A price-performance analysis of the protective capabilities of wholesale bicycle helmets
CONCLUSIONS: These results show that the impact performance of wholesale helmets ranges considerably despite their low price-points. Results can also guide helmet safety promotion organizers toward distributing wholesale bicycle helmet models associated with lower overall concussion risks.PMID:34138652 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1929943 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 17, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Megan L Bland Steven Rowson Source Type: research

A price-performance analysis of the protective capabilities of wholesale bicycle helmets
CONCLUSIONS: These results show that the impact performance of wholesale helmets ranges considerably despite their low price-points. Results can also guide helmet safety promotion organizers toward distributing wholesale bicycle helmet models associated with lower overall concussion risks.PMID:34138652 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1929943 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 17, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Megan L Bland Steven Rowson Source Type: research

A price-performance analysis of the protective capabilities of wholesale bicycle helmets
CONCLUSIONS: These results show that the impact performance of wholesale helmets ranges considerably despite their low price-points. Results can also guide helmet safety promotion organizers toward distributing wholesale bicycle helmet models associated with lower overall concussion risks.PMID:34138652 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1929943 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 17, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Megan L Bland Steven Rowson Source Type: research

A price-performance analysis of the protective capabilities of wholesale bicycle helmets
CONCLUSIONS: These results show that the impact performance of wholesale helmets ranges considerably despite their low price-points. Results can also guide helmet safety promotion organizers toward distributing wholesale bicycle helmet models associated with lower overall concussion risks.PMID:34138652 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1929943 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 17, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Megan L Bland Steven Rowson Source Type: research

Nigerian law enforcement agents' knowledge and enforcement of drink-drive law
CONCLUSION: In Nigeria, there is a huge knowledge gap on the drink-drive law and the acceptable penalties for offenders in Nigeria among law enforcement agents. The law enforcement agents lack equipment for objectively detecting drunk driving among road users. Our findings call for an urgent intervention in the training and practice of law enforcement agents if the prevalence of RTC arising from drunk driving will be reduced in Nigeria.PMID:34133250 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1923702 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 16, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Fadekemi Olufunmilayo Oginni Babatunde O Bamgbose Oluwaseun Caleb Oginni Olawande Funmilola Adebayo Olayiwola Victor Olorunfemi Olatubosun Sunday Salami Mohammad Abubakar Kaura Source Type: research

An examination of how alcohol enforcement strategies by sheriff and police agencies are associated with alcohol-impaired-driving fatal traffic crashes
Conclusions: Alcohol enforcement strategies among police agencies in small town/rural communities may be particularly effective in reducing alcohol-impaired fatal traffic crashes. Results varied by enforcement, agency and community type.PMID:34133253 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1934829 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 16, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Kathleen M Lenk Darin J Erickson Spruha Joshi Collin Calvert Toben F Nelson Traci L Toomey Source Type: research

The effect of visually significant dermatochalasis and blepharoptosis on driving safety
Traffic Inj Prev. 2021 Jun 16:1-5. doi: 10.1080/15389588.2021.1927003. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of visually significant blepharoptosis and dermatochalasis on driving safety and performance. Patients with visually significant blepharoptosis often complain of difficulty with driving, but the impact of blepharoptosis on driving has not been evaluated in a real-world setting.METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of 610 consecutive adult patients undergoing bilateral functional blepharoplasty or ptosis repair surgery at a single, University-based practice between 2014 and 2017. This cohort h...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 16, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Suzanne W van Landingham Katherine M Lucarelli Kyle McDaniel Cat N Burkat Mark J Lucarelli Source Type: research

Nigerian law enforcement agents' knowledge and enforcement of drink-drive law
CONCLUSION: In Nigeria, there is a huge knowledge gap on the drink-drive law and the acceptable penalties for offenders in Nigeria among law enforcement agents. The law enforcement agents lack equipment for objectively detecting drunk driving among road users. Our findings call for an urgent intervention in the training and practice of law enforcement agents if the prevalence of RTC arising from drunk driving will be reduced in Nigeria.PMID:34133250 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1923702 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 16, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Fadekemi Olufunmilayo Oginni Babatunde O Bamgbose Oluwaseun Caleb Oginni Olawande Funmilola Adebayo Olayiwola Victor Olorunfemi Olatubosun Sunday Salami Mohammad Abubakar Kaura Source Type: research

