Association of Long-Term Exposure to Transportation Noise and Traffic-Related Air Pollution with the Incidence of Diabetes: A Prospective Cohort Study

We examined the influence of transportation noise exposure over a 5-y period (1994–1998) on incident diabetes cases in a population-based prospective cohort study (n=380,738) of metropolitan Vancouver (BC) residents who were 45–85 y old, with 4-y of follow-up (1999–2002). Annual average transportation noise (Lden), air pollution [black carbon, particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter 10% of the population was of South Asian ethnicity, and nearly one-half of the sample lived in neighborhoods where>10% of the population was of Chinese ethnicity. All covariates were significantly associated with all of the exposures and outcomes (p10% Chinese population in neighborhood 183,044 48.1% Note: dBA, A-weighted decibels; IQR, interquartile range; Lden, annual average noise exposure; NDVI, Normalized Difference Vegetation Index; NO, nitric oxide; NO2, nitrogen dioxide; PM2.5, particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research

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Authors: Mendenhall E, Musau A, Bosire E, Mutiso V, Ndetei D, Rock M Abstract Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a condition that both results from and produces social and psychological suffering. As 'diabetes' increases among low income patients in poorer nations, new challenges arise that drive, co-occur, and result from the condition. In this article, we describe how social suffering produces diabetes by way of addressing the varied social, psychological, and biological factors that drive diabetes and are reflected in diabetes experiences among patients seeking care at a public hospital in Nairobi, Kenya. We recruited ...
Source: Anthropology and Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Anthropol Med Source Type: research
Conclusions: The bibliometric analysis allowed to objectively record the productivity and visibility of the Regional System for Vaccines for Streptococcus pneumoniae in the Region. PMID: 32774349 [PubMed]
Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Panam Salud Publica Source Type: research
Authors: Marín-Sánchez A Abstract The basic clinical characteristics of the first 100 fatal cases from COVID-19 in Colombia were analyzed based on reports from the National Institute of Health (INS) since the beginning of the pandemic. Since the INS records do not include clinical variables of comorbidity in the total number of cases reported as positive, but only in patients with fatal outcome, comorbidities, age and sex available in the daily INS reports were reviewed. Their frequency was identified and mortality risk behavior for the analyzed variables was established and compared with the behavior...
Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Panam Salud Publica Source Type: research
Publication date: 1 December 2020Source: Carbohydrate Polymers, Volume 249Author(s): Shijie Dai, Shaozhong Liu, Chen Li, Zhifang Zhou, Zhimeng Wu
Source: Carbohydrate Polymers - Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research
Publication date: 1 December 2020Source: Carbohydrate Polymers, Volume 249Author(s): Shuxian Hu, Rei Kuwabara, Martin Beukema, Michela Ferrari, Bart J. de Haan, Marthe T.C. Walvoort, Paul de Vos, Alexandra M. Smink
Source: Carbohydrate Polymers - Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research
Publication date: September 2020Source: Biomedical Signal Processing and Control, Volume 62Author(s): Gayathri S., Varun P. Gopi, P. Palanisamy
Source: Biomedical Signal Processing and Control - Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Future initiatives to engage preconception women should span the social-ecological model of health and consider women's personal preferences for accessible and tailored preconception health information and support at individual, interpersonal, community and organisational levels, as well as in the broader environment. SO WHAT?: This research provides guidance to those in health promotion when planning future initiatives to promote and protect women's preconception health. PMID: 32780533 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Health Promotion Journal of Australia - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot J Austr Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Survey data indicates UV radiation is inconsistently understood by PSTs. Many felt they did not have the required knowledge or skill to teach sun safety effectively. SO WHAT?: Improving PSTs UV radiation knowledge while at university is a potential opportunity to improve sun safety delivery in primary schools. A targeted intervention for PSTs is warranted. PMID: 32770684 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Health Promotion Journal of Australia - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot J Austr Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The readiness to provide counseling emphasises the preparedness of the students to help their peers and appeared underpinned by their self development and personal experiences. A capacity building program to enable student peer educators to enhance their skills to motivate healthy lifestyle choices would be of benefit. SO WHAT?: The confidence in ongoing support factor recognises the essential role of stakeholders to visibly advocate for the reactivation of the peer educator program for high school students as a clear sign of support. PMID: 32767622 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Health Promotion Journal of Australia - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot J Austr Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Ensuring the contributions of volunteers are explicitly recognised, providing opportunities for engagement in social and cognitive activities, and informing volunteers of the benefits others experience constitute potential means of enhancing volunteer outcomes and may assist with volunteer retention. SO WHAT?: This study builds upon the limited research assessing which aspects of the volunteering experience are most strongly associated with favourable psychological health among older adults. The findings point to the potential importance of four specific aspects of the volunteer experience in enhancing psychol...
Source: Health Promotion Journal of Australia - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot J Austr Source Type: research
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