What Are Some Risk Factors for Cerebral Palsy?
Discussion The term, cerebral palsy, or CP has gone through many iterations with the first description in 1861 by W.J. Little who described it as “The condition of spastic rigidity of the limbs of newborn children.” The most recent definition is from Rosenbaun et al. in 2007 which states it is “a group of permanent disorders of the development of movement and posture, causing activity limitation, that are attributed to non-progressive disturbances that occurred in the developing fetal or infant brain. The motor disorders of cerebral palsy are often accompanied by disturbances of sensation, perception, cognition, communication, and behaviour, by epilepsy, and by secondary musculoskeletal problems.” The incidence is about 2-3/1000 live births in high income countries but higher in low income countries. CP can be a severe motor problem for children and adults with up to 40% of patients unable to walk independently. CP is really a clinical diagnosis with help from neuroimaging. It basically includes using history, some standardized physical examination ratings (i.e. Prechtl General Movement Assessment and Hammersmith Infant Neurological Examination), and cranial ultrasound or MRI which may show findings consistent with the history and physical examination such as intraventricular hemorrhage, cerebral or cerebellar hemorrhage, posthemorrhagic ventricular dilatation, or cystic periventricular leukomalacia. Diagnosis can be made within the first 6 months b...
Authors: Messaadi N, Bayen S, Beghin L, Lefebvre JM, Colleau S, Deken V, Cottencin O, Quersin F, Descamps A, Vanhelst J Abstract BACKGROUND: Screen media usage has become increasingly commonplace in daily life with children initiating themselves to screen media at an early age. Given the high prevalence of screen viewing among children worldwide, its impact on children's health has become a cause for concern. Unfortunately, little information on the independent association between sleep habits and screen time in French children is currently available. The main aim of this study was to assess possible...
Publication date: August 2020Source: LWT, Volume 130Author(s): Ariana de Souza Soares, Bruno Ricardo de Castro Leite Júnior, Alline Artigiani Lima Tribst, Pedro Esteves Duarte Augusto, Afonso Mota Ramos
Publication date: Available online 28 May 2020Source: Innovative Food Science &Emerging TechnologiesAuthor(s): Myrsini Kakagianni, Christina Chatzitzika, Konstantinos Koutsoumanis, Vasilis P. Valdramidis
Abstract Recent studies on the effects of sleep deprivation on synaptic plasticity have yielded discrepant results. Sleep deprivation studies using novelty exposure as a means to keep animals awake suggests that sleep (compared with wake) leads to widespread reductions in net synaptic strength. By contrast, sleep deprivation studies using approaches avoiding novelty-induced arousal (i.e., gentle handling) suggest that sleep can promote synaptic growth and strengthening. How can these discrepant findings be reconciled? Here, we discuss how varying methodologies for the experimental disruption of sleep (with differe...
The objective of this narrative review is to familiarize primary care clinicians with the variety of acute treatment options available in the United States today based on clinical trial findings, meta-analyses, evidence-based guidelines, and professional society consensus statements. PMID: 32459561 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusion: Our findings suggest that suppression of TGF-β-induced signaling by eupatilin might be an effective therapeutic strategy for the treatment of endometrial fibrosis. PMID: 32460455 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusion: The top-quality embryo score at transfer and the degree of post-warming embryo development were associated with clinical pregnancy in vitrified cleavage-stage embryo transfer cycles. In vitrified blastocyst transfer cycles, the top-quality blastocyst score at transfer was the only significant factor affecting clinical pregnancy. PMID: 32456411 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Albalate M, Arribas P, Torres E, Cintra M, Alcázar R, Puerta M, Ortega M, Procaccini F, Martin J, Jiménez E, Fernandez I, de Sequera P, Grupo de Enfermería HUIL, Grupo enfermería HUIL Abstract Dialysis patients are a risk group for SARS-CoV-2 infection and possibly further complications, but we have little information. The aim of this paper is to describe the experience of the first month of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic in a hospital haemodialysis (HD) unit serving the district of Madrid with the second highest incidence of COVID-19 (almost 1,000 patients in 100,000h). In the form of...
CONCLUSION: The women leaders were given a wide range of tasks, despite having a low educational level and receiving training through brief orientations. They also showed limited knowledge but had a relatively high level of activities related to maternal health, while less so on neonatal and child health. PMID: 32456555 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSIONS: High-intensity strength training is strongly associated with lower levels of MP in arm-hand, neck-shoulder, and back, whereas no association was found with frequency or lower intensities. PMID: 32464597 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
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