An examination of how alcohol enforcement strategies by sheriff and police agencies are associated with alcohol-impaired-driving fatal traffic crashes
Conclusions: Alcohol enforcement strategies among police agencies in small town/rural communities may be particularly effective in reducing alcohol-impaired fatal traffic crashes. Results varied by enforcement, agency and community type.PMID:34133253 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1934829 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 16, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Kathleen M Lenk Darin J Erickson Spruha Joshi Collin Calvert Toben F Nelson Traci L Toomey Source Type: research

The effect of visually significant dermatochalasis and blepharoptosis on driving safety
Traffic Inj Prev. 2021 Jun 16:1-5. doi: 10.1080/15389588.2021.1927003. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of visually significant blepharoptosis and dermatochalasis on driving safety and performance. Patients with visually significant blepharoptosis often complain of difficulty with driving, but the impact of blepharoptosis on driving has not been evaluated in a real-world setting.METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of 610 consecutive adult patients undergoing bilateral functional blepharoplasty or ptosis repair surgery at a single, University-based practice between 2014 and 2017. This cohort h...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 16, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Suzanne W van Landingham Katherine M Lucarelli Kyle McDaniel Cat N Burkat Mark J Lucarelli Source Type: research

Drive aware training: A computerized training program for older drivers' detection of road hazards
CONCLUSIONS: The computerized Drive Aware training program has the potential to be used as a prevention and intervention tool to improve older drivers' hazard detection performance. Future studies should examine the effectiveness of this tool in more diverse samples and in long-term outcomes.PMID:34124967 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1929944 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 14, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Jing Yuan Aaron Crowson Geoffrey Richardson Jing Feng Source Type: research

Investigation of the speeding behavior of motorcyclists through an innovative smartphone application
CONCLUSIONS: The outcomes of this study entail both scientific and social impacts. The present research contributes a preliminary example of the quantitative documentation of the impact of personalized rider feedback on one of the most important human risk factors; speeding. The ultimate objective when providing feedback to riders is to: (i) trigger their learning and self-assessment process, thus enabling them to gradually improve their performance and (ii) monitor the shift of riding behavior as the application provides feedback. The present results capture and quantify the positive effects of rider feedback, thus provid...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 14, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Armira Kontaxi Apostolos Ziakopoulos George Yannis Source Type: research

Drive aware training: A computerized training program for older drivers' detection of road hazards
CONCLUSIONS: The computerized Drive Aware training program has the potential to be used as a prevention and intervention tool to improve older drivers' hazard detection performance. Future studies should examine the effectiveness of this tool in more diverse samples and in long-term outcomes.PMID:34124967 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1929944 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 14, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Jing Yuan Aaron Crowson Geoffrey Richardson Jing Feng Source Type: research

Investigation of the speeding behavior of motorcyclists through an innovative smartphone application
CONCLUSIONS: The outcomes of this study entail both scientific and social impacts. The present research contributes a preliminary example of the quantitative documentation of the impact of personalized rider feedback on one of the most important human risk factors; speeding. The ultimate objective when providing feedback to riders is to: (i) trigger their learning and self-assessment process, thus enabling them to gradually improve their performance and (ii) monitor the shift of riding behavior as the application provides feedback. The present results capture and quantify the positive effects of rider feedback, thus provid...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 14, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Armira Kontaxi Apostolos Ziakopoulos George Yannis Source Type: research

Identifying modifiable factors related to novice adolescent driver fault in motor vehicle collisions
CONCLUSIONS: The findings support policies that allow driving with a single adult or peer passenger during daytime hours. Driving during late-night hours should be restricted for novice adolescent drivers.PMID:34097541 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1923700 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 7, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Tona M Pitt Andrew Howard Tate HubkaRao Brent Hagel Source Type: research

Seasonal variation in North American level crossing crash rates is due to weather, not day length
CONCLUSIONS: The seasonal variation in North American level crossing crash rate is a result of winter weather conditions, rather than differences in light levels. Future research is planned that will elucidate the specific environmental and human factors contributing to the increase.PMID:34097544 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1922681 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 7, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Steven Henderson Anthony Millen Christina M Rudin-Brown Source Type: research

