Association between Antibiotic Consumption and Incidence of Clostridioides difficile Infection in a Hospital. Journal of Korean medical science 35(47): e407
Previous exposure to antimicrobials is a major risk factor for Clostridioides difficile infection (CDI). Antibiotic prescription and C. difficile toxin assay records of patients admitted to a tertiary hospital in Korea from 2009 to 2013 were collected to investigate the association between antibiotic consumption and CDI incidence. A Spearman's correlation analysis between CDI incidence (positive result of toxin assay/10,000 admissions) and antibiotic consumption (defined daily dose/1,000 patient-days) was performed on a monthly basis. Using the matched month approach, we found a significant correlation between CDI rate and...
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - January 15, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Broadening participation in clinical trials: A win for all
The objective is to engage in rea l-world, evidence-based research and bring trials to the local community, where a significant proportion of cancer care is rendered,” he adds.   To help, Cardinal Health ’s real-world evidence and insights teams analyze the real-world data collected from the sites, which can be compared to results from clinical trials to demonstrate the real-world value of therapies.   By bringing these studies to the community, many of the usual challenges are overcome, adds Gajra. These include trial site location (typically academic institutions) and the distances that ...
Source: EyeForPharma - January 6, 2021 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Joseph Constance Source Type: news

Discovery of aging mechanism for hematopoietic stem cells
(The Institute of Medical Science, The University of Tokyo) By transferring mouse aged hematopoietic stem cells (aged HSCs) to the environment of young mice (bone marrow niche), it was demonstrated that the pattern of stem cell gene expression was rejuvenated to that of young hematopoietic stem cells. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - December 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Women ’ s Bodies, COVID-19 and Male Chauvinism
By Jan LundiusSTOCKHOLM / ROME, Dec 11 2020 (IPS) COVID-19 has in some nations been converted into a noxious, political issue. One of many worrying examples is the rhetoric of Brazil´s president. On 10 November, when Brazil´s COVID-19 death toll surpassed 162,000 victims – the numbers have continued to raise and are now 179,032 second only to USA´s 296,745 – Jair Bolsonaro minimized the effects of COVID-19 by stating: ”All of us are going to die one day. There is no point in escaping from that, in escaping from reality. We have to cease being a country of sissies.” Bolsonaro actual...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - December 11, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Jan Lundius Tags: Education Gender Gender Identity Global Headlines Health Human Rights Humanitarian Emergencies Labour LGBTQ TerraViva United Nations Source Type: news

Development of a new method for decoding viral genes
(The Institute of Medical Science, The University of Tokyo) A research team led by Professor Yasushi Kawaguchi of the Institute of Medical Science, the University of Tokyo, developed a new decoding method for viral genes that can easily and quickly obtain even non-canonical genetic information. Using this new decoding method, they identified nine novel proteins encoded by herpes simplex virus type 1(HSV-1) and found that one of them, piUL49, is a pathogenic factor that specifically controls the onset of herpes encephalitis . (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - December 7, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

The New Coronavirus Vaccine Is Changing The Future Of Medicine
The success of mRNA vaccines could usher in a new era of medical science — not just for vaccines, but for cancer treatments, gene therapy, and more. (Source: Forbes.com Healthcare News)
Source: Forbes.com Healthcare News - December 2, 2020 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Caroline Seydel, Contributor Tags: Healthcare /healthcare Innovation /innovation Editors' Pick editors-pick Coronavirus Source Type: news

Stanford faculty blasts Hoover senior fellow and presidential adviser Scott Atlas
Dr. Scott Atlas is known to the nation as a controversial Covid-19 advisor to President Donald Trump. But he's also part of the Stanford University community, and faculty there are not happy with him. On Thursday, the Stanford Faculty Senate took up a resolution condemning Atlas and voted overwhelmingly in favor of it — 85% of the faculty joined in to blast his actions to "promote a view of Covid-19 that contradicts medical science." But the Senate did not ask leadership at the Palo Alto uni versity… (Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Biotechnology headlines)
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Biotechnology headlines - November 20, 2020 Category: Biotechnology Authors: J. Jennings Moss Source Type: news

Jet-printing microfluidic devices on demand
– a new paper from engineering and biomedical scientists at the University of Oxford and spin-out company iotaSciences Ltd– describes a... (Source: The Scientist)
Source: The Scientist - November 12, 2020 Category: Science Tags: The Scientist The Marketplace Source Type: news

