Symptomatic malignant spinal cord compression in children: a single-center experience
Malignant spinal cord compression (MSCC) is associated withpoor prognosis and may lead to permanent paralysis, sensory loss, and sphincter dysfunction. Very limited data are available on incidence and etiology... (Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics - July 12, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Lucia De Martino, Piero Spennato, Simona Vetrella, Maria Capasso, Carolina Porfito, Serena Ruotolo, Massimo Eraldo Abate, Giuseppe Cinalli and Lucia Quaglietta Tags: Research Source Type: research

The correlation of functional pain and psychological distress: a study in Italian school students
Functional Pain (not detectable organic cause) is often associated with psychological problems and, according to literature, it can lead to severe manifestations. (Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics - July 12, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Margherita Lo Curto, Maria Cristina Maggio, Fabio Campisi and Giovanni Corsello Tags: Research Source Type: research

Symptomatic malignant spinal cord compression in children: a single-center experience
ConclusionsThe natural history of MSCC in children is associated to permanent paralysis, sensory loss, and sphincter dysfunction, thus prompt diagnosis and correct management are needed to minimize morbidity. Treatment strategies differed widely among cancer types and study groups in the absence of optimal evidence-based treatment guidelines. When the diagnosis is uncertain, surgery provides an opportunity to biopsy the lesion in addition to treating the mass. (Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics - July 12, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

The correlation of functional pain and psychological distress: a study in Italian school students
AbstractBackgroundFunctional Pain (not detectable organic cause) is often associated with psychological problems and, according to literature, it can lead to severe manifestations.The purpose of the study was to investigate the correlation between functional pain and psychological disagreement, in a series of school students.MethodsAn observational questionnaire-based study was performed.A questionnaire was given to a group of students of primary school; the following data were collected in the questionnaire: a) sex and age; b) functional pain; c) relation with relatives, teachers and schoolfellows: d) school failure.Stati...
Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics - July 12, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Unilateral testicular enlargement in a teenager with Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome: a case report
Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome (BWS) is a rare congenital overgrowth disorder. A major feature is lateralized overgrowth, which can variably involve a single body district up to the entire hemisome. Visceral asym... (Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics - July 10, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Maria Chiara Pellegrin, Alessandro Mauro Spinelli, Gianluca Tornese and Egidio Barbi Tags: Case report Source Type: research

Unilateral testicular enlargement in a teenager with Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome: a case report
ConclusionsAt the best of our knowledge, this is the first detailed report of unilateral testicular overgrowth in BWS. We revised common causes of painless unilateral scrotal masses in the pediatric age. Considering both the overall frequency of neoplasia and the malignancies predisposition in BWS, a testicular cancer should be carefully ruled out through a close follow-up, before stating a benign condition. A normal ultrasound pattern, together with normal serum hormonal levels and negative tumor markers, make testicular neoplasms highly unlikely. (Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics - July 10, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Diagnostic accuracy of procalcitonin for overall and complicated acute appendicitis in children: a meta-analysis
Diagnostic value of procalcitonin (PCT) for acute appendicitis (AA) has been evaluated in adult patients, but the application in children remains controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagno... (Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics - July 9, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Wei Cui, Haipeng Liu, Hong Ni, Xianhui Qin and Liran Zhu Tags: Review Source Type: research

Diagnostic accuracy of procalcitonin for overall and complicated acute appendicitis in children: a meta-analysis
ConclusionThis meta-analysis showed that PCT may have potential value in diagnosing pediatric AA. Moreover, PCT had greater diagnostic value in identifying pediatric complicated appendicitis. (Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics - July 9, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Effects of single and combined water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) interventions on nutritional status of children: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Under nutrition is linked with poor water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) condition. However, there is conflicting evidence on the effect of WASH on nutritional status of children. This review was, therefore, c... (Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics - July 4, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Zemichael Gizaw and Alemayehu Worku Tags: Review Source Type: research

