Use of antidepressants in over 65s doubles
Yet depression prevalence unchanged Related items fromOnMedica New evidence on benzodiazepine link to Alzheimer ’s Men ’s dementia risk higher after androgen deprivation therapy Plans launched to curb over-use of antipsychotics Suicide no more likely in men on 5 α-reductase inhibitors GPs need more time to treat complex needs (Source: OnMedica Latest News)
Source: OnMedica Latest News - October 7, 2019 Category: UK Health Source Type: news

Parents of brain-damaged girl want law change
Doctors say they will not appeal High Court decision to allow her to travel abroad Related items fromOnMedica GPs to be asked whether assisted dying law should change Learning and growing together Emergency admissions at end of life set to sky rocket Assisted suicide guide launched for nurses Publicity campaign launched on care.data (Source: OnMedica Latest News)
Source: OnMedica Latest News - October 7, 2019 Category: UK Health Source Type: news

A framework for race-related trauma in the public education system and implications on health for Black youth - Henderson DX, Walker L, Barnes RR, Lunsford A, Edwards C, Clark C.
BACKGROUND: A combination of increased suicide in the past decade, documented high rates of anxiety and depression, and the preponderance of other behavioral and emotional regulation challenges place black youth at risk for school suspension and involvemen... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Young people's response to six smartphone apps for anxiety and depression: focus group study - Garrido S, Cheers D, Boydell K, Nguyen QV, Schubert E, Dunne L, Meade T.
BACKGROUND: Suicide is one of the most frequent causes of death in young people worldwide. Depression lies at the root of this issue, a condition that has a significant negative impact on the lives of those who experience it and on society more generally. ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Patterns and predictors of self-harm in patients with substance-use disorder - Gupta R, Narnoli S, Das N, Sarkar S, Balhara YPS.
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a growing health concern and causes significant health burden. Patients with substance use disorders represent an especially vulnerable population in terms of self-harm. Data on risk factors for self-harm in substance-using populatio... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Pharmacists can help implement suicide prevention goal - Traynor K.
Pharmacists have a role to play in implementing the Joint Commission ’s revised National Patient Safety Goal (NPSG) on preventing suicide in healthcare settings, says Jeannell Mansur, principal consultant for medication management and safety with Join... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Commentary Source Type: news

Gene-level genome-wide association analysis of suicide attempt, a preliminary study in a psychiatric Mexican population - Gonz ález-Castro TB, Martinez-Magaña JJ, Tovilla-Zárate CA, Juárez-Rojop IE, Sarmiento E, Genis-Mendoza AD, Nicolini H.
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that liability for suicide behavior is heritable; additionally, suicide has been partly related to other psychiatric disorders. Nevertheless, most of the information reported so far address Caucasian and Asian individuals. Hen... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Changes in prospective helpline volunteers' suicide intervention skills throughout the initial training - Skruibis P, Astrauskas K, Mazulyte-Rasytine E.
The objective of this study was to evaluate the changes in prospective helpline volunteers' suicide intervention skills throughout the training in Lithuania. In total, 90 participants of the Youth Line volunteer initial training course completed the Suicid... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Program and Other Evaluations, Effectiveness Studies Source Type: news

Validation of a Chinese Version of the Acquired Capability for Suicide Scale - Yang L, Pan D, Li Z, Liu X.
This study aimed to revise and validate a Chinese Version of the Acquired Capability for Suicide Scale (ACSS-CV). In study 1 of 395 Chinese college students, a two-factor model comprising fearlessness about death and pain tolerance achieved satisfactory mo... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

After suicide - O ’Dowd L.
This piece was written in the immediate aftermath of a suicide, and explores themes of mourning, melancholia, and a search for meaning. Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Commentary Source Type: news

New Issue of NIAAA Spectrum is Now Available!
The latest issue of NIAAA Spectrum is now available. In this issue:Feature" Alcohol and " Deaths of Despair " In 2015, Princeton University economists Anne Case, Ph.D., and Angus Deaton, Ph.D., reported something unexpected. After decreasing since the end of World War II, rates of death began to increase in the United States for people in some groups. The rise in deaths was driven primarily by drug and alcohol overdoses, suicides, and liver disease.    (Source: NIAAA News)
Source: NIAAA News - October 4, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Katherine Source Type: news

