Histopathological study of gastric infection with Spirocerca lupi in Pallas ’s cat ( Otocolobus manul )
This report characterizes the first documented case of spirocercosis in a Pallas ’s cat in the world. (Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology)
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - October 6, 2018 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Hematological value references for free-living saffron finch ( Sicalis flaveola ) using a machine-learning-based classifier
AbstractSicalis flaveola, also known as saffron finch, has now become a species of interest to researchers and scholars in the area, due to illegal trade and the destruction of its natural habitat. Among the ways to evaluate cells, the automatic counting method through image cytometry has been highlighted. The present study aims to evaluate the image cytometry method as an alternative for use for data analysis tool. (Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology)
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - October 5, 2018 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Serum and urine amino acid profiles of captive cheetahs ( Acinonyx jubatus )
This study provides some foundational information on the serum and urine amino acid profiles of healthy captive cheetahs. (Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology)
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - October 3, 2018 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Evaluation of protective effect of aqueous extract of Phyllanthus emblica fruit on duodenum mucosa in experimentally induced diarrhea in albino Wistar rats
AbstractPhyllanthus emblica fruit is an excellent source of antioxidants which is widely used for different gastric ailments in Ayurveda and traditional herbal medicine. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the antioxidative and protective role of aqueous extract ofPhyllanthus emblica fruit (AEPEF) on intestinal mucosa against castor oil-induced diarrhea. Rats were randomly divided into five groups (N = 6). After acclimatization of 7 days, group I (control) and group II (loperamide) were given distilled water @ 20 ml/kg body weight (BW) orally whereas rats of group III, group IV, and group...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - October 3, 2018 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Serum and urine amino acid profiles of captive cheetahs ( Acinonyx jubatus )
This study provides some foundational information on the serum and urine amino acid profiles of healthy captive cheetahs. (Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology)
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - October 3, 2018 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Evaluation of protective effect of aqueous extract of Phyllanthus emblica fruit on duodenum mucosa in experimentally induced diarrhea in albino Wistar rats
AbstractPhyllanthus emblica fruit is an excellent source of antioxidants which is widely used for different gastric ailments in Ayurveda and traditional herbal medicine. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the antioxidative and protective role of aqueous extract ofPhyllanthus emblica fruit (AEPEF) on intestinal mucosa against castor oil-induced diarrhea. Rats were randomly divided into five groups (N = 6). After acclimatization of 7 days, group I (control) and group II (loperamide) were given distilled water @ 20 ml/kg body weight (BW) orally whereas rats of group III, group IV, and group...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - October 3, 2018 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Pycnogenol ® supplementation improved the erythrocyte stability of packed donkeys during the late hot-dry season in Zaria, Nigeria
AbstractThe aim of this study was to determine the effect of pycnogenol ® (PYC) on erythrocyte stability of donkeys subjected to packing during the late hot-dry season. Ten donkeys, divided into two groups, served as experimental subjects. P-PYC group (n = 5) was subjected to packing only, while P+PYC group (n = 5) was administered with PYC (10 mg/kg) and subjected to packing. Erythrocytes obtained from each animal in the experimental groups were added into saline solution of different concentrations (0.9, 0.6, 0.4. 0.2, and 0.0 g/100 ml). Erythrocyte osmotic fragility index (EOFI...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - October 2, 2018 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Evaluation of the toxicopathological lesions of Calotropis procera using a chick embryonic model
AbstractToxicopathological effects of herbs have always been a major concern. There is scant information available about the toxicopathological effects ofCalotropis procera (C. procera) in the fetus. Since the chick embryo is a suitable preclinical model to evaluate the toxicopathological effects of chemicals, the objective of this study is to evaluate the lesions of various dosages ofC. procera using a chick embryonic model. Fertile chicken eggs were divided into three equal treatment groups; phosphate buffered saline-injected group andC. procera-injected groups whose individuals were treated withC. procera extract at dos...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - September 27, 2018 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Post-prandial lipemia and glycemia in dogs fed with industrialized pet food
