Evaluation of the 30km/h speed limit trial in the City of Yarra, Melbourne, Australia
CONCLUSION: The findings give support for the likely safety benefits of the 30 km/h trial with increased support from the residents. Speed reductions in the control region suggested a carry-over of the effects of the trial but also added support by local residents for reduced speed limits in the region. Potential injury savings were estimated at a 4% reduction in the risk of a pedestrian injury from the observed treatment effect in the trial region.PMID:33849362 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1895990 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - April 14, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: B Lawrence B Fildes L Thompson J Cook S Newstead Source Type: research

Motorcycle helmet selection and usage for improved safety: A systematic review on the protective effects of helmet type and fastening
CONCLUSIONS: This systematic review provides important insights to improve the usage of helmets by end-users. Correct fastening is a crucial factor to avoid helmet roll-off during a crash. Most studies agreed that full-face helmets provide higher protection in comparison with other standard helmets, especially for facial injuries, and no negative influence with respect to neck and spinal injuries.PMID:33829931 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1894640 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - April 8, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Cosimo Lucci Simone Piantini Giovanni Savino Marco Pierini Source Type: research

Driver monitoring systems (DMS): The future of impaired driving management?
CONCLUSION: These devices have tangible potential application across all areas of transportation, including aviation, rail, and all commercial and private vehicle systems.PMID:33829941 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1899164 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - April 8, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Amie C Hayley Brook Shiferaw Blair Aitken Frederick Vinckenbosch Timothy L Brown Luke A Downey Source Type: research

Motorcycle helmet selection and usage for improved safety: A systematic review on the protective effects of helmet type and fastening
CONCLUSIONS: This systematic review provides important insights to improve the usage of helmets by end-users. Correct fastening is a crucial factor to avoid helmet roll-off during a crash. Most studies agreed that full-face helmets provide higher protection in comparison with other standard helmets, especially for facial injuries, and no negative influence with respect to neck and spinal injuries.PMID:33829931 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1894640 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - April 8, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Cosimo Lucci Simone Piantini Giovanni Savino Marco Pierini Source Type: research

Driver monitoring systems (DMS): The future of impaired driving management?
CONCLUSION: These devices have tangible potential application across all areas of transportation, including aviation, rail, and all commercial and private vehicle systems.PMID:33829941 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1899164 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - April 8, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Amie C Hayley Brook Shiferaw Blair Aitken Frederick Vinckenbosch Timothy L Brown Luke A Downey Source Type: research

Motorcycle helmet selection and usage for improved safety: A systematic review on the protective effects of helmet type and fastening
CONCLUSIONS: This systematic review provides important insights to improve the usage of helmets by end-users. Correct fastening is a crucial factor to avoid helmet roll-off during a crash. Most studies agreed that full-face helmets provide higher protection in comparison with other standard helmets, especially for facial injuries, and no negative influence with respect to neck and spinal injuries.PMID:33829931 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1894640 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - April 8, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Cosimo Lucci Simone Piantini Giovanni Savino Marco Pierini Source Type: research

Driver monitoring systems (DMS): The future of impaired driving management?
CONCLUSION: These devices have tangible potential application across all areas of transportation, including aviation, rail, and all commercial and private vehicle systems.PMID:33829941 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1899164 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - April 8, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Amie C Hayley Brook Shiferaw Blair Aitken Frederick Vinckenbosch Timothy L Brown Luke A Downey Source Type: research

Motorcycle helmet selection and usage for improved safety: A systematic review on the protective effects of helmet type and fastening
CONCLUSIONS: This systematic review provides important insights to improve the usage of helmets by end-users. Correct fastening is a crucial factor to avoid helmet roll-off during a crash. Most studies agreed that full-face helmets provide higher protection in comparison with other standard helmets, especially for facial injuries, and no negative influence with respect to neck and spinal injuries.PMID:33829931 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1894640 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - April 8, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Cosimo Lucci Simone Piantini Giovanni Savino Marco Pierini Source Type: research

Driver monitoring systems (DMS): The future of impaired driving management?
CONCLUSION: These devices have tangible potential application across all areas of transportation, including aviation, rail, and all commercial and private vehicle systems.PMID:33829941 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1899164 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - April 8, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Amie C Hayley Brook Shiferaw Blair Aitken Frederick Vinckenbosch Timothy L Brown Luke A Downey Source Type: research

