Evaluating the effectiveness of new-designed crosswalk markings at intersections in China considering vehicle-pedestrian interaction.
Abstract Crosswalk markings are a type of facility installed at the vehicle-pedestrian interaction locations and the function is to warn drivers to watch out for pedestrians crossing the street and improve safety for pedestrians. In Beijing, a type of new-designed crosswalk markings in China (NCMC) was installed. However, evaluating the effectiveness of this type of crosswalk markings was not conducted. Accordingly, the objective of this paper is to evaluate the effectiveness of this type of new-designed crosswalk markings. During the evaluation process, the vehicle-pedestrian interaction was considered; standard ...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - March 12, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Bian Y, Liang K, Zhao X, Li H, Yang L Tags: Accid Anal Prev Source Type: research

Transferability of safety performance functions and hotspot identification for freeways of the United States and China.
Abstract Safety performance function (SPF) has been a vital tool in traffic safety evaluation including finding contributing factors to crashes, identifying hotspots, and assessing safety effects of countermeasures. In the United States (U.S.), the Highway Safety Manual provides a number of SPFs for a variety of road facilities. Due to the limited availability of traffic data in many regions, the transferability of SPFs has been an important topic in traffic safety analysis and has been evaluated by several studies. Nevertheless, the international transferability of freeway SPFs and the applicability of transferre...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - March 11, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Feng M, Wang X, Lee J, Abdel-Aty M, Mao S Tags: Accid Anal Prev Source Type: research

Analysis of the effects of visibility and warning devices on driver injury severity at highway-rail grade crossings considering temporal transferability of data.
This study explores the joint effect of visibility and warning devices on driver injury severity at the highway-rail grade crossings (HRGCs), while also considering other contributing factors. For this purpose, four mixed logit models are developed to estimate the determinants of driver injury severity considering the combinations of visibility conditions (daylight vs. no daylight) and type of warning devices (active vs. passive warning). The models were calibrated using the data obtained from the USDOT Federal Railroad Administration for HRGC crashes that occurred over a ten-year period 2008-2017 across the United States....
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - March 11, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot Source Type: research

Epidemiology of fatal crashes in an underdeveloped city for the decade 2008-2017.
Authors: Liang M, Zhang Y, Qu G, Yao Z, Min M, Shi T, Duan L, Sun Y Abstract The road traffic accident is an important public health issue affecting social development and public safety. The purpose of this study is to describe the situation of traffic accidents, and to explore the relationship between fatal traffic accidents and risk factors in Suzhou city of Anhui province in China. The accident data was obtained from the Traffic Police Detachment of the Suzhou Public Security Bureau. Other vehicle, population and road information are derived from Suzhou Statistical Yearbook. Descriptive analysis was used to summ...
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - March 11, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot Source Type: research

Application of multi-group structural equation modelling for investigation of traffic barrier crash severity.
This study was conducted by adopting multi-group SEM to unlock the complicated relationship between confounding factors and traffic barrier crash severity by considering differences across two important groups. Due to the possible difference across different highway systems, multi-group SEM was used instead of standard SEM to account for the differences across highway and interstate roadway system. SEM is a combination of confirmatory and path analysis, which could examine relationship between different observed and latent factors. Besides using factor analysis for identification of latent factors, item/variable cluster an...
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - March 11, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot Source Type: research

