An educational intervention in road safety among children and teenagers in Mexico.
CONCLUSIONS: Since safe practices depend not only on children and youth, but also on the adults and social environment surrounding them, it is essential to engage parents, teachers and decision makers in RTI efforts. This will improve the establishment of commitments to impact social reality through consistent changes, and mobilize greater resources for creating more secure communities in matters of road safety. PMID: 27575522 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - August 30, 2016 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Treviño-Siller S, Pacheco-Magaña LE, Bonilla-Fernández P, Rueda-Neria C, Y Arenas-Monreal L Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Road trauma among young Australians: Implementing policy to reduce road deaths and serious injury.
CONCLUSIONS: Key elements of graduated licensing (peer passenger and night driving restrictions) along with vehicle safety interventions offer modest but practically significant reductions in road trauma for young Australians. State governments need to revise current legislation to ensure these reductions in road trauma can be realised. PMID: 27575668 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - August 30, 2016 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Walker C, Thompson J, Stevenson M Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Orthopedic injury in electric bicycle related collisions.
CONCLUSIONS: Orthopedic injuries from electric bicycle related accidents cause patients substantial suffering that could lead to serious social consequences. Helmet use and protective clothing or similar safety gear, especially for electric bicycle users, should be required to provide greater protection. PMID: 27575839 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - August 30, 2016 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Li X, Yun Z, Li X, Wang Y, Yang T, Zheng L, Qian J Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Cost-effectiveness of interventions to prevent road traffic injuries in low- and middle-income countries: A literature review.
CONCLUSIONS: Evidence of cost-effectiveness of interventions to prevent RTIs in LMICs is limited, particularly for children, young people and vulnerable road users. Evaluation of the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a larger number of possible road safety interventions in a variety of LMIC settings are warranted to generate the evidence base for effective traffic injury prevention programmes. PMID: 27575954 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - August 30, 2016 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Banstola A, Mytton J Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