In conclusion, the commercial feed used in th is study alters glycemic and lipid profiles of some analytes of healthy dogs. Fasting can be reduced for biochemical determination of glucose, while no fasting period is necessary for total and HDL cholesterol determination in dogs. (Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology)
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - September 25, 2018 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Medicinal properties of Clerodendrum glaburum E may leaf extracts: phytochemical constituents, antioxidant, cytotoxicity, and carbohydrate-metabolizing enzyme inhibitory potentials
AbstractThe phytochemical constituents, antioxidant, and cytotoxicity as well as the inhibitory potentials ofClerodendrum glaburum on key carbohydrate metabolizing enzymes were investigated. The plant sample was extracted separately with hexane, EtOAc, MeOH, and water. The phytochemical analysis and antioxidant assays of the extracts were achieved using standard procedures; the antidiabetic capability of the extracts against the actions of α-amylase and α-glucosidase was examined while their cytotoxicity was tested against Vero cells. Highest quantity of phenol (65.97 mg gallic acid g−1), flavon...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - September 24, 2018 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Molecular investigation of Lawsonia intracellularis in diarrheic and healthy captive ostriches ( Struthio camelus ) in Iran
AbstractLawsonia intracellularis is the causative agent of proliferative enteropathy (PE) in pigs, a disease of economic importance worldwide. The present study aimed to investigate the occurrence ofL. intracellularis in ostriches using a sensitive and specific nested polymerase chain reaction (nested PCR). A total number of 112 fecal samples (64 healthy, 48 diarrheic) were collected from 11 ostrich farms located in four provinces in Iran (Semnan, Tehran, Gilan, Yazd). The results showed the presence ofL. intracellularis in three diarrheic and four apparently healthy birds. The frequency of positive results was the same in...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - September 22, 2018 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Variations of immunoglobulin A in serum, tracheal, and intestinal tissues in chickens following inoculation of two strains of Newcastle disease vaccines
AbstractTo elucidate secretory immunoglobulin A (IgA) response as a part of mucosal immunity, it is decided to compare the effectiveness of intraocular administration of Hitchner B1 and thermostable I-2 vaccines in broiler chickens challenged with viscerotropic velogenic Newcastle disease virus (vvNDV) (Herts33). For this purpose, 301-day-old chicks were randomly divided in to the four groups. Groups 1 and 2 were inoculated with I-2 and HB1 vaccines twice via intraocular route with 1-week intervals, and groups 3 and 4 were considered positive and negative controls and birds were challenged 2  weeks after the second in...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - September 21, 2018 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Equine blood reticulocytes: reference intervals, physiological and pathological changes
AbstractHigh-sensitivity haematology analysers detect equine blood reticulocytes, but their analysis and quantitation is largely unstudied. We assessed whether equine reticulocytes are affected by pathological or physiological factors, determined reference intervals, and examined reticulocyte and related, erythron parameters using 6-years ’ data (Advia 2120) from our hospital archives. Data was categorised according to horse age (foals
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - September 18, 2018 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Effect of aqueous ethanol extract of Dialium guineense leaf on diclofenac-induced oxidative stress and hepatorenal injuries in Wistar rats
AbstractDrug-induced liver and kidney injuries are threats to public health worldwide, but there are claims that medicinal plants may provide remedy. Protective effect ofDialium guineense leaf extract (DGE) against diclofenac (DF)-induced oxidative injuries to the liver and kidney was evaluated in rats. Extract was prepared by maceration of pulverized sample in a mixture of water and ethanol, filtration, and evaporation to dryness. Eighteen rats were divided into three groups with six rats per group. Group I rats received normal saline, group II rats received 10  mg/kg DF by intramuscular route for 7 days while g...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - September 17, 2018 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Anatomy and histomorphology of thyroid, parathyroid and ultimobranchial glands in Guinea fowl ( Numida meleagris )
