Evaluation of alternative intersection treatments at rural crossroads using simulation software.
DISCUSSION: The findings have implications for understanding the role of speed in crashes and hence the design of effective countermeasures. Simulation software, validated using real-world data, provides a cost-effective means of evaluating alternative intersection treatments for rural intersections. Scaled up, implementing these treatments would have significant safety benefits and reduce the road trauma currently associated with rural roads. PMID: 30557079 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - December 17, 2018 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Peiris S, Corben B, Nieuwesteeg M, Gabler HC, Morris A, Bowman D, Lenné MG, Fitzharris M Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Chest injuries of elderly postmortem human surrogates (PMHSs) under seat belt and airbag loading in frontal sled impacts: Comparison to matching THOR tests.
CONCLUSIONS: The predicted risk of rib fractures provided by the THOR dummy using the Cmax and PC Score injury criteria were lower than the actual injuries observed in the PMHS tests (especially in restraint condition A). However, the THOR dummy was capable of discriminating between the 2 restraint scenarios. Similar results were obtained in the parametric study with the THUMS model. PMID: 30543304 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - December 13, 2018 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Lopez-Valdes FJ, Mroz K, Eggers A, Pipkorn B, Muehlbauer J, Schick S, Peldschus S Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Evaluation of Hybrid III and THOR-M neck kinetics and injury risk under various restraint conditions during full-scale frontal sled tests.
CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study showed that the HIII and THOR-M had different neck kinetics for these restraint conditions. In particular, the THOR-M experienced lower upper neck shear forces and bending moments. These differences are likely due to the very different neck designs of the anthropomorphic test dummies (ATDs), particularly the increased compliance of the THOR-M neck. Despite these differences, both ATDs still predicted a similar risk of AIS 3+ neck injury. PMID: 30543308 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - December 13, 2018 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Albert DL, Beeman SM, Kemper AR Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Passenger head kinematics in abrupt braking and lane change events.
CONCLUSIONS: The data demonstrate that a relatively large range of head positions can be expected to result from abrupt vehicle maneuvers. The data do not support simple scaling of excursions based on body size. PMID: 30543309 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - December 13, 2018 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Reed MP, Ebert SM, Jones MLH, Daniel Park BK, Hallman JJ, Sherony R Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Field effectiveness evaluation of advanced driver assistance systems.
CONCLUSION: This robust cohort study contributes to the growing evidence on the effectiveness of ADAS technologies. PMID: 30543454 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - December 13, 2018 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Spicer R, Vahabaghaie A, Bahouth G, Drees L, Martinez von Bülow R, Baur P Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Evolution of the Abbreviated Injury Scale: 1990-2015.
CONCLUSIONS: Each updated version of AIS reflects improving medical care and new advances in understanding, measuring, and documenting injury. AIS changes over time reflect its international and cross-domain utilization for describing injury severity and set the standard for how the world now studies traumatic injury. PMID: 30543458 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - December 13, 2018 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Loftis KL, Price J, Gillich PJ Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Nationwide risk factors for hospital readmission for subsequent injury after motor vehicle crashes.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: Some drivers involved in motor vehicle crashes across the United States may be identified as at risk of subsequent injury by a similar mechanism. The purpose of this study was to perform a national review of the risk factors for hospitalization for a new injury due to a subsequent motor vehicle crash. It was hypothesized that presenting to a different hospital after subsequent injury would result in worse patient outcomes when compared to presentation at the same hospital. METHODS: The Nationwide Readmissions Database for 2010-2014 was queried for all inpatient hospitalizations with injury...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - December 13, 2018 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Parreco J, Eidelson SA, Revell S, Zakrison TL, Schulman CI, Rattan R Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

The ability of the ICD-AIS map to identify seriously injured patients in road traffic accidents-A study from Finland.
CONCLUSIONS: For this sample of simplified ICD-10-FM codes, the ICD-AIS map underestimated the number of seriously injured patients. The mapping result could be improved if at least open and closed fractures of extremities and visceral contusions and ruptures had separate codes. In addition, there were a few injury codes that should be considered for inclusion in the map. PMID: 30543466 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - December 13, 2018 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Airaksinen N, Nurmi-Lüthje I, Kröger H, Lüthje P Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Development of injury risk models to guide CT evaluation in the emergency department after motor vehicle collisions.
