News media coverage of stakeholder views on suicide and its  reporting in New Zealand - Jenkin GLS, Slim BE, Collings S.
Background: Periodically, a debate around suicide reporting becomes prominent in the media. At one point, the Chief Coroner of New Zealand made a public call to the media to open up discussions around suicide and its reporting. Following this action, a... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Media, Marketing, and Internet Issues Source Type: news

A test of the interpersonal-psychological theory of suicidal behaviour in a sample of mental health outpatients - Naidoo S, Collings S.
Suicidality is a growing mental health problem, with statistics for South Africa being in line with global estimates. There has, however, been relatively little empirical advancement in the conceptualization of suicidal behaviour in recent years. Joiner's ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

Systematic review of the inclusion of people with psychosis in suicide-specific clinical trials - Villa J, Ehret BC, Depp CA.
Background: Psychosis is a significant, yet understudied, risk factor for suicide. There has yet to be a systematic investigation examining the rate and predictors of inclusion of psychotic disorders or symptoms in suicide-focused trials. Aim: Our aim ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

Suicide and attempted suicide in Jhenaidah District, Bangladesh, 2010-2018 - Khan AR, Ratele K, Arendse N, Islam MZ, Dery I.
Background: Suicide and attempted suicide are a serious but under-explored public health problem in Bangladesh. Survey estimates suggest that Jhenaidah District, one of the 64 districts that make up Bangladesh, is one of the highest suicide-prone regio... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Media Reports on Celeb Suicides Could Trigger Copycats
FRIDAY, Nov. 1, 2019 -- How the media reports on celebrity suicides may increase the risk for copycats, a new study suggests. But following guidelines on the reporting of these suicides can reduce the risk of others following suit, researchers... (Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews)
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - November 1, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

Parents of teens who died by suicide share grief and advice
CBS News is committed to stopping the stigma surrounding mental health, taking the shame and blame out of discussing mental illness. Suicide is the second leading cause of death among teenagers in the U.S. A recent study found that teen suicide jumped 56 percent from 2007 to 2017. Mental health experts say bullying and social media have both contributed to the rise. Jericka Duncan spoke to four parents who are speaking out. (Source: Health News: CBSNews.com)
Source: Health News: CBSNews.com - November 1, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Parents of teens who died by suicide speak out
Suicide is the second leading cause of death among teenagers in the United States, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (Source: Health News: CBSNews.com)
Source: Health News: CBSNews.com - November 1, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Survivor shares his story of hope after two suicide attempts (video)
Chad Simpson attempted suicide twice years ago. His first suicide attempt came at age 17; his next one was at age 25. During that time, Simpson decided to try inpatient treatment at Atrium Health for mental illness. “I can’t imagine I would’ve had a chance of surviving if I hadn’t gone to an inpatient facility,” he says now, 15 years later. The treatment made him feel better in a short amount of time, and he hopes that others who experience suicidal thoughts will enter a facility and that… (Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Biotechnology headlines)
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Biotechnology headlines - November 1, 2019 Category: Biotechnology Authors: Atrium Health Source Type: news

Life expectancy for American men keeps dropping
Many men are dying earlier due to "deaths of despair" linked to drugs, suicide and ill health (Source: Health News: CBSNews.com)
Source: Health News: CBSNews.com - October 31, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Insights into rates, risks and characteristics of suicide by immigration background in Norway - Puzo Q, Mehlum L, Qin P.
Although most immigrants seem to successfully managethe challenges their immigration process entails, suicidemortality of minority groups has become an importantpublic concern, particularly in countries with growingsegments of immigrant populations such as... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 31, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Risk Factor Prevalence, Injury Occurrence Source Type: news