AbstractThe thyroid, parathyroid, and ultimobranchial glands are of great importance to birds due to the secretion of various hormones including T3, T4, PTH, and calcitonin, as well as species differences. Since no study was conducted on some birds of the pheasant family such as Guinea fowl, the anatomy, histomorphology, and histochemistry of these glands in Guinea fowl were studied. For this purpose, six adult Guinea fowls (three males and three females) were selected. The anatomical results showed that in Guinea fowl, the thyroid gland was symmetrical in the chest near the cephalic artery, common carotid artery, and the ...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - September 12, 2018 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Darbepoietin alpha ameliorates oxidative/nitrosative stress, decreases apoptosis, and improves clinical outcome in chronic canine monocytic ehrlichiosis
AbstractCanine monocytic ehrlichiosis (CME) is an important hemoprotozoan disease of dogs associated with anemia, leucopenia, and thrombocytopenia. The present study was conducted with the aim of assessing the status of oxidative/nitrosative stress and apoptosis in naturally occurring cases of chronic canine monocytic ehrlichiosis, to investigate potential of darbepoietin alpha in ameliorating oxidative/nitrosative stress and apoptosis associated with CME and to assess the impact of darbepoietin alpha administration on clinical outcome in chronic canine monocytic ehrlichiosis. Thirty naturally occurring cases of chronic CM...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - September 7, 2018 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activity of Thai mango ( Mangifera indica Linn.) leaf extracts
AbstractMango (Mangifera indica Linn.) has been widely studied as a folk medicines and it has become a common ingredient in cosmeceutical products. However, there was no report on the efficacy of Thai mango leaf extracts against inflammation. Thus, the aim of this study was to ascertain the anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities of methanol (MeOH) and aqueous (Aq) extracts from the leaves of three mango varieties: Keaw Morakot, Nam Doc Mai, and Mahajanaka. To assay in vitro anti-inflammatory activity, the amount of nitric oxide (NO) released from macrophage cells was indirectly measured. Since free radicals play an i...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - September 5, 2018 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Blood metabolite profile in Holstein-Friesian cows fed diets varying in dry matter and metabolizable energy density during early lactation
AbstractDietary effects on circulating concentrations of some blood metabolites were assessed in Holstein-Friesian cows in early lactation. Thirty-two lactating cows were randomly assigned to receive four diets differing in dry matter intake (DMI) and metabolizable energy (ME) density, namely low dry matter and metabolizable energy (LL), low dry matter and high metabolizable energy (LH), high dry matter and low metabolizable energy (HL), high dry matter and high metabolizable energy (HH), and concentrations of some blood metabolites determined. At the end of the 5-week study, the level of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - September 1, 2018 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Diet quality and diet patterns in relation to circulating renal biomarkers in uninephrectomized rats
In conclusion, HF- or HFF-induced kidney damage is enhanced further more with uninephrectomy and is linked with abnormalities in renal tissue. Progressive renal insufficiency and glomerulosclerosis had been observed in obese animals without uninephrectomy Therefore, renal damage because of obesity-related hyperfiltration is especially severe with uninephrectomy. More studies needed to study the effect of these diets on other metabolic organs in genetic level. (Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology)
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - September 1, 2018 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Estimation of telomerase, AFP, and AFP-L3 levels in Sudanese patients with hepatocellular carcinoma and chronic liver diseases
AbstractTelomerase enzyme activity is considered a widespread and relatively selective tumor cell marker feature that can be used for detecting the presence of various neoplastic cells. The positive activity of telomerase enzyme was also recorded in chronic liver disease and is evaluated as a more appropriate biomarker for differentiating hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) from chronic liver diseases. The current study aimed to evaluate telomerase, AFP, and AFP-L3 levels in Sudanese patients with hepatocellular carcinoma and chronic liver diseases. The study enrolled 113 patients: HCC (n = 33), cirrhosis (n =&...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - September 1, 2018 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Fibronectin gene polymorphisms in HCV related type II mixed cryoglobulinemia: risk of development of B-cell lymphoma