How do Significant Others Influence Our Driving? A Descriptive Study of Ego-Alter Dyads in a College Population.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest a similarity exits in the driving patterns of young drivers and their significant others, especially concerning talking to each other on the phone while driving. The largest degree of overt social influence appears to center around avoidance of behaviors perceived to be associated with getting a traffic citation. Implications for safety campaign development and future research are presented. PMID: 27532806 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - August 17, 2016 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Beck K, Watters S Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Examining motorcyclists' post-crash impressions: A qualitative study.
CONCLUSIONS: Riders' post-crash impressions were formed by the opposing reactions of their family and peers to the crash experience (i.e. the index crash); the personality of riders, including being overconfident and a risk taker, familial obligations; feeling traumatized by the crash, and passage of time. These formed their perceptions, feelings, attitudes, and thoughts about the index crash. These findings are an important step in understanding how perception and attitudes of motorcyclists are shaped, and how these influence their future riding behavior. The needs for interventional studies to assess the effectiveness of...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - July 14, 2016 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Bazargan-Hejazi S, Zamani-Alavijeh F, Shahri P, Kheiriat M, Yazdani R, Shafiee A Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Safety Effectiveness and Crash Cost Benefit of Red Light Cameras in Missouri.
Conclusions The implementation of RLC reduced overall angle crashes by 11.6% while rear end crashes increased by 16.5%. The net economic crash cost-benefit of the implementation of RLC was $35,269 per site per year in 2001 dollars (approximately $47,000 in 2015 dollars). Thus RLC produced a sizable net positive safety benefit that is consistent with previous statistical studies. PMID: 27348043 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 27, 2016 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Claros B, Sun C, Edara P Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Driving Performance Comparing Older versus Younger Drivers.
Abstract OBJECTIVES: A cross sectional study was conducted at the Touro University California campus to compare differences in reaction times and driving performance of younger adult drivers (18-40 years) and older adult drivers (60 years and older). Each test group consisted of 38 participants. METHODS: A Simple Visual Reaction Test (SVRT) tool was used to measure reaction times. The STISIM Drive® M100 driving simulator was used to assess driving parameters. Driving performance parameters included mean lane position, standard deviation of mean lane position measured, mean speed, standard deviat...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 21, 2016 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Doroudgar S, Chuang HM, Perry PJ, Thomas K, Bohnert K, Canedo J Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Exploring the effects of state highway safety laws and socio-cultural characteristics on fatal crashes.
CONCLUSIONS: Through reviewing and modeling existing state highway safety laws and socio-cultural characteristics, the results reveal new insights that could influence policy making. In addition, the results would benefit amending existing laws and regulations and provide testimony about highway safety issues before lawmakers consider new legislation. PMID: 27326726 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 21, 2016 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Dong C, Nambisan SS, Clarke DB, Sun J Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Investigation of Powered-Two-Wheeler accident involvement in urban arterials by considering real-time traffic and weather data.
CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this study can contribute to the understanding of accident mechanism of PTWs and reduce accident risk of PTWs in urban arterials. PMID: 27326832 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 21, 2016 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Theofilatos A, Yannis G Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Injury Risks for On-Road Farm Equipment and Horse and Buggy Crashes in PA: 2010-2013.
CONCLUSIONS: The average crash rate for farm equipment was 198.4 crashes per 100,000 farm population and for horse and buggy the crash rate was calculated as 89.4 crashes per 100,000 Amish population per year. This study suggests that road safety and public health programs should focus not only on farm equipment operators and horse and buggy drivers but also for the other motorists sharing the roadway with them. PMID: 27327076 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 21, 2016 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Gorucu S, Murphy DJ, Kassab C Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Investigating the influence on safety of retrofitting Italian motorways with barriers meeting a new EU standard.
Abstract A new European Union (EU) regulation for safety barriers, which is based on performance, has encouraged road agencies to perform an upgrade of old barriers, with the expectation that there will be safety benefits at the retrofitted sites. The new class of barriers was designed and installed in compliance with the 1998 (European Norm) EN 1317 standards for road restraint systems, which lays down common requirements for the testing and certification of road restraint systems in all countries of the European Committee for Standardization (CEN). Both the older and new barriers are made of steel and are instal...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 21, 2016 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Cafiso S, D'Agostino C, Persaud B Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Transport Company Safety Climate - the impact on truck driver behaviour and crash involvement.
CONCLUSIONS: This research shows that safety climate may offer an important starting point for interventions aimed at reducing risky driving behaviour and through this, less vehicle collisions. PMID: 27327300 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 21, 2016 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Sullman MJ, Stephens AN, Pajo K Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Prevention of railway trespassing by automatic sound warning - a pilot study.
CONCLUSIONS: The current study concludes that automatic sound warning may be efficient and cost effective at locations where fencing is not a viable option. However, it is not likely to be a cost-effective panacea for all kinds of sites where trespassing occurs, especially in countries like Finland where trespassing is scattered along the railway network rather than concentrated to a limited number of sites. PMID: 27327449 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 21, 2016 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Kallberg VP, Silla A Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Impairment Due to Alcohol, Tetrahydrocannabinol and Benzodiazepines in Impaired Drivers Compared to Experimental Studies.
Conclusions Fewer test results indicated impairment in experimental studies compared to impaired drivers in real life when influenced by similar blood concentrations of either ethanol, or THC or benzodiazepines. In addition, a comparable relationship between drug concentration and impairment was seen for both experimental studies and real life cases. We believe the present study strengthens the background for using experimental studies to establish fixed concentration limits for drunk and drugged drivers, but experimental studies in an impaired driver population could further expand our knowledge. PMID: 27327554 [PubM...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 21, 2016 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Høiseth G, Berg-Hansen GO, Øiestad ÅM, Bachs L, Mørland J Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

An observational study of the safety benefits of electronic logging devices using carrier-collected data.
CONCLUSION: The results show a clear safety benefit, in terms of crash and HOS violation reductions, for trucks equipped with ELDs. PMID: 27322359 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 20, 2016 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Hickman JS, Guo F, Camden MC, Dunn NJ, Hanowski RJ Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Influence of Light Zones on Drivers' Visual Fixation Characteristics and Traffic Safety in Extra-long Tunnels.
CONCLUSIONS: It can be concluded that the special light zones can help relieve drivers' vision fatigues to some extent and further develop certain visual stimulus that can enhance drivers' attention. The study would provide a scientific basis for safety measurement implementation in extra-long tunnels. PMID: 27294892 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 13, 2016 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Yan Y, Wang X, Shi L, Liu H Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Direct Biomarkers as Tools to Detect and Monitor Alcohol and Substance Use in Repeat Intoxicated Drivers Using Novel Sample Matrices.
CONCLUSION: These findings demonstrate the benefits of more individualized interventions with repeat OWI offenders and calls for further development of multimodal approaches in traffic medicine including those that use evidence based practices to reduce recidivism. PMID: 27285956 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 10, 2016 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Bean P, Brown G, Hallinan P, Lewis D, Becerra S Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

