A bibliometric analysis and systematic review of shipboard Decision Support Systems for accident prevention
Publication date: August 2020Source: Safety Science, Volume 128Author(s): Mateusz Gil, Krzysztof Wróbel, Jakub Montewka, Floris Goerlandt (Source: Safety Science)
Source: Safety Science - May 2, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Risks to pedestrians in traffic systems with unfamiliar driving rules: a virtual reality approach
Publication date: July 2020Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 142Author(s): Yun Ye, S.C. Wong, Y.C. Li, Y.K. Lau (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - April 30, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Safety stressors, safety-specific trust, and safety citizenship behavior: A contingency perspective
Publication date: July 2020Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 142Author(s): Dan Wang, Xueqing Wang, Mark A. Griffin, Ziying Wang (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - April 30, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Comprehensive safety assessment in mixed fleets with connected and automated vehicles: A crash severity and rate evaluation of conventional vehicles
Publication date: July 2020Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 142Author(s): Amolika Sinha, Sai Chand, Kasun P. Wijayaratna, Navreet Virdi, Vinayak Dixit (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - April 30, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Quantifying accident risk and severity due to speed from the reaction point to the critical conflict in fatal motorcycle accidents
Publication date: June 2020Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 141Author(s): Peter Murphy, Andrew Morris (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - April 30, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Impact of the Rural Intersection Active Warning System (RIAWS) on driver speed: A driving simulator study
Publication date: June 2020Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 141Author(s): Lynn B. Meuleners, Michelle L. Fraser, Paul Roberts (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - April 30, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Risks to pedestrians in traffic systems with unfamiliar driving rules: a virtual reality approach.
In this study, a virtual-reality (VR) pedestrian simulation method was used to evaluate the risks to pedestrians crossing streets in a traffic system with driving rules that were unfamiliar to them. Pedestrians from mainland China (which has a right-side driving (RD) system) and Hong Kong (which has a left-side driving (LD) system) were studied. Significant differences were observed between pedestrians from the different locations in terms of the direction in which the pedestrians habitually first looked before crossing. When exposed to an unfamiliar driving rule (i.e., traffic coming from an inconsistent direction in term...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - April 30, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Ye Y, Wong SC, Li YC, Lau YK Tags: Accid Anal Prev Source Type: research

Comprehensive safety assessment in mixed fleets with connected and automated vehicles: A crash severity and rate evaluation of conventional vehicles.
Abstract Connected and Automated Vehicle (CAV) technology, although in the development stage, is quickly expanding throughout the vehicle market. However, full market penetration will most likely require considerable planning as key stakeholders, manufacturers, consumers and governing agencies work together to determine optimal deployment strategies. Specifically, road safety is a critical challenge to the widespread deployment and adoption of this disruptive technology. During the transition period fleets will be composed of a combination of CAVs and conventional vehicles, and therefore it is imperative to invest...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - April 29, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Sinha A, Chand S, Wijayaratna KP, Virdi N, Dixit V Tags: Accid Anal Prev Source Type: research

Safety stressors, safety-specific trust, and safety citizenship behavior: A contingency perspective.
This study investigates the different relationships between safety stressors (safety role ambiguity, safety role conflict, and interpersonal safety conflict) and two forms of SCB (proactive and prosocial). It also examines the moderating effect of safety-specific trust (cognition- and affect-based) within these relationships. An analysis of 332 multisource data from frontline workers and their safety supervisors in China reveals that safety role ambiguity and safety role conflict negatively affect proactive safety behaviors, while interpersonal safety conflict impedes prosocial safety behaviors. Additionally, cognition-bas...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - April 29, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Wang D, Wang X, Griffin MA, Wang Z Tags: Accid Anal Prev Source Type: research

Quantifying accident risk and severity due to speed from the reaction point to the critical conflict in fatal motorcycle accidents.
Abstract In fatal road vehicle accidents motorcycles are overrepresented per vehicle kilometre travelled. Fatal accidents involving motorcycles contain mode specific characteristics, and in common with fatal accidents involving all road users, speed typically presents as a significant contributory factor. The aim of the present study is to provide quantitative estimates for the contribution of speed in situations commencing from the reaction location to the safety critical event involving a motorcyclist and resulting in a fatal accident. The contribution of speed to the resulting accident risk and accident severit...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - April 29, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Murphy P, Morris A Tags: Accid Anal Prev Source Type: research

