Modelling bus-pedestrian crash severity in the state of Victoria, Australia
This study aims to fulfil this gap by investigating the factors affecting the severity of pedestrian injuries. A data set of bus-pedestrian crashes in the State of Victoria, Australia was analysed over the period of 2006 - 2019. Through the results of association rule discovery method, the factors that increase the risk of pedestrian fatality are darkness, pedestrian walking on carriageway with traffic, intersections, high speed zone, old pedestrian, young bus driver and weekend holidays. Furthermore, co-occurrence of factors that increase the risk of a pedestrian fatality were extracted. To reduce the injuries of bus-pede...
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - April 6, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Seyed Alireza Samerei Kayvan Aghabayk Nirajan Shiwakoti Sajjad Karimi Source Type: research

Investigation of factors contributing to injury severity in single vehicle motorcycle crashes in India
This study provides useful insights for reducing injury severity in single-vehicle motorcycle crashes.PMID:33820490 | DOI:10.1080/17457300.2021.1908367 (Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion)
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - April 6, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Sathish Kumar Sivasankaran Harikrishna Rangam Venkatesh Balasubramanian Source Type: research

Modelling bus-pedestrian crash severity in the state of Victoria, Australia
This study aims to fulfil this gap by investigating the factors affecting the severity of pedestrian injuries. A data set of bus-pedestrian crashes in the State of Victoria, Australia was analysed over the period of 2006 - 2019. Through the results of association rule discovery method, the factors that increase the risk of pedestrian fatality are darkness, pedestrian walking on carriageway with traffic, intersections, high speed zone, old pedestrian, young bus driver and weekend holidays. Furthermore, co-occurrence of factors that increase the risk of a pedestrian fatality were extracted. To reduce the injuries of bus-pede...
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - April 6, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Seyed Alireza Samerei Kayvan Aghabayk Nirajan Shiwakoti Sajjad Karimi Source Type: research

A machine learning approach for building an adaptive, real-time decision support system for emergency response to road traffic injuries
Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot. 2021 Apr 5:1-16. doi: 10.1080/17457300.2021.1907596. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTIn this paper, historical data about road traffic accidents are utilized to build a decision support system for emergency response to road traffic injuries in real-time. A cost-sensitive artificial neural network with a novel heuristic cost matrix has been used to build a classifier capable of predicting the injury severity of occupants involved in crashes. The proposed system was designed to be used by the medical services dispatchers to better assess the severity of road traffic injuries, and therefore to better...
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - April 5, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Salah Taamneh Madhar M Taamneh Source Type: research

SafetyCube: Framework for potential pedestrian risk analysis using multi-dimensional OLAP
In this study, we propose a framework for potential pedestrian risk analysis using a multi-dimensional on-line analytical processing (OLAP), called SafetyCube, which enables decision-makers to understand the situations by scrutinizing interactive behaviors between vehicle and pedestrian. First, we collect the behavioral features of traffic-related objects (e.g., vehicles and pedestrians) extracted from closed circuit televisions (CCTVs) deployed on crosswalks throughout the overall urban, and accumulate them in a data warehouse over an extended period in order to construct a data cube model. Then, we conduct comprehensive ...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - April 5, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Byeongjoon Noh Hwasoo Yeo Source Type: research

Impact of adaptive cruise control (ACC) system on fatality and injury reduction in China
CONCLUSIONS: The result clearly shows that the ACC system can improve road traffic safety in China. Technical limitations have a great impact on ACC's safety benefits. Of all of the limiting factors, the turn-on rate provides the most room for improvement, and improving the suitability of the ACC system on curved and sloped roads provides the smallest effect.PMID:33819126 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1896715 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - April 5, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Hong Tan Fuquan Zhao Zongwei Liu Source Type: research

