Spanish version of the Inferential Confusion Questionnaire expanded version: further support for the role of inferential confusion in obsessive-compulsive symptoms.
Authors: Llorens-Aguilar S, García-Soriano G, Roncero M, Barrada JR, Aardema F, O Connor K Abstract The purposes of this research were: (1) to analyse the psychometric properties of the Inferential Confusion Questionnaire-Expanded Version (ICQ-EV) in a Spanish population; (2) to explore the role of inferential confusion in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD); and (3) to compare the inferential confusion construct in non-clinical and clinical samples. A sample of 342 non-clinical participants and 66 patients with OCD completed the ICQ-EV Spanish adaptation as well as a set of questionnaires. Results confirmed...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - February 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research

Measuring Life Satisfaction among Psychiatric Patients: Measurement Invariance and Validity of the Satisfaction with Life Scale.
Authors: Jovanović V, Lazić M, Gavrilov-Jerković V Abstract The main aim of the present study was to evaluate the measurement invariance and the convergent validity of the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS) across clinical and nonclinical samples. A total of 216 psychiatric patients (47.7% females; Mage = 44.56) and 235 participants from the general population (54.5% females; Mage = 43.11 years) were recruited. The measurement invariance was tested by a multi-group confirmatory factor analysis. Full scalar invariance of the SWLS was supported. Psychiatric patients reported substantially lower life satisfaction ...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - February 14, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research

Turkish Adaptation of the Short Schema Mode Inventory.
Authors: Aytaç M, Karaca BK, Karaosmanoğlu A Abstract The purpose of the current study is to present the psychometric properties of the Short Schema Mode Inventory (Lobbestael, Vreeswijk, Spinhoven, Schouten, & Arntz, 2010) in the Turkish culture. The study sample comprised 1287 participants, including both clinical and nonclinical participants. The age of the participants ranged between 18 and 48 years. The construct validity of the scale was tested using confirmatory factor analysis. The internal (Cronbach's alpha) and test-retest reliability coefficients were used to examine the reliability of the sc...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - February 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research

Subjective experience of paranoid ideation in a virtual reality social environment: A mixed methods cross-sectional study.
This study aimed to use predominantly qualitative methods to investigate subjective experience of paranoia in VR and identify target domains for VR-CBT. Participants (N=36) were non-clinical adults with high trait paranoia who entered an interactive VR bar-room environment. Post-VR, they participated in brief audiotaped semi-structured interviews designed for measuring persecutory ideation in virtual environments. Researchers scored transcripts on the Comprehensive Assessment of At-Risk Mental States (CAARMS) Non-Bizarre Ideas Global Rating Scale to rate the state paranoia represented by interview content. Thematic analysi...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - January 31, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research

Self-Compassion, Trauma and Post-traumatic Stress Disorder: A Systematic Review.
Authors: Winders SJ, Murphy O, Looney K, O'Reilly G Abstract Self-compassion has emerged as an important construct in the mental health literature. Although conceptual links between self-compassion and trauma are apparent, a review has not been completed to examine whether this association is supported by empirical research findings. To systematically summarise knowledge on the association between trauma and/or posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and self-compassion. Searches were conducted in PsycINFO, PubMed, Ovid Medline, Web of Science, Embase and PILOTS databases and papers reporting a direct analysis on t...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - January 29, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research

"Will You Treat Me? I'm Suicidal!" The Effect of Patient Gender, Suicidal Severity, and Therapist Characteristics on the Therapist's Likelihood to Treat a Hypothetical Suicidal Patient.
"Will You Treat Me? I'm Suicidal!" The Effect of Patient Gender, Suicidal Severity, and Therapist Characteristics on the Therapist's Likelihood to Treat a Hypothetical Suicidal Patient. Clin Psychol Psychother. 2020 Jan 28;: Authors: Almaliah-Rauscher S, Ettinger N, Levi-Belz Y, Gvion Y Abstract The purpose of our study was to broaden the understanding regarding mental health professionals' willingness to treat and likeliness to refer suicidal patients to other professionals. More specifically, our aim was to examine the effect of the patient's gender and suicidal severity, as well as the men...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - January 29, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research