Impact of the Rural Intersection Active Warning System (RIAWS) on driver speed: A driving simulator study.
Abstract The Rural Intersection Active Warning System (RIAWS) is an innovative road safety treatment designed to slow traffic on major approaches to a high-risk rural intersection when vehicles are turning or crossing into or out of the side roads, thus reducing fatal and serious casualties. A 2 × 2 experimental driving simulation study was undertaken which aimed to determine the impact of signage (RIAWS versus traditional painted) and sign content (80 km/h versus slow down) on drivers' instantaneous speed at rural intersections. The driving simulator assessment was completed by 96 drivers aged between...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - April 28, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Meuleners LB, Fraser ML, Roberts P Tags: Accid Anal Prev Source Type: research

Influence of traffic congestion on driver behavior in post-congestion driving
Publication date: June 2020Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 141Author(s): Guofa Li, Weijian Lai, Xiaoxuan Sui, Xiaohang Li, Xingda Qu, Tingru Zhang, Yuezhi Li (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - April 24, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Improving the transferability of the crash prediction model using the TrAdaBoost.R2 algorithm
Publication date: June 2020Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 141Author(s): Dongjie Tang, Xiaohan Yang, Xuesong Wang (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - April 24, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Status of signalized intersection safety-A case study of Kolkata
Publication date: June 2020Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 141Author(s): Sudeshna Mitra, Debjit Bhowmick (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - April 24, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Braking behavior of major approach turning vehicles at rural two-way stop controlled intersections: A naturalistic driving study.
Conclusions: By detecting reaction distance of all 449 time series trace, the study provides an influence area of the intersection for the turning vehicles. PMID: 32329624 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - April 24, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Thapa R, Hallmark S, Oneyear N Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Effects of the penalty mechanism against traffic violations in China: A joint frailty model of recurrent violations and a terminal accident
Publication date: June 2020Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 141Author(s): Zhiyong Liu, Hongbin Wu, Ruimin Li (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - April 23, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Improving the transferability of the crash prediction model using the TrAdaBoost.R2 algorithm.
Abstract The crash prediction model is a useful tool for traffic administrators to identify significant risk factors, estimate crash frequency, and screen hazardous locations, but some jurisdictions interested in traffic safety analysis can collect only limited or low-quality data. Existing crash prediction models can be transferred if calibrated, but the current aggregate calibration method limits prediction accuracy and the disaggregate method is resource-consuming. Transfer learning is another approach to calibration that acquires knowledge from old data domains to solve problems in new data domains. An instanc...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - April 23, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Tang D, Yang X, Wang X Tags: Accid Anal Prev Source Type: research

Understanding the impact of road design characteristic on teen driver's fatality.
Conclusions: This study suggests teen driver education programs consider addressing road design characteristics. For example, incorporating focused lessons on traffic signs and traffic control types may better prepare young people for their driving experiences. Additionally, more supervised driving time is needed on various road types, especially those that present greater risks (e.g., roads with grades/curves, intersections with no traffic signal, undivided roads, and unpaved roads). PMID: 32319815 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - April 22, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Kim W, Svancara AM, Kelley-Baker T Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

The increasing role of provincial administrative sanctions in Canadian impaired driving enforcement.
Conclusions: With careful drafting, the provinces can enact cost-effective roadside administrative sanctions that have been shown to significantly reduce impaired driving deaths and injuries. The legality of any administrative sanction will likely depend on its severity, the reliability of the test or evidence upon which it is based, and the extent to which the driver has a meaningful opportunity to challenge the decision. PMID: 32319814 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - April 22, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Solomon R, MacLeod L, Dumschat E Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Factors influencing side air curtain deployment in rollover motor vehicle accidents.
Conclusions: Nondeployment of the side curtain airbags in rollovers occurred more frequently in vehicles without dedicated rollover sensors, which were most frequently passenger vehicles. PMID: 32319811 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - April 22, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Ristow J, Cordeiro M, Boyle D, Telehowski P, Atkinson T Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Status of signalized intersection safety-A case study of Kolkata.
This study intended to focus on safety issues associated with the planning, design, and operation of signalized intersections, and identify the risk factors affecting the frequency and severity of crashes. Assuming that user behavior is influenced by the design and traffic operational characteristics of a location, this study specifically aims to investigate the effects of geometric, infrastructural, traffic control and land use parameters on the number of crashes and their severity across 52 signalized intersections of Kolkata. These data were associated with crash records from 2011 through 2014, to extract important insi...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - April 22, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Mitra S, Bhowmick D Tags: Accid Anal Prev Source Type: research