Analysis of crash injury severity on two trans-European transport network corridors in Spain using discrete-choice models and random forests.
Conclusions: The contribution of this paper to the existing literature is two-fold: the first important contribution of the paper is related to the safety analysis of two of the most important freight corridors in Spain and southern Europe. The second contribution of this paper is to address the existing gap in the literature relating to the comparison and compatibility of data mining and the logistic regression model. PMID: 32160016 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 10, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Dadashova B, Arenas-Ramires B, Mira-McWillaims J, Dixon K, Lord D Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Psychological predictors of seat belt usage among university student passengers and an examination of the differences between the front and rear seats.
Conclusions: The present research adds further empirical evidence regarding the ability of the TPB to predict seat belt usage behavior. In addition, the current research results may provide a theoretical basis for policy-making aiming to improve university students' seat belt usage. PMID: 32160009 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 10, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Jiang K, Yang Z, Feng Z, Yu Z, Huang Z Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Proactive crash risk prediction modeling for merging assistance system at interchange merging areas.
Conclusions: The results suggest that the nested logit model has the highest prediction accuracy. It is concluded that the merging speed, driving ability (i.e., lane-keeping instability), and the vehicle type in the target lane affect the crash risk. Finally, the implementation of the proposed prediction model for merging assistance system is designed. The findings from this study can have implications for the design of the merging assistance system for helping drivers make safe merging decisions and thus enhancing the safety of the interchange merging area. PMID: 32154738 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: ...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 9, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Gu X, Cai Q, Lee J, Xiang Q, Ma Y, Xu X Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Infant car seat use in Japan after the antepartum distribution of an educational leaflet: A prospective, nonrandomized controlled trial with a questionnaire survey.
Conclusions: Antepartum minimal intervention via the distribution of an educational leaflet recommending ICS safety guidelines was associated with increased rates of ICS attachments, always ICS use, and ICS placement on the rear seat and in rear-facing positions; however, it did not contribute to reduced MVA rates after delivery. PMID: 32154734 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 9, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Morikawa M, Yamada T, Kogo H, Sugawara M, Nishikawa A, Fukushi Y, Kato-Hirayama E, Ishioka SI, Watari H Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Understanding vehicle crashes in work zones: Analysis of workplace health and safety data as an alternative to police-reported crash data in Queensland, Australia.
Conclusions: The WHS dataset is a valuable alternative to police-reported crash data for understanding vehicle crash characteristics in work zones, particularly where restrictive reporting criteria lead to inability to identify these crashes in police data. Reliability and utility of WHS data could be improved through advanced reporting systems and procedures, potentially including development of an app-based system for use on mobile electronic devices. PMID: 32154733 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 9, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Blackman R, Debnath AK, Haworth N Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Gender differences in the effectiveness of public education messages aimed at smartphone use among young drivers.
Conclusions: These findings suggest that young male drivers and young female drivers require different message content to be effective and support the importance of including multiple outcome measures to explain the messages' persuasive effects. PMID: 32154732 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 9, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Gauld CS, Lewis IM, White KM, Watson BC, Rose CT, Fleiter JJ Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Road traffic crash experience among commercial motorcyclists in Kigali, Rwanda.
Conclusions: Rwandan commercial motorcyclists demonstrate generally proper safety behaviors, but remain a high-risk occupational group. Road safety policy initiatives have been effective in changing driver behavior regardless of driver safety beliefs. PMID: 32138575 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion)
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - March 8, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot Source Type: research

How do fatalistic beliefs affect the attitudes and pedestrian behaviours of road users in different countries? A cross-cultural study
Publication date: May 2020Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 139Author(s): Rich C. McIlroy, Gilbert O. Kokwaro, Jianping Wu, Usanisa Jikyong, Vũ Hoài Nam, Md. Shamsul Hoque, John M. Preston, Katherine L. Plant, Neville A. Stanton (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - March 7, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

The effects of cognitive distraction on behavioural, oculomotor and electrophysiological metrics during a driving hazard perception task
Publication date: April 2020Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 138Author(s): Steven W. Savage, Douglas D. Potter, Benjamin W. Tatler (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - March 6, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Corrigendum to “Safety climate: Systematic literature network analysis of 38 years (1980–2018) of research” [Accid. Anal. Prev. 135 (2020) 1–16/105387]
Publication date: April 2020Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 138Author(s): Umesh Kumar Bamel, Ritesh Pandey, Amit Gupta (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - March 6, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Towards better road safety management: Lessons learned from inter-national benchmarking
Publication date: April 2020Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 138Author(s): Yongjun Shen, Elke Hermans, Qiong Bao, Tom Brijs, Geert Wets (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - March 6, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Drivers’ gap acceptance behaviours at intersections: A driving simulator study to understand the impact of mobile phone visual-manual interactions
Publication date: April 2020Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 138Author(s): Xiaomeng Li, Oscar Oviedo-Trespalacios, Andry Rakotonirainy (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - March 6, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Evaluating the effects of a simulator-based training on knowledge, attitudes and driving profiles of German ambulance drivers
Publication date: April 2020Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 138Author(s): Maria J. Prohn, Britta Herbig (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - March 6, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Injury Severity for Hazard & Risk Analyses:Calculation of ISO 26262 S-parameter Values from Real-World Crash Data
Publication date: April 2020Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 138Author(s): Jonas Krampe, Mirko Junge (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - March 6, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Do High Visibility Enforcement programs affect aggressive driving behavior? An empirical analysis using Naturalistic Driving Study data
Publication date: April 2020Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 138Author(s): Sarvani Sonduru Pantangi, Grigorios Fountas, Panagiotis Ch. Anastasopoulos, John Pierowicz, Kevin Majka, Alan Blatt (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - March 6, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Estimating near side crash injury risk in best performing passenger vehicles in the United States
Publication date: April 2020Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 138Author(s): Max Bareiss, Hampton C. Gabler (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - March 6, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Geometric effect analysis of highway-rail grade crossing safety performance
Publication date: April 2020Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 138Author(s): Amin Keramati, Pan Lu, Denver Tolliver, Xingju Wang (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - March 6, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

