The influence of driving anger on truck drivers' speeding behavior in Serbia: the evidence from naturalistic global positioning system driving data.
CONCLUSIONS: This study confirms the predictive performance of driving anger facets. The results of the research can help us improve our understanding of the mechanisms of speeding behavior of truck drivers. PMID: 32729726 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - July 30, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Matović B, Jovanović D, Pljakić M, Bačkalić S, Jakšić D Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Part-time shoulder use operational impact on the safety performance of interstate 476.
CONCLUSIONS: PTSU has great operational improvement effects which create a faster-moving transportation network. The higher speeds caused by the enhanced operations increases the risk of a crash during unsafe situations, but the number of unsafe situations occurring will significantly reduce. The reduced number of unsafe situations indicates an increased probability of crash avoidance but does not indicate a definitive reduction in crashes. PMID: 32697124 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - July 22, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Coffey S, Park S Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Prevalence of non-nominal seat positions and postures among front-seat passengers.
CONCLUSIONS: This study is the first to report distributions of postures, seat positions, and seat back angles for front-seat passengers. Seat positions rearward of the middle of the seat adjustment range are common, but highly reclined postures are infrequent. Non-nominal torso and head postures also are nontrivial. PMID: 32692249 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - July 21, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Reed MP, Ebert SM, Jones MLH, Hallman JJ Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Driver knowledge of cycling-related road rules in Queensland, Australia.
CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study suggest that improving knowledge of some current road rules could be beneficial for cycling safety but for some other rules, improved knowledge could be detrimental for cycling safety and changing the rules to reflect shared perceptions of safe behavior may be more beneficial. For each of the rules, further research is needed to examine the links between knowledge and compliance, and the influence of compliance on the risks of bicycle-motor vehicle crashes and near misses. PMID: 32692254 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - July 21, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Briant O, Haworth N, Twisk D Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

The epidemiology and prehospital care of motorcycle crashes in a sub-Saharan African urban center.
CONCLUSION: Motorcycle-related RTCs represent a large burden of disease for patients treated by SAMU in Kigali, Rwanda. Young men are most at risk of injury, which imposes a financial strain on society. Though injuries occurred frequently, critical trauma cases from motorcycle crashes were uncommon. This may be a result of several initiatives in Rwanda to improve road safety. PMID: 32678676 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - July 17, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Rosenberg A, Uwinshuti FZ, Dworkin M, Nsengimana V, Kankindi E, Niyonsaba M, Uwitonze JM, Kabagema I, Dushime T, Krebs E, Jayaraman S Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Driver experiences with the alcohol ignition interlock: Comparing successful and poor performers.
CONCLUSIONS: People with a more serious drinking pattern and who may be most at risk for recidivating may be more inclined to recognize the potential benefits of the interlock as a DUI preventive countermeasure. More research is needed to identify and influence high risk DUI offenders while on the interlock to increase its effectiveness once the interlock is removed. PMID: 32658548 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - July 13, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Beck KH, Scherer M, Romano E, Taylor E, Voas R Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Submarining sensitivity across varied seat configurations in autonomous driving system environment.
CONCLUSIONS: Submarining may be a major challenge to overcome for reclined occupants in autonomous driving systems. This study shows that seat cushion angle plays a role in restraining occupants in recline scenarios, but it is not sufficient to prevent submarining without additional countermeasures. PMID: 32658549 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - July 13, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Rawska K, Gepner B, Moreau D, Kerrigan JR Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Mobile phone use among Indonesian motorcyclists: prevalence and influencing factors.
CONCLUSIONS: This study supports previous findings regarding the high prevalence of mobile phone use among motorcyclists in developing countries. The models implied that further investigation on intervention strategy to minimize mobile phone use during motorcycling is a necessity. PMID: 32658550 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - July 13, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Widyanti A, Pratama GB, Anindya AH, Sari FP, Sumali A, Salma SA, Yamin PAR, Soetisna HR Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Reducing child restraint misuse: national survey of awareness and use of inspection stations.