A machine learning approach for building an adaptive, real-time decision support system for emergency response to road traffic injuries
Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot. 2021 Apr 5:1-16. doi: 10.1080/17457300.2021.1907596. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTIn this paper, historical data about road traffic accidents are utilized to build a decision support system for emergency response to road traffic injuries in real-time. A cost-sensitive artificial neural network with a novel heuristic cost matrix has been used to build a classifier capable of predicting the injury severity of occupants involved in crashes. The proposed system was designed to be used by the medical services dispatchers to better assess the severity of road traffic injuries, and therefore to better...
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - April 5, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Salah Taamneh Madhar M Taamneh Source Type: research

Impact of adaptive cruise control (ACC) system on fatality and injury reduction in China
CONCLUSIONS: The result clearly shows that the ACC system can improve road traffic safety in China. Technical limitations have a great impact on ACC's safety benefits. Of all of the limiting factors, the turn-on rate provides the most room for improvement, and improving the suitability of the ACC system on curved and sloped roads provides the smallest effect.PMID:33819126 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1896715 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - April 5, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Hong Tan Fuquan Zhao Zongwei Liu Source Type: research

SafetyCube: Framework for potential pedestrian risk analysis using multi-dimensional OLAP
In this study, we propose a framework for potential pedestrian risk analysis using a multi-dimensional on-line analytical processing (OLAP), called SafetyCube, which enables decision-makers to understand the situations by scrutinizing interactive behaviors between vehicle and pedestrian. First, we collect the behavioral features of traffic-related objects (e.g., vehicles and pedestrians) extracted from closed circuit televisions (CCTVs) deployed on crosswalks throughout the overall urban, and accumulate them in a data warehouse over an extended period in order to construct a data cube model. Then, we conduct comprehensive ...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - April 5, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Byeongjoon Noh Hwasoo Yeo Source Type: research

Impact of adaptive cruise control (ACC) system on fatality and injury reduction in China
CONCLUSIONS: The result clearly shows that the ACC system can improve road traffic safety in China. Technical limitations have a great impact on ACC's safety benefits. Of all of the limiting factors, the turn-on rate provides the most room for improvement, and improving the suitability of the ACC system on curved and sloped roads provides the smallest effect.PMID:33819126 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1896715 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - April 5, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Hong Tan Fuquan Zhao Zongwei Liu Source Type: research

SafetyCube: Framework for potential pedestrian risk analysis using multi-dimensional OLAP
In this study, we propose a framework for potential pedestrian risk analysis using a multi-dimensional on-line analytical processing (OLAP), called SafetyCube, which enables decision-makers to understand the situations by scrutinizing interactive behaviors between vehicle and pedestrian. First, we collect the behavioral features of traffic-related objects (e.g., vehicles and pedestrians) extracted from closed circuit televisions (CCTVs) deployed on crosswalks throughout the overall urban, and accumulate them in a data warehouse over an extended period in order to construct a data cube model. Then, we conduct comprehensive ...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - April 5, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Byeongjoon Noh Hwasoo Yeo Source Type: research

SafetyCube: Framework for potential pedestrian risk analysis using multi-dimensional OLAP
Publication date: June 2021Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 155Author(s): Byeongjoon Noh, Hwasoo Yeo (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - April 4, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: May 2021Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 154Author(s): (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - April 4, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

A real-time video surveillance system for traffic pre-events detection
In this study, a conceptual framework is proposed for the development of a video surveillance-based system for improving road safety. Based on the framework, a set of algorithms are developed which are capable of detecting various traffic pre-events from traffic videos, such as speed violation, one-way traffic, overtaking, illegal parking, and wrong drop-off location of passengers. After detecting the pre-events, an alarm will be automatically generated in the control room which helps to take precautionary measures to avoid any potential mishap on road, thereby, improving the road safety. In previous studies, a single syst...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - April 2, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Anima Pramanik Sobhan Sarkar J Maiti Source Type: research

Erratum to "A method for predicting crash configurations using counterfactual simulations and real-world data" [Accid. Anal. Prev. 150C (2021) 105932]
Accid Anal Prev. 2021 Mar 30;155:106084. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106084. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33798798 | DOI:10.1016/j.aap.2021.106084 (Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention.)
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - April 2, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Alexandros Leledakis Magdalena Lindman Jonas Östh Linus W ågström Johan Davidsson Lotta Jakobsson Source Type: research

