Risk perception: A study using dashcam videos and participants from different world regions.
Conclusion: We found support for the desensitization hypothesis and the expertise hypothesis. These findings have implications for cross-cultural hazard perception research. PMID: 32401616 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 12, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Bazilinskyy P, Eisma YB, Dodou D, de Winter JCF Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Analysis of kinematic behavior of pedestrians/cyclists in vehicle collisions using impulse.
Conclusion: This research employed a new approach using the impulse transmitted to each body region due to contact with the vehicle body and showed that impulse is a useful parameter to understand the process of pedestrian/cyclist kinematics. The impulse relates to the linear and angular velocities of the pedestrian/cyclist at the time of separation from the car, thereby providing useful information to control pedestrian/cyclist falling kinematics prior to the ground impact. PMID: 32378981 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 6, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Murano S, Kong C, Mizuno K, Ito D, Nakane D, Wakabayashi A Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Driving anger and factors related to aggressive driving among Serbian drivers.
Conclusions: The study supports the adapted DAS validity and produces evidence that driving anger is associated with driving outcomes. PMID: 32363920 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 3, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Matović B, Jovanović D, Pljakić M, Stanojević P Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

How does financial burden influence the crash rate among taxi drivers? A self-reported questionnaire study in China.
Conclusion: Financial burden is the root cause behind the propensity of taxi drivers to be involved in accidents. Taxi companies should find ways to reduce drivers' expenses, and new technologies, such as taxi-calling or location and navigation based on mobile applications, should be introduced into the traditional taxi industry. PMID: 32363927 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 3, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Peng Z, Wang Y, Luo X Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Signs of altered psychomotor capacity and use of alcohol and other drugs among nightclub patrons who drive in the city of S ão Paulo, Brazil.
Conclusion: This study suggests the potential of using the Perham (2007) physical test for alcohol intoxication in sobriety checkpoints at the exit of nightclubs. However, the verification of these signs is not enough for the identification of drug use by drivers. PMID: 32363941 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 3, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Erbella RA, Sanchez ZM, Wagner GA Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

An investigation on the risk factors associated with driving errors under the influence of alcohol using structural equation modeling.
Conclusion: This study highlights a novel approach to investigate driving error by modeling it as a latent variable instead of modeling individual performance measures. The successful execution of SEM in alcohol impairment research may serve as a significant step in the human factors field moving from piecemeal analysis to a combined analysis where interrelationships among numerous risk factors and driving error can be established. The study outcomes may serve as a reference while developing strategies to enhance road traffic safety where special emphasis can be given to the critical risk factors influencing driving error ...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 3, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Yadav AK, Velaga NR Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Braking behavior of major approach turning vehicles at rural two-way stop controlled intersections: A naturalistic driving study.
Conclusions: By detecting reaction distance of all 449 time series trace, the study provides an influence area of the intersection for the turning vehicles. PMID: 32329624 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - April 23, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Thapa R, Hallmark S, Oneyear N Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Factors influencing side air curtain deployment in rollover motor vehicle accidents.
Conclusions: Nondeployment of the side curtain airbags in rollovers occurred more frequently in vehicles without dedicated rollover sensors, which were most frequently passenger vehicles. PMID: 32319811 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - April 21, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Ristow J, Cordeiro M, Boyle D, Telehowski P, Atkinson T Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

The increasing role of provincial administrative sanctions in Canadian impaired driving enforcement.
Conclusions: With careful drafting, the provinces can enact cost-effective roadside administrative sanctions that have been shown to significantly reduce impaired driving deaths and injuries. The legality of any administrative sanction will likely depend on its severity, the reliability of the test or evidence upon which it is based, and the extent to which the driver has a meaningful opportunity to challenge the decision. PMID: 32319814 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - April 21, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Solomon R, MacLeod L, Dumschat E Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Understanding the impact of road design characteristic on teen driver's fatality.
Conclusions: This study suggests teen driver education programs consider addressing road design characteristics. For example, incorporating focused lessons on traffic signs and traffic control types may better prepare young people for their driving experiences. Additionally, more supervised driving time is needed on various road types, especially those that present greater risks (e.g., roads with grades/curves, intersections with no traffic signal, undivided roads, and unpaved roads). PMID: 32319815 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - April 21, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Kim W, Svancara AM, Kelley-Baker T Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Kinematics of inboard-leaning occupants in frontal impacts.