The objective of this study was to (1) create risk models for internal injuries of occupants involved in MVCs based on CT body regions (head, neck, chest, abdomen/pelvis, cervical spine, thoracic spine, and lumbar spine) and (2) evaluate the performance of these risk prediction models to predict internal injury. METHODS: All Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) 2008 injury codes were classified based on which CT body region would be necessary to scan in order to make the diagnosis. Cases were identified from the NASS-CDS. The NASS-CDS data set was queried for cases of adult occupants who sought medical care and for which ke...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - December 13, 2018 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Hartka T, Glass G, Kao C, McMurry T Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Microscopic evaluation of traffic safety at signal coordinated intersections: A before-after study.
CONCLUSION: Signal coordination poses safety concerns in addition to its operational benefits for intersections. PMID: 30543476 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - December 13, 2018 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Zhang G, Fan W, Meng T, Jiang X, Chen G Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Speed and reaction behavior in different highway landscapes: A driving simulator study.
CONCLUSIONS: The driver's perceived ability was significantly affected by the highway landscape, and optimization of the highway landscape environment is necessary to promote transportation efficiency and improve the traffic safety situation. PMID: 30543485 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - December 13, 2018 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Zheng H, Qin Y, Guo F, Xiong J, Xu B, Chen Y Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Near-miss crashes and other predictors of motorcycle crashes: Findings from a population-based survey.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings provide important population-level information and insights about risk exposure for motorcyclists. Taking a more tailored approach to data collection meant that factors associated with crash involvement were identified that are not commonly observed in studies relying on administrative data. In particular, the study highlights the importance of near-crash experiences as warnings to riders and the need to use such experiences as learning opportunities to improve their riding style and safety. PMID: 30540505 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - December 12, 2018 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Rome L, Brown J, Baldock M, Fitzharris M Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Three-dimensional kinematic corridors of the head, spine, and pelvis for small female driver seat occupants in near- and far-side oblique frontal impacts.
CONCLUSIONS: In general, average peak excursions were greater in the far-side configuration than in the near-side configuration. Peak excursion results compared well with similar tests conducted on male postmortem human subjects (PMHS). The kinematic corridors developed in the current study serve as a set of biofidelity corridors for the development of current and future physical and computational surrogates. PMID: 30517033 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - December 5, 2018 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Humm JR, Yoganandan N, Driesslein KG, Pintar FA Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Remittance or persistence of attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and its impact on recidivism in risky driving behaviors.
CONCLUSION: These results suggest that the underlying core deficits of ADHD-attention and other executive disabilities-persist despite the fact that some people no longer reach the threshold for clinical diagnosis. PMID: 30485128 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - November 28, 2018 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Valero S, Bosch R, Corominas M, Barrau V, Ramos-Quiroga JA, Casas M Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Loaded dice: A game theory analysis of drunk driving laws in Brazil.
CONCLUSION: The authors have also calculated that the fine for refusing should be around 2.5 times higher so that the economic equilibrium would shift toward encouraging drivers to take the test. This should also be accompanied by other incentives to promote safe behavior while driving. PMID: 30481070 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - November 27, 2018 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: de Carvalho Ponce J, de Carvalho Ponce Kawauti M, Andreuccetti G, Barbosa de Carvalho H Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Effects of texting on accident risk during a sudden hazardous event: Analysis of predetection and postdetection phases.
CONCLUSIONS: The results provide statistical evidence that increased speed is expressed as increased risk-taking behavior among young drivers, which subsequently is the main reason for their higher accident risk during texting tasks. Moreover, the results confirm that professional drivers are not able to mitigate the increased accident risk associated with texting tasks due to late detection of the event during the tasks. PMID: 30452295 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - November 19, 2018 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Choudhary P, Velaga NR Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Effects of chronic marijuana use on driving performance.
CONCLUSION: Chronic marijuana users had slower reaction times, deviated less in speed, and had difficulty matching a lead vehicle's speed compared to nonusers. The effects on SDS and modulus were present at cutoffs of 2 and 5 ng/mL. PMID: 30411981 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - November 9, 2018 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Doroudgar S, Mae Chuang H, Bohnert K, Canedo J, Burrowes S, Perry PJ Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Age modifies the association between driver's body mass index and death following motor vehicle crashes.