Stated acceptance and behavioral responses of drivers towards innovative connected vehicle applications
Accid Anal Prev. 2021 Mar 30;155:106095. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106095. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThis research is aimed at investigating drivers' attitudes towards connected vehicle technology in general and two connected vehicle applications in particular-Lane Speed Monitoring and High Speed Differential Warning-which have been demonstrated via simulation to be effective in enhancing traffic mobility and safety, respectively. An online survey was sent to customers of an automobile manufacturer in the United States. Out of the 1453 survey responses that were received, 650 complete and valid responses were used to ana...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - April 2, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Weixia Li Guoyuan Wu Danya Yao Yi Zhang Matthew J Barth Kanok Boriboonsomsin Source Type: research

Erratum to "A method for predicting crash configurations using counterfactual simulations and real-world data" [Accid. Anal. Prev. 150C (2021) 105932]
Accid Anal Prev. 2021 Mar 30;155:106084. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106084. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33798798 | DOI:10.1016/j.aap.2021.106084 (Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention.)
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - April 2, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Alexandros Leledakis Magdalena Lindman Jonas Östh Linus W ågström Johan Davidsson Lotta Jakobsson Source Type: research

Stated acceptance and behavioral responses of drivers towards innovative connected vehicle applications
Accid Anal Prev. 2021 Mar 30;155:106095. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106095. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThis research is aimed at investigating drivers' attitudes towards connected vehicle technology in general and two connected vehicle applications in particular-Lane Speed Monitoring and High Speed Differential Warning-which have been demonstrated via simulation to be effective in enhancing traffic mobility and safety, respectively. An online survey was sent to customers of an automobile manufacturer in the United States. Out of the 1453 survey responses that were received, 650 complete and valid responses were used to ana...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - April 2, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Weixia Li Guoyuan Wu Danya Yao Yi Zhang Matthew J Barth Kanok Boriboonsomsin Source Type: research

A real-time video surveillance system for traffic pre-events detection
In this study, a conceptual framework is proposed for the development of a video surveillance-based system for improving road safety. Based on the framework, a set of algorithms are developed which are capable of detecting various traffic pre-events from traffic videos, such as speed violation, one-way traffic, overtaking, illegal parking, and wrong drop-off location of passengers. After detecting the pre-events, an alarm will be automatically generated in the control room which helps to take precautionary measures to avoid any potential mishap on road, thereby, improving the road safety. In previous studies, a single syst...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - April 2, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Anima Pramanik Sobhan Sarkar J Maiti Source Type: research

A real-time video surveillance system for traffic pre-events detection
In this study, a conceptual framework is proposed for the development of a video surveillance-based system for improving road safety. Based on the framework, a set of algorithms are developed which are capable of detecting various traffic pre-events from traffic videos, such as speed violation, one-way traffic, overtaking, illegal parking, and wrong drop-off location of passengers. After detecting the pre-events, an alarm will be automatically generated in the control room which helps to take precautionary measures to avoid any potential mishap on road, thereby, improving the road safety. In previous studies, a single syst...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - April 2, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Anima Pramanik Sobhan Sarkar J Maiti Source Type: research

Erratum to "A method for predicting crash configurations using counterfactual simulations and real-world data" [Accid. Anal. Prev. 150C (2021) 105932]
Accid Anal Prev. 2021 Mar 30;155:106084. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106084. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33798798 | DOI:10.1016/j.aap.2021.106084 (Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention.)
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - April 2, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Alexandros Leledakis Magdalena Lindman Jonas Östh Linus W ågström Johan Davidsson Lotta Jakobsson Source Type: research

Stated acceptance and behavioral responses of drivers towards innovative connected vehicle applications
Accid Anal Prev. 2021 Mar 30;155:106095. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106095. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThis research is aimed at investigating drivers' attitudes towards connected vehicle technology in general and two connected vehicle applications in particular-Lane Speed Monitoring and High Speed Differential Warning-which have been demonstrated via simulation to be effective in enhancing traffic mobility and safety, respectively. An online survey was sent to customers of an automobile manufacturer in the United States. Out of the 1453 survey responses that were received, 650 complete and valid responses were used to ana...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - April 2, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Weixia Li Guoyuan Wu Danya Yao Yi Zhang Matthew J Barth Kanok Boriboonsomsin Source Type: research

