Proactive crash risk prediction modeling for merging assistance system at interchange merging areas.
Conclusions: The results suggest that the nested logit model has the highest prediction accuracy. It is concluded that the merging speed, driving ability (i.e., lane-keeping instability), and the vehicle type in the target lane affect the crash risk. Finally, the implementation of the proposed prediction model for merging assistance system is designed. The findings from this study can have implications for the design of the merging assistance system for helping drivers make safe merging decisions and thus enhancing the safety of the interchange merging area. PMID: 32154738 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: ...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 10, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Gu X, Cai Q, Lee J, Xiang Q, Ma Y, Xu X Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Infant car seat use in Japan after the antepartum distribution of an educational leaflet: A prospective, nonrandomized controlled trial with a questionnaire survey.
Conclusions: Antepartum minimal intervention via the distribution of an educational leaflet recommending ICS safety guidelines was associated with increased rates of ICS attachments, always ICS use, and ICS placement on the rear seat and in rear-facing positions; however, it did not contribute to reduced MVA rates after delivery. PMID: 32154734 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 10, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Morikawa M, Yamada T, Kogo H, Sugawara M, Nishikawa A, Fukushi Y, Kato-Hirayama E, Ishioka SI, Watari H Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Understanding vehicle crashes in work zones: Analysis of workplace health and safety data as an alternative to police-reported crash data in Queensland, Australia.
Conclusions: The WHS dataset is a valuable alternative to police-reported crash data for understanding vehicle crash characteristics in work zones, particularly where restrictive reporting criteria lead to inability to identify these crashes in police data. Reliability and utility of WHS data could be improved through advanced reporting systems and procedures, potentially including development of an app-based system for use on mobile electronic devices. PMID: 32154733 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 10, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Blackman R, Debnath AK, Haworth N Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Gender differences in the effectiveness of public education messages aimed at smartphone use among young drivers.
Conclusions: These findings suggest that young male drivers and young female drivers require different message content to be effective and support the importance of including multiple outcome measures to explain the messages' persuasive effects. PMID: 32154732 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 10, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Gauld CS, Lewis IM, White KM, Watson BC, Rose CT, Fleiter JJ Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Road traffic crash experience among commercial motorcyclists in Kigali, Rwanda.
Conclusions: Rwandan commercial motorcyclists demonstrate generally proper safety behaviors, but remain a high-risk occupational group. Road safety policy initiatives have been effective in changing driver behavior regardless of driver safety beliefs. PMID: 32138575 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion)
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - March 8, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot Source Type: research

How do fatalistic beliefs affect the attitudes and pedestrian behaviours of road users in different countries? A cross-cultural study
Publication date: May 2020Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 139Author(s): Rich C. McIlroy, Gilbert O. Kokwaro, Jianping Wu, Usanisa Jikyong, Vũ Hoài Nam, Md. Shamsul Hoque, John M. Preston, Katherine L. Plant, Neville A. Stanton (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - March 8, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

The effects of cognitive distraction on behavioural, oculomotor and electrophysiological metrics during a driving hazard perception task
Publication date: April 2020Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 138Author(s): Steven W. Savage, Douglas D. Potter, Benjamin W. Tatler (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - March 6, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Corrigendum to “Safety climate: Systematic literature network analysis of 38 years (1980–2018) of research” [Accid. Anal. Prev. 135 (2020) 1–16/105387]
Publication date: April 2020Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 138Author(s): Umesh Kumar Bamel, Ritesh Pandey, Amit Gupta (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - March 6, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Towards better road safety management: Lessons learned from inter-national benchmarking
Publication date: April 2020Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 138Author(s): Yongjun Shen, Elke Hermans, Qiong Bao, Tom Brijs, Geert Wets (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - March 6, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Drivers’ gap acceptance behaviours at intersections: A driving simulator study to understand the impact of mobile phone visual-manual interactions
Publication date: April 2020Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 138Author(s): Xiaomeng Li, Oscar Oviedo-Trespalacios, Andry Rakotonirainy (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - March 6, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Evaluating the effects of a simulator-based training on knowledge, attitudes and driving profiles of German ambulance drivers
Publication date: April 2020Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 138Author(s): Maria J. Prohn, Britta Herbig (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - March 6, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Injury Severity for Hazard & Risk Analyses:Calculation of ISO 26262 S-parameter Values from Real-World Crash Data
Publication date: April 2020Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 138Author(s): Jonas Krampe, Mirko Junge (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - March 6, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Do High Visibility Enforcement programs affect aggressive driving behavior? An empirical analysis using Naturalistic Driving Study data
Publication date: April 2020Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 138Author(s): Sarvani Sonduru Pantangi, Grigorios Fountas, Panagiotis Ch. Anastasopoulos, John Pierowicz, Kevin Majka, Alan Blatt (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - March 6, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Estimating near side crash injury risk in best performing passenger vehicles in the United States
Publication date: April 2020Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 138Author(s): Max Bareiss, Hampton C. Gabler (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - March 6, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Geometric effect analysis of highway-rail grade crossing safety performance
Publication date: April 2020Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 138Author(s): Amin Keramati, Pan Lu, Denver Tolliver, Xingju Wang (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - March 6, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