CONCLUSION: The relationship between BMI and fatality risk needs to be considered by policymakers, public health officials, and vehicle manufacturers to ensure that vehicles are safe for all occupants regardless of their weight, size, or shape. PMID: 30407080 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - November 8, 2018 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Dubois S, Mushquash AR, Weaver B, Bédard M Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Performance-based visual field testing for drivers with glaucoma: A pilot study.
CONCLUSIONS: We established the construct validity and test-retest reliability of the performance-based VF test. Future studies should include a larger sample with more severe driving difficulties to demonstrate the concurrent validity between performance-based VF testing and on-road driving performance in glaucoma. PMID: 30407083 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - November 8, 2018 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Devos H, Ranchet M, Bollinger K, Conn A, Akinwuntan AE Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

A comparative analysis of MAIDS and ISO13232 databases for the identification of the most representative impact scenarios for powered 2-wheelers in Europe.
CONCLUSION: A new set of 7 accident configurations was defined by applying the ISO13232 procedure to the MAIDS data and ranking the results with a newly proposed method. The final set had only one configuration in common with those defined in the ISO13232, testifying to the importance of defining an updated and more representative set of configurations for the European context. PMID: 30376370 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - October 30, 2018 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Grassi A, Baldanzini N, Barbani D, Pierini M Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Prevalence rate of helmet use among motorcycle riders in Kumasi, Ghana.
CONCLUSION: The findings highlight the need for policymakers to set up policy guidelines to enforce compliance with helmet use. For instance, any effort seeking to increase helmet use may first have to deal with helmet ownership, which also relates to the cost of helmet. In addition, helmet producers should conform to high quality standards in order to avoid discomfort while wearing a helmet. PMID: 30376400 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - October 30, 2018 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Nimako Aidoo E, Bawa S, Amoako-Yirenkyi C Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Advanced driver assistance systems for teen drivers: A national survey of teen and parent perceptions.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: Recently developed advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS) have the potential to compensate for teen driving errors and reduce overall crash risk. To date, very limited research has been conducted on the suitability of ADAS for teen drivers-the population most likely to benefit from such systems. The opportunity for ADAS to reduce the frequency and severity of crashes involving teen drivers is hindered when there is a lack of trust, acceptance, and use of those technologies. Therefore, there is a need to study teen and parent perceptions of ADAS to help identify and overcome any potential bar...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - October 18, 2018 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Hannan C, Palumbo AJ, Fisher Thiel MC, Weiss E, Seacrist T Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Fatal cyclist crashes in Australia.
CONCLUSIONS: The findings provide insight into key contributing factors and injury characteristics of fatal cyclist crashes in Australia and can inform and guide the development of effective infrastructure designs and strategies to reduce cyclist trauma. PMID: 30335520 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - October 18, 2018 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: O'Hern S, Oxley J Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Altered driving performance of symptomatic Huntington's disease gene carriers in simulated road conditions.
CONCLUSIONS: Manifest HD drive more cautious in a driving simulator when speed limits increase compared to premanifest HD and controls and they have less vehicle control on the motorway. The driving simulator parameters are able to discriminate between manifest HD and healthy individuals, so a driving simulator seems a feasible tool to use when investigating changes in driving in manifest HD. PMID: 30273496 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - October 1, 2018 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Jacobs M, Hart EP, Miranda YM, Groeneveld GJ, van Gerven JMA, Roos RAC Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Field data analysis of recreational off-highway vehicle crashes.
CONCLUSIONS: Serious ROHV crashes have grown with sales. Resulting injuries appear to be strongly influenced by inconsistent seat belt use, frequent drunk driving, and increased propensity for the vehicles to roll over. PMID: 30260233 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - September 27, 2018 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Richardson RE, McMurry TL, Gepner B, Kerrigan JR Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Corrigendum.
Authors: PMID: 30234388 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - September 20, 2018 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Substance Abuse at Early Age as a Potential Risk Factor for Driving under the Influence of Substance in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia: A Cross-Sectional Study.
