Effect of formaldehyde antimicrobial feed additive on the immune competence of chickens experimentally infected with a known Newcastle disease virus strain
AbstractThirty-seven percent (37%) formaldehyde- possessing antimicrobial activity has been used in various forms as a fumigant for mould control and as a feed additive for feed preservation. The study evaluated the effects of formaldehyde-treated poultry feed on the immune response of birds to Newcastle disease virus (NDV) infection with Kudu 113 strain. A total of 100 chicks were acquired from Zartech Hatchery, Ibadan, Nigeria. They were randomly appropriated into A, B, C and D experimental groups, with each group containing 25 birds. Group A chicks were vaccinated, fed treated feed and infected with ND virus while group...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - January 24, 2018 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Ectoparasites associated with small mammals (orders Insectivora, Eulipotyphla, and Rodentia) in Razan plain, western region of Iran
The objectives of this project were to determine the prevalence and intensity of ectoparasites of small mammals in the Razan plain region. From February 2010 to November 2013, small mammals were collected by live traps. Animals were anesthetized and ectoparasites were collected, preserved in ethanol, and then identified. A total of 192 small mammals in five species including three species of rodents, one species of shrew, and one species of hedgehog were caught of which ultimately 13 species of ectoparasites were collected: three species of sucking lice, four species of fleas, and six species of ticks. In total, 62.5% of s...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - January 23, 2018 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Protective effect of Gnetum africanum methanol leaf extract on pancreatic islet cells in rats
AbstractLaboratory rats have played a central role in studies of islet biology. Their islets have a well-defined structure with a central core of β-cells representing 60–80% of islet cells and a layer of other endocrine cells surrounding the core including α-cells, δ-cells, and pluripotent cells.Gnetum africanum is a leafy vegetable used in the management of diabetes by the people of Southern Nigeria. Despite its wide usage, its effect on alloxan-induced pancreatic cells is largely unknown. Its protective effect on pancreatic islets was studied using rats, in which diabetes was induced using alloxan ...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - January 20, 2018 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Detection of Toxoplasma gondii in infected meat samples by a latex agglutination test using anti-P30 recombinant antibody
In this study, a latex agglutination assessment for identification ofToxoplasma gondii in contaminated meat products was developed. For this propose, recombinant anti-P30 single-chain Fv (scFv) antibody gene was cloned into pET26b vector to express this antibody in high level. This gene ’s expression inEscherichia coli lead to production of significant amount of antibody (16  mg/L). After purification, the anti-P30 scFv was connected to beads of latex and used for agglutination test. These beads could agglutinate wholeToxoplasma gondii and contaminated meat samples. Thus, this rapid test may be applied to find c...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - January 20, 2018 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Correction to: Seroprevalence of orf infection based on IgM antibody detection in sheep and goats from selected small ruminant farms in Malaysia
AbstractThere were errors in the original version of this article. First is the affiliation and spelling of one of the authors, Ashwaq Ahmed Abdullah. And the other is in the affiliation 1. Corrected data are presented here. (Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology)
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - January 20, 2018 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Oxidative status of growing West African dwarf goat kids fed diets containing different nutrient density
AbstractNutritional manipulation is the best option against parasitic infection in ruminants, as it has no residual effect on the animal. Nutrition improves the resilience and resistance of the infected animals and eliminates the resultant clinical anaemia. Twenty-four growing intensively raised West African dwarf (WAD) goats (10.2  + 0.78) were used to assess the effect of incremental levels of protein and energy on the performance characteristics and oxidative status of the WAD goats. The animals were individually housed and allotted to diets containing varying levels of crude protein and energy levels: hig...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - January 19, 2018 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

A study of hematologic and biochemical profile in female dromedary camels during the breeding and non-breeding seasons
This study was performed to investigate hematological and serum biochemical changes during breeding and non-breeding seasons in female camels, raised in Khouzestan Province. Blood samples were collected from 32 apparently healthy female dromedary camels during December to March as breeding period and from June to October as non-breeding period. Complete blood counts and serum biochemical parameters were analyzed. The results revealed a significant rise in erythrocyte markers including RBC, Hb, HCT, and MCHC in peak breeding season. Serum creatinine concentration in the breeding season was significantly higher than the non-...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - January 19, 2018 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Clinical and pathological findings of enzootic nasal adenocarcinoma of goat