Conclusions: The posture-induced increase in the distance between the D-ring and the shoulder permitted the increased maximum forward head displacement and increased maximum head resultant velocity relative to the vehicle interior. Thus, an initial inboard lean in a frontal impact may increase the risk and severity of a head strike to the vehicle interior, and alter the location, timing, and nature of airbag engagement. PMID: 32315202 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - April 20, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Donlon JP, Richardson R, Jayathirtha M, Forman J, Kerrigan J, Kent R, Arbogast KB, Maripudi V, Scavnicky M Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Drivers' visual attention during the onset of the circular yellow indication at high-speed signalized intersections.
Conclusions: This study highlights the importance of understanding the fixation behavior of drivers and the factors that influence drivers' visual attention. These findings could guide future efforts by the transportation community to involve drivers in training programs to emphasize the risks associated with ignoring rear view mirrors during their response to CY indications. PMID: 32310676 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - April 19, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Aswad Mohammed H, Hurwitz DS, Macuga KL Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Investigation of the instinctive reaction of human drivers in social dilemma based on the use of a driving simulator and a questionnaire survey.
Conclusion: A conclusion can be drawn from the second and third group of experiments that most drivers consider not only their own safety, but the safety of pedestrians. Most of the participants intended to minimize the total amount of harm in social dilemma. The choice of crashing into barriers to protect a pedestrian can also be seen as a way to minimize the total amount of harm. PMID: 32310690 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - April 19, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Gao Z, Sun Y, Hu H, Zhang T, Gao F Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Influence of red-light violation warning systems on driver behavior - a driving simulator study.
Conclusions: The findings suggest that the presence of an RLVW system sends a clear message to the driver about the change in traffic light and gives the driver ample time to adapt their initial approach speed to stop at the signal, avoiding potential intersection crashes. PMID: 32297803 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - April 15, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Banerjee S, Jeihani M, Khadem NK, Kabir MM Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Casualty risk of e-bike rider struck by passenger vehicle using China in-depth accident data.
Conclusions: The findings of this study provide meaningful insights to formulate effective policies especially for speed limit management to improve the safety of e-bikes. PMID: 32297809 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - April 15, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Hu L, Hu X, Wang J, Kuang A, Hao W, Lin M Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Awareness, perception and experience on child restraint system (CRS) and its legislation among Malaysian parents with newborns.
Conclusions: Although majority of the parents were aware about CRS, but only half had a CRS for their current newborn. Most of the parents supported CRS legislation in Malaysia, but assistance will be required to help them through challenges related to CRS use. PMID: 32297815 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - April 15, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Ang JY, Lai JM, Hss AS, Ramalingam P, Ramasamy M, Zainuddin NS, Shaari H, Ahmad-Aduan A, Sanimi NS, Bahari N Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Measurement method for objective cyclist behavior parameters.
Conclusion: It can be concluded that the developed measurement method provides insight of the cyclists' behavior in such a way that it can already be used for obtaining information to make changes to the infrastructure that will improve the comfort and safety of cyclists. The method could be further developed for doing qualitative comfort and safety analyses, and for doing analyses of the interaction between various types of road participants. PMID: 32286092 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - April 13, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Meijer R, van Dam E, Bouma H, Baan J, van der Hurk SE Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Seating preferences in highly automated vehicles and occupant safety awareness: A national survey of Chinese perceptions.
Abstract Objective: The potential challenge for providing occupant protection accompanying seating preferences is an essential safety prerequisite for highly automated vehicle (HAV) popularization. This research is aimed toward identifying Asia-specific individualized seating preferences in HAVs and occupant safety awareness via a national survey in China.Methods: An online questionnaire survey was performed to investigate seating preferences (i.e., sitting posture, seating orientation, and position) and occupant safety awareness (i.e., seat belt usage and receptiveness to extended or additional restraints beyond ...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - April 9, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Nie B, Gan S, Chen W, Zhou Q Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Assessing the impact of the 2015 introduction of increased penalties and enhanced public awareness and enforcement activities on texting while driving among adults in Ontario, Canada.
