Investigation of road infrastructure and traffic density attributes at high-risk locations for motorcycle-related injuries using multiple correspondence and cluster analysis in urban Tanzania
Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot. 2021 Jun 7:1-11. doi: 10.1080/17457300.2021.1930060. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTRapid growth in use of motorcycles combined with limited road infrastructures has increased the burden of road traffic crashes and injuries in low-and middle-income countries. The aim of this study was to assess whether high-risk locations for motorcycle-related injuries identified from police crash data registers for the period 2016 to 2017 share similar road infrastructure and traffic density attributes in Dar es Salaam city. Analysis was performed using multiple correspondence and hierarchical cluster analysis....
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - June 8, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Filbert Francis Candida Moshiro Berg Hans Yngve Marie Hasselberg Source Type: research

Alcohol-impaired Walking in 16 Countries: A Theory-Based Investigation
Accid Anal Prev. 2021 Jun 4;159:106212. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106212. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAlcohol is a global risk factor for road trauma. Although drink driving has received most of the scholarly attention, there is growing evidence of the risks of alcohol-impaired walking. Alcohol-impaired pedestrians are over-represented in fatal crashes compared to non-impaired pedestrians. Additionally, empirical evidence shows that alcohol intoxication impairs road-crossing judgements. Besides some limited early research, much is unknown about the global prevalence and determinants of alcohol-impaired walking. Understandi...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - June 7, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Oscar Oviedo-Trespalacios Ali Kemal Çelik Ana Marti-Belda Anna W łodarczyk Daniel Demant Duy Q Nguyen-Phuoc Elisabeth Rubie Erkan Oktay Gabriel Dorantes Argandar J E Rod Jean Carlos Natividade Joonha Park Jorge Tiago Bastos Laura Mart ínez-Buelvas Mari Source Type: research

Seasonal variation in North American level crossing crash rates is due to weather, not day length
CONCLUSIONS: The seasonal variation in North American level crossing crash rate is a result of winter weather conditions, rather than differences in light levels. Future research is planned that will elucidate the specific environmental and human factors contributing to the increase.PMID:34097544 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1922681 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 7, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Steven Henderson Anthony Millen Christina M Rudin-Brown Source Type: research

Identifying modifiable factors related to novice adolescent driver fault in motor vehicle collisions
CONCLUSIONS: The findings support policies that allow driving with a single adult or peer passenger during daytime hours. Driving during late-night hours should be restricted for novice adolescent drivers.PMID:34097541 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1923700 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 7, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Tona M Pitt Andrew Howard Tate HubkaRao Brent Hagel Source Type: research

Alcohol-impaired Walking in 16 Countries: A Theory-Based Investigation
Accid Anal Prev. 2021 Jun 4;159:106212. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106212. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAlcohol is a global risk factor for road trauma. Although drink driving has received most of the scholarly attention, there is growing evidence of the risks of alcohol-impaired walking. Alcohol-impaired pedestrians are over-represented in fatal crashes compared to non-impaired pedestrians. Additionally, empirical evidence shows that alcohol intoxication impairs road-crossing judgements. Besides some limited early research, much is unknown about the global prevalence and determinants of alcohol-impaired walking. Understandi...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - June 7, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Oscar Oviedo-Trespalacios Ali Kemal Çelik Ana Marti-Belda Anna W łodarczyk Daniel Demant Duy Q Nguyen-Phuoc Elisabeth Rubie Erkan Oktay Gabriel Dorantes Argandar J E Rod Jean Carlos Natividade Joonha Park Jorge Tiago Bastos Laura Mart ínez-Buelvas Mari Source Type: research

Identifying modifiable factors related to novice adolescent driver fault in motor vehicle collisions
CONCLUSIONS: The findings support policies that allow driving with a single adult or peer passenger during daytime hours. Driving during late-night hours should be restricted for novice adolescent drivers.PMID:34097541 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1923700 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 7, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Tona M Pitt Andrew Howard Tate HubkaRao Brent Hagel Source Type: research

Seasonal variation in North American level crossing crash rates is due to weather, not day length
CONCLUSIONS: The seasonal variation in North American level crossing crash rate is a result of winter weather conditions, rather than differences in light levels. Future research is planned that will elucidate the specific environmental and human factors contributing to the increase.PMID:34097544 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1922681 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 7, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Steven Henderson Anthony Millen Christina M Rudin-Brown Source Type: research

