Advances in paediatrics in 2016: current practices and challenges in allergy, autoimmune diseases, cardiology, endocrinology, gastroenterology, infectious diseases, neonatology, nephrology, neurology, nutrition, pulmonology
AbstractThis review reports main progresses in various pediatric issues published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics and in international journals in 2016. New insights in clinical features or complications of several disorders may be useful for our better understanding. They comprise severe asthma, changing features of lupus erythematosus from birth to adolescence, celiac disease, functional gastrointestinal disorders, Moebius syndrome, recurrent pneumonia. Risk factors for congenital heart defects, Kawasaki disease have been widely investigated. New diagnostic tools are available for ascertaining brucellosis, celiac disease and viral infections. The usefulness of aCGH as first-tier test is confirmed in patients with neurodevelopmental disorders. Novel information have been provided on the safety of milk for infants. Recent advances in the treatment of common disorders, including neonatal respiratory distress syndrome, hypo-glycemia in newborns, atopic dermatitis, constipation, cyclic vomiting syndrome, nephrotic syndrome, diabetes mellitus, regurgitation, short stature, secretions in children with cerebral palsy have been reported. Antipyretics treatment has been updated by national guidelines and studies have excluded side effects (e.g. asthma risk during acetaminophen therapy). Vaccinations are a painful event and several options are reported to prevent this pain. Adverse effects due to metabolic abnormalities are reported for second generation antipsychotic drugs.
Publication date: Available online 19 July 2019Source: American Journal of Kidney DiseasesAuthor(s): Jonathan J. Hogan, Miriam Priya Alexander, Nelson LeungDysproteinemic kidney diseases occur when B- or plasma cell clones produce pathogenic monoclonal immunoglobulins or light chains that cause kidney damage. The clinical presentation of these disorders ranges from sub–nephrotic-range proteinuria or microscopic hematuria with preserved kidney function to severe nephrotic syndrome to severe acute kidney injury or rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis. These monoclonal immunoglobulins can cause a variety of histologic...
ConclusionsRemission of type 2 diabetes 5 years after bariatric surgery was associated with improvements in albuminuria and stabilized prognostic risk for CKD, but not with eGFR. Lower kidney function and greater prognostic risk at the time of bariatric surgery was linked to a lower likelihood of diabetes remission. These results highlight the need to identify the mechanisms through which bariatric surgery may delay the long-term progression of CKD in type 2 diabetes.
ConclusionThese results highlight areas that local units can focus on to reduce their litigation burden. Targeted initiatives aimed at improving patient-clinician communication, the consent process and improving local organisational efficiency will address a significant proportion of claims. Re-examination of this data on a regular basis can serve as a useful adjunct in assessing the impact of quality improvement initiatives and implementation of best practiseswithin the speciality.
ConclusionThis case is one of few cases reported in the literature highlighting the rarity of this injury pattern.
ConclusionThe incidence of midline and lateral port site recurrence after laparoscopy for diagnosis or resection of ovarian cancer has not been determined. Limitation of trochar sites to the midline may reduce the extent of abdominal wall disease spread.
ConclusionThere is some previous caution in using a laparoscopic approach for cystic masses due to potential seeding intra-operatively, in case of fluid spillage of a possible malignant neoplasm. We show through our case that it is possible to efficiently and safely use such an approach.
ConclusionThe report aims at pointing out the possibility of undergoing this kind of surgery not only in case of pulmonary mass (on which the previous literature has focused) but also when mediastinum lesions occur, as in our case.
Publication date: Available online 19 July 2019Source: Journal of Science and Medicine in SportAuthor(s): Eduardo Martinez-Valdes, Fiona Wilson, Neil Fleming, Sarah-Jane McDonnell, Alex Horgan, Deborah FallaAbstractObjectivesDespite the high prevalence of low back pain (LBP) in rowers, there are few studies investigating changes in lumbar muscle activation in rowers with a recent history of LBP. Such knowledge is relevant to understand potential mechanisms contributing to the maintenance and recurrence of LBP in rowers. For the first time, we evaluate the spatial distribution of erector spinae (ES) activity in rowers with ...
ConclusionThese findings suggest that miR-146a-5p could be a potential diagnostic biomarker in SLE and may implicate a functional role in the pathophysiology of the ocular manifestations in the disease.
This report provides an overview of the ARIA masterclass concept, summarizes the key lectures and discussions, and gives an outline of the future key development. PMID: 31322142 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
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