Variation of all-cause and cause-specific mortality with body mass index in one million Swedish parent-son pairs: an instrumental variable analysis - Wade KH, Carslake D, Tynelius P, Davey Smith G, Martin RM.
BACKGROUND: High body mass index (BMI) is associated with mortality, but the pervasive problem of confounding and reverse causality in observational studies limits inference about the direction and magnitude of causal effects. We aimed to obtain estimates ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 12, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Effects of self-esteem on the association between negative life events and suicidal ideation in adolescents - Wan Y, Chen R, Wang S, Orton S, Wang D, Zhang S, Sun Y, Tao F.
Negative life events (NLEs) increase the risk of suicidal ideation (SI) in adolescents. However, it is not known whether the association between NLEs and SI can be moderated by self-esteem and varies with gender. The aim of the current paper was to examine... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Comparable risk of suicidal ideation between workers at precarious employment and unemployment: data from the Korean Welfare Panel Study, 2012-2017 - Kim W, Ki M, Choi M, Song A.
This study investigated (1) how employment transitions among permanent employment, precarious employment, and unemployment are associated with suicidal ideation in ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Instrumental rationality and suicide in schizophrenia: a case for rational suicide? - Grigoriou M, Upthegrove R, Bortolotti L.
It is estimated that up to 7500 people develop schizophrenia each year in the UK. Schizophrenia has significant consequences, with 28% of the excess mortality in schizophrenia being attributed to suicide. Previous research suggests that suicide in schizoph... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Resilience factors and suicide risk for a sample of transgender clients - Edwards LL, Torres Bernal A, Hanley SM, Martin S.
This study explored how individual- and community-based resilience factors operated together in order to reduce risk of suicide for a sample of transgender therapy clients. We collected cross-sectional survey data from 106 transgender therapy clients at a ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Peer-adult network structure and suicide attempts in 38 high schools: implications for network-informed suicide prevention - Wyman PA, Pickering TA, Pisani AR, Rulison K, Schmeelk-Cone K, Hartley C, Gould M, Caine ED, Lomurray M, Brown CH, Valente TW.
BACKGROUND: Strengthening social integration could prevent suicidal behavior. However, minimal research has examined social integration through relationship network structure. To address this important gap, we tested whether structural characteristics of s... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Seasonality of suicides among victims who are under the influence of alcohol - Lasota D, Paw łowski W, Krajewski P, Staniszewska A, Goniewicz K, Goniewicz M.
INTRODUCTION: Suicide is one of the most frequent causes of death. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), each year, over eight hundred thousand people worldwide die as a result of suicide. The most common risk factors for suicide are depressive... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Motivational interviewing to address suicidal ideation: a randomized controlled trial in veterans - Britton PC, Conner KR, Chapman BP, Maisto SA.
OBJECTIVE: Although the months following discharge from psychiatric hospitalization are a period of acute risk for veterans, there is a dearth of empirically supported treatments tailored to veterans in acute psychiatric hospitalization. METHOD: We... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Program and Other Evaluations, Effectiveness Studies Source Type: news

Predicting death by suicide using administrative health care system data: can feedforward neural network models improve upon logistic regression models? - Sanderson M, Bulloch AGM, Wang J, Williamson T, Patten SB.
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a leading cause of death worldwide. With the increasing volume of administrative health care data, there is an opportunity to evaluate whether machine learning models can improve upon statistical models for quantifying suicide risk. ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Program and Other Evaluations, Effectiveness Studies Source Type: news

Suicides of Punjabi hawkers in 19th- and early 20th-century Australia - Spennemann DHR.
BACKGROUND: During the late nineteenth century, a considerable number of young Punjabi men sought their fortunes in the Australian colonies, working as hawkers and farm labor. While in Australia they experienced marginalization and high levels of racial vi... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Social Etiologies and Disparities Source Type: news