AbstractThe enzootic nasal tumor (ENT), a contagious tumor, is raised from the secretory epithelial cells of the ethmoid turbinate in animal which is caused by ENT virus type (ENTV) 2. The aim of this study is to investigate the clinical, radiological, and histopathological features of ENT or nasal adenocarcinoma in Lori-Bakhtiari breeds of goat. The affected goats showed respiratory nasal problems, continuous nasal exudate, and death resulted from progressive respiratory distress and anorexia. Dorsomedial radiographs of the skull region showed the mass in the right caudal paranasal sinus region deformation of bone in the ...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - January 18, 2018 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Effects of temperature, pH, and bile salt on antimicrobial activity of bacteriocin-like substances obtained from barley sourdough LAB
This study aimed to investigate the effects of temperature (4, 85, 121  °C), pH (2, 4, 11), and bile salt (0.3, 0.6, 1%)—as common conditions of gastrointestinal tract or thermal food processing—on antimicrobial activity of bacteriocin-like substances (BLS) obtained from barley sourdough lactic acid bacteria (LAB) against some of food-borne pathogens. In addition , the safety of LAB isolates was also evaluated. The isolates were identified by sequencing of PCR products asLactobacillus brevis,Lactobacillus curieae,Pediococcus stilesii andWeissella cibaria. At low and high temperatures and pH values and ...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - January 18, 2018 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Outbreak and management of Mycoplasma gallisepticum infection in desi chicken and turkey flocks in an organized mixed farm
AbstractIn an organized farm, desi chicken and turkeys were reported with the clinical signs of congestion of conjunctival mucous membrane, dullness, unilateral and bilateral head swelling and nasal discharge. Flock strength was 545 desi chickens and 296 turkeys of 75 and 50  days old respectively. Morbidity was 3.67 and 6.75% and mortality was 0.91 and 0.67% in chickens and turkeys respectively. On investigation, clinical signs started 12 days after the introduction of desi chicken from another organized farm. In total, 10 chickens and 20 turkeys showed clinical sign s, of which 5 desi chicken and 2 turkeys died...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - January 13, 2018 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Long-term effects of thyroxine-induced hyperthyroidism on the histological attributes of the oviduct in broiler breeder hens
AbstractA 4-week-long administration of extra thyroxine (T4) in broiler breeder hens was recommended to lower the cold-induced ascites incidence in the progeny chicks. A hypothesis was tested that the long-term-induced hyperthyroidism might influence the histological traits of oviducts in the exposed hens. A total of 70 47-week-old Cobb 500 breeder hens were randomly allotted to two treatment groups (5 replicates of 7 hens each), including the control (CON) and hyperthyroid (HYPER). Thyroxine (T4) was orally administered to the HYPER group (0.3  mg/bird day−1) for 100 successive days; whereas the CON group ...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - January 6, 2018 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Evaluation of the effects of curcumin in patients with metabolic syndrome
AbstractCurcumin is a yellow pigment derived from rhizomes of turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) and can affect multiple components metabolic syndrome (MetS). In the current study, we aimed to evaluate the effects of curcumin on several CVD risk factors, including indices of depression and anxiety in individuals with MetS. This randomized clinical trial was undertaken in the Nutrition Clinic of the Ghaem Hospital. One hundred and twenty subjects (18 –65 years old) were randomly assigned to one of three treatment groups: a group receiving phospholipidated curcumin (PC) capsules (1 g/day) for 6 weeks )n ...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - January 4, 2018 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Lysiloma acapulcensis leaves contain anthelmintic metabolites that reduce the gastrointestinal nematode egg population in sheep faeces
AbstractOne metabolite against lamb gastrointestinal nematodes (GIN) was identified from extracts ofLysiloma acapulcensis leaves. Firstly, an aqueous extract ofL. acapulcensis leaves and two fractions, organic and aqueous, were evaluated at different concentrations againstHaemonchus contortus eggs and histotrophic larvae. In other experiment, 35 Pelibuey GIN-infected lambs were randomly divided into five groups, as follows: (1) ivermectin (0.2  mg/kg BW); (2) control (untreated); (3) rutin (10 mg/kg BW, as a flavonoid comparison control); (4)L. acapulcensis leaves ethyl acetate fraction (EtAc-F, 25  mg/kg BW...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - January 1, 2018 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Is there a pathological relationship between microalbuminuria and Helicobacter pylori vacA and cagA genes in type 2 diabetic patients?