Conclusions: These results identify a decrease in TWD following the introduction of enhanced penalties with corresponding public education and enforcement efforts, adding to the existing evaluative evidence base to inform transportation safety policy. These results also support the need to examine TWD and its determinants among all age groups. PMID: 32255373 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - April 6, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Wickens CM, Ialomiteanu AR, Cook S, Hamilton H, Haya M, Ma T, Mann RE, Manson H, McDonald A Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

A medicolegal approach to the very rare Auto-Brewery (endogenous alcohol fermentation) syndrome.
Conclusion: Various gastrointestinal system abnormalities such as through laparotomy, gastrectomy are reported in most of Auto-Brewery syndrome cases. There are cases, although rare, where gastrointestinal disorders are not detected and secondary disorders of normal intestinal flora due to frequent antibiotic use seem to be a factor. Such a condition is present in the current case. Those who are aware of this condition may falsely rely on it as a method to avoid penalties. On the other hand, genuine patients suffering from this condition may be caught by traffic control and become victims of the condition. For that reason,...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - April 6, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Akbaba M Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

The potential of different countermeasures to prevent injuries with high risk of health loss among bicyclists in Sweden.
Conclusions: Compared with fatal crashes that involve a majority of bicycle-car crashes, the crashes leading to health-loss are mostly single bicycle crashes. Therefore, innovation and development of additional countermeasures to improve safety for bicyclists should focus on single bicycle crashes. PMID: 32167786 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 12, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Rizzi MC, Rizzi M, Kullgren A, Algurén B Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Psychological predictors of seat belt usage among university student passengers and an examination of the differences between the front and rear seats.
Conclusions: The present research adds further empirical evidence regarding the ability of the TPB to predict seat belt usage behavior. In addition, the current research results may provide a theoretical basis for policy-making aiming to improve university students' seat belt usage. PMID: 32160009 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 10, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Jiang K, Yang Z, Feng Z, Yu Z, Huang Z Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Analysis of crash injury severity on two trans-European transport network corridors in Spain using discrete-choice models and random forests.
Conclusions: The contribution of this paper to the existing literature is two-fold: the first important contribution of the paper is related to the safety analysis of two of the most important freight corridors in Spain and southern Europe. The second contribution of this paper is to address the existing gap in the literature relating to the comparison and compatibility of data mining and the logistic regression model. PMID: 32160016 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 10, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Dadashova B, Arenas-Ramires B, Mira-McWillaims J, Dixon K, Lord D Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Gender differences in the effectiveness of public education messages aimed at smartphone use among young drivers.
Conclusions: These findings suggest that young male drivers and young female drivers require different message content to be effective and support the importance of including multiple outcome measures to explain the messages' persuasive effects. PMID: 32154732 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 9, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Gauld CS, Lewis IM, White KM, Watson BC, Rose CT, Fleiter JJ Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Understanding vehicle crashes in work zones: Analysis of workplace health and safety data as an alternative to police-reported crash data in Queensland, Australia.
Conclusions: The WHS dataset is a valuable alternative to police-reported crash data for understanding vehicle crash characteristics in work zones, particularly where restrictive reporting criteria lead to inability to identify these crashes in police data. Reliability and utility of WHS data could be improved through advanced reporting systems and procedures, potentially including development of an app-based system for use on mobile electronic devices. PMID: 32154733 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 9, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Blackman R, Debnath AK, Haworth N Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Infant car seat use in Japan after the antepartum distribution of an educational leaflet: A prospective, nonrandomized controlled trial with a questionnaire survey.
Conclusions: Antepartum minimal intervention via the distribution of an educational leaflet recommending ICS safety guidelines was associated with increased rates of ICS attachments, always ICS use, and ICS placement on the rear seat and in rear-facing positions; however, it did not contribute to reduced MVA rates after delivery. PMID: 32154734 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 9, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Morikawa M, Yamada T, Kogo H, Sugawara M, Nishikawa A, Fukushi Y, Kato-Hirayama E, Ishioka SI, Watari H Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Proactive crash risk prediction modeling for merging assistance system at interchange merging areas.
