Proposal for a Frontal Impact and Compatibility Assessment Approach Based on the European FIMCAR Project.
Conclusions: By adding a full-width test to the current ODB test it is possible to better address the issues of structural misalignment and injuries resulting from high acceleration accidents as observed in the current fleet. The estimated benefit ranges from a 5 to 12 percent reduction of fatalities and serious injuries resulting from frontal impact accidents. By using a deformable element in the full-width test, the test conditions are more representative of real-world situations with respect to acceleration pulse, restraint system triggering time, and deformation pattern of the front structure. The test results are ther...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - August 5, 2013 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Johannsen H, Adolph T, Edwards M, Lazaro I, Versmissen T, Thomson R Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Modeling of Material Orientation Effects on AHSS Crush and Fracture Behavior in Axial Crush Tests.
Conclusions: The predicted fracture mode and force-displacement curves agreed well with the test data for both the L and T directions in axial crush tests of the 12-sided components. The simple isotropic material model MAT224 is adequate for crush simulations to predict material orientation effects on AHSS component crush performance and fracture behavior. PMID: 23906382 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - August 5, 2013 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Chen G, Link TM, Shi MF, Tyan T Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

How important is vehicle safety for older consumers in the vehicle purchase process?
Conclusions: These findings are consistent with previous research that suggests that, though older consumers highlight the importance of safety features (i.e., seat belts, air bags, braking), they often downplay the role of safety in their vehicle purchasing process and are more likely to equate vehicle safety with the presence of specific vehicle safety features or technologies rather than the vehicle's crash safety/test results or crashworthiness. The findings from this study provide a foundation to support further research in this area that can be used by policy makers, manufacturers, and other stakeholders to better ta...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - July 21, 2013 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Koppel S, Clark B, Hoareau E, Charlton JL, Newstead SV Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Rear seat restraint system optimization for older children in frontal crashes.
Conclusions: The balance of reducing head and knee excursions and preventing submarining indicates that an optimization approach is necessary to improve protection for 6- to 12-year-old child occupants. The findings of this study provided design guidelines for future rear seat restraint system. Supplemental materials are available for this article. Go to the publisher's online edition of Traffic Injury Prevention to view the supplemental file. PMID: 23859119 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - July 21, 2013 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Hu J, Wu J, Reed MP, Klinich KD, Cao L Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Effects of Vehicle Front-End Stiffness on Rear Seat Dummies in NCAP and FMVSS208 Tests.
This study is devoted to quantifying changes in mass and stiffness of vehicles tested by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) over the past 3 decades (model years 1982 to 2010) and understanding the effect of those changes on protection of rear seat occupants. Methods: A total of 1179 tests were used, and the changes in their mass and stiffness versus their model year was quantified. Additionally, data from 439 dummies tested in rear seats of NHTSA's full frontal crashes were analyzed. Dummies were divided into 3 groups based on their reference injury criteria. Multiple regressions were performed with...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - July 21, 2013 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Sahraei E, Digges K, Marzougui D Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Effects of personality on risky driving behavior and accident involvement for chinese drivers.
Conclusions: Consistent with previous studies, the present study revealed that personality traits play an important role in predicting Chinese drivers' risky driving behaviors. In addition, Chinese drivers' personality characteristics were also associated with accident involvement. Supplemental materials are available for this article. Go to the publisher's online edition of Traffic Injury Prevention to view the supplemental file. PMID: 23859184 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - July 21, 2013 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Yang J, Du F, Qu W, Gong Z, Sun X Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Pedestrian and motorized mobility scooter safety of older people.
Conclusion: Maintaining older adults' mobility and independence during a time of decreasing physical and mental capacity is a priority. Walking provides a key mode of transport that needs to be given higher priority within the road environment by policy makers, transport planners, and drivers. Therefore, governments need to consider appropriate and comprehensive urban planning and road safety policies that accommodate active aging to provide pedestrians and MMS users with environments that facilitate active living and safe transport. In addition, there is a need for community programs that raise awareness about safe road c...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - July 21, 2013 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Jancey J, Cooper L, Howat P, Meuleners L, Sleet D, Baldwin G Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Boosting restraint norms: a community-delivered campaign to promote booster seat use.
Conclusions: The "Boosting Restraint Norms" social marketing campaign, distributed through community organizations combined with caregiver education and a one-time free distribution of BPBs, was effective in increasing BPB use. This study demonstrates the feasibility of utilizing community organizations with established audiences to spread the "No Regrets" messaging of the campaign in the community. This study also indicates that spreading evidence-based messages in this manner may effectively change behavior in populations that are often hard to reach. Future studies are needed in which this methodolog...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - July 21, 2013 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Bryant-Stephens T, Garcia-Espana JF, Winston FK Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