Mental health outcomes improve for transgender individuals after surgery
Those who receive gender-affirming surgery are much less likely to seek mental health treatment or attempt suicide in the years following, a YSPH study finds. (Source: Yale Science and Health News)
Source: Yale Science and Health News - October 4, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Sleeping Pills May Cut Risk for Suicidal Thoughts in Depression Sleeping Pills May Cut Risk for Suicidal Thoughts in Depression
Prescribing a hypnotic in tandem with an antidepressant may improve sleep quality and reduce the risk of developing suicidal thoughts for patients with insomnia and depression.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Psychiatry Headlines)
Source: Medscape Psychiatry Headlines - October 4, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatry News Source Type: news

To die or to kill? An analysis of suicide attack lethality - Mroszczyk J.
Those who study terrorism are familiar with the claim that suicide attacks are the most lethal form of terrorism today. Suicide attacks kill more people on average than non-suicide attacks, thereby justifying why terrorist organizations use this costly met... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

Mindfulness and suicide risk in undergraduates: exploring the mediating effect of alexithymia - Fang Y, Zeng B, Chen P, Mai Y, Teng S, Zhang M, Zhao J, Yang X, Zhao J.
The present study was designed to examine the relationship between dispositional mindfulness and suicide risk in undergraduates, and it further explored the potential mediating role of alexithymia in this relationship. A total of 2,633 undergraduates compl... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Suicide-related behavior and health-related quality of life among first-year university students in a Mexican university - Hidalgo-Rasmussen CA, Ch ávez-Flores YV, Yanez-Peñúñuri LY, Navarro SRM.
The objective was to determine if suicide-related behavior (SRB) and health-related quality of life (HRQL) are associated and whether this association is independent of substance use, violence, and sociodemographic variables. It involved a cross-sectional ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

The relationship between profiles and transitions of internalizing and externalizing symptoms in children and suicidal thoughts in early adolescence - Johnson D, McLennan JD, Heron J, Colman I.
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is a high-risk period for the onset of suicidal thoughts and behaviors. Identification of preceding patterns of internalizing and externalizing symptoms that are associated with subsequent suicidal thoughts may offer a better unders... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

The research output on child and adolescent suicide in Brazil: a systematic review of the literature - Piccin J, Manfro PH, Caldieraro MA, Kieling C.
OBJECTIVE: Suicide is the third leading cause of death among Brazilians aged 10 to 24 years. We aimed to review and describe the research output on suicide in children and adolescents in Brazil and to identify strengths and gaps in this literature. ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Rational suicide in late life: a systematic review of the literature - Gramaglia C, Calati R, Zeppegno P.
Background and Objectives: The complex concept of rational suicide, defined as a well-thought-out decision to die by an individual who is mentally competent, is even more controversial in the case of older adults. Materials and Methods: W... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

Differential pathways from childhood maltreatment to self-harm and suicidal ideation - Kaess M.
Self-harm and suicidal behavior range among the most prominent public health concerns in children and adolescents. The term “self-harm” commonly includes both direct and indirect self-damage with and without suicidal intent; whereas, the term “sel... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Euthanasia, medically assisted dying or assisted suicide: time for psychiatrists to say no - Gale C, Barak Y.
We describe the recent history of euthanasia, paying attention to the extension of cr... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Commentary Source Type: news

The case for case-control studies in the field of suicide prevention - Pirkis J, Nicholas A, Gunnell D.
Much of our knowledge about the risk factors for suicide comes from case-control studies that either use a psychological autopsy approach or are nested within large register-based cohort studies. We would argue that case-control studies are appropriate in ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Commentary Source Type: news

The need for innovation in health care systems to improve suicide prevention - Stanley B, Mann JJ.
Suicide rates have continued to rise in the United States. Speculations for this rise proliferate but the causes for the increase remain unknown. While research focuses on identifying causes, the health care system is an important site for identification o... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Commentary Source Type: news

Our healthy clarence: a community-driven wellbeing initiative - Powell N, Dalton H, Perkins D, Considine R, Hughes S, Osborne S, Buss R.
In 2015-2016, the Clarence Valley in Northern New South Wales, Australia, experienced an unexpectedly high number of deaths by suicide, and the resulting distress was exacerbated by unhelpful press coverage. The local response was to adopt a community-wide... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Community-Based Prevention Source Type: news

Implementing an emergency department telephone follow-up program for suicidal patients: successes and challenges - Catanach B, Betz ME, Tvrdy C, Skelding C, Brummett S, Allen MH.
BACKGROUND: Many emergency department (ED) patients are at risk of suicide, and the ED is a key setting for suicide prevention. Although ED interventions are associated with reduced suicide attempts and societal costs, most EDs do not have follow-up progra... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Program and Other Evaluations, Effectiveness Studies Source Type: news