AbstractDiabetes is one of the most common metabolic disorders worldwide. Microalbuminuria, one of the complications following elevated glucose levels, is used as a simple and effective method of kidney function analysis in diabetic patients. Early stage diagnosis of microalbuminuria is useful in monitoring and prevention of the progression of diabetic nephropathy. Due to a lower immunity, diabetic patients are more susceptible. Reports have shown that cytotoxin-associated gene A (cagA)-positiveHelicobacter pylori is one of the effective factors responsible in microalbuminuria pathology. However, a lack of information on t...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - January 1, 2018 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Evaluating the performance of IFAT, RDT, and semi-nested PCR for detection of Leishmania infantum infection on sera samples in symptomatic dogs
In this study, 23 clinically infected dogs and 75 clinically suspected dogs were selected for the study and sera samples were examined using IFAT, RDT, and semi-nested PCR. Among clinically suspected dogs, 72% (54/75), 26% (13/50), and 36% (27/75) of sera samples were positive forL. infantum by IFAT, semi-nested PCR, and RDT, respectively. A poor agreement was observed between IFAT and semi-nested PCR. A slight agreement was observed between IFAT with PCR and RT methods, and the worse agreement was observed between semi-nested PCR and RDT. The sensitivity and specificity of RDT and semi-nested PCR were calculated according...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - January 1, 2018 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Addition of yucca extract and glutamine in the diet of chicks had a protective effect against coccidiosis
AbstractSome challenge has been faced by farmers and among them are the decline of animal performance and mortality rate in the growth phase. One of the main causes of low performance is gastrointestinal problems, most of them caused by parasitic infections. Among the protozoa of major importance that affect the poultry in the first weeks of life, stands out the genusEimeria, a parasite that causes intestinal malabsorption. The current study used 40 chicks, 1-day old, separated into four groups that received the same diet with different levels of yucca extract and glutamine supplementation. The animals were weighed at 10 a...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - January 1, 2018 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Correction to: Effects of dust particles on body weight and some haematological parameters in rats in Maiduguri metropolis, Nigeria
AbstractThe original version of this paper unfortunately captured the name of Dr. Yahi incorrectly. It should be Dauda Yahi instead of Y. Dauda in the original paper. (Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology)
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - January 1, 2018 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Comparison of efficacies of fetal bovine sera from different suppliers in cell culture experiments
AbstractFetal bovine serum (FBS) is widely used as a culture medium supplement. A high degree of variations is observed among FBS samples produced by different suppliers. The purpose of the present study was to compare between the quality and characteristics of FBS produced at Avicenna Research Institute (ARI-FBS) and a commercial FBS. Blood samples were taken from 50 healthy bovine fetuses at 2 –9 months of age. Following clotting of the blood, samples were centrifuged. Their sera were collected under sterile conditions. After irradiation, to investigate the performance and quality assurance of the serum sample...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - December 29, 2017 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Potential demographic, clinical, and environment risk factors for canine visceral leishmaniasis using IFAT and nested PCR, southeastern Iran
This study was performed between 2014 and 2015 on 210 randomly selected stray dogs which were caught by live traps. A 5  ml blood sample was taken from cephalic vein for indirect immunofluorescence antibody test (IFAT) and nested PCR. The cut-off titer for IFAT was 1:320. For molecular test, two sets of general and specific primers were used to amplify variable mini circle region of kinetoplast DNA (kDNA). Data anal yses were performed byx2 and logistic regression tests atP 
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - December 29, 2017 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Prevalence of Listeria monocytogenes in cerebrospinal fluid obtained from hospitalized patients
