So much nuance: A qualitative analysis of parental perspectives on child passenger safety
CONCLUSION: From a parent perspective, there are several identified barriers and facilitators of optimal CRS use. Although car seat checks were identified as a resource, in-person accessibility was an issue, and there were mixed opinions on technology-assisted remote car seat checks. These results provide a foundation for additional study on targeted interventions, including remote interventions for which there is an increased need due to the COVID-19 pandemic.PMID:33661063 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1877276 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 4, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Sadiqa Kendi Mary Beth Howard Mohamed A Mohamed Samuel Eaddy James M Chamberlain Source Type: research

Composite performance indicators for helmet and seat-belt enforcement as imprecise data
CONCLUSIONS: Both RSPIs are applicable with slight differences that were in the order of countries and the ease of reading the results. We also found that each method has different strengths and that the FDEA-based CIs method is more accurate and more in line with the inputs than the IDEA-based CIs method.PMID:33661065 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1877277 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 4, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Azdasheer Barhoum Hamid Reza Behnood Source Type: research

Rear-seat occupant demographics in rear impacts: Analysis of NASS-CDS
CONCLUSIONS: The height and weight of a 10-year old and 5th Hybrid III ATD are representative of the average rear-seat occupant involved in rear crashes based on NASS-CDS. Crash tests with a delta V of between 30 and 37 km/h represent the typical collision causing serious-to-fatal injury.PMID:33661075 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2020.1871474 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 4, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Chantal S Parenteau David C Viano Edmund C Lau Source Type: research

The association between the score of adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity traits and risky driving behaviors with alcohol intake and narcotics consumption among Iranian motorcyclists
CONCLUSIONS: Considering the potential dangers of driving after AI and NC, appropriate measures should be adopted before certifying a driving license to screen ADHD as a predisposing factor for substance abuse and RDB. Furthermore, it is essential to equip traffic police with adequate diagnosis kits and establish heavy penalties for the offenders. In this regard, all interventions aimed to reduce traffic accidents among motorcycle drivers should be done considering the interrelationship between ADHD, RDB, and substance abuse.PMID:33661079 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1877278 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 4, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Maryam Akabri Yaser Sarikhani Kiana Khatami Arash Ardalan Heidar Safarpour Mohammad Hadi Imanieh Tahereh Ostovar Reza Tabrizi Arash Mani Seyed Taghi Heydari Kamran Bagheri Lankarani Source Type: research

Orthopedic injuries associated with use of electric scooters in the UK: A dangerous trend? Case series and review of the literature
CONCLUSION: This case series demonstrates an increasing frequency of significant orthopedic injury associated with e-scooter use treated at our center over the course of two years. This small series highlights an important problem given that this increase has occurred despite electric scooter usage in public spaces being illegal. Legalization might result in further increase in the incidence of injury.PMID:33661080 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1882676 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 4, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: George J M Hourston Albert Ngu James Hopkinson-Woolley Kuldeep St öhr Source Type: research

Brake response time between male drivers with and without paraplegia: Association between sociodemographic, motor and neurological characteristics
The objective of this study was to compare the brake response time of drivers with paraplegia (who use hand control) with drivers without paraplegia (who use their feet) in a virtual driving simulator brake test. Additionally, we aimed to predict and evaluate the association of virtual brake response time with sociodemographic, motor and cognitive variables.Methods: 40 male adult drivers, with paraplegia (n = 20, mean age 38.1 ± 3.6 years) and without paraplegia (n = 20, mean age 38.0 ± 5.8 years), with valid driver licenses, had their brake response time evaluated in an automatic transmission car simulator. ...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 4, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Sileno Santos Guilherme Carlos Brech Ang élica Castilho Alonso Julia Maria D'Andr éa Greve Source Type: research