A real-time video surveillance system for traffic pre-events detection
Publication date: May 2021Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 154Author(s): Anima Pramanik, Sobhan Sarkar, J. Maiti (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - March 31, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Erratum to “A method for predicting crash configurations using counterfactual simulations and real-world data” [Accid. Anal. Prev. 150C (2021) 105932]
Publication date: June 2021Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 155Author(s): Alexandros Leledakis, Magdalena Lindman, Jonas Östh, Linus Wågström, Johan Davidsson, Lotta Jakobsson (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - March 31, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Stated acceptance and behavioral responses of drivers towards innovative connected vehicle applications
Publication date: June 2021Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 155Author(s): Weixia Li, Guoyuan Wu, Danya Yao, Yi Zhang, Matthew J. Barth, Kanok Boriboonsomsin (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - March 31, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

The association between vehicle rim type and risk of occupant injury
CONCLUSION: Alloy rims are more brittle and, as a result, destructive loading is realized with less severe impact. The critical failure increases the amount of loading that needs to be distributed by the restraint system and results in injury.PMID:33787405 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1894638 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 31, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Luke Gaylor Mirko Junge Source Type: research

The association between vehicle rim type and risk of occupant injury
CONCLUSION: Alloy rims are more brittle and, as a result, destructive loading is realized with less severe impact. The critical failure increases the amount of loading that needs to be distributed by the restraint system and results in injury.PMID:33787405 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1894638 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 31, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Luke Gaylor Mirko Junge Source Type: research

The association between vehicle rim type and risk of occupant injury
CONCLUSION: Alloy rims are more brittle and, as a result, destructive loading is realized with less severe impact. The critical failure increases the amount of loading that needs to be distributed by the restraint system and results in injury.PMID:33787405 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1894638 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 31, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Luke Gaylor Mirko Junge Source Type: research

The association between vehicle rim type and risk of occupant injury
CONCLUSION: Alloy rims are more brittle and, as a result, destructive loading is realized with less severe impact. The critical failure increases the amount of loading that needs to be distributed by the restraint system and results in injury.PMID:33787405 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1894638 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 31, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Luke Gaylor Mirko Junge Source Type: research

The association between vehicle rim type and risk of occupant injury
CONCLUSION: Alloy rims are more brittle and, as a result, destructive loading is realized with less severe impact. The critical failure increases the amount of loading that needs to be distributed by the restraint system and results in injury.PMID:33787405 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1894638 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 31, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Luke Gaylor Mirko Junge Source Type: research

Head impact forces in blind football are greater in competition than training and increased cervical strength may reduce impact magnitude
This study aims to quantify head impact incidence and magnitude in Blind Football, and to examine contributing factors. This Observational study based on a Blind Football Team comprising seven male athletes 28.63 years (SD 9.74, range 16-46) over 6 months. Head mounted impact sensors were used to measure the frequency and location of impacts, as well as their linear acceleration and rotational velocity. Cervical isometric strength and proprioception was measured. There were 374 impacts recorded in 212.5 athlete hours. There was a higher rate of impacts in matches than training (Incidence Risk Ratio 2.58, 95% CI 2.01-3.30)....
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - March 30, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Daniel Fitzpatrick Peter Thompson Courtney Kipps Nick Webborn Source Type: research

The Effect of Educational Intervention on Promoting Safe Behaviors in Textile workers
In conclusion, appropriately developed educational intervention program has led to improved safety practices among the workers in the present study.PMID:33783317 | DOI:10.1080/10803548.2021.1911124 (Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics)
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - March 30, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Farideh Hatami Reyhaneh Kakavand Source Type: research