Identifying modifiable factors related to novice adolescent driver fault in motor vehicle collisions
CONCLUSIONS: The findings support policies that allow driving with a single adult or peer passenger during daytime hours. Driving during late-night hours should be restricted for novice adolescent drivers.PMID:34097541 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1923700 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 7, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Tona M Pitt Andrew Howard Tate HubkaRao Brent Hagel Source Type: research

Seasonal variation in North American level crossing crash rates is due to weather, not day length
CONCLUSIONS: The seasonal variation in North American level crossing crash rate is a result of winter weather conditions, rather than differences in light levels. Future research is planned that will elucidate the specific environmental and human factors contributing to the increase.PMID:34097544 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1922681 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 7, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Steven Henderson Anthony Millen Christina M Rudin-Brown Source Type: research

Alcohol-impaired Walking in 16 Countries: A Theory-Based Investigation
Accid Anal Prev. 2021 Jun 4;159:106212. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106212. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAlcohol is a global risk factor for road trauma. Although drink driving has received most of the scholarly attention, there is growing evidence of the risks of alcohol-impaired walking. Alcohol-impaired pedestrians are over-represented in fatal crashes compared to non-impaired pedestrians. Additionally, empirical evidence shows that alcohol intoxication impairs road-crossing judgements. Besides some limited early research, much is unknown about the global prevalence and determinants of alcohol-impaired walking. Understandi...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - June 7, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Oscar Oviedo-Trespalacios Ali Kemal Çelik Ana Marti-Belda Anna W łodarczyk Daniel Demant Duy Q Nguyen-Phuoc Elisabeth Rubie Erkan Oktay Gabriel Dorantes Argandar J E Rod Jean Carlos Natividade Joonha Park Jorge Tiago Bastos Laura Mart ínez-Buelvas Mari Source Type: research

Identifying modifiable factors related to novice adolescent driver fault in motor vehicle collisions
CONCLUSIONS: The findings support policies that allow driving with a single adult or peer passenger during daytime hours. Driving during late-night hours should be restricted for novice adolescent drivers.PMID:34097541 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1923700 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 7, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Tona M Pitt Andrew Howard Tate HubkaRao Brent Hagel Source Type: research

Seasonal variation in North American level crossing crash rates is due to weather, not day length
CONCLUSIONS: The seasonal variation in North American level crossing crash rate is a result of winter weather conditions, rather than differences in light levels. Future research is planned that will elucidate the specific environmental and human factors contributing to the increase.PMID:34097544 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1922681 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 7, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Steven Henderson Anthony Millen Christina M Rudin-Brown Source Type: research

Alcohol-impaired Walking in 16 Countries: A Theory-Based Investigation
Accid Anal Prev. 2021 Jun 4;159:106212. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106212. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAlcohol is a global risk factor for road trauma. Although drink driving has received most of the scholarly attention, there is growing evidence of the risks of alcohol-impaired walking. Alcohol-impaired pedestrians are over-represented in fatal crashes compared to non-impaired pedestrians. Additionally, empirical evidence shows that alcohol intoxication impairs road-crossing judgements. Besides some limited early research, much is unknown about the global prevalence and determinants of alcohol-impaired walking. Understandi...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - June 7, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Oscar Oviedo-Trespalacios Ali Kemal Çelik Ana Marti-Belda Anna W łodarczyk Daniel Demant Duy Q Nguyen-Phuoc Elisabeth Rubie Erkan Oktay Gabriel Dorantes Argandar J E Rod Jean Carlos Natividade Joonha Park Jorge Tiago Bastos Laura Mart ínez-Buelvas Mari Source Type: research

Seasonal variation in North American level crossing crash rates is due to weather, not day length
CONCLUSIONS: The seasonal variation in North American level crossing crash rate is a result of winter weather conditions, rather than differences in light levels. Future research is planned that will elucidate the specific environmental and human factors contributing to the increase.PMID:34097544 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1922681 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 7, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Steven Henderson Anthony Millen Christina M Rudin-Brown Source Type: research

Identifying modifiable factors related to novice adolescent driver fault in motor vehicle collisions
CONCLUSIONS: The findings support policies that allow driving with a single adult or peer passenger during daytime hours. Driving during late-night hours should be restricted for novice adolescent drivers.PMID:34097541 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1923700 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 7, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Tona M Pitt Andrew Howard Tate HubkaRao Brent Hagel Source Type: research

