What Causes Constipation?

Discussion Constipation generally is defined as infrequent or painful defecation. Constipation can be very disturbing to the patient and family who believe the stools are too infrequent, too hard or too difficult to pass. Most children develop constipation after the child begins to associate pain (e.g. a hard bowel movement) with defecation. The child then begins to withhold the stools trying to decrease the defecation discomfort. As stool withholding continues, the rectum dilates and gradually accommodates with the normal defecation urge disappearing. Passing large hard stools infrequently reinforces the defecation pain. The cycle continues. If the cycling is severe enough, worsening stool retention and more abnormal defecation dynamics occurs. Chronic rectal distension results in both loss of rectal sensitivity, and loss of urge to defecate, which can lead to encopresis. Treatment basics include: Evacuate the colon – a clean out by enemas or oral medication Stop painful defecation – by using laxatives in a maintenance regimen so patients have a soft stool daily Establish regular bowel habits – through toilet sitting A balanced diet is important and increasing dietary fiber may also help. Medications include osmotic laxatives, stimulant laxatives, stool softeners and lubricants. MiraLaxTM is polyethylene glycol, is an osmotic laxative, and pool research studies show that it may be superior to placebo, milk of magnesia or lactulose. It is usually used as a...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

Related Links:

Publication date: March 2019Source: LWT, Volume 102Author(s): J.E. Aguilar-Toalá, M.C. Estrada-Montoya, A.M. Liceaga, H.S. Garcia, G.A. González-Aguilar, B. Vallejo-Cordoba, A.F. González-Córdova, A. Hernández-MendozaAbstractRecent studies have shown that the intracellular content of lactic acid bacteria may be a source of metabolites with antioxidant properties. In order to determine the potential participation of relevant intracellular components on its antioxidant properties, as well as their possible interactions, different enzymatic and chemical treatments were applied to either Lact...
Source: LWT Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that the use of a BCI after SA does not lead to increased consumption of medical care. PMID: 30551792 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: L Encephale - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 December 2018Source: Redox BiologyAuthor(s): Mateusz A. Stochelski, Tomasz Wilmanski, Mitchell Walters, John R. BurgessAbstractDiabetes mellitus is one of the most common chronic diseases in the United States and peripheral neuropathy (PN) affects at least 50% of diabetic patients. Medications available for patients ameliorate symptoms (pain), but do not protect against cellular damage and come with severe side effects, leading to discontinued use. Our research group uses differentiated SH-SY5Y cells treated with advanced glycation end products (AGE) as a model to mimic diabetic condit...
Source: Redox Biology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Authors: Harsch IA, Kaestner RH, Konturek PC Abstract Insulinotropic oral antidiabetics (OAD) such as sulfonylureas and (SU) glinides are among the frequently prescribed OAD. Side effects are the potential to induce hypoglycemias and weight gain. The aim was to assess the self-managing skills in case of a hypoglycemic event in an elderly type 2 diabetic patient population. In a 2-year period, 160 hospitalized patients (mean age 77.4 years) under insulinotrophic OAD were interviewed using a standardized questionnaire. Additionally, possible dementia was evaluated by using the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and...
Source: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: J Physiol Pharmacol Source Type: research
Authors: Karczewski J, Śledzińska E, Baturo A, Jończyk I, Maleszko A, Maleszko A, Samborski P, Begier-Krasińska B, Dobrowolska A Abstract The prevalence of obesity has recently increased dramatically and has contributed to the increasing prevalence of various pathological conditions, including type 2 diabetes mellitus, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, asthma, various types of cancer, cardiovascular and neurodegenerative diseases, and others. Accumulating evidence points to localized inflammation in adipose tissue, which, in turn, promotes systemic low-grade inflammation as a primary force contributing to the d...
Source: European Cytokine Network - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Eur Cytokine Netw Source Type: research
Authors: Bastard JP, Fellahi S, Audureau É, Layese R, Roudot-Thoraval F, Cagnot C, Mahuas-Bourcier V, Sutton A, Ziol M, Capeau J, Nahon P Abstract An obesity-related altered adipose tissue secretion is suggested as a risk factor for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) cirrhosis. However, no prospective study has yet examined the predictive value of circulating adipokines and immuno-inflammatory biomarkers regarding this risk. This was a case-control study nested in a prospective French national cohort of HCV-infected patients with biopsy-proven compensated cirrhosis. We se...
Source: European Cytokine Network - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Eur Cytokine Netw Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Bone pain is a common and sometimes severe symptom of bone metastases in advanced breast cancer and a common reason for initiating BTA treatment. Safety and efficacy were the main factors considered by physicians when selecting BTAs. Past Presentations: Data previously presented at the ISPOR 18th Annual European Congress, Milan, Italy; November 7-11, 2015 and at the Breast Cancer Symposium, San Francisco, CA, USA; September 25-27, 2015. PMID: 30550358 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Current Medical Research and Opinion - Category: Research Tags: Curr Med Res Opin Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The data of this post-marketing study meet the request by the French authorities for additional data on conditions of use in everyday practice. They confirmed the tolerance and long-term effect of capsaicin 8% patch in patients with peripheral neuropathic pain in real-world conditions. PMID: 30550354 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Current Medical Research and Opinion - Category: Research Tags: Curr Med Res Opin Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Uncapping the iGlar dose in LixiLan-O and LixiLan-L would not have led to significant improvements in mean A1C reduction in the iGlar arm, supporting the conclusion that iGlarLixi provides additional, clinically-relevant glycemic control versus iGlar alone. PMID: 30550345 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Current Medical Research and Opinion - Category: Research Tags: Curr Med Res Opin Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Compared with BIAsp30, BIAsp50 showed greater efficacy in patients with baseline BG excursion>7.8 mmol/L or 2hPBG>17.6 mmol/L as well as good safety for hypoglycaemia. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: ChiCTR-IIR-16008958. PMID: 30550344 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Current Medical Research and Opinion - Category: Research Tags: Curr Med Res Opin Source Type: research
More News: Abdominal Wall Repair | Back Pain | Balanced Diets | Botulism | Child Abuse | Child Development | Children | Chronic Pain | Constipation | Crohn's Disease | Cystic Fibrosis | Databases & Libraries | Depression | Diabetes | Diabetes Mellitus | Down's Syndrome | Drugs & Pharmacology | Eating Disorders & Weight Management | Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome | Endocrinology | Gastroenterology | Gastroschisis | Gastroschisis Repair | Genetics | Group A Streptococcus | Health | Health Management | Hospital Management | Hospitals | Hypothyroidism | Learning | Lupus | Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia | Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Syndrome | Neurofibromatosis | Neurology | Nutrition | Pain | Pain Management | Pediatrics | Phenobarbital | Polyethylene Glycol | Primary Care | Psychiatry | Respiratory Medicine | Scleroderma | Sexual Abuse | Skin | Study | Substance Abuse | Toxicology | Training | Universities & Medical Training | Vitamins