A retrospective study examining the adverse effect of childhood abuse among adult psychiatric service users in Britain - Mantovani N, Smith J.
This study aimed to assess the association between childhood abuse and the development of harmf... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 18, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Around the world: medals & maltreatment: protecting elite child athletes from abuse - Cholewinski H.
The trial of U.S. Gymnastics physician Larry Nassar was one of the first times the American public heard of blatant abuses perpetrated against young, elite athletes. Four years later, the ripples are still felt throughout society. In 2020, Netflix released... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 18, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Emotional, physical, and sexual child abuse in China: prevalence and psychological consequence - Jin M, Wang Q, Xu X, Zhong J.
The present study aimed to examine different degrees of child abuse and related psychological consequences in the mainland of China. A Chinese version of the Norvold Abuse Questionnaire was administered to 981 Chinese college students. The prevalence rates... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 18, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Experiences and psychological health among children exposed to online child sexual abuse - a mixed methods study of court verdicts - Joleby M, Landstr öm S, Lunde C, Jonsson LS.
Cases of online child sexual abuse (OCSA) are increasing dramatically in number, but research on this relatively new type of crime and its psychological consequences is limited, leading to major challenges for the judiciary. The present mixed methods study... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 18, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Inconsistencies in complainant's accounts of child sexual abuse arising in their cross-examination - Pichler AS, Powell M, Sharman SJ, Zydervelt S, Westera N, Goodman-Delahunty J.
A key cross-examination tactic in trials of child sexual abuse (CSA) is to highlight inconsistencies between sources of information to discredit the complainant's account. The present study examined the prevalence, origin and nature of inconsistencies aris... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 18, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Multiomic biological approaches to the study of child abuse and neglect - Layfield SD, Duffy LA, Phillips KA, Lardenoije R, Klengel T, Ressler KJ.
Childhood maltreatment, occurring in up to 20-30% of the population, remains far too common, and incorporates a range of active and passive factors, from abuse, to neglect, to the impacts of broader structural and systemic adversity. Despite the effects of... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 18, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Pathway to expectations of child functioning following sexual abuse: caregiver maltreatment history and depressive symptoms - Mii AE, McCoy K, Coffey HM, Flood MF, Hansen ADJ.
Caregiver responses and behaviors often play a significant role in a child's recovery following child sexual abuse (CSA). Caregiver expectations of their child's postabuse functioning has been associated with child symptoms, such that negative expectations... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 18, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Physical child abuse demands increased awareness during health and socioeconomic crises like COVID-19: a review and education material - Martinkevich P, Larsen LL, Graesholt-Knudsen T, Hesthaven G, Hellfritzsch MB, Petersen KK, M øller-Madsen B, Rölfing JD.
The infographic about red flags that should raise suspicion of physical child abuse has been updated with minor text corrections. Furthermore, a complete reference list for the infographic has been added. Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 18, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Predisposing factors and impact of child victimization: a qualitative study - Wahid Satar SNA, Norhayati MN, Sulaiman Z, Othman A, Yaacob LH, Nik Hazlina NH.
This study aims to describe the risk factors and the effects of sexual abuse on children. This unobtrusive qualitative study was conducted on children aged 10 to 18 years old who experienced sexua... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 18, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Prevalence, pattern and predictors of child sexual abuse among senior secondary school students in Enugu Metropolis - Chime OH, Orji CJ, Aneke TJ, Nwoke IN.
OBJECTIVE: Child sexual abuse (CSA) is a growing public health concern with health, academic and psychosocial implications. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence, pattern and predictors of CSA among secondary school students. METHOD... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 18, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Simulated memory error and blame attribution in cases of child sexual abuse - Hong MR, Hobbs SD.
The present study utilized simulated memory error and blame attributions to investigate the effects of variations in rehearsal on memory. Specifically, 222 undergraduates read a story about child sexual abuse (CSA) while role-playing as the main character.... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 18, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Spirituality of the traumatized child: a call for increased faith community participation in the trauma-healing process for children - Westerfield CM, Doolittle BR.
One-third of all children worldwide experience trauma. This includes domestic violence, serious illness, physical or mental abuse, and death of a parent, among other traumatic experiences. Children who experience trauma are more likely to experience other ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 18, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Trajectories of psychopathology according to continuation or discontinuation of child abuse: a longitudinal observational study - Jung E, Ahn JS, Han J, Kim MH.
Long-term exposure to childhood abuse and occurrence of mental illness are positively correlated. Using long-term tracking data in Korea, we identified the characteristics of children and adolescents who experienced abuse and impact thereof on their psycho... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 18, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

