Associations between child physical abuse potential, observed maternal parenting, and young children's emotion regulation: is participation in Early Head Start protective? - Paschall KW, Mastergeorge AM, Ayoub CC.
Clinicians working with Early Head Start (EHS) families consider family well-being and positive parent-child relationships as foundational to school readiness. Understanding the links between risk factors and these dimensions of family engagement can infor... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Patterns of childhood maltreatment and intimate partner violence, emotion dysregulation, and mental health symptoms among lesbian, gay, and bisexual emerging adults: a three-step latent class approach - Charak R, Villarreal L, Schmitz RM, Hirai M, Ford JD.
BACKGROUND: Childhood abuse and neglect (CAN) and intimate partner violence victimization (IPV) is prevalent among lesbian, gay, and bisexual individuals (LGB). Identification of distinct patterns of childhood and adult victimization, including technology-... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Relationship between the history of abuse in the childhood and abusive behaviour towards children. Itag üí, Colombia, 2012-2013 - Ochoa O, Restrepo D, Salas Zapata C, Sierra GM, Torres de Galvis Y.
INTRODUCTION: One of the experiences that represent the biggest risk for any society is child abuse. Despite the consequences of this form of violence, it tends to be a hidden and little understood phenomenon. The reason why parents mistreat their children... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

The role of sleep dysfunction in the relationship between trauma, neglect and depression in methamphetamine using men - Jones DL, Rodriguez VJ, De La Rosa A, Dietch J, Kumar M.
This study explored the potential for sleep dysfunction to influence the relationship between CT and depression in methamp... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Transnational child sexual abuse: outcomes from a roundtable discussion - Merdian HL, Perkins DE, Webster SD, McCashin D.
The phenomenon of men who travel across international borders to engage in child sexual abuse presents significant public health, legal, diplomatic, cultural, and research challenges. Briefed in the current scope of this issue by relevant stakeholders acro... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Occult child abuse presenting as pneumatosis intestinalis and portomesenteric venous gas - a case report - Lee EP, Lin JJ, Hsia SH, Chan OW, Wu HP.
BACKGROUND: Pneumatosis intestinalis and portomesenteric venous gas are usually caused by necrotizing enterocolitis; however they can occur secondary to abusive abdominal trauma with bone fractures and bruising. It is difficult to recognize initially if th... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

"They were the ones that saw me and listened." From child sexual abuse to disclosure: adults' recalls of the process towards final disclosure - Brattfjell ML, Fl åm AM.
This study examines what adults exposed to chil... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 17, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Oral injuries in children less than 24 months of age in a pediatric emergency department - Woolf SM, Leventhal JM, Gaither JR, Hardikar P, Langhan ML, Bechtel K, Auerbach MA, Tiyyagura G.
BACKGROUND: Oral injuries in young children may indicate physical abuse. The prevalence of oral injuries in young children presenting to the emergency department is unknown. These data would assist providers in making decisions about the need for further a... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 17, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Prevalence of child abuse in Kerala, India: an ICAST-CH based survey - Kumar MT, Kar N, Kumar S.
BACKGROUND: Child abuse is a major concern in India with frequent reports of extreme maltreatment and fatalities. A dearth of robust and methodologically sound studies has resulted in ambiguity regarding the extent of child abuse in the general population.... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 17, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

The pancreas in child abuse - Callahan K, Knight LD.
The pancreas can be a critical indicator of inflicted injury in young children. Due to its retroperitoneal location and the amount of incursion of the abdomen required to cause injury, the pancreas is unlikely to be significantly injured in minor trauma in... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 17, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Understanding medical findings in child sexual abuse: an update for 2018 - Adams JA.
When child sexual abuse is suspected, it is important for medical professionals to understand normal as well as abnormal features of the external genital and anal tissues in children. Physicians and other healthcare professionals who rarely perform a detai... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Are there hallmarks of child abuse? I. osseus injuries - Massello W.
[Abstract unavailable] Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Wearable sensor can detect hidden anxiety, depression in young children
(University of Vermont) Anxiety and depression in young children are hard to detect and often go untreated, potentially leading to anxiety disorders and increased risk of suicide and drug abuse later. In a PLOS ONE study, researchers showed a wearable sensor detected these 'internalizing disorders' in children with 81 percent accuracy, reducing to 20 seconds what would take clinicians months to diagnose, opening the door to inexpensive screening that could be part of routine developmental assessments. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - January 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