A comparison between Artificial Neural Network and Hybrid Intelligent Genetic Algorithm in predicting the severity of fixed object crashes among elderly drivers
Publication date: April 2020Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 138Author(s): Amir Mohammadian Amiri, Amirhossein Sadri, Navid Nadimi, Moe Shams (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - March 6, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Finding manoeuvre motifs in vehicle telematics
Publication date: April 2020Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 138Author(s): Maria Ines Silva, Roberto Henriques (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - March 6, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Cross-cultural differences in pedestrian behaviors in relation to values: A comparison of five countries
Publication date: April 2020Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 138Author(s): Gaye Solmazer, Derya Azık, Gizem Fındık, Yeşim Üzümcüoğlu, Özlem Ersan, Bilgesu Kaçan, Türker Özkan, Timo Lajunen, Bahar Öz, Anton Pashkevich, Maria Pashkevich, Vassiliki Danelli-Mylona, Dimitra Georgogianni, Ema Berisha Krasniqi, Muhamed Krasniqi, Evangelos Makris, Ksenia Shubenkova, Gentianë Xheladini (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - March 6, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Occupant injuries in light passenger vehicles—A NASS study to enable priorities for development of injury prediction capabilities of human body models
Publication date: April 2020Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 138Author(s): Bengt Pipkorn, Johan Iraeus, Mats Lindkvist, Pradeep Puthan, Olle Bunketorp (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - March 6, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

The real impact of full hydroplaning on driving safety
Publication date: April 2020Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 138Author(s): Florian Spitzhüttl, Fabrice Goizet, Thomas Unger, Frederic Biesse (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - March 6, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

An exploratory step for a general unified approach to labelling of road surface and tyre wet friction
Publication date: April 2020Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 138Author(s): Mauro D’Apuzzo, Azzurra Evangelisti, Vittorio Nicolosi (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - March 6, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Development of an expert derived ICD-AIS map for serious AIS3+ injury identification.
This article describes in detail the mapping process of the International Classification of Diseases Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) and the International Classification of Diseases Tenth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-10-CM) codes to the Abbreviated Injury Scale 2005, Update 2008 (AIS08) codes to identify injury with an AIS severity of 3 or more (AIS3+ severity) to determine 'serious' (MAIS3+) road traffic injuries.Methods: Over 19,000 ICD codes were mapped from the following injury categories; injury ICD-9-CM (Chapter 17) codes between '800 and 999.9' and injury ICD-10-CM (Chapter 19) 'S' and 'T' p...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 6, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Barnes J, Loftis KL, Jones L, Price JP, Gillich PJ, Cookman K, Brammer AL, St Germain T, Graymire V, Nayduch DA, Brennan M Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

How do fatalistic beliefs affect the attitudes and pedestrian behaviours of road users in different countries? A cross-cultural study.
Abstract This paper reports on an exploratory investigation of the influence of five different fatalistic belief constructs (divine control, luck, helplessness, internality, and general fatalism) on three classes of self-reported pedestrian behaviours (memory and attention errors, rule violations, and aggressive behaviours) and on respondents' general attitudes to road safety, and how relationships between constructs differ across countries. A survey of over 3400 respondents across Bangladesh, China, Kenya, Thailand, the UK, and Vietnam revealed a similar pattern for most of the relationships assessed, in most cou...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - March 6, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: McIlroy RC, Kokwaro GO, Wu J, Jikyong U, Nam VH, Hoque MS, Preston JM, Plant KL, Stanton NA Tags: Accid Anal Prev Source Type: research

Impacts of graduated driver licensing regulations
Publication date: May 2020Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 139Author(s): Joe Hirschberg, Jenny Lye (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - March 5, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

An exploratory step for a general unified approach to labelling of road surface and tyre wet friction.
Abstract Wet skid-resistance is of paramount importance for road safety as it has been recognized to affect wet-road accidents. Recently European Regulations are introducing mandatory classification for tyre friction performance by means of tyre labelling procedure. In this paper an experimental study has been carried out in order to search for a relationship between indexes employed in the tyre and pavement classification. Coupled friction tests have been performed in a controlled manner on five test track with varying texture properties and significant statistical relationship has been derived between Wet Grip I...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - March 5, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: D'Apuzzo M, Evangelisti A, Nicolosi V Tags: Accid Anal Prev Source Type: research