"They aren't going to do jack shit": text-based crisis service users' perceptions of seeking child maltreatment-related support from formal systems - Schwab-Reese LM, Cash SJ, Lambert NJ, Lansford JE.
Many of the children reported to child protective services (CPS) exhibit signs and symptoms that allow others to recognize their abuse or neglect and intervene; others, especially adolescents, must disclose their experiences to be identified. Relatively li... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 18, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Prosecutors' experiences investigating alleged sexual abuse against pre-schoolers - Ernberg E, Magnusson M, Landstr öm S.
Investigating and prosecuting cases of alleged child sexual abuse is challenging, especially if the report concerns a young child. The present study aimed to examine prosecutors' experiences investigating and prosecuting cases of alleged sexual abuse of pr... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 18, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Examining the judgments of pedophiles in relation to a non-sexual offense - Marono A, Bartels RM.
Even though pedophilia is not synonymous with child sexual abuse, it remains a highly stigmatized phenomenon. As such, non-offending pedophilic individuals are judged as being dangerous, abnormal, amoral, and in need of punishment. It is unknown, however, ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 18, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Pediatric emergency department visits due to child abuse and neglect following COVID-19 public health emergency declaration in the Southeastern United States - Bullinger LR, Boy A, Messner S, Self-Brown S.
BACKGROUND: The ongoing worldwide COVID-19 pandemic has heightened  several risk factors  for child abuse and neglect (CAN). We study whether COVID-19 and the public health response to it affected CAN-related pediatric emergency department (ED) visits in ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 16, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Hastert settles child sexual abuse payments suit
Dennis Hastert paid $1.7 million over four years but stopped the payments after the FBI questioned him in 2014. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - September 15, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Gendered attributions of blame and failure to protect in child welfare responses to sexual abuse: a feminist critical discourse analysis - Azzopardi C.
Gender-based relations of power and attributions of blame for child sexual abuse have been longstanding in child welfare policy and practice. Nonoffending mothers continue to be ascribed responsibility through the ideologically and institutionally entrench... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 15, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

"We took turns": How do child victims of intrafamilial child sexual abuse perceive and experience their siblings? - Katz C, Tener D, Hindi I.
OBJECTIVE Intrafamilial child sexual abuse (IFCSA) is a traumatic experience that occurs within the family system. Although it is recognized with respect to its widespread epidemiology, dynamic and adverse consequences, little is known about the sibling s... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 14, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

The importance of child abuse and neglect in adult medicine - Gordon JB.
The risk for adverse consequences and disease due to the trauma of child abuse or neglect is easily assessed using the self-administered modified ACEs questionnaire. Exposure to child maltreatment is endemic and common. At least one out of every ten USA ad... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 13, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

A clinical rationale for assessing the impact of childhood sexual abuse on adjunctive subcutaneous esketamine for treatment-resistant depression - Magalh ães EJM, Sarin LM, Del Sant LC, Lucchese AC, Nakahira C, Tuena MA, Puertas CB, Rodovalho Fava VA, Delfino RS, Surjan J, Steglich MS, Barbosa MG, Abdo G, Del Porto JA, Nemeroff CB, Cogo-Moreira H, Lacerda ALT, Mello AF.
BACKGROUND: A history of child sexual abuse (CSA) is related to higher suicide rates and poor treatment outcomes in depressed adult patients. Twenty years after the first study investigating the effects of ketamine/esketamine on depression and suicide, the... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Adults' endorsement of children's protection and participation rights and likelihood of reporting abuse - Bourke A, Morris S, Maunsell C.
This study examined a sample of Irish adults' (predominantly students; n=83) perceptions of children's participation and protection rights... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Fifteen-minute consultation: bruising in the premobile child - Wallace F, Collins JA, Talawila Da Camara N, Kemp AM, Prosser I, Mullen S.
A bruise in a premobile infant is an uncommon finding and often results in referral to the paediatric or emergency departments, acknowledging the potential for physical abuse in this vulnerable cohort. Our role as clinicians is to undertake a thorough asse... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

The childcare worker and shaken baby syndrome - Alma B.
Shaken Baby Syndrome is still not necessarily recognised as abuse on its own. It is still possible to hear, both from the general population and from some carers, that anyone is likely to shake their baby because of parental exhaustion, for example. Shaken... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

