Assessing the Disproportionality of Depressive Reactions to Life Stress
CONCLUSIONS: Two assessments of the disproportionality of depressive reactions demonstrated evidence of reliability and validity. Despite limited efforts at assessment to date, these results suggest these measures may be able to reliably distinguish the disproportionality of depressive reactions and allow clinicians to better assess contextual life stress depressive disorders.PMID:34638163 | DOI:10.1002/cpp.2675 (Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy)
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - October 12, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Benjamin J Pfeifer Daniel R Strunk Source Type: research

Barriers and facilitators to providing CBT for people living with dementia: perceptions of psychological therapists
This study explored the facilitators and barriers to providing CBT interventions for people living with dementia or MCI, as perceived by therapists working in such services. Structured interviews were conducted with fourteen clinicians recruited through primary care psychological therapies services about their experiences of working with people living with dementia or MCI and their ideas about factors that enhance or hinder offering and delivering CBT to this population. Interview recordings were transcribed and analyzed using Thematic Analysis. Credibility checks were incorporated throughout. Three themes were identified:...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - October 9, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Samatha Baker Janina Brede Rebecca Cooper Georgina Charlesworth Joshua Stott Source Type: research

Non-Suicidal Self-Injury in U.S. Military Veterans: Results from the National Health and Resilience in Veterans Study
CONCLUSION: Results of this study provide the first-known data on the epidemiology of NSSI in U.S. military veterans. They suggest that certain correlates can help identify veterans who may be at greater risk for engaging in NSSI, as well as the potential prognostic utility of lifetime NSSI in predicting current psychiatric problems and suicide risk in this population.PMID:34599541 | DOI:10.1002/cpp.2673 (Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy)
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - October 2, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Lorig K Kachadourian Brandon Nichter Sarah Herzog Sonya Norman Tami Sullivan Robert H Pietrzak Source Type: research

Maladaptive schemas of patients with functional neurological symptom disorder
DISCUSSION: Results suggest maladaptive schemas play a modest role in FNSD at the start of treatment. It is suggested to examine the occurrence of maladaptive schemas in FNS-disordered patients with a longitudinal design.PMID:34585455 | DOI:10.1002/cpp.2671 (Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy)
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - September 29, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Luuk Stroink Ellen Mens Martijn H P Ooms Sako Visser Source Type: research

Predicting and Preventing Dropout in Research, Assessment and Treatment with Refugees
Clin Psychol Psychother. 2021 Sep 29. doi: 10.1002/cpp.2672. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTRefugees and asylum seekers are exposed to multiple burdensome experiences and suffer from ongoing post-migration stressors that are known to affect the physical and mental health. In psychological treatment offered to refugees and asylum seekers dropout is an important challenge. The current practice-oriented review aims to provide for the first time knowledge on the prevalence, prediction, and prevention of dropout in psychological treatment for refugees and asylum seekers. Due to the limited empirical evidence for this specific po...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - September 29, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Verena Semmlinger Thomas Ehring Source Type: research

Maladaptive schemas of patients with functional neurological symptom disorder
DISCUSSION: Results suggest maladaptive schemas play a modest role in FNSD at the start of treatment. It is suggested to examine the occurrence of maladaptive schemas in FNS-disordered patients with a longitudinal design.PMID:34585455 | DOI:10.1002/cpp.2671 (Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy)
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - September 29, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Luuk Stroink Ellen Mens Martijn H P Ooms Sako Visser Source Type: research

Predicting and Preventing Dropout in Research, Assessment and Treatment with Refugees
Clin Psychol Psychother. 2021 Sep 29. doi: 10.1002/cpp.2672. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTRefugees and asylum seekers are exposed to multiple burdensome experiences and suffer from ongoing post-migration stressors that are known to affect the physical and mental health. In psychological treatment offered to refugees and asylum seekers dropout is an important challenge. The current practice-oriented review aims to provide for the first time knowledge on the prevalence, prediction, and prevention of dropout in psychological treatment for refugees and asylum seekers. Due to the limited empirical evidence for this specific po...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - September 29, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Verena Semmlinger Thomas Ehring Source Type: research