The characteristics of young Indigenous drink drivers in Queensland, Australia.
CONCLUSIONS: There were limited differences between females and males, or recidivists and non-recidivists at first conviction. Convictions for drink driving may provide an opportunity for early alcohol intervention with Indigenous young drivers (
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 10, 2016 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Fitts MS, Palk GR, Lennon AJ, Clough AR Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Small Female Ribcage Fracture in Frontal Sled Tests.
CONCLUSIONS: The small, elderly test subjects sustained a higher number of ribcage fractures than expected in what was intended to be a minimally injurious frontal crash test condition. Neither field studies nor prior laboratory frontal sled tests conducted with 50(th) percentile male PMHS predicted the injury severity observed. Although this was a limited study, the results justify further exploration of the risk of ribcage injury for elderly small female occupants. PMID: 27260566 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 3, 2016 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Shaw G, Lessley D, Ash J, Poplin J, McMurry T, Sochor M, Crandall J Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

High-risk behaviors while driving: a population-based study from Iran.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: Injuries are becoming one of the most important challenges of the public health systems. As these injuries are mostly preventable, the aim of this study is to evaluate the four main high-risk behaviors while driving. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on a random sample from the population of Mashhad, Iran in 2014. A checklist and a previously validated questionnaire for transtheoretical stages of change model (TTM) were used for data collection. Statistical analyses were performed by SPSS 11.5 software considering p
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 3, 2016 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Khadem-Rezaiyan M, Moallem SR, Vakili V Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Using Alcohol Intoxication Goggles (Fatal Vision Goggles) to Detect Alcohol Related Impairment in Simulated Driving.
CONCLUSIONS: FVG may have some utility in replicating alcohol-related impairment on specific driving performance measurements. Hence, the equipment may offer an alternative approach to researching the impact of alcohol intoxication on simulated driving performance among populations where the provision of alcohol would otherwise be unethical (e.g. pre-licenced drivers). PMID: 27260944 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 3, 2016 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: McCartney D, Desbrow B, Irwin C Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Risk Drivers Pose to Themselves and Other Drivers by Violating Traffic Rules.
CONCLUSIONS: Often times, drivers perceive that violating traffic rules does not result in a crash or severe injury. However, the results from this study show that a majority of the traffic violations lead to severe injury to themselves as well as to other drivers. The findings from this study serve as documented evidence to educate drivers about the risk they pose to themselves and to other drivers by violating traffic rules and encourage the adaptation of safe driving behavior in order to contribute towards reaching the "zero traffic deaths" vision. They also help make policy changes pertaining to penalty point...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 3, 2016 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Penmetsa P, Pulugurtha SS Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Road traffic crashes among farm vehicle drivers in Southern China: a cross-sectional survey.
Conclusion Findings of this study suggest that farm vehicle-related road traffic crashes have become a burgeoning public health problem in China. Programs need to be developed to prevent farm vehicle-related road traffic crashes in this emerging country. PMID: 27257936 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 3, 2016 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Zhang X, Yang Y, Chen Y, Yao H, Wu M, Cui M, Li Y, Hu J, Zhang C, Li Z, Stallones L, Xiang H Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Pedestrian Road Crossing Behavior (PEROB): Development and psychometric evaluation.
CONCLUSIONS: This psychometric evaluation of a self-administered instrument resulted in a reliable and valid instrument to assess young adult pedestrians' self-reported road crossing attitudes and behaviors in Tehran. Further development of the instrument is needed to assess its applicability to other road users, particularly older pedestrians. PMID: 27258063 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 3, 2016 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Hashemiparast M, Montazeri A, Nedjat S, Negarandeh R, Sadeghi R, Garmaroudi G Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Traffic accidents and heavy episodic drinking among university students.
ira F PMID: 27258209 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 3, 2016 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Caamaño-Isorna F, Moure-Rodriguez L, Corral Varela M, Cadaveira F Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Motorists' knowledge, attitudes and practices towards alcohol-impaired driving/riding in Ghana.
CONCLUSION: The volumes of alcohol which motorists typically consume per their drinking occasions were very high and their estimates of the number of drinks required to reach the legal BAC limit was equally very high. Provision of authoritative information advising motorists about 'safe', 'responsible' or 'low risk' levels of alcohol consumption is imperative. Many traffic violations including drink-driving were reported thus suggesting a need for enhanced policing and enforcement. However, giving the low level of knowledge of the legal BAC limit, educating motorists about how many drinks that will approximate the legal BA...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 3, 2016 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Damsere-Derry J, Palk G, King M Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