Activity and subsequent depression levels: a causal analysis of behavioral activation group treatment with weekly assessments over 8 weeks.
Authors: Hoyer J, Hoefler M, Wuellhorst V Abstract Research on behavioral activation (BA) for depression assumes that increasing the rate of rewarding activities leads to reduced depressive mood. While the efficacy of BA treatment has been convincingly demonstrated, assumptions referring to the mechanisms underlying this effect have not been tested decisively yet. The Behavioral Activation Scale for Depression (BADS) and the Beck Depression Inventory II (BDI) were administered over 8 weeks in 161 reliably diagnosed patients with unipolar depression who underwent BA treatment in groups. Time-lagged associations betw...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - January 26, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research

Psychological Interventions for Depression and Anxiety in Pregnant Latina and Black Women in the United States: A Systematic Review.
This article reviews randomized controlled trials and non-randomized studies to better understand the effectiveness of psychological interventions for anxiety and depression during pregnancy in Latinas and Black women. Additionally, this review summarizes important characteristics of interventions such as intervention format, treatment modality, and the use of cultural adaptations. Literature searches of relevant research citation databases produced 68 studies, 13 of which were included in the final review. Most studies were excluded because their samples were not majority Latina or Black women, or because they did not tes...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - January 22, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research

Improving social functioning and life satisfaction among patients with personality dysfunction: Connectedness and engagement in integrative group treatment.
Authors: Kealy D, Aafjes-van Doorn K, Ehrenthal JC, Weber R, Ogrodniczuk JS, Joyce AS Abstract Reduced social impairment and improved life satisfaction are important objectives in group treatment for patients with personality dysfunction. Knowledge regarding patient characteristics and group treatment processes that contribute to these outcomes, however, remains limited. Dispositional connectedness, the valuing of interpersonal connections, may be an important patient factor that influences patients' experience of group treatment in ways that facilitate therapeutic benefits. The present study investigated the roles...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - January 19, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research

Predictive factors for differential changes in grief symptoms following group bereavement intervention for Chinese widowed older adults.
This study aimed to delineate changes in the patterns of prolonged grief severity in widowed adults following group bereavement interventions and to identify the predictive factors impacting these patterns. We performed a secondary analysis of data from a randomized trial of 125 Chinese widowed older adults who participated in either Loss-oriented or Dual Process group bereavement interventions. Self-ratings of prolonged grief symptoms via Inventory of Complicated Grief were subjected to latent class growth analysis to identify subgroups according to symptomatic changes among baseline, post-treatment and 8-week follow-up. ...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - January 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research

The Role of Stigma during the Course of inpatient psychotherapeutic Treatment in a German Sample.
Authors: Deres AT, Bürkner PC, Klauke B, Buhlmann U Abstract The current study intends to investigate whether the therapeutic process is impeded by stigma and how stigma develops over the course of cognitive behavioral psychotherapy treatment. 60 German psychotherapy inpatients were asked on a weekly basis about two facets of stigma: self-stigma and perceived public stigma. That information was linked to additional process as well as outcome variables (therapeutic engagement, working alliance, depressive (BDI) and general psychological symptoms (SCL-90-R)). Both facets of stigma decreased over the course of ps...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - January 9, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research

Comparing effects of detached mindfulness and cognitive restructuring in obsessive-compulsive disorder using ecological momentary assessment.
Authors: Rupp C, Gühne D, Falke C, Doebler P, Andor F, Buhlmann U Abstract Ecological momentary assessment (EMA) has been shown to be a valid and sensitive measure of treatment effects in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). As part of a clinical trial, this EMA study deals with a comparison of two treatment conditions, i. e., cognitive restructuring (CR) and detached mindfulness (DM). EMA data from n = 39 OCD patients was available from a randomized clinical trial on the effectiveness of CR and DM (Rupp, Jürgens, et al., 2019). Smartphone-based EMA sampling spread over four days each before and after tre...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - December 29, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research

Efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy for internet gaming disorder.
This study examined the effectiveness of CBT in treating impulsivity, anxiety, avoidance, and family and environmental problems in patients. A total of 101 patients completed the CBT program and 104 completed supportive therapy. The CBT program consisted of 14 90-minute sessions with one therapist and four to five patients, once or twice a week. The supportive therapy group visited a psychiatric outpatient department once or twice a week until they completed 14 visits. Outcomes were measured in terms of improvement in IGD, psychological symptoms, and social interaction. The CBT group (improvement: 67 (66.3%) vs. non-improv...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - December 29, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research