AbstractThe aim of the present study was to determine the occurrence ofListeria monocytogenes in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples obtained from patients with meningitis symptoms. A total of 102 CSF samples which were referred for bacterial culture to microbiology laboratory in Mashhad ’s Hospital were included in this study. All of the samples were cultured and positive ones confirmed by multiplex-PCR. Molecular serotyping and virulence characterization of isolates were performed. Random amplified polymorphic DNA-PCR using three set of primers was performed for evaluation of ge netic diversity of these isolates. Fiv...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - December 23, 2017 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Applications of fluorescence in situ hybridization in detection of disease biomarkers and personalized medicine
AbstractFluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) method, as a molecular technique, is applicable for studying the gene expression during the cell differentiation, capturing images from the chromosomes/chromatin ’s areas in interphase, and detecting the chromosomal abnormality and rearrangements. This potential and impressive technique with high sensitivity and specificity could detect the biomarkers of various diseases. Therefore, it is very useful for accelerating therapy and enhancing the prognosis of the disease. A glimpse at this molecular technique and focus on its effective applications confirm it as a supreme...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - December 22, 2017 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Hematological parameters of pure and reciprocal crosses of Pangasianodon hypophthalmus (Sauvage, 1878) and Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822)
AbstractComparative study on the hematological parameters of pure and reciprocal crosses of the African and Asian catfish was done to establish a reference range for fingerlings of the novel fish. Blood was collected fromClarias gariepinus (CG),Pangasianodon hypophthalmus (PH), Pangapinus ( ♀PH × ♂CG), and the two observed morphotypes (Clarias-like and Panga-like) of Clariothalmus (♀CG × ♂PH) obtained from similar breeding history. Result obtained revealed that red blood cell counts and white blood cell counts were significantly lower in Panga-like Clariothalmus (1.08  &...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - December 21, 2017 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

High-intensity interval training-induced inflammation and airway narrowing of the lung parenchyma in male maturing rats
This study examined 6  weeks of HIIT-induced inflammation and airway narrowing of the lung parenchyma in male maturing rats. All animals after 2 weeks of familiarization were divided in 3 groups of base (n = 10), HIIT (n = 10), and control (n = 10). HIIT was performed at speed of 20 m/min and ended at speed of 70 m/min (incrementally increase). Twenty-four hours after, the last training session animal was sacrificed and their lung removed. Lung samples were sectioned in 5 μm, stained with H&E, and studied histologically and histometrically. All these...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - December 21, 2017 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Protective action of aqueous leaf extract of Gazania krebsiana (Less.) ‘Asteraceae’ antagonizes isoproterenol-triggered myocardial infarction in Rattus norvegicus
AbstractGazania krebsiana (Less.) is employed traditionally as treatment in the Basotho Traditional medicine in the management of numerous ailments. The study evaluated the cardioprotective action of aqueous leaves extracts ofG. krebsiana (ALEGK) against cardiotoxicity induced by isoproterenol hydrochloride (ISP). ISP (1  mL; 60 mg kg−1 BW) dissolved in 0.9% sodium chloride was used to induce myocardial damage intraperitoneally in the experimental animals. The outcomes of pre-treatment with 1  mL of the doses (125, 250, and 500 mg kg−1 BW) of ALEGK on consumed food, water intake, b...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - December 20, 2017 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Prodorsal liposarcoma in a gyr-saker hybrid falcon ( Falco rusticolus x Falco cherrug )
AbstractAn adult female gyr-saker hybrid falcon (Falco rusticolus x Falco cherrug) was brought to our falcon medical and research hospital for evaluation of a rapidly growing mass. Physical and radiographic examination revealed a large, oval-shaped, soft tissue mass on the left prodorsal region. Hematological findings showed moderate leukocytosis and heterophilia while the results of blood biochemical analyses were within normal ranges apart from a moderate elevation of creatine phosphokinase (CPK) activity. A cursory cytological evaluation of fine-needle aspirate of the mass revealed numerous RBCs while neither inflammato...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - December 20, 2017 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Rare case of primary thyroid lymphoma of the thyroid gland
