What Causes Hyperphosphatemia?

Discussion Constipation is a common problem in general pediatrics and its causes are numerous. It can cause acute and recurrent abdominal pain and is a cause of abdominal distention. Patients who are young, whose presentations are other than routine or who had complications should be invested for underlying causes of their constipation. This patient had undergone some evaluations in the past for constipation but because of the presentation of sepsis a more rigorous evaluation was undertaken. The differential diagnoses of the following can be found here: constipation, acute abdominal pain, recurrent abdominal pain, and abdominal distention. Hyperphosphatemia caused by retention of oral phosphate containing medications and hypertonic sodium phosphate enemas are known causes of hyperphosphatemia. Phosphate-containing medications are used because the hyperosmolarity draws fluid into the intestinal lumen which stimulates peristalsis. Usually the phosphate and fluid are then evacuated. However, the phosphate can be absorbed, particularly if there is lack of bowel integrity, with resulting hyperphosphatemia. With rising concentrations of phosphate, calcium is bound causing hypocalcemia both extracellualrly and intracellularly. Hyperphosphatemia also inhibits Vitamin D hydroxylation and inhibits reabsorption of calcium in the bone. While hypocalcemia is the most common secondary problem due to hyperphosphatemia, hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia and hypoglycemia can also occur. Phosphate ...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

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ConclusionIn carotid artery dissections, prodromal symptoms such as transient ischemic attack, like in our patient, are rarely present in children. For good long term outcomes, it is very important to suspect, diagnose and initiate appropriate treatment in a rapid manner in carotid artery dissection before severe neurological findings such as acute ischemic stroke develops.
Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Publication date: 1 November 2018Source: Carbohydrate Polymers, Volume 199Author(s): Rahmi, Lelifajri, Rizki NurfatimahAbstractPreparation and characterization of polyethylene glycol diglycidyl ether (PEDGE) crosslinked chitosan/activated carbon composite film have been conducted. PEDGE was used as crosslinking agent and activated carbon as a filler on composite film preparation. The composite films were produced with several ratios of chitosan/PEDGE/activated carbon. Tensile test, Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR), X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) and Scanning electron Microscope (SEM) were used to study the structure and properti...
Source: Carbohydrate Polymers - Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 July 2018Source: Chemico-Biological InteractionsAuthor(s): Bharath Kumar VelmuruganAbstractThe psychoactive properties of cannabinoids are well known and there has been a continuous controversy regarding the usage of these compounds for therapeutic purposes all over the world. Their use for medical and research purposes are restricted in various countries. However, their utility as medications should not be overshadowed by their negative physiological activities. This review article is focused on the therapeutic potential and applications of phytocannabinoids and endocannabinoids. It h...
Source: Chemico Biological Interactions - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 July 2018Source: American Journal of Kidney DiseasesAuthor(s): Jennifer S. McDonald, Robert J. McDonald, Cheryl L. Tran, Amy B. Kolbe, Eric E. Williamson, David F. KallmesRational &ObjectiveThe risks of iodinated contrast material administered to pediatric patients are not well defined. The purpose of this study was to examine the rates of postcontrast acute kidney injury (AKI), dialysis therapy, and death following administration of intravenous contrast material to pediatric patients.Study DesignRetrospective cohort study.Setting &ParticipantsPediatric (aged 
Source: American Journal of Kidney Diseases - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Publication date: September 2018Source: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, Volume 21, Issue 9Author(s): R. Johnston, R. Cahalan, M. O’Keeffe, K. O’Sullivan, T. ComynsAbstractObjectivesTo determine the associations between training load, baseline characteristics (e.g. age or previous injury) and rate of musculoskeletal injury and/or pain specifically within an Endurance Sporting Population (ESP).DesignProspectively registered systematic review.MethodsEight electronic databases were searched by two independent reviewers. Studies were required to prospectively monitor both (i) training loads and (ii) muscul...
Source: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionsImpingement-type bony morphology was related to cartilage defects, but not labral tear. Hip pain was not associated with pathology or bony morphology. Longitudinal studies are warranted to determine if bony features, such as cam morphology, acetabular retroversion or anteversion, are precursors to symptomatic hip joint injury or osteoarthritis.
Source: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research
In this month ’s first feature article, Silva’s group report that a 16 week in-classroom standing desk intervention reduced sitting time without an increase in sedentary behaviour out of school time. In the second featured article, Tsikopoulos and colleagues report the results of a network meta-analysis on in terventions to enhance dynamic balance in individuals with chronic ankle instability. In the third feature article Mayes, Smith and Cook suggest that impingement related bony morphology is not related to pain in professional dancers’ hips.
Source: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport - Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Tags: Editorial Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 July 2018Source: International Journal of Nursing SciencesAuthor(s): Dalia Salah El-Deen, Naglaa F.A. YoussefAbstractObjectiveTo investigate the effect of cryotherapy application before versus after subcutaneous anticoagulant injection (SCAI) on pain intensity and hematoma formation.MethodsA quasi-experimental design was utilized. A convenient sample of 105 adult patients, who were admitted to one of the biggest teaching hospitals in Cairo and receiving SCAI, were recruited over a period of six months. Patients were randomly allocated into three groups: A Control group who received the...
Source: International Journal of Nursing Sciences - Category: Nursing Source Type: research
BOWEL cancer symptoms include stomach pain, a change in bowel habits, and finding blood in your stool. You could reveal your risk of cancer by thinking about how often you use the toilet. How many toilet trips counts as a ‘normal’ amount?
Source: Daily Express - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
ConclusionsIncreased proline concentrations can occur after administration of high-dose proline (as was the case here) or in the rare metabolic disorders hyperprolinema types I and II.
Source: Clinica Chimica Acta - Category: Laboratory Medicine Source Type: research
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