Identifying modifiable factors related to novice adolescent driver fault in motor vehicle collisions
CONCLUSIONS: The findings support policies that allow driving with a single adult or peer passenger during daytime hours. Driving during late-night hours should be restricted for novice adolescent drivers.PMID:34097541 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1923700 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 7, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Tona M Pitt Andrew Howard Tate HubkaRao Brent Hagel Source Type: research

Seasonal variation in North American level crossing crash rates is due to weather, not day length
CONCLUSIONS: The seasonal variation in North American level crossing crash rate is a result of winter weather conditions, rather than differences in light levels. Future research is planned that will elucidate the specific environmental and human factors contributing to the increase.PMID:34097544 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1922681 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 7, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Steven Henderson Anthony Millen Christina M Rudin-Brown Source Type: research

Alcohol-impaired Walking in 16 Countries: A Theory-Based Investigation
Publication date: September 2021Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 159Author(s): Oscar Oviedo-Trespalacios, Ali Kemal Çelik, Ana Marti-Belda, Anna Włodarczyk, Daniel Demant, Duy Q. Nguyen-Phuoc, Elisabeth Rubie, Erkan Oktay, Gabriel Dorantes Argandar, J.E. Rod, Jean Carlos Natividade, Joonha Park, Jorge Tiago Bastos, Laura Martínez-Buelvas, Maria de Fátima Pereira da Silva, Mário Velindro, Matus Sucha, Mauricio Orozco-Fontalvo, Miguel Barboza-Palomino, Quan Yuan (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - June 5, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Investigating the predictability of crashes on different freeway segments using the real-time crash risk models
This study mainly focuses on identifying optimal crash precursors for different freeway section types, as well as providing a threshold selection method for real-time crash risk models. Freeway sections are divided into four types, i.e. basic sections, weaving areas, merging areas, and diverging areas. Bayesian logistic regression (BLR) models were established for each type of segment, and significant factors were distinguished. A threshold selection method was proposed based on cost-benefit theory, and the threshold is determined as the value when the number of proactive safety interventions to prevent a crash is 5000 in ...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - June 5, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Qikang Zheng Chengcheng Xu Pan Liu Yuxuan Wang Source Type: research

Investigating the predictability of crashes on different freeway segments using the real-time crash risk models
This study mainly focuses on identifying optimal crash precursors for different freeway section types, as well as providing a threshold selection method for real-time crash risk models. Freeway sections are divided into four types, i.e. basic sections, weaving areas, merging areas, and diverging areas. Bayesian logistic regression (BLR) models were established for each type of segment, and significant factors were distinguished. A threshold selection method was proposed based on cost-benefit theory, and the threshold is determined as the value when the number of proactive safety interventions to prevent a crash is 5000 in ...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - June 5, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Qikang Zheng Chengcheng Xu Pan Liu Yuxuan Wang Source Type: research

The trade-off between safety and time in the red light running behaviors of pedestrians: A random regret minimization approach
This study attempts to examine the roles of trade-off between safety and time, as well as situational features and personality traits, in the red light running behaviors of pedestrians using a stated preference survey method. Then, a regret-based panel mixed multinomial logit model is established for the association measure between propensities of red light running violation and possible factors, with which the effects of unobserved heterogeneity and correlation in the choices between different scenarios of the same person are considered. Results indicate that the choice decision of pedestrians are more sensitive to a redu...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - June 4, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Dianchen Zhu N N Sze Zhongxiang Feng Source Type: research

Driver behavior and the use of automation in real-world driving
CONCLUSIONS: Generalizing from objective, real-world driving data, this study provides an ecologically valid taxonomy for transfer of control building upon the hierarchical model of driver behavior. We show that driver-automation interactions can occur in each level of the hierarchical model and that TOCs are part of the driver's strategic, maneuver, and control levels of decision making. Thus, TOCs are not isolated or rare events, but rather an integral part of an ongoing, continuous and dynamic collaboration. This taxonomy contextualizes TOCs, paving the way for greater understanding of when and why drivers will takeover...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - June 4, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Pnina Gershon Sean Seaman Bruce Mehler Bryan Reimer Joseph Coughlin Source Type: research

Identifying factors associated with roadside work zone collisions using machine learning techniques
Accid Anal Prev. 2021 Jun 1;158:106203. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106203. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTIdentifying factors that are associated with the probability of roadside work zone collisions enables decision makers to better assess and control the risk of scheduling a particular maintenance or construction activity by modifying the characteristics of the operation. This can be achieved by studying the effect of work zone properties on the risk of roadside work zone collisions. Much of the existing work in this area is based on data in the police traffic collision reports, which do not include data on the characteristi...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - June 4, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Amir A Nasrollahzadeh Ardalan R Sofi Bahram Ravani Source Type: research