Effects of the penalty mechanism against traffic violations in China: A joint frailty model of recurrent violations and a terminal accident.
This study focuses on quantifying the effects of penalty point and fine strategies on violation recurrences and accident occurrences of drivers. A frailty survival analysis method is conducted to jointly model the occurrence of violation and accident events of each individual. The frailty term in the model is leveraged to address the unobserved heterogeneity among drivers. Personal characteristics and penalty status are also incorporated as covariates in the model. Actual violation and accident data from a province in China are utilized to calibrate the model. The results show that penalty point strategy exhibits deterrent...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - April 22, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Liu Z, Wu H, Li R Tags: Accid Anal Prev Source Type: research

Influence of traffic congestion on driver behavior in post-congestion driving.
This study revealed that traffic congestion negatively affected driver behavior on the post-congestion roads. Practical implications for driving safety education was discussed based on the findings from the present study. PMID: 32334153 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention.)
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - April 22, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Li G, Lai W, Sui X, Li X, Qu X, Zhang T, Li Y Tags: Accid Anal Prev Source Type: research

Pedestrian Detection During Vehicle Backing Maneuvers Using Ultrasonic Parking Sensors.
Authors: Matsui Y, Hosokawa N, Oikawa S Abstract Ultrasonic parking sensors are an active technology designed to alert drivers to the presence of objects behind their vehicle but not the presence of a human. The purpose of this study was therefore to ascertain if these sensor systems can successfully detect a human subject. We accordingly conducted experiments using four vehicles equipped with both rear-facing center and corner ultrasonic parking sensor systems to determine the detection distance between the vehicle and a 1-m tall, 75-mm diameter pipe, a child, an adult woman, and an adult man. The detection of hum...
Source: Stapp Car Crash Journal - April 21, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Stapp Car Crash J Source Type: research

A Sensor Suite for Toeboard Three-Dimensional Deformation Measurement During Crash.
Authors: Song M, Chen C, Furukawa T, Nakata A, Shibata S Abstract This paper presents the development of a sensor suite that is used to measure the toeboard threedimensional (3D) dynamic deformation during a crash test, along with the methodology to use the sensor suite for toeboard measurement. The sensor suite consists of three high-speed cameras, which are firmly connected through a rigid metal frame. Two cameras, facing directly towards the toeboard, measure the shape of the toeboard through stereovision. The third camera, facing the ground, is equipped with a three-axis gyroscope and a three-axis accelerometer...
Source: Stapp Car Crash Journal - April 21, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Stapp Car Crash J Source Type: research

A Novel Approach to Scaling Age-, Sex-, and Body Size-Dependent Thoracic Responses using Structural Properties of Human Ribs.
Authors: Kang YS, Bolte JH, Stammen J, Moorhouse K, Agnew AM Abstract Thoracic injuries are frequently observed in motor vehicle crashes, and rib fractures are the most common of those injuries. Thoracic response targets have previously been developed from data obtained from post-mortem human subject (PMHS) tests in frontal loading conditions, most commonly of mid-size males. Traditional scaling methods are employed to identify differences in thoracic response for various demographic groups, but it is often unknown if these applications are appropriate, especially considering the limited number of tested PMHS from ...
Source: Stapp Car Crash Journal - April 21, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Stapp Car Crash J Source Type: research

Assessment of Several THOR Thoracic Injury Criteria based on a New Post Mortem Human Subject Test Series and Recommendations.
Authors: Trosseille X, Petit P, Uriot J, Potier P, Baudrit P Abstract Several studies, available in the literature, were conducted to establish the most relevant criterion for predicting the thoracic injury risk on the THOR dummy. The criteria, such as the maximum deflection or a combination of parameters including the difference between the chest right and left deflections, were all developed based on given samples of Post Mortem Human Subject (PMHS). However, they were not validated against independent data and they are not always consistent with the observations from field data analysis. For this reason, 8 addit...
Source: Stapp Car Crash Journal - April 21, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Stapp Car Crash J Source Type: research