Are Measures of Marital Satisfaction Valid for Women with Depressive Symptoms? The Examination of Factor Structure and Measurement Invariance of the Couple Satisfaction Index-4 across Depression Levels in Portuguese Women.
This study examined the factor structure of the Couple Satisfaction Index-4 (CSI-4) among women with clinical levels of depression, tested the CSI-4 measurement invariance across depression levels groups, and investigated CSI-4 convergent and divergent validity. Participants were 891 heterosexual married/cohabiting women who were assigned into one of two groups based on assessment of their levels of depressive symptoms. Participants completed the CSI-4 and self-reported measures used to examine convergent and divergent validity. Support was found for the factor structure of the CSI-4 for the total sample and both elevated ...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - December 29, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research

A study of the Repeated Actions Diary in patients suffering from obsessive compulsive disorder.
In conclusion, the need to ritualize (prompted by uncertainty, i.e. potential danger) might explain the maintenance (or post-treatment recurrence) of OCD in many patients. The need for certainty in the completion of a compulsion may be worth considering as a therapeutic tool. The development of an approach based on the need for certainty might help to improve treatment outcomes. PMID: 31881103 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy)
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - December 29, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research

Body-Related Cognitive Distortions (Thought-Shape Fusion Body) Associated with Thin-Ideal Exposure in Female Students - an Ecological Momentary Assessment Study.
Authors: Wyssen A, Leins J, Reichenberger J, Blechert J, Munsch S, Steins-Loeber S Abstract Etiological models of eating disorders (EDs) describe body dissatisfaction (BD) as one of the major influences fostering dysfunctional body-related behavior and disordered eating behavior. BD is influenced by repeated exposure to thin ideals that evoke high self-ideal discrepancy and result in body-related cognitive distortions such as thought-shape fusion body (TSF-B). The aim of the study was to investigate the covariation of daily media exposure and the experience of TSF-B in a naturalistic setting. It was further analyze...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - December 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research

Can linguistic analysis be used to identify whether adolescents with a chronic illness are depressed?
CAN LINGUISTIC ANALYSIS BE USED TO IDENTIFY WHETHER ADOLESCENTS WITH A CHRONIC ILLNESS ARE DEPRESSED? Clin Psychol Psychother. 2019 Dec 15;: Authors: Jones LS, Anderson E, Loades M, Barnes R, Crawley E Abstract Comorbid depression is common in adolescents with chronic illness. We aimed to design and test a linguistic coding scheme for identifying depression in adolescents with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome/Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME), by exploring features of e-consultations within online cognitive behavioural therapy treatment. E-consultations of 16 adolescents (aged 11 - 17) receiving FITNET-NHS tr...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - December 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research

Effects of the therapist's statements on the patient's outcome and the therapeutic alliance: a systematic review.
Authors: Kadur J, Lüdemann J, Andreas S Abstract This systematic review summarizes articles that examined the effects of the psychotherapist's statements on the outcome of the patient and the therapeutic alliance. The databases PsychINFO, PSYNDEX, PubMed and PsychARTICLES were searched, and English peer-reviewed articles were included. Participants should be adult patients with DSM diagnosis who were receiving evidence-based psychotherapy in an individual setting. Studies with a standardized, observer-based measurement of the therapist's verbal utterances based on verbatim transcripts of therapy sessions were ...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - December 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research

A guide to behavioural experiments in bipolar disorder.
Authors: Palmier-Claus J, Wright K, Mansell W, Bowe S, Lobban F, Tyler E, Lodge C, Jones S Abstract Behavioural experiments are an important component of cognitive behavioural therapy. However, there exists little up-to-date guidance on how to conduct these in people with a diagnosis of bipolar disorder. This paper provides recommendations on how to conduct behavioural experiments in people with bipolar disorder. The aim is to upskill and empower clinicians to conduct behavioural experiments. The paper combines the expertise of senior clinicians working in the United Kingdom. The article starts by providing general...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - December 13, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research

Meaning in life moderates hopelessness, suicide ideation, and borderline psychopathology in participants with eating disorders: a longitudinal study.
CONCLUSION: MIL could be a relevant variable in the ED psychopathology. PMID: 31765024 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy)
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - November 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research