Head impact forces in blind football are greater in competition than training and increased cervical strength may reduce impact magnitude
This study aims to quantify head impact incidence and magnitude in Blind Football, and to examine contributing factors. This Observational study based on a Blind Football Team comprising seven male athletes 28.63 years (SD 9.74, range 16-46) over 6 months. Head mounted impact sensors were used to measure the frequency and location of impacts, as well as their linear acceleration and rotational velocity. Cervical isometric strength and proprioception was measured. There were 374 impacts recorded in 212.5 athlete hours. There was a higher rate of impacts in matches than training (Incidence Risk Ratio 2.58, 95% CI 2.01-3.30)....
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - March 30, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Daniel Fitzpatrick Peter Thompson Courtney Kipps Nick Webborn Source Type: research

How automated vehicles should operate to avoid fatal crashes with cyclists?
Accid Anal Prev. 2021 Mar 26;154:106097. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106097. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe study assesses what kind of features would allow highly automated vehicles' (HAVs) safe operation in encounters with cyclists and allow avoiding fatal crashes between cyclists and passenger cars. Five features of HAVs' capabilities are formed based on previous studies and evaluated qualitatively using data from fatal crashes between driver-managed passenger cars and cyclist in Finland. By analysing these crashes, it is assessed which features HAVs should have in order to avoid each crash in a hypothetical setting, in ...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - March 29, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Roni Utriainen Markus P öllänen Source Type: research

How automated vehicles should operate to avoid fatal crashes with cyclists?
Accid Anal Prev. 2021 Mar 26;154:106097. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106097. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe study assesses what kind of features would allow highly automated vehicles' (HAVs) safe operation in encounters with cyclists and allow avoiding fatal crashes between cyclists and passenger cars. Five features of HAVs' capabilities are formed based on previous studies and evaluated qualitatively using data from fatal crashes between driver-managed passenger cars and cyclist in Finland. By analysing these crashes, it is assessed which features HAVs should have in order to avoid each crash in a hypothetical setting, in ...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - March 29, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Roni Utriainen Markus P öllänen Source Type: research

How automated vehicles should operate to avoid fatal crashes with cyclists?
Accid Anal Prev. 2021 Mar 26;154:106097. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106097. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe study assesses what kind of features would allow highly automated vehicles' (HAVs) safe operation in encounters with cyclists and allow avoiding fatal crashes between cyclists and passenger cars. Five features of HAVs' capabilities are formed based on previous studies and evaluated qualitatively using data from fatal crashes between driver-managed passenger cars and cyclist in Finland. By analysing these crashes, it is assessed which features HAVs should have in order to avoid each crash in a hypothetical setting, in ...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - March 29, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Roni Utriainen Markus P öllänen Source Type: research

How automated vehicles should operate to avoid fatal crashes with cyclists?
Accid Anal Prev. 2021 Mar 27;154:106097. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106097. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe study assesses what kind of features would allow highly automated vehicles' (HAVs) safe operation in encounters with cyclists and allow avoiding fatal crashes between cyclists and passenger cars. Five features of HAVs' capabilities are formed based on previous studies and evaluated qualitatively using data from fatal crashes between driver-managed passenger cars and cyclist in Finland. By analysing these crashes, it is assessed which features HAVs should have in order to avoid each crash in a hypothetical setting, in ...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - March 29, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Roni Utriainen Markus P öllänen Source Type: research

Exploring the determinants of older adults' susceptibility to pedestrians' incidents
This study contributes to the literature by examining the factors that influence older adults' susceptibility to pedestrian incidents (falls incidents and pedestrian-vehicle collisions). To this end, a sample of older adults living in the Greater Golden Horseshoe, South Ontario, Canada was surveyed. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) and Structural Equation Modeling (SEM), to identify several latent factors that are significantly associated with older adults' involvement in pedestrian incidents. The results revealed that the factors that affect older adults' susceptibili...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - March 28, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Saba Doulabi Hany M Hassan Mark R Ferguson Saiedeh Razavi Antonio Paez Source Type: research