Analysis of Force Mitigation by Boots in Axial Impacts using a Lower Leg Finite Element Model.
Authors: Hampton CE, Kleinberger M, Schlick M, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA Abstract Lower extremity injuries caused by floor plate impacts through the axis of the lower leg are a major source of injury and disability for civilian and military vehicle occupants. A collection of PMHS pendulum impacts was revisited to obtain data for paired booted/unbooted test on the same leg. Five sets of paired pendulum impacts (10 experiments in total) were found using four lower legs from two PMHS. The PMHS size and age was representative of an average young adult male. In these tests, a PMHS leg was impacted by a 3.4 or 5.8 kg pendu...
Source: Stapp Car Crash Journal - April 21, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Stapp Car Crash J Source Type: research

Kinematic and Biomechanical Response of Post-Mortem Human Subjects Under Various Pre-Impact Postures to High-Rate Vertical Loading Conditions.
Authors: Wood Zaseck L, Bonifas AC, Miller CS, Ritchie Orton N, Reed MP, Demetropoulos CK, Ott KA, Dooley CJ, Kuo NP, Strohsnitter LM, Andrist JR, Luongo ME, Drewry DG, Merkle AC, Rupp JD Abstract Limited data exist on the injury tolerance and biomechanical response of humans to high-rate, under-body blast (UBB) loading conditions that are commonly seen in current military operations, and there are no data examining the influence of occupant posture on response. Additionally, no anthropomorphic test device (ATD) currently exists that can properly assess the response of humans to high-rate UBB loading. Therefore, th...
Source: Stapp Car Crash Journal - April 21, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Stapp Car Crash J Source Type: research

Biofidelic Evaluation of the Large Omni-Directional Child Anthropomorphic Test Device in Low Speed Loading Conditions.
Authors: Seacrist T, Maheshwari J, Graci V, Holt CM, Akkem R, Chingas G, Douglas EC, Griffith M, Palumbo AJ Abstract Motor vehicle crashes remain the leading cause of death for children. Traditionally, restraint design has focused on the crash phase of the impact with an optimally seated occupant. In order to optimize restrain design for real-world scenarios, research has recently expanded its focus to non-traditional loading conditions including pre-crash positioning and lower speed impacts. The goal of this study was to evaluate the biofidelity of the large omni-directional child (LODC) ATD in non-traditional loa...
Source: Stapp Car Crash Journal - April 21, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Stapp Car Crash J Source Type: research

Factors Affecting Child Injury Risk in Motor-Vehicle Crashes.
Authors: Benedetti M, Klinich KD, Manary MA, Flannagan CAC Abstract Current recommendations for restraining child occupants are based on biomechanical testing and data from national and international field studies primarily conducted prior to 2011. We hypothesized that analysis to identify factors associated with pediatric injury in motor-vehicle crashes using a national database of more recent police-reported crashes in the United States involving children under age 13 where type of child restraint system (CRS) is recorded would support previous recommendations. Weighted data were extracted from the National Autom...
Source: Stapp Car Crash Journal - April 21, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Stapp Car Crash J Source Type: research

Response Ratio Development for Lateral Pendulum Impact with Porcine Thorax and Abdomen Surrogate Equivalents.
The objective of the current study was to use the impact response data of age equivalent swine from Yaek et al. (2018) to assess the validity of scaling laws used to develop lateral impact response corridors from adult porcine surrogate equivalents (PSE) to the 3-year-old, 6-year-old, and 10-year-old for the thorax and abdominal body regions. Lateral impact response corridors were created from 50th adult male PSE pendulum lateral impact T1, T14, and L6 accelerations and pendulum impact force time histories for the thorax and abdomen testing performed. The ISO 9790 scaling technique using length, mass, and elastic modulus s...
Source: Stapp Car Crash Journal - April 21, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Stapp Car Crash J Source Type: research

A Shoulder Injury Criterion for the EuroSID-2re Applicable in a Large Loading Condition Spectrum of the Military Domain.
Authors: Lebarbé M, Baudrit P, Lafont D Abstract The EuroSID-2re (ES-2re) is an Anthropometric Test Device (ATD) from the automotive domain designed for lateral impact. Since the 2000's, it has also been used by NATO armies to assess the risk of injury to armored vehicles occupants submitted to an Improvised Explosive Device (IED) attack. The resulting loading conditions from an explosion can vary a lot in term of impact velocity and duration. They range from high velocity impacts (~28 m/s), characterized by a short duration (~10 ms) corresponding to cases where the panel deforms under an explosion, to low v...
Source: Stapp Car Crash Journal - April 21, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Stapp Car Crash J Source Type: research

