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FY 2019 Budget Health and Human Services Biodefense Activities
U.S. House of Representatives, Committee on Appropriations. 04/18/2018 This two-hour, 26-minute Congressional hearing discusses the state of the nation's preparedness for 21st century health security threats, including biological incidents, and the Department of Health and Human Services'plans for FY 2018 and beyond. Witnesses discuss the research response of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to potential attacks with chemical and radiological/nuclear agents, as well as biological threats, including emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases; and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's role in biodefense, ...
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - April 26, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: The U.S. National Library of Medicine Source Type: news

Flesh-eating ulcer: Coalition will spend $1.5m to try to control disease's spread
Buruli ulcer funding will be matched by Victorian government and two local councilsMore than $1m will be spent tackling a mysterious flesh-eating bug and reducing its spread in Australia.The federal government on Thursday announced it is investing $1.5m into researching the Buruli ulcer,which has spread throughout Victoria and far north Queensland.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - April 25, 2018 Category: Science Authors: Australian Associated Press Tags: Health Infectious diseases Australia news Medical research Microbiology Victoria Source Type: news

Nearly Three-Quarters of Commonly Used Medical Scopes Tainted by Bacteria Nearly Three-Quarters of Commonly Used Medical Scopes Tainted by Bacteria
The ‘ scary ’ findings show a discouraging lack of progress in cleaning the devices, despite more vigorous efforts in the wake of deadly superbug outbreaks, experts say.Kaiser Health News (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - April 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Infectious Diseases News Source Type: news

Romaine Purge; C. auris Assay Approval; New Flu Vax, Same Problems
(MedPage Today) -- News and commentary from the world of infectious diseases (Source: MedPage Today Public Health)
Source: MedPage Today Public Health - April 25, 2018 Category: American Health Source Type: news

From Declaration to Action: Improving Immunization in Africa
Inviolate Akinyi, a 46-year-old grandmother, got her granddaughter immunized using a mix of private and public clinics. Credit: Veronique Magnin – Habari Kibra VolunteerBy Joyce NgangaNAIROBI, Kenya, Apr 25 2018 (IPS)Inviolate Akinyi, a 46-year-old grandmother, is certain that her grand-daughter needs to get all her vaccines for her to grow up healthy and strong. She uses a mix of private and public clinics in Kibera, one of the largest informal settlement in Nairobi, to get the 15-month-old the shots she needs. Mary Awour, mother to two-year-old Vilance Amondi, also believes immunization is important to protect her ...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Joyce Nganga Tags: Africa Aid Featured Global Headlines Health Human Rights Humanitarian Emergencies Inequity IPS UN: Inside the Glasshouse Population Poverty & SDGs TerraViva United Nations Source Type: news

Malawi:What's Holding Malawi Back in Its Fight Against Malaria
[The Conversation Africa] Malaria is a major health problem in Malawi. Each year millions of cases are recorded - most are pregnant women and children under the age of five. (Source: AllAfrica News: Malaria)
Source: AllAfrica News: Malaria - April 25, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Africa:Scientists Design a Novel Formula That Repels and Kills Mosquitoes
[The Conversation Africa] Long-lasting insecticide treated nets and indoor spraying are the main malaria vector control interventions recommended by the World Health Organisation. Both target mosquitoes that feed indoors. (Source: AllAfrica News: Malaria)
Source: AllAfrica News: Malaria - April 25, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Malawi:Mosquito Nets Used for Fishing in Nsanje
[Nyasa Times] Fishers along the Shire River and other fishing grounds in Nsanje District are using mosquito nets for fishing which the Fisheries Department has described a s worrisome. (Source: AllAfrica News: Malaria)
Source: AllAfrica News: Malaria - April 25, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Angola:U.S. Spends U.S.$300 Million On Fight Malaria in Angola
[ANGOP] Soyo -The United States spent USD 300 million on combat malaria in Angola from 2005 to date, said US ambassador to Angola, Nina Fite. (Source: AllAfrica News: Malaria)
Source: AllAfrica News: Malaria - April 25, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Nigeria:How Cost of Medicines Leave Many At the Mercy of Malaria
[Daily Trust] Today is World Malaria Day. Daily Trust looks at how the cost of anti-malarial weighs down on the populace (Source: AllAfrica News: Malaria)
Source: AllAfrica News: Malaria - April 25, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Nigeria:World Malaria Day 2018 - Ready to Beat Malaria
[Guardian] Malaria remains one of the oldest diseases in the world. According to statistics from the World Health Organisation, 3.4 billion people live in areas at risk of malaria transmission in 91 countries and territories. (Source: AllAfrica News: Malaria)
Source: AllAfrica News: Malaria - April 25, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