CONCLUSIONS: Our study showed that among individuals hospitalized due to substance abuse problems, driving under the influence of drugs and alcohol was common. Preventive measures to reduce driving under the influence should be introduced in addiction to specialized hospitals. Further research is required to investigate the factors associated with driving under the influence of abused substances in Saudi Arabia. PMID: 30040504 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - July 24, 2018 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Almarhabi Y, Mufti AI, Almaymuni AD, Abdurahman T, Abdulaziz G, Alghamdi AA, Mukhtar AM Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Driving under the influence of drugs: prevalence in road traffic accidents in Italy and considerations on "per se" limits legislation.
CONCLUSIONS: The implementation of high analytical limits or of per se limits based on impairing concentrations in the Italian legislation could result in the persecution of a much lower number of drugged drivers involved in RTA, with a decrease from 25% to more than 80% depending on the limits. PMID: 30024768 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - July 19, 2018 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Favretto D, Visentin S, Stocchero G, Vogliardi S, Snenghi R, Montisci M Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Computational Modeling and Analysis of Thoracolumbar Spine Fractures in Frontal Crash Reconstruction.
CONCLUSIONS: This study provided a computational framework for assessing thoracolumbar fractures, and also quantified the effect of pre-crash driver posture on thoracolumbar response. Results aid in the evaluation of motor vehicle crash-induced vertebral fractures and the understanding of factors contributing to fracture risk. PMID: 30010420 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - July 16, 2018 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Ye X, Gaewsky JP, Jones DA, Miller LE, Stitzel JD, Weaver AA Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Effects of Washington state's alcohol ignition interlock laws on DUI recidivism: an update.
CONCLUSIONS: In Washington, rates of interlock installations increased as interlock laws were strengthened, and the increase was associated with reductions in recidivism among first DUI offenders. Washington's experience suggests that states can reduce DUI recidivism by requiring interlock orders for all offenders, allowing offenders to install interlocks in lieu of an administrative driver's license suspension, and closing statutory loopholes that allow plea reductions to convictions without interlock orders. PMID: 30010421 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - July 16, 2018 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: McCartt AT, Leaf WA, Farmer CM Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

The Prevalence and correlates of texting while driving among a Population-Based Sample of Ontario Students.
CONCLUSIONS: This research demonstrates that TWD is an extremely common behavior among licensed student drivers in Ontario, particularly among those who have passed the first stage of graduated licensing. TWD is associated with other risky driving behaviors and outcomes, and the findings from this study underscore the need to better understand the harms associated with this behavior. PMID: 30010424 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - July 16, 2018 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Cook S, Boak A, Hamilton HA, Mann RE, Manson HE, Wickens CM Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Forward Collision Warning System Impact.
CONCLUSIONS: NHTSA and the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) proposed the Automatic Emergency Braking Initiative in 2015, which is intended to make AEB (also called crash imminent braking) with FCW systems standard on nearly all new cars by September 2022. Twenty automakers representing 99% of the U.S. auto market voluntarily committed to the initiative. While the commitment to safety is laudable, the AEB component of the agreement only covers low-speed AEB systems, with the test requirements set to 24 mph or optionally as low as 12 mph. The test requirements for the FCW component of the agreement...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - July 12, 2018 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Hubele N, Kennedy K Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Effectiveness of wearing a bicycle helmet for impacts against the front of a vehicle and the road surface.
CONCLUSIONS: Wearing a helmet reduces skull fracture risk when the frontal and lateral parts of the helmet impact vehicle parts (excluding the hood) at 35 km/h and the road surface at 20 km/h. However, when the lateral part of the helmet impacts the B-pillar, the helmet cannot effectively reduce the skull fracture risk at these real-world velocities. PMID: 30001152 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - July 12, 2018 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Matsui Y, Oikawa S, Hosokawa N Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Comparing Fracture Patterns of Younger versus Older Riders Involved in Non-Fatal Motorcycle Accidents.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: The motorcyclist demographic is shifting to a larger proportion of riders over the age of 40. We sought to identify differences in orthopedic injury distribution and severity between three age cohorts, and identify independent factors that contribute to fractures following a motorcycle collision (MCC). METHODS: A trauma registry at a Level I trauma center was queried for motorcycle-related orthopedic injuries between January 1, 2008 and December 31, 2014. Subjects were stratified into three age groups, young (
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - July 9, 2018 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Ashie A, Wilhelm A, Carney D, DiPasquale T, Bush C Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

An Analysis of the Characteristics of Road Traffic Injuries and a Prediction of Fatalities in China from 1996 to 2015.