Could worry and rumination mediate relationships between self-compassion and psychological distress in breast cancer survivors?
We examined whether self-compassion predicted lower anxiety and depression symptoms in survivors, and whether this might be mediated by lower worry and rumination. Design was a cross-sectional survey using self-report measures. Female adult BCa survivors of mixed stages who had finished primary surgical, radiotherapy or chemotherapy treatments completed self-compassion subscales, and worry, rumination and anxiety and depression scales. Higher self-compassion subscale scores were negatively associated with anxiety and depression. Depressive brooding and worry mediated any effects of self-kindness and mindfulness on depressi...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - November 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research

Characterizing the nature of worry in a sample of perinatal women with generalized anxiety disorder.
This study investigated worry content and frequency in a sample of perinatal women (n=20) and age-matched non-perinatal women (n=20) diagnosed with GAD. Participants completed the Penn State Worry Questionnaire (PSWQ) to assess worry severity, in addition to providing their current top worries. Mean scores on the PSWQ in both samples exceeded a clinical cut-off score of 65 and thematic analyses revealed that perinatal women experienced significantly greater parental themed worries compared to the non-perinatal GAD sample (p
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - November 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research

Are shame and self-criticism the path to the pervasive effect of social stress reactivity on social functioning in psychosis?
This study's aim was to explore the associations between external shame, self-criticism, social stress reactivity, and social functioning difficulties and understand the mediator role of shame and self-criticism in the relationship between social stress reactivity and social functioning. Seventy-seven participants with a psychotic disorder filled in self-reported measures of stress reactivity, shame, and self-criticism and were clinically evaluated for social functioning. To study the associations between variables in the study, Spearman correlation coefficients were used. The PROCESS macro was used to test the sequential ...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - November 15, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research

Development of the Counseling Center Assessment of Psychological Symptoms-Japanese Version: Pilot Study.
Authors: Horita R, Kawamoto A, Nishio A, Sado T, Locke BD, Yamamoto M Abstract There is currently no reliable and valid multidimensional instrument for measuring psychological symptoms among Japanese university students. The purpose of this pilot study was to translate the Counseling Center Assessment of Psychological Symptoms-62 (CCAPS-62) into Japanese and evaluate its validity and reliability. Following robust translation procedures, the CCAPS-Japanese was created. In the validation study, 2,758 undergraduate students from 11 universities (mean age = 19.08 ± 1.85 years) completed the CCAPS-Japanese. The r...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - November 15, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research

Adherence and barriers in e-health self-control training for enhancing childhood multidisciplinary obesity treatment.
Authors: Naets T, Vervoort L, Tanghe A, Braet C Abstract Training self-control as the assumed underlying mechanism for weight loss is a promising pathway for improving long-term outcomes of childhood multidisciplinary obesity treatment (MOT). The present study is the first to analyse adherence to e-health self-control training in paediatric obesity. We hypothesized that low adherence would relate to child characteristics and to contextual treatment barriers. Participants were recruited as a part of a larger randomized controlled trial, evaluating an e-health self-control training during inpatient MOT (intensive pha...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - November 13, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research

Clinical Psychologists' Use of Transformative Models of Psychosis.
Authors: Cooke A, Brett C Abstract Some theories (e.g. Jackson's Paradigm Shifting Hypothesis) and many personal accounts suggest that some psychotic crises, whilst distressing, can also be transformative, leading to growth and valued outcomes. However, little is known about the extent to which this idea informs mainstream mental health care. Clinical psychologists are influential advocates of psychosocial approaches more broadly: this study explored their use of transformative models. Twelve UK clinical psychologists were interviewed: transcripts informed a grounded theory. No participants saw psychosis as a purel...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - November 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research

Assessing the clinical significance of treatment outcomes for distressing voices in routine clinical practice.
Authors: Badcock JC, Graham ME, Paulik G Abstract Determining reliable and clinically significant change is central to evidenced-based practice, yet rarely used in routine clinical settings. This paper illustrates these methods in the context of an evaluation of Cognitive Behaviour Therapy for distressing auditory hallucinations ('voices'). We used data from a clinical sample attending Perth Voices Clinic, a transdiagnostic outpatient service for distressing voices, and a previously published reference sample of healthy voice hearers. Our outcomes on the primary measure of voice distress, derived from Woodward et a...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - October 31, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research