A before-after full bayes multivariate intervention model to estimate the safety effectiveness of red light cameras
CONCLUSION: This study provides reliable estimates of the safety effectiveness of RLCs since it accounts for uncertainties in the data, regression-to-the-mean, and spillover effects.PMID:33566695 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1878162 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - February 10, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Angela E Kitali Fabio Soto Priyanka Alluri Md Asif Raihan Source Type: research

Validating the representativeness assumption of the quasi-induced exposure method using a national representative field observation survey
CONCLUSION: By system-wide comparisons on gender, age group, vehicle type, and period, our study suggests that the not-at-fault drivers in crash databases with crashes ranging from no injury to fatal injury reflect the general driving population when the collision occurred. Future study should evaluate the representativeness assumption among other important factors, including roadway type, road geometry, and level of urbanization. Our study supports the credibility of applying the QIE method in traffic safety research using crash databases of all crashes with all severities.PMID:33566705 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2020.1869223...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - February 10, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Sijun Shen Shan Bao Motao Zhu Source Type: research

Risk to workers or vehicle damage: What makes drivers slow down in work zones?
Traffic Inj Prev. 2021;22(2):177-181. doi: 10.1080/15389588.2021.1878354. Epub 2021 Feb 10.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVE: Speeding in work zones is common and poses significant safety hazards to motorists and workers. Previous studies have demonstrated that speeding is reduced when workers are visible to the drivers, suggesting that concern for the safety of workers influences drivers' speed choice. Conversely, the extent of speeding when workers are not visible suggests that drivers underestimate the increased risk of crashes or other damage to their vehicles associated with the poorer road conditions common at roadworks (loose surfa...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - February 10, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Ashim Kumar Debnath Narelle Haworth Ross Blackman Source Type: research

Effect of ABTS and conventional seats on occupant injury in rear impacts: Analysis of field and test data
CONCLUSIONS: The field data indicate that the 50th percentile male Hybrid III size is representative of an average occupant involved in rear crashes. ABTS seats used in this study are stiffer than conventional seats and increase ATD responses and injury risks over a wide range of crash severities.PMID:33566713 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2020.1849644 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - February 10, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Chantal S Parenteau Roger A Burnett David C Viano Edmund Lau Source Type: research

A before-after full bayes multivariate intervention model to estimate the safety effectiveness of red light cameras
CONCLUSION: This study provides reliable estimates of the safety effectiveness of RLCs since it accounts for uncertainties in the data, regression-to-the-mean, and spillover effects.PMID:33566695 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1878162 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - February 10, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Angela E Kitali Fabio Soto Priyanka Alluri Md Asif Raihan Source Type: research

Validating the representativeness assumption of the quasi-induced exposure method using a national representative field observation survey
CONCLUSION: By system-wide comparisons on gender, age group, vehicle type, and period, our study suggests that the not-at-fault drivers in crash databases with crashes ranging from no injury to fatal injury reflect the general driving population when the collision occurred. Future study should evaluate the representativeness assumption among other important factors, including roadway type, road geometry, and level of urbanization. Our study supports the credibility of applying the QIE method in traffic safety research using crash databases of all crashes with all severities.PMID:33566705 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2020.1869223...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - February 10, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Sijun Shen Shan Bao Motao Zhu Source Type: research

Risk to workers or vehicle damage: What makes drivers slow down in work zones?
Traffic Inj Prev. 2021;22(2):177-181. doi: 10.1080/15389588.2021.1878354. Epub 2021 Feb 10.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVE: Speeding in work zones is common and poses significant safety hazards to motorists and workers. Previous studies have demonstrated that speeding is reduced when workers are visible to the drivers, suggesting that concern for the safety of workers influences drivers' speed choice. Conversely, the extent of speeding when workers are not visible suggests that drivers underestimate the increased risk of crashes or other damage to their vehicles associated with the poorer road conditions common at roadworks (loose surfa...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - February 10, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Ashim Kumar Debnath Narelle Haworth Ross Blackman Source Type: research