Effects of single and combined water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) interventions on nutritional status of children: a systematic review and meta-analysis
ConclusionWASH interventions were significantly associated with increased mean height-for-age-z score in under 5 years old children. The effect of WASH on linear growth is markedly different with age and types of interventions, either single or combined. Implementing combined WASH interventions has a paramount benefit to improve nutritional status of children. (Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics - July 4, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Physical, psychological and social impact of school violence on children
Violence against children includes all forms of violence against people under 18  years old whether perpetrated by parents or other caregivers, peers, partners, teacher or strangers. This is a public health, hu... (Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics - June 27, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Pietro Ferrara, Giulia Franceschini, Alberto Villani and Giovanni Corsello Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Physical, psychological and social impact of school violence on children
AbstractViolence against children includes all forms of violence against people under 18  years old whether perpetrated by parents or other caregivers, peers, partners, teacher or strangers. This is a public health, human rights, and social problem: levels of violence against children are frightfully high and it is estimated that up to 1 billion children aged 2–17 years, have expe rienced a type of violence. Very few studies provided physical violence perpetrated at school but it can have a physical impact, causing psychological distress, permanent physical disability and long-term physical or mental il...
Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics - June 27, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Eye movement desensitisation and reprocessing (EMDR) treatment associated with parent management training (PMT) for the acute symptoms in a patient with PANDAS syndrome: a case report
The purpose of this report was to present the results of eye movement desensitisation and reprocessing (EMDR) therapy associated with parent management training (PMT) in a child with paediatric autoimmune neur... (Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics - June 26, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Cristiana A. Guido, Anna Maria Zicari, Marzia Duse and Alberto Spalice Tags: Case report Source Type: research

A survey around the Italian pediatric units on current clinical practice for Sleep Disordered Breathing (SDB)
During recent years, interest on Sleep Disordered Breathing (SDB) in pediatric age has increased, due to the impact on quality of life, psycho-physical attitude and other serious morbidities if undiagnosed and... (Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics - June 26, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: L. Nosetti, M. G. Paglietti, L. Brunetti, L. Masini, S. La Grutta, G. Cilluffo, M. Zaffanello, E. Verrillo, M. Pavone, A. C. Niespolo, G. Broggi and R. Cutrera Tags: Research Source Type: research

A survey around the Italian pediatric units on current clinical practice for Sleep Disordered Breathing (SDB)
ConclusionsThe results of our study showed a heterogeneity in the diagnosis and treatment of SDB throughout Italy. Parents know little about SDB and their complications. The operator satisfaction was associated with the availability of tools for diagnosing SDB. (Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics - June 26, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Eye movement desensitisation and reprocessing (EMDR) treatment associated with parent management training (PMT) for the acute symptoms in a patient with PANDAS syndrome: a case report
ConclusionsFollowing eight sessions of EMDR, preceded by training sessions with the parents, the child showed a significant reduction in symptoms and disappearance of the exacerbation. These results indicate the possibility of improving the treatment outcomes of patients with PANDAS by a combined approach using both antibiotic and EMDR therapies. (Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics - June 26, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Extreme thrombocytosis in systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis. A case report
Systemic onset juvenile idiopathic arthritis (SoJIA) is a rare inflammatory disorder characterized by remitting fevers, evanescent rash, generalized lymphadenopathy, hepatomegaly/splenomegaly, and/or serositis. (Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics - June 24, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Alessandra Iacono, Monica Sprocati, Anna Lisa Giuliani, Francesco Di Virgilio, Caterina Borgna-Pignatti and Giuseppe Maggiore Tags: Case report Source Type: research

Extreme thrombocytosis in systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis. A case report
ConclusionThe excellent response to treatment with the IL-1 β receptor antagonist, suggests a key pathogenic role of IL-1β in thrombocytosis as well as in the associated systemic symptoms of inflammation. (Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics - June 24, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Mutation profile of BBS genes in patients with Bardet –Biedl syndrome: an Italian study
Bardet –Biedl syndrome (BBS) is a rare inherited multisystemic disorder with autosomal recessive or complex digenic triallelic inheritance. There is currently no treatment for BBS, but some morbidities can be m... (Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics - June 13, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Elena Manara, Stefano Paolacci, Fabiana D ’Esposito, Andi Abeshi, Lucia Ziccardi, Benedetto Falsini, Leonardo Colombo, Giancarlo Iarossi, Alba Pilotta, Loredana Boccone, Giulia Guerri, Marica Monica, Balzarini Marta, Paolo Enrico Maltese, Luca Buzzonett Tags: Research Source Type: research

Mutation profile of BBS genes in patients with Bardet –Biedl syndrome: an Italian study
ConclusionsNGS is a powerful tool that can help understanding BBS patients ’ phenotype through the identification of mutations that could explain differences in phenotype severity and could provide insights for the development of targeted therapy. Furthermore, our results support the existence of additional BBS loci yet to be identified. (Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics - June 13, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Correction to: Newborn screening in mucopolysaccharidoses
The original article contains an unintended omission of a statement of competing interests. As such, the authors would like to declare the following complete statement of competing interests: (Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics - June 11, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Maria Alice Donati, Elisabetta Pasquini, Marco Spada, Giulia Polo and Alberto Burlina Tags: Correction Source Type: research