The trade-off between safety and time in the red light running behaviors of pedestrians: A random regret minimization approach
This study attempts to examine the roles of trade-off between safety and time, as well as situational features and personality traits, in the red light running behaviors of pedestrians using a stated preference survey method. Then, a regret-based panel mixed multinomial logit model is established for the association measure between propensities of red light running violation and possible factors, with which the effects of unobserved heterogeneity and correlation in the choices between different scenarios of the same person are considered. Results indicate that the choice decision of pedestrians are more sensitive to a redu...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - June 4, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Dianchen Zhu N N Sze Zhongxiang Feng Source Type: research

Driver behavior and the use of automation in real-world driving
CONCLUSIONS: Generalizing from objective, real-world driving data, this study provides an ecologically valid taxonomy for transfer of control building upon the hierarchical model of driver behavior. We show that driver-automation interactions can occur in each level of the hierarchical model and that TOCs are part of the driver's strategic, maneuver, and control levels of decision making. Thus, TOCs are not isolated or rare events, but rather an integral part of an ongoing, continuous and dynamic collaboration. This taxonomy contextualizes TOCs, paving the way for greater understanding of when and why drivers will takeover...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - June 4, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Pnina Gershon Sean Seaman Bruce Mehler Bryan Reimer Joseph Coughlin Source Type: research

Identifying factors associated with roadside work zone collisions using machine learning techniques
Accid Anal Prev. 2021 Jun 1;158:106203. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106203. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTIdentifying factors that are associated with the probability of roadside work zone collisions enables decision makers to better assess and control the risk of scheduling a particular maintenance or construction activity by modifying the characteristics of the operation. This can be achieved by studying the effect of work zone properties on the risk of roadside work zone collisions. Much of the existing work in this area is based on data in the police traffic collision reports, which do not include data on the characteristi...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - June 4, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Amir A Nasrollahzadeh Ardalan R Sofi Bahram Ravani Source Type: research

Investigating the predictability of crashes on different freeway segments using the real-time crash risk models
Publication date: September 2021Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 159Author(s): Qikang Zheng, Chengcheng Xu, Pan Liu, Yuxuan Wang (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - June 2, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Driver behavior and the use of automation in real-world driving
Publication date: August 2021Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 158Author(s): Pnina Gershon, Sean Seaman, Bruce Mehler, Bryan Reimer, Joseph Coughlin (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - June 2, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

The trade-off between safety and time in the red light running behaviors of pedestrians: A random regret minimization approach
Publication date: August 2021Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 158Author(s): Dianchen Zhu, N.N. Sze, Zhongxiang Feng (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - June 2, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Identifying factors associated with roadside work zone collisions using machine learning techniques
Publication date: August 2021Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 158Author(s): Amir A. Nasrollahzadeh, Ardalan R. Sofi, Bahram Ravani (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - June 2, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Spatial analysis and evaluation of road traffic safety performance indexes across the provinces of Turkey from 2015 to 2019
Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot. 2021 Jun 1:1-16. doi: 10.1080/17457300.2021.1925923. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTLimited road safety based spatial analysis studies have been conducted in developing countries. Also, little is known about the relationships between province-level road safety performance indexes (RSPIs). Hence, spatial, regression and correlation analysis were used to identify road safety-deficient provinces and determine the relationship between RSPIs. The gathered data comprise 14 RSPIs and nine socioeconomic indicators. Moran's I and Local Moran indexes were used for conducting the spatial analysis. The natur...
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - June 1, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Morteza Ahmadpur Ilgin Gokasar Source Type: research

Injury severity prediction of traffic crashes with ensemble machine learning techniques: a comparative study
Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot. 2021 Jun 1:1-20. doi: 10.1080/17457300.2021.1928233. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTA better understanding of injury severity risk factors is fundamental to improving crash prediction and effective implementation of appropriate mitigation strategies. Traditional statistical models widely used in this regard have predefined correlation and intrinsic assumptions, which, if flouted, may yield biased predictions. The present study investigates the possibility of using the eXtreme Gradient Boosting (XGBoost) model compared with few traditional machine learning algorithms (logistic regression, random f...
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - June 1, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Arshad Jamal Muhammad Zahid Muhammad Tauhidur Rahman Hassan M Al-Ahmadi Meshal Almoshaogeh Danish Farooq Mahmood Ahmad Source Type: research