An Observational Study of Child Safety Seat Use in an International Safe Community: Tehran, Iran.
CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of child safety seats use in Tehran as the most populous member of the international safe community was very low and most children commuted in insecure situations in the vehicle. Therefore it is proposed that plans should be made to increase the use of child safety seats in international safe communities. PMID: 27258595 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 3, 2016 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Moradi M, Khanjani N, Nabipour AR Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

The Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) and Texting While Driving Behavior in College Students.
CONCLUSION: The role of Attitude was found to be the strongest predictor of intention. In addition, intention was found to mediate the relationship of willingness to TWD on perceived behavioral control. These findings highlight potential factors that could be targeted in behavioral change interventions seeking to prevent TWD. PMID: 27088534 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - April 18, 2016 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Bazargan-Hejazi S, Teruya S, Pan D, Lin J, Gordon D, Krochalk PC, Bazargan M Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Identification Methods of Key Contributing Factors in Crashes with High Numbers of Fatalities and Injuries in China.
CONCLUSIONS: The current approach to SRTCs and PSRTCs is focused on the attribution of responsibility and the enforcement of regulations considered relevant to particular SRTCs and PSRTCs. It would be more effective to investigate contributing factors and characteristics of SRTCs and PSRTCs as a whole, to provide adequate information for safety interventions in regions where SRTCs and PSRTCs are more common. In addition to mandating of a driver training program and publicisation of the hazards associated with traffic violations, implementation of speed cameras, speed signs, markings and vehicle-mounted GPS are suggested to...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - April 18, 2016 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Chen Y, Li Y, King M, Shi Q, Wang C, Li P Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

The role of self-regulation in the context of driver distraction: A simulator study.
CONCLUSIONS: Overall, drivers in the self-regulation group were able to anticipate the demands of different traffic situations and to adapt their engagement in the secondary task, so that only small impairments in driving performance occurred. Because in real traffic drivers are mostly free to decide when to engage in secondary tasks, it can be concluded that self-regulation should be considered in driver distraction research to ensure ecological validity. PMID: 27082493 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - April 15, 2016 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Wandtner B, Schumacher M, Schmidt EA Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Examination of Factors Associated with Use Rates after Transition from a Universal to Partial Motorcycle Helmet Use Law.
CONCLUSIONS: The study results demonstrate the short-term reduction in helmet use following transition from a universal to partial motorcycle helmet law. The reduction in use is somewhat less pronounced than has been experienced in other states, which may be reflective of general differences among Michigan motorcyclists as the state has also generally exhibited higher use rates of seatbelts and other forms of occupant protection. The study results also highlight potential target areas for subsequent education and public awareness initiatives aimed at increasing helmet use. PMID: 27074388 [PubMed - as supplied by publi...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - April 13, 2016 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Russo BJ, Barrette TP, Morden J, Savolainen PT, Gates TJ Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Analysis of Risk Factors Affecting Driver Injury and Crash Injury with Drivers Under the Influence of Alcohol (DUI) and NON-DUI.
CONCLUSIONS: This study found that pedestrian involvement decreases the odds of severe driver injury when a driver is under the influence of alcohol, with a relative risk of 0.05 compared to the vehicle-to-vehicle group. The odds of severe driver injury at T-intersections were higher than those for traveling along straight roads. Age was shown to be an important factor, with drivers 50-60 years of age having higher odds of being involved in severe crashes compared to the group of 20-30-year old when the driver was under the influence of alcohol. When the driver was not under the influence of alcohol, drivers suffered ...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - April 11, 2016 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Chen H, Chen Q, Chen L, Zhang G Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