Latency period and early initiation of breastfeeding in term premature rupture of membrane in Southern Ethiopia, 2017
World Health Organization recommended timely initiation of breastfeeding within the first hour of delivery. Less than half of newborn babies (43%) receive the benefits of immediate breastfeeding in the world. ... (Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics - June 7, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Yinager Workineh and Teklemariam Gultie Tags: Research Source Type: research

Latency period and early initiation of breastfeeding in term premature rupture of membrane in Southern Ethiopia, 2017
AbstractBackgroundWorld Health Organization recommended timely initiation of breastfeeding within the first hour of delivery. Less than half of newborn babies (43%) receive the benefits of immediate breastfeeding in the world. In East Africa and Ethiopia, the prevalence of early initiation of breastfeeding was 61.82 and 73%, respectively. But, the prevalence of early initiation of breastfeeding was not assessed in relation to the duration of term premature rupture of the membrane in Ethiopia. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the effect of the latency period of term premature rupture of the membrane on early i...
Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics - June 7, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

New high intensity fibreoptic phototherapy devices in healthy newborns: a single pad wrapped around the neonate body in comparison with a double pad device
Fibreoptic Phototherapy (FPT) allows to lower total serum bilirubin (TSB) levels in healthy neonates maintained in rooming-in with their mothers. The 2004 Cochrane review showed that, differently from preterm ... (Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics - June 6, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: R. Luciano, G. Mancini, F. Cota, A. Romano, V. Purcaro, F. Lerro, M. Corsello and G. Vento Tags: Research Source Type: research

Severe anaemia after gastric biopsy in an infant with eosinophilic gastritis
Eosinophilic gastrointestinal disorders (EGID) are characterized by eosinophilic inflammation and are subclassified according to the affected site(s) as eosinophilic esophagitis, eosinophilic gastritis, eosino... (Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics - June 6, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Alessandro Daidone, Egidio Barbi, Vincenzo Villanacci and Grazia Di Leo Tags: Case report Source Type: research

Severe anaemia after gastric biopsy in an infant with eosinophilic gastritis
ConclusionsA clinically relevant anaemia is a quite rare complication in infants with eosinophilic gastritis and a biopsy may worsen bleeding, to a potentially severe level of low haemoglobin. In infants with low haemoglobin levels and suspect eosinophilic gastritis a watchful follow up after the biopsy should be considered, as well as the possibility of postponing the biopsy to reduce the bleeding risk. (Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics - June 6, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

New high intensity fibreoptic phototherapy devices in healthy newborns: a single pad wrapped around the neonate body in comparison with a double pad device
AbstractBackgroundFibreoptic Phototherapy (FPT) allows to lower total serum bilirubin (TSB) levels in healthy neonates maintained in rooming-in with their mothers. The 2004 Cochrane review showed that, differently from preterm neonates, FPT was not as effective as traditional phototherapy in term neonates (TN), unless the simultaneous utilization of two FPT devices. Aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of two FPT devices, both equipped with a single light-emitting diode (LED): the first one has a single large pad wrapped around the infant body (Bilisoft, GE Health Care) (device A), the second one is a double-pad p...
Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics - June 6, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

X-linked hypophosphatemic rickets: an Italian experts ’ opinion survey
X-linked hypophosphatemic rickets (XLH) is the first cause of inherited hypophosphatemia and is caused by mutation in the PHEX gene, resulting in excessive expression of the phosphaturic factor FGF23. Symptoms ar... (Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics - May 31, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: F. Emma, M. Cappa, F. Antoniazzi, M. L. Bianchi, I. Chiodini, C. Eller Vainicher, N. Di Iorgi, M. Maghnie, A. Cassio, A. Balsamo, F. Baronio, L. de Sanctis, D. Tessaris, G. I. Baroncelli, S. Mora, M. L. Brandi & hellip; Tags: Research Source Type: research

X-linked hypophosphatemic rickets: an Italian experts ’ opinion survey
ConclusionsXLH remains a severe condition with significant morbidities. (Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics - May 31, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Ovotesticular differences of sex development: male or female? Case series
The choice of the sex of rearing in patients with ovotesticular differences of sex development (OT-DSD) is difficult. The final decision should be given by the patient himself or herself, but families ’ opinion... (Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics - May 30, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Maria-Grazia Scarpa, Arianna Lesma, Massimo Di Grazia and Waifro Rigamonti Tags: Case report Source Type: research