A comparative study of count models: application to pedestrian-vehicle crashes along malaysia federal roads.
Conclusions: The results indicated the presence of overdispersion in the pedestrian crashes (PCs) and showed that it is due to excess zero rather than variability in the crash data. To handle the issue, the hurdle Poisson model was found to be the best model among the considered models in terms of comparative measures. Moreover, the variables average daily traffic, heavy vehicle traffic, speed limit, land use, and area type were significantly associated with PCs. PMID: 23859313 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - July 21, 2013 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Pour MH, Prasetijo J, Yahaya AS, Ghadiri SM Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

A study of adult pedestrian head impact conditions and injury risks in passenger car collisions based on real-world accident data.
Conclusions: The present study provides new insight into pedestrian head impact conditions in terms of velocity, angle, and impact location based on a number of real-world cases. Therefore, it may perform a critical analysis for current pedestrian head standard tests. PMID: 23859362 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - July 21, 2013 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Peng Y, Deck C, Yang J, Otte D, Willinger R Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Crash involvement of motor vehicles in relationship to the number and severity of traffic offenses. An exploratory analysis of dutch traffic offenses and crash data.
Abstract Objective: To establish the statistical relationship between offenses and crashes when the unit of analysis is the vehicle instead of the driver, to show the influence of the severity (e.g., minor speed offenses) on this relationship, and to research whether the form of this relationship is similar in different enforcement contexts. Methods: An exploratory analysis was conducted using Dutch traffic offense and crash data. Crash data included all police-registered crashes involving motorized and registered vehicles in 2009; offense data included all non-criminal traffic offenses registered during 2005-2009...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - July 21, 2013 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Goldenbeld C, Reurings M, Van Norden Y, Stipdonk H Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Injury thresholds of knee ligaments under lateral-medial shear loading: an experimental study.
Conclusion: Based on the bone-ligament-bone complex experiment of the knee, we present injury occurrences of the knee joints in lateral and medial shear loading. The testing data provide a basis for improving knee injury criteria that regulate passenger cars to reduce their aggressiveness to pedestrians. Supplemental materials are available for this article. Go to the publisher's online edition of Traffic Injury Prevention to view the supplemental file. PMID: 23859467 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - July 21, 2013 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Mo F, Arnoux PJ, Zahidi O, Masson C Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Consumer perceptions of medication warnings about driving: a comparison of French and Australian labels.
Conclusion: The results are potentially important for the Australian approach to medication warnings about driving impairment. The research contributes practical findings that can be used to enhance the effectiveness of warnings and develop countermeasures in this area. Hospital pharmacy patients should include persons with the highest level of likelihood of knowledge and awareness of medication warning labeling. Even in this context it appears that a review of the Australian warning system would be useful particularly in the context of increasing evidence relating to associated driving risks. Reviewing text size and reada...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - July 21, 2013 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Smyth T, Sheehan M, Siskind V, Mercier-Guyon C, Mallaret M Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

A Tenuous Result: Re-analysis of the Link Between Internet Usage and Young Adults' Driving License Holding. Comments on "Recent Changes in the Age Composition of Drivers in 15 Countries".
A Tenuous Result: Re-analysis of the Link Between Internet Usage and Young Adults' Driving License Holding. Comments on "Recent Changes in the Age Composition of Drivers in 15 Countries". Traffic Inj Prev. 2013;14(6):654-7 Authors: Vine SL, Latinopoulos C, Polak J PMID: 23859628 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - July 21, 2013 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Vine SL, Latinopoulos C, Polak J Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