Cognitive deficits, depressive symptoms, insight, and medication adherence in remitted patients with schizophrenia - Settem VVJ, Karanadi H, Praharaj SK.
OBJECTIVE: To study the relationship between cognitive deficits, depressive symptoms, insight, and medication adherence in remitted patients with schizophrenia. METHODS: Fifty-four patients aged 18-60 years, with schizophrenia in remission, were ev... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Correlation of cognitive resilience, cognitive flexibility and impulsivity in attempted suicide - Ram D, Chandran S, Sadar A, Gowdappa B.
CONTEXT: Impaired cognitive flexibility and resilience and increased impulsivity are presumed to underlie an attempt of suicide. There is, however, a paucity of research examining their relationship in those who attempted suicide. AIMS: To know the correla... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Differences in metacognitive beliefs among patients with bipolar disorder with or without previous suicide attempts - Cesur E, Sahmelikoglu Onur O, Erten E.
Purpose: The aim of this study is to compare differences in metacognitive beliefs between patients with bipolar disorder type I (BPDI) with previous suicide attempts (BPDI+), those without suicide attempts (BPDI-), and a control group. It also discu... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Isn't it obvious? Jeffrey Epstein was murdered because dead men don't talk (about the Clintons)
(Natural News) This post won’t be lengthy. The story is so simple that everybody already knows what happened here. Jeffrey Epstein was found dead in his jail cell at 7:30 am this morning, according to police. He was under “suicide watch,” which was of course a designation placed on him roughly two weeks ago to... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - August 10, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Nigeria: Despite Ban, Sniper Still On Shelves
[Daily Trust] Following rising cases of suicide and attempted suicide by Nigerians across different age groups and social status using Sniper, an insecticide, the federal government recently banned its public sale and distribution. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - August 10, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Twitter Chat » NIMH Reddit “ Ask Me Anything ” with Dr. Jane Pearson – Suicide Prevention
In observance of Suicide Prevention Awareness Month, Dr. Jane Pearson, chair of the Suicide Research Consortium in the Division of Services and Intervention Research at the National Institute of Mental Health, will answer questions from the public about the latest suicide prevention research in a Reddit “ Ask Me Anything ” (AMA) event on Thursday, September 5, 2019. (Source: National Institute of Mental Health)
Source: National Institute of Mental Health - August 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: National Institute of Mental Health Source Type: news

Suicide and resilience in rural Montana - Zolnikov TR.
[Abstract unavailable] Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rural and Agricultural Issues Source Type: news

Clinical and neurodevelopmental correlates of aggression in early psychosis - Lopez-Garcia P, Ashby S, Patel P, Pierce KM, Meyer M, Rosenthal A, Titone M, Carter C, Niendam T.
BACKGROUND: Although mental illness accounts for only 4% of aggressive behavior in the general population, there remains a modest association between aggressive behavior and psychotic disorders, particularly in the early stages of the illness. However, lit... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Elderly couple's murder-suicide blamed on health care costs
Health care costs consume more of Americans' incomes than in any other country in the world (Source: Health News: CBSNews.com)
Source: Health News: CBSNews.com - August 10, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Kenya: Man Commits Suicide After Alleged Cancer Diagnosis
[Nation] A 65-year-old man, who was allegedly diagnosed with cancer, has committed suicide at Kwa Mwaura village in Laikipia East Sub-county. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - August 9, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Assessment tools of non-suicidal self-injury in adolescents 1990-2016: a systematic review - Ch ávez-Flores YV, Hidalgo-Rasmussen CA, Yanez-Peñúñuri LY.
The purpose of this systematic review was to identify the instruments created or adapted to assess non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) among adolescents. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) methodology was used. Two i... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 9, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Understanding self-harm in older adults: a qualitative study - Troya MI, Dikomitis L, Babatunde OO, Bartlam B, Chew-Graham CA.
This study explores how older adults experience self-harm, identifying factors leading to self-harm. METHODS: Semi-structured inte... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 9, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