Toothpick-related injuries in the United States from 2001 to 2017
Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot. 2021 Jun 1:1-5. doi: 10.1080/17457300.2021.1930059. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34058946 | DOI:10.1080/17457300.2021.1930059 (Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion)
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - June 1, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Kaili Hu Gerald McGwin Source Type: research

Motorcycle risky behaviours and road accidents among adolescents in Jakarta metropolitan area, Indonesia
This study aimed to analyse motorcycle risky behaviours associated with motorcycle accidents among adolescents in Jakarta metropolitan area. This is a cross-sectional study employing a self-report survey of 3880 students from 37 junior and senior high schools in the Jakarta metropolitan area, Indonesia, between April and June 2019. About 40% of the respondents reported that they ever involved in motorcycle accidents in the past 12 months. Speeding, using a mobile phone, drowsy driving, and wrong-way riding were significantly associated with motorcycle accidents. Further, red-light running, applying sudden brake, eating, sm...
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - June 1, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Yuyun Umniyatun Mochamad Iqbal Nurmansyah Yoli Farradika Tri Bayu Purnama Didin Nuruddin Hidayat Source Type: research

Traffic crashes in Dhaka, Bangladesh: analysing crashes involving unconventional modes, pedestrians and public transit
This study presents a spatial and temporal analysis of collision frequency and injury severity of crashes in Dhaka, Bangladesh. The focus is to understand the spatio-temporal trend of collisions involving pedestrians, public transit and unconventional modes, which are the key collision factors in Dhaka. This research utilizes the police-reported collision record for Dhaka for the years 2011-2015. In temporal analysis, temporal trends (monthly, daily and hourly) of injury severity of different vehicle occupants (pedestrians, public transit and unconventional modes) have been explored using descriptive analytics. Daily distr...
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - June 1, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Bijoy Saha Mahmudur Rahman Fatmi Md Mizanur Rahman Source Type: research

Examining the relationship between impaired driving and past crash involvement in Europe: Insights from the ESRA study
Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot. 2021 Jun 1:1-11. doi: 10.1080/17457300.2021.1928234. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTDriving under the influence of alcohol, drugs and fatigue are all important factors of crash causation. Exploring the link between driver attitudes and crash involvement provides understanding on these important issues. To that end, questionnaire answers of car drivers disclosing their attitudes on the impacts of driving under the influence of alcohol, drugs and fatigue, and their relationship with past crash involvement as car drivers were analysed. A two-step approach is adopted: Principal Component Analysis (PC...
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - June 1, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Apostolos Ziakopoulos Athanasios Theofilatos Alexandra Laiou Eva Michelaraki George Yannis Tova Rosenbloom Source Type: research

Toothpick-related injuries in the United States from 2001 to 2017
Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot. 2021 Jun 1:1-5. doi: 10.1080/17457300.2021.1930059. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34058946 | DOI:10.1080/17457300.2021.1930059 (Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion)
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - June 1, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Kaili Hu Gerald McGwin Source Type: research

Motorcycle risky behaviours and road accidents among adolescents in Jakarta metropolitan area, Indonesia
This study aimed to analyse motorcycle risky behaviours associated with motorcycle accidents among adolescents in Jakarta metropolitan area. This is a cross-sectional study employing a self-report survey of 3880 students from 37 junior and senior high schools in the Jakarta metropolitan area, Indonesia, between April and June 2019. About 40% of the respondents reported that they ever involved in motorcycle accidents in the past 12 months. Speeding, using a mobile phone, drowsy driving, and wrong-way riding were significantly associated with motorcycle accidents. Further, red-light running, applying sudden brake, eating, sm...
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - June 1, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Yuyun Umniyatun Mochamad Iqbal Nurmansyah Yoli Farradika Tri Bayu Purnama Didin Nuruddin Hidayat Source Type: research

Spatial analysis and evaluation of road traffic safety performance indexes across the provinces of Turkey from 2015 to 2019
Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot. 2021 Jun 1:1-16. doi: 10.1080/17457300.2021.1925923. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTLimited road safety based spatial analysis studies have been conducted in developing countries. Also, little is known about the relationships between province-level road safety performance indexes (RSPIs). Hence, spatial, regression and correlation analysis were used to identify road safety-deficient provinces and determine the relationship between RSPIs. The gathered data comprise 14 RSPIs and nine socioeconomic indicators. Moran's I and Local Moran indexes were used for conducting the spatial analysis. The natur...
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - June 1, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Morteza Ahmadpur Ilgin Gokasar Source Type: research