Motorcycle helmet selection and usage for improved safety: A systematic review on the protective effects of helmet type and fastening
CONCLUSIONS: This systematic review provides important insights to improve the usage of helmets by end-users. Correct fastening is a crucial factor to avoid helmet roll-off during a crash. Most studies agreed that full-face helmets provide higher protection in comparison with other standard helmets, especially for facial injuries, and no negative influence with respect to neck and spinal injuries.PMID:33829931 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1894640 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - April 8, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Cosimo Lucci Simone Piantini Giovanni Savino Marco Pierini Source Type: research

Driver monitoring systems (DMS): The future of impaired driving management?
CONCLUSION: These devices have tangible potential application across all areas of transportation, including aviation, rail, and all commercial and private vehicle systems.PMID:33829941 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1899164 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - April 8, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Amie C Hayley Brook Shiferaw Blair Aitken Frederick Vinckenbosch Timothy L Brown Luke A Downey Source Type: research

Impact of adaptive cruise control (ACC) system on fatality and injury reduction in China
CONCLUSIONS: The result clearly shows that the ACC system can improve road traffic safety in China. Technical limitations have a great impact on ACC's safety benefits. Of all of the limiting factors, the turn-on rate provides the most room for improvement, and improving the suitability of the ACC system on curved and sloped roads provides the smallest effect.PMID:33819126 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1896715 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - April 5, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Hong Tan Fuquan Zhao Zongwei Liu Source Type: research

Impact of adaptive cruise control (ACC) system on fatality and injury reduction in China
CONCLUSIONS: The result clearly shows that the ACC system can improve road traffic safety in China. Technical limitations have a great impact on ACC's safety benefits. Of all of the limiting factors, the turn-on rate provides the most room for improvement, and improving the suitability of the ACC system on curved and sloped roads provides the smallest effect.PMID:33819126 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1896715 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - April 5, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Hong Tan Fuquan Zhao Zongwei Liu Source Type: research

Impact of adaptive cruise control (ACC) system on fatality and injury reduction in China
CONCLUSIONS: The result clearly shows that the ACC system can improve road traffic safety in China. Technical limitations have a great impact on ACC's safety benefits. Of all of the limiting factors, the turn-on rate provides the most room for improvement, and improving the suitability of the ACC system on curved and sloped roads provides the smallest effect.PMID:33819126 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1896715 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - April 5, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Hong Tan Fuquan Zhao Zongwei Liu Source Type: research

The association between vehicle rim type and risk of occupant injury
CONCLUSION: Alloy rims are more brittle and, as a result, destructive loading is realized with less severe impact. The critical failure increases the amount of loading that needs to be distributed by the restraint system and results in injury.PMID:33787405 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1894638 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 31, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Luke Gaylor Mirko Junge Source Type: research

The association between vehicle rim type and risk of occupant injury
CONCLUSION: Alloy rims are more brittle and, as a result, destructive loading is realized with less severe impact. The critical failure increases the amount of loading that needs to be distributed by the restraint system and results in injury.PMID:33787405 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1894638 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 31, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Luke Gaylor Mirko Junge Source Type: research

The association between vehicle rim type and risk of occupant injury
CONCLUSION: Alloy rims are more brittle and, as a result, destructive loading is realized with less severe impact. The critical failure increases the amount of loading that needs to be distributed by the restraint system and results in injury.PMID:33787405 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1894638 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 31, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Luke Gaylor Mirko Junge Source Type: research

The association between vehicle rim type and risk of occupant injury
CONCLUSION: Alloy rims are more brittle and, as a result, destructive loading is realized with less severe impact. The critical failure increases the amount of loading that needs to be distributed by the restraint system and results in injury.PMID:33787405 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1894638 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 31, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Luke Gaylor Mirko Junge Source Type: research

The association between vehicle rim type and risk of occupant injury
CONCLUSION: Alloy rims are more brittle and, as a result, destructive loading is realized with less severe impact. The critical failure increases the amount of loading that needs to be distributed by the restraint system and results in injury.PMID:33787405 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1894638 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 31, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Luke Gaylor Mirko Junge Source Type: research