Peer acceptance and nonsuicidal self-injury among Chinese adolescents: a longitudinal moderated mediation model - Wu N, Hou Y, Chen P, You J.
Peer relationship plays an important role in non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI). However, little is known about how and in what conditions peer relationship may influence NSSI. By integrating multiple theories (i.e., attachment theory, the emotional regulatio... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Solitary drinking and the risk of depressive symptoms and suicidal ideation in college students: findings from a nationwide survey in Korea - Ju YJ, Kim W, Oh SS, Park EC.
This study aimed to investigate the relationship between solitary drinking, depres... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Suicidal ideation in elite schools: a test of the interpersonal theory and the escape theory of suicide - Landrault H, Jaafari N, Amine M, Malka G, Selimbegovi ć L, Chatard A.
OBJECTIVE: The present study compared the ability of two contemporary theories of suicidal behavior-the interpersonal and escape theories of suicide-to predict suicidal ideation. The interpersonal theory proposes that the interaction of perceived burdensom... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Endogenous cannabinoid levels and suicidality in combat veterans - Sher L, Bierer LM, Flory J, Hill MN, Makotkine I, Yehuda R.
Combat veterans are at elevated suicide risk. The goal of this study was to test the hypothesis that combat veterans who have made a suicide attempt post-deployment can be distinguished from combat veterans who have never made a suicide attempt based on di... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Effect of lithium on suicide and mortality in mood disorders: a systematic review - B örjesson J, Gøtzsche PC.
OBJECTIVE: To assess if lithium treatment in patients with mood disorders, for instance depression, bipolar disorders and schizoaffective disorders has an effect on total mortality and suicide. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. MAIN OUTC... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Unraveling the complex web of associations between easy access to firearms and premature mortalities - Feigelman W, Rosen Z, Cerel J.
OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether high school students reporting easy access to guns were more likely to die prematurely from either suicide, homicide, or an accidental death. METHOD: Based upon the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adu... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Suicide attempts in chronically depressed individuals: what are the risk factors? - Ernst M, Kallenbach-Kaminski L, Kaufhold J, Negele A, Bahrke U, Hautzinger M, Beutel ME, Leuzinger-Bohleber M.
Chronically depressed individuals have a high suicide risk. However, it is an open question whether previously observed risk factors for suicide attempts also apply to chronic depression or whether there are specific risk factors related to chronic-recurre... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Construction and validation of an analytical grid about video representations of suicide ("MoVIES") - Gauld C, Wathelet M, Medjkane F, Pauwels N, Bougerol T, Notredame C É.
Background. Exposure to fictional suicide scenes raises concerns about the risk of suicide contagion. However, researchers and clinicians still lack empirical evidence to estimate this risk. Here, we propose a theory-grounded tool that measures prop... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Media, Marketing, and Internet Issues Source Type: news

Suicide attempts in people with schizophrenia before and after participating in an intensive case managed community program: a 20-year follow-up - D íaz-Fernández S, Frías-Ortiz DF, Fernández-Miranda JJ.
Lack of treatment compliance in patients with schizophrenia is a risk factor that leads to illness-relapse, hospitalization and potentially strengthens suicidal behavior. The purpose of this investigation was to assess treatment adherence, reasons for trea... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Program and Other Evaluations, Effectiveness Studies Source Type: news

Suicidal subtypes, stress responsivity and impulsive aggression - Stanley B, Michel CA, Galfalvy HC, Keilp JG, Rizk MM, Richardson-Vejlgaard R, Oquendo MA, Mann JJ.
While prominent models of suicidal behavior emphasize the hypothalamic- pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis dysregulation, studies examining its role have yielded contradictory results. One possible explanation is that suicide attempters are a heterogeneous group... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

Suicide by psychiatric patients: nature of risk, risk categorisation and preventability - Kar N, Prasad T.
This study considers risk factors associated with suicide by psychiatric patients, the perceived risk at last contact and risk categorisation and reflects upon the potential for prevention. Information regarding 63 consecutive suicides known to mental h... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

Timing of suicide in people with epilepsy: a population-based study from 18 states of the United States, 2003-2014 - Tian N, Zack MM, Hesdorffer DC.
Suicide timing varies across several psychiatric disorders, which may share common underlying pathophysiological mechanisms with epilepsy. We investigated suicide timing in people with epilepsy. Using cross-sectional, population-based U.S. National Violent... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

A systematic review on the relationship between childhood exposure to external cause parental death, including suicide, on subsequent suicidal behaviour - Hua P, Bugeja L, Maple M.
BACKGROUND: Exposure to parental death in childhood has been associated with offspring suicide risk, although the strength of this association is unclear. The primary aim of this systematic review was to synthesise primary studies on the relationship betwe... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

High Rate of Suicidal Thoughts in Preteens High Rate of Suicidal Thoughts in Preteens
Results of a three-phase, longitudinal follow-up study show up to 18% of preteens experience suicidal ideation and that risk factors for these thoughts differ by gender.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - August 8, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Psychiatry News Source Type: news

A Med Student's Response to Physician Suicide A Med Student's Response to Physician Suicide
Even just the ongoing discussion of physician suicide takes its toll on those who are still in medical training. Students must grapple with both future and present worries.Medscape Med Students (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - August 8, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Med Students Commentary Source Type: news