Anxiety, depression, and the interpersonal theory of suicide in a community sample of adults with autism spectrum disorder - Dow D, Morgan L, Hooker JL, Michaels MS, Joiner TE, Woods J, Wetherby AM.
The present study examines occurrence of depression, anxiety, and suicidality in adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), relationships between social difficulties and mental health, and application of the Interpersonal Theory of Suicide in this populat... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 31, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Are young female suicides increasing? A comparison of sex-specific rates and characteristics of youth suicides in Australia over 2004-2014 - Stefanac N, Hetrick S, Hulbert C, Spittal MJ, Witt K, Robinson J.
BACKGROUND: Australian mortality statistics suggest that young female suicides have increased since 2004 in comparison to young males, a pattern documented across other Western high-income countries. This may indicate a need for more targeted and multiface... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 31, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Association of bedtime with both suicidal ideation and suicide planning among Korean adolescents - Jeong W, Kim YK, Lee HJ, Jang J, Kim S, Park EC, Jang SI.
This study aimed to examine the association of be... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 31, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Associations between Chinese adolescents subjected to traditional and cyber bullying and suicidal ideation, self-harm and suicide attempts - Peng Z, Klomek AB, Li L, Su X, Sillanmaki L, Chudal R, Sourander A.
BACKGROUND: The incidence of bullying is high among adolescents. Adolescents who were victims of bullying have a higher risk of self-harm and suicidal behavior than adolescents who were non-victims. However, research on suicide and both traditional and cyb... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 31, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Childhood trauma, life-time self-harm, and suicidal behaviour and ideation are associated with polygenic scores for autism - Warrier V, Baron-Cohen S.
Autistic individuals experience significantly elevated rates of childhood trauma, self-harm and suicidal behaviour and ideation (SSBI). Is this purely the result of negative environmental experiences, or does this interact with genetic predisposition? In t... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 31, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Effects of childhood trauma, daily stress, and emotions on daily cortisol levels in individuals vulnerable to suicide - O'Connor DB, Branley-Bell D, Green JA, Ferguson E, O'Carroll RE, O'Connor RC.
Suicide is a leading cause of mortality worldwide. Dysregulated hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activity, as measured by cortisol levels, has been identified as 1 potential risk factor. Evidence has indicated that childhood trauma is associated w... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 31, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Home gun safety queries in well-child visits - Stipelman CH, Stoddard G, Bata K, Muniyappa B, Trepman E, Smith E.
Firearms are a leading cause of death in US children, and the rate of suicide by firearms in people aged 10 to 19 years has increased since 2008.1 In the United States, 4.6 million children (approximately 7%) live in households with at least 1 gun that... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 31, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

The benefits of genetic addiction risk score (GARS ™) and pro-dopamine regulation in combating suicide in the American Indian population - Blum K, Siwicki D, Baron D, Modestino EJ, Badgaiyan RD.
It is well-known that Native Americans (NA) clinically present with a very high rate of alcoholism and other drugs of abuse. It is also known that NA also display a very high rate of suicide compared to other ethnic groups. Furthermore, individuals with va... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 31, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Current understanding of psycho-neurobiology in depressive disorders with suicidal thoughts - translational models - Bondoc EN, Marinescu D, Marinescu I, M ălin RD, Stanca L, Zăvoi RE.
Epidemiological data confirm the rising incidence of depression associated with suicidal ideation and cardiovascular comorbidities of coronary type. In contradiction with the large number of antidepressant drugs, the therapeutic results are not satisfactor... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 31, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Egress, Escape, Evacuation, Crowds Source Type: news

Exploration of benefits and potential harmful effects of an online forum for visitors to the Suicide Prevention Platform in The Netherlands - Mokkenstorm JK, M érelle SYM, Smit JH, Beekman ATF, Kerkhof AJFM, Huisman A, Gilissen R.
This study aimed to identify the reach, benefits, and potential harmful effects for visitors to an online forum embedded in a suicide prevention p... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 31, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Media, Marketing, and Internet Issues Source Type: news

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AIM: To assess the frequency of risk for suicide nursing diagnosis and its related risk factors, in the nursing care provided in psychiatric settings. DESIGN: This is a descriptive study. METHODS: The samples were the documented nurs... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 31, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

Itaconyl-CoA forms a stable biradical in methylmalonyl-CoA mutase and derails its activity and repair
Itaconate is an immunometabolite with both anti-inflammatory and bactericidal effects. Its coenzyme A (CoA) derivative, itaconyl-CoA, inhibits B12-dependent methylmalonyl-CoA mutase (MCM) by an unknown mechanism. We demonstrate that itaconyl-CoA is a suicide inactivator of human and Mycobacterium tuberculosis MCM, which forms a markedly air-stable biradical adduct with the 5'-deoxyadenosyl moiety of the B12 coenzyme. Termination of the catalytic cycle in this way impairs communication between MCM and its auxiliary repair proteins. Crystallography and spectroscopy of the inhibited enzyme are consistent with a metal-centered...
Source: ScienceNOW - October 31, 2019 Category: Science Authors: Ruetz, M., Campanello, G. C., Purchal, M., Shen, H., McDevitt, L., Gouda, H., Wakabayashi, S., Zhu, J., Rubin, E. J., Warncke, K., Mootha, V. K., Koutmos, M., Banerjee, R. Tags: Biochemistry r-articles Source Type: news

Suicide crisis 'a wake-up call,' says Sheshatshiu chief
Eugene Hart says the community has lost 14 people to natural causes in the past year, and those deaths have taken a toll on residents. (Source: CBC | Health)
Source: CBC | Health - October 30, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: News/Canada/Nfld. & Labrador Source Type: news