Effect of ABTS and conventional seats on occupant injury in rear impacts: Analysis of field and test data
CONCLUSIONS: The field data indicate that the 50th percentile male Hybrid III size is representative of an average occupant involved in rear crashes. ABTS seats used in this study are stiffer than conventional seats and increase ATD responses and injury risks over a wide range of crash severities.PMID:33566713 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2020.1849644 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - February 10, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Chantal S Parenteau Roger A Burnett David C Viano Edmund Lau Source Type: research

A before-after full bayes multivariate intervention model to estimate the safety effectiveness of red light cameras
CONCLUSION: This study provides reliable estimates of the safety effectiveness of RLCs since it accounts for uncertainties in the data, regression-to-the-mean, and spillover effects.PMID:33566695 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1878162 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - February 10, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Angela E Kitali Fabio Soto Priyanka Alluri Md Asif Raihan Source Type: research

Validating the representativeness assumption of the quasi-induced exposure method using a national representative field observation survey
CONCLUSION: By system-wide comparisons on gender, age group, vehicle type, and period, our study suggests that the not-at-fault drivers in crash databases with crashes ranging from no injury to fatal injury reflect the general driving population when the collision occurred. Future study should evaluate the representativeness assumption among other important factors, including roadway type, road geometry, and level of urbanization. Our study supports the credibility of applying the QIE method in traffic safety research using crash databases of all crashes with all severities.PMID:33566705 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2020.1869223...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - February 10, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Sijun Shen Shan Bao Motao Zhu Source Type: research

Risk to workers or vehicle damage: What makes drivers slow down in work zones?
Traffic Inj Prev. 2021;22(2):177-181. doi: 10.1080/15389588.2021.1878354. Epub 2021 Feb 10.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVE: Speeding in work zones is common and poses significant safety hazards to motorists and workers. Previous studies have demonstrated that speeding is reduced when workers are visible to the drivers, suggesting that concern for the safety of workers influences drivers' speed choice. Conversely, the extent of speeding when workers are not visible suggests that drivers underestimate the increased risk of crashes or other damage to their vehicles associated with the poorer road conditions common at roadworks (loose surfa...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - February 10, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Ashim Kumar Debnath Narelle Haworth Ross Blackman Source Type: research

Effect of ABTS and conventional seats on occupant injury in rear impacts: Analysis of field and test data
CONCLUSIONS: The field data indicate that the 50th percentile male Hybrid III size is representative of an average occupant involved in rear crashes. ABTS seats used in this study are stiffer than conventional seats and increase ATD responses and injury risks over a wide range of crash severities.PMID:33566713 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2020.1849644 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - February 10, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Chantal S Parenteau Roger A Burnett David C Viano Edmund Lau Source Type: research

A before-after full bayes multivariate intervention model to estimate the safety effectiveness of red light cameras
CONCLUSION: This study provides reliable estimates of the safety effectiveness of RLCs since it accounts for uncertainties in the data, regression-to-the-mean, and spillover effects.PMID:33566695 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1878162 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - February 10, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Angela E Kitali Fabio Soto Priyanka Alluri Md Asif Raihan Source Type: research

Validating the representativeness assumption of the quasi-induced exposure method using a national representative field observation survey
CONCLUSION: By system-wide comparisons on gender, age group, vehicle type, and period, our study suggests that the not-at-fault drivers in crash databases with crashes ranging from no injury to fatal injury reflect the general driving population when the collision occurred. Future study should evaluate the representativeness assumption among other important factors, including roadway type, road geometry, and level of urbanization. Our study supports the credibility of applying the QIE method in traffic safety research using crash databases of all crashes with all severities.PMID:33566705 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2020.1869223...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - February 10, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Sijun Shen Shan Bao Motao Zhu Source Type: research

