The P2X7 Receptor Is Shed Into Circulation: Correlation With C-Reactive Protein Levels
The P2X7 Receptor Is Shed Into Circulation: Correlation With C-Reactive Protein Levels Anna Lisa Giuliani1, Merhej Berchan1, Juana M. Sanz2, Angelina Passaro2, Stefano Pizzicotti3, Valentina Vultaggio-Poma1, Alba Clara Sarti1 and Francesco Di Virgilio1* 1Department of Morphology, Surgery and Experimental Medicine, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy 2Medical Science Department, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy 3Laboratory Division of the S. Anna Hospital, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy The P2X7 receptor (P2X7R) is a key pro-inflammatory plasma membrane receptor responsible for NLRP3 inflammasome activation and IL-1β release. Various inflammatory plasma membrane receptors (e.g., IL-1 type I receptor, TNF type I and II receptors, IL-2 receptor) are shed under different pathophysiological conditions. In the present study, we show that the full length P2X7R is released into circulation in patients as well as in healthy subjects. Blood levels of shed P2X7R (sP2X7R) correlate to those of the inflammatory marker C reactive protein (CRP). Blood sP2X7R ranged from 16.74 to 82.17 ng/L, mean ± SE 40.97 ± 3.82 (n = 26) in healthy subjects, from 33.1 to 484.0 ng/L, mean ± SE 114.78 ± 12.22 (n = 45) in patients with CRP 3 mg/L. sP2X7R in plasma was largely associated to microvesicles/microparticles. Peripheral blood monocytes from healthy subjects released sP2X7R upon stimulation with the semi-selective P2X7R agonist benzoyl ATP. Th...
Publication date: Available online 26 February 2020Source: Meta GeneAuthor(s): Salma Begum Bhyan, YongKiat Wee, Mingyu Luo, Yining Liu, Min Zhao
ConclusionNEAT1 upregulateIGF2 expression through absorbing miR ‐185‐5p to enhances the migration and invasion of colon cancer cells.
ConclusionOur results suggest that the combination of altered expression of genes involved in signaling pathways of immune response and apoptosis control may contribute directly to the main characteristics observed in BS, such as recurrent infections, growth failure, and high risk of cancer. Transcriptome studies of other instability syndromes could allow a more accurate analysis of the relevant gene interactions associated with the destabilization of the genome. This is a first description of the profile of differential gene expression related to immunological aspects detected in patients with BS by RNA ‐seq.
Helicobacter pylori is one of the most prevalent infection worldwide. It affects individuals of different age groups. Aging ‐associated risk factors should be considered. Future studies, related to aging andH. pylori infection with extragastric disease can help to provide vivid evidences. AbstractHelicobacter pylori is one of the most prevalent infection worldwide. It affects individuals of different age groups. Elderly people tend to resist eradication treatment and worsening of infection can lead to several gastric and non ‐gastric pathologies. Aging‐associated cellular and molecular alteration can increase the ris...
ConclusionIn summary, the above results indicate thatXIST promotes colorectal cancer tumorigenesis by regulating miR ‐93‐5p/HIF ‐1A/AXL signaling pathway, which will supply a novel perspective to diagnose and treat colorectal cancer disease.
Publication date: Available online 26 February 2020Source: Urology Case ReportsAuthor(s): Tomoko Yonamine, Tadashi Kaname, Yasutsugu Chinen, Kouichi Tamashiro, Noritake Kosuge, Seiichi Saito
ConclusionChronic inflammation in the dorsolateral prostate of rats dosed with EB, T and E resulted in deregulated expression in a set of microRNAs whose target genes were related to tumor growth or abnormal proliferation. Our findings suggest the identified microRNAs and their target genes the potential use as biomarkers to predict prostate cancer development. Validation using human samples is warranted.
Discussion and conclusionsA schema showing the time from initiation of therapy at which specific antineoplastic agents can cause significant levels of genetic damage in conceptuses and live offspring was developed. The estimates and methods for computing the level of such risk from an individual patient's treatment regimen will enable patients and counselors to make informed decisions on the use of spermatozoa or continuation of a pregnancy.
Publication date: Available online 26 February 2020Source: European UrologyAuthor(s): Wei Liu, Xiaoping Liu, Sheng Li
OBJECTIVE: In 2014, the South Australian coroner recommended that residents of aged care facilities (RACF) who had sustained a head injury should be transported to emergency departments (ED) for assessment and a head CT scan, with the view to preventing mo...
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