Conclusions: The AACPSIR Survey results suggest a segment of caregivers share a positive safety culture, including knowledge of CPS services and use of those services. Of concern are caregivers who did not access an inspection station because they indicated it was not necessary, they already knew how to install the CRS, or pointed to other inconveniences. Future intervention programs that target caregivers unfamiliar with inspection stations or believe that the services are not necessary have the potential to improve child passenger safety. PMID: 32615804 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - July 2, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Levi S, Lee H, Ren W, McCloskey S, Polson A Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Change in helmet use behavior enforced by CCTV cameras with automatic helmet use detection system on an urban arterial road.
Conclusions: This study confirms that CCTV camera enforcement can be an important driving force for changing helmet use behavior, particularly for child passengers. Moreover, CCTV camera enforcement can support enforcement by extending coverage to a 24-h period and to intersections without police inspection. PMID: 32559159 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 19, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Satiennam T, Kumphong J, Satiennam W, Klungboonkrong P, Jaensirisak S, Ratanavaraha V Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Speeding and impaired driving in fatal crashes-Results from in-depth investigations.
Conclusions: Those drivers who show most types of high-risk behaviors, especially EXC and ALC drivers, are less likely to respond to measures relying on voluntary behavior changes, such as recommended speed, speed warnings, or classical enforcement, although such measures may be effective for INAP and some DRUG drivers. To change the behavior of EXC and ALC drivers, more restrictive measures are called for, such as non-overridable intelligent speed adaptation, vehicle impoundment, or Alcolock. PMID: 32551897 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 18, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Høye A Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Seasonal crash prediction model for urban signalized intersections: Wisconsin southeast region.
Conclusions: Seasonal estimates have a significant contribution in safety analysis in regions where snow and ice conditions are regularly experienced. Identifying locations that experience significantly higher number of crashes during the winter can contribute to target snow and ice-related crashes and evaluate the effectiveness of deicing materials, equipment, and practices. PMID: 32551989 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 18, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Claros B, Chitturi M, Vorhes G, Bill A, Noyce D Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Should airbags be deactivated for wheelchair-seated drivers?
Conclusions: This is the first study using sled tests and computational simulations to investigate the effects of airbag deployment on injury risks of wheelchair-seated drivers. Overall, the results showed little basis for concern that the energy of deploying a driver airbag in today's vehicles will cause serious-to-fatal injuries to drivers seated in wheelchairs. The results of this study therefore support the idea that driver airbags generally offer tangible safety benefits for a wide range of wheelchair-seated drivers in frontal crashes. PMID: 32529848 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 12, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Hu J, Orton N, Manary MA, Boyle K, Schneider LW Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Forecasting deaths of road traffic injuries in China using an artificial neural network.
Conclusions: Our results suggest that the ERNN model could be utilized to model and forecast the short-term trends accurately and to evaluate the impact of traffic safety programs when applied to historical road traffic deaths data. Forecasting traffic crash deaths will provide useful information to measure burden of road traffic injuries in China. PMID: 32500738 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 5, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Qian Y, Zhang X, Fei G, Sun Q, Li X, Stallones L, Xiang H Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Investigation of traffic and safety behavior of pedestrians while texting or web-surfing.
Conclusions: Mobile phones are integral to contemporary daily life and their use and penetration is increasing rapidly as well. For this reason, it is crucial to investigate the impacts of distracted walking on pedestrians' traffic and safety behavior. Various measures and strategies should be implemented and further research should be conducted as texting and web-surfing distraction is associated with a rather high risk. PMID: 32500788 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 5, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Ropaka M, Nikolaou D, Yannis G Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Behavioral and psychosocial correlates of road traffic injuries: evidence from a nationwide study on Chinese undergraduates.
Conclusions: Several critical factors associated with RTIs were identified. These findings have implications for the design and implementation of RTI prevention and interventions programs targeted at university students. PMID: 32496809 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 4, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Wu D, Yang T, Yang XY, Hoe CH, Peng S, Yu L Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Assessment of recent alcohol consumption by detecting ethyl glucuronide and ethyl sulphate level among traffic accident patients.