Conclusions: The results suggest that the nested logit model has the highest prediction accuracy. It is concluded that the merging speed, driving ability (i.e., lane-keeping instability), and the vehicle type in the target lane affect the crash risk. Finally, the implementation of the proposed prediction model for merging assistance system is designed. The findings from this study can have implications for the design of the merging assistance system for helping drivers make safe merging decisions and thus enhancing the safety of the interchange merging area. PMID: 32154738 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: ...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 9, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Gu X, Cai Q, Lee J, Xiang Q, Ma Y, Xu X Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Development of an expert derived ICD-AIS map for serious AIS3+ injury identification.
This article describes in detail the mapping process of the International Classification of Diseases Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) and the International Classification of Diseases Tenth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-10-CM) codes to the Abbreviated Injury Scale 2005, Update 2008 (AIS08) codes to identify injury with an AIS severity of 3 or more (AIS3+ severity) to determine 'serious' (MAIS3+) road traffic injuries.Methods: Over 19,000 ICD codes were mapped from the following injury categories; injury ICD-9-CM (Chapter 17) codes between '800 and 999.9' and injury ICD-10-CM (Chapter 19) 'S' and 'T' p...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 5, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Barnes J, Loftis KL, Jones L, Price JP, Gillich PJ, Cookman K, Brammer AL, St Germain T, Graymire V, Nayduch DA, Brennan M Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Class-imbalanced crash prediction based on real-time traffic and weather data: A driving simulator study.
Conclusion: The findings provide new insights into crash events forecasting and may be used to promote enforcement efforts related to designing crash avoidance/warning systems that enhance the effectiveness of the system's application based on driver input and vehicle kinematics under various weather conditions. PMID: 32125890 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 2, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Elamrani Abou Elassad Z, Mousannif H, Al Moatassime H Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Maximum acceptable speed based on physiological performance for different alignments of rural roads under the influence of visibility in fog-a driving simulator study.
Conclusions: The study shows a significant correlation between the drivers' physiological performance and his or her driving speed choice under the influence of visibility in fog. Given visibility conditions and road alignment parameters, we can calculate the maximum acceptable speed that meets the driver's physiological requirements. Such findings should be indicative of real-time traffic management that could reduce the crash risk under inadequate visibility conditions in fog. PMID: 32125892 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 2, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Wang K, Zhang W, Feng Z, Sze NN, Hu Z, Wang C Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Mapping fractures from traffic accidents in Sweden: How do cyclists compare to other road users?
Conclusions: The results of this study may guide the design of appropriate protective devices for the cyclists based on the different injury mechanisms and provide implications for prioritizing new countermeasures, campaigns, or regulations. PMID: 32119567 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 1, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Meredith L, Kovaceva J, Bálint A Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Determination of critical time points in non-collision incidents of elderly passengers in standing position on urban bus.
Abstract Objective: Due to the reduced physical ability of elderly, the occurrence of non-collision incidents is higher for these passengers in standing position. Therefore, the purpose of the present study is to determine the critical time points of non-collision incidents using the level of leg muscle activity in elderly standing passengers on urban bus.Methods: To determine the critical time points in the occurrence of non-collision incidents, the level of muscular activity of the standing passengers was analyzed using a surface electromyography (surface EMG) device during the movement scenario of the bus. The ...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 1, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Arabian A, Masjoodi S, Makkiabadi B, Ghafari E, Torabi Nassaj E, Zakerian SA Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

The implementation of per-se limits for driving under the influence of benzodiazepines and related drugs: No increased risk for arrest during therapeutic use in Norway.
Conclusions: The results show that the implementation of legislative limits for BZDs and z-hypnotics may have contributed to DUID suspicion for a small group of patients using therapeutic drug doses; only 1.3% of the suspected DUID offenders had concentrations of only one of those drugs in-line with recommended therapeutic dosing. PMID: 32119573 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 1, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Christophersen AS, Karinen R, Mørland J, Gjerde H Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Sleep-impaired emotional regulation, impaired cognition, and poor sleep health are associated with risky sleepy driving in young adults.
Conclusion: Different variables were associated with the 2 risky driving behaviors, suggesting different underlying factors. Sleep-impaired emotional regulation and/or sleep-impaired cognition could be used to signal drivers that they are impaired by sleepiness. PMID: 32091936 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - February 23, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Watling CN, Shaw LM, Watling H Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Comparative risk factor analyses on bi-level injury severity of taxi and private car crashes in Seoul, South Korea.