AbstractB-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (B-NHL) are clonal malignancies with diverse clinical presentations, pathogenesis, and biologic behavior. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a major leading cause of liver-related morbidity and B-cell lymphoproliferative diseases such as mixed cryoglobulinemic syndrome (MCns) and B-NHL. Fibronectin (FN) is a multifunctional glycoprotein of 250  kDa which is encoded on a gene that is 75 kb in length, located on chromosome 2q34–36 and consists of 50 exons. Polymorphisms of the fibronectin gene are as follows: HindIII, HaeIII, TaqI, and MspI. The aim of the current study was to inve...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - September 1, 2018 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Ivermectin resistance in intestinal parasites of camels in a private farm at Assiut, Egypt
AbstractRecently, anthelmintic resistance becomes a growing problem in veterinary medicine in all domestic animals including camels. There was a little documented research on parasitic resistance especially in camels in Egypt. Therefore, this study was designed to investigate resistance to ivermectin in one-humped camels (Camelus dromedarius) in a private farm at Assiut Governorate, Egypt. These camels were regularly receiving injectable ivermectin at 0.2  mg/kg bodyweight once every month and suffered from emaciation and loss of condition. Fecal samples were collected from all camels in the farm (number =&thin...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - September 1, 2018 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Comparison of anticancer effects of everolimus-gemcitabine combination with gemcitabine on pancreatic cancer using Rgs16 biomarker evaluation
This study showed that a combination of everolimus and gemcitabine is more potent than everolimus, which is more effective than gemcitabine, in killing pancreatic cancer cells. However,Rgs16 as a marker of invasion was very low in Panc-1 cells and the drugs were not effective in alteringRgs16 gene expression or protein level. Although this may suggest that Panc-1 is a very invasive cell line and these drugs are not effective in highly metastatic cases, the cell line might be resistant toRgs16 expression due to its specific mutations. (Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology)
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - September 1, 2018 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Effect of dexamethasone administration on the pathogenicity and lesion severity in rats experimentally inoculated with Orf virus (Malaysian isolates)
In this study, the pathogenicity of Malaysian isolates of Orf virus (UPM 1/14 and UPM 2/14) was evaluated in a rat model using different inoculation sites with/without dexamethasone administration. A total of 50 rats were used in this study. For the first part of the study, 35 rats were divided into three groups; group 1 (n = 15) was inoculated with 0.5 mL of UPM 1/14 (tissue culture infective dose 50% (TCID50) 108.1/mL) while group 2 (n = 15) was inoculated with 0.5 mL of UPM 2/14 (TCID50 107.2/mL) each at the dorsum (n = 5), ear pinna (n = 5), and labial c...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - August 13, 2018 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

The survey of parasitic infections of wild pigeons ( Columba livia ) in Lahijan city, Guilan, Iran
AbstractPigeons of the order Columbiformes especially wild pigeons (Columba livia), are of concern since they have a role in spreading some zoonoses to people as well as being a reservoir of many parasitic diseases for poultry.The aim of this investigation was to study on parasitic infections ofColumba livia. This survey was conducted from 180Columba livia in four parts of the Lahijan city, Northern area of Iran, between March 2015 and April 2016. From 180 pigeons, 43.33 and 36.66% were infected with nematodes and cestodes respectively whereas no trematodes were found. The helminths were Nematoda:Ascaridia columbae (50%),C...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - August 13, 2018 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Role of IL-6/IL-10 ratio in the diagnosis and in the assessment of the severity of obsessive-compulsive disorder
AbstractObsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) has a genetic and environmental pathogenesis. The immunologic changes in OCD have been proven in many studies, but those tackling cytokine in OCD are still limited. The present study aims to evaluate the diagnostic performance of IL-6, IL-10, and the IL-6/IL-10 ratio in the OCD patient group, and to show their correlation with the clinical parameters of OCD. Eighty subjects (60 OCD patients and 20 matched controls) were participating in this study. The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was run to quantify the IL-6 and IL-10. Serum IL-6 exhibited a higher result in OCD patients th...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - August 8, 2018 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Death of an Arabian mare due to incomplete treatment of fetal maceration: a case report