CONCLUSIONS: Although the burden of RTIs in China has declined, the burden of RTIs is still heavy. Hence, RTIs remain a universal problem of great public health concern in China, and we need to work hard to reduce them. PMID: 29969283 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - July 3, 2018 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Wang L, Yu C, Zhang Y, Luo L, Zhang G Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Head postures during naturalistic driving.
The objective of this study was to quantify the amplitude and duration of rotated head postures observed in drivers during naturalistic driving. METHODS: Twenty volunteers (14 males: 36 ± 12 years, 6 females: 27 ± 5 years) drove a 2010 Subaru Impreza on public roads while their 3D head angular position relative to the car was recorded using inertial measurement units. An experimenter rode in the passenger seat (right side) and logged when subjects performed one of six head movements: bilateral shoulder and side mirror checks, looking at the rear-view mirror and looking at the front seat passenger. Video ...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 26, 2018 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Fice JB, Blouin JS, Siegmund GP Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Methods for investigating crash risk: Comparing case control with responsibility analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that when researchers are faced with finance or time constraints that make case-control studies infeasible, responsibility analysis should be considered a viable alternate methodological approach. PMID: 29939772 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 25, 2018 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Voas RB, Yao J, Scherer M, Romano E, Lacey J Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Crash severity along rural mountainous highways in Malaysia: An application of a combined decision tree and logistic regression model.
CONCLUSION: In addition to unobserved heterogeneity, it is important to account for higher order interactions to have a better understanding of factors that influence crash severity. A proper understanding of these factors will help developing targeted countermeasures to improve road safety along rural mountainous highways. PMID: 29932734 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 22, 2018 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Rusli R, Haque M, Saifuzzaman M, King M Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

School safe driving climate: Theoretical and practical considerations for promoting teen driver safety in school settings.
CONCLUSIONS: Safe driving climate may be an important, modifiable, and measurable aspect of school climate. Additional research is needed to refine the assessment tool and to use it in longitudinal and experimental studies. PMID: 29927619 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 21, 2018 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Mirman JH, Roche B, Higgins-D'Alessandro A Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Prediction of Chinese Drivers' Intentions to Park Illegally in Emergency Lanes: An Application of the Theory of Planned Behavior.
CONCLUSION: The study revealed that perceived behavioral control, past behavior, facilitating circumstance and invulnerability emerged as consistently significant predictors of Chinese drivers' intentions to park illegally in emergency lanes. Findings of this study may have some practical implications in developing multi-faced interventions or education process for illegal emergency lane parking in China. PMID: 29927622 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 21, 2018 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Zheng Y, Ma Y, Guo L, Cheng J, Zhang Y Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Roadside survey of alcohol and drug use among Norwegian drivers in 2016-17: a follow up of the 2008-9 survey.
CONCLUSIONS: The proportion of samples that tested positive for alcohol had not changed since 2008-9, whereas the proportions that tested positive for benzodiazepines and amphetamines were lower. There are several possible reasons for the reduction: implementation of legal limits for 28 drugs in 2012-16, increased use of drug recognition tests, the implementation of drug screening instruments and automatic number plate recognition by the police since 2010, more focused enforcement of the DUI law, better information to drivers, and changes in drug prescriptions. PMID: 29927625 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Sourc...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 21, 2018 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Furuhaugen H, Jamt REG, Nilsson G, Vindenes V, Gjerde H Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Women judging: is a young male drunk driver perceived as more negligent than a young female drunk driver?
CONCLUSIONS: The results of our imaginary scenario study of a representative sample of Finnish female driver license holders do not support a hypothesis that there would be a negative bias towards young male drivers in the context of drunk driving behavior. PMID: 29927629 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 21, 2018 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Radun I, Watling H, Radun J, Kaistinen J, Olivier J Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Rollover Injury in Vehicles with High Strength-to-Weight Ratio (SWR) Roofs, Curtain and Side Airbags and Other Safety Improvements.