Etiopathogenesis of suicide: a conceptual analysis of risk and prevention within a comprehensive, deterministic model - Lennon JC.
Suicide is a rising global health concern receiving disproportionate attention in comparison to other health conditions. In spite of substantial technological and scientific advancements, suicide research has continued to move slowly in terms of clinical t... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

The suicidal behaviors questionnaire-revised. Spanish form - G ómez-Romero MJ, Tomás-Sábado J, Montes-Hidalgo J, Brando-Garrido C, Limonero JT.
This study consists of a translation, intercultural adaptation and analysis of the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of Suicide Behavior Questionnaire Revised using a sample of 325 undergraduates. Internal consistency, reliability and temporal... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

Patterns and longitudinal changes in negative emotions of people with depression on Sina Weibo - Yao X, Yu G, Tian X, Tang J.
This study investigates negative emotional patterns of people with depression on Sina Weibo ™ and gives an in-depth analysis of how their negative emotions change over time.Materials and Methods: A text classifier using... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Prevalence of psychological frailty in Japan: NCGG-SGS as a Japanese national cohort study - Shimada H, Lee S, Doi T, Bae S, Tsutsumimoto K, Arai H.
There has been less research conducted on the psychological aspects of frailty than on the physical and cognitive characteristics of frailty. Thus, we aimed to define psychological frailty, clarify its prevalence, and investigate the relationship between p... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Suicide prediction models: a critical review of recent research with recommendations for the way forward - Kessler RC, Bossarte RM, Luedtke A, Zaslavsky AM, Zubizarreta JR.
Suicide is a leading cause of death. A substantial proportion of the people who die by suicide come into contact with the health care system in the year before their death. This observation has resulted in the development of numerous suicide prediction too... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Suicide prevention and schizophrenia - Togay B, Lippmann S.
[Abstract unavailable] Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Suicide reduction in China - Zhang J.
[Abstract unavailable] Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Suicide risk among patients with genitourinary malignancies: where do we stand? - Ramakrishnan VM, Trinh QD.
Urologists should optimize personalized care for individuals with a mental health illness following diagnosis of a genitourinary malignancy, be mindful of psychiatric wellbeing, and involve mental health specialists at the earliest opportunity to improve p... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Surveillance Summaries: Surveillance for Violent Deaths - National Violent Death Reporting System, 32 States, 2016
CDC summarizes data on violent deaths in the United States for 2016. (Source: CDC Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report)
Source: CDC Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report - October 3, 2019 Category: American Health Tags: Injury, Violence, & Safety MMWR Morbidity Mortality Weekly Report Suicide Youth Suicide Death Rates Source Type: news

Dealing with the best and worst of situations
UNISON members in the police and justice services work with the public in the best and worst of situations, the union’s service group conference heard today, as it called for employers to support staff wellbeing and mental health. Pressure on police staff is increasing, Lisa Hardy from the Leicestershire police branch told delegates. Call management staff can be dealing with a report of a child missing from home one minute and a murder the next, conference noted. Similarly, police community support officers might deal with abused children or adults, or the aftermath of a murder or suicide during a day’s work. A...
Source: UNISON meat hygiene - October 3, 2019 Category: Food Science Authors: Tony Braisby Tags: News 2019 Police and Justice Conference health and safey police staff Stress Source Type: news

For Insomniacs, Sleep Aids Can Ease a Troubled Mind
THURSDAY, Oct. 3, 2019 -- People with severe insomnia may find that a sedative helps them sleep and banishes thoughts of suicide, a new study suggests. " If you have a patient who complains that their sleep has taken a turn for the worse, then there... (Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews)
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - October 3, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

Overdose of carbamazepine before hanging by a child: a case report of a complex suicide - Vadysinghe AN, Thilakarathne SMNK.
Compared to death by hanging, fatal cases due to carbamazapine intake is hardly seen. We are reporting a rare case where the victim had used this combination to terminate life as a complex suicide. Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Janssen Submits Supplemental New Drug Application to U.S. FDA for SPRAVATO ® (esketamine) CIII Nasal Spray for the Rapid Reduction of Depressive Symptoms in Adults with Major Depressive Disorder Who Have Active Suicidal Ideation with Intent
If approved, SPRAVATO ® would be the first treatment for this severely ill population1 who historically have been excluded from antidepressant clinical trialsSubmission is based on data from the ASPIRE I& II trials evaluating the efficacy and safety of SPRAVATO ® in adults with major depressive disorder who have active suicidal ideation with intent (Source: Johnson and Johnson)
Source: Johnson and Johnson - October 2, 2019 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Commonly-prescribed antidepressant does NOT raise the risk of suicide in children and teenagers
Scientists from Linköping University in Sweden analysed 45 studies, which together produced 120 'associations' linking antidepressants to a number of health concerns. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - October 2, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Panel on police suicides says officers need better mental health support
Police officers need better and clearer mental health and suicide prevention resources, says a report by a panel assembled by Ontario's chief coroner that gives 14 recommendations. (Source: CBC | Health)
Source: CBC | Health - October 2, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: News/Canada/Ottawa Source Type: news