The effect of group-adapted motivational interviewing on traffic convictions and driving behaviors of court-adjudicated youth.
Conclusions: There remains a need to develop and test behavioral interventions that could address high-risk driving behaviors and associated motor vehicle crash (MVC) risk in this population. Further research is needed to determine whether group behavioral interventions that use motivational interviewing could be a possible mechanism for changing high-risk behaviors, traffic citation recidivism, and the associated risks that these pose for MVCs among young drivers. PMID: 23859670 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - July 21, 2013 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Baird J, Nirenberg TD, Longabaugh R, Mello MJ Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Toward Understanding the Recent Large Reductions in the Proportion of Young Persons With a Driver's License: A Response to Le Vine et al. (2013).
PMID: 23859716 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - July 21, 2013 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Sivak M, Schoettle B Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Muscle activity influence on the kinematics of the cervical spine in frontal tests.
Conclusions: The sternocleidomastoid muscle force is mainly associated with the horizontal head acceleration and influences the onset of the flexion and translation motion. To summarize, these temporal correlations allow the conclusion that the semispinalis capitis muscle force is mainly associated with the angular head acceleration and influences the duration of the flexion and translation motion. PMID: 23859764 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - July 21, 2013 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Dehner C, Schick S, Kraus M, Scola A, Hell W, Kramer M Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Response to the letter to the editor on electronic billboards and driver distraction.
PMID: 23819197 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - July 7, 2013 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Ahlstrom C Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Norwegian roadside survey of alcohol and drug use by drivers (2008-2009).
Conclusions: The incidence of drink driving was very low, though driving after using psychoactive illegal or medicinal drugs was more frequent. Supplemental materials are available for this article. Go to the publisher's online edition of Traffic Injury Prevention to view the supplemental file. PMID: 23697895 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 27, 2013 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Gjerde H, Christophersen AS, Normann PT, Assum T, Oiestad EL, Mørland J Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

National and regional analysis of road accidents in Spain.
Conclusions: The fast Fourier transform analysis of road accident frequency in Spain was useful in identifying the periodic, harmonic components of accidents and casualties. The periodicity observed both for the period 1998-2009 and by year showed that the highest intensity in road accidents was bimonthly, despite the lower number of accidents and casualties in the spectra of amplitude and power and efforts to reduce the intensity and concentration during off-season travel (summer and December). Supplemental materials are available for this article. Go to the publisher's online edition of Traffic Injury Prevention to view ...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 27, 2013 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Tolón-Becerra A, Lastra-Bravo X, Flores-Parra I Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Helmets prevent motorcycle injuries with significant economic benefits.
Abstract Objective: The number of registered motorcycles in the United States has been steadily increasing, as have the number of motorcycle injuries and fatalities. The Midwest has the lowest incidence of helmet use in the country. Iowa in particular has no helmet law. Materials and Methods: We conducted a retrospective study of the motorcycle crash victims treated at our level 1 trauma center between 2002 and 2008. Data from 713 motorcycle trauma victims were analyzed for correlations between helmet use and multiple outcome measures. Results: The helmeted cases were similar to the unhelmeted cases in demographic...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 27, 2013 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Philip AF, Fangman W, Liao J, Lilienthal M, Choi K Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Bicycle helmets: head impact dynamics in helmeted and unhelmeted oblique impact tests.
Conclusions: The study reinforces the benefits of wearing a bicycle helmet in a crash. The study also demonstrates that helmets do not increase angular head acceleration. The study assists in establishing the need for an agreed-upon international oblique helmet test as well as the boundary conditions for oblique helmet testing. Supplemental materials are available for this article. Go to the publisher's online edition of Traffic Injury Prevention to view the supplemental file. PMID: 23697898 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 27, 2013 Category: Occupational Health Authors: McIntosh AS, Lai A, Schilter E Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Evaluation of an Autonomous Braking System in Real-World PTW Crashes.
Conclusions: This study demonstrated significant potential for application of the autonomous braking system in car following and crossing scenarios. In addition, the theoretical benefit curves for the AB globally, were able to provide good quantitative indications of its benefits in real cases where the AB was considered applicable. Further analysis with larger databases is suggested in order to confirm the magnitude of benefits in the PTW crash population. Supplemental materials are available for this article. Go to the publisher's online edition of Traffic Injury Prevention to view the supplemental file. PMID: 23697...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 27, 2013 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Savino G, Pierini M, Rizzi M, Frampton R Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Washington State's alcohol ignition interlock law: effects on recidivism among first-time DUI offenders.
CONCLUSIONS: Mandating interlock orders for all first DUI convictions was associated with reductions in recidivism, even with low interlock use rates, and reductions in crashes. Additional gains are likely achievable with higher rates. Jurisdictions should seek to increase use rates and reconsider permitting reductions in DUI charges to other traffic offenses without interlock order requirements. PMID: 23441939 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 22, 2013 Category: Occupational Health Authors: McCartt AT, Leaf WA, Farmer CM, Eichelberger AH Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

