Superior Effects of High-Intensity Interval vs. Moderate-Intensity Continuous Training on Endothelial Function and Cardiorespiratory Fitness in Patients With Type 1 Diabetes: A Randomized Controlled Trial

This study aimed to compare the effect of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) with moderate-intensity continuous training (MCT) on endothelial function, oxidative stress and clinical fitness in patients with type 1 diabetes. Thirty-six type 1 diabetic patients (mean age 23.5 ± 6 years) were randomized into 3 groups: HIIT, MCT, and a non-exercising group (CON). Exercise was performed in a stationary cycle ergometers during 40 min, 3 times/week, for 8 weeks at 50–85% maximal heart rate (HRmax) in HIIT and 50% HRmax in MCT. Endothelial function was measured by flow-mediated dilation (FMD) [endothelium-dependent vasodilation (EDVD)], and smooth-muscle function by nitroglycerin-mediated dilation [endothelium-independent vasodilation (EIVD)]. Peak oxygen consumption (VO2peak) and oxidative stress markers were determined before and after training. Endothelial dysfunction was defined as an increase
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research

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This study investigated B. cereus levels in fried rice meals in Milan (Italy) and the effect of a post contamination. Spores of three B. cereus (ATCC 14579, clinical isolate GPe2 and an isolate from fried rice R1) were inoculated in fried rice with ham, scrambled egg and peas, then stored at 10 °C and 15 °C for 5 days; the L2 component of haemolysin BL was quantified in the product. In a second trial, inoculated fried rice was submitted to microwave heating (2 min at 600 W) to investigate a possible decrease in bacterial loads. At 15 °C, spores germinated very quickly, followed by a fast growth espe...
Source: LWT Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Authors: Kruthiventi SC, Kane GC, Sprung J, Weingarten TN, Warner ME Abstract Patients with pulmonary hypertension are at increased risk for postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs). Herein, we review PPCs in pulmonary hypertension patients undergoing non-cardiac procedures under general anesthesia. The medical records of pulmonary hypertension patients who underwent surgery with general anesthesia between 2010 and 2017 were reviewed for PPCs. In addition we reviewed nursing-documented respiratory depressive episodes in the post-anesthesia care unit to assess the associations between these episodes and later PP...
Source: Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences - Category: General Medicine Tags: Bosn J Basic Med Sci Source Type: research
Authors: Yasobant S, Mohanty S PMID: 31299854 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
Authors: Sarkar R, Paul R, Thakur I, Ghosh R, Singh S, Mani A, Sau TJ, Lahiri G Abstract Dengue virus induced encephalitis is a very rare entity and its full clinicoradiological profile is still unknown. We here report two cases of dengue encephalitis from Eastern India. The first one is a 20 year old female and the second one is a 13 year old boy. Both of them presented with altered consciousness and seizures. Blood and CSF study for dengue IgM were positive. MRI of brain showed T2 hyperintensity in the Thalami along with similar changes in other parts of the brain. Both patients responded to conservative therapy ...
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
Authors: Fatima J, Gupta N, Karoli R, Chandra A, Jagirdaar S, Arora R, Pandey N Abstract Introduction: Visceral abdominal Fat, not Subcutaneous Abdominal Fat better correlates with insulin resistance. Hence the present study was undertaken to study the association of sonographically assessed visceral and subcutaneous abdominal fat with insulin resistance in patients with pre-diabetes. Material and Methods: It was a hospital based cross sectional study done in prediabetes subjects. All the subjects were called fasting overnight and were given a structured questionnaire designed by investigator. Fasting and postp...
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
Authors: S A, Gurtoo A, M S, Ap MK Abstract Introduction: Health literacy is the degree to which an individual can obtain, process, understand and communicate about health related information to make informed health decisions. Our aim was to study the influence of Diabetic health literacy in affecting the glycemic control in Diabetic patients. Methodology: This is a Cross sectional Analytical study in 200 diabetic patients. Diabetic Knowledge Test developed by Michigan Diabetic Research and Training Center was modified after appropriate permission and was used to measure health literacy. HbA1C was used as a mea...
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
Conclusions: We concluded that that patients who develop hypoglycaemia may have an equally bad prognosis or even worse than those who develop hyperglycaemia during the period of critical illness. CGM devices record tissue glucose levels continuously, and may be useful as a 'tissue hypoglycaemia' alert. PMID: 31299838 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
Conclusion: There is a need to focus on improving adherence among type 2 diabetes patients and strengthening health care systems for regular supply of medicines and provide health education to the patients and their families emphasising the need of adherence to medications. PMID: 31299834 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
Authors: Khairnar H, Ingle M, Chauhan S, Pipalia N, Sawant P, Pandey V, Shukla A Abstract Introduction: Computed Tomography of abdomen frequently shows bowel wall thickening with different grades and characteristic of thickening. The correlation of bowel wall thickening (BWT) with endoscopic findings is not well described in Indian population. Therefore we did this study to determine the correlation of BWT with endoscopic findings. Methods: Its Prospective single center study with 85 Consecutive patients with age group more than 12 years with CT scan abdomen showing bowel wall thickening were included in the st...
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
Conclusions: Overall, Periventricular WMHs of grade 2 and over were seen in 19/34 patients, and in 7/24 controls (P value 0.044). Significantly higher grades of PVWMHs were seen in hypertensives as compared to nonhypertensives in the case group, and in women compared to men. In the control group, hypertension had no effect on severity of PVWMHs. Among both Diabetics and non-diabetics, no difference in PVWMHs was found between the case and control groups. DWMHs were, conversely, seen only in the control group. Overall, over a quarter of cognitively normal older persons had WM hyperintensities of grade 2 and over on MRI brai...
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
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