Report Finds Americans' Health Is Flagging
Life expectancy has declined over the past three years, driven down by increasing rates of suicides and drug overdoses. (Source: WebMD Health)
Source: WebMD Health - October 30, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Police officers vow to address cop suicide crisis: "Let's just all admit we're broken"
The world's largest organization for police is fighting a mental health crisis, with an increasing number of suicides by officers. Nationwide, 188 officers have died by suicide so far this year, twice the number who've died in the line of duty. Jeff Pegues reports. (Source: Health News: CBSNews.com)
Source: Health News: CBSNews.com - October 30, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Report Finds Americans' Health Is Flagging
WEDNESDAY, Oct. 30, 2019 -- The United States just received its annual checkup, and the news isn't good. Life expectancy has declined over the past three years, driven down by increasing rates of suicides and drug overdoses. Electronic cigarette... (Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews)
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - October 30, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

Health professionals talk about the challenges of suicide prevention in two correctional centres in South Africa - Nieuwoudt P, Bantjes J.
Suicide is the leading cause of death among offenders in correctional facilities in many parts of the world. While epidemiological data have described the extent and scope of the problem, no research has documented the experiences and insights of health pr... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 30, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Suicidal behavior: links between alcohol use disorder and acute use of alcohol - Conner KR, Bagge CL.
Research on associations of suicidal behavior, including suicide and suicide attempt, with alcohol use disorder (AUD) and acute use of alcohol (AUA) are discussed, with an emphasis on data from meta-analyses. Based on psychological autopsy investigations, ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 30, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

The hidden epidemic of firearm suicide in the United States: challenges and opportunities - Kaplan MS, Mueller-Williams AC.
According to the Institute of Medicine (2013) (National Academy of Medicine, as of 2015), firearm suicides significantly outnumber firearm homicides for most age groups, accounting for approximately two-thirds of all firearm injury fatalities in the Un... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 30, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Home and Consumer Product Safety Source Type: news

A thematic content analysis of suicide notes from South Africa - Lazarides A, Wassenaar DR, Sekhesa T.
Suicide remains a serious public health problem nationally and globally. Rates of completed suicide in South Africa are reported to be 13.25 per 100,000. Data are needed to assist in the understanding of suicide and to inform evidence-based prevention effo... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 30, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

Prevalence of suicide attempts in bipolar disorder: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies - Dong M, Lu L, Zhang L, Zhang Q, Ungvari GS, Ng CH, Yuan Z, Xiang Y, Wang G, Xiang YT.
AIMS: Bipolar disorder (BD) is a severe psychiatric disorder associated with a high risk of suicide. This meta-analysis examined the prevalence of suicide attempts (SA) in patients with BD and its associated factors. METHODS: A systematic literatur... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 30, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

Preventing self-harm in the nonpsychiatric health care setting - Liberatore K.
The Pennsylvania Patient Safety Reporting System is a confidential, statewide Internet reporting system to which all Pennsylvania hospitals, outpatient-surgery facilities, birthing centers, and abortion facilities must file information on incidents and ser... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 30, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Suicide and suicide risk - Turecki G, Brent DA, Gunnell D, O'Connor RC, Oquendo MA, Pirkis J, Stanley BH.
Although recent years have seen large decreases in the overall global rate of suicide fatalities, this trend is not reflected everywhere. Suicide and suicidal behaviour continue to present key challenges for public policy and health services, with increasi... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 30, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Adolescents' experiences during "boarding" hospitalization while awaiting inpatient psychiatric treatment following suicidal ideation or suicide attempt - Worsley D, Barrios E, Shuter M, Pettit AR, Doupnik SK.
BACKGROUND: Two million adolescents experience suicidal ideation (SI) or suicide attempt (SA) annually, and they frequently present to emergency departments. Delays in transfer to inpatient psychiatric units increasingly lead to "boarding" in emergency dep... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 29, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Assessment of selective and universal screening for suicide risk in a pediatric emergency department - Devylder JE, Ryan TC, Cwik M, Wilson ME, Jay S, Nestadt PS, Goldstein M, Wilcox HC.
IMPORTANCE: According to National Patient Safety Goal 15.01.01, all individuals being treated or evaluated for behavioral health conditions as their primary reason for care in hospitals and behavioral health care organizations accredited by The Joint Commi... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 29, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Association between benzodiazepines and suicide risk: a matched case-control study - Cato V, Holl ändare F, Nordenskjöld A, Sellin T.
BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether benzodiazepines increase the risk of suicide. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that benzodiazepines are associated with an increased risk of suicide, by comparing psychopharmacological interventions between... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 29, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Use of alcohol and unprescribed drugs after suicide bereavement: qualitative study - Eng J, Drabwell L, Stevenson F, King M, Osborn D, Pitman A.
Studies describing the impact of suicide bereavement report an excess risk of suicide, suicide attempt, psychiatric illness, and drug and alcohol use disorders compared with the general population. However, the nature of patterns of drug and alcohol use af... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 29, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Changing trends in suicides using helium or nitrogen - Byard RW.
The recent paper by Varlet et al. provided very useful guidelines for the autopsy approach and specimen analysis in cases of deaths involving helium inhalation [1]. As the authors noted deaths due to inert gas asphyxia are increasing in number, this tr... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 29, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Drowning, Suffocation Source Type: news