This study investigated trends in severe injury and ejection in rollover crashes involving lap-shoulder belted drivers and right-front passengers. It was conducted because of changes in 2009 to consumer information programs and regulations related to rollover protection. The data is presented by model year (MY) of the vehicle in groups from 1995-2016. NASS-CDS cases with 2010-16 MY vehicles were also evaluated to determine the crash circumstances and causes for severe injury of belted occupants in vehicles with a high strength-to-weight (SWR) roof, curtain and side airbags and other safety improvements. METHODS: 1997-...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 21, 2018 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Viano DC, Parenteau CS Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

The effectiveness of an on-bicycle curriculum on children.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the BikeSafe on-bicycle curriculum affects children's bicycle safety knowledge and collect cross-sectional data on cycling beliefs and attitudes. METHODS: The University of Miami's BikeSafe program collected surveys from 286 participants, ages 7-15, in 10 Miami-Dade County Parks, Recreation, and Open Spaces summer camps from June to August 2015. Pre- and post-knowledge assessments were analyzed for 83 intervention group and 57 control group participants. Post-testing occurred immediately following program implementation and 2-4 weeks post-implementation. RESULTS: ...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 21, 2018 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Pomares B, Hooshmand J, Cushing M, Hotz G Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Effects of blind spot monitoring systems on police-reported lane-change crashes.
DISCUSSION: Blind spot monitoring systems are effective in preventing police-reported lane-change crashes when considering crashes of all severities. If every U.S. vehicle in 2015 were equipped with blind spot monitoring that performed like the study systems, it is estimated that about 50,000 crashes could have been prevented. PMID: 29927678 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 21, 2018 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Cicchino JB Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Exploring Substance Use and Impaired Driving Among Adults Aged 21 Years and Older in the US, 2015.
CONCLUSIONS: Impaired driving was self-reported among alcohol, marijuana, and prescription opioid users. This report demonstrates the need for more robust alcohol and drug-related data collection, reporting, and analyses, as well as the emerging need for surveillance of marijuana and prescription opioid impaired driving. States can consider using proven strategies to prevent impaired driving and evaluate promising practices. PMID: 29927680 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 21, 2018 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Jewett A, Peterson AB, Sauber-Schatz EK Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Examination of associations between risky driving behaviors and hazardous drinking among a sample of college students.
This study examined co-variation between hazardous drinking scores and the following risky driving behaviors: falling asleep while driving, texting (receiving and sending) while driving, and driving after consuming alcohol. METHODS: The participants in this study were a sample of undergraduate students (N = 1,298) who were enrolled in an introductory health course at a large, Southeastern university in Spring 2016 and completed an online health survey that assessed hazardous drinking, falling asleep while driving, texting while driving, and driving after consuming alcohol. We conducted a series of two-st...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 21, 2018 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Martin RJ, Cox MJ, Chaney BH, Knowlden AP Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Time and temperature sensitivity of the Hybrid III neck.
CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates that while the duration of the recovery interval between tests has a small influence on neck stiffness, temperature effects should not be overlooked as they influence neck compressive stiffness considerably. The relationship between recorded force and temperature is well represented by exponential decay models. These findings highlight the importance of monitoring and controlling for temperature effects during all HIII testing. PMID: 29927682 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 21, 2018 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Schmidt AL, Ortiz-Paparoni MA, Shridharani JK, Nightingale RW, Bass CR Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Identifying the Safety Factors over Traffic Signs in State Roads using a Panel Quantile Regression Approach.
CONCLUSIONS: To our knowledge, it's the first attempt to analyze the interactions between accident consequences and traffic signs by employing a panel quantile regression model; by involving the visibility, the present study demonstrates that the low visibility causes a relatively higher risk of MD and DI; It is noteworthy that average speed limit corresponds with accident rate positively; The number of mandatory signs and the number of warning signs are more likely to reduce the accident rate; The number of invalid traffic signs per km are significant for accident rate, thus regular maintenance should be kept for a safer ...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 20, 2018 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Šarić Ž, Xu X, Duan L, Babić D Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Evaluating the Influence of Road Lighting on Traffic Safety at Accesses Using An Artificial Neural Network.
CONCLUSIONS: The improvement of illuminance can decrease the speed variation among vehicles and improve the safety level. In addition, high-grade roads need better illuminance at accesses. A threshold value can also be obtained based on related variables and used to develop scientific guidelines for traffic management organizations. PMID: 29775077 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 18, 2018 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Xu Y, Ye Z, Wang Y, Wang C, Sun C Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research