A comparison between Artificial Neural Network and Hybrid Intelligent Genetic Algorithm in predicting the severity of fixed object crashes among elderly drivers
Publication date: April 2020Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 138Author(s): Amir Mohammadian Amiri, Amirhossein Sadri, Navid Nadimi, Moe Shams (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - March 6, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Finding manoeuvre motifs in vehicle telematics
Publication date: April 2020Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 138Author(s): Maria Ines Silva, Roberto Henriques (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - March 6, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Cross-cultural differences in pedestrian behaviors in relation to values: A comparison of five countries
Publication date: April 2020Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 138Author(s): Gaye Solmazer, Derya Azık, Gizem Fındık, Yeşim Üzümcüoğlu, Özlem Ersan, Bilgesu Kaçan, Türker Özkan, Timo Lajunen, Bahar Öz, Anton Pashkevich, Maria Pashkevich, Vassiliki Danelli-Mylona, Dimitra Georgogianni, Ema Berisha Krasniqi, Muhamed Krasniqi, Evangelos Makris, Ksenia Shubenkova, Gentianë Xheladini (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - March 6, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Occupant injuries in light passenger vehicles—A NASS study to enable priorities for development of injury prediction capabilities of human body models
Publication date: April 2020Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 138Author(s): Bengt Pipkorn, Johan Iraeus, Mats Lindkvist, Pradeep Puthan, Olle Bunketorp (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - March 6, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

The real impact of full hydroplaning on driving safety
Publication date: April 2020Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 138Author(s): Florian Spitzhüttl, Fabrice Goizet, Thomas Unger, Frederic Biesse (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - March 6, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

An exploratory step for a general unified approach to labelling of road surface and tyre wet friction
Publication date: April 2020Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 138Author(s): Mauro D’Apuzzo, Azzurra Evangelisti, Vittorio Nicolosi (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - March 6, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Development of an expert derived ICD-AIS map for serious AIS3+ injury identification.
This article describes in detail the mapping process of the International Classification of Diseases Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) and the International Classification of Diseases Tenth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-10-CM) codes to the Abbreviated Injury Scale 2005, Update 2008 (AIS08) codes to identify injury with an AIS severity of 3 or more (AIS3+ severity) to determine 'serious' (MAIS3+) road traffic injuries.Methods: Over 19,000 ICD codes were mapped from the following injury categories; injury ICD-9-CM (Chapter 17) codes between '800 and 999.9' and injury ICD-10-CM (Chapter 19) 'S' and 'T' p...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 5, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Barnes J, Loftis KL, Jones L, Price JP, Gillich PJ, Cookman K, Brammer AL, St Germain T, Graymire V, Nayduch DA, Brennan M Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

How do fatalistic beliefs affect the attitudes and pedestrian behaviours of road users in different countries? A cross-cultural study.
Abstract This paper reports on an exploratory investigation of the influence of five different fatalistic belief constructs (divine control, luck, helplessness, internality, and general fatalism) on three classes of self-reported pedestrian behaviours (memory and attention errors, rule violations, and aggressive behaviours) and on respondents' general attitudes to road safety, and how relationships between constructs differ across countries. A survey of over 3400 respondents across Bangladesh, China, Kenya, Thailand, the UK, and Vietnam revealed a similar pattern for most of the relationships assessed, in most cou...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - March 5, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: McIlroy RC, Kokwaro GO, Wu J, Jikyong U, Nam VH, Hoque MS, Preston JM, Plant KL, Stanton NA Tags: Accid Anal Prev Source Type: research

Impacts of graduated driver licensing regulations
Publication date: May 2020Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 139Author(s): Joe Hirschberg, Jenny Lye (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - March 4, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

An exploratory step for a general unified approach to labelling of road surface and tyre wet friction.
Abstract Wet skid-resistance is of paramount importance for road safety as it has been recognized to affect wet-road accidents. Recently European Regulations are introducing mandatory classification for tyre friction performance by means of tyre labelling procedure. In this paper an experimental study has been carried out in order to search for a relationship between indexes employed in the tyre and pavement classification. Coupled friction tests have been performed in a controlled manner on five test track with varying texture properties and significant statistical relationship has been derived between Wet Grip I...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - March 4, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: D'Apuzzo M, Evangelisti A, Nicolosi V Tags: Accid Anal Prev Source Type: research