A Comparison of Contributing Effects on Two-Vehicle Alcohol Related Crashes between Impaired and Non-Impaired Operators.
Conclusions The researchers may disseminate the results to community groups such as Mothers against Drunk Driving and Safe Communities, to increase awareness of the dangers of drunk driving in an effort to reduce the number of alcohol related crashes. PMID: 27064592 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - April 11, 2016 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Maistros AR, Holik WA, Schneider Iv WH, Savolainen PE Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Who's Not Driving among U.S. High School Seniors: A Closer Look at Race/ethnicity, Socioeconomic Factors and Driving Status.
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that resources-both financial and time-influence when or if a teen will learn to drive. Many young people from minority or lower socioeconomic families who learn to drive may be doing so after their 18(th) birthday and, therefore, would not take advantage of the safety benefits provided by graduated driver licensing. Innovative approaches may be needed to improve safety for these young novice drivers. PMID: 27064697 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - April 11, 2016 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Shults RA, Banerjee T, Perry T Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Estimating Young Novice Drivers' Compliance with Graduated Driver Licensing Restrictions: A Novel Approach.
CONCLUSION: Studies can practically apply proposed methods to estimate population-level compliance with GDL passenger and night restrictions; examine how compliance varies by relevant driver, vehicle, and environmental factors; and evaluate the implementation of a GDL provision or other intervention aimed at increasing compliance with these restrictions. Important considerations and potential limitations and challenges are discussed. PMID: 27064815 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - April 11, 2016 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Curry AE Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

The characterization of drug and alcohol use among senior drivers fatally injured in U.S. motor vehicle collisions, 2008-2012.
CONCLUSIONS: While overall drug use is less common among FI senior drivers relative to FI middle-aged drivers, driving under the influence of drugs may be a relevant traffic safety concern in a portion of this population. PMID: 27027152 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 30, 2016 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Rudisill TM, Zhu M, Abate M, Davidov D, Delagarza V, Long DL, Sambamoorthi U, Thornton JD Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

A new method to assess the deformations of internal organs of the abdomen during impact.
CONCLUSIONS: These results illustrate the feasibility of the approach. Further tests and comparisons with simulations are under preparation. PMID: 27027332 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 30, 2016 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Helfenstein-Didier C, Rongiéras F, Gennisson JL, Tanter M, Beillas P Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Are There Higher Pedestrian Fatalities in Larger Cities? : A Scaling Analysis of 115 to 161 Largest Cities in the U.S.A.
CONCLUSIONS: The scaling patterns of traffic fatalities of subgroups of cities depend on population sizes of the cities in subgroups. Especially 9 mega cities with populations of more than 1 million are significantly different from the remaining cities and should be viewed as a totally separate group. Thus, the analysis on the patterns of traffic fatalities needs to be conducted within the group of mega cities separately from the other cities with smaller population sizes for devising prevention policies to reduce traffic fatalities of both group of mega cities and the other group of smaller cities. PMID: 27027479 [Pu...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 30, 2016 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Chang YS, Lee WJ, Lee JH Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Importance of Awareness in Improving Performance of Emergency Medical Services (EMS) Systems in Enhancing Traffic Safety: A Lesson from India.
The objective of this study is to understand the effectiveness of '108 services' from traffic safety perspective. METHOD: Questionnaire survey is conducted to understand the awareness of the EMS and their function. Using traffic related fatalities as the dependent variable, a fixed effect panel data model is developed to analyze the effectiveness of the '108 services' in improving the traffic safety. RESULTS: The results from the survey show that, in general, people are not aware of the '108 services.' Majority of proportion of the population prefer taking the victim to the hospital using their personal vehicles ...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 30, 2016 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Vasudevan V, Singh P, Basu S Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Prevalence of Drink-driving Among Adults in China: A Nationally Representative Survey in 2010.
Conclusion Drink-driving is prevalent among male drivers in China. Although large differences exist between China and the United States in the proportion of adults who drive, the proportion who consume alcohol, and some of the personal characteristics of those who drink and drive, similarities between the two countries are present in patterns of risk behaviours among drink-driving. To reduce injuries and deaths from drink-driving, effective interventions from Western cultures need to be tailored for adoption in China. PMID: 27028768 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 30, 2016 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Xiao D, Pengpeng Y, Yichong L, Leilei D, Limin W, Shults RA, Roehler DR, Yee SL Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Exploratory Field Trial Of Motorcycle Autonomous Emergency Braking (MAEB): Considerations On The Acceptability Of Unexpected Automatic Decelerations.
CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated the feasibility of a moderate automatic deceleration in a scenario of motorcycle travelling in a straight path, supporting the notion that the application of AEB on motorcycles is practicable. Furthermore, the proposed field trial can be used as a reference for future regulation or consumer tests in order to address safety and acceptability of unexpected automatic decelerations on a motorcycle. PMID: 27028899 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 30, 2016 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Savino G, Pierini M, Thompson J, Fitzharris M, Lenné MG Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Health burden of serious road injuries in the Netherlands.
CONCLUSION: Given their major impacts and contribution to health burden, road policy making should also be aimed at reducing the number of serious road injuries and limiting the resulting health impacts. PMID: 26979091 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 16, 2016 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Weijermars W, Bos N, Stipdonk H Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Sobriety checkpoint and open container laws in U.S.: Associations with reported drinking-driving.
CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that having a sobriety checkpoint law and conducting checkpoints as well as enforcement of open containers laws, may be effective strategies for addressing drinking-driving. PMID: 26983365 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 16, 2016 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Lenk KM, Nelson TF, Toomey TL, Jones-Webb R, Erickson DJ Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