AbstractTen-year-old Arabian mare was referred to the Veterinary Teaching Hospital of Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, central Iran, in lateral recumbency with anorexia and severe weakness. On clinical examination, the mare was depressed, tachypneic (55 breaths/min), tachycardic (50 beats/min), and had a body temperature of 36.5  °C. Stronger heart tone than normal was detectable by stethoscope and mucous membranes were hyperemic. At necropsy, a distended uterus containing a large amount of malodorous thin sanguineous exudate, inflammatory debris, and fetal bones indicated fetal maceration that previously had ...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - August 3, 2018 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Comparative hypolipidaemic effects of crude seed powder, aqueous and methanolic seed extracts of Buchholzia coriacea in carbon tetrachloride-induced toxicity in albino rats ( Rattus norvegicus )
AbstractComparative hypolipidaemic effects of aqueous seed extracts, methanolic seed extracts and crude seed powder ofBuchholzia coriacea in rats intoxicated with carbon tetrachloride were evaluated for 56  days. A total of male albino rats (150–200 g) comprising of 12 normal and 132 CCl4-induced toxic rats were divided into 4 major groups: control groups (normal, positive and negative controls) and 3 treatment groups (B. coriacea aqueous extract (BCAE) group,B. coriacea methanolic extract (BCME) group andB. coriacea crude powder (BCCP) group) of 36 albino rats. The major group was split into three sub-grou...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - August 3, 2018 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Serum proteins in healthy and diseased Florida manatees ( Trichechus manatus latirostris )
AbstractA major goal of this study was to determine whether serum protein fractions of healthy Florida manatees differ with age, sex, or living environments (wild versus housed). A second goal was to determine which serum protein fractions vary in diseased versus healthy manatees. Serum protein fractions were determined using agarose gel electrophoresis. Healthy adults had slightly higher total serum protein and total globulin concentrations than younger animals. This largely resulted from an increase in gamma globulins with age. Total serum protein, albumin, alpha-1 globulin, beta globulin, and total globulin concentratio...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - August 3, 2018 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Hematology and serum biochemistry of growing New Zealand White (NZW) rabbits administered Panax ginseng extracts
This study was conducted to evaluate the hematological and serum biochemical parameters of growing New Zealand White (NZW) rabbits administeredPanax ginseng extracts (PGEs). A total of 48 NZW growing male (M) and female (F) rabbits (24 each) were used and the experiment lasted for 28  days. It was carried out in a randomized complete block design (RCBD), made up of T1 (0.0  mg/ml of PGEs), T2 (200.0  mg/ml of PGEs), and T3 (400.0  mg/ml of PGEs) which was replicated thrice and sex served as the block. Packed cell volume (PCV) (34.03%), red blood cell (RBC) (5.52 × 106/ μl), white ...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - August 2, 2018 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Comparative study on the interaction of eugenol, Butylated hydroxylanisole, and Butylated hydroxyl toluene with some crucial enzymes linked to erectile dysfunction
This study investigated and compared the effect of natural phenolic compound (eugenol) and synthetic phenolic compounds [butylated hydroxylanisole (BHA) and butylated hydroxyl toluene (BHT)] on some crucial enzymes (angiotensin-1-converting enzyme (ACE) and arginase) linked to erectile dysfunction (ED) in vitro. Furthermore, the effects of the compounds were assessed on several antioxidant parameters including DPPH (1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl) and ABTS (2,2-azino-bis (3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) free radical scavenging ability, ferric reducing power, and Fe2+ chelating ability. Ten millimolar each of the phe...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - August 1, 2018 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Diagnosis of Toxocara eggs in faeces and hair coat of a Persian cat —a case study
AbstractThe present communication report about the occurrence ofToxocara spp. eggs on the hair coat  of cat and faeces reported. A Persian female cat about 14 months of age was presented to the hospital with a history of reduced food intake, vomiting, diarrhoea and alopecia. Microscopic examination of the faecal sample and skin scrapings revealed the presence ofToxocara spp. eggs. The cat was administered with pyrantel pamoate at 5  mg/kg body weight orally for three consecutive days along with the supportive therapy and showed uneventful recovery after treatment. (Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology)