Identifying modifiable factors related to novice adolescent driver fault in motor vehicle collisions
CONCLUSIONS: The findings support policies that allow driving with a single adult or peer passenger during daytime hours. Driving during late-night hours should be restricted for novice adolescent drivers.PMID:34097541 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1923700 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 7, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Tona M Pitt Andrew Howard Tate HubkaRao Brent Hagel Source Type: research

Seasonal variation in North American level crossing crash rates is due to weather, not day length
CONCLUSIONS: The seasonal variation in North American level crossing crash rate is a result of winter weather conditions, rather than differences in light levels. Future research is planned that will elucidate the specific environmental and human factors contributing to the increase.PMID:34097544 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1922681 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 7, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Steven Henderson Anthony Millen Christina M Rudin-Brown Source Type: research

Identifying modifiable factors related to novice adolescent driver fault in motor vehicle collisions
CONCLUSIONS: The findings support policies that allow driving with a single adult or peer passenger during daytime hours. Driving during late-night hours should be restricted for novice adolescent drivers.PMID:34097541 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1923700 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 7, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Tona M Pitt Andrew Howard Tate HubkaRao Brent Hagel Source Type: research

Seasonal variation in North American level crossing crash rates is due to weather, not day length
CONCLUSIONS: The seasonal variation in North American level crossing crash rate is a result of winter weather conditions, rather than differences in light levels. Future research is planned that will elucidate the specific environmental and human factors contributing to the increase.PMID:34097544 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1922681 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 7, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Steven Henderson Anthony Millen Christina M Rudin-Brown Source Type: research

Identifying modifiable factors related to novice adolescent driver fault in motor vehicle collisions
CONCLUSIONS: The findings support policies that allow driving with a single adult or peer passenger during daytime hours. Driving during late-night hours should be restricted for novice adolescent drivers.PMID:34097541 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1923700 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 7, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Tona M Pitt Andrew Howard Tate HubkaRao Brent Hagel Source Type: research

Seasonal variation in North American level crossing crash rates is due to weather, not day length
CONCLUSIONS: The seasonal variation in North American level crossing crash rate is a result of winter weather conditions, rather than differences in light levels. Future research is planned that will elucidate the specific environmental and human factors contributing to the increase.PMID:34097544 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1922681 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 7, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Steven Henderson Anthony Millen Christina M Rudin-Brown Source Type: research

Identifying modifiable factors related to novice adolescent driver fault in motor vehicle collisions
CONCLUSIONS: The findings support policies that allow driving with a single adult or peer passenger during daytime hours. Driving during late-night hours should be restricted for novice adolescent drivers.PMID:34097541 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1923700 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 7, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Tona M Pitt Andrew Howard Tate HubkaRao Brent Hagel Source Type: research

Seasonal variation in North American level crossing crash rates is due to weather, not day length
CONCLUSIONS: The seasonal variation in North American level crossing crash rate is a result of winter weather conditions, rather than differences in light levels. Future research is planned that will elucidate the specific environmental and human factors contributing to the increase.PMID:34097544 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1922681 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 7, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Steven Henderson Anthony Millen Christina M Rudin-Brown Source Type: research

Identifying modifiable factors related to novice adolescent driver fault in motor vehicle collisions
CONCLUSIONS: The findings support policies that allow driving with a single adult or peer passenger during daytime hours. Driving during late-night hours should be restricted for novice adolescent drivers.PMID:34097541 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1923700 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 7, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Tona M Pitt Andrew Howard Tate HubkaRao Brent Hagel Source Type: research

Seasonal variation in North American level crossing crash rates is due to weather, not day length
CONCLUSIONS: The seasonal variation in North American level crossing crash rate is a result of winter weather conditions, rather than differences in light levels. Future research is planned that will elucidate the specific environmental and human factors contributing to the increase.PMID:34097544 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1922681 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 7, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Steven Henderson Anthony Millen Christina M Rudin-Brown Source Type: research

Importance of passive muscle, skin, and adipose tissue mechanical properties on head and neck response in rear impacts assessed with a finite element model
CONCLUSIONS: The improved skin, adipose tissue, and passive muscle material model properties, based on published experimental data, increased the neck compliance in rear impact, with improved correspondence to published PMHS test data for medium severity impacts. Future studies will investigate the coupled effect of passive and active muscle tissue for low severity impacts.PMID:34037475 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1918685 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 26, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Donata Gierczycka Aleksander Rycman Duane Cronin Source Type: research