Traffic crashes in Dhaka, Bangladesh: analysing crashes involving unconventional modes, pedestrians and public transit
This study presents a spatial and temporal analysis of collision frequency and injury severity of crashes in Dhaka, Bangladesh. The focus is to understand the spatio-temporal trend of collisions involving pedestrians, public transit and unconventional modes, which are the key collision factors in Dhaka. This research utilizes the police-reported collision record for Dhaka for the years 2011-2015. In temporal analysis, temporal trends (monthly, daily and hourly) of injury severity of different vehicle occupants (pedestrians, public transit and unconventional modes) have been explored using descriptive analytics. Daily distr...
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - June 1, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Bijoy Saha Mahmudur Rahman Fatmi Md Mizanur Rahman Source Type: research

Injury severity prediction of traffic crashes with ensemble machine learning techniques: a comparative study
Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot. 2021 Jun 1:1-20. doi: 10.1080/17457300.2021.1928233. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTA better understanding of injury severity risk factors is fundamental to improving crash prediction and effective implementation of appropriate mitigation strategies. Traditional statistical models widely used in this regard have predefined correlation and intrinsic assumptions, which, if flouted, may yield biased predictions. The present study investigates the possibility of using the eXtreme Gradient Boosting (XGBoost) model compared with few traditional machine learning algorithms (logistic regression, random f...
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - June 1, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Arshad Jamal Muhammad Zahid Muhammad Tauhidur Rahman Hassan M Al-Ahmadi Meshal Almoshaogeh Danish Farooq Mahmood Ahmad Source Type: research

Examining the relationship between impaired driving and past crash involvement in Europe: Insights from the ESRA study
Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot. 2021 Jun 1:1-11. doi: 10.1080/17457300.2021.1928234. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTDriving under the influence of alcohol, drugs and fatigue are all important factors of crash causation. Exploring the link between driver attitudes and crash involvement provides understanding on these important issues. To that end, questionnaire answers of car drivers disclosing their attitudes on the impacts of driving under the influence of alcohol, drugs and fatigue, and their relationship with past crash involvement as car drivers were analysed. A two-step approach is adopted: Principal Component Analysis (PC...
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - June 1, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Apostolos Ziakopoulos Athanasios Theofilatos Alexandra Laiou Eva Michelaraki George Yannis Tova Rosenbloom Source Type: research

Toothpick-related injuries in the United States from 2001 to 2017
Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot. 2021 Jun 1:1-5. doi: 10.1080/17457300.2021.1930059. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34058946 | DOI:10.1080/17457300.2021.1930059 (Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion)
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - June 1, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Kaili Hu Gerald McGwin Source Type: research

Motorcycle risky behaviours and road accidents among adolescents in Jakarta metropolitan area, Indonesia
This study aimed to analyse motorcycle risky behaviours associated with motorcycle accidents among adolescents in Jakarta metropolitan area. This is a cross-sectional study employing a self-report survey of 3880 students from 37 junior and senior high schools in the Jakarta metropolitan area, Indonesia, between April and June 2019. About 40% of the respondents reported that they ever involved in motorcycle accidents in the past 12 months. Speeding, using a mobile phone, drowsy driving, and wrong-way riding were significantly associated with motorcycle accidents. Further, red-light running, applying sudden brake, eating, sm...
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - June 1, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Yuyun Umniyatun Mochamad Iqbal Nurmansyah Yoli Farradika Tri Bayu Purnama Didin Nuruddin Hidayat Source Type: research

Spatial analysis and evaluation of road traffic safety performance indexes across the provinces of Turkey from 2015 to 2019
Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot. 2021 Jun 1:1-16. doi: 10.1080/17457300.2021.1925923. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTLimited road safety based spatial analysis studies have been conducted in developing countries. Also, little is known about the relationships between province-level road safety performance indexes (RSPIs). Hence, spatial, regression and correlation analysis were used to identify road safety-deficient provinces and determine the relationship between RSPIs. The gathered data comprise 14 RSPIs and nine socioeconomic indicators. Moran's I and Local Moran indexes were used for conducting the spatial analysis. The natur...
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - June 1, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Morteza Ahmadpur Ilgin Gokasar Source Type: research