What Is the Most Common Type of Cardiomyopathy?

Discussion Barth syndrome is characterized by a dilated cardiomyopathy, proximal skeletal muscle weakness, neutropenia and short stature that usually presents at birth or soon after. It is a rare X-linked recessive disease process caused by mutations in the TAZ gene. The TAZ gene codes for tafazzin which alters cardiolipin in mitochondria. Characteristic facies can be seen especially in infancy including a tall and broad forehead, prominent chin and full cheeks, larger ears, and deep-set eyes. Most patients present at birth or soon afterwards but some may not until later in life. Life expectancy is reduced with many children dying in infancy and young childhood because of cardiomyopathy. Myocarditis is inflammation of the myocardium that causes cardiac dysfunction. It is usually caused by infectious diseases particularly viruses, but also drugs, toxins and systemic diseases. Causes include: Infectious diseases Virus Adenovirus** Coxsackie virus** Cytomegalovirus Epstein-Barr virus Hepatitis C** Human immunodeficiency virus Human herpes virus 6** Influenza Parvovirus B-19** Other infections Streptococcus Trypanosomiasis Non-infectious causes Idiopathic Drug-induced hypersensitivity Eosinophilic myocarditis Giant cell myocarditis Sarcoidosis Systemic lupus erythematosus ** = most common viruses identified Myocarditis is divided into 3 phases: acute (where muscle fibers can be lysed), subacute (where viral cell damage occurs including apoptosis, and inflammatory proc...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

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Authors: Achmat G, Leach L, Onagbiye SO Abstract BACKGROUND: Cardiometabolic disease (CMD) risk factors have reached epidemic proportions, with many people at risk of premature disability and death. There is insufficient data regarding the prevalence of CMD risk factors among firefighters in the Western Cape Province of South Africa. The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of CMD risk factors among South African firefighters in the Western Cape Province. Additional outcomes were to determine the relationship between BMI and CMD risk factors among firefighters. METHODS: A total of 219 healthy mal...
Source: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness - Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sports Med Phys Fitness Source Type: research
Authors: Kim HR, Yoon CK, Kim HW, Pak KY Abstract PURPOSE: In the present study, the volume of hard exudates (HEs) was quantitatively measured using optical coherence tomography (OCT) and the agreement and correlation with area of HEs in fundus photography were analyzed. METHODS: The medical records of patients with diabetic macular edema who underwent focal laser treatment and were followed up more than 3 months were retrospectively evaluated. An automated customized program designed for measuring HE volume was used. The HEs in each OCT B-scan binary image were measured using 512 × 128 pixels, 6 mm &time...
Source: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology : KJO - Category: Opthalmology Tags: Korean J Ophthalmol Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundBariatric surgery on patients with body mass index (BMI)  ≥ 50 kg/m2, historically known as superobesity, is technically challenging and carries a higher risk of complications. Bridging interventions have been introduced for weight loss before bariatric surgery in this population. This systematic review and meta-analysis aims to assess the efficacy and safety of bridging interventions before bariatric surgery in patients with BMI  ≥ 50 kg/m2.MethodsMEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science, and Scopus were searched from database inception to September 2018. Studies were e...
Source: Surgical Endoscopy - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
I know what I had to deal with to learn epic for the first time and still going through six months later. What are your thoughts medical students? I bet you spend 1/2 rotations just battling epic and not even talk about medicine. Instead of talking about different kinds ofcongestive heart failure you spend similar time on how to navigate epic... I think it is an utter piece of garbage software and its implementation is a cruel joke on anyone who has to use it.
Source: Student Doctor Network - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Medical Students - MD Source Type: forums
AbstractPurposeTo determine the diagnostic performance of intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) parameters to predict tumor recurrence after hepatectomy in patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV) –related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).Materials and methodsOne hundred and fifty-seven patients (mean age 52.54  ± 11.32 years, 87% male) with surgically and pathologically confirmed HCC were included. Regions of interests were drawn including the tumors by two independent radiologists. ADC and IVIM-derived parameters (true diffusion coefficient [D]; pseudodiffusion coefficient [D*]; pseudodiffusion f...
Source: European Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
ConclusionThe occurrence of carotid plaques in asymptomatic individuals is underestimated by ultrasound compared to plaque assessment by CTA. Carotid plaque composition by CTA is different in individuals with and without carotid plaques by ultrasound.Key Points•The occurrence of carotid plaques by ultrasound was underestimated in 46% of participants who had plaques by carotid CTA.•Participants with carotid plaques by ultrasound had higher volumes of all plaque subtypes and a higher calcified plaque component as determined by carotid CTA compared to participants without carotid plaques by ultrasound.•A high c...
Source: European Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Abstract PMID: 31612806 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Current Medicinal Chemistry - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Curr Med Chem Source Type: research
Authors: Liu N, Feng J, Lv Y, Liu Q, Deng J, Xia Y, Guo C, Zhou Y Abstract The accumulation of toxic bile acids (BAs) is closely related to liver injury, inflammation and tumorigenesis. The aim of the present study was to determine the role of the serum BA spectrum in the diagnosis and progression of liver cirrhosis. This was a prospective observational study involving patients with chronic hepatitis (n=23), liver cirrhosis (n=101), and cirrhosis complicated with hepatocellular carcinoma (CC-HCC; n=56). The 6-month survival of cirrhotic patients was recorded after blood collection. Comparisons of serum total BAs an...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
Authors: Bronstein FN, Meyer B, Condat B, Loria A, Bronstein JA PMID: 31611136 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Med Mal Infect Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 October 2019Source: Multiple Sclerosis and Related DisordersAuthor(s): Paula Wildner, Mariusz StasioĊ‚ek, Mariola MatysiakAbstractMultiple sclerosis (MS) is the most common acquired demyelinating disorder of the central nervous system (CNS). Diagnosing MS can be very challenging owing to its variable clinical features and lack of specific tests. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a key measure in this process. Although white matter lesions on brain MRI are regarded as a hallmark of MS, they are a common radiological finding and their pattern may overlap in particular CNS inflammatory ...
Source: Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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