Coronavirus lockdown: Excessive alcohol consumption and illicit substance use in DUI subjects
This study investigates the consequences of the SarS-CoV-2 outbreak and of the resulting control measures on alcohol and illicit substance use in a high-risk population for substance-related disorders, utilizing an integrated medico-legal and toxicological approach.METHODS: The research was structured as a retrospective case-control study of subjects found to be driving under the influence (DUI) of alcohol and/or other psychoactive substances who were examined for driver's license regranting. Alcohol and/or drug use was assessed by comparing cases examined in the period from May to August 2020 (immediately after the lockdo...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 26, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Elena Beccegato Francesco Angiola Donata Favretto Angelo Ruggeri Claudio Terranova Source Type: research

User perceptions of automated Truck-Mounted attenuators: Implications on work zone safety
CONCLUSIONS: This research presents a novel perspective on user acceptance of ATMA technology. These findings can help jurisdictions achieve the safety improvements that investment and deployment of automation in work zones offers, by identifying the disconnect between operators and technology.PMID:34037505 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1925116 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 26, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Shiva Pourfalatoun Erika E Miller Source Type: research

Importance of passive muscle, skin, and adipose tissue mechanical properties on head and neck response in rear impacts assessed with a finite element model
CONCLUSIONS: The improved skin, adipose tissue, and passive muscle material model properties, based on published experimental data, increased the neck compliance in rear impact, with improved correspondence to published PMHS test data for medium severity impacts. Future studies will investigate the coupled effect of passive and active muscle tissue for low severity impacts.PMID:34037475 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1918685 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 26, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Donata Gierczycka Aleksander Rycman Duane Cronin Source Type: research

Coronavirus lockdown: Excessive alcohol consumption and illicit substance use in DUI subjects
This study investigates the consequences of the SarS-CoV-2 outbreak and of the resulting control measures on alcohol and illicit substance use in a high-risk population for substance-related disorders, utilizing an integrated medico-legal and toxicological approach.METHODS: The research was structured as a retrospective case-control study of subjects found to be driving under the influence (DUI) of alcohol and/or other psychoactive substances who were examined for driver's license regranting. Alcohol and/or drug use was assessed by comparing cases examined in the period from May to August 2020 (immediately after the lockdo...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 26, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Elena Beccegato Francesco Angiola Donata Favretto Angelo Ruggeri Claudio Terranova Source Type: research

User perceptions of automated Truck-Mounted attenuators: Implications on work zone safety
CONCLUSIONS: This research presents a novel perspective on user acceptance of ATMA technology. These findings can help jurisdictions achieve the safety improvements that investment and deployment of automation in work zones offers, by identifying the disconnect between operators and technology.PMID:34037505 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1925116 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 26, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Shiva Pourfalatoun Erika E Miller Source Type: research

Importance of passive muscle, skin, and adipose tissue mechanical properties on head and neck response in rear impacts assessed with a finite element model
CONCLUSIONS: The improved skin, adipose tissue, and passive muscle material model properties, based on published experimental data, increased the neck compliance in rear impact, with improved correspondence to published PMHS test data for medium severity impacts. Future studies will investigate the coupled effect of passive and active muscle tissue for low severity impacts.PMID:34037475 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1918685 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 26, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Donata Gierczycka Aleksander Rycman Duane Cronin Source Type: research

Coronavirus lockdown: Excessive alcohol consumption and illicit substance use in DUI subjects
This study investigates the consequences of the SarS-CoV-2 outbreak and of the resulting control measures on alcohol and illicit substance use in a high-risk population for substance-related disorders, utilizing an integrated medico-legal and toxicological approach.METHODS: The research was structured as a retrospective case-control study of subjects found to be driving under the influence (DUI) of alcohol and/or other psychoactive substances who were examined for driver's license regranting. Alcohol and/or drug use was assessed by comparing cases examined in the period from May to August 2020 (immediately after the lockdo...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 26, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Elena Beccegato Francesco Angiola Donata Favretto Angelo Ruggeri Claudio Terranova Source Type: research