Ovotesticular differences of sex development: male or female? Case series
ConclusionsRecent trends suggest of postponing surgery to involve the patient in the decision. Child ’s well-being is the goal of therapy. When medical and psychological support is not able to force parents to accept a child suffering from genital ambiguity, we think that it is better to opt for reversible medical/surgical treatments rather than allowing patients to grow up within a family that does not accept them. (Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics - May 30, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Effects of an intervention to prevent the bullying in first-grade secondary schools of Palermo, Italy: the BIAS study
This study investigates the prevalence of bullying and the short-term effects on students ’ bullying perceptio... (Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics - May 27, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Claudio Costantino, Alessandra Casuccio, Claudia Marotta, Stefania Enza Bono, Gianmarco Ventura, Walter Mazzucco, Francesco Vitale and Vincenzo Restivo Tags: Research Source Type: research

Effects of an intervention to prevent the bullying in first-grade secondary schools of Palermo, Italy: the BIAS study
ConclusionsEven if many school-based interventions have been implemented to reduce school bullying throughout the world, this is one of the first conducted in Europe and it assesses the effectiveness among students of an anti-bullying intervention tailored for teachers. The encouraging results in reducing the number of bullying episodes together with the low cost in terms of human and economic resources could suggest an extension of this research on a regional/national scale. (Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics - May 27, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Vernal Keratoconjunctivitis: an update focused on clinical grading system
Vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC) is a severe disease with a prevalence of (Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics - May 21, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: A. M. Zicari, G. Capata, M. Nebbioso, G. De Castro, F. Midulla, L. Leonardi, L. Loffredo, A. Spalice, L. Perri and M. Duse Tags: Review Source Type: research

Vernal Keratoconjunctivitis: an update focused on clinical grading system
AbstractIntroductionVernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC) is a severe disease with a prevalence of
Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics - May 21, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Prevalence of antibiotic use in a tertiary care hospital in Italy, 2008 –2016
Few data are available about temporal trends of antibiotic use in hospitalized children. The aim of the current study was to investigate the pattern and trends of antibiotic use over the years 2008 –2016 in the... (Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics - May 20, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Marta Luisa Ciofi degli Atti, Carmen D ’Amore, Jacopo Ceradini, Valerio Paolini, Gaetano Ciliento, Giuseppe Chessa and Massimiliano Raponi Tags: Research Source Type: research

Prevalence of antibiotic use in a tertiary care hospital in Italy, 2008 –2016
AbstractBackgroundFew data are available about temporal trends of antibiotic use in hospitalized children. The aim of the current study was to investigate the pattern and trends of antibiotic use over the years 2008 –2016 in the largest children’s hospital in Italy.MethodsAnnual point prevalence surveys of antibiotic use were conducted by reviewing medical charts of 0 –17 year-old children hospitalized for ≥48 h. Prevalence of antibiotic use was computed by year, type of ward and indication. Trends in prevalence over time were evaluated using the Cochrane-Armitage test. Possibile determin...
Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics - May 20, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Adolescent selfie: an Italian Society of Paediatrics survey of the lifestyle of teenagers
Epidemiological studies worldwide indicate that teenagers are at risk of internalizing and externalizing problems that persist into adulthood. In our country, there are few epidemiological studies on adolescen... (Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics - May 17, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Martina Smorti, Annarita Milone, Jos é Gonzalez Gonzalez and Giovanni Vitali Rosati Tags: Research Source Type: research

Adolescent selfie: an Italian Society of Paediatrics survey of the lifestyle of teenagers
ConclusionsIt is critical to make paediatricians and schools aware of the main points to improve prevention and healthcare in the teenage population. To our knowledge, this is the first study in the Italian context to enrol more than 11,000 adolescents. (Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics - May 17, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Polymorphic variants (p.Ser141Ser and p.Arg737Gly) at the NAGLU gene are really indicative of pseudodeficiency alleles?
Filocamo et al. recently published a paper describing the presence of a pseudodeficiency allele, constituted by p.Ser141Ser and p.Arg737Gly polymorphisms at the NAGLU gene, which leads to a reduced level of the a... (Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics - May 14, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Diana Rojas Malaga, Sandra Leistner-Segal and Ana Carolina Brusius-Facchin Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