Investigation into passing behavior at passing zones to validate and extend the use of driving simulators in two-lane roads safety analysis
Publication date: May 2020Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 139Author(s): A. Karimi, M. Bassani, AM. Boroujerdian, L. Catani (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - March 3, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

The contribution of driving with friends to young drivers’ intention to take risks: An expansion of the theory of planned behavior
Publication date: May 2020Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 139Author(s): Noga Guggenheim, Orit Taubman – Ben-Ari, Elisheva Ben-Artzi (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - March 3, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

A driver behavior assessment and recommendation system for connected vehicles to produce safer driving environments through a “follow the leader” approach
Publication date: May 2020Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 139Author(s): Zihan Hong, Ying Chen, Yang Wu (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - March 3, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Maximum acceptable speed based on physiological performance for different alignments of rural roads under the influence of visibility in fog-a driving simulator study.
Conclusions: The study shows a significant correlation between the drivers' physiological performance and his or her driving speed choice under the influence of visibility in fog. Given visibility conditions and road alignment parameters, we can calculate the maximum acceptable speed that meets the driver's physiological requirements. Such findings should be indicative of real-time traffic management that could reduce the crash risk under inadequate visibility conditions in fog. PMID: 32125892 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 3, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Wang K, Zhang W, Feng Z, Sze NN, Hu Z, Wang C Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Class-imbalanced crash prediction based on real-time traffic and weather data: A driving simulator study.
Conclusion: The findings provide new insights into crash events forecasting and may be used to promote enforcement efforts related to designing crash avoidance/warning systems that enhance the effectiveness of the system's application based on driver input and vehicle kinematics under various weather conditions. PMID: 32125890 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 3, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Elamrani Abou Elassad Z, Mousannif H, Al Moatassime H Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Impacts of graduated driver licensing regulations.
Abstract We evaluate the impact of the Graduated Driver Licensing (GDL) system introduced in Victoria, Australia as they influence both injury and fatality rates. Since 1990, the Victorian GDL scheme has undergone several modifications including the introduction of new requirements and the stricter enforcement of existing regulations. Our evaluation of the GDL is based on monthly mortality and morbidity data for drivers 18-25 for the period January 2000 to June 2017. We estimate the immediate and long-term impacts of each policy change to the GDL system. Our results indicate that several initiatives in the GDL sys...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - March 3, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Hirschberg J, Lye J Tags: Accid Anal Prev Source Type: research

The implementation of per-se limits for driving under the influence of benzodiazepines and related drugs: No increased risk for arrest during therapeutic use in Norway.
Conclusions: The results show that the implementation of legislative limits for BZDs and z-hypnotics may have contributed to DUID suspicion for a small group of patients using therapeutic drug doses; only 1.3% of the suspected DUID offenders had concentrations of only one of those drugs in-line with recommended therapeutic dosing. PMID: 32119573 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 2, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Christophersen AS, Karinen R, Mørland J, Gjerde H Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Determination of critical time points in non-collision incidents of elderly passengers in standing position on urban bus.
Abstract Objective: Due to the reduced physical ability of elderly, the occurrence of non-collision incidents is higher for these passengers in standing position. Therefore, the purpose of the present study is to determine the critical time points of non-collision incidents using the level of leg muscle activity in elderly standing passengers on urban bus.Methods: To determine the critical time points in the occurrence of non-collision incidents, the level of muscular activity of the standing passengers was analyzed using a surface electromyography (surface EMG) device during the movement scenario of the bus. The ...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 2, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Arabian A, Masjoodi S, Makkiabadi B, Ghafari E, Torabi Nassaj E, Zakerian SA Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Mapping fractures from traffic accidents in Sweden: How do cyclists compare to other road users?
Conclusions: The results of this study may guide the design of appropriate protective devices for the cyclists based on the different injury mechanisms and provide implications for prioritizing new countermeasures, campaigns, or regulations. PMID: 32119567 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 2, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Meredith L, Kovaceva J, Bálint A Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Investigation into passing behavior at passing zones to validate and extend the use of driving simulators in two-lane roads safety analysis.
Abstract A passing maneuver allows drivers to maintain their desired speed on two-lane highways. However, it entails a high risk of collision with vehicles travelling in the opposite direction. Investigating drivers' behavior while performing passing maneuvers could provide helpful information on the factors that influence this process. Driving simulators have become important tools for driving behavior research studies as they are safe, facilitate the controlled use of experimental variables, and generate detailed output data. It remains to be seen whether simulator results can be considered representative of rea...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - March 2, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Karimi A, Bassani M, Boroujerdian AM, Catani L Tags: Accid Anal Prev Source Type: research