Effectiveness of front crash prevention systems in reducing large truck real-world crash rates
Conclusions: FCW and AEB are effective countermeasures for crashes in which large trucks rear-end other vehicles. Large truck safety is expected to improve as new trucks are increasingly equipped with these systems. FCW has the advantage that some of these systems can be retrofitted to existing trucks, so benefits can be realized sooner and with less investment.PMID:33769151 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1893700 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 26, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Eric R Teoh Source Type: research

Injury crashes and the relationship with disease causing excessive daytime sleepiness
CONCLUSIONS: This study has made first steps toward understanding the relationship between some of the most common diseases that are known to contribute to EDS and crashes. Having Parkinson's/epilepsy, in particular, elevated the probability of a single-vehicle crash compared to a multiple-vehicle crash. A single-vehicle crash was seen as indicative of causing a crash; thus, having Parkinson's/epilepsy could be interpreted as a risk factor for crash involvement. Having Parkinson's/epilepsy, as well as other sleep disorders, was also related to more severe outcomes in multiple-vehicle crashes, given that a crash occurred. T...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 26, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Åsa Forsman Anna Anund Marie Skyving Ashleigh J Filtness Source Type: research

Effectiveness of front crash prevention systems in reducing large truck real-world crash rates
Conclusions: FCW and AEB are effective countermeasures for crashes in which large trucks rear-end other vehicles. Large truck safety is expected to improve as new trucks are increasingly equipped with these systems. FCW has the advantage that some of these systems can be retrofitted to existing trucks, so benefits can be realized sooner and with less investment.PMID:33769151 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1893700 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 26, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Eric R Teoh Source Type: research

Injury crashes and the relationship with disease causing excessive daytime sleepiness
CONCLUSIONS: This study has made first steps toward understanding the relationship between some of the most common diseases that are known to contribute to EDS and crashes. Having Parkinson's/epilepsy, in particular, elevated the probability of a single-vehicle crash compared to a multiple-vehicle crash. A single-vehicle crash was seen as indicative of causing a crash; thus, having Parkinson's/epilepsy could be interpreted as a risk factor for crash involvement. Having Parkinson's/epilepsy, as well as other sleep disorders, was also related to more severe outcomes in multiple-vehicle crashes, given that a crash occurred. T...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 26, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Åsa Forsman Anna Anund Marie Skyving Ashleigh J Filtness Source Type: research

Effectiveness of front crash prevention systems in reducing large truck real-world crash rates
Conclusions: FCW and AEB are effective countermeasures for crashes in which large trucks rear-end other vehicles. Large truck safety is expected to improve as new trucks are increasingly equipped with these systems. FCW has the advantage that some of these systems can be retrofitted to existing trucks, so benefits can be realized sooner and with less investment.PMID:33769151 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1893700 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 26, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Eric R Teoh Source Type: research

Injury crashes and the relationship with disease causing excessive daytime sleepiness
CONCLUSIONS: This study has made first steps toward understanding the relationship between some of the most common diseases that are known to contribute to EDS and crashes. Having Parkinson's/epilepsy, in particular, elevated the probability of a single-vehicle crash compared to a multiple-vehicle crash. A single-vehicle crash was seen as indicative of causing a crash; thus, having Parkinson's/epilepsy could be interpreted as a risk factor for crash involvement. Having Parkinson's/epilepsy, as well as other sleep disorders, was also related to more severe outcomes in multiple-vehicle crashes, given that a crash occurred. T...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 26, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Åsa Forsman Anna Anund Marie Skyving Ashleigh J Filtness Source Type: research

Effectiveness of front crash prevention systems in reducing large truck real-world crash rates
Conclusions: FCW and AEB are effective countermeasures for crashes in which large trucks rear-end other vehicles. Large truck safety is expected to improve as new trucks are increasingly equipped with these systems. FCW has the advantage that some of these systems can be retrofitted to existing trucks, so benefits can be realized sooner and with less investment.PMID:33769151 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1893700 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 26, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Eric R Teoh Source Type: research