Conclusion: Detection of EtG and EtS, minor metabolites along with ethanol in the blood can serve as an objective tool to provide further analysis regarding alcohol-related traffic accidents at emergency services. PMID: 32496812 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 4, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Dengiz H, Daglioglu N, Goren IE Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Assessing the safety impacts of raising the speed limit on Michigan freeways using the multilevel mixed-effects negative binomial model.
Conclusions: The 15 mph increase in the speed limit on Michigan freeways had a significant association with the increase in fatal and injury crashes, total crashes and road departure crashes. The elevated crash risks associated with the speed limit increase suggest that further studies are needed to understand changes in drivers' behaviors following a speed limit increase. PMID: 32496845 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 4, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Kwayu KM, Kwigizile V, Oh JS Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Serious motor vehicle collisions involving young drivers on Norwegian roads 2013-2016: Speeding and driver-related errors are the main challenge.
Conclusion: The vast majority of injury-causing MVCs involving young drivers are initiated by those drivers. These incidents are characterized by male drivers with little driving experience who are operating old cars on rural roads at excessive speeds. Driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs is also not uncommon. These issues should be targeted in future preventive measures. PMID: 32496905 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 4, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Breen JM, Næss PA, Hansen TB, Gaarder C, Stray-Pedersen A Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Determining the steering direction in critical situations: A decision tree-based method.
Conclusions: This study employed NASS-CDS data and DT classifiers to analyze and model drivers' DSD behavior. The test accuracies for both classifiers were acceptable. Potential variables influencing drivers' DSD were explored, which improves the research on evasive behavior in lateral movement and promotes further applications for intelligent vehicles using the constructed models. PMID: 32497445 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 4, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Zhou H, Zhong Z, Hu M, Huang J Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Perceptions and attitudes toward risk and personal responsibility in the context of medical fitness to drive.
Conclusions: These results suggest that more needs to be done to raise awareness of the risks posed by medical and other factors that reduce driver capability and also about drivers' responsibility to ensure that they are fit to drive and thus improve road safety. PMID: 32421397 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 18, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Ryan M, Walshe J, Booth R, O'Neill DJ Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Exploring driving characteristics of fit- and unfit-to-drive neurological patients: a driving simulator study.
Conclusions: Our results show that driving simulators are able to capture differences between (fit- and unfit-to-drive) neurological patient populations and therefore bear the potential for being used as a deficit-independent screening, assessment, or rehabilitation tool. The conditionally-fit-to-drive group exhibited less discriminative features, which points to greater importance of human judgment for this population. The observation that differences in most of the parameters were environment-dependent suggests that developers of future driver simulation tools should carefully design scenarios in order to fully exploit t...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 18, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Motnikar L, Stojmenova K, Štaba UČ, Klun T, Robida KR, Sodnik J Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Scenario establishment and characteristic analysis of intersection collision accidents for advanced driver assistance systems.
Conclusion: When classifying the collision types, it was done with the consideration of making car-mounted camera-based intersection accident prediction and prevention possible. The intersection accident scenarios deduced for the purpose of the development of I-ADAS and self-driving system were analyzed regarding the severity of injuries and other factors. Based on these factors, possible methods to predict and prevent intersection accidents by using video footages and other data from the black box installed on cars were simply suggested. PMID: 32401549 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 13, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Han I Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Injury metrics are altered in spica-casted versus non-casted child ATDs in side-impact collisions with door intrusion.
Conclusions: The presence of a spica cast alters injury metrics in side-impact testing. Spica specific child safety seats are not yet optimized for side-impact with door intrusion. This is due to a lack of adequate side cushion wings, which may place both casted and uncasted occupants at increased likelihood for injury through head contact with an intruding door. Additional work is needed to improve the safety of CRSs for both casted and uncasted children in side-impact collisions. PMID: 32401560 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 13, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Mead M, Caskey S, Walter N, Atkinson P, Atkinson T, Collins AC Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Risk perception: A study using dashcam videos and participants from different world regions.