Sixty-year old cohort study reveals adolescent value predicts wellbeing in older age
(Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Medical Science) Subjective wellbeing leads to better health, but we did not know what in our younger years determines our wellbeing in old age. Researchers at the Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Medical Science have demonstrated that adolescents who valued their interests and curiosity had higher wellbeing in old age from a 60-year-old cohort in the UK. We additionally found that adolescents with low self-control who valued money and steady jobs had significantly lower wellbeing in old age. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - November 11, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

FDA Issues Recommendations for Certain High-Risk Groups Regarding Mercury-Containing Dental Amalgam
 For Immediate Release:September 24, 2020Statement From:Director - CDRH Offices: Office of the Center DirectorDr. Jeffrey E. Shuren MD, JDPart of our role in protecting patients is to regularly evaluate, monitor and update scientific evidence on the risks from medical devices —including issues related to the materials used in devices, such as metals. In the case of implanted and inserted medical devices, where materials may be in contact with the body for extended periods of time, we evaluate safety issues involved with, among other things, the body’s long-term expos ure to certain materials, taking into a...
Source: Dental Technology Blog - November 11, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: news

The Covid Pandemic: Broadening the Discourse
Thailand’s COVID-19 response an example of resilience and solidarity: a UN Resident Coordinator’s BlogBy Asoka BandarageCOLOMBO, Sri Lanka, Nov 10 2020 (IPS) SARS-CoV-2, the corona virus that causes COVID-19, has been spreading exponentially across the world over the last ten or so months. As of November 6th, according to the Center for Systems Science at Johns Hopkins University, there have been 49,195,581 cases of COVID-19, including 1,241,031 deaths. More than a third of the global population has been placed on lockdown. The global economy is experiencing the deepest global recession since World War 2 and m...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - November 10, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Asoka Bandarage Tags: Featured Global Headlines Health Human Rights Humanitarian Emergencies Peace TerraViva United Nations Source Type: news

The sole function of the clitoris is female orgasm. Is that why it ’s ignored by medical science?
Medical textbooks are full of anatomical pictures of the penis, but the clitoris barely rates a mention. Many medical professionals are uncomfortable even talking about itProfessor Caroline de Costa is awaiting feedback. Several months ago the editor of the Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology requested an editorial from a world-renowned Melbourne urologist to address what she saw as a lack of research and, more concerningly, a persistent lack of knowledge about an essential part of the female reproductive system.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - October 31, 2020 Category: Science Authors: Calla Wahlquist Tags: Women Australia news Health Science Sex Sexuality Medical research Melbourne Adelaide Source Type: news

City, University of London academics develop algorithm to analyse HeLa cancer cells
(City University London) Dr Constantino Carlos Reyes-Aldasoro and Dr Cefa Karabag collaborate with the Francis Crick Institute on a novel approach published in thePLoS ONE journal, which significantly reduces the amount of time taken to analyse the cell line named after Henrietta Lacks, an African-American woman whose contribution to medical science was only formally acknowledged decades after her death. (Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer)
Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer - October 26, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news

Chief Professions Officers ’ medicines mechanisms programme
NHS England and NHS Improvement would like to hear your thoughts on proposals for greater flexibility to be given to how dental hygienists, dental therapists, biomedical scientists, clinical scientists, operating department practitioners, podiatrist independent prescribers, physiotherapist independent prescribers, and paramedics are able to access medicines for their patients. (Source: NHS Networks)
Source: NHS Networks - October 21, 2020 Category: UK Health Source Type: news

A new strategy for siRNA stabilization by an artificial cationic oligosaccharide
(Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Medical Science) Instability of small interfering RNA (siRNA) is one of the obstacles in the development of siRNA-based drugs. Researchers at Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Medical Science and Tokyo University of Science have developed a new strategy for improvement of siRNA stability by using an artificial cationic oligosaccharide combined with phosphorothioate linkages. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - October 16, 2020 Category: Biology Source Type: news