User perceptions of automated Truck-Mounted attenuators: Implications on work zone safety
CONCLUSIONS: This research presents a novel perspective on user acceptance of ATMA technology. These findings can help jurisdictions achieve the safety improvements that investment and deployment of automation in work zones offers, by identifying the disconnect between operators and technology.PMID:34037505 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1925116 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 26, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Shiva Pourfalatoun Erika E Miller Source Type: research

Importance of passive muscle, skin, and adipose tissue mechanical properties on head and neck response in rear impacts assessed with a finite element model
CONCLUSIONS: The improved skin, adipose tissue, and passive muscle material model properties, based on published experimental data, increased the neck compliance in rear impact, with improved correspondence to published PMHS test data for medium severity impacts. Future studies will investigate the coupled effect of passive and active muscle tissue for low severity impacts.PMID:34037475 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1918685 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 26, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Donata Gierczycka Aleksander Rycman Duane Cronin Source Type: research

Coronavirus lockdown: Excessive alcohol consumption and illicit substance use in DUI subjects
This study investigates the consequences of the SarS-CoV-2 outbreak and of the resulting control measures on alcohol and illicit substance use in a high-risk population for substance-related disorders, utilizing an integrated medico-legal and toxicological approach.METHODS: The research was structured as a retrospective case-control study of subjects found to be driving under the influence (DUI) of alcohol and/or other psychoactive substances who were examined for driver's license regranting. Alcohol and/or drug use was assessed by comparing cases examined in the period from May to August 2020 (immediately after the lockdo...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 26, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Elena Beccegato Francesco Angiola Donata Favretto Angelo Ruggeri Claudio Terranova Source Type: research

User perceptions of automated Truck-Mounted attenuators: Implications on work zone safety
CONCLUSIONS: This research presents a novel perspective on user acceptance of ATMA technology. These findings can help jurisdictions achieve the safety improvements that investment and deployment of automation in work zones offers, by identifying the disconnect between operators and technology.PMID:34037505 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1925116 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 26, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Shiva Pourfalatoun Erika E Miller Source Type: research

Importance of passive muscle, skin, and adipose tissue mechanical properties on head and neck response in rear impacts assessed with a finite element model
CONCLUSIONS: The improved skin, adipose tissue, and passive muscle material model properties, based on published experimental data, increased the neck compliance in rear impact, with improved correspondence to published PMHS test data for medium severity impacts. Future studies will investigate the coupled effect of passive and active muscle tissue for low severity impacts.PMID:34037475 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1918685 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 26, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Donata Gierczycka Aleksander Rycman Duane Cronin Source Type: research

Coronavirus lockdown: Excessive alcohol consumption and illicit substance use in DUI subjects
This study investigates the consequences of the SarS-CoV-2 outbreak and of the resulting control measures on alcohol and illicit substance use in a high-risk population for substance-related disorders, utilizing an integrated medico-legal and toxicological approach.METHODS: The research was structured as a retrospective case-control study of subjects found to be driving under the influence (DUI) of alcohol and/or other psychoactive substances who were examined for driver's license regranting. Alcohol and/or drug use was assessed by comparing cases examined in the period from May to August 2020 (immediately after the lockdo...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 26, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Elena Beccegato Francesco Angiola Donata Favretto Angelo Ruggeri Claudio Terranova Source Type: research

User perceptions of automated Truck-Mounted attenuators: Implications on work zone safety
CONCLUSIONS: This research presents a novel perspective on user acceptance of ATMA technology. These findings can help jurisdictions achieve the safety improvements that investment and deployment of automation in work zones offers, by identifying the disconnect between operators and technology.PMID:34037505 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1925116 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 26, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Shiva Pourfalatoun Erika E Miller Source Type: research

Importance of passive muscle, skin, and adipose tissue mechanical properties on head and neck response in rear impacts assessed with a finite element model
CONCLUSIONS: The improved skin, adipose tissue, and passive muscle material model properties, based on published experimental data, increased the neck compliance in rear impact, with improved correspondence to published PMHS test data for medium severity impacts. Future studies will investigate the coupled effect of passive and active muscle tissue for low severity impacts.PMID:34037475 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1918685 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 26, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Donata Gierczycka Aleksander Rycman Duane Cronin Source Type: research