A survey on the perception and attitude change of first-line healthcare providers after child abuse education in South Korea: a pilot study - Paek SH, Kwak YH, Noh H, Jung JH.
We had designed an educational program for early reporting of suspected child abuse for healthcare providers in South Korea. The purpose of study was to evaluate the effectiveness of education program for health care providers as pilot study. The education... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 15, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Multicentre study of physical abuse and limb fractures in young children in the East Anglia Region, UK - Mitchell PD, Brown R, Wang T, Shah RD, Samworth RJ, Deakin S, Edge P, Hudson I, Hutchinson R, Stohr K, Latimer M, Natarajan R, Qasim S, Rehm A, Sanghrajka A, Tissingh E, Wright GM.
OBJECTIVE: To determine if the detection of physical abuse in young children with fractures is of uniform high standard in the East Anglia Region of the UK, and whether we can identify areas for improvement in our detection of high-risk groups. DES... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 15, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

3 reasons for education, mental and behavioral health services
Clinical and academic research consistently illustrates the pressing need for education and treatment programs for the most vulnerable among us – our children – and particularly those who are battling a variety of challenges.  Many youth in the Greater Cincinnati area experience a myriad of challenges many of us never consider. And they experience them daily. These youth face poverty, abuse and neglect, behavioral and behavioral, m ental health and learning challenges, and lack the resources… (Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Biotechnology headlines)
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Biotechnology headlines - January 15, 2019 Category: Biotechnology Authors: John Banchy Source Type: news

3 reasons for education, mental and behavioral health services
Clinical and academic research consistently illustrates the pressing need for education and treatment programs for the most vulnerable among us – our children – and particularly those who are battling a variety of challenges.  Many youth in the Greater Cincinnati area experience a myriad of challenges many of us never consider. And they experience them daily. These youth face poverty, abuse and neglect, behavioral and behavioral, m ental health and learning challenges, and lack the resources… (Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Pharmaceuticals headlines)
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Pharmaceuticals headlines - January 15, 2019 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: John Banchy Source Type: news

Odds Of Dying From Accidental Opioid Overdose In US Surpass Those Of Dying In Car Accident
(CNN) — For the first time on record the odds of accidentally dying from an opioid overdose in the United States are now greater than those of dying in an automobile accident. The grim finding comes from the National Safety Council which analyzed preventable injury and fatality statistics from 2017. The NSC also found the lifetime odds of death for this form of overdose were greater than the risk of death from falls, pedestrian incidents, drowning and fire. Examining a variety of federal and state data the NSC found the lifetime odds of dying from an accidental opioid overdose were 1 in 96. For motor vehicle accident...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - January 14, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Health – CBS Boston Tags: Health News CNN Local TV opioid crisis opioids Source Type: news

Corrigendum -
Carlson, M. W.,& Oshri, A. (2018). Depressive symptom trajectories among sexually abused youth: Examining the effects of parental perpetration and age of abuse onset. Child Maltreatment, 23, 387-398. DOI: 10.1177/1077559518779755 In this article the... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 14, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Influence of the type of childhood violence on cannabis abuse and dependence among adolescents: a systematic review and meta-analysis - Mart ínez Mota L, Jiménez Rubio G, Hernández Hernández OT, Páez Martínez N.
The use of cannabis for recreational purposes has increased worldwide, and the proportion of cannabis users in the adolescent population is high. Susceptibility to cannabis use involves various factors, including childhood adversity; however, the effects o... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 14, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

The relation of childhood abuse experiences to problematic sexual behaviors in male youths who have sexually offended - Davis KA, Knight RA.
Psychological abuse and sexual abuse, either alone or in combination, have been implicated as developmental antecedents of problematic sexual thoughts and behaviors in studies of sexually aggressive males (Jesperson, Lalumi ère,& Seto, 2009; Knight& Sims... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 14, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

A follow-up study on the continuity and spillover effects of intimate partner violence during pregnancy on postnatal child abuse - Kita S, Chan KL, Tobe H, Hayashi M, Umeshita K, Matsunaga M, Uehara N, Kamibeppu K.
This study identifies the continuity and spillover effects of IPV during pregnancy on IPV and child abuse and neglect (CAN) at 1... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 14, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

The infant with bilateral skull fractures: diagnostic considerations in consultation with a child abuse pediatrician - O'Hara MA.
Bilateral skull fractures in infancy may result from accidental or abusive injury. Consultation with a child abuse pediatrician may assist with determining the likelihood of accident or abuse. Diagnostic considerations for the infant with bilateral skull f... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 14, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Child abuse ups suicide risk in later life
Children who experience physical, sexual, and emotional abuse are significantly more likely to attempt suicide in later life, a study has found. (Source: PsycPORT.com)
Source: PsycPORT.com - January 12, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: news