A study of alternative measures in resolving cases of child sexual abuse among the Ga Community in Accra, Ghana - Markwei U, Tetteh PM.
Many children continue to be sexually abused worldwide. In Ghana, relatively high figures of child sexual abuse (CSA) are reported by the police daily. Although there are laws that seek to protect children from sexual abuse, in reality, there is a wide gul... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 8, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Knowledge levels and educational experiences among dental graduates in Saudi Arabia regarding child abuse and neglect: a national study - Sulimany AM, Alsamhan A, Alawwad AA, Aqueel M, Alzaid N, Bawazir OA, Hamdan HM.
BACKGROUND: Child abuse and neglect (CAN) is considered a serious problem worldwide. Dentists have a significant role in recognizing and reporting CAN cases. AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the CAN-related knowledge and educational experie... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 8, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Transnational by default: online child sexual abuse respects no borders - Witting SK.
Combatting child sexual abuse on the internet requires a high level of harmonisation of both substantive and procedural laws, as online child sexual abuse is transnational by default: while the transnational nature of child sexual abuse material used to be... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 8, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Physical abuse of young children during the COVID-19 pandemic: alarming increase in the relative frequency of hospitalizations during the lockdown period - Loiseau M, Cottenet J, Bechraoui-Quantin S, Gilard-Pioc S, Mikaeloff Y, Jollant F, Fran çois-Purssell I, Jud A, Quantin C.
BACKGROUND: In France, the COVID-19 pandemic led to a general lockdown from mid-March to mid-May 2020, forcing families to remain confined. We hypothesized that children may have been victims of more physical abuse during the lockdown, involving an increas... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 8, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

A preliminary study of self-reported childhood sexual abuse among college students from southern India - Rathinam RD, Singh A, Gupta V, Ramalingam R, Darshini LD.
Introduction: Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) is truly a multidimensional issue having long-lasting effect on subject's physical and psychological health. The study was conducted with an aim to study various aspects of self-reported childhood sexual ab... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 6, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

A prospective study on child abuse and elder mistreatment: assessing direct effects and associations with depression and substance use problems during adolescence and middle adulthood - Herrenkohl TI, Roberto KA, Fedina L, Hong S, Love J.
We examined the prospective association between two measures of child abuse, one based on official child welfare records and the other based on parent self-reports, and the perpetration of elder mistreatment by an adult child. We also examined measures of ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 6, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Analysis of the written policies of the 32 U.S. archdioceses on the prevention of child sexual abuse - Dallam SJ, Hamilton MA, Glocker S, Ortiz AJ.
The Catholic Church in the U.S. has been under concerted public pressure to improve its child protection policies. However, development of these policies has largely been left to the discretion of local dioceses with little central oversight. To determine ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 6, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Childhood sexual abuse and exposure to peer bullying victimization - Kennedy RS, Font SA, Haag AC, Noll JG.
Females exposed to child sexual abuse (CSA) are at an increased risk of experiencing further victimization in adolescence. Associations between CSA and several forms of cyber and in-person peer bullying victimization were assessed in a prospective, longitu... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 6, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Diversity of adaptation profiles in youth victims of child sexual abuse - H ébert M, Amédée LM, Théorêt V, Petit MP.
OBJECTIVE: Child sexual abuse (CSA) is associated with long-term negative consequences in adolescents, but some survivors display resilience. The purpose of this study was to delineate profiles of adaptation in adolescent victims of CSA and to examine thei... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 6, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Early trauma and later sexual victimization in college women: a multiple mediation examination of alexithymia, impulsivity, and alcohol use - Mullet N, Hawkins LG, Tuliao AP, Snyder H, Holyoak D, McGuire KC, Earl AK, McChargue D.
Childhood abuse and sexual violence against women are prevalent in the United States. However, researchers have not fully explored the intersection among important predisposing factors that predict recent sexual violence experienced by women who are also s... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 6, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Emotion regulation and mental health among men with childhood sexual abuse histories - Snow J, Moorman J, Romano E.
Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) is a form of child maltreatment which has been increasingly recognized as a common experience among men. Research on male CSA remains under-developed but suggests many negative mental health impacts. The current study examined ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 6, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Predicting prolific live streaming of child sexual abuse - Cubitt T, Napier S, Brown R.
This study employs a machine learning approach to better understand the characteristics of Australians who engaged with k... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 6, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Reunification, alienation, or re-traumatization? Let's start listening to the child - Chester S.
"Reunification therapy" is regularly ordered in family court for children who resist contact with a parent they claim is abusive. Based on my client's experience of court-ordered reunification with her father who had sexually abused her, this case study de... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 6, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

