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What Causes Hyperphosphatemia?

Discussion Constipation is a common problem in general pediatrics and its causes are numerous. It can cause acute and recurrent abdominal pain and is a cause of abdominal distention. Patients who are young, whose presentations are other than routine or who had complications should be invested for underlying causes of their constipation. This patient had undergone some evaluations in the past for constipation but because of the presentation of sepsis a more rigorous evaluation was undertaken. The differential diagnoses of the following can be found here: constipation, acute abdominal pain, recurrent abdominal pain, and abdominal distention. Hyperphosphatemia caused by retention of oral phosphate containing medications and hypertonic sodium phosphate enemas are known causes of hyperphosphatemia. Phosphate-containing medications are used because the hyperosmolarity draws fluid into the intestinal lumen which stimulates peristalsis. Usually the phosphate and fluid are then evacuated. However, the phosphate can be absorbed, particularly if there is lack of bowel integrity, with resulting hyperphosphatemia. With rising concentrations of phosphate, calcium is bound causing hypocalcemia both extracellualrly and intracellularly. Hyperphosphatemia also inhibits Vitamin D hydroxylation and inhibits reabsorption of calcium in the bone. While hypocalcemia is the most common secondary problem due to hyperphosphatemia, hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia and hypoglycemia can also occur. Phosphate ...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

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CONCLUSIONS: These exploratory findings support the safety and feasibility of 4 × 1 HD-tDCS in early onset epileptic encephalopathy and provide the first evidence of HD-tDCS effects on paroxysmal EEG features in electroclinical cases under the age of 36 months. Extending HD-tDCS treatment may enhance electrographic findings and clinical effects. PMID: 29156988 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Brain Injury - Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research
This article discusses some of the common types of blunt cardiac trauma and reviews the current literature and guidelines for their triage and initial management.
Source: Cardiology Clinics - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research
This article reviews specific high-risk ECG patterns that may represent acute myocardial infarction or identify impending acute myocardial infarction that benefit from early diagnostic coronary angiography.
Source: Cardiology Clinics - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research
Authors: Yang J, Li W, Yin Y, Li Z, Ni C Abstract Osteoid osteoma of the atlas has previously been reported very rarely in the published literature. The traditional standard treatment has been a surgical resection of the nidus. Recently, computed tomography (CT)-guided radiofrequency ablation (RFA) has gained favor as a more precise alternative treatment. Here, we present a case of osteoid osteoma of the C1 lateral mass treated successfully using CT-guided RFA. A 30-year-old woman who presented with a four-month history of occipital and suboccipital pain was treated by CT-guided RFA. The visual analog scale (VAS) a...
Source: Interventional Neuroradiology - Category: Radiology Tags: Interv Neuroradiol Source Type: research
IBS symptoms include diarrhoea and constipation, but they could be reduced by changing the amount of fibre in patients ’ diet. Carrots could be the key to reducing Irritable Bowel Syndrome symptoms.
Source: Daily Express - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Authors: Braukhaus C, Jahnke U, Zimmermann T Abstract A Parkinson's disease is attended by high strain for the patients and an obvious loss of relationship functioning. Partners of patients (N=110) were evaluated via self-assessment in terms of own depression (PHQ-9), own fear of progression (PA-F-P-KF), relationship quality (PFB) as well as perceived deficits in everyday life and nonverbal communication. 26% of women and 11% of men showed depression scores, 51% of women and 41% of men dysfunctional fear of progression and about 60% were unsatisfied with their relationship. Gender-specific differences regarding the...
Source: PPmP Psychotherapie Psychosomatik Medizinische Psychologie - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: Psychother Psychosom Med Psychol Source Type: research
Techniques of expansive laminoplasty for degenerative cervical myelopathy and ossified posterior longitudinal ligament are described, focusing on the history of the surgical procedure. Laminectomy was the only approach for posterior decompression before Japanese orthopedic surgeons introduced laminoplasty from the 1970s to the 1980s to overcome the poor outcomes of laminectomy. Recent laminoplasty techniques offer less invasive maneuvers to the posterior cervical muscle structures to reduce axial neck pain and to obtain better functional outcome, but every operation is carried out based on the unchanged initial concept. So...
Source: Neurosurgery Clinics of North America - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: It is important that clinicians managing gastroparesis are aware of the arrhythmogenic potential of drugs used clinically and risk factors that contribute to QT prolongation to safeguard patients at risk for drug-induced cardiac arrhythmia. PMID: 29157021 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Scand J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
RHEUMATOID arthritis joint pain could by eased by cutting out gluten from your diet, as patients have an increased risk of developing coeliac disease.
Source: Daily Express - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
In this study, we investigated the sub-chronic effects of boldine on intraperitoneal and intravenous pentylenetetrazole (PTZ) models and electroshock-induced seizure in mice. Mice in treatment groups received different doses of boldine (once in a day for 8 days, ip.) and control group received solvent. We also evaluated the role of antioxidant activity of boldine as a part of its anti-seizure activity. RESULTS: The results demonstrated that sub-chronic administration of boldine increased time latencies to the onset of myoclonic and clonic seizure induced by intraperitoneal PTZ model and increased clonic seizure th...
Source: Neurological Research - Category: Neurology Tags: Neurol Res Source Type: research
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