Investigation into passing behavior at passing zones to validate and extend the use of driving simulators in two-lane roads safety analysis
Publication date: May 2020Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 139Author(s): A. Karimi, M. Bassani, AM. Boroujerdian, L. Catani (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - March 3, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

The contribution of driving with friends to young drivers’ intention to take risks: An expansion of the theory of planned behavior
Publication date: May 2020Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 139Author(s): Noga Guggenheim, Orit Taubman – Ben-Ari, Elisheva Ben-Artzi (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - March 3, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

A driver behavior assessment and recommendation system for connected vehicles to produce safer driving environments through a “follow the leader” approach
Publication date: May 2020Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 139Author(s): Zihan Hong, Ying Chen, Yang Wu (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - March 3, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Maximum acceptable speed based on physiological performance for different alignments of rural roads under the influence of visibility in fog-a driving simulator study.
Conclusions: The study shows a significant correlation between the drivers' physiological performance and his or her driving speed choice under the influence of visibility in fog. Given visibility conditions and road alignment parameters, we can calculate the maximum acceptable speed that meets the driver's physiological requirements. Such findings should be indicative of real-time traffic management that could reduce the crash risk under inadequate visibility conditions in fog. PMID: 32125892 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 2, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Wang K, Zhang W, Feng Z, Sze NN, Hu Z, Wang C Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Class-imbalanced crash prediction based on real-time traffic and weather data: A driving simulator study.
Conclusion: The findings provide new insights into crash events forecasting and may be used to promote enforcement efforts related to designing crash avoidance/warning systems that enhance the effectiveness of the system's application based on driver input and vehicle kinematics under various weather conditions. PMID: 32125890 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 2, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Elamrani Abou Elassad Z, Mousannif H, Al Moatassime H Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Impacts of graduated driver licensing regulations.
Abstract We evaluate the impact of the Graduated Driver Licensing (GDL) system introduced in Victoria, Australia as they influence both injury and fatality rates. Since 1990, the Victorian GDL scheme has undergone several modifications including the introduction of new requirements and the stricter enforcement of existing regulations. Our evaluation of the GDL is based on monthly mortality and morbidity data for drivers 18-25 for the period January 2000 to June 2017. We estimate the immediate and long-term impacts of each policy change to the GDL system. Our results indicate that several initiatives in the GDL sys...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - March 2, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Hirschberg J, Lye J Tags: Accid Anal Prev Source Type: research

The implementation of per-se limits for driving under the influence of benzodiazepines and related drugs: No increased risk for arrest during therapeutic use in Norway.
Conclusions: The results show that the implementation of legislative limits for BZDs and z-hypnotics may have contributed to DUID suspicion for a small group of patients using therapeutic drug doses; only 1.3% of the suspected DUID offenders had concentrations of only one of those drugs in-line with recommended therapeutic dosing. PMID: 32119573 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 1, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Christophersen AS, Karinen R, Mørland J, Gjerde H Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Determination of critical time points in non-collision incidents of elderly passengers in standing position on urban bus.
Abstract Objective: Due to the reduced physical ability of elderly, the occurrence of non-collision incidents is higher for these passengers in standing position. Therefore, the purpose of the present study is to determine the critical time points of non-collision incidents using the level of leg muscle activity in elderly standing passengers on urban bus.Methods: To determine the critical time points in the occurrence of non-collision incidents, the level of muscular activity of the standing passengers was analyzed using a surface electromyography (surface EMG) device during the movement scenario of the bus. The ...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 1, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Arabian A, Masjoodi S, Makkiabadi B, Ghafari E, Torabi Nassaj E, Zakerian SA Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Mapping fractures from traffic accidents in Sweden: How do cyclists compare to other road users?
Conclusions: The results of this study may guide the design of appropriate protective devices for the cyclists based on the different injury mechanisms and provide implications for prioritizing new countermeasures, campaigns, or regulations. PMID: 32119567 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 1, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Meredith L, Kovaceva J, Bálint A Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Investigation into passing behavior at passing zones to validate and extend the use of driving simulators in two-lane roads safety analysis.
Abstract A passing maneuver allows drivers to maintain their desired speed on two-lane highways. However, it entails a high risk of collision with vehicles travelling in the opposite direction. Investigating drivers' behavior while performing passing maneuvers could provide helpful information on the factors that influence this process. Driving simulators have become important tools for driving behavior research studies as they are safe, facilitate the controlled use of experimental variables, and generate detailed output data. It remains to be seen whether simulator results can be considered representative of rea...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - March 1, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Karimi A, Bassani M, Boroujerdian AM, Catani L Tags: Accid Anal Prev Source Type: research