UCLA draws record $1.4 billion in research funding
UCLA attracted record support for its wide-ranging research in the 2019 –20 fiscal year, receiving $1.427 billion in research funding.2020 is the third consecutive year that the university has topped its previous best. Research support has grown by 38% since 2015. UCLA now ranks sixth among all universities in total research expenditures.“This is a tribute to the great work being done across disciplines at UCLA,” said Roger Wakimoto, vice chancellor for research. “These funds help bring about major breakthroughs in medical science, advance knowledge in numerous other disciplines, strengthen our teac...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - October 12, 2020 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Identification of a viral factor that impairs immune responses in COVID-19 patients
(The Institute of Medical Science, The University of Tokyo) A research team at The Institute of Medical Science, The University of Tokyo (IMSUT) aimed to characterize the viral factor(s) determining immune activation upon SARS-CoV-2 infection and found that ORF3b, a gene encoded by SARS-CoV-2, is a potent IFN antagonist. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - October 9, 2020 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Effects of acute and chronic graft-versus-myelodysplastic syndrome on long-term outcomes following a
(The Institute of Medical Science, The University of Tokyo) A research group led by Assistant Professor Takaaki Konuma in the Department of Hematology/Oncology, the Hospital of the Institute of Medical Science, the University of Tokyo (IMSUT Hospital) has demonstrated a graft-versus-tumor (GVT) effect of a previously unknown/novel allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation in MDS patients. In addition, they succeeded in identifying a category of patients for whom the GVT effect was identified. (Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer)
Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer - October 6, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news

President Trump ’s COVID-19 Recklessness Will Bring More Illness, Death and Suffering
Here’s where we are: Donald J. Trump, the President of the United States and the most powerful person on the planet, is sick with COVID-19. We do not know with any confidence how ill he truly is; both his physician and White House officials have been unclear and evasive. Journalists’ fascination with Trump’s health may seem morbid, but the presidency confers enormous power—and the example he sets shapes people’s response to the pandemic. The official line is that Trump is improving and is set to be released Monday evening. But he’s receiving a battery of medicinal firepower, some of it e...
Source: TIME: Health - October 5, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Alex Fitzpatrick Tags: Uncategorized COVID-19 Source Type: news

Drug found to correct gene defect that causes immune-driven gut leakiness
(University of California - Riverside) A team of researchers led by biomedical scientist Declan McCole at the University of California, Riverside, has found that the drug tofacitinib, also called Xeljanz and approved by the FDA to treat rheumatoid arthritis and ulcerative colitis, can repair permeability defects in the intestine. " Our work could help improve identification of patients who will be better responders to this drug, " says McCole, a professor of biomedical sciences in the School of Medicine. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - September 29, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Deiner Named to the Garth Professorship
Stacie G. Deiner, MD, professor and vice chair for research in the Department of Anesthesiology at the Geisel School of Medicine and Dartmouth-Hitchcock, has been appointed the William LeRoy Garth Professor in Medical Science at Geisel. (Source: News at Dartmouth Medical School)
Source: News at Dartmouth Medical School - September 21, 2020 Category: Hospital Management Authors: NonPerson Geisel Web Service Acct Tags: News Press Release Anesthesiology Garth Professorship Home-feature Source Type: news

$250,000 awarded to immigrant leaders in STEM
(Vilcek Foundation) The Vilcek Foundation has announced the recipients of the 2021 Vilcek Foundation Prizes in Biomedical Science. Awarded annually, the prizes honor the contributions of immigrants to scientific research, discovery, and innovation in the United States. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - September 8, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Brain protein linked to seizures, abnormal social behaviors
(University of California - Riverside) A team led by a biomedical scientist at the University of California, Riverside has found a new mechanism responsible for the abnormal development of neuronal connections in the mouse brain that leads to seizures and abnormal social behaviors. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - August 31, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Poisoning--the road less travelled - Chacko B, Krishna B, Kulkarni AP.
This issue brings to you, dear readers, the antidotes to actual poisons, backed by medical science and evidence for treatments. Way back in 1892, Lord William Bentinck penned an interesting report in the British Medical Journal on "Poisoning in India".1 It... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Biomedical scientists piece together how medication paralyzes parasitic worms
(Iowa State University) A new study upends the widely held belief that a medication used to treat lymphatic filariasis doesn't directly target the parasites that cause the disease. The research shows the medication, diethylcarbamazine, temporarily paralyzes the parasites. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - August 18, 2020 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Applying machine learning to biomedical science
(University of Sydney) Dr Pengyi Yang and colleagues from the University of Sydney have brought together the latest developments in applications of machine learning in biomedical science, showing that new techniques are combining ensemble methods with deep learning, with potential applications in cancer research and better understanding viruses. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - August 17, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