Risk to workers or vehicle damage: What makes drivers slow down in work zones?
Traffic Inj Prev. 2021;22(2):177-181. doi: 10.1080/15389588.2021.1878354. Epub 2021 Feb 10.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVE: Speeding in work zones is common and poses significant safety hazards to motorists and workers. Previous studies have demonstrated that speeding is reduced when workers are visible to the drivers, suggesting that concern for the safety of workers influences drivers' speed choice. Conversely, the extent of speeding when workers are not visible suggests that drivers underestimate the increased risk of crashes or other damage to their vehicles associated with the poorer road conditions common at roadworks (loose surfa...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - February 10, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Ashim Kumar Debnath Narelle Haworth Ross Blackman Source Type: research

Effect of ABTS and conventional seats on occupant injury in rear impacts: Analysis of field and test data
CONCLUSIONS: The field data indicate that the 50th percentile male Hybrid III size is representative of an average occupant involved in rear crashes. ABTS seats used in this study are stiffer than conventional seats and increase ATD responses and injury risks over a wide range of crash severities.PMID:33566713 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2020.1849644 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - February 10, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Chantal S Parenteau Roger A Burnett David C Viano Edmund Lau Source Type: research

A before-after full bayes multivariate intervention model to estimate the safety effectiveness of red light cameras
CONCLUSION: This study provides reliable estimates of the safety effectiveness of RLCs since it accounts for uncertainties in the data, regression-to-the-mean, and spillover effects.PMID:33566695 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1878162 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - February 10, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Angela E Kitali Fabio Soto Priyanka Alluri Md Asif Raihan Source Type: research

Validating the representativeness assumption of the quasi-induced exposure method using a national representative field observation survey
CONCLUSION: By system-wide comparisons on gender, age group, vehicle type, and period, our study suggests that the not-at-fault drivers in crash databases with crashes ranging from no injury to fatal injury reflect the general driving population when the collision occurred. Future study should evaluate the representativeness assumption among other important factors, including roadway type, road geometry, and level of urbanization. Our study supports the credibility of applying the QIE method in traffic safety research using crash databases of all crashes with all severities.PMID:33566705 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2020.1869223...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - February 10, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Sijun Shen Shan Bao Motao Zhu Source Type: research

Risk to workers or vehicle damage: What makes drivers slow down in work zones?
Traffic Inj Prev. 2021;22(2):177-181. doi: 10.1080/15389588.2021.1878354. Epub 2021 Feb 10.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVE: Speeding in work zones is common and poses significant safety hazards to motorists and workers. Previous studies have demonstrated that speeding is reduced when workers are visible to the drivers, suggesting that concern for the safety of workers influences drivers' speed choice. Conversely, the extent of speeding when workers are not visible suggests that drivers underestimate the increased risk of crashes or other damage to their vehicles associated with the poorer road conditions common at roadworks (loose surfa...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - February 10, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Ashim Kumar Debnath Narelle Haworth Ross Blackman Source Type: research

Effect of ABTS and conventional seats on occupant injury in rear impacts: Analysis of field and test data
CONCLUSIONS: The field data indicate that the 50th percentile male Hybrid III size is representative of an average occupant involved in rear crashes. ABTS seats used in this study are stiffer than conventional seats and increase ATD responses and injury risks over a wide range of crash severities.PMID:33566713 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2020.1849644 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - February 10, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Chantal S Parenteau Roger A Burnett David C Viano Edmund Lau Source Type: research

A before-after full bayes multivariate intervention model to estimate the safety effectiveness of red light cameras
CONCLUSION: This study provides reliable estimates of the safety effectiveness of RLCs since it accounts for uncertainties in the data, regression-to-the-mean, and spillover effects.PMID:33566695 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1878162 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - February 10, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Angela E Kitali Fabio Soto Priyanka Alluri Md Asif Raihan Source Type: research

Validating the representativeness assumption of the quasi-induced exposure method using a national representative field observation survey
CONCLUSION: By system-wide comparisons on gender, age group, vehicle type, and period, our study suggests that the not-at-fault drivers in crash databases with crashes ranging from no injury to fatal injury reflect the general driving population when the collision occurred. Future study should evaluate the representativeness assumption among other important factors, including roadway type, road geometry, and level of urbanization. Our study supports the credibility of applying the QIE method in traffic safety research using crash databases of all crashes with all severities.PMID:33566705 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2020.1869223...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - February 10, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Sijun Shen Shan Bao Motao Zhu Source Type: research