Far Side Impact Injury Threshold Recommendations Based on 6 Paired WorldSID / Post-Mortem Human Subjects Tests.
Authors: Petit P, Trosseille X, Uriot J, Poulard D, Potier P, Baudrit P, Compigne S, Kunisada M, Tsurui K Abstract Far side has been identified in the literature as a potential cause of numerous injuries and fatalities. Euro NCAP developed a far side test protocol to be performed to assess adult protection. A monitoring phase was undertaken between January 2018 and December 2019, and the far side assessment will become part of the rating for all vehicles launched in 2020 onward. A test buck was developed and 6 paired WorldSID / Post Mortem Human Subjects (PMHS) were subjected to the test protocol proposed by Euro N...
Source: Stapp Car Crash Journal - April 21, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Stapp Car Crash J Source Type: research

PMHS and WorldSID Kinematic and Injury Response in Far-Side Events in a Vehicle-Based Test Environment.
Authors: Perez-Rapela D, Donlon JP, Forman JL, Crandall JR, Pipkorn B, Shurtz BK, Markusic C Abstract Far-side kinematics and injury are influenced by the occupant environment. The goal of the present study was to evaluate in-vehicle human far-side kinematics, kinetics and injury and to assess the ability of the WorldSID to represent them. A series of tests with five Post-Mortem Human Subjects and the WorldSID were conducted in a vehicle-based sled test environment. The surrogates were subjected to a far-side pulse of 16.5 g in a 75-degree impact direction. The PMHS were instrumented with 6 degree-of-freedom sensor...
Source: Stapp Car Crash Journal - April 21, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Stapp Car Crash J Source Type: research

Development of a Subhuman Primate Brain Finite Element Model to Investigate Brain Injury Thresholds Induced by Head Rotation.
Authors: Arora T, Zhang L, Prasad P Abstract An anatomically detailed rhesus monkey brain FE model was developed to simulate in vivo responses of the brain of sub-human primates subjected to rotational accelerations resulting in diffuse axonal injury (DAI). The material properties used in the monkey model are those in the GHBMC 50th percentile male head model (Global Human Body Model Consortium). The angular loading simulations consisted of coronal, oblique and sagittal plane rotations with the center of rotation in neck to duplicate experimental conditions. Maximum principal strain (MPS) and Cumulative strain dama...
Source: Stapp Car Crash Journal - April 21, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Stapp Car Crash J Source Type: research

Human Response and Injury Resulting from Head Impacts with Unmanned Aircraft Systems.
Authors: Stark DB, Willis AK, Eshelman Z, Kang YS, Ramachandra R, Bolte JH, McCrink M Abstract Unmanned aircraft systems (UAS), commonly known as drones, are part of a new and budding industry in the United States. Economic and public benefits associated with UAS use across multiple commercial sectors are driving new regulations which alter the stringent laws currently restricting UAS flights over people. As new regulations are enacted and more UAS populate the national airspace, there is a need to both understand and quantify the risk associated with UAS impacts with the uninvolved public. The purpose of this stud...
Source: Stapp Car Crash Journal - April 21, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Stapp Car Crash J Source Type: research

Brain Strain from Motion of Sparse Markers.
Authors: Zhou Z, Li X, Kleiven S, Hardy WN Abstract Brain strain secondary to head impact or inertial loading is closely associated with pathologic observations in the brain. The only experimental brain strain dataset under loadings close to traumatic levels was calculated by imposing the experimentally measured motion of markers embedded in the brain to an auxiliary model formed by triad elements (Hardy et al., 2007). However, fidelity of the calculated strain as well as the suitability of using triad elements for three-dimensional (3D) strain estimation remains to be verified. Therefore, this study proposes to us...
Source: Stapp Car Crash Journal - April 21, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Stapp Car Crash J Source Type: research