Self-reported emotion regulation difficulties in people with psychosis compared to non-clinical controls: a systematic literature review.
Authors: Lawlor C, Hepworth C, Smallwood J, Carter B, Jolley S Abstract Emotions play a key role in the development and experience of psychosis, yet there are important gaps in our understanding of how individuals with psychosis understand and respond to their emotions. This systematic review investigated self-reported emotion regulation difficulties in individuals with psychosis compared to non-clinical controls. An electronic database search was conducted in Medline, PsychINFO and Embase and supplemented by searches of reference lists and citations. Seventeen studies were included. A narrative synthesis was condu...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - October 31, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research

Burnout amongst clinical and counselling psychologist: The role of early maladaptive schemas and coping modes as vulnerability factors.
Authors: PMID: 31639260 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy)
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - October 24, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research

What interpersonal problems are related to different therapeutic techniques early in treatment?
Authors: PMID: 31639261 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy)
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - October 24, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research

The influence of self-criticism on depression symptoms among ambulatory patients with IBD.
Authors: Trindade IA, Irons C, Ferreira C, Portela F, Pinto-Gouveia J Abstract Considering that self-criticism is an important process in the development and maintenance of depression, and taking into account the stigma associated with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), the present study aimed to analyse whether self-criticism exacerbates the relationships of depression symptoms with IBD symptomatology and chronic illness-related shame. The sample included 53 ambulatory IBD patients (34% males) with ages from 18 to 65. Moderation analyses were conducted using structural equation modelling. Self-criticism exacerbated...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - October 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research

Therapist Effects in Yearlong Psychodynamic Therapy: An Exploratory Study.
Authors: Yonatan-Leus R, Tishby O, Abargil M, Wiseman H Abstract A large body of research indicates that therapists can have a strong impact on treatment outcome, but little is known about the relationship between therapist effects and treatment phase. our objective was to examine the interactive effect of therapist effectiveness and treatment phase on the outcome of one year of dynamic therapy. Therapists' effectiveness scores were defined as the extent of change for each therapist on the OQ-45 scores across their clients at five time points. The sample included 24 therapists who conducted psychodynamic therapy wi...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - October 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research

Measuring therapeutic alliance in children with autism during cognitive behavior therapy.
The objective of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Therapy Process Observational Coding System-Alliance Scale (TPOCS-A). The sample consisted of 20 children (19 males) ages 8 to 12 years with autism and their parents (15 mothers, 5 fathers), who completed a cognitive behavioural intervention designed to improve children's emotion regulation skills. Two trained coders rated early, middle, and late parent and child alliance using the TPOCS-A after watching video recorded therapy sessions. Therapist-reported child involvement, alliance, and adherence was also assessed. Psychometric findings revealed...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - October 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research

A Measure to Assess the Workplace Wellbeing of Psychological Practitioners.
Authors: Summers EMA, Morris RC, Bhutani GE Abstract The wellbeing of psychological practitioners is a key factor in the effective delivery of psychological therapies and the effectiveness of mental health services. Despite this, there are no measures of wellbeing for this professional group. The 26-item Psychological Practitioner Workplace Wellbeing Measure (PPWWM) measures psychological wellbeing for psychological practitioners and informed by a qualitative study. Items were generated and then verified by groups of practitioners using sorting tasks. The items reflect a broad range of issues relevant to the workpl...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - October 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research

Are parental changes related to improvements in preschool children's disruptive behaviors?
CONCLUSION: Positive changes in parental discipline practices, particularly less over-reactive parental behaviors, were related to a decrease of disruptive child behaviors. PMID: 31614051 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy)
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - October 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research

Entrapment, positive psychological functioning and suicide ideation: A moderation analysis.
Authors: Teismann T, Brailovskaia J Abstract The Integrated Motivational-Volitional (IMV) Model of suicide posits that the association between perceptions of entrapment and suicide ideation is buffered by so-called motivational moderators. The present study investigated, whether positive mental health as well as different facets of psychological well-being qualify as motivational moderators. Possible moderator effects were investigated in an online sample (N=301). Results demonstrated that positive mental health and psychological well-being moderate the association between entrapment and suicide ideation. These fin...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - October 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research