A new treatment concept for age-related decline in motor function
(The Institute of Medical Science, The University of Tokyo) A research group led by Professor Yuji Yamanashi of the Institute of Medical Science, the University of Tokyo, conducted experiments using aged mice to demonstrate that muscle denervation at the neuromuscular junction (NMJ, *1) could be appreciably offset by an NMJ formation-enhancing treatment that strengthened the motor function and muscle of aged mice.The results of this study suggest that NMJ formation-enhancing treatment may be effective to overcome motor impairment and muscle weakness associated with human aging. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - August 17, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Identification of new " oxidative stress sensor " MTK1
(The Institute of Medical Science, The University of Tokyo) A research group at the Institute of Medical Science, The University of Tokyo in Japan has uncovered a new mechanism that elicits a cellular response by detecting oxidative stress in the human body. MTK1 SAPKKK functions is identified as a new human oxidative stress sensor that senses excess active oxygen in the body and transmits that information to cells, leading to cell death and inflammatory cytokine production. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - July 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Multiomics investigation revealing the characteristics of HIV-1-infected cells in vivo
In this study, a hematopoietic stem cell-transplanted humanized mouse model infected with a gene-modified HIV-1 was used to reveal multiple characteristics of HIV-1-producing cells in vivo. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - July 28, 2020 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Neurons are genetically programmed to have long lives
(University of California - Riverside) Most neurons are created during embryonic development and have no " backup " after birth. Researchers have generally believed that their survival is determined nearly extrinsically, or by outside forces, such as the tissues and cells that neurons supply with nerve cells. A research team led by Sika Zheng, a biomedical scientist at the University of California, Riverside, has challenged this notion and reports the continuous survival of neurons is also intrinsically programmed during development. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - July 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Identification of distinct loci for de novo DNA methylation by DNMT3A and DNMT3B during mammalian development
(The Institute of Medical Science, The University of Tokyo) A research team working at The University of Tokyo and Kyoto University in Japan has announced that they have successfully identified specific target sites for the DNA methylases DNMT3A and DNMT3B . The researchers also found that DNMT3A specifically regulates differentiation-related genes and DNMT3B specifically regulates X-chromosomal genes during mammalian ontogeny.These results were published in Nature Communications (online version). (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - July 21, 2020 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Two Cohrane Croatia members receive awards from the city of Split for 2019
Irena Zakarija Grkovi ć, co-director of Cochrane Croatia, and Matko Marušić, head of quality assurance at Cochrane Croatia, both received awards from the city of Split.  The Split City Council, on May 4, 2020, decided that the traditional awards of the city of Split should be given to two members of theCochrane  Croatia. The personal award was given to Irena Zakarija Grkovi ć, co-director of Cochrane Croatia, for selfless commitment and work on the popularization of breastfeeding. A second award was given to Matko Marušić, head of quality assurance at Cochrane Croatia, for the boo...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - July 8, 2020 Category: Information Technology Authors: Muriah Umoquit Source Type: news

Two Cochrane Croatia members receive awards from the city of Split for 2019
Irena Zakarija Grkovi ć, co-director of Cochrane Croatia, and Matko Marušić, head of quality assurance at Cochrane Croatia, both received awards from the city of Split.  The Split City Council, on May 4, 2020, decided that the traditional awards of the city of Split should be given to two members of theCochrane  Croatia. The personal award was given to Irena Zakarija Grkovi ć, co-director of Cochrane Croatia, for selfless commitment and work on the popularization of breastfeeding. A second award was given to Matko Marušić, head of quality assurance at Cochrane Croatia, for the boo...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - July 8, 2020 Category: Information Technology Authors: Muriah Umoquit Source Type: news

CityU's CRISPR-assisted novel method detects RNA-binding proteins in living cells
(City University of Hong Kong) A research led by biomedical scientists from City University of Hong Kong (CityU) has developed a novel detection method, called CARPID, to identify binding proteins of specific RNAs in the living cells. It is expected the innovation can be applied in various cell researches, from identifying biomarkers of cancer diagnosis to detecting potential drug targets for treating viral diseases. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - July 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