Child protection in families with parental mental illness - Albermann K, Wiegand-Grefe S, Winter S.
Child Protection in Families with Parental Mental Illness Children and adolescents from families with parental mental illness face an increased risk to experience abuse, neglect and maltreatment. The effects of imminent, intermittent or chronic distress on... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 12, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

"I love and hate him in the same breath": relationships of adult survivors of sexual abuse with their perpetrating siblings - Tener D.
The term sibling sexual abuse (SSA) captures a broad continuum of sexual behaviors in childhood and adolescence that exceed the threshold of age-appropriate curiosity. Based on a sample of 15 adult survivors of SSA, this qualitative study examines experien... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Patterned bruises from abusive squeezing - Petska HW, Frasier LD, Livingston N, Moles R, Sheets LK.
Bruising is the most common presentation of child physical abuse. Many patterns of abusive bruising result in positive or negative imprints of the implement used (eg, fingertips in "grab mark" contusions or hand in slap injury). However, bruising may also ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

In her words: R. Kelly: Why So Many Ignored the Warning Signs
The R&B star has enjoyed fame despite decades of claims that he ’ s abused teenage girls. Why? (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - January 11, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: MAYA SALAM Tags: Kelly, R Aaliyah Surviving R Kelly (TV Program) Blacks Women and Girls #MeToo Movement Sex Crimes Child Pornography Lifetime Television Source Type: news

In her words: R. Kelly: Why So Many Overlooked the Warning Signs
The R&B star has enjoyed fame despite decades of claims that he ’ s abused teenage girls. Why? (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - January 11, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: MAYA SALAM Tags: Kelly, R Aaliyah Surviving R Kelly (TV Program) Blacks Women and Girls #MeToo Movement Sex Crimes Child Pornography Lifetime Television Source Type: news

Weekly Postings
This article from Smithsonian Magazine highlights some titles that you’ll now have access to.   MAR Postings is a comprehensive weekly news series authored by the National Network of Libraries of Medicine, Middle Atlantic Region (NNLM MAR) (Source: NN/LM Middle Atlantic Region Blog)
Source: NN/LM Middle Atlantic Region Blog - January 11, 2019 Category: Databases & Libraries Authors: Kate Flewelling Tags: Blog Education News from NLM/NIH Weekly Postings Source Type: news

Mona and Samir, a new chance
In August 2014, ISIS attacked the Iraqi town of Sinjar, targeting the Yezidi community. They executed men and abducted thousands women and children.  Mona and Samir, a mother and son. were amongst them.  Soon, 8 year-old Samir was separated from his mother.   Mona was sold as a slave in Mosul, and subjected to two years of physical, sexual, and emotional violence before her rela­tives found her and paid for her freedom. To protect her, they took her to Chamesku camp in northern Iraq. When we first met her, Mona was distressed and traumatised from her experiences and suffered horrible ...
Source: Doctors of the World News - January 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Martina Villa Tags: Uncategorised Source Type: news

Drug overdose deaths among American women have more than tripled since 1999
For many decades, drugs of abuse were a menace that mostly threatened the lives of men. In 1999, fewer than 1 in 25,000 adult women in the United States died of a drug overdose, and childbirth was twice as deadly.No more. Drug overdoses have become a prodigious thief of female lives in the U.S.... (Source: Los Angeles Times - Science)
Source: Los Angeles Times - Science - January 11, 2019 Category: Science Authors: Melissa Healy Source Type: news

Associations between maternal exposure to child abuse, preterm birth, and very preterm birth in young, nulliparous women - Cammack AL, Hogue CJ, Drews-Botsch CD, Kramer MR, Pearce BD.
The objective of this stu... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Child sexual abuse and differential diagnoses: a case report - Freeman M.
[Abstract unavailable] Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