How Neuroscience Could Explain the Rise of Addictions, Heart Disease and Diabetes in 21st Century America
The conditions of human life began to improve with the Enlightenment of the 18th century, and we are better off now by many measures: food access, health, lifespan, and so on. But it hasn’t been an unbroken line of advancement. In the last three decades, U.S. death rates have risen steeply from suicide and compulsive consumption of alcohol and drugs, which Princeton University professors Anne Case and Angus Deaton famously termed “deaths of despair.” Exceeding these deaths of despair by tenfold are rising deaths from type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and cardiovascular disease—caused significantly by c...
Source: TIME: Health - October 2, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Peter Sterling Tags: Uncategorized Addiction diabetes Mental Health/Psychology neuroscience Source Type: news

Exploring the therapeutic and nontherapeutic affordances of social media use by young adults with lived experience of self-harm or suicidal ideation: a scoping review - Dodemaide P, Joubert L, Merolli M, Hill N.
Help-seeking use of social media continues to demonstrate a therapeutic potential for improving health outcomes. This scoping review explores the outcomes associated with the use of social media by young adults experiencing suicidal ideation. It incorporat... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Risk factors and timing of suicide attempts among US Army Reserve Component Soldiers during deployment to the Afghanistan and Iraq wars: results from army study to assess risk and resilience in servicemembers - Stokes CM, Naifeh JA, Kessler RC, Stein MB, Fullerton CS, Mash HBH, Riggs-Donovan CA, Ng THH, Aliaga PA, Wynn GH, Dinh HM, Kao TC, Gonzalez OI, Sampson NA, Ursano RJ.
Objective: During the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq, suicidal behaviors increased among U.S. Army soldiers. Although Reserve Component (RC) soldiers (National Guard and Army Reserve) comprise approximately one third of those deployed in support of th... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Suicidal deaths by burns in females of reproductive age: 2 yr study - Dhoble SV, Dere RC, Jaiswani AK, Savardekar RR.
In India, deaths related to burns are more common in women than in men. Fire is easily available weapon used by female for suicide. Most burns happen in low- and middle-income countries. Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Suicide prevention: putting the person at the center - Patel V, Gonsalves PP.
In September's Editorial, Vikram Patel and Pattie Gonsalves discuss suicide prevention, the focus of World Mental Health Day, 2019. Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Commentary Source Type: news

The forensic approach to plastic bag suffocation: case reports and review of the literature - Santoro P, La Russa R, Besi L, Voloninno G, Dell'aquila M, De Matties A, Maiese A.
Death from plastic bag suffocation is unusual and rare in under-developed countries. Initially, deaths were accidental mostly of children but with time homicides, suicides and deaths in auto-erotic situations were noted. It is not always possible to discov... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Drowning, Suffocation Source Type: news

Effect of economic crisis on suicide cases: An ARDL bounds testing approach - Demirci Ş, Konca M, Yetim B, İlgün G.
BACKGROUND: Suicide events observed in various groups, community or countries, especially in the periods of economic recession. It is thought that suicide cases increase when people's income decreases dramatically and they lose their jobs. AIM/OBJECTIVE: I... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

The three-step theory of suicide: an independent replication and conceptual extension - Hagan CR, Muehlenkamp JJ.
This article presents two studies testing the suicidal ideation components of the Three-Step Theory (3ST) of suicide and comparing it ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

"Doctor, please don't say he died by suicide": exploring the burden of suicide survivorship in a developing country - Ohayi SR.
Annually, 800, 000 die from suicide worldwide. However, suicide is believed to be rare in our environment. Suicide causes significant life disruptions in people bereaved by it. These disruptions result from associated complicated grieving pattern character... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Dyadic death-an unusual case of post-mortem mutilation - Ateriya N, Saraf A, Kanchan T, Shekhawat RS.
Dyadic suicides comprise of suicides occurring simultaneously or one after another in two or more people, either with an agreement or without one. Firearms, poisoning, hanging, and drowning are the preferred methods of suicide employed in such cases. Inves... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news