Kinematics of inboard-leaning occupants in frontal impacts.
Conclusions: The posture-induced increase in the distance between the D-ring and the shoulder permitted the increased maximum forward head displacement and increased maximum head resultant velocity relative to the vehicle interior. Thus, an initial inboard lean in a frontal impact may increase the risk and severity of a head strike to the vehicle interior, and alter the location, timing, and nature of airbag engagement. PMID: 32315202 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - April 21, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Donlon JP, Richardson R, Jayathirtha M, Forman J, Kerrigan J, Kent R, Arbogast KB, Maripudi V, Scavnicky M Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Investigation of the instinctive reaction of human drivers in social dilemma based on the use of a driving simulator and a questionnaire survey.
Conclusion: A conclusion can be drawn from the second and third group of experiments that most drivers consider not only their own safety, but the safety of pedestrians. Most of the participants intended to minimize the total amount of harm in social dilemma. The choice of crashing into barriers to protect a pedestrian can also be seen as a way to minimize the total amount of harm. PMID: 32310690 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - April 20, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Gao Z, Sun Y, Hu H, Zhang T, Gao F Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Drivers' visual attention during the onset of the circular yellow indication at high-speed signalized intersections.
Conclusions: This study highlights the importance of understanding the fixation behavior of drivers and the factors that influence drivers' visual attention. These findings could guide future efforts by the transportation community to involve drivers in training programs to emphasize the risks associated with ignoring rear view mirrors during their response to CY indications. PMID: 32310676 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - April 20, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Aswad Mohammed H, Hurwitz DS, Macuga KL Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Injury severity analysis of truck-involved crashes under different weather conditions
Publication date: June 2020Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 141Author(s): Majbah Uddin, Nathan Huynh (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - April 18, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

At what cost? How planned collisions with pedestrians may save lives
Publication date: June 2020Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 141Author(s): Michael D. Robinson, Craig E. Beal, Sean N. Brennan (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - April 18, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Analyzing traffic violation behavior at urban intersections: A spatio-temporal kernel density estimation approach using automated enforcement system data
Publication date: June 2020Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 141Author(s): Yunxuan Li, Mohamed Abdel-Aty, Jinghui Yuan, Zeyang Cheng, Jian Lu (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - April 18, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Cyclist crash rates and risk factors in a prospective cohort in seven European cities
Publication date: June 2020Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 141Author(s): Michael Branion-Calles, Thomas Götschi, Trisalyn Nelson, Esther Anaya-Boig, Ione Avila-Palencia, Alberto Castro, Tom Cole-Hunter, Audrey de Nazelle, Evi Dons, Mailin Gaupp-Berghausen, Regine Gerike, Luc Int Panis, Sonja Kahlmeier, Mark Nieuwenhuijsen, David Rojas-Rueda, Meghan Winters (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - April 16, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: June 2020Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 140Author(s): (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - April 16, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Awareness, perception and experience on child restraint system (CRS) and its legislation among Malaysian parents with newborns.
Conclusions: Although majority of the parents were aware about CRS, but only half had a CRS for their current newborn. Most of the parents supported CRS legislation in Malaysia, but assistance will be required to help them through challenges related to CRS use. PMID: 32297815 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - April 16, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Ang JY, Lai JM, Hss AS, Ramalingam P, Ramasamy M, Zainuddin NS, Shaari H, Ahmad-Aduan A, Sanimi NS, Bahari N Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Casualty risk of e-bike rider struck by passenger vehicle using China in-depth accident data.
Conclusions: The findings of this study provide meaningful insights to formulate effective policies especially for speed limit management to improve the safety of e-bikes. PMID: 32297809 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - April 16, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Hu L, Hu X, Wang J, Kuang A, Hao W, Lin M Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Influence of red-light violation warning systems on driver behavior - a driving simulator study.
Conclusions: The findings suggest that the presence of an RLVW system sends a clear message to the driver about the change in traffic light and gives the driver ample time to adapt their initial approach speed to stop at the signal, avoiding potential intersection crashes. PMID: 32297803 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - April 16, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Banerjee S, Jeihani M, Khadem NK, Kabir MM Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Injury severity analysis of truck-involved crashes under different weather conditions.
Abstract This paper investigates truck-involved crashes to determine the statistically significant factors that contribute to injury severity under different weather conditions. The analysis uses crash data from the state of Ohio between 2011 and 2015 available from the Highway Safety Information System. To determine if weather conditions should be considered separately for truck safety analyses, parameter transferability tests are conducted; the results suggest that weather conditions should be modeled separately with a high level of statistical confidence. To this end, three separate mixed logit models are estim...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - April 16, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Uddin M, Huynh N Tags: Accid Anal Prev Source Type: research