The family check-up: ecological family-based assessments in the context of potential child abuse or chaotic home environments - Metcalfe RE, Guidinger CL, Stormshak EA.
One percent of all children in the United States are estimated to be abused or neglected each year, equating to about 700,000 children per year. Limited parenting skills are one of the most robust risk factors for child abuse and neglect. The present paper... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 6, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

The impact of childhood trauma on children's wellbeing and adult behavior - Downey C, Crummy A.
This article looks at the impact of childhood trauma on children's wellbeing and adult behavior from the perspective of 9 clinical professionals in Ireland. It exhibits how physical, sexual and emotional abuse disrupts one's life through analyz... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 6, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

The impact of out-of-home placement characteristics with regard to suicidal risk among adult survivors of childhood abuse - Touati CD, Miljkovitch R, Sirparanta A, Deborde AS.
BACKGROUND:Childhood abuse is associated with increased lifetime suicidal risk (SR). Among victims of abuse, children in out-of-home care are also at risk. Out-of-home placement is aimed at stopping further exposure to maltreatment and at providing the nec... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 6, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

The importance of pediatric dentistry in identifying child sexual abuse situations - Silva EM, Brasileiro CTD, Brasil CMV.
INTRODUCTION: Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) is a virus prevalent in the general population and is considered a sexually transmitted infection, and can be transmitted by non-sexual forms such as casual contact and vertical transmission. The virus is considere... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 6, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

The psychometric properties of the Persian version of Childhood Experience of Care and Abuse Questionnaire (CECA) - Shirinbayan P, Salavati M, Soleimani F, Saeedi A, Asghari-Jafarabadi M, Hemmati S, Vameghi R.
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to determine the psychometric properties of the Persian version of the Childhood Experience of Care and Abuse Questionnaire (CECA.Q), a tool based on a retrospective interview with the child. MATERIALS AND METHOD... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 6, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

The attachment video-feedback intervention (AVI) combined to the trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy (TF-CBT) for sexually abused preschoolers and their parents: a pilot study examining pre- to post-test changes - Caouette J, H ébert M, Cyr C, Amédée LM.
Child sexual abuse is associated with a range of negative consequences, including behavior problems and dissociative and posttraumatic stress symptoms. Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT) has shown to be successful in the treatment of chil... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 6, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

How does neighborhood affect child maltreatment among immigrant families? - Seon J.
BACKGROUND: Child maltreatment in immigrant families is understudied, although research suggests that they are at higher risk of child abuse and neglect. While the limited studies on the etiology of child maltreatment among immigrant families have mainly f... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 6, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

How does Lichen Sclerosus et Atrophicus Present?
Discussion Lichen sclerosus et atrophicus (LSA) is a chronic inflammatory disease with a strong autoimmune association. It can occur with other autoimmune diseases. Its specific cause is unknown. It affects females and males of all ages, but especially females 40-60 years. In the pediatric population it affects prepubertal females most often. Treatment includes steroid medications or anti-inflammatory medications. Other treatments may be offered including phototherapy, and much less commonly systemic steroids or immunosuppressive therapy. Circumcision may also be an option for some males. Childhood LSA generally improves b...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - September 6, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Pediatric Education Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

Angelina Jolie Talks Harvey Weinstein and Fearing for Her Children ’s Safety Amid Custody Battle With Brad Pitt
Jolie says that despite fearing for her "whole family," in regards to her allegations of domestic abuse against Pitt, she still wants... (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - September 5, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Preventing harmful sexual behavior in primary schools: barriers and solutions - Draugedalen K, Kleive H, Grov.
BACKGROUND: Schools are recognized as crucial stakeholders in preventing and combating public health problems such as sexual violence and abuse. While prevention efforts have often focused on safeguarding children from adult perpetrators, less attention ha... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 4, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Apple delays plan to scan iPhones for child abuse images
The feature, intended as part of an update for iPhones, iPads and Mac computers this fall, raised a number of privacy concerns. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - September 3, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Apple delays plan to scan iPhones for child abuse
It said it had listened to feedback from privacy campaigners and others and would reassess. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - September 3, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news