The role of miR-29c/B7-H3/Th17 axis in children with Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia
Mycoplasma pneumoniae (M. pneumoniae) is one of the most common causes of community-acquired pneumonia in children. Recent studies demonstrated that the incidence of severe or fatal M. pneumoniae was gradually in... (Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics - May 14, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Qing-ling Li, Yin-yin Wu, Hui-ming Sun, Wen-jing Gu, Xin-xing Zhang, Mei-juan Wang, Yong-dong Yan, Chuang-li Hao, Wei Ji and Zheng-rong Chen Tags: Research Source Type: research

The role of miR-29c/B7-H3/Th17 axis in children with Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia
This study aimed to reveal the role of miR-29c/B7-H3/Th17 axis in children with MPP.MethodsChildren hospitalized in Respiratory Department during Jan. 2014 to Dec. 2015 were enrolled. All children enrolled was confirmed with MP infection using real-time PCR and ELISA. Children were excluded if they were co-infected with other pathogens. A total of 52 children with MPP and 26 controls were enrolled. miR-29c expression in monocytes of children with MPP was determined by real-time PCR and soluble B7-H3 (sB7-H3) and IL-17 were determined by ELISA, and explore their clinical significance. miR-29c overexpression and silencing te...
Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics - May 14, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Polymorphic variants (p.Ser141Ser and p.Arg737Gly) at the NAGLU gene are really indicative of pseudodeficiency alleles?
AbstractFilocamo et al. recently published a paper describing the presence of a pseudodeficiency allele, constituted by p.Ser141Ser and p.Arg737Gly polymorphisms at theNAGLU gene, which leads to a reduced level of the alpha-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminidase activity. Based on analysis performed in Brazilian patients, using a customized gene panel containingSGSH,NAGLU,HGSNAT andGNS we observed that p.Ser141Ser (rs659497) and p.Arg737Gly (rs86312) variants were present in homozygosis in all of our MPS IIIB patients and in the majority of MPS IIIA, IIIC and IIID patients, and there was no significant decrease of the alpha-N-acetyl-D...
Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics - May 14, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Serum catalase, thiol and myeloperoxidase levels in children passively exposed to cigarette smoke
Free radicals found in cigarette smoke can harm all tissues and cellular structures in the human body. Passive smoking increases free radical production, leads to the depletion of antioxidants and increases ox... (Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics - May 9, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Emel Torun, Feyza Ustabas Kahraman, Ahmet Zaid Goksu, Aysel Vahapoglu and Zeynep Ebru Cakin Tags: Research Source Type: research

Serum catalase, thiol and myeloperoxidase levels in children passively exposed to cigarette smoke
ConclusionsOur findings suggest that the effects of passive smoking initially influence oxidants (MPO), but not antioxidants (thiol and catalase). However, it is apparent that passive smoking adversely affects oxidative balance in children and this may lead to the development of various diseases which could cause significant morbidity and mortality. (Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics - May 9, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Adrenal hemorrhage in newborn: how, when and why- from case report to literature review
Neonatal adrenal hemorrhage is a relatively uncommon condition (0.2 –0.55%). Various risk factors have been reported in addition to birth asphyxia, such as sepsis, coagulation disorders, traumatic delivery, and... (Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics - May 8, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: M. S. Toti, P. Ghirri, A. Bartoli, C. Caputo, E. Laudani, F. Masoni, L. Mele and R. Bernardini Tags: Case report Source Type: research

Adrenal hemorrhage in newborn: how, when and why- from case report to literature review
ConclusionsThis case emphasizes the importance of keeping a non-interventional attitude, avoiding early surgery but carrying out a serial sonographic follow-up. Serial ultrasound monitoring is the most reliable approach during conservative management. (Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics - May 8, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Pilot study for the understanding and use of probiotics by different paediatric healthcare professionals working in different European countries
Consumers ’ conviction of the benefits of probiotics is influenced by their existing beliefs and by the information they receive from healthcare professionals. The attitude of healthcare professionals towards c... (Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics - May 3, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Massimo Pettoello-Mantovani, F ügen Çullu Çokuğraş, Mehmet Vural, Julije Mestrovic, Luigi Nigri, Ruggiero Piazzolla, Ida Giardino, Michele Conoscitore and Leyla Namazova-Baranova Tags: Research Source Type: research

Pilot study for the understanding and use of probiotics by different paediatric healthcare professionals working in different European countries
ConclusionsThe results emphasize the importance for healthcare professionals to be properly educated and updated on probiotics. An improved knowledge about probiotics led to increased prescriptive confidence. To disseminate accurate information on probiotics, healthcare professionals look for appropriate and scientifically validated educational platforms to acquire information, explore concerns and barriers and look for positive approaches towards recommending probiotics. (Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics - May 3, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research