"You just know something's not right" - what makes primary healthcare professionals suspect child abuse? A qualitative study - Agravat P, Singh S, Ross J.
[Abstract unavailable] Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Is the Brief Child Abuse Potential Inventory (BCAPI) a valid measure of child abuse potential among mothers and fathers of young children in Germany? - Liel C, Meinck F, Steinert JI, Kindler H, Lang K, Eickhorst A.
This study aimed to confirm the 6-factor structure of the Brief Child Abuse Potential Inventory (B... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Japanese students do see the value of asking about child abuse and trauma in the research setting - Allard CB, Straus E, Ra MI, Thomas KB, Kawamura R, Tosaka Y.
Despite evidence regarding the impact of childhood abuse perpetrated by close others, or high betrayal trauma, a number of barriers continue to impede research efforts, including concerns that research may do more harm than good. Research conducted with We... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Munchausen by proxy syndrome mimicking childhood-onset systemic lupus erythematosus - Kuhne ACA, Pitta AC, Galassi SC, Gon çalves AMF, Cardoso ACA, Paz JA, Campos LMA, Silva CA.
Childhood-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (cSLE) is a chronic inflammatory multisystem autoimmune disease that requires multiple differential diagnoses. Munchausen by proxy syndrome (MBPS) is a form of child abuse, where a caregiver intentionally create... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Child abuse linked to risk of suicide in later life
(University of Manchester) Children who experience physical, sexual, and emotional abuse or neglect are at least two to three times more likely to attempt suicide in later life, according to the largest research review carried out of the topic. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 9, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Childhood abuse, intimate partner violence, and placental abruption among Peruvian women - Mitro SD, Sanchez SE, Palomino H, Gelaye B, Williams MA.
We examined whether CA history and current IPV are independently and jointly associated with placental abruption (PA). METH... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Does a history of sexual and physical childhood abuse contribute to HIV infection risk in adulthood? A study among post-natal women in Harare, Zimbabwe - Shamu S, Shamu P, Zarowsky C, Temmerman M, Shefer T, Abrahams N.
BACKGROUND: Sexual and physical abuse in childhood creates a great health burden including on mental and reproductive health. A possible link between child abuse and HIV infection has increasingly attracted attention. This paper investigated whether a hist... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Rethinking traditional behaviour management to better support complex trauma-surviving students - Howard J.
Children and adolescents who have survived complex trauma have suffered the type of ongoing and repeated traumatic experience that includes factors such as physical, sexual, and/or emotional abuse, significant neglect, and/or family violence. Complex child... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Occult drug exposure in young children evaluated for physical abuse: an opportunity for intervention - Petska HW, Porada K, Nugent M, Simpson P, Sheets LK.
BACKGROUND: Although screening for drug exposure is an important consideration in the evaluation of suspected child maltreatment, limited data are available on the frequency of drug exposure in children with suspected physical abuse. OBJECTIVE: To ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Pediatric residents' knowledge and attitudes towards child abuse - Ebrahimi S, Alavi A, Ebrahimi A.
BACKGROUND: Child abuse causes serious mental, physical, and social problems, and it is considered as a universal problem occurring in every society. Pediatricians are often the first professionals who see the children with symptoms of child abuse; thus, t... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Abuse as a cause of childhood fractures - Berthold O, Frericks B, John T, Clemens V, Fegert JM, Moers AV.
BACKGROUND: It is well known that physical abuse of children all too often escapes detection. Fractures are among the potential consequences of physical abuse but are also com- mon in childhood because of accidents. A question frequently addressed to the M... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Behavioural beliefs of Ghanaian radiographers and reporting of child physical abuse - Antwi WK, Reeves P, Ferris C, Aziato L.
INTRODUCTION: Radiographers are well placed to flag non accidental injury in children due to their unique position within the imaging chain. Being able to identify (or suspect) physical abuse in children and reporting the incident are, however, two differe... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Identification and characterization of oral injury in suspected child abuse cases: one health system's experience - George CLS, Theesfeld SSN, Wang Q, Hudson MJ, Harper NS.
OBJECTIVES: Accurately differentiating inflicted from accidental injury in infants and toddlers is critical. Many studies have documented characteristics of inflicted bruises, fractures, and head injuries facilitating the development of clinical tools. The... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

How An Oil Boom in West Texas Is Reshaping the World
My view from the window seat of a small regional jet landing in Midland, Texas, is either a testament to the advances of human civilization or a sign of its impending demise, depending on your perspective. Countless oil wells, identified by their glowing red flames, dot the dark landscape. We are descending into the Permian Basin, the heart of American oil country, where the massive oil and gas boom is changing not just Texas but also the nation and the world. This year the region is expected to generate an average of 3.9 million barrels per day, roughly a third of total U.S. oil production, according to the U.S. Departmen...
Source: TIME: Science - January 3, 2019 Category: Science Authors: Justin Worland Tags: Uncategorized energy Source Type: news

Fractures in children often indicate abuse
(Deutsches Aerzteblatt International) Physical abuse in children often remains undetected. Atypical fractures may indicate such abuse. Everything that doctors should be particularly alert to and aware of in this setting is the subject of an article by Oliver Berthold and colleagues in the current issue of the Deutsches Ä rzteblatt International (Dtsch Arztebl Int 2018, 115: 769-75). (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Childhood abuse and neglect in intimately pierced individuals - M öller J, Peregrinova L, Badde S, Oddo S, Unterhorst K, Stirn A.
Body piercing of the genitalia and nipples, called intimate piercing (IP), is an increasingly popular practice. However, research on psychological effects of IP is still scarce. In the present study we assessed the assumption that IP may play a key role in... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news