Coronavirus lockdown: Excessive alcohol consumption and illicit substance use in DUI subjects
This study investigates the consequences of the SarS-CoV-2 outbreak and of the resulting control measures on alcohol and illicit substance use in a high-risk population for substance-related disorders, utilizing an integrated medico-legal and toxicological approach.METHODS: The research was structured as a retrospective case-control study of subjects found to be driving under the influence (DUI) of alcohol and/or other psychoactive substances who were examined for driver's license regranting. Alcohol and/or drug use was assessed by comparing cases examined in the period from May to August 2020 (immediately after the lockdo...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 26, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Elena Beccegato Francesco Angiola Donata Favretto Angelo Ruggeri Claudio Terranova Source Type: research

User perceptions of automated Truck-Mounted attenuators: Implications on work zone safety
CONCLUSIONS: This research presents a novel perspective on user acceptance of ATMA technology. These findings can help jurisdictions achieve the safety improvements that investment and deployment of automation in work zones offers, by identifying the disconnect between operators and technology.PMID:34037505 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1925116 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 26, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Shiva Pourfalatoun Erika E Miller Source Type: research

Importance of passive muscle, skin, and adipose tissue mechanical properties on head and neck response in rear impacts assessed with a finite element model
CONCLUSIONS: The improved skin, adipose tissue, and passive muscle material model properties, based on published experimental data, increased the neck compliance in rear impact, with improved correspondence to published PMHS test data for medium severity impacts. Future studies will investigate the coupled effect of passive and active muscle tissue for low severity impacts.PMID:34037475 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1918685 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 26, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Donata Gierczycka Aleksander Rycman Duane Cronin Source Type: research

Coronavirus lockdown: Excessive alcohol consumption and illicit substance use in DUI subjects
This study investigates the consequences of the SarS-CoV-2 outbreak and of the resulting control measures on alcohol and illicit substance use in a high-risk population for substance-related disorders, utilizing an integrated medico-legal and toxicological approach.METHODS: The research was structured as a retrospective case-control study of subjects found to be driving under the influence (DUI) of alcohol and/or other psychoactive substances who were examined for driver's license regranting. Alcohol and/or drug use was assessed by comparing cases examined in the period from May to August 2020 (immediately after the lockdo...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 26, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Elena Beccegato Francesco Angiola Donata Favretto Angelo Ruggeri Claudio Terranova Source Type: research

User perceptions of automated Truck-Mounted attenuators: Implications on work zone safety
CONCLUSIONS: This research presents a novel perspective on user acceptance of ATMA technology. These findings can help jurisdictions achieve the safety improvements that investment and deployment of automation in work zones offers, by identifying the disconnect between operators and technology.PMID:34037505 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1925116 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 26, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Shiva Pourfalatoun Erika E Miller Source Type: research

Importance of passive muscle, skin, and adipose tissue mechanical properties on head and neck response in rear impacts assessed with a finite element model
CONCLUSIONS: The improved skin, adipose tissue, and passive muscle material model properties, based on published experimental data, increased the neck compliance in rear impact, with improved correspondence to published PMHS test data for medium severity impacts. Future studies will investigate the coupled effect of passive and active muscle tissue for low severity impacts.PMID:34037475 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1918685 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 26, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Donata Gierczycka Aleksander Rycman Duane Cronin Source Type: research

Coronavirus lockdown: Excessive alcohol consumption and illicit substance use in DUI subjects
This study investigates the consequences of the SarS-CoV-2 outbreak and of the resulting control measures on alcohol and illicit substance use in a high-risk population for substance-related disorders, utilizing an integrated medico-legal and toxicological approach.METHODS: The research was structured as a retrospective case-control study of subjects found to be driving under the influence (DUI) of alcohol and/or other psychoactive substances who were examined for driver's license regranting. Alcohol and/or drug use was assessed by comparing cases examined in the period from May to August 2020 (immediately after the lockdo...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 26, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Elena Beccegato Francesco Angiola Donata Favretto Angelo Ruggeri Claudio Terranova Source Type: research

User perceptions of automated Truck-Mounted attenuators: Implications on work zone safety
CONCLUSIONS: This research presents a novel perspective on user acceptance of ATMA technology. These findings can help jurisdictions achieve the safety improvements that investment and deployment of automation in work zones offers, by identifying the disconnect between operators and technology.PMID:34037505 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1925116 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 26, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Shiva Pourfalatoun Erika E Miller Source Type: research