What Causes Hyperphosphatemia?

Discussion Constipation is a common problem in general pediatrics and its causes are numerous. It can cause acute and recurrent abdominal pain and is a cause of abdominal distention. Patients who are young, whose presentations are other than routine or who had complications should be invested for underlying causes of their constipation. This patient had undergone some evaluations in the past for constipation but because of the presentation of sepsis a more rigorous evaluation was undertaken. The differential diagnoses of the following can be found here: constipation, acute abdominal pain, recurrent abdominal pain, and abdominal distention. Hyperphosphatemia caused by retention of oral phosphate containing medications and hypertonic sodium phosphate enemas are known causes of hyperphosphatemia. Phosphate-containing medications are used because the hyperosmolarity draws fluid into the intestinal lumen which stimulates peristalsis. Usually the phosphate and fluid are then evacuated. However, the phosphate can be absorbed, particularly if there is lack of bowel integrity, with resulting hyperphosphatemia. With rising concentrations of phosphate, calcium is bound causing hypocalcemia both extracellualrly and intracellularly. Hyperphosphatemia also inhibits Vitamin D hydroxylation and inhibits reabsorption of calcium in the bone. While hypocalcemia is the most common secondary problem due to hyperphosphatemia, hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia and hypoglycemia can also occur. Phosphate ...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

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We present a 23-month-old girl with WBS (confirmed with fluorescent in situ hybridization probes) who presented with acute renal failure with severe symptomatic hypercalcemia and nephrocalcinosis, which responded to two infusions of pamidronate. PMID: 30325132 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The Turkish Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Turk J Pediatr Source Type: research
In this report, a 16-year-old boy presented with jaundice, nausea, vomiting and reduced urine output. He developed severe acute renal/hepatic damage due to abuse of gas products. Since toluene is the main toxic agent involved in glue sniffing which is metabolized to hippuric acid, the present case was treated with continuous hemodiafiltration, plasma exchange and conservative therapy to eliminate hippuric acid. The jaundice gradually disappeared, he had complete recovery of renal/hepatic functions in ten days. We aimed to increase the awareness among emergency physicians that ``glue sniffing` should be considered in the di...
Source: The Turkish Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Turk J Pediatr Source Type: research
In this study, we aimed to evaluate the diagnostic performance of ultrasonography, the Alvarado score, mean platelet volume and C-reactive protein in the diagnosis of acute appendicitis. Patients admitted to the pediatric emergency department with abdominal pain who were operated on with a preliminary diagnosis of acute appendicitis were evaluated. The patients who had acute appendicitis diagnosis in the histopathological assessment were considered as the Appendicitis (App) Group, while patients who did not have acute appendicitis according to histopathology were considered as the Non-app Group. Of 200 patients assessed in...
Source: The Turkish Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Turk J Pediatr Source Type: research
This study suggested that GP and RLS are not more common in pediatric FMF patients than their healthy peers. PMID: 30325122 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The Turkish Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Turk J Pediatr Source Type: research
In this study; we aimed to analyze the demographic characteristics, etiology, outcome and incidence of AP among hospitalized children in our center. Medical records of the children with AP since January 2005 were analyzed from hospital files (N=63). Major etiologies were systemic diseases (14.3%), trauma (11.1%), cholelithiasis (9.5%); 54% (N=34) of the patients had mild AP, while 28.6% (N=18) had moderately severe AP and 17.4% (N=11) had severe AP. Organ dysfunction was found in 11 patients (17.4%) at initial examination. During the follow-up period (68.1±24.3 months), 10 patients (15.9%) experienced 24 recurring A...
Source: The Turkish Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Turk J Pediatr Source Type: research
PROSTATE cancer symptoms don ’t always appear in the early stages until the tumour has grown and put pressure on other parts of the body. When this happens, pain in certain parts of the body may begin to show.
Source: Daily Express - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
VITAMIN D deficiency is a common condition during the autumn and winter months, but how do you know if you have it? Pressing a certain part of the body to see if you feel pain can be one of the symptoms.
Source: Daily Express - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
PROSTATE cancer symptoms don ’t always appear in the early stages until the tumour has grown and put pressure on other parts of the body. When this happens, pain in certain parts of the body may begin to show.
Source: Daily Express - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Publication date: November 2018Source: European Journal of Surgical Oncology, Volume 44, Issue 11Author(s): Yvette Jaffe, Juan McDonnell, Fawzia Imtiaz-Crosbie, Victor Jaffe
Source: European Journal of Surgical Oncology (EJSO) - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
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Source: Skeletal Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
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