Why acupuncture is giving sceptics the needle

Acupuncture has been prescribed by half of Britain's doctors, but after 3,000 clinical trials its efficacy remains unproven. So is the NHS making a grave error in supporting this ancient treatment?• Are vitamin pills a sham? Q&A with Dr. Paul OffitYou can't get crystal healing on the NHS. The Department of Health doesn't fund faith healing. And most doctors believe magnets are best stuck on fridges, not patients. But ask for a treatment in which an expert examines your tongue, smells your skin and tries to unblock the flow of life force running through your body with needles and the NHS will be happy to oblige.The government declines to say how much the health service spends on acupuncture each year, but it's estimated to be around £25m. The NHS rationing body, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (Nice), says that doctors can prescribe acupuncture for lower back pain and chronic tension headaches. The NHS Choices website says there is "reasonably good evidence" that acupuncture is effective at treating a range of conditions, including back pain, dental pain, headache, nausea after operations and osteoarthritis of the knee. And there are plenty of anecdotes from patients who swear it works.Of all the branches of complementary and alternative medicine, acupuncture has without doubt the most credibility among doctors and health officials. Not everyone is convinced, however.In the past few years, scientific rationalists – who spen...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Culture Health Science and scepticism Features NHS Alternative medicine The Observer Source Type: news

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Conclusion: No significant difference was observed by comparing patients and controls. In this study, no association was found between the presence of the evaluated polymorphisms and the occurrence of thrombotic events.RESUMO Introdu ção: A trombose arterial é considerada uma doença multifatorial, resultante da interação de fatores de risco genéticos e adquiridos. Objetivos: O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar a presença dos polimorfismos nos genes do inibidor da ativação do plasminogênio tipo 1 (PAI-1) e da apoli poproteína E (ApoE), bem...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Patologia e Medicina Laboratorial - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
Conclusion: The TNFA -308 AG genotype is associated with a decreased risk of aneurysm or hemorrhagic stroke in a population from the capital of Brazil, Distrito Federal.RESUMO Introdu ção: Muitas doenças cerebrovasculares relacionam-se com processos inflamatórios, portanto, a influência de vários polimorfismos em doenças tem sido estudada para melhorar o conhecimento sobre os mecanismos fisiológicos do sistema nervoso. Objetivo: Identificar a associação entre um polimo rfismo na posição -308 do gene TNFA e o desenvolvimento de acidente vascu...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Patologia e Medicina Laboratorial - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
Source: NPR Health and Science - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Source Type: news
ConclusionsMEG played an additional and valuable role in the localisation of operculo-insular epilepsy for patients with a negative MRI finding.
Source: Seizure - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 August 2018Source: Epilepsy &BehaviorAuthor(s): María Guadalupe Valle-Dorado, César Emmanuel Santana-Gómez, Sandra Adela Orozco-Suárez, Luisa RochaAbstractSeveral studies indicate that sodium cromoglycate (CG) induces neuroprotective effects in acute neurological conditions. The present study focused on investigating if the use of CG in rats during the post-status epilepticus (post-SE) period reduces the acute and long-term consequences of seizure activity. Our results revealed that animals that received a single dose of CG (50 mg/kg s.c.: subcutaneous...
Source: Epilepsy and Behavior - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
We examined correlates of depressive symptoms and suicidal ideation in adults using pooled data from epilepsy self-management studies conducted by sites in the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Research Center's Managing Epilepsy Well (MEW) Network that assessed depression severity with the 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9). Of the 770 subjects in the analysis (mean age 42.4 ± 13.0 years), the mean total PHQ-9 score was 9.4 ± 6.6 and 334 subjects (43.4%) had moderate to severe depressive symptoms (PHQ-9 ≥ 10). Only ongoing seizures and low education were associated wi...
Source: Epilepsy and Behavior - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 August 2018Source: Epilepsy &BehaviorAuthor(s): Chao Zhang, Hongyu Yang, Chang Liu, Guojun Zhang, Nan Chen, Kuncheng LiAbstractThe aims of this study were to investigate the brain network connectivity alterations of intractable unilateral mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) with cognitive dysfunction before and after anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) study and to further observe the correlation between the brain network connectivity with cognitive performance. Fourteen patients with unilateral left MTLE before and...
Source: Epilepsy and Behavior - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 August 2018Source: Epilepsy &BehaviorAuthor(s): Xiaoxuan Fu, Youhua Wang, Manling Ge, Danhong Wang, Rongguang Gao, Long Wang, Jundan Guo, Hesheng LiuAbstractInterictal spike is a biomarker of epilepsy that can occur frequently between seizures. Its potential effects on brain oscillations, especially on theta rhythm (4–8 Hz) that is related to a variety of cognitive processes, remain controversial. Using local field potentials recorded from patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE), we investigated here the impact of spikes on theta rhythm immediately after spikes and durin...
Source: Epilepsy and Behavior - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 August 2018Source: Alzheimer's &DementiaAuthor(s): Anna Marseglia, Laura Fratiglioni, Grégoria Kalpouzos, Rui Wang, Lars Bäckman, Weili XuAbstractIntroductionThe impact of prediabetes and diabetes on cognitive decline and the potential underlying mechanisms remain unclear. We investigated whether prediabetes and diabetes accelerate cognitive decline and brain aging, and the initial pathological changes linked to microvascular processes.MethodsNine-year longitudinal data from the Swedish National Study on Aging and Care-Kungsholmen (n = 2746, age ≥60 years) ...
Source: Alzheimer's and Dementia: The Journal of the Alzheimer's Association - Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 August 2018Source: Alzheimer's &DementiaAuthor(s): Gaël Nicolas, Rocio Acuna-Hidalgo, Michael J. Keogh, Olivier Quenez, Marloes Steehouwer, Stefan Lelieveld, Stéphane Rousseau, Anne-Claire Richard, Manon S. Oud, Florent Marguet, Annie Laquerrière, Chris M. Morris, Johannes Attems, Colin Smith, Olaf Ansorge, Safa Al Sarraj, Thierry Frebourg, Dominique Campion, Didier Hannequin, David WallonAbstractIntroductionA minority of patients with sporadic early-onset Alzheimer's disease (AD) exhibit de novo germ line mutations in the autosomal dominant genes such as APP, PS...
Source: Alzheimer's and Dementia: The Journal of the Alzheimer's Association - Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research
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