We present a case of PTL diagnosed in a 63-year -old man in our hospital. The patient complained from a rapidly enlarging cervical mass associated with dyspnea for 5 months. On physical examination, the thyroid gland size was diffusely increased with a prominence of the right side. Cervical lymphadenopathy was not palpable. The patient underwent total thyroidectomy. Histomorphologic review of the excised thyroid and immunohistochemical studies confirmed diffuse large B cell lymphoma. The patient underwent systemic chemotherapy. The diagnosis of primary thyroid lymphoma should be considered when thyroid gland size show...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - December 20, 2017 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Association between TSLP gene polymorphism and bronchial asthma in children in Beni Suef Governorate in Egypt
The objectives of this study are to study the polymorphism of the two SNPs Rs2289276 and Rs2289278 in TSLP gene and to analyze any possible relation to pediatric bronchial asthma liability in Egypt using case-control study. DNA was extracted from blood samples withdrawn from 40 asthmatic patients and 20 age- and sex-matched normal controls, then the genotypes of SNPs Rs2289276 and Rs2289278 in TSLP gene were identified with polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP), and genotypes and allele frequencies were calculated and statistically analyzed. Genotypes of Rs2289276 site in the asthmat...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - December 16, 2017 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Preoxygenation and injectable anesthesia in dog: evaluation of maintenance and recovery periods of anesthesia and hemoglobin desaturation
This study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of preoxygenation during the injectable general anesthesia in dogs and estimate the maintenance and recovery times besides measuring the time of hemoglobin desaturation following preoxygenation. Ten young healthy mix-breed dogs were selected and divided into two equal groups. They premedicated with IM administration of acepromazine. The first group received pure oxygen via face mask for 5  min just before induction of anesthesia. The other group received room air similarly. The general anesthesia was induced with IV injection of ketamine-xylazine mixture. The SpO2 chan...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - December 16, 2017 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Molecular detection of Brucella spp in goat and sheep milk samples from apparently healthy and infected animals
This study set to assess the PCR assay for the molecular recognition ofBrucella DNA in goats and sheep unpasteurized milk samples in the southeast region of Iran and to determine the frequency distribution of seasonal outbreaks. Eight hundred samples of raw milk from 722 apparently healthy animals and 78 infected animals with a history of abortion were collected from January 2015 to June 2016. In our PCR, a specific genome region, the IS711 element, was targeted to amplifyBrucella DNA, and the frequency distribution of seasonal outbreaks was determined. PCR assay amplifiedBrucella DNA in 10.85% goats and 5.45% sheep milk s...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - December 16, 2017 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Pathological and histochemical studies of the effects of cystic echinococcosis in sheep
AbstractA total of 2100 sheep, slaughtered or spontaneously dead, from various areas of Kashmir valley were screened for the presence of hydatidosis. Out of 2100 cases, 85 were positive for hydatidosis. Histopathologicallly, the cyst wall consisted of the inner germinal, middle lamellated, and outer fibrous layer. Inflammatory reaction around the cyst was variable and was characterized by an inner zone of loosely arranged fibroblasts infiltrated with mononuclear cells and densely packed fibroblasts mixed with mononuclear cells; and an outer layer of concentrically packed fibrous connective tissue. Mast cell reaction was ob...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - December 11, 2017 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Evaluation of lipid-lowering effect of Cynara scolymus extract-loaded mesoporous silica nanoparticles on ultra-lipid-fed mice
AbstractIn current investigation, twenty mice were divided into 4 different equal groups as follows: group CS which received 0.1  mlCynara scolymus extract (diluted in distilled water) at dose of 600  mg kg−1 daily for 3  weeks, group A which received 0.1 ml Atorvastatin 40 (diluted in distilled water) at dose of 20 mg kg−1 daily for 21  days, group T which received 0.1 ml ofCynara scolymus extract at dose of 600  mg kg−1 daily in nonporous (diluted in distilled water) during experimental period, and control group (group C) which received the same vol...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - December 8, 2017 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Serum protein electrophoresis reference values in the gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus )
AbstractBlood samples were collected as part of routine clinical examination procedures from 120 clinically normal gyrfalcons (Falco rusticolus) during a 4-year period between the months of September and February. Serum protein electrophoresis (SPE) was carried out to establish reference values for the species and to characterize species-specific electrophoretic patterns. The SPE analyses included measurements of pre-albumin, albumin, alpha-1, alpha-2, beta-1, beta-2, gamma globulins, and the albumin/globulin ratio. Reference intervals were determined using a quantile approach with 90% confidence intervals. Female gyrfalco...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - December 7, 2017 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Seroprevalence of orf infection based on IgM antibody detection in sheep and goats from selected small ruminant farms in Malaysia
In conclusion, this study showed that a significant number of goat populations in Selangor, Malaysia, harbor active orf infection in comparison to sheep. (Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology)
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - December 7, 2017 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Biochemical reference values for healthy captive Persian wild goat ( Capra aegagrus )
The objectives of this study were to establish reference values and to evaluate changes associated with gender and age for 22 mature, captured, clinically healthyCapra aegagrus. The reference values were obtained: glucose, 34.10 –204.90 mg/dl; urea, 11.81–49.45 mg/dl; creatinine, 0.075–2.032 mg/dl; triglyceride, 15.71–84.90 mg/dl; cholesterol, 10.02–131.30 mg/dl; total bilirubin, 0.011–0.875 mg/dl; direct bilirubin, 0.0–0.079 mg/dl; indirect bilirubin, 0.011–0.875 mg/dl; total protein, 3.294–7.460  g/dl; albumin, 2.315–...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - December 3, 2017 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Packed cell volume and bone marrow cytological responses in Trypanosoma vivax -induced acute trypanosomosis in Nigerian Sokoto Red goats
AbstractBone marrow responses have been identified as key determinants of trypanotolerance in cattle as they determine the ability for hemopoietic cell regeneration and control of anemia. However, not much is known about such responses in Nigerian breed of goats known to show different susceptibilities to trypanosome infections. Early bone marrow events associated with pathogenesis of Sokoto Red goats toTrypanosoma vivax were investigated in six goats to assess their role in susceptibility of this goat breed to trypanosomiasis. A total of six Sokoto Red goats of mixed sexes were used. While four of the goats randomly selec...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - December 2, 2017 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Clinical, morphologic, and demographic characteristics of bipartite patella in patients referred to Iranian academic clinics
AbstractIn a descriptive cross-sectional study, we evaluated clinical, morphologic, and demographic characteristics of bipartite patella (BP) in 20 patients referred to clinics affiliated to Iran University of Medical Sciences from 2011 to 2015. Simple radiography, computerized topography scanning, and magnetic resonance imaging characteristics of BP plus demographic data include age, gender, co-morbidities, and side of involvement were recorded. Male to female ratio was 17:3 (5.6) with total mean age of 39.1  ± 13.4 years. Sixteen patients (80%) had unilateral involvement, and among them right- a...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - December 1, 2017 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Clinicopathological study of tumour-like lesions of skin —a study of 238 cases
AbstractTumour-like lesions of the skin are more common than tumours of the skin and this study evaluates their pattern at a tertiary care centre in Maharashtra, India. This aim of this study was to analyse the various tumour-like lesions of the skin and to establish a clinicopathological correlation. All excision specimens received in the histopathology section of the department of pathology from January 2012 to August 2015 that were histopathologically proved to be tumour-like lesions of the skin were included in the study. The data was analysed followed by clinicopathological correlation. A total of 238 cases of tumour-...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - November 28, 2017 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Evaluation of combination therapy with hydrocortisone, vitamin C, and vitamin E in a rat model of intestine ischemia-reperfusion injury
This study was designed to use different antioxidant as hydrocortisone, vitamin C, vitamin E, and combination of them against experimental intestine ischemia-reperfusion (IR) for decrease free radical damage in soft tissue. Thirty adult male Wistar rats were selected randomly and divided into six equal groups. Group Sham: intact group, group control: IR group with 45  min of ischemia followed by 1 h of reperfusion, group vitamin C: IR plus vitamin C (50 mg/kg, IV) treatment immediately after reperfusion, group vitamin E: IR plus vitamin E (20 mg/kg, IM) treatment 15 min before reperfusion, group hy...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - November 27, 2017 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Serum biochemical values of some species of apparently healthy free-living wild birds in Zaria, Nigeria