Conclusions: This study identified the risk factors that affect the crash- and party-related severity level when casualties involved taxis and private cars. By employing both crash- and party-level models, the study not only identifies the risk factors among taxis and private car crashes but also provides a comprehensive picture of the injury profile of all vehicular occupants, which helps to devise safety measures that enhance the safety and reduce the injury severity for parties involved in crashes. PMID: 32091948 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - February 23, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Noh Y, Kwon OH, Yoon Y Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Statement of Retraction: Psychological predictors behind the intention to drink and drive among female drivers: Application of extended theory of planned behavior.
Authors: PMID: 32078384 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - February 19, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

A comparison of anti-whiplash seats during low/moderate speed rear-end collisions.
Conclusions: The relatively similar occupant responses across all seats could explain the marginal reductions in whiplash injury risk between good- and poor-rated seats in field studies. Further research into the design of anti-whiplash devices is required to better understand the link between occupant response and injury, and to better mitigate the risk of whiplash injuries during rear-end collisions. PMID: 32027520 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - February 5, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Mang DWH, Siegmund GP, Blouin JS Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Estimate of safety impact of lane keeping assistant system on fatalities and injuries reduction for China: Scenarios through 2030.
Conclusions: The safety impact of LKA system on traffic crash fatalities and injuries reduction in China has been estimated. The results indicate that LKA system has considerable potential benefit in China. Interaction design with the driver, setting of the minimum travel speed and adaptability of the harsh conditions of the camera are the breakthrough points for maximizing safety benefits. The safety system of the intelligent vehicle has different benefits in different countries. PMID: 32023126 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - February 4, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Tan H, Zhao F, Hao H, Liu Z Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Biomechanical impact testing of synthetic versus human cadaveric tibias for predicting injury risk during pedestrian-vehicle collisions.
Conclusions: Synthetic composite tibias offer the potential for developing a frangible test surrogate, and matched cadaveric response in several respects. However, the repeatability was not high enough for them to be used in their present form for injury prediction. PMID: 32023127 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - February 4, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Cameron MW, Schemitsch EH, Zdero R, Quenneville CE Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Racial and ethnic differences in patients involved in alcohol-impaired motor vehicle crashes and its related clinical outcomes among various age groups in the U.S.
Abstract Objective(s): 1) to determine whether the proportion of alcohol-impaired patients involved in motor vehicle crashes (MVCs) varies by race/ethnicity within different age groups; 2) to explore the relationship between alcohol impairment, race/ethnicity and clinical outcomes among patients involved in MVCs across age groups.Methods: The 2012 National Trauma Data Bank (NTDB) queried for patients aged 16-55 involved in MVCs who received a blood ethanol test on admission.Results: Of the 44,216 patients involved in MVC, 68% were White, 14% Black, and 13% were Hispanic. About 36% were 16-25 years old, and ...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - February 4, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Randle R, Bazargan-Hejazi S, Pen D, Diab S, Shaheen M Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

The electric scooter: A surging new mode of transportation that comes with risk to riders.
Conclusion: We found a substantial increase in the number of scooter-related injuries during the first two months of electric scooter legalization. There was a lack of safety equipment utilization and concomitant alcohol utilization was common. These may offer areas of focus for injury prevention efforts. Additionally, standardization of injury coding for electric scooter related injury is critical to future studies and will help better understand the impact of this new mode of transportation. PMID: 32023131 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - February 4, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Puzio TJ, Murphy PB, Gazzetta J, Dineen HA, Savage SA, Streib EW, Zarzaur BL Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Using virtual reality to identify and modify risky pedestrian behaviors amongst Chinese children.
Abstract Objective: China has a high fatality rate for child pedestrians, which highlights the necessity of implementing more effective pedestrian safety training programs in elementary schools. We thus investigated the efficacy of using virtual reality (VR) as an instructional technology to identify and modify risky pedestrian behaviors among Chinese children.Methods: Seventy-nine children (grades 1 through 3) from three elementary schools in Hubei province participated and were categorized into urban (n = 20), migrant (n = 29), or rural (n = 30) students based on the sch...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - January 29, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Luo H, Yang T, Kwon S, Zuo M, Li W, Choi I Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Illicit drugs are now more common than alcohol among South Australian crash-involved drivers and riders.