Conclusion: We found support for the desensitization hypothesis and the expertise hypothesis. These findings have implications for cross-cultural hazard perception research. PMID: 32401616 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 13, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Bazilinskyy P, Eisma YB, Dodou D, de Winter JCF Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Analysis of kinematic behavior of pedestrians/cyclists in vehicle collisions using impulse.
Conclusion: This research employed a new approach using the impulse transmitted to each body region due to contact with the vehicle body and showed that impulse is a useful parameter to understand the process of pedestrian/cyclist kinematics. The impulse relates to the linear and angular velocities of the pedestrian/cyclist at the time of separation from the car, thereby providing useful information to control pedestrian/cyclist falling kinematics prior to the ground impact. PMID: 32378981 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 7, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Murano S, Kong C, Mizuno K, Ito D, Nakane D, Wakabayashi A Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Driving anger and factors related to aggressive driving among Serbian drivers.
Conclusions: The study supports the adapted DAS validity and produces evidence that driving anger is associated with driving outcomes. PMID: 32363920 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 4, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Matović B, Jovanović D, Pljakić M, Stanojević P Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

How does financial burden influence the crash rate among taxi drivers? A self-reported questionnaire study in China.
Conclusion: Financial burden is the root cause behind the propensity of taxi drivers to be involved in accidents. Taxi companies should find ways to reduce drivers' expenses, and new technologies, such as taxi-calling or location and navigation based on mobile applications, should be introduced into the traditional taxi industry. PMID: 32363927 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 4, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Peng Z, Wang Y, Luo X Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Signs of altered psychomotor capacity and use of alcohol and other drugs among nightclub patrons who drive in the city of S ão Paulo, Brazil.
Conclusion: This study suggests the potential of using the Perham (2007) physical test for alcohol intoxication in sobriety checkpoints at the exit of nightclubs. However, the verification of these signs is not enough for the identification of drug use by drivers. PMID: 32363941 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 4, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Erbella RA, Sanchez ZM, Wagner GA Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

An investigation on the risk factors associated with driving errors under the influence of alcohol using structural equation modeling.
Conclusion: This study highlights a novel approach to investigate driving error by modeling it as a latent variable instead of modeling individual performance measures. The successful execution of SEM in alcohol impairment research may serve as a significant step in the human factors field moving from piecemeal analysis to a combined analysis where interrelationships among numerous risk factors and driving error can be established. The study outcomes may serve as a reference while developing strategies to enhance road traffic safety where special emphasis can be given to the critical risk factors influencing driving error ...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 4, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Yadav AK, Velaga NR Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Braking behavior of major approach turning vehicles at rural two-way stop controlled intersections: A naturalistic driving study.
Conclusions: By detecting reaction distance of all 449 time series trace, the study provides an influence area of the intersection for the turning vehicles. PMID: 32329624 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - April 24, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Thapa R, Hallmark S, Oneyear N Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Factors influencing side air curtain deployment in rollover motor vehicle accidents.
Conclusions: Nondeployment of the side curtain airbags in rollovers occurred more frequently in vehicles without dedicated rollover sensors, which were most frequently passenger vehicles. PMID: 32319811 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - April 22, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Ristow J, Cordeiro M, Boyle D, Telehowski P, Atkinson T Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

The increasing role of provincial administrative sanctions in Canadian impaired driving enforcement.
Conclusions: With careful drafting, the provinces can enact cost-effective roadside administrative sanctions that have been shown to significantly reduce impaired driving deaths and injuries. The legality of any administrative sanction will likely depend on its severity, the reliability of the test or evidence upon which it is based, and the extent to which the driver has a meaningful opportunity to challenge the decision. PMID: 32319814 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - April 22, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Solomon R, MacLeod L, Dumschat E Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Understanding the impact of road design characteristic on teen driver's fatality.
Conclusions: This study suggests teen driver education programs consider addressing road design characteristics. For example, incorporating focused lessons on traffic signs and traffic control types may better prepare young people for their driving experiences. Additionally, more supervised driving time is needed on various road types, especially those that present greater risks (e.g., roads with grades/curves, intersections with no traffic signal, undivided roads, and unpaved roads). PMID: 32319815 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - April 22, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Kim W, Svancara AM, Kelley-Baker T Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Kinematics of inboard-leaning occupants in frontal impacts.