Maladaptive schemas of patients with functional neurological symptom disorder
DISCUSSION: Results suggest maladaptive schemas play a modest role in FNSD at the start of treatment. It is suggested to examine the occurrence of maladaptive schemas in FNS-disordered patients with a longitudinal design.PMID:34585455 | DOI:10.1002/cpp.2671 (Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy)
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - September 29, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Luuk Stroink Ellen Mens Martijn H P Ooms Sako Visser Source Type: research

Predicting and Preventing Dropout in Research, Assessment and Treatment with Refugees
Clin Psychol Psychother. 2021 Sep 29. doi: 10.1002/cpp.2672. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTRefugees and asylum seekers are exposed to multiple burdensome experiences and suffer from ongoing post-migration stressors that are known to affect the physical and mental health. In psychological treatment offered to refugees and asylum seekers dropout is an important challenge. The current practice-oriented review aims to provide for the first time knowledge on the prevalence, prediction, and prevention of dropout in psychological treatment for refugees and asylum seekers. Due to the limited empirical evidence for this specific po...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - September 29, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Verena Semmlinger Thomas Ehring Source Type: research

Associations between Patient Personality, Symptomatic Change and Therapy Dropout
DISCUSSION: The patient's structural integration was associated to both symptomatic change and dropout. Therapists' training should include techniques addressing patients' structural integration and degree of dependency to prevent patient drop-out from therapy.PMID:34520091 | DOI:10.1002/cpp.2670 (Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy)
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - September 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Nina Franziska Immel Paula Dagnino Robles Christina Hunger-Schoppe Source Type: research

A comparison of completion and recovery rates between first-line protocol-based Cognitive Behavioural Therapy and non-manualised Relational Therapies within a UK psychological service
This study compares completion and recovery rates between protocol-based Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT), offered as a first-line therapy for common mental health problems as per national guidelines, and relational therapies (RTs), scarcely provided in the English Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) programme. This is a non-randomised, naturalistic study in a treatment-seeking community sample (n=708). RTs consist of brief psychodynamic and relational integrative therapy. Completion rates relied on clinicians' coding and recovery rates were calculated based on the Patient Health Questionnaires-9 and the ...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - September 9, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Venetia Leonidaki Matthew P Constantinou Source Type: research

Phone Consultation and Burnout Among Providers of Dialectical Behavior Therapy
This study represents an important first step toward evaluating the impact of phone consultation on providers and highlights the importance of effective peer consultation in reducing therapist burnout.PMID:34490677 | DOI:10.1002/cpp.2668 (Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy)
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - September 7, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Allison K Ruork Qingqing Yin Alan E Fruzzetti Source Type: research

"I think it does just opens it up and … you're not hiding it anymore": Trainee Clinical Psychologists' experiences of self-disclosing Mental Health Difficulties
Clin Psychol Psychother. 2021 Sep 6. doi: 10.1002/cpp.2667. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTSelf-disclosure of experiences of mental health difficulties is a complex process, particularly within the workplace. Research shows that a significant number of trainee clinical psychologists have lived experience of mental health difficulties and thus face the dilemma of whether to disclose and how to manage self-disclosure during doctoral training. Grounded theory methodology was used to explore trainee experiences of self-disclosure of mental health difficulties during training. Twelve trainee clinical psychologists from accredite...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - September 6, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kellie Turner Jenny Moses Adrian Neal Source Type: research