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - July 31, 2018 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Brine shrimp lethality and acute toxicity tests of different hydro-methanol extracts of Anacardium occidentale using in vitro and in vivo models: a preliminary study
AbstractThe antimicrobial, antifungal, antiprotozoal, anthelminthic, and antiviral activities of various part ofAnacardium occidentale have been reported in vitro. However, there are no records or documentation on the potential cytotoxicity and acute toxicity effects of the extracts using in vivo study. The present study was conducted to evaluate the cytotoxicity and acute toxicity effects of stem bark, root, stem, and leave extracts using in vivo and in vitro models. Plant materials were extracted using cold maceration in 70% hydro-methanol, and the extracts were concentrated under hot air oven at 40  °C. In brin...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - July 30, 2018 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Changes in biomarkers serum amyloid A and haptoglobin following treatment of endometritis in dairy cows
AbstractMonitoring of changes in acute phase proteins following the treatment of endometritis can help us to improve treatment protocols. In total, 81 dairy cows affected by clinical endometritis were selected in 30  days in milk (DIM) and treated with hyperimmune serum. Cervical mucus cytology was used to determine the neutrophil percentage. Levels of amyloid A (SAA) and haptoglobin (Hp) in blood serum were measured just before and 2 weeks after the treatment. The cows were timed-inseminated with Heat Synch following the treatment, and pregnancy was diagnosed 35 ± 3 days after AI. Varia...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - July 23, 2018 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Protocatechuic acid mitigates adriamycin-induced reproductive toxicities and hepatocellular damage in rats
AbstractAdriamycin (ADR) is an anticancer drug that has a wide report of toxicity in various organs including testes and liver. This has brought limitation to its use in chemotherapy. Protocatechuic acid (PCA) is a phenolic acid   present in several  foods  of  plant origins. The aim of this study is to assess the possible action of PCA in ADR-induced reproductive and hepatic toxicities in rats. Thirty adult male rats of about 160–180 g in weight were separated into five groups: group 1 was given normal saline and se rved as control group, group 2 was administered 20 mg/kg of ADR intrape...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - July 19, 2018 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Animal-level risk factors associated with foot-and-mouth disease in cattle and buffalo in Egypt
AbstractThere is a paucity of the investigation of risk factors associated with foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) in Egypt. Subsequently, in the present study the impact of risk factors associated with FMD infection was analyzed in cattle and buffalo reared in Qalyubia governorate, Egypt. Serum samples were collected from 288 animals (n = 90 water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) andn = 198 cattle) and adapted for detection of FMD virus infection by ELISA assay with monoclonal antibody (MELISA) to type serotype O. Direct FMD virus serotype was detected in 115 animals (n = 82 cattle andn&thinsp...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - July 17, 2018 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Hemodynamic premises of endothelial dysfunction in young patients with vertebrobasilar insufficiency
AbstractAccording to current interpretations, tonal regulation of major arteries is determined by the degree of endothelial function. Shear stress influence on the vascular endothelium is an important part of vascular physiology. The aim of this study was to evaluate endothelial dysfunction, dependent up on the stage of spondylogenic vertebrobasilar insufficiency using the indicatorISD (systole-diastolic index) in young patients with degenerative-dystrophic lesions of cervical spine. Our results show that there is significant association between the status of the endothelial wall and hemodynamic changes (the growth of the ...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - July 9, 2018 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Bovine papilloma: aetiology, pathology, immunology, disease status, diagnosis, control, prevention and treatment: a review
In conclusion, this review focused on the aetiology, viral structure pathogenicity, transmission, macroscopic and microscopic pathology, pathogenesis, immunology, gene products, prevention, treatment and control of this virus in affected animal species. (Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology)
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - July 6, 2018 Category: Pathology Source Type: research