Evaluating the "C" and "B" in brief CBT for distressing voices in routine clinical practice in an uncontrolled study.
Evaluating the "C" and "B" in brief CBT for distressing voices in routine clinical practice in an uncontrolled study. Clin Psychol Psychother. 2019 Aug 31;: Authors: Paulik G, Hayward M, Jones AM, Badcock JC Abstract Brief and single-symptom forms of Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) for distressing voices may increase access to evidence-based psychological therapy and transcend diagnostic barriers. The current study evaluated the "C" and "B" in CBT for distressing voices in a transdiagnostic voices clinic. The "B" module (component of therapy) sought t...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - September 2, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research

Exploring identity and personal meanings in psychosis using the repertory grid technique: A systematic review.
Authors: García-Mieres H, Niño-Robles N, Ochoa S, Feixas G Abstract Current research and clinical practice in person-centered approaches highlight the importance of self, identity, and personal meanings in psychosis. Previous research has focused on dimensions of self, but less attention has been paid to the personal meanings involved in identity. The Personal Construct Theory framework and the Repertory Grid Technique (RGT) allow the study of identity and personal meanings within person-centered approaches of psychopathology and treatment in psychosis, as suggested by studies that began more than 40 ...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - August 15, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research

Perceptions of the "anorexic voice": A qualitative study of healthcare professionals.
Perceptions of the "anorexic voice": A qualitative study of healthcare professionals. Clin Psychol Psychother. 2019 Aug 01;: Authors: Graham MR, Tierney S, Chisholm A, Fox JRE Abstract People with anorexia nervosa (AN) often report experiencing a highly critical inner voice (AV) focused on their eating, shape and weight. There are promising preliminary findings for its role in the treatment of AN and the support of staff is vital for the AV to be embedded in treatment, but their views remain unknown. The aims of this study were to undertake a qualitative exploration of the perceptions of the ...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - August 3, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research

A study on treatment sensitivity of ecological momentary assessment in obsessive-compulsive disorder.
This study adds to the existing research on OCD symptoms and offers further evidence in confirmation of established theoretical models of OCD. Also, our results can be taken as evidence for treatment sensitivity of the EMA method in OCD. Further research is needed to replicate, broaden and generalize our results. PMID: 31365952 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy)
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - August 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research

Differences in beliefs about mood between people with and without bipolar disorder.
Authors: Robinson H, Jones S, Fanshawe T, Lobban F Abstract Psychological models of bipolar disorder (BD), such as the Self Regulation Model (SRM; Leventhal, Nerenz & Steele, 1984), highlight the crucial role of beliefs about mood in relapse vulnerability. To date, no studies have directly compared these beliefs between people with and without BD. Based on the SRM, the current research examined beliefs about mood in people with and without BD, and explored the impact of current affect on these beliefs. Fifty euthymic people with a diagnosis of BD and fifty controls were recruited through an online screening stu...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - July 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research

Can Cognitive Analytic Therapy Treat Hoarding Disorder? An Adjudicated Hermeneutic Single-Case Efficacy Design Evaluation.
Authors: Spence C, Kellett S, Totterdell P, Parry G Abstract This paper sought to assess whether cognitive analytic therapy (CAT) was effective with a male patient meeting diagnostic criteria for HD who had been nonresponsive to two previous courses of cognitive-behaviour therapy. An adjudicated hermeneutic single case efficacy design (HSCED) evaluation was undertaken. A rich case record (i.e. a summary document containing the case details, formulations and detailed qualitative and quantitative outcomes) was created. The rich case record was then debated by affirmative (N=3) and sceptic (N=3) research teams. Expert...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - July 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research

Predictors of Acute Outcomes for Intensive Residential Treatment of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder.
Authors: Siwiec SG, Riemann BC, Lee HJ Abstract For those who suffer with chronic and disruptive obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), who have not been sufficiently helped by outpatient treatments or medications, intensive residential treatment (IRT) is often the next best treatment option. To date, research of the predictors of treatment outcome in IRT for OCD are mixed, and sometimes contradictory. Additionally, while comorbidity is common for patients in this setting, the inclusion of comorbidity as a potential predictor of outcome has been mostly lacking in research to date. The current study aimed to address t...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - July 6, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research

Predicting therapy success from the outset: the moderating effect of insight into the illness on metacognitive psychotherapy outcome among persons with schizophrenia.
Authors: de Jong S, Hasson-Ohayon I, van Donkersgoed RJM, Timmerman ME, van der Gaag M, Aleman A, Pijnenborg GHM, Lysaker PH Abstract The degree to which a person recognizes their mental disorder, attributes symptoms to the disorder, and recognizes that treatment may be necessary, is frequently referred to as clinical insight. The current study investigates whether clinical insight at baseline moderates the effects on metacognitive capacity of 40 sessions of Metacognitive Reflection and Insight Therapy (MERIT) among 35 participants with psychosis. Findings showed that clinical insight did not predict drop-out from ...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - July 5, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research