Injury crashes and the relationship with disease causing excessive daytime sleepiness
CONCLUSIONS: This study has made first steps toward understanding the relationship between some of the most common diseases that are known to contribute to EDS and crashes. Having Parkinson's/epilepsy, in particular, elevated the probability of a single-vehicle crash compared to a multiple-vehicle crash. A single-vehicle crash was seen as indicative of causing a crash; thus, having Parkinson's/epilepsy could be interpreted as a risk factor for crash involvement. Having Parkinson's/epilepsy, as well as other sleep disorders, was also related to more severe outcomes in multiple-vehicle crashes, given that a crash occurred. T...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 26, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Åsa Forsman Anna Anund Marie Skyving Ashleigh J Filtness Source Type: research

Determinant contributing variables to severity levels of pedestrian crossed the road crashes in three cities in Indonesia
CONCLUSIONS: Each city has unique variables to determine the severity level. Therefore, treatments and countermeasures must be specific to each city based on study findings.PMID:33739216 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1872065 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 19, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Tri Tjahjono Bhidara Swantika Andyka Kusuma Robby Purnomo Grace Helen Tambun Source Type: research

Driver posture monitoring in highly automated vehicles using pressure measurement
CONCLUSIONS: Pressure measurement could be a good alternative or complementary to camera based driver postural monitoring system. Results show that all classifiers proposed in the work could predict the trunk position for standard driving. With help of an initial posture, Random Forest classifier with relative pressure features could classify trunk positions with high accuracy. However, further effort is needed to improve the accuracy of feet position prediction especially by adding more foot related task data.PMID:33739223 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1892087 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 19, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Mingming Zhao Georges Beurier Hongyan Wang Xuguang Wang Source Type: research

Determinant contributing variables to severity levels of pedestrian crossed the road crashes in three cities in Indonesia
CONCLUSIONS: Each city has unique variables to determine the severity level. Therefore, treatments and countermeasures must be specific to each city based on study findings.PMID:33739216 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1872065 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 19, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Tri Tjahjono Bhidara Swantika Andyka Kusuma Robby Purnomo Grace Helen Tambun Source Type: research

Driver posture monitoring in highly automated vehicles using pressure measurement
CONCLUSIONS: Pressure measurement could be a good alternative or complementary to camera based driver postural monitoring system. Results show that all classifiers proposed in the work could predict the trunk position for standard driving. With help of an initial posture, Random Forest classifier with relative pressure features could classify trunk positions with high accuracy. However, further effort is needed to improve the accuracy of feet position prediction especially by adding more foot related task data.PMID:33739223 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1892087 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 19, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Mingming Zhao Georges Beurier Hongyan Wang Xuguang Wang Source Type: research

Determinant contributing variables to severity levels of pedestrian crossed the road crashes in three cities in Indonesia
CONCLUSIONS: Each city has unique variables to determine the severity level. Therefore, treatments and countermeasures must be specific to each city based on study findings.PMID:33739216 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1872065 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 19, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Tri Tjahjono Bhidara Swantika Andyka Kusuma Robby Purnomo Grace Helen Tambun Source Type: research

Driver posture monitoring in highly automated vehicles using pressure measurement
CONCLUSIONS: Pressure measurement could be a good alternative or complementary to camera based driver postural monitoring system. Results show that all classifiers proposed in the work could predict the trunk position for standard driving. With help of an initial posture, Random Forest classifier with relative pressure features could classify trunk positions with high accuracy. However, further effort is needed to improve the accuracy of feet position prediction especially by adding more foot related task data.PMID:33739223 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1892087 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 19, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Mingming Zhao Georges Beurier Hongyan Wang Xuguang Wang Source Type: research

Determinant contributing variables to severity levels of pedestrian crossed the road crashes in three cities in Indonesia
CONCLUSIONS: Each city has unique variables to determine the severity level. Therefore, treatments and countermeasures must be specific to each city based on study findings.PMID:33739216 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1872065 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 19, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Tri Tjahjono Bhidara Swantika Andyka Kusuma Robby Purnomo Grace Helen Tambun Source Type: research

Driver posture monitoring in highly automated vehicles using pressure measurement
CONCLUSIONS: Pressure measurement could be a good alternative or complementary to camera based driver postural monitoring system. Results show that all classifiers proposed in the work could predict the trunk position for standard driving. With help of an initial posture, Random Forest classifier with relative pressure features could classify trunk positions with high accuracy. However, further effort is needed to improve the accuracy of feet position prediction especially by adding more foot related task data.PMID:33739223 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1892087 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 19, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Mingming Zhao Georges Beurier Hongyan Wang Xuguang Wang Source Type: research