R & D of mRNA vaccine production technology against COVID-19 and further new coronavirus
(Innovation Center of NanoMedicine) The Innovation Center of NanoMedicine (iCONM) and the Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Medical Science (TMIMS) started joint research with the aim of establishing a rapid vaccine development technology in preparation for the re-epidemic of covid-19 and the next coming pandemic of further new coronaviruses. An efficient procedure for the production of mRNA vaccine incorporated with immunostimulatory adjuvant functionality will be optimized using iCONM's smart nanomachine technologies and TMIMS's expertise for the discovery of recombinant vaccines. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - July 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Novel pathology could improve diagnosis and treatment of Huntington ’ s and other diseases
Bristol scientists have discovered a novel pathology that occurs in several human neurodegenerative diseases, including Huntington ’ s disease. (Source: University of Bristol news)
Source: University of Bristol news - June 30, 2020 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Health, International, Postgraduate, Publications, Research; Faculty of Biomedical Sciences, School of Physiology, Pharmacology and Neuroscience, Faculty of Health Sciences, Bristol Medical School, Faculty of Health Sciences, Faculty of Biomedical Science Source Type: news

Blood cell mutations linked to leukemias are inevitable as we age
(RIKEN) A new study by researchers at the RIKEN Center for Integrative Medical Science in Japan reports differences in blood cell mutations between Japanese and European populations. The study found that these pre-clinical mutations were strongly associated with different types of cancers and can explain why Europeans have higher rates of chronic lymphocytic leukemia, while Japanese have higher rates of T-cell leukemia. (Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer)
Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer - June 24, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news

The Lancet ’s editor: ‘The UK's response to coronavirus is the greatest science policy failure for a generation’                                                                           '
Richard Horton does not hold back in his criticism of the UK ’s response to the pandemic and the medical establishment’s part in backing fatal government decisionsCoronavirus – latest updatesSee all our coronavirus coverageThere is a school of thought that says now is not the time to criticise the government and its scientific advisers about the way they have handled theCovid-19 pandemic. Wait until all the facts are known and the crisis has subsided, goes this thinking, and then we can analyse the performance of those involved. It ’s safe to say thatRichard Horton, the editor of the influential med...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - June 14, 2020 Category: Science Authors: Andrew Anthony Tags: Health policy Science Coronavirus outbreak Microbiology Infectious diseases Medical research Chris Whitty Patrick Vallance Medicine UK news Society Politics Economics Public services policy Pharmaceuticals industry Source Type: news

How is electricity being used in wound care?
Some wounds just don't seem to heal. Now, pioneering medical research has come up with some promising new treatments that employ electricity to speed recovery, killing bacteria more effectively than traditional bandages or antibiotics. Here's a brief summary of these dramatic new developments in healthcare.  Medical research is providing revolutionary new wound care treatments that use electricity to speed healing. The problem: slow-healing or no-healing wounds Physicians and emergency room specialists have long been stymied by chronic wounds that resist most efforts to treat them using conventional antibio...
Source: Advanced Tissue - June 10, 2020 Category: Dermatology Authors: AdvancedTissue Tags: Wound Care Wound healing Wound Infection Source Type: news

Beyond the COVID-19 Pandemic: What Now?
WHO delivered medical supplies to fight the COVID-19 pandemic in the Republic of Congo in April 2020. Credit: World Health Organization (WHO)By Lawrence SurendraBANGKOK, Thailand, Jun 4 2020 (IPS) In the midst of the COVID 19 pandemic, the much-anticipated 73rd World Health Assembly (WHA) of the WHO concluded without any major controversies or disagreements. The landmark WHA resolution to bring the world together to fight the COVID-19 pandemic, co-sponsored by more than 130 countries, and adopted by consensus, called for the intensification of efforts to control the pandemic, and for equitable access to and fair distribut...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - June 4, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Lawrence Surendra Tags: Aid Climate Change Development & Aid Environment Featured Global Headlines Health Poverty & SDGs TerraViva United Nations Source Type: news

How the coronavirus could be prevented from invading a host cell
(University of California - Riverside) How might the novel coronavirus be prevented from entering a host cell in an effort to thwart infection? A team of biomedical scientists has made a discovery that points to a solution. The scientists, led by Maurizio Pellecchia in the UC Riverside School of Medicine, report in the journal Molecules that two proteases -- enzymes that break down proteins -- located on the surface of host cells and responsible for processing viral entry could be inhibited. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - May 29, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Scientists at UC Riverside to study how lungs respond to worm infections
(University of California - Riverside) A biomedical scientist at the University of California, Riverside, has received a five-year, $3.3 million grant from the National Institutes of Health, or NIH, to investigate lung immune responses to parasitic worm infections. The research will explore how macrophages, a type of white blood cell, mediate tissue repair following infection-induced injury. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - May 21, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Safer roads to school - Agrawal A, Bhoi S, Galw.ar S, Pal R, Deora H, Ghosh A, Moscote-Salazar LR.
Any and all advances made by medical science cannot solve the problem of road traffic injuries (RTIs) in school-going children, especially if the only concerned people are those of the medical fraternity. Children are a vulnerable part of the traveling pop... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 16, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