Conclusions: Although the apparent decline in alcohol involvement in road crashes in recent years in South Australia is to be welcomed, the increasing proportion of road crashes involving drug impaired drivers, particularly those affected by methamphetamine, is cause for concern. A National Drug Driving Working Group has been set up by Austroads to examine improvements in drug driving enforcement practices. The recommendations arising from their work need to be considered for implementation to prevent rising drug driving crashes from replacing the reduction in road crashes attributable to drink driving. PMID: 31999482...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - January 29, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Baldock M, Lindsay T Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Exposure to unsafe mobility: Traveling in the cargo area of pickup trucks in three Mexican cities.
Conclusions: Results support the importance of improving and enforcing current legislation and evaluating strategies directed to prevent exposure to this risky behavior with the potential of contributing to lowering the high burden that road traffic injuries imposed in Mexican public health. PMID: 31999484 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - January 29, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Pérez-Núñez R, Vera-López JD Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Comparison of three-point belt fit between humans and Hybrid-III anthropometric test devices in a driver mockup.
Conclusions: Differences in the lap and shoulder belt fits were quantified between the physical ATDs and regression predictions for similarly sized humans in driving postures. The consequences of these differences should be investigated to help increase understanding of the relationship between belt fit and belt performance. PMID: 31999486 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - January 29, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Park J, Ebert SM, Reed MP, Hallman JJ Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Driving with undiagnosed obstructive sleep apnea (OSA): High prevalence of OSA risk in drivers who experienced a motor vehicle crash.
Abstract Objective: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a risk factor for motor vehicle crashes (MVC), and patients with diagnosed OSA have a higher likelihood of being involved in a traffic accident. OSA, however, is often underdiagnosed in the general population. The purpose of this study was to assess the risk of undiagnosed OSA among hospitalized patients involved in MVCs.Methods: This is a prospective, observational pilot study of adult trauma patients admitted to a Level 1 trauma center after being the driver in a MVC. Patients were administered the STOP-Bang to assess risk of OSA and were asked questions about...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - January 29, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Purtle MW, Renner CH, McCann DA, Mallen JC, Spilman SK, Sahr SM Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Driving simulator experiments to study drowsiness: A systematic review.
Conclusions: Overall, we can conclude that drowsiness and fatigue impair driving performance, resulting in drivers who are more exposed to risky situations. PMID: 31986057 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - January 26, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Soares S, Ferreira S, Couto A Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Analysis of drivers' deceleration behavior based on naturalistic driving data.
Conclusion: The drivers' deceleration behavior can be divided into "no pedal input" and "brake pedal input." The following six factors significantly affect drivers' choice of deceleration mode: Traffic flow, Intersection mode, Lead vehicle motion state, Ego-vehicle motion state, Ego-vehicle speed and THW. The logistic regression model can quantify the influence of these six factors on drivers' deceleration behavior. This study provides a theoretical basis for the braking system design of ADAS (Advanced Driving Assistant System) and intelligent control system. PMID: 31986072 [PubMed - as supplied by...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - January 26, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Li S, Li P, Yao Y, Han X, Xu Y, Chen L Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Assessing the safety criticality of driver behavior toward cyclists at intersections.
Conclusion: Therefore, the analysis can only provide an explanation for the higher proportion of accidents between drivers turning right and cyclists crossing from the right side in certain situations. Further research, for example analyses of exposure data regarding the frequency of turning manoeuvers at T-junctions, is needed in order to explain the higher proportion of accidents between drivers turning right and cyclists crossing from the right side. PMID: 31951744 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - January 16, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Gohl I, Schneider A, Nitsch V Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Head injury metric response in finite element ATDs and a human body model in multidirectional loading regimes.
Conclusion: In conclusion, observed differences between the occupant models' head injury metric output were quantified. Loading direction had a large effect on metric outcome and metric comparability across models, with frontal and rear impacts with low vertical acceleration tending to be the most similar. One explanation for these differences could be the differences in neck stiffness between the models that allowed more rotation in the GHBMC and THOR. Care should be taken when using ATDs as human volunteer surrogates in these low energy events. PMID: 31951749 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - January 16, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Jones DA, Gaewsky JP, Somers JT, Gayzik FS, Weaver AA, Stitzel JD Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research