Determinant contributing variables to severity levels of pedestrian crossed the road crashes in three cities in Indonesia
CONCLUSIONS: Each city has unique variables to determine the severity level. Therefore, treatments and countermeasures must be specific to each city based on study findings.PMID:33739216 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1872065 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 19, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Tri Tjahjono Bhidara Swantika Andyka Kusuma Robby Purnomo Grace Helen Tambun Source Type: research

Driver posture monitoring in highly automated vehicles using pressure measurement
CONCLUSIONS: Pressure measurement could be a good alternative or complementary to camera based driver postural monitoring system. Results show that all classifiers proposed in the work could predict the trunk position for standard driving. With help of an initial posture, Random Forest classifier with relative pressure features could classify trunk positions with high accuracy. However, further effort is needed to improve the accuracy of feet position prediction especially by adding more foot related task data.PMID:33739223 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1892087 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 19, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Mingming Zhao Georges Beurier Hongyan Wang Xuguang Wang Source Type: research

Determinant contributing variables to severity levels of pedestrian crossed the road crashes in three cities in Indonesia
CONCLUSIONS: Each city has unique variables to determine the severity level. Therefore, treatments and countermeasures must be specific to each city based on study findings.PMID:33739216 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1872065 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 19, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Tri Tjahjono Bhidara Swantika Andyka Kusuma Robby Purnomo Grace Helen Tambun Source Type: research

Driver posture monitoring in highly automated vehicles using pressure measurement
CONCLUSIONS: Pressure measurement could be a good alternative or complementary to camera based driver postural monitoring system. Results show that all classifiers proposed in the work could predict the trunk position for standard driving. With help of an initial posture, Random Forest classifier with relative pressure features could classify trunk positions with high accuracy. However, further effort is needed to improve the accuracy of feet position prediction especially by adding more foot related task data.PMID:33739223 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1892087 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 19, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Mingming Zhao Georges Beurier Hongyan Wang Xuguang Wang Source Type: research

Human error in motorcycle crashes: A methodology based on in-depth data to identify the skills needed and support training interventions for safe riding
CONCLUSIONS: The results contribute to understand the motorcyclists' responses in high-risk crash scenarios. The findings underline the need to group accident cases, beyond the usual single-vehicle versus multi-vehicle collision approach. The different interactions with other road users should be considered to identify the competencies of the motorcyclists needed to reduce crash risks. Our methodology can be applied to increase the motorcyclists' safety by supporting preventive actions based on riders' training and eventually ADAS design.PMID:33729056 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1896714 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 17, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Pedro Huertas-Leyva Niccol ò Baldanzini Giovanni Savino Marco Pierini Source Type: research

Human error in motorcycle crashes: A methodology based on in-depth data to identify the skills needed and support training interventions for safe riding
CONCLUSIONS: The results contribute to understand the motorcyclists' responses in high-risk crash scenarios. The findings underline the need to group accident cases, beyond the usual single-vehicle versus multi-vehicle collision approach. The different interactions with other road users should be considered to identify the competencies of the motorcyclists needed to reduce crash risks. Our methodology can be applied to increase the motorcyclists' safety by supporting preventive actions based on riders' training and eventually ADAS design.PMID:33729056 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1896714 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 17, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Pedro Huertas-Leyva Niccol ò Baldanzini Giovanni Savino Marco Pierini Source Type: research

Human error in motorcycle crashes: A methodology based on in-depth data to identify the skills needed and support training interventions for safe riding
CONCLUSIONS: The results contribute to understand the motorcyclists' responses in high-risk crash scenarios. The findings underline the need to group accident cases, beyond the usual single-vehicle versus multi-vehicle collision approach. The different interactions with other road users should be considered to identify the competencies of the motorcyclists needed to reduce crash risks. Our methodology can be applied to increase the motorcyclists' safety by supporting preventive actions based on riders' training and eventually ADAS design.PMID:33729056 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1896714 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 17, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Pedro Huertas-Leyva Niccol ò Baldanzini Giovanni Savino Marco Pierini Source Type: research

