What Causes Hyperphosphatemia?
Discussion Constipation is a common problem in general pediatrics and its causes are numerous. It can cause acute and recurrent abdominal pain and is a cause of abdominal distention. Patients who are young, whose presentations are other than routine or who had complications should be invested for underlying causes of their constipation. This patient had undergone some evaluations in the past for constipation but because of the presentation of sepsis a more rigorous evaluation was undertaken. The differential diagnoses of the following can be found here: constipation, acute abdominal pain, recurrent abdominal pain, and abdominal distention. Hyperphosphatemia caused by retention of oral phosphate containing medications and hypertonic sodium phosphate enemas are known causes of hyperphosphatemia. Phosphate-containing medications are used because the hyperosmolarity draws fluid into the intestinal lumen which stimulates peristalsis. Usually the phosphate and fluid are then evacuated. However, the phosphate can be absorbed, particularly if there is lack of bowel integrity, with resulting hyperphosphatemia. With rising concentrations of phosphate, calcium is bound causing hypocalcemia both extracellualrly and intracellularly. Hyperphosphatemia also inhibits Vitamin D hydroxylation and inhibits reabsorption of calcium in the bone. While hypocalcemia is the most common secondary problem due to hyperphosphatemia, hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia and hypoglycemia can also occur. Phosphate ...
High-potency natural and synthetic cannabinoids were found to trigger seizures in mice, say researchers, with the latter posing the strongest effects.
29 September 2017, London, United Kingdom
29 September 2017, London, United Kingdom
Idiopathic condylar resorption is a rare and progressive entity that can result in an acquired dentofacial deformity to include retrogenia, apertognathia, and loss of posterior facial height secondary to condylar resorption and loss of ramus height. Additionally, patients may experience TMJ pain and dysfunction, myofascial pain, and headaches. Management strategies for ICR include both surgical and non-surgical treatment modalities.1,2
We report a rare case of lingual abscess caused by the tongue cancer in an elderly person. The patient was a 72-year-old man, who was seen in the dental clinic complaining that he had found it hard to eat due to pain and that his tongue had been swollen for the previous 3 days. He was referred to our hospital because of suspicion of the tongue tumor and hospitalized with dysphagia on November 21th, 2016.
Our genetic makeup can influence how we respond to medication, yet clinically we tend to prescribe medications in standard doses. Pharmacogenetic Testing gives insight into an individual ’s gene profile and can help predict optimal treatment. 14 colleagues were invited to participate in this study: 5 men and 9 women ages from 30 to 68 years. DNA samples were obtained from buccal mucosa swabs and underwent complete analysis for 19 genes and 180 commonly prescribed medications using GeneAlign PGx Genetic Testing (Chandler, AZ).
Oral surgery is a common source of opioid prescriptions, which have potential for misuse and abuse, with up to an estimated 23% of prescribed doses being used nonmedically.1,2 In most cases, such medication is obtained from friends or family members originally prescribed the medication; adolescents are at particular risk for resulting initial opioid exposure.1,2 We conducted a survey to examine opioid use for pain management after third molar extraction, focusing on prescribing practices and unused medication.
Dental pain and fear of oral surgery can affect patients ’ perceptions of their providers.1 Offering patients or parents of patients requiring surgery more information about a presenting dental problem, and treatment options, may alleviate anxiety and improve overall satisfaction.2 This survey was conducted to better understand patient preferences and a ttitudes about how their oral surgeon manages their pain.
Pain and swelling originating from a necrotic tooth is a common complaint in emergency departments, accounting for over 400,000 visits to emergency departments in the United States in the year 2006 alone. These patients present significant burdens on hospital budgets and provider time as both hospitals and clinicians are pressured to provide more cost-efficient care. One source of frustration and confusion that leads to inefficient treatment is the ambiguity of managing these infections by emergency medicine teams who triage these patients.
This study assessed outcomes for pulpal anesthesia, pain on injection, and time to sensation for Buffered 1% lidocaine with 1/100k epinephrine (Epi) vs. Non-buffered 2% lidocaine with 1/100k Epi.
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