Risk to workers or vehicle damage: What makes drivers slow down in work zones?
Traffic Inj Prev. 2021;22(2):177-181. doi: 10.1080/15389588.2021.1878354. Epub 2021 Feb 10.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVE: Speeding in work zones is common and poses significant safety hazards to motorists and workers. Previous studies have demonstrated that speeding is reduced when workers are visible to the drivers, suggesting that concern for the safety of workers influences drivers' speed choice. Conversely, the extent of speeding when workers are not visible suggests that drivers underestimate the increased risk of crashes or other damage to their vehicles associated with the poorer road conditions common at roadworks (loose surfa...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - February 10, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Ashim Kumar Debnath Narelle Haworth Ross Blackman Source Type: research

Effect of ABTS and conventional seats on occupant injury in rear impacts: Analysis of field and test data
CONCLUSIONS: The field data indicate that the 50th percentile male Hybrid III size is representative of an average occupant involved in rear crashes. ABTS seats used in this study are stiffer than conventional seats and increase ATD responses and injury risks over a wide range of crash severities.PMID:33566713 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2020.1849644 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - February 10, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Chantal S Parenteau Roger A Burnett David C Viano Edmund Lau Source Type: research

A before-after full bayes multivariate intervention model to estimate the safety effectiveness of red light cameras
CONCLUSION: This study provides reliable estimates of the safety effectiveness of RLCs since it accounts for uncertainties in the data, regression-to-the-mean, and spillover effects.PMID:33566695 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1878162 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - February 10, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Angela E Kitali Fabio Soto Priyanka Alluri Md Asif Raihan Source Type: research

Validating the representativeness assumption of the quasi-induced exposure method using a national representative field observation survey
CONCLUSION: By system-wide comparisons on gender, age group, vehicle type, and period, our study suggests that the not-at-fault drivers in crash databases with crashes ranging from no injury to fatal injury reflect the general driving population when the collision occurred. Future study should evaluate the representativeness assumption among other important factors, including roadway type, road geometry, and level of urbanization. Our study supports the credibility of applying the QIE method in traffic safety research using crash databases of all crashes with all severities.PMID:33566705 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2020.1869223...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - February 10, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Sijun Shen Shan Bao Motao Zhu Source Type: research

Risk to workers or vehicle damage: What makes drivers slow down in work zones?
Traffic Inj Prev. 2021;22(2):177-181. doi: 10.1080/15389588.2021.1878354. Epub 2021 Feb 10.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVE: Speeding in work zones is common and poses significant safety hazards to motorists and workers. Previous studies have demonstrated that speeding is reduced when workers are visible to the drivers, suggesting that concern for the safety of workers influences drivers' speed choice. Conversely, the extent of speeding when workers are not visible suggests that drivers underestimate the increased risk of crashes or other damage to their vehicles associated with the poorer road conditions common at roadworks (loose surfa...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - February 10, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Ashim Kumar Debnath Narelle Haworth Ross Blackman Source Type: research

Effect of ABTS and conventional seats on occupant injury in rear impacts: Analysis of field and test data
CONCLUSIONS: The field data indicate that the 50th percentile male Hybrid III size is representative of an average occupant involved in rear crashes. ABTS seats used in this study are stiffer than conventional seats and increase ATD responses and injury risks over a wide range of crash severities.PMID:33566713 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2020.1849644 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - February 10, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Chantal S Parenteau Roger A Burnett David C Viano Edmund Lau Source Type: research