The reaction times of drivers aged 20 to 80 during a divided attention driving.
CONCLUSIONS: The data clearly supported the claim that driving performance changes steadily across age groups: both mean reaction time and inter-individual variability progressively increases with age. In addition, a significant group of older drivers were identified who did not show the expected age-related decrease in performance. The findings have important implications, suggesting that in relation to driving, ageing is a progressive phenomenon and may lead to variety of driving performance; age-related studies of driving performance should put more emphasis on investigating changes across the whole driver age range rat...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 15, 2016 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Svetina M Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Analysing injury severity factors at highway railway grade crossing accidents involving vulnerable road users: a comparative study.
CONCLUSIONS: The Ordered Probit Model was the primary technique, and CART and Association Rules act as the supporter and identifier of interactions between variables. All of the three algorithms results, consistently show that the most influential accident factors such as the train speed, VRU age and gender. The findings of this research could be applied for identifying high-risk hotspots and developing cost-effective countermeasures targeting VRUs at HRGC. PMID: 26980425 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 15, 2016 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Ghomi H, Bagheri M, Fu L, Miranda-Moreno LF Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Can Progress in Reducing Alcohol-Impaired Driving Fatalities Be Resumed? Results of a Workshop Sponsored by the Transportation Research Board Alcohol, Other Drugs, and Transportation Committee (ANB50).
CONCLUSIONS: Each of these strategies is proven to be effective, yet all are substantially underutilized. Each is used in some jurisdictions in the United States or Canada, but none is used extensively. Any one of the three strategies implemented on a widespread basis would decrease impaired driving crashes, injuries, and fatalities. Based on the research, all three together would have a substantial impact on the problem. PMID: 26980557 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 15, 2016 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Fell JC, Beirness DJ, Voas RB, Smith GS, Jonah B, Maxwell JC, Price J, Hedlund J Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Exposure factors of Victoria's active motorcycle fleet related to serious injury crash risk.
CONCLUSIONS: A very low prevalence of motorcyclists combined with higher rates of larger time gaps around motorcycles (cf. other vehicles) may help explain their over-representation in injury crashes where another vehicle fails to give way. An increased risk of injury in the event of a crash exists for a small but greater proportion of motorcyclists (cf. other vehicles) who were exceeding the speed limit. An apparent shift towards older age of the active rider population may be reducing injury crash risk relative to exposure time. There is significant scope to improve the physical conspicuity of motorcyclists and the frequ...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 15, 2016 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Allen T, McClure R, Newstead ST, Lenné MG, Hillard P, Symmons M, Day L Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Madness of bipolar driver safety assessments.
PMID: 26950190 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 7, 2016 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: McDaniel W, Memon H, Katz E, Cristofano S, Ware JC Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Predictors of Health Care Provider Anticipatory Guidance Provision for Older Drivers.
CONCLUSION: HCP counseling provision related to driving issues differs by patient age and several HCP characteristics, including HCP rurality, age, and personal experience with motor vehicle crashes. Because aging results in physical and mental changes which affect driving, and which can be identified by HCPs, HCPs are in a position to counsel patients on the potential impacts of aging on the act of driving. Future research should examine the reasons for the differences in anticipatory guidance provision found in this study. PMID: 26940031 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 3, 2016 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Huseth-Zosel AL, Sanders G, O'Connor M Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research