In conclusion, there were interspecies variation s in biochemical parameters of free-living wild birds in Zaria, Nigeria. (Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology)
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - November 25, 2017 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Toxicological evaluations of aqueous extracts of two Nigerian ethnobotanicals ( Tetrapleura tetraptera and Quassia undulata ) of neurological importance in rats
AbstractTetrapleura tetraptera (TT) andQuassia undulata (QU) are two predominant ethnobotanicals commonly used in traditional medical practices for the management of neurological disorders in Nigeria. However, there is a dearth of information on the toxicological aspects of these plants. Hence, in this study, a 14-day toxicological evaluation of aqueous extracts of TT and QU were carried out in rats. The extracts were administered orally with 5, 50, 500, 2000, and 5000  mg/kg body weight. Signs of toxicity were observed every hour for the first 6 h and every day for 14 days. Mortality, clinical signs, body w...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - November 25, 2017 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Comparison of feline serum amyloid A (SAA) measurements assessed by a point-of-care test analyzer to a validated immunoturbidimetric method
This study showed that the SOLO reliably and rapidly measures SAA in feline blood specimens; however, a “de novo” reference interval should be det ermined for proper interpretation of the results. (Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology)
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - November 25, 2017 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Spontaneous white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) infection in mud crab ( Scylla serrata Forskal 1775) fattening pens farm of south east coast of India
AbstractThe white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) is one of the most serious diseases in the shrimp and crab farm. This virus disseminates very quickly and causes high mortality in culture pond, accompanied by great economic losses. Recently, high mortality of WSSV-infected mud crabs collected from M.G.R. Thittu, Cuddalore district, Tamil Nadu, south east coast of India during 2015 and 2016. A total of 283 samples collected from pens fattening ponds were tested for the presence of WSSV. Of these, a prevalence of 32.5% WSSV-infected mud crabs showed. Hence, the present study was carried to understand the reason for the mortality...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - November 22, 2017 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Determination of calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, iron, and copper contents in rooster seminal plasma and their effects on semen quality
AbstractIt has been documented that minerals affect male fertility and subsequent reproduction in human and animals. The aim of this investigation was to assess calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), phosphorus (P), iron (Fe), and copper (Cu) contents of rooster seminal plasma following normal feeding of diet and investigate their correlation with spermatozoa characteristics. Fifty-one semen samples were collected from ten roosters. Semen samples were evaluated concerning sperm motility and viability. Ca, P, Mg, Fe, and Cu contents of seminal plasma were evaluated by commercial kits. The mean concentrations of Ca, P, Mg, Fe, and Cu...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - November 22, 2017 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Povidone iodine versus silver nitrate in induction of sclerosing cholangitis in hepatic hydatid cysts surgery
AbstractThere are several scolicidal agents for inactivation of hydatid cyst protoscolices during surgery, but most of them are associated with adverse side effects such as sclerosing cholangitis and liver necrosis. The present study aims to evaluate the adverse effects of povidone iodine versus silver nitrate in producing sclerosing cholangitis in animal model. Twenty guinea pigs weighing 250 –350 g were used in this study. In one group, 0.3 ml 10% povidone iodine was used for 5 min in the biliary tree while in the second group, 0.3 ml 0.5% silver nitrate was used for the same amount of time. Aft...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - November 21, 2017 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Effect of zinc oxide nanoparticles and Bacillus coagulans as probiotic on growth, histomorphology of intestine, and immune parameters in broiler chickens
