Neuroergonomics: Where the Cortex Hits the Concrete

Neuroergonomics: Where the Cortex Hits the Concrete P. A. Hancock* Department of Psychology, Institute for Simulation and Training, University of Central, Orlando, FL, United States Introduction This present article considers the nature and impact of the vital contributions of Raja Parasuraman and the way in which his brain-child–neuroergonomics–has begun to flourish and blossom in our contemporary world. By unlocking the secrets of brain activity and then finding mechanisms and technologies to elaborate such processes more directly into the world, he has provided us with a clear vision for the future of human-machine interaction. However, it always useful to start by consider antitheses. Thus, I begin my present exploration with the view from radical behaviorism, in some ways the opposite side of the coin from neuroergonomics. To behaviorist researchers, particularly if they are motivated by a utilitarian approach to the world, what happens in the brain may be considered of only passing, rather than vital, interest. This is not to say even the most ardent behaviorist denies the reality of cortical events; for that would be to misrepresent their position (see Watson, 1913; Chiesa, 1994). No, the simple fact is that for some such researchers, if you are able to predict, within a reasonable degree of tolerance, what behavioral sequelae derive from a particular set of environmental cues, then the knowledge of the intervening cortical activity can appear...
Source: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Related Links:

Contributors : Chao Yang ; Jason R Siebert ; Robert Burns ; Zachary J Gerbec ; Benedetta Bonacci ; Amy Rymaszewski ; Mary Rau ; Matthew J Riese ; Sridhar Rao ; Karen-Sue Carlson ; John M Routes ; James W Verbsky ; Monica S Thakar ; Subramaniam MalarkannanSeries Type : Expression profiling by high throughput sequencingOrganism : Homo sapiensNatural killer (NK) cells are critical to both innate and adaptive immunity. However, the development and heterogeneity of human NK cells are yet to be fully-defined. Using single-cell RNA-sequencing technology, we identify distinct NK subsets in human bone marrow and blood. We define a ...
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by high throughput sequencing Homo sapiens Source Type: research
Source: ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research - Category: Health Management Tags: ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to provide contemporary sex-stratified evidence on patterns of ChEI use by community-dwelling older adults with dementia to inform opportunities to optimize drug prescribing.MethodsWe conducted a population-based cross-sectional study examining ChEI use in older adults with dementia in Ontario, Canada. We identified all community-dwelling individuals aged 66 years and older with a pre-existing diagnosis of dementia as of 1 April, 2016. We examined the prevalence of ChEI use among women and men separately, and explored the association between ChEI use and age, sex, income status, geographic l...
Source: Drugs and Aging - Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research
ConclusionsOur scoping review found the majority of published articles described chiropractic services in the active duty military in the US setting. Recent RCTs suggest a benefit of including chiropractic care to usual medical care in managing back pain in active duty military. Yet despite reported benefits in Australia, Canada, and the US, there is a need for further qualitative, descriptive, and clinical trial data worldwide to inform the role of chiropractic services in active duty military.
Source: Chiropractic and Manual Therapies - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
AbstractOsteoarthritis (OA) is a common cause of chronic pain and disability. Regenerative therapies using mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) provide an option for OA treatment as it could potentially regenerate the damaged cartilage. Bone marrow, adipose tissue and synovium are common MSC sources. The aim is to compare the therapeutic effect of MSCs from bone marrow, adipose tissue and synovium; combining its differentiation potential and accessibility, to decide the optimal source of MSCs for the treatment of knee OA. A comparison of preclinical and clinical studies using MSCs has been made with regard to treatment outcomes, ...
Source: Cell and Tissue Research - Category: Cytology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 July 2019Source: Journal of Herbal MedicineAuthor(s): Swati Vyas, S.L. Kothari, Sumita KachhwahaAbstractWith the rise in the ageing population in the last few decades, dementia has emerged as a serious global health issue. Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common type of dementia. Despite extensive drug development research, only a limited number of FDA-approved drugs are available for AD. As these drugs provide symptomatic relief only and are frequently associated with adverse effects, there remains an urgent need for developing alternative approaches to AD therapeutics. Several me...
Source: Journal of Herbal Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
Dr Elzbieta Kuzma, at the University of Exeter Medical School, said the study was the first to analyse the extent to which you may offset your genetic risk of dementia by living a healthy lifestyle.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 13 July 2019Source: Materials Science and Engineering: AAuthor(s): Amit K. Verma, Wei-Heng Huang, Jeffery A. Hawk, Laura S. Bruckman, Roger H. French, Vyacheslav Romanov, Jennifer L.W. CarterAbstractData science techniques were used to quantify the effect of alloying additions on the tensile behavior of martensitic steels. The effort was undertaken to exploit the heritage data to establish the next experimental design space for the class of 9–12 wt% Cr steels for the application of turbine rotors with an operating temperature of 650 ∘C and above. Linear, lasso, and multivariate ...
Source: Materials Science and Engineering: A - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 July 2019Source: Journal of Materials Science &TechnologyAuthor(s): Evan J. Pineda, Marek Fassin, Stefanie Reese, Jaan-Willem SimonAbstractThree different multiscale models, based on the method of cells (generalized and high fidelity) micromechanics models were developed and used to predict the elastic properties of C/C-SiC composites. In particular, the following multiscale modeling strategies were employed: Concurrent modeling of all phases using the generalized method of cells, synergistic (two-way coupling in space) multiscale modeling with the generalized method of cells, and ...
Source: Journal of Materials Science and Technology - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
Conclusions: The proposed two-level ICA is an effective multi-variate analysis method for both steady-state and transient analysis of task data.
Source: Journal of Neuroscience Methods - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
More News: Academia | Alzheimer's | Bleeding | Brain | Burns | Cambridge University | Cardiology | Child Abuse | Child Development | Children | Computers | Conferences | Databases & Libraries | Dementia | Disability | Employment | Environmental Health | France Health | Germany Health | Heart | Heart Transplant | Learning | Legislation | Medical Ethics | Men | MRI Scan | Neurology | Neuroscience | Oxford University | Psychology | Reproduction Medicine | Research | Science | Training | Universities & Medical Training | USA Health | Warnings