Community-based aftercare following an emergency department presentation for attempted suicide or high risk for suicide: study protocol for a non-randomised controlled trial - Bliokas VV, Hains AR, Allan JA, Lago L, Sng R.
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a major public health issue worldwide. Those who have made a recent suicide attempt are at high risk for dying by suicide in the future, particularly during the period immediately following departure from a hospital emergency departm... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 29, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Suicide by close-range gunshot wound to the bridge of the nose - Pawsey SC, Wilson CG, Gunther WM, Fantaskey AP.
Suicidal gunshot wounds to the nasal bridge are rare, particularly at close range (defined as muzzle of the weapon not touching the skin surface, but near enough to deposit soot and stippling). Previously reported suicidal gunshot wounds to the nose have b... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 29, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Twelve children brave a military fun run to raise £2,000 for their teacher with 'suicide disease'
Amy Pohl, 26, worked at Rugby Primary Free School for two years when it opened its doors five years ago. She had to stop working because of her complex regional pain syndrome. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - October 29, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Gender disparity over who is admitted for self-harm
Self-harming boys less likely to be hospitalised Related items fromOnMedica Suicide attempt risk higher among non-heterosexual teens Health-focused line on drugs misuse would save lives and money We are ‘sitting on a young people’s health time bomb’ Experts urge radical action on mental health crises Commission more teen mental health and alcohol services (Source: OnMedica Latest News)
Source: OnMedica Latest News - October 29, 2019 Category: UK Health Source Type: news

Harassment and Discrimination Are Leading to Burnout Among Female Doctors, Study Says
Sexual harassment, gender discrimination and verbal abuse are contributing to high rates of burnout among female physicians, according to a new report published in the New England Journal of Medicine. Burnout—defined earlier this year by the World Health Organization as emotional exhaustion, fatigue, cynicism and reduced productivity resulting from unmanaged workplace stress—is widespread among doctors, who often put in long, emotionally draining hours. The new study suggests that the problem is even more common among female physicians, specifically surgical residents. The researchers surveyed surgical resident...
Source: TIME: Health - October 28, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Jamie Ducharme Tags: Uncategorized medicine Source Type: news

Cannabis use and the risk of psychosis and affective disorders - Sideli L, Quigley H, La Cascia C, Murray RM.
Objective: This review discusses the relationship between cannabis use and psychotic, bipolar, depressive, and anxiety disorders, as well as suicide. It summarizes epidemiological evidence from cross-sectional and long-term prospective studies and c... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Carrying the misery to adulthood: the impact of childhood sexual abuse on adulthood impulse control through depression and suicidal thoughts - Tasharrofi S, Barnes JC.
Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) has been linked to a wide range of negative outcomes, including the development of low impulse control in adulthood. Because previous studies have identified impulsivity as a robust predictor of antisocial and criminal behavior... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Child and adolescent violence: oral story of women who attempted suicide - Correia CM, Gomes NP, Diniz NMF, Andrade ICS, Romano CMC, Rodrigues GRS.
OBJECTIVE: To unveil expressions of intrafamily violence experienced in childhood and/or adolescence by women who attempted suicide. METHOD: This is a study with a qualitative approach based on Oral Story. Participants were ten women with a history... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Developing a comprehensive school suicide prevention program - Granello PF, Zyromski B.
Suicide is the third most common cause of death for youth aged 14-19. School counselors need a school-wide prevention plan to address the mental and emotional needs of students experiencing suicidal ideation and behaviors. Although researchers have suggest... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Mental disorders and suicide risk in emerging adulthood: the 1993 Pelotas birth cohort - Gomes AP, Soares ALG, Kieling C, Rohde LA, Gon çalves H.
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of some mental disorders and suicide risk, and the association between them in youths. METHODS: Data from the 1993 Pelotas Birth Cohort (Brazil) was used. The prevalence of mental disorders at 22 years [major dep... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Suicidality among gender minority youth: analysis of 2017 Youth Risk Behavior Survey data - Jackman KB, Caceres BA, Kreuze EJ, Bockting WO.
We examined differences in suicidality based on gender identity while adjusting for known suicide risk factors in a sample of United States adolescents. Using data from the 2017 Youth Risk Behavior Survey we used logistic regression models to examine three... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Dimensionality of suicide behaviors: results within two samples from two different countries - Campos RC, Holden RR, Sp ínola J, Marques D, Lambert CE.
Across two countries and two languages, this research examined the multidimensional associations of suicide behaviors (i.e., life-time attempts, life-time communication of intent to others, life-time self-harming, life-time suicide notes, and current s... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Young Adults Source Type: news