NIH study: No chronic wasting disease transmissibility in macaques
(NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases) Chronic wasting disease (CWD) did not cross the species barrier to infect cynomolgus macaque monkeys during a lengthy investigation by National Institutes of Health scientists exploring risks to humans. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - April 25, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

A portable test identifies populations vulnerable to infectious diseases in remote settings
(American Association for the Advancement of Science) Researchers have created a compact and portable device that can test human blood samples for the presence of antibodies against measles and rubella in only 35 minutes. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - April 25, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Positive Phase 2 results of NovaDigm TX's NDV-3A vaccine published in Clinical Infectious Diseases
(MacDougall Biomedical Communications, Inc.) NovaDigm Therapeutics, a company developing innovative immuno-therapeutics and preventative vaccines for fungal and bacterial infections, today announced the publication of data from a Phase 2a study of its NDV-3A vaccine program in the journal Clinical Infectious Diseases. The data demonstrate that a single dose of NDV-3A with alum adjuvant was safe, well-tolerated, immunogenic and efficacious, leading to reduced recurrences of vaginitis in patients with recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis (RVVC). (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - April 25, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Planning for Specific Hazards: Bolstering Health Center Staff Readiness for an Outbreak
National Nurse-Led Care Coalition. 03/21/2018 This one-hour webinar explores the value of developing hazard-specific plans, such as for infectious disease outbreaks, as part of an all-hazards approach to emergency preparedness. Panelists share tips for prioritizing hazards and guidance on planning for an outbreak, including how to effectively train staff, test plans, and access helpful resources. (Video or Multimedia) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - April 24, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: The U.S. National Library of Medicine Source Type: news