VE Day Marks the End of the Second World War-But the World is Still at War
UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres calls on President Ashraf Ghani during a visit to Afghanistan’s capital Kabul to show solidarity with the Afghan people. Photo UNAMA / Fardin Waezi/June 2017By Siddharth ChatterjeeNAIROBI, Kenya, May 11 2020 (IPS) The world commemorated the 75th Anniversary to mark the end of the 2nd World War also called VE Day on 08 May 2020. With her nation, and much of the world still in lockdown due to COVID 19, England’s Queen marked 75 years since the allied victory in Europe with a poignant televised address. From Windsor Castle, Queen Elizabeth said, “the wartime generation ...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - May 11, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Siddharth Chatterjee Tags: Armed Conflicts Crime & Justice Global Headlines Health Human Rights Humanitarian Emergencies Migration & Refugees Peace TerraViva United Nations Source Type: news

The Baltimore Bioterrorism Expert Who Inspired South Korea ’s COVID-19 Response
On Oct. 2, 2001, a 62-year-old photojournalist named Bob Stevens became the first victim of a coordinated series of anthrax attacks to be admitted to hospital. Stevens inhaled the deadly pathogen after opening one of several letters laced with anthrax spores which were mailed to the offices of prominent senators and media outlets across the U.S. Over the next seven weeks, he and four others would die as a result of their exposure. For a shell-shocked nation still reeling from the single deadliest terrorist attack in human history on September 11, it was a disturbing realization that there was a new wave of challenges to Am...
Source: TIME: Health - May 6, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: David Cox Tags: Uncategorized COVID-19 Source Type: news

Understanding the diversity of cancer evolution based on computational simulation
(The Institute of Medical Science, The University of Tokyo) Understanding the principles of cancer evolution is important in designing a therapeutic strategy. A research group at The Institute of Medical Science, The University of Tokyo (IMSUT) announced a new simulation model that describes various modes of cancer evolution in a unified manner. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - April 30, 2020 Category: Biology Source Type: news

New evidence for optimizing malaria treatment in pregnant women
(The Institute of Medical Science, The University of Tokyo) The research, published in The Lancet Infectious Diseases is the fruit of joint project between investigators from around the world to conduct the largest individual patient data meta-analysis to date under The WorldWide Antimalarial Resistance Network (WWARN) umbrella. The study found that artemether-lumefantrine (AL) and other artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs) were significantly more effective than quinine, the current recommended treatment. Authors urgently call for further investigation into dose optimization for pregnant women to ensure the highe...
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - April 29, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Proteasome phase separation for destruction
(Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Medical Science) Researchers at the Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Medical Science (TMiMS) discovered proteasome-containing droplets, which are formed by acute hyperosmotic stress. The proteasome droplets also contain ubiquitin-tagged proteins and multiple interacting proteins, by which induce liquid-liquid phase separation of the proteasome for rapid degradation of unwanted proteins. The ubiquitin-dependent proteasome phase separation may be linked to clearance of aggregates that causes neurodegenerative diseases. These results were published in Nature. (Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer)
Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer - April 27, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news

Free program on conducting scientific research without using laboratory animals
(Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine) From June 22 to 25, students and early-career scientists will gather virtually for a free program of lectures, laboratory tours, interactive sessions, e-poster presentations, and virtual engagement with speakers and attendees on innovative methods to reduce and replace animal tests in toxicology and biomedical science. Originally planned to be hosted at Johns Hopkins University, the Summer School on Innovative Approaches in Science will now take place as a virtual meeting due to the COVID-19 pandemic. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - April 10, 2020 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Learning from Past Pandemics: Bridging the Science Gap
Source: Dart Center for Journalism and Trauma [Columbia University]. Published: 3/31/2020. This 46-minute webinar, part of Reporting and Covid-19: A Webinar Series for Journalists, discusses how journalists can best develop the right expert sources, and how they can effectively bridge complicated medical science and public understanding. (Video or Multimedia) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - March 31, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news