Swaziland: LGBTI Discrimination in Swaziland Leads to Big Mental Health Issues, Report Finds
[Swazi Media] LGBTI people in Swaziland/eSwatini suffer mental health issues and many have attempted suicide because of the way they are discriminated against in the kingdom. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - August 8, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Prescription drug suicide in non-abusers: a 6-year forensic survey - Sikary AK, Sasidharan A, Pillay VV, Andrade C.
We examined prescription drug suicide specifically in non-abusers of prescription drugs; this is a relatively unexplored subject. METH... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Reply to Berrouiguet et  al.: Suicide prevention strategies: a need for ecological sleep monitoring - Chiu HY, Tu YK.
[Abstract unavailable] Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Distraction, Fatigue, Chronobiology, Vigilance, Workload Source Type: news

Societal determinants of violent death: the extent to which social, economic, and structural characteristics explain differences in violence across Australia, Canada, and the United States - Wilkins NJ, Zhang X, Mack KA, Clapperton AJ, Macpherson A, Sleet D, Kresnow-Sedacca MJ, Ballesteros MF, Newton D, Murdoch J, MacKay JM, Berecki-Gisolf J, Marr A, Armstead T, McClure R.
In this ecological study, we attempt to quantify the extent to which differences in homicide and suicide death rates between three countries, and among states/provinces within those countries, may be explained by differences in their social, economic, and ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

U.S. combat veterans' responses to suicide and combat deaths: a mixed-methods study - Lubens P, Silver RC.
RATIONALE: Limited research has examined how combat veterans experience deaths of comrades to combat or suicide. We sought to investigate the process and identify factors that predict the level of grief among post-9/11 U.S. veterans. METHODS: Using... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Evidence of decreased gap junction coupling between astrocytes and oligodendrocytes in the anterior cingulate cortex of depressed suicides - Tanti A, Lutz PE, Kim J, O'Leary L, Th éroux JF, Turecki G, Mechawar N.
Glial dysfunction is a major pathophysiological feature of mood disorders. While altered astrocyte (AS) and oligodendrocyte-lineage (OL) functions have been associated with depression, the crosstalk between these glial cell types has never been assessed in... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Suicide risk in chronic heart failure patients and its association with depression, hopelessness and self esteem - Korkmaz H, Korkmaz S, Çakar M.
Heart failure is a chronic disease that impairs the quality of life and leads to several psychiatric disorders, especially depression and anxiety. The present study intended to investigate suicide risk and its association with depression, hopelessness and ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Distinguishing suicide ideation from suicide attempts: further test of the Integrated Motivational-Volitional Model of Suicidal Behaviour - Branley-Bell D, O'Connor DB, Green JA, Ferguson E, O'Carroll RE, O'Connor RC.
This study tests central tenets of the Integrated Motivati... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

Interventions to prevent suicidal behavior and ideation for patients with cancer: a systematic review - Kawashima Y, Yonemoto N, Inagaki M, Inoue K, Kawanishi C, Yamada M.
This study aimed to summarize interventions for suicide prevention in patients with cancer and highlight any methodological issues. METHODS: We searched PubMed, PsycINFO, CINAHL, and the Cochrane database from their inception until July ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

Suicidal ideation and severity of distress among refugees residing in asylum accommodations in Sweden - Leiler A, Hollifield M, Wasteson E, Bj ärtå A.
Refugees worldwide suffer high levels of distress and are at increased risk for death by suicide. The Refugee Health Screener (RHS) was developed to screen for emotional distress among refugees and can be used to assess distress severity. This paper examin... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Social Etiologies and Disparities Source Type: news

Risk factors for suicidality in patients with panic disorder: a systematic review and meta-analysis - Tietbohl-Santos B, Chiamenti P, Librenza-Garcia D, Cassidy R, Zimerman A, Manfro GG, Kapczinski F, Passos IC.
BACKGROUND: Subjects with panic disorder are nearly 4 times as likely to attempt suicide as compared to subjects without this condition. METHODS: We searched the literature from Jan 1, 1960 to May, 4, 2019. Articles that reported a dichotomous samp... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Doctors Come Out Against Gay Conversion Therapy
WEDNESDAY, Aug. 7, 2019 -- So-called " conversion therapy " can trigger depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, and suicidal thoughts and attempts, and it should be banished in the United States, medical experts say in a new report. Conversion... (Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews)
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - August 7, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

Association of emotional and behavioral problems with single and multiple suicide attempts among Chinese adolescents: modulated by academic performance - Guo L, Wang W, Wang T, Li W, Gong M, Zhang S, Zhang WH, Lu C.
BACKGROUND: There were differences in the characteristics and prevalence rates between individuals with a history of one suicide attempt and those with multiple suicide attempts. This large-scale study was conducted to test, among Chinese adolescents, the ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news