Africa:'You're Miserable. You're Beyond Miserable.' - Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie on Having Malaria
[allAfrica] For millions of Africans, malaria is a debilitating disease which repeatedly disrupts their lives and their productivity, leaving them "miserable, beyond miserable" every time it strikes, as the award-winning Nigerian writer Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie describes it. (Source: AllAfrica News: Malaria)
Source: AllAfrica News: Malaria - April 24, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Nigeria:With Medicines Security, We Can Beat Malaria
[Vanguard] This year marks the third consecutive year that I chair the National World Malaria Day Committee on behalf of Dr Okechukwu Akpa, the PMGMAN Chairman. Although some progress has been made, the situation remains dire. (Source: AllAfrica News: Malaria)
Source: AllAfrica News: Malaria - April 24, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Nigeria:Bill Gates Scared of Mosquitoes More Than Sharks
[Daily Trust] Founder of Microsoft and one time world's wealthiest man, Bill Gates said that he is more scared of Mosquitoes than Sharks. (Source: AllAfrica News: Malaria)
Source: AllAfrica News: Malaria - April 24, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Africa:U.S.$4.1 Billion Investment Commitment Made to Rid Commonwealth of Malaria
[EA Business] London -A landmark £2.9bn ($4.1bn) commitment was made to invest in ridding the Commonwealth of malaria. (Source: AllAfrica News: Malaria)
Source: AllAfrica News: Malaria - April 24, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Nigeria:60% of Cases in Ebonyi Hospitals Caused By Malaria - Govt
[Vanguard] Abakaliki -Ebonyi State government yesterday, said 60 per cent of hospital attendance in the state was caused by malaria and its negative effects on the people of the state. (Source: AllAfrica News: Malaria)
Source: AllAfrica News: Malaria - April 24, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Nigeria:Nigeria to Bridge Malaria Funding Gap With N108bn Lifeline
[Vanguard] AS the world marks this year's World Malaria Day, Nigeria has renewed its efforts by committing to raise malaria up the national priority list, including securing $300 million (108 billion ) in new financing from the World Bank, Islamic Development Bank and African Development Bank to help finance its national malaria strategy. (Source: AllAfrica News: Malaria)
Source: AllAfrica News: Malaria - April 24, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Kenya:Mombasa Residents Grapple With Mosquito-Borne Diseases
[Nation] Mombasa residents are still grappling with malaria, dengue and chikungunya as Governor Hassan Joho promises to eradicate the mosquito borne diseases. (Source: AllAfrica News: Malaria)
Source: AllAfrica News: Malaria - April 24, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Commonly prescribed heartburn drug linked to pneumonia in older adults
(American Geriatrics Society) Researchers at the University of Exeter have found a statistical link between pneumonia in older people and a group of medicines commonly used to neutralize stomach acid in people with heartburn or stomach ulcers. Although proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs) are still a valuable group of medicines, research is indicating that PPIs are not as completely safe for older people as previously thought. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - April 24, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Malaria study reveals gene variants linked to risk of disease
(University of Edinburgh) Many people of African heritage are protected against malaria by inheriting a particular version of a gene, a large-scale study has shown. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - April 24, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Researchers use smart phone to make a faster infection detector
(Washington State University) Washington State University researchers have developed a low-cost, portable laboratory on a phone that works nearly as well as clinical laboratories to detect common viral and bacterial infections.The work could lead to faster and lower-cost lab results for fast-moving viral and bacterial epidemics, especially in rural or lower-resource regions where laboratory equipment and medical personnel are sometimes not readily available. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - April 24, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Hackers Hit Healthcare; Criminalizing Infectious Disease; Hiding a Surgical Mistake
(MedPage Today) -- The past week in healthcare related investigations (Source: MedPage Today Psychiatry)
Source: MedPage Today Psychiatry - April 23, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: news

FDA Clears First Test for Emerging Pathogen Candida auris FDA Clears First Test for Emerging Pathogen Candida auris
The Bruker Maldi Biotyper CA system can reliably identify C auris 100% of the time.FDA Approvals (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - April 23, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Infectious Diseases News Alert Source Type: news