Cognitive fusion and depressive symptoms in women with chronic pain: a longitudinal growth curve modelling study over 12-months.
This study aims 1) to explore individual differences in women with chronic pain (CP) in regard to pain intensity, functional impairment, cognitive fusion and depressive symptoms, and 2) to longitudinally test whether cognitive fusion is a significant predictor of depression symptoms, while controlling for pain intensity and functional impairment, over a 12-month period. This study follows a longitudinal design, and was conducted in a sample of 86 women with CP who responded to an online battery of questionnaires in three equally-spaced assessment moments. In order to explore the growth trajectory of variables of interest, ...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - June 28, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research

The Assessment of CBT Skills in Patients Diagnosed with Health Anxiety: Development and Pilot Study on an Observer-based Rating Scale.
Authors: Ay DS, Kühne F, Weck F Abstract Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is a highly effective treatment of health anxiety, but it remains unclear through which mechanisms treatment effects prevail. Some evidence suggests that patients acquire skills - understood as techniques helping them reach therapy goals - through psychotherapy. In the current study, an observer-based rating scale for the Skills Assessment of Patients with Health Anxiety (SAPH) was developed and validated in a pilot study. Based on 177 videotapes, four independent raters evaluated the frequency of skills acquired during cognitive and e...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - June 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research

Persistence of Friendly and Submissive Interpersonal Styles Among Those with Binge-Eating Disorder: Comparisons with Matched Controls and Outcomes After Group Therapy.
Authors: Brugnera A, Carlucci S, Compare A, Tasca GA Abstract Interpersonal problems play a prominent role in the development of binge-eating disorder (BED), so that reducing their intensity may be a key focus of many psychological interventions. In recent years, several interpersonal treatments for BED were developed, which posit that binge-eating arises to manage relational problems. However, few studies have evaluated the prototypical interpersonal problems, and no studies evaluated the longitudinal changes in interpersonal functioning after treatment within this population. We investigated the severity and prot...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - June 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research

The Therapy Process Questionnaire Factor Analysis and Psychometric Properties of a Multidimensional Self-Rating Scale for High-Frequency Monitoring of Psychotherapeutic Processes.
Authors: Schiepek G, Stöger-Schmidinger B, Kronberger H, Aichhorn W, Kratzer L, Heinz P, Viol K, Lichtwarck-Aschoff A, Schöller H Abstract Many outcome measures and session-related questionnaires in psychotherapy are designed for weekly or biweekly administration. Yet today, technical developments allow for higher frequency assessments to monitor human change dynamics more closely, by daily assessments. For this purpose, the Therapy Process Questionnaire (TPQ) was developed, with a specific focus on inpatient psychotherapy. In this article, we present an explorative and confirmative factor analysis of the...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - June 5, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research

Are Changes in Children's Communication Patterns Predictive of Treatment Outcomes for Children with Anxiety?
This study investigated children's communication patterns in child-therapist conversations and whether changes in these patterns, from less rigid to more flexible, were associated with better treatment outcomes. Fifty-three children (31% boys), with a mean age in years of M = 9.68 (SD = 1.85), completed a 12-week CBT program. Maternal as well as children's reports of children's anxiety were assessed pre- and posttreatment. Additionally, 15-minutes segments of two therapy sessions were audiotaped and children's conversational turns were coded for properties of response and initiative. The structure of children's communicati...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - May 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research

General change mechanisms in the early treatment phase and their associations with the outcome of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy in patients with different levels of motivational incongruence.
This study explored whether motivational incongruence moderates the effect of GCMs in the early treatment phase on the outcome. Three early GCMs (interpersonal experiences, intrapersonal experiences, problem actuation) were evaluated after five therapy-preparing sessions by patients as well as therapists. Based on previous work we assumed that the association between intrapersonal experiences and outcome is moderated by incongruence. A total of 524 patients completing outpatient Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) were investigated. The patient-reported outcome measure was psychological symptom severity. Incongruence was as...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - May 29, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research