healthcare services should also prepare for such potential increase, while adapting to the exceptional circumstances presented by the pandemic, such as physical distancing. PMID: 32722961 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australasian Psychiatry)
Source: Australasian Psychiatry - July 28, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ramalho R Tags: Australas Psychiatry Source Type: research

Trends in US Suicide Deaths —Reply
In Reply Lennon and Hassan react to our 3 potential explanations of increasing US youth suicide rates in spite of the implementation of national prevention strategies with the contention that our first explanation (current approaches to youth suicide prevention are ineffective) must be accepted because “effectiveness in the context of rising rates is simply fallacious.” This affirmation confounds the clinical effectiveness of treatments and prevention initiatives with the impact of a program of actions on population incidence trends. The actions in the US suicide prevention strategies are for the most part evid...
Source: JAMA Pediatrics - July 27, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Trends in US Suicide Deaths
To the Editor Mishara and Stijelja concisely report on a topic of serious importance and consequence in the context of rising US suicide rates. Their explicit listing of potential explanations for seemingly ineffective prevention may be interpreted as a call for action. With the foundation readily prepared for the work, unpacking these preconceived notions may lead to actionable decisions and, if possible, a necessary repaving of suicidology ’s path. (Source: JAMA Pediatrics)
Source: JAMA Pediatrics - July 27, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Measuring Quality of Care Received by Suicide Attempters in the Emergency Department
. (Source: Archives of Suicide Research)
Source: Archives of Suicide Research - July 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Jessica Rassy Diane Daneau Caroline Larue Elham Rahme Nancy Low Suzanne Lamarre Gustavo Turecki Jean-Pierre Bonin Helene Racine Suzanne Morin Kaberi Dasgupta Johanne Renaud Alain Lesage Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 5405: Investigation of the Trend in Adolescent Mental Health and its Related Social Factors: A Multi-Year Cross-Sectional Study For 13 Years
Chung We aimed to investigate the mental health change and associated social correlates in adolescents in terms of depression, suicidal ideation, and suicidal attempt. In total, 978,079 students (12–18 years old, 7th–12th grade) participated in the survey for 13 years (2006–2018) by a multiple-year cross-sectional design (not a repeat measure for smaller group). Mental health outcome variables were assessed using self-report surveys with the independent variables of sex, age, economic status, school achievement, and parental educational level. Korean social indices of income in...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 27, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Kyoung Min Kim Dohyun Kim Un Sun Chung Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 5386: State-Level Income Inequality and County-Level Social Capital in Relation to Individual-Level Depression in Middle-Aged Adults: A Lagged Multilevel Study
Kim In the US, the incidence of depression and suicide have followed escalating trends over the past several years. These trends call for greater efforts towards identifying their underlying drivers and finding effective prevention strategies and treatments. One social determinant of health that plausibly influences the risk of depression is income inequality, the gap between the rich and poor. However, research on this association is still sparse. We used data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 and the US Census to investigate the multilevel lagged associations of state-level income inequality with th...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 27, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Saloni Dev Daniel Kim Tags: Article Source Type: research