Infectious complications after deployment trauma: following wounded United States military personnel into Veterans Affairs care - McDonald JR, Liang SY, Li P, Maalouf S, Murray CK, Weintrob AC, Schnaubelt ER, Kuhn J, Ganesan A, Bradley W, Tribble DR.
BACKGROUND: Infectious complications related to deployment trauma significantly contribute to the morbidity and mortality impacting wounded service members. The Trauma Infectious Disease Outcomes Study (TIDOS) collects data on U.S. military personnel injur... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Zambia:'Our Push to Eliminate Malaria'
[Times of Zambia] For much of the world, malaria is a disease people worry about when they travel abroad. But for citizens from many Commonwealth nations it is no holiday disease. Malaria is a very real scourge that targets the most cherished members of our society -- pregnant women and children below the age of five. Our labour force is plagued by days away from work due to illness, or time spent as a carer for a sick member of the family. Malaria is the biggest cause of attendance at health facilities, and every Zambian f (Source: AllAfrica News: Malaria)
Source: AllAfrica News: Malaria - April 23, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Zimbabwe:Jibilika Begins 'Step Up to HIV' Campaign
[The Herald] Jibilika Dance Trust, an organisation which promotes the development of urban arts culture among youths in Zimbabwe, has begun its health awareness campaign called "Step Up 2 HIV" for 2018.The campaign promotes dissemination of information on HIV-related issues in form of art conveyed through music and dance and is expected to run until December. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs - April 23, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Nigeria:Nigeria Renews Fight Against Malaria With $300m Commitment
[Vanguard] AS the world marks this year's World Malaria Day, Nigeria has renewed its efforts by committing to raise malaria up the national priority list, including securing $300 million in new financing from the World Bank, Islamic Development Bank and African Development Bank to help finance its national malaria strategy. (Source: AllAfrica News: Malaria)
Source: AllAfrica News: Malaria - April 23, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Uganda:Uganda Adopts Faster Cure for TB
[East African] Patients with multi-drug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB), a more complicated form of the disease, can now heave a sigh of relief after the Ministry of Health formally adopted a new regimen which will reduce treatment time from the current two years to 11 months or less. (Source: AllAfrica News: Tuberculosis)
Source: AllAfrica News: Tuberculosis - April 23, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Virulence switch in 'Iraqibacter': Potential Achilles heel?
(Emory Health Sciences) Microbiologists have identified a component of a genetic switch, which they call a potential 'Achilles' heel,' for a type of bacteria often associated with wounded warriors. The switch makes it possible for Acinetobacter baumannii to change between a virulent, hardy form and an avirulent form that is better at surviving at lower temperatures outside a host. Defining the switch could map out targets for new antibiotics. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - April 23, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Fight against Zika, dengue get boost from reliable spread of bacteria
(Vanderbilt University) How a bacteria hijacked insect fertility remained a mystery for five decades, until Associate Professor of Biological Sciences Seth Bordenstein and his team helped solve it. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - April 23, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Harvard's Wyss Institute launches NuProbe to facilitate global precision medicine
(Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard) NuProbe Global will commercialize the Wyss Institute's DNA nanotechnology-based variant-detecting method as a fast, low-cost and multiplexed molecular diagnostic for different disease areas, including cancer and infectious diseases. The announcement follows a worldwide licensing agreement between Harvard's Office of Technology Development (OTD) and globally-operating NuProbe that will leverage the technology to develop clinical assays capable of simultaneously detecting multiple rare disease-related DNA variants in bodily fluids. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - April 23, 2018 Category: Biology Source Type: news

What Causes Hyponatremia?
Discussion Normal kidneys regulate water balance to maintain a plasma osmolality of 275-290 mOsm/kg normally. Thirst and arginine vasopressin or antidiuretic hormone (ADH) are the primary regulators of plasma osmolality. ADH is made in the hypothalamus and released by the posterior pituitary gland. ADH acts on the kidney’s distal collecting duct to increase water reabsorption. ADH is appropriately released in hypovolemic states, such as dehydration caused by gastroenteritis. ADH has an ~10 minute half-life and therefore can respond to rapid changes in volume status. Sodium balance is regulated by aldosterone (as part...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - April 23, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: pediatriceducationmin Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

Transmitting HIV Is a Crime in Most States. Is HCV Next?
(MedPage Today) -- Infectious disease docs worry about the implications for patients -- and themselves (Source: MedPage Today Public Health)
Source: MedPage Today Public Health - April 22, 2018 Category: American Health Source Type: news