The result of a baseline survey on drink driving in Nanning and Liuzhou of Guangxi Province, China.
CONCLUSIONS: Valuable information was obtained from the baseline survey to provide a better understanding of the drink driving situation in Nanning and Liuzhou. From the survey data it can be seen that drinking and driving was a major issue in both cities. A drink driving intervention was developed with both components of public education/social marketing and enforcement activities after the survey, which was conducted in 2008. However, this article will focus on the methodology and results of the baseline survey, not the activities and outcome of the intervention. PMID: 23441940 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 22, 2013 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Yuan A, Li Y, Zhang J Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Licensing age issues: deliberations from a workshop devoted to this topic.
CONCLUSIONS: Jurisdictions can achieve reductions in teenage crashes by raising the licensing age. This can be done directly or indirectly by strengthening GDL systems, in particular extending the minimum length of the learner period. Supplementary materials are available for this article. Go to the publisher's online edition of Traffic Injury Prevention for the following supplemental resource: List of workshop participants. PMID: 23441941 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 22, 2013 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Williams AF, McCartt AT, Mayhew DR, Watson B Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

New Jersey's license plate decal requirement for graduated driver licenses: attitudes of parents and teenagers, observed decal use, and citations for teenage driving violations.
CONCLUSIONS: Early examination of New Jersey's decal requirement found widespread opposition, primarily due to concerns about identifying/targeting teenage drivers, though first-hand reports of such incidents were very rare. Many teenagers do not use the decals. Increased issuance of citations for violations of the teenage licensing law suggests that decals are facilitating police enforcement. However, based on teenagers' self-reports, the requirement does not appear to have achieved the ultimate goal of increased compliance. PMID: 23441942 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 22, 2013 Category: Occupational Health Authors: McCartt AT, Oesch NJ, Williams AF, Powell TC Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Female drivers in the United States, 1963-2010: from a minority to a majority?
CONCLUSIONS: Currently, females with a driver's license are slightly outnumbering males. However, because females drive less than males, the overall likelihood that a given driver on the road today is a female is still less than 50 percent. PMID: 23441943 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 22, 2013 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Sivak M Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Nonfatal road traffic injuries: can road safety campaigns prevent hazardous behavior? An Italian experience.
Abstract OBJECTIVES: Road traffic injuries are a widespread problem and are very difficult to prevent. The purpose of this study was to verify whether intensive versus basic road safety education programs are associated with different incidence and severity of nonfatal road injuries. METHOD: The study had an ecological design and involved Local Health Authority One (LHA1) in Salerno, Italy, which includes 20 municipalities. Data on nonfatal road injuries occurring in the periods June to August 2003 and June to August 2008 were obtained from trained operators through the information system of the emergency dep...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 22, 2013 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Zampetti R, Messina G, Quercioli C, Vencia F, Genco L, Di Bartolomeo L, Nante N Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Assessing quality of existing data sources on road traffic injuries (RTIs) and their utility in informing injury prevention in the Western Cape Province, South Africa.
CONCLUSION: This study found extensive data quality problems, including missing data, duplication, and significant underreporting of traffic injury deaths in the police data. Not all assumptions underlying the use of capture-recapture method were met in this study; hence, the estimates provided by this analysis should be interpreted with caution. There is a need to address the problems highlighted by this study in order to improve data utility for informing road safety policies. Supplemental materials are available for this article. Go to the publisher's online edition of Traffic Injury Prevention to view the supplemental ...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 22, 2013 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Chokotho LC, Matzopoulos R, Myers JE Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Child and youth traffic-related injuries: use of a trauma registry to identify priorities for prevention in the United Arab Emirates.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: Traffic-related injuries are the main cause of death during childhood and youth in the United Arab Emirates (UAE), use of safety restraints by citizens is uncommon, rollovers are frequent, and current legislation does not protect rear-seat occupants. Because little was known about the circumstances of hospitalizations for traffic injuries to guide prevention, a trauma registry was used to assess causes and determinants for traffic-related injuries during childhood and youth (
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 22, 2013 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Grivna M, Barss P, Stanculescu C, Eid HO, Abu-Zidan FM Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Teen driver risk in relation to age and number of passengers, United States, 2007-2010.
CONCLUSIONS: These results show that although the overall number of teen driver fatalities has decreased substantially over the past several years, carrying young passengers is still a significant risk factor for young drivers. In contrast, carrying adult passengers is associated with significantly lower risk of crash involvement. PMID: 23441947 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 22, 2013 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Tefft BC, Williams AF, Grabowski JG Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Who can best influence the quality of teenagers' cars?
CONCLUSIONS: Evidently, parents are key people in making vehicle purchasing decisions regarding the cars that teenagers drive and should be the main audience for measures to improve the poor secondary safety performance of teenagers' vehicles. PMID: 23441948 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 22, 2013 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Keall MD, Newstead S Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