Exploring the determinants of older adults' susceptibility to pedestrians' incidents
This study contributes to the literature by examining the factors that influence older adults' susceptibility to pedestrian incidents (falls incidents and pedestrian-vehicle collisions). To this end, a sample of older adults living in the Greater Golden Horseshoe, South Ontario, Canada was surveyed. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) and Structural Equation Modeling (SEM), to identify several latent factors that are significantly associated with older adults' involvement in pedestrian incidents. The results revealed that the factors that affect older adults' susceptibili...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - March 28, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Saba Doulabi Hany M Hassan Mark R Ferguson Saiedeh Razavi Antonio Paez Source Type: research

Exploring the determinants of older adults’ susceptibility to pedestrians’ incidents
Publication date: June 2021Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 155Author(s): Saba Doulabi, Hany M. Hassan, Mark R. Ferguson, Saiedeh Razavi, Antonio Paez (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - March 28, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

How automated vehicles should operate to avoid fatal crashes with cyclists?
Publication date: May 2021Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 154Author(s): Roni Utriainen, Markus Pöllänen (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - March 28, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Trajectory data based freeway high-risk events prediction and its influencing factors analyses
In this study, HighD Dataset from German highways was utilized for the empirical analyses. First, high-risk events were obtained using safety surrogate measures with Modified Time to Collision (MTTC) less than 2 s. Traffic operation characteristics within 5 s prior to event occurrence were extracted based on vehicle trajectory data. Then, a total of three different logistic regression models were established, which are standard logistic regression model, random-effects logistic regression (RELR) model, and random-parameter logistic regression (RPLR) model. Among which, the RPLR model was showed to have the best fitness and...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - March 27, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Rongjie Yu Lei Han Hui Zhang Source Type: research

Causes of pedelec (pedal electric cycle) single accidents and their influence on injury severity
Accid Anal Prev. 2021 Mar 25;154:106082. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106082. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTPedelecs (pedal electric cycles) have become increasingly popular in recent years. This increase may trigger many positive effects, but unfortunately it also results in an increase in accidents, especially single accidents, involving these vehicles. This investigation analyses 1738 free text descriptions of pedelec single accidents written by police officers on site. The accidents occurred in 2016 and 2017 in 14 federal German states. The aim is to evaluate whether pedelec single accidents have specific causes that have n...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - March 27, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Tobias Panwinkler Christian Holz-Rau Source Type: research

Analysing the main and interaction effects of commercial vehicle mix and roadway attributes on crash rates using a Bayesian random-parameter Tobit model
Accid Anal Prev. 2021 Mar 24;154:106089. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106089. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTIn previous research, the effects of commercial vehicle proportions (CVP) on overall crash propensity have been found to be significant, but the results have been varied in terms of the effect direction. In addition, the mediating or moderating effects of roadway attributes on the CVP-vs-safety relationships, have not been investigated. In addressing this gap in the literature, this study integrates databases on crashes, traffic, and inventory for Hong Kong road segments spanning 2014-2017. The classes of commercial vehic...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - March 27, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Tiantian Chen N N Sze Sikai Chen Samuel Labi Qiang Zeng Source Type: research

Can the effectiveness of driver education be sustained? Effects of driving breaks on novice drivers' traffic violations
Accid Anal Prev. 2021 Mar 25;154:106083. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106083. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTPrior studies have shown that driver education can reduce traffic violations. However, few studies have examined how driving break between driver education and owning a car influences novice drivers' traffic violations. The main objective of this study is to examine the association between driving break and traffic violations. Data from 356,786 drivers with a total of 978,855 violations during their first year of driving were extracted from the Wuhan Traffic Management Bureau. Specifically, we focused on three outcome mea...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - March 27, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Tao Wang Wenlong Mu Nan Cui Source Type: research

Can the effectiveness of driver education be sustained? Effects of driving breaks on novice drivers’ traffic violations
Publication date: May 2021Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 154Author(s): Tao Wang, Wenlong Mu, Nan Cui (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - March 26, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Causes of pedelec (pedal electric cycle) single accidents and their influence on injury severity
Publication date: May 2021Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 154Author(s): Tobias Panwinkler, Christian Holz-Rau (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - March 26, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research