AbstractTwo hundred eighty-eight 1-day-old-male broilers were assigned to six dietary treatments to assess the influences of nanoparticles Zinc oxide (Zn-nan) and probiotic (Bacillus coagulans) supplements and their interaction on growing, histomorphology of intestine and immune parameters in chicks. Three amounts of dietary supplemental Zn source (100  mg/kg diet Zinc oxide, 25, and 50 mg/kg of diet Zn-nan) and two amounts of probiotic (0, 1010 CFU/kg of diet) were mixed as a randomized basic design with a 3 × 2 factorial experiment. The interaction effect of Zn source and probiotic wa...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - November 20, 2017 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Erythrocyte characteristics of the progenies of pure and reciprocal crosses of Pangasianodon hypophthalmus (Sauvage, 1878) and Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822)
In this study, erythrocyte characteristic of pure and reciprocal crosses of African catfishClarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822) and Asian catfishPangasianodon hypophthalmus (Sauvage, 1878) were evaluated. Blood smear was made from the progenies ofC. gariepinus (CG),P. hypophthalmus (PH), Pangapinus ( ♀PH × ♂CG) and in two morphotypes (Clarias-like and Panga-like) of Clariothalmus (♀CG × ♂PH) obtained from similar breeding history. Erythrocyte measurement of the cell and nuclear axis was done under the microscope, while many other parameters were calculated. Result obtained suggests a ...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - November 20, 2017 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Estimation of economic impacts due to hydatidosis among livestok  in Kermanshah Province, western Iran
AbstractInformation about inspection of slaughtered animals is a basic approach to review the epidemiological pattern of infectious diseases. Therefore, this study was aimed to determine the prevalence of hydatidosis as well as estimate of relevant economic losses in livestock slaughtered in Kermanshah Province, western Iran, throughout the years 2010 –2015. A total of 539,861 livestock examined; 12,413 (2.29%) were infected with hydatidosis. Overall, 4713 (3.21%) of cattle, 6720 (1.97%) of sheep, and 980 (1.86%) of goats were found to be infected with hydatidosis. The total economic loss was USD 457,582. The direct ...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - November 19, 2017 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Comparative effect of Melissa officinalis aqueous extract, sulfadimidine, and vitamin E –selenium on antioxidant parameters in rabbit experimental coccidiosis
This study was undertaken to assess the comparative effect ofMelissa officinalis aqueous extract, sulfadimidine, and vitamin E –selenium on some antioxidant parameters in experimental subclinical coccidiosis in rabbit. Forty adult Albino rabbits were alienated into five groups containing eight rabbits in each group. The control animals did not receive any infection or treatment. The remaining groups were inoculated with 1  × 104 infective oocysts ofEimeria perforans. Blood samples were collected before infection and 4, 8, 12, and 16  days post-infection (dpi) to measure antioxidant parameters...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - November 18, 2017 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

The effect of the endotoxemia on the abomasal emptying rate in suckling lambs as shown by acetaminophen absorption test
This study was done on five suckling lambs in two phases. In phase 1 (control group), the first blood sample was obtained in 7  a.m. (time zero). Then a mixture of milk, barium sulfate 70%, and acetaminophen was administered orally to each lamb. Afterwards, blood samples were obtained each 15 min up to 4 h later. Phase 2 (treatment group) was similar to phase 1, but after the first blood sampling in time zero in 7 a.m., endotoxemia was induced by administration of commercial lipopolysaccharide at dose rate of 2 μg/kg. The rest of the processes of phase 2 were similar to phase 1. Cmax, Tmax, and ...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - November 17, 2017 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

The first report of blood parasites in the birds in Fasa district, Southern Iran
AbstractTheHaemoproteus,Plasmodium,Aegyptianella, andLeucocytozoon parasites can lead to a reduction in the productivity and mortality of wild and domestic birds. The prevalence of these parasites was studied by random selection of 209 birds from different areas of Fasa district, Fars province, Southern Iran, during May to July 2015. The birds including the partridge, ostrich, quail, turkey, hen, rooster, and pigeon considered as native domestic birds and a group including of geese and ducks as migratory birds were studied. The overall prevalence of infection was 23.9%.Haemoproteus spp. (17.7%),Plasmodium spp. (1.5%), andA...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - November 17, 2017 Category: Pathology Source Type: research