How effective are pictograms in communicating risk about driving-impairing medicines?
CONCLUSIONS: Despite not being fully self-explanatory in conveying warnings and safety-related information, the pictograms evaluated in this research provided good insight into the different levels of driving risks, especially the rating model pictogram, because respondents' intentions to change their driving behaviors increased with higher categories of risk. The added value of the side-text in the rating model pictogram was not confirmed in this research. Pictograms can be seen as a valuable means to reinforce both written and spoken information given to patients by health care providers at the time of consultation. ...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 22, 2013 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Monteiro SP, Huiskes R, Van Dijk L, Van Weert JC, De Gier JJ Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Determining vehicle operating speed and lateral position along horizontal curves using linear mixed-effects models.
CONCLUSIONS: Speed and lateral position at point of entry were observed to influence trajectory and speed profiles. Rural horizontal curve site models are presented that indicate that the following variables were significant and influenced both vehicle speed and lateral position: time of day, direction of travel (inside or outside lane), and type of vehicle. PMID: 23441950 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 22, 2013 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Fitzsimmons EJ, Kvam V, Souleyrette RR, Nambisan SS, Bonett DG Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Economic growth, motorization, and road traffic injuries in the Sultanate of Oman, 1985-2009.
CONCLUSION: Recent economic growth in Oman was associated with an increase in motorization rates, which in turn has resulted in an increased burden of road traffic fatalities and injuries. PMID: 23441951 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 22, 2013 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Al-Reesi H, Ganguly SS, Al-Adawi S, Laflamme L, Hasselberg M, Al-Maniri A Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Role of alcohol in hospitalized road trauma in Viet nam.
CONCLUSIONS: The results of this preliminary study indicate that 29.1 percent of all car drivers and motorcycle riders presenting at hospitals with RTIs exceeded the legal BAC limit for operating a motor vehicle. Though further study is required, this is suggestive that strengthening the enforcement of drink-driving laws is an urgent national road safety priority. PMID: 23531254 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 22, 2013 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Nguyen NP, Passmore J, Tran LT, Luong AM Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Scooter crashes at university: intervention tactics for modified behavior and helmet use.
CONCLUSIONS: University students who operated scooters were principally untrained in safe operation measures and in many cases ignored traffic laws. Though perceptions of helmets as a safety device were significant, they were viewed as uncomfortable, most often among female operators. Key psychological indicators of attitudes toward helmet use were perceived norms and control in making choices. The best course of action is messages that (1) introduces modern features that make helmets more user adaptable to comfort; (2) promote a positive outcome through users' motivation to comply to norms (i.e., parental influence); and ...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 22, 2013 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Mueller TS Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Driving performance and behaviors: a comparison of gender differences in Parkinson's disease.
CONCLUSIONS: Our study shows preliminary evidence that few gender differences exist with respect to driving errors and overall driving performance. Future studies should better balance gender distribution by age in PD driving studies to determine whether there are indeed differences in driving performance between men and women. PMID: 23531256 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 22, 2013 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Crizzle AM, Classen S, Lanford D, Malaty IA, Okun MS, Wagle Shukla A, McFarland NR Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