Nigeria:Nigeria Pledges to Secure N108 Billion to Eliminate Malaria
[Premium Times] The federal government has committed to secure $300 million (about N108 billion) from the World Bank, Islamic Development Bank and African Development Bank to eliminate malaria in the country. (Source: AllAfrica News: Malaria)
Source: AllAfrica News: Malaria - April 22, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Addition precautions at hospital don't help prevent spread of resistant bacteria
(European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases) Contact precautions, used in addition to the standard precautions, the basic level of infection control applied to all patients, did not limit or prevent the spread of drug-resistant bacteria in non-intensive care unit (ICU) hospital wards, according to research presented at the 28th European Congress of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (ECCMID). (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - April 22, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Researchers describe role of novel mutations in fosfomycin resistance
(European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases) Researchers identified novel chromosomal mutations and described their role in the development of resistance of Escherichia coli (E. coli) to broad-spectrum antibiotic fosfomycin, according to research presented at the 28th European Congress of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (ECCMID). (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - April 22, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Uganda:Govt for Testing Ugandans With HIV Positive Relatives
[Observer] The government has revived its HIV testing guidelines of 2016 and started encouraging all family members with HIV positive patients to be screened. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs - April 21, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Gene linked to fatal outcomes in P. aeruginosa BSI may be used as marker, target
(European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases) Researchers discovered an easily measured gene linked to a high fatality rate, which could be used as a novel prognostic biomarker in patients with a Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) bloodstream infection, according to research presented at the 28th European Congress of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (ECCMID). (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - April 21, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

6-day antibiotic cellulitis therapy results in faster, greater relapse than 12-day course
(European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases) Cellulitis treated with a six-day course of intravenous antibiotic flucloxacillin resulted in greater rates of relapse at 90 days post treatment despite having similar short-term results to that of the 12-day course, according to research presented at the 28th European Congress of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (ECCMID). (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - April 21, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Seven-day antibiotic course delivers similar outcomes to 14-days for Gram-negative bacteraemia
(European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases) A seven-day course of antibiotic treatment for Gram-negative bacteraemia (GNB), a serious infection that occurs when bacteria get into the bloodstream, was shown to offer similar patient outcomes as a 14-day course, according to research presented at the 28th European Congress of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (ECCMID). (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - April 21, 2018 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Avoid piperacillin-tazobactam when treating BSI cause by ceftriaxone-resistant pathogens
(European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases) The antibiotic combination treatment piperacillin-tazobactam was significantly less effective than meropenem when treating potentially fatal bloodstream infections (BSI) caused by ceftriaxone-resistant Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae and should be avoided when treating these organisms, according to research presented at the 28th European Congress of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (ECCMID). (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - April 21, 2018 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Streptobacillus moniliformis Native Valve Endocarditis
We report a case of S. moniliformis native mitral valve endocarditis in a 33-year-old female who most likely acquired her infection from her pet rat. (Source: Clinical Microbiology Newsletter)
Source: Clinical Microbiology Newsletter - April 21, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Celeste Nelson, Russell A. Rawling, Paul A. Granato Tags: Case Report Source Type: news

The Canary in the Coal Mine: Clinical and Public Health Laboratories Respond to Biosafety Risks
This article presents an overview of responses to recent events and provides resources for laboratories that can be utilized to prepare and improve their biosafety programs. (Source: Clinical Microbiology Newsletter)
Source: Clinical Microbiology Newsletter - April 21, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Michael A. Pentella Source Type: news

Successful Treatment in UK Very Resistant Gonorrhea Case Successful Treatment in UK Very Resistant Gonorrhea Case
Ertapenem antibiotic treatment has been successful for a man from the UK who acquired a strain of'very resistant gonorrhea'while on vacation in Southeast Asia.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - April 20, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Infectious Diseases News Source Type: news

Infectious diseases in pregnancy screening: programme standards
These revised national standards for the NHS infectious diseases in pregnancy standards programme were updated in April 2018. The IDPS supports health professionals and commissioners in providing a high quality screening programme. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - April 20, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Medical Groups
Medical groups surveyed for this list have offices in Sacramento, El Dorado, Placer or Yolo counties. Not all groups surveyed responded to inquiries. Among them were Central Anesthesia Service Exchange Medical Group, which ranked No. 10 in 2015, the last time our medical group list was published; Pulmonary Medicine, Infectious Disease and Critical Care Consultants Medical Group, which ranked No. 11; and Capital Neurological Surgeons, which ranked No. 18. (Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Pharmaceuticals headlines)
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Pharmaceuticals headlines - April 20, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news