The role of self-compassion on the relationship between trauma and hearing voices
Clin Psychol Psychother. 2021 Sep 2. doi: 10.1002/cpp.2663. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTTraumatic life events are associated with increased risk of hearing voices and posttraumatic stress (PTS) symptoms have been implicated in this relationship. Studies indicate that increased self-compassion is associated with reduced PTS symptoms and voice-distress. The present study sought to examine whether self-compassion moderated the relationship between PTS symptoms and voice-distress. Self-report and clinician-administered questionnaires were used to measure self-compassion, PTS symptom severity, voice-frequency, and voice-distr...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - September 3, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Sarah Maisey Helen Correia Georgie Paulik Source Type: research

Repetitive negative thinking, metacognitive beliefs, and their interaction as possible predictors for problematic cannabis use
Clin Psychol Psychother. 2021 Aug 25. doi: 10.1002/cpp.2664. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe metacognitive formulation of addictive behaviours considers repetitive negative thinking (RNT) and metacognitive beliefs as two important processes involved in the development and maintenance of addictive behaviours. To date, very limited research has investigated the implication of these processes in problematic cannabis use. The present study was aimed at exploring the association between RNT, metacognitive beliefs, and cannabis use in a sample of 157 problematic cannabis users. Participants were administered measures of cannab...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - August 25, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tristan Hamonniere Lena Milan Isabelle Varescon Source Type: research

Alexithymia, dissociation and emotional regulation in eating disorders: Evidence of improvement through specialized inpatient treatment
This study aims to evaluate the effect of a specialized inpatient treatment characterized by both an intensive and comprehensive standardized multidisciplinary programme based on cognitive-behavioural therapy and a flexible and personalized component implemented by third-wave interventions. A cohort of 67 female ED patients (anorexia nervosa = 28, bulimia nervosa = 28 and binge eating disorder = 11) underwent an evaluation of emotional regulation difficulties, alexithymia and dissociative symptomatology at admission to a specialized ED ward. The psychological modifications were subsequently re-evaluated upon discharge, aft...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - August 25, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Paolo Meneguzzo Alice Garolla Elisa Bonello Patrizia Todisco Source Type: research

The role of attachment, coping style and reasons for substance use in substance users with psychosis
Clin Psychol Psychother. 2021 Aug 25. doi: 10.1002/cpp.2666. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTSeventy substance users with psychosis who were participating in a clinical trial of a psychological therapy for psychosis were additionally assessed for attachment, coping styles and self-reported reasons for substance use in order to test a hypothesized sequential mediation model. In this model the relationship between insecure attachment and problematic substance use was assumed to be sequentially mediated by dysfunctional coping and the use of substances to cope with distress. Hypothesized associations between insecure-avoidant a...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - August 25, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Katherine Berry Gillian Haddock Christine Barrowclough Lynsey Gregg Source Type: research

Explaining the willingness of clinicians to work with patients with antisocial personality disorder using the theory of planned behaviour and emotional reactions
This study provides more insight into why so few clinicians are willing to work with ASPD patients and what may increase motivation to include this group in treatment programmes.PMID:34433227 | DOI:10.1002/cpp.2661 (Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy)
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - August 25, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Arno van Dam Madeleine Rijckmans Louisa van den Bosch Source Type: research

Repetitive negative thinking, metacognitive beliefs, and their interaction as possible predictors for problematic cannabis use
Clin Psychol Psychother. 2021 Aug 25. doi: 10.1002/cpp.2664. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe metacognitive formulation of addictive behaviors considers repetitive negative thinking (RNT) and metacognitive beliefs as two important processes involved in the development and maintenance of addictive behaviors. To date, very limited research has investigated the implication of these processes in problematic cannabis use. The present study was aimed at exploring the association between RNT, metacognitive beliefs, and cannabis use in a sample of 157 problematic cannabis users. Participants were administered measures of cannabis...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - August 25, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tristan Hamonniere Lena Milan Isabelle Varescon Source Type: research