A study on the relationship between personality and driving styles.
CONCLUSION: The results provide researchers with a more comprehensive understanding of the relationships between personality traits and driving styles. Practical prevention measures are discussed. PMID: 23531257 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 22, 2013 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Poó FM, Ledesma RD Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Driving behaviors and on-duty road accidents: a French case-control study.
CONCLUSIONS: This study provides knowledge on behavioral risk factors for on-duty road accidents and differences in behavior according to the type of journey for subjects who have been on-duty road accident victims. These results will be useful for the design of on-duty road risk prevention. PMID: 23531258 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 22, 2013 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Fort E, Chiron M, Davezies P, Bergeret A, Charbotel B Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Head injuries to restrained occupants in single-vehicle pure rollover crashes.
CONCLUSIONS: Serious brain injuries appear to occur frequently as a result of loading to the periphery of the head from contact with the roof assembly. Two mechanisms of injury for basal skull fractures in rollover crashes were identified. The injury patterns and locations of contact to the head are sensitive to the seated position of the occupant. PMID: 23531259 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 22, 2013 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Mattos GA, Grzebieta RH, Bambach MR, McIntosh AS Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Muscle activity influence on the kinematics of the cervical spine in rear-end sled tests in female volunteers.
CONCLUSIONS: The headrest effect and the sternocleidomastoid muscle force firstly supported the deceleration of the head relative to T1 toward dorsal, which was followed by an accelerating effect toward ventral. The semispinalis capitis muscle force exerted a late decelerating effect on head flexion and ventral translation movement. PMID: 23531260 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 22, 2013 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Dehner C, Schick S, Kraus M, Hell W, Kramer M Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Coupling lateral bending and shearing mechanisms to define knee injury criteria for pedestrian safety.
CONCLUSIONS: The developed injury criterion correlated the combined joint kinematics to initial knee injuries based on subsegment tests and FE simulations conducted with a biofidelic lower limb model. This provides a valuable way of predicting the risk of knee injury associated with vehicle-pedestrian crashes and thereby represents a further step to promote the design of vehicle countermeasures for pedestrian safety. PMID: 23531261 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 22, 2013 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Mo F, Masson C, Cesari D, Arnoux PJ Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

The impact of new legislation on child restraint system (CRS) misuse and inappropriate use in Australia.
CONCLUSIONS: Based on the findings of the current study, it was concluded that, despite the introduction of new, definitive CRS legislation, CRS misuse and/or inappropriate use remains widespread in Australia. The findings highlight the need for CRS education and legislation that include information on correct CRS use, as well as information on appropriate CRS use, in order to provide specialized protection for child vehicle occupants in the event of a motor vehicle crash. PMID: 23531262 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 22, 2013 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Koppel S, Charlton JL, Rudin-Brown CM Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

A simulation study of spine biofidelity in the hybrid-III 6-year-old ATD.
CONCLUSIONS: Future ATD spine modification should focus on reducing the neck and lumbar tension stiffness and adding additional flexibility both in flexion/extension and tension at the thoracic spine region. The child ATD model developed in this study can be used as an important tool to improve child ATD biofidelity and child restraint system design in motor vehicle crashes. PMID: 23531263 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 22, 2013 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Wu J, Cao L, Reed MP, Hu J Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Altering school attendance times to prevent child pedestrian injuries.
CONCLUSIONS: Changing school times may be an effective, inexpensive, and practical tool for reducing child pedestrian injuries in urban environments. Enhanced transportation models and community-based interventions are natural next steps for exploring the use of school-specific scheduling to reduce the risk of child pedestrian injury. Further research is required to validate our models before this analysis should be used by policy makers. PMID: 23531264 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 22, 2013 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Yiannakoulias N, Bland W, Scott DM Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Effects of simulated day and night driving on the speed differential in tangent-curve transition: a pilot study using driving simulator.
CONCLUSIONS: The study demonstrated that limiting the speed analysis only to daytime driving conditions cannot exclude the possibility that during nighttime driving some road configurations could become unsafe. The findings of the study highlight the need to carry out design consistency evaluations for nighttime driving conditions. PMID: 23531265 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 22, 2013 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Bella F, Calvi A Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

A method for determining the number of traffic conflict points between vehicles at major-minor highway intersections.
CONCLUSIONS: Applications show that the method can efficiently and accurately determine the number of traffic conflict points between vehicles at major-minor highway intersections. PMID: 23531266 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 22, 2013 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Pan F, Zhang L, Lu J, Zhao JJ, Wang F Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

The effects of peer influence on adolescent pedestrian road-crossing decisions.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings showed that road-crossing decisions of adolescents were influenced by both unsafe and cautious comments from their peers. The discussion highlighted the role that peers can play in both increasing and reducing adolescent risk-taking. PMID: 23531267 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 22, 2013 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Pfeffer K, Hunter E Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research