A before-after full bayes multivariate intervention model to estimate the safety effectiveness of red light cameras.
CONCLUSION: This study provides reliable estimates of the safety effectiveness of RLCs since it accounts for uncertainties in the data, regression-to-the-mean, and spillover effects. PMID: 33566695 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - February 10, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Kitali AE, Soto F, Alluri P, Raihan MA Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Validating the representativeness assumption of the quasi-induced exposure method using a national representative field observation survey.
CONCLUSION: By system-wide comparisons on gender, age group, vehicle type, and period, our study suggests that the not-at-fault drivers in crash databases with crashes ranging from no injury to fatal injury reflect the general driving population when the collision occurred. Future study should evaluate the representativeness assumption among other important factors, including roadway type, road geometry, and level of urbanization. Our study supports the credibility of applying the QIE method in traffic safety research using crash databases of all crashes with all severities. PMID: 33566705 [PubMed - as supplied by pub...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - February 10, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Shen S, Bao S, Zhu M Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Risk to workers or vehicle damage: What makes drivers slow down in work zones?
Abstract OBJECTIVE: Speeding in work zones is common and poses significant safety hazards to motorists and workers. Previous studies have demonstrated that speeding is reduced when workers are visible to the drivers, suggesting that concern for the safety of workers influences drivers' speed choice. Conversely, the extent of speeding when workers are not visible suggests that drivers underestimate the increased risk of crashes or other damage to their vehicles associated with the poorer road conditions common at roadworks (loose surfaces and debris, narrower lane width and drop-offs etc.). To better understand the...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - February 10, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Debnath AK, Haworth N, Blackman R Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Effect of ABTS and conventional seats on occupant injury in rear impacts: Analysis of field and test data.
CONCLUSIONS: The field data indicate that the 50th percentile male Hybrid III size is representative of an average occupant involved in rear crashes. ABTS seats used in this study are stiffer than conventional seats and increase ATD responses and injury risks over a wide range of crash severities. PMID: 33566713 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - February 10, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Parenteau CS, Burnett RA, Viano DC, Lau E Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Driving under the influence of drugs or alcohol: Predicting the intentions of young drivers.
Conclusions: This study explored an extended TPB model to understand young drivers' DUI intentions better. With this new knowledge of understanding the factors that influence DUI, researchers and practitioners can create interventions and strategies that are better tailored to the population of young drivers at higher risk. PMID: 33556262 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - February 8, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Vankov D, Schroeter R Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

The safety potential of enhanced lateral vehicle positioning.
CONCLUSIONS: This is a first attempt to identify and quantify the increase in potential safety benefits, based on the assumption that robust lateral vehicle positioning has been applied to lane keeping as well as lane escaping. In addition to the potentially increased number of prevented crashes compared to traditional lane support, a robust lateral positioning system may have the potential to improve the redundancy in positioning systems. Previous research suggests several techniques to improve lateral vehicle positioning. However, further research is required, including testing for implementation of adequately improved l...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - February 8, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Sternlund S Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

On-the-road driving performance of patients with central disorders of hypersomnolence.
CONCLUSION: Driving performance of NT1 patients may still be impaired, despite receiving treatment. No conclusions can be drawn for NT2 and IH patients due to the low sample sizes of these subgroups. In clinical practice, determination of fitness to drive for these patients should be based on an individual assessment in which also coping strategies are taken into account. PMID: 33543997 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - February 5, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: van der Sluiszen NNJJM, Urbanus B, Lammers GJ, Overeem S, Ramaekers JG, Vermeeren A Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