Alcohol and drug use among road users involved in fatal crashes in Norway
CONCLUSIONS: Impairment due to use of alcohol or drugs was often a contributing factor among bicyclists, pedestrians and motor vehicle drivers who died in RTCs. Driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs was more often a contributing factor in cases where the motor vehicle driver was killed than in cases where the driver survived.PMID:33724110 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1887854 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 16, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Live Tanum Pasnin Hallvard Gjerde Source Type: research

Crash rates of convertible cars
CONCLUSIONS: Safety concerns associated with convertibles' retractable roof structures were not supported by the results of this study.PMID:33709841 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1888084 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 12, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Eric R Teoh Source Type: research

Injury risk curves in far-side lateral motor vehicle crashes by AIS level, body region and injury code
The objective of this study was to develop injury risk curves as a function of change in vehicle velocity for occupants in far-side lateral motor vehicle crashes (MVCs) by AIS level, body region, and specific AIS codes that commonly occur in this crash mode.METHODS: The National Automotive Sampling System-Crashworthiness Data System (NASS-CDS) years 2000-2015 database was queried, resulting in 4,495 non-weighted far-side crashes. For each case, occupant age, sex, and the following metadata were collected: vehicle model year, vehicle body type, lateral delta-v, normalized PDOF, multiple impacts, belt use, seat position, obj...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 12, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Zachary S Hostetler Fang-Chi Hsu Ryan Barnard Derek A Jones Matthew L Davis Ashley A Weaver F Scott Gayzik Source Type: research

Field testing the applicability of motorcycle autonomous emergency braking (MAEB) during pre-crash avoidance maneuver
CONCLUSIONS: MAEB interventions with decelerations up to 0.3 g can be easily managed by motorcycle riders not only in straight-line conditions but also during an avoidance maneuver. Further investigations using higher deceleration values are now possible.PMID:33709844 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1884235 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 12, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Cosimo Lucci Niccol ò Baldanzini Giovanni Savino Source Type: research

An overview of tram tracks related cycling injuries in Ghent, Belgium
Traffic Inj Prev. 2021 Mar 12:1-9. doi: 10.1080/15389588.2021.1888941. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVE: There is a paucity of data on the incidence and severity of tram tracks related cycling injuries. The aim of this study is to get insight into the incidence, severity and characteristics of tram tracks related cycling injuries, potentially defining significant 'hotspots' in the Ghent city area.METHODS: A one-year, multicenter, prospective, observational study was conducted. Patients presenting to the emergency departments of all 4 Ghent hospitals with tram tracks related cycling injury, were included. Data on pat...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 12, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: P Leune E Steen P De Paepe C Lyphout Source Type: research

Drug use and pattern of injuries sustained by drivers involved in road traffic crashes
CONCLUSIONS: Substance use, especially methadone, has undoubtedly a significant role in both road traffic crashes and resulted injuries. The high rate of injuries on drivers influenced by methadone in traffic crashes needs to be screened and prevented. It is recommended to not only authoritatively deal with the excessive supply of methadone in the community but also restricting the driving of people receiving methadone treatment.PMID:33709853 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1889528 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 12, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Parisa Divsalar Mehrnoosh Mohammadi Kouros Divsalar Source Type: research

Analysis of drink-driving behavior: Considering the subjective and objective factors of drivers
CONCLUSIONS: A more nuanced understanding of the influence of drivers to drink-driving behavior can be found in these results. These results about the influence mechanism of subjective and objective factors on drink-driving behavior of this study have implications for governments and other interested bodies for better targeting and delivery of public education campaigns and interventions.PMID:33709857 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1873301 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 12, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Jin Jie-Ling Deng Yuan-Chang Source Type: research

Restraint systems considering occupant diversity and pre-crash posture
CONCLUSIONS: This study investigated the effects of occupant size and shape variability, posture, and restraint design on injury risk for high-speed frontal crashes. More forward initial postures due to active safety features may decrease head, neck, and lower extremity injury risk, but may also increase chest injury risk. Safety concerns observed for large occupants include head strike-through and a conflict between head and chest injuries. Obese occupants had higher knee-thigh-hip injury risk. New restraints that adapt to occupant size and body shape may improve crash safety for all occupants. Further investigation is ne...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 12, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Kyle Boyle Abeselom Fanta Matthew P Reed Kurt Fischer Alex Smith Angelo Adler Jingwen Hu Source Type: research