Conclusions: The posture-induced increase in the distance between the D-ring and the shoulder permitted the increased maximum forward head displacement and increased maximum head resultant velocity relative to the vehicle interior. Thus, an initial inboard lean in a frontal impact may increase the risk and severity of a head strike to the vehicle interior, and alter the location, timing, and nature of airbag engagement. PMID: 32315202 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - April 21, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Donlon JP, Richardson R, Jayathirtha M, Forman J, Kerrigan J, Kent R, Arbogast KB, Maripudi V, Scavnicky M Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Drivers' visual attention during the onset of the circular yellow indication at high-speed signalized intersections.
Conclusions: This study highlights the importance of understanding the fixation behavior of drivers and the factors that influence drivers' visual attention. These findings could guide future efforts by the transportation community to involve drivers in training programs to emphasize the risks associated with ignoring rear view mirrors during their response to CY indications. PMID: 32310676 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - April 20, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Aswad Mohammed H, Hurwitz DS, Macuga KL Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Investigation of the instinctive reaction of human drivers in social dilemma based on the use of a driving simulator and a questionnaire survey.
Conclusion: A conclusion can be drawn from the second and third group of experiments that most drivers consider not only their own safety, but the safety of pedestrians. Most of the participants intended to minimize the total amount of harm in social dilemma. The choice of crashing into barriers to protect a pedestrian can also be seen as a way to minimize the total amount of harm. PMID: 32310690 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - April 20, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Gao Z, Sun Y, Hu H, Zhang T, Gao F Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Influence of red-light violation warning systems on driver behavior - a driving simulator study.
Conclusions: The findings suggest that the presence of an RLVW system sends a clear message to the driver about the change in traffic light and gives the driver ample time to adapt their initial approach speed to stop at the signal, avoiding potential intersection crashes. PMID: 32297803 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - April 16, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Banerjee S, Jeihani M, Khadem NK, Kabir MM Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Casualty risk of e-bike rider struck by passenger vehicle using China in-depth accident data.
Conclusions: The findings of this study provide meaningful insights to formulate effective policies especially for speed limit management to improve the safety of e-bikes. PMID: 32297809 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - April 16, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Hu L, Hu X, Wang J, Kuang A, Hao W, Lin M Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Awareness, perception and experience on child restraint system (CRS) and its legislation among Malaysian parents with newborns.
Conclusions: Although majority of the parents were aware about CRS, but only half had a CRS for their current newborn. Most of the parents supported CRS legislation in Malaysia, but assistance will be required to help them through challenges related to CRS use. PMID: 32297815 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - April 16, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Ang JY, Lai JM, Hss AS, Ramalingam P, Ramasamy M, Zainuddin NS, Shaari H, Ahmad-Aduan A, Sanimi NS, Bahari N Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Measurement method for objective cyclist behavior parameters.
Conclusion: It can be concluded that the developed measurement method provides insight of the cyclists' behavior in such a way that it can already be used for obtaining information to make changes to the infrastructure that will improve the comfort and safety of cyclists. The method could be further developed for doing qualitative comfort and safety analyses, and for doing analyses of the interaction between various types of road participants. PMID: 32286092 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - April 14, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Meijer R, van Dam E, Bouma H, Baan J, van der Hurk SE Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Seating preferences in highly automated vehicles and occupant safety awareness: A national survey of Chinese perceptions.
Abstract Objective: The potential challenge for providing occupant protection accompanying seating preferences is an essential safety prerequisite for highly automated vehicle (HAV) popularization. This research is aimed toward identifying Asia-specific individualized seating preferences in HAVs and occupant safety awareness via a national survey in China.Methods: An online questionnaire survey was performed to investigate seating preferences (i.e., sitting posture, seating orientation, and position) and occupant safety awareness (i.e., seat belt usage and receptiveness to extended or additional restraints beyond ...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - April 10, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Nie B, Gan S, Chen W, Zhou Q Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Assessing the impact of the 2015 introduction of increased penalties and enhanced public awareness and enforcement activities on texting while driving among adults in Ontario, Canada.