The failings of per se limits to detect cannabis-induced driving impairment: Results from a simulated driving study.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: Many jurisdictions use per se limits to define cannabis-impaired driving. Previous studies, however, suggest that THC concentrations in biological matrices do not reliably reflect cannabis dose and are poorly correlated with magnitude of driving impairment. Here, we first review a range of concerns associated with per se limits for THC. We then use data from a recent clinical trial to test the validity of a range of extant blood and oral fluid THC per se limits in predicting driving impairment during a simulated driving task. METHODS: Simulated driving performance was assessed in 14 infreq...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - February 5, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Arkell TR, Spindle TR, Kevin RC, Vandrey R, McGregor IS Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Prediction of lower extremity injuries in car-pedestrian crashes - real-world accident study.
CONCLUSION: This study demonstrates that THUMS HBM well predicts pedestrian injuries in real-world crashes. However, a similar study with comprehensive crash site data and medical records of victims will enhance the confidence in results. PMID: 33528273 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - February 2, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Panday P, Vikram A, Chawla A, Mukherjee S Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Associations of mental health with driving while impaired and risky driving in emerging adults.
CONCLUSIONS: Depressive and psychosomatic symptoms were associated with greater DWI and risky driving in all 4 years after high school. Negative mental and psychosomatic health should be targeted components of DWI and risky driving prevention to lower fatal motor vehicle crashes among emerging adults. PMID: 33497268 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - January 26, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Li K, Vaca FE, Courtney JB, Haynie DL, Simons-Morton BG Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

A skewed logistic model of two-unit bicycle-vehicle hit-and-run crashes.
CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this study are important and useful when developing countermeasures to prevent BV-HR crashes and to improve cycling safety. PMID: 33497285 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - January 26, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Jiang C, Tay R, Lu L Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Development of the pedestrian anger expression inventory.
CONCLUSIONS: In this study, we developed a questionnaire to measure anger expression in pedestrians, highlighting three broad ways pedestrians deal with their anger (internally, externally, or constructively). This questionnaire was used in Iran and therefore, further research is required to validate these tools among different samples and populations. PMID: 33497287 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - January 26, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Esmaeli S, Aghabayk K, Abrari Vajari M, Stephens AN Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

The effect of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) on driving behavior and risk perception.
CONCLUSIONS: Participants with ADHD and the control group drove remarkably similarly in the simulator driving test and rated themselves similarly regarding how they drive. The results contribute to state that ADHD drivers are less deviant than asserted by previous research. PMID: 33497288 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - January 26, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Lidestam B, Selander H, Vaa T, Thorslund B Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Patterns of traumatic injuries and outcomes to motorcyclists in a developing country: A cross-sectional study.
CONCLUSION: Although orthopedic injuries occur most frequently in motorcycle trauma, polytrauma necessitating multi-disciplinary management and complicating hospital stay is also common. Understanding patterns of injuries and management in motorcycle trauma will enable trauma teams in a developing country like Pakistan to devise evidence-based management protocols, especially for cases of polytrauma. PMID: 33497294 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - January 26, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Martins RS, Saqib SU, Gillani M, Sania SRT, Junaid MU, Zafar H Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Characteristics of pedestrian injuries caused due to impacts with powered 2-wheelers in India.
Conclusions: The results show that head injuries account for most pedestrian fatalities in crashes with PTWs and lower extremity injuries account for most nonfatal injuries. Head injuries are associated with ground contacts and lower extremity injuries are associated with contacting PTW front-end parts. Pedestrians contacting the corner of the PTW are highly prone to MAIS 3+ head injuries, whereas pedestrians contacting the center of the PTW are less prone to MAIS 3+ head injuries. This difference is predominantly because of the varied injury mechanisms seen across PCZs. PMID: 33433239 [PubMed - as supplied by publish...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - January 12, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Jayaraman A, Soni J, Baladaniya S, Rajaraman R, Patel M, Padmanaban J Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Modeling lane-transgressing behavior of e-bike riders on road sections with marked bike lanes: A survival analysis approach.
Conclusions: E-bikers behave differently under the effects of various factors. In the perspective of the safety and the design, these effects need to be considered. The width of the non-motorized lane is recommended to be no less than 260 cm. The physically separated facilities, such as guardrail, are highly recommended to avoid the interference between the motorized vehicles and bicycles. This study provides a reference for a guidance for the management of the mixed traffic flow with e-bikes. PMID: 33337927 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - December 18, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Nan S, Yan L, Tu R, Li T Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research