The contribution of driving with friends to young drivers' intention to take risks: An expansion of the theory of planned behavior.
This study aims to shed light on driving with friends as a particular case of driving with peers. It was designed to examine the role of the four dimensions of the Safe Driving Climate among Friends (SDCaF) scale, in predicting young drivers' intention to take risks behind the wheel, beyond the contribution of the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB). The sample consisted of 166 participants (70 men, 96 women), ranging in age from 17 to 24 years, who completed a set of self-report questionnaires. The findings demonstrate that the SDCaF dimensions, and especially perceived friends' pressure while driving, add to the explained v...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - March 1, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Guggenheim N, Taubman-Ben-Ari O, Ben-Artzi E Tags: Accid Anal Prev Source Type: research

A driver behavior assessment and recommendation system for connected vehicles to produce safer driving environments through a "follow the leader" approach.
A driver behavior assessment and recommendation system for connected vehicles to produce safer driving environments through a "follow the leader" approach. Accid Anal Prev. 2020 Mar 02;139:105460 Authors: Hong Z, Chen Y, Wu Y Abstract As part of the emerging world of intelligent transportation, there is considerable interest in developing connected vehicles that are more capable of identifying and guiding individual drivers' behavior than collecting mileage as a moving cart. The two goals of this study are (a) to build a conceptual framework for driver assessment and (b) develop recommendati...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - March 1, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Hong Z, Chen Y, Wu Y Tags: Accid Anal Prev Source Type: research

Injury Severity for Hazard & Risk Analyses:Calculation of ISO 26262 S-parameter Values from Real-World Crash Data.
Injury Severity for Hazard & Risk Analyses:Calculation of ISO 26262 S-parameter Values from Real-World Crash Data. Accid Anal Prev. 2020 Mar 02;138:105321 Authors: Krampe J, Junge M Abstract Our goal was the development of a robust and data-driven approach to ISO 26262 injury severity (S-parameter) estimation, replacing the current heuristic methods. The situations investigated as part of an ISO 26262 hazard & risk analysis are broken down into crash configurations. These crashes are analyzed from the perspective of the ADAS-equipped vehicle with the failing system as well as from the crash op...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - March 1, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Krampe J, Junge M Tags: Accid Anal Prev Source Type: research

Are multiple speed cameras more effective than a single one? Causal analysis of the safety impacts of multiple speed cameras
Publication date: May 2020Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 139Author(s): Haojie Li, Manman Zhu, Daniel J. Graham, Yingheng Zhang (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - March 1, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Are multiple speed cameras more effective than a single one? Causal analysis of the safety impacts of multiple speed cameras.
Abstract Most previous studies investigate the safety effects of a single speed camera, ignoring the potential impacts from adjacent speed cameras. The mutual influence between two or even more adjacent speed cameras is a relevant attribute worth taking into account when evaluating the safety impacts of speed cameras. This paper investigates the safety effects of two or more speed cameras observed within a specific radius which are defined as multiple speed cameras. A total of 464 speed cameras at treated sites and 3119 control sites are observed and related to road traffic accident data from 1999 to 2007. The eff...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - February 28, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Li H, Zhu M, Graham DJ, Zhang Y Tags: Accid Anal Prev Source Type: research

Cooperation program for volunteer medical students for training in pediatric cardiopulmonary resuscitation and accident prevention in Honduras
To analyze a training program in accident prevention and care and Pediatric Basic Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation taught by medical students. (Source: BMC Research Notes)
Source: BMC Research Notes - February 27, 2020 Category: Research Authors: Helena Garreta, C ésar Gutiérrez, Paula Greciano, Claudia Riber, Javier Urbano and Jesús López-Herce Tags: Research note Source Type: research

The joint effect of weather and lighting conditions on injury severities of single-vehicle accidents
Publication date: Available online 26 February 2020Source: Analytic Methods in Accident ResearchAuthor(s): Grigorios Fountas, Achille Fonzone, Niaz Gharavi, Tom Rye (Source: Analytic Methods in Accident Research)
Source: Analytic Methods in Accident Research - February 26, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Hierarchical Bayesian Modeling to Evaluate the Impacts of Intelligent Speed Adaptation Considering Individuals’ Usual Speeding Tendencies: A Correlated Random Parameters Approach
Publication date: Available online 25 February 2020Source: Analytic Methods in Accident ResearchAuthor(s): Kojiro Matsuo, Mitsuru Sugihara, Motohiro Yamazaki, Yasuhiro Mimura, Jia Yang, Komei Kanno, Nao Sugiki (Source: Analytic Methods in Accident Research)
Source: Analytic Methods in Accident Research - February 26, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research