Conclusions: These results identify a decrease in TWD following the introduction of enhanced penalties with corresponding public education and enforcement efforts, adding to the existing evaluative evidence base to inform transportation safety policy. These results also support the need to examine TWD and its determinants among all age groups. PMID: 32255373 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - April 7, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Wickens CM, Ialomiteanu AR, Cook S, Hamilton H, Haya M, Ma T, Mann RE, Manson H, McDonald A Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

A medicolegal approach to the very rare Auto-Brewery (endogenous alcohol fermentation) syndrome.
Conclusion: Various gastrointestinal system abnormalities such as through laparotomy, gastrectomy are reported in most of Auto-Brewery syndrome cases. There are cases, although rare, where gastrointestinal disorders are not detected and secondary disorders of normal intestinal flora due to frequent antibiotic use seem to be a factor. Such a condition is present in the current case. Those who are aware of this condition may falsely rely on it as a method to avoid penalties. On the other hand, genuine patients suffering from this condition may be caught by traffic control and become victims of the condition. For that reason,...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - April 7, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Akbaba M Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

The potential of different countermeasures to prevent injuries with high risk of health loss among bicyclists in Sweden.
Conclusions: Compared with fatal crashes that involve a majority of bicycle-car crashes, the crashes leading to health-loss are mostly single bicycle crashes. Therefore, innovation and development of additional countermeasures to improve safety for bicyclists should focus on single bicycle crashes. PMID: 32167786 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 13, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Rizzi MC, Rizzi M, Kullgren A, Algurén B Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Psychological predictors of seat belt usage among university student passengers and an examination of the differences between the front and rear seats.
Conclusions: The present research adds further empirical evidence regarding the ability of the TPB to predict seat belt usage behavior. In addition, the current research results may provide a theoretical basis for policy-making aiming to improve university students' seat belt usage. PMID: 32160009 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 11, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Jiang K, Yang Z, Feng Z, Yu Z, Huang Z Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Analysis of crash injury severity on two trans-European transport network corridors in Spain using discrete-choice models and random forests.
Conclusions: The contribution of this paper to the existing literature is two-fold: the first important contribution of the paper is related to the safety analysis of two of the most important freight corridors in Spain and southern Europe. The second contribution of this paper is to address the existing gap in the literature relating to the comparison and compatibility of data mining and the logistic regression model. PMID: 32160016 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 11, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Dadashova B, Arenas-Ramires B, Mira-McWillaims J, Dixon K, Lord D Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Gender differences in the effectiveness of public education messages aimed at smartphone use among young drivers.
Conclusions: These findings suggest that young male drivers and young female drivers require different message content to be effective and support the importance of including multiple outcome measures to explain the messages' persuasive effects. PMID: 32154732 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 10, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Gauld CS, Lewis IM, White KM, Watson BC, Rose CT, Fleiter JJ Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Understanding vehicle crashes in work zones: Analysis of workplace health and safety data as an alternative to police-reported crash data in Queensland, Australia.
Conclusions: The WHS dataset is a valuable alternative to police-reported crash data for understanding vehicle crash characteristics in work zones, particularly where restrictive reporting criteria lead to inability to identify these crashes in police data. Reliability and utility of WHS data could be improved through advanced reporting systems and procedures, potentially including development of an app-based system for use on mobile electronic devices. PMID: 32154733 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 10, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Blackman R, Debnath AK, Haworth N Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Infant car seat use in Japan after the antepartum distribution of an educational leaflet: A prospective, nonrandomized controlled trial with a questionnaire survey.
Conclusions: Antepartum minimal intervention via the distribution of an educational leaflet recommending ICS safety guidelines was associated with increased rates of ICS attachments, always ICS use, and ICS placement on the rear seat and in rear-facing positions; however, it did not contribute to reduced MVA rates after delivery. PMID: 32154734 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 10, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Morikawa M, Yamada T, Kogo H, Sugawara M, Nishikawa A, Fukushi Y, Kato-Hirayama E, Ishioka SI, Watari H Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research