Alexithymia, dissociation, and emotional regulation in eating disorders: evidence of improvement through specialized inpatient treatment
This study aims to evaluate the effect of a specialized inpatient treatment characterized by both an intensive and comprehensive standardized multidisciplinary program based on cognitive-behavioral therapy and a flexible and personalized component implemented by third-wave interventions. A cohort of 67 female ED patients (anorexia nervosa = 28, bulimia nervosa = 28, and binge eating disorder = 11) underwent an evaluation of emotional regulation difficulties, alexithymia, and dissociative symptomatology at admission to a specialized ED ward. The psychological modifications were subsequently re-evaluated upon discharge, afte...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - August 25, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Paolo Meneguzzo Alice Garolla Elisa Bonello Patrizia Todisco Source Type: research

The role of attachment, coping style and reasons for substance use in substance users with psychosis
Clin Psychol Psychother. 2021 Aug 25. doi: 10.1002/cpp.2666. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTSeventy substance users with psychosis who were participating in a clinical trial of a psychological therapy for psychosis were additionally assessed for attachment, coping styles and self-reported reasons for substance use in order to test a hypothesised sequential mediation model. In this model the relationship between insecure attachment and problematic substance use was assumed to be sequentially mediated by dysfunctional coping and the use of substances to cope with distress. Hypothesised associations between insecure-avoidant a...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - August 25, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Katherine Berry Gillian Haddock Christine Barrowclough Lynsey Gregg Source Type: research

Explaining the willingness of clinicians to work with patients with antisocial personality disorder using the theory of planned behaviour and emotional reactions
This study provides more insight into why so few clinicians are willing to work with ASPD patients and what may increase motivation to include this group in treatment programmes.PMID:34433227 | DOI:10.1002/cpp.2661 (Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy)
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - August 25, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Arno van Dam Madeleine Rijckmans Wies van den Bosch Source Type: research

Repetitive negative thinking, metacognitive beliefs, and their interaction as possible predictors for problematic cannabis use
Clin Psychol Psychother. 2021 Aug 25. doi: 10.1002/cpp.2664. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe metacognitive formulation of addictive behaviors considers repetitive negative thinking (RNT) and metacognitive beliefs as two important processes involved in the development and maintenance of addictive behaviors. To date, very limited research has investigated the implication of these processes in problematic cannabis use. The present study was aimed at exploring the association between RNT, metacognitive beliefs, and cannabis use in a sample of 157 problematic cannabis users. Participants were administered measures of cannabis...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - August 25, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tristan Hamonniere Lena Milan Isabelle Varescon Source Type: research

Alexithymia, dissociation, and emotional regulation in eating disorders: evidence of improvement through specialized inpatient treatment
This study aims to evaluate the effect of a specialized inpatient treatment characterized by both an intensive and comprehensive standardized multidisciplinary program based on cognitive-behavioral therapy and a flexible and personalized component implemented by third-wave interventions. A cohort of 67 female ED patients (anorexia nervosa = 28, bulimia nervosa = 28, and binge eating disorder = 11) underwent an evaluation of emotional regulation difficulties, alexithymia, and dissociative symptomatology at admission to a specialized ED ward. The psychological modifications were subsequently re-evaluated upon discharge, afte...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - August 25, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Paolo Meneguzzo Alice Garolla Elisa Bonello Patrizia Todisco Source Type: research

The role of attachment, coping style and reasons for substance use in substance users with psychosis
Clin Psychol Psychother. 2021 Aug 25. doi: 10.1002/cpp.2666. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTSeventy substance users with psychosis who were participating in a clinical trial of a psychological therapy for psychosis were additionally assessed for attachment, coping styles and self-reported reasons for substance use in order to test a hypothesised sequential mediation model. In this model the relationship between insecure attachment and problematic substance use was assumed to be sequentially mediated by dysfunctional coping and the use of substances to cope with distress. Hypothesised associations between insecure-avoidant a...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - August 25, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Katherine Berry Gillian Haddock Christine Barrowclough Lynsey Gregg Source Type: research