The contribution of driving with friends to young drivers' intention to take risks: An expansion of the theory of planned behavior.
This study aims to shed light on driving with friends as a particular case of driving with peers. It was designed to examine the role of the four dimensions of the Safe Driving Climate among Friends (SDCaF) scale, in predicting young drivers' intention to take risks behind the wheel, beyond the contribution of the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB). The sample consisted of 166 participants (70 men, 96 women), ranging in age from 17 to 24 years, who completed a set of self-report questionnaires. The findings demonstrate that the SDCaF dimensions, and especially perceived friends' pressure while driving, add to the explained v...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - March 2, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Guggenheim N, Taubman-Ben-Ari O, Ben-Artzi E Tags: Accid Anal Prev Source Type: research

A driver behavior assessment and recommendation system for connected vehicles to produce safer driving environments through a "follow the leader" approach.
A driver behavior assessment and recommendation system for connected vehicles to produce safer driving environments through a "follow the leader" approach. Accid Anal Prev. 2020 Mar 02;139:105460 Authors: Hong Z, Chen Y, Wu Y Abstract As part of the emerging world of intelligent transportation, there is considerable interest in developing connected vehicles that are more capable of identifying and guiding individual drivers' behavior than collecting mileage as a moving cart. The two goals of this study are (a) to build a conceptual framework for driver assessment and (b) develop recommendati...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - March 2, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Hong Z, Chen Y, Wu Y Tags: Accid Anal Prev Source Type: research

Injury Severity for Hazard & Risk Analyses:Calculation of ISO 26262 S-parameter Values from Real-World Crash Data.
Injury Severity for Hazard & Risk Analyses:Calculation of ISO 26262 S-parameter Values from Real-World Crash Data. Accid Anal Prev. 2020 Mar 02;138:105321 Authors: Krampe J, Junge M Abstract Our goal was the development of a robust and data-driven approach to ISO 26262 injury severity (S-parameter) estimation, replacing the current heuristic methods. The situations investigated as part of an ISO 26262 hazard & risk analysis are broken down into crash configurations. These crashes are analyzed from the perspective of the ADAS-equipped vehicle with the failing system as well as from the crash op...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - March 2, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Krampe J, Junge M Tags: Accid Anal Prev Source Type: research

Are multiple speed cameras more effective than a single one? Causal analysis of the safety impacts of multiple speed cameras
Publication date: May 2020Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 139Author(s): Haojie Li, Manman Zhu, Daniel J. Graham, Yingheng Zhang (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - March 1, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Are multiple speed cameras more effective than a single one? Causal analysis of the safety impacts of multiple speed cameras.
Abstract Most previous studies investigate the safety effects of a single speed camera, ignoring the potential impacts from adjacent speed cameras. The mutual influence between two or even more adjacent speed cameras is a relevant attribute worth taking into account when evaluating the safety impacts of speed cameras. This paper investigates the safety effects of two or more speed cameras observed within a specific radius which are defined as multiple speed cameras. A total of 464 speed cameras at treated sites and 3119 control sites are observed and related to road traffic accident data from 1999 to 2007. The eff...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - February 29, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Li H, Zhu M, Graham DJ, Zhang Y Tags: Accid Anal Prev Source Type: research

Cooperation program for volunteer medical students for training in pediatric cardiopulmonary resuscitation and accident prevention in Honduras
To analyze a training program in accident prevention and care and Pediatric Basic Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation taught by medical students. (Source: BMC Research Notes)
Source: BMC Research Notes - February 27, 2020 Category: Research Authors: Helena Garreta, C ésar Gutiérrez, Paula Greciano, Claudia Riber, Javier Urbano and Jesús López-Herce Tags: Research note Source Type: research

The joint effect of weather and lighting conditions on injury severities of single-vehicle accidents
Publication date: Available online 26 February 2020Source: Analytic Methods in Accident ResearchAuthor(s): Grigorios Fountas, Achille Fonzone, Niaz Gharavi, Tom Rye (Source: Analytic Methods in Accident Research)
Source: Analytic Methods in Accident Research - February 26, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Hierarchical Bayesian Modeling to Evaluate the Impacts of Intelligent Speed Adaptation Considering Individuals’ Usual Speeding Tendencies: A Correlated Random Parameters Approach
Publication date: Available online 25 February 2020Source: Analytic Methods in Accident ResearchAuthor(s): Kojiro Matsuo, Mitsuru Sugihara, Motohiro Yamazaki, Yasuhiro Mimura, Jia Yang, Komei Kanno, Nao Sugiki (Source: Analytic Methods in Accident Research)
Source: Analytic Methods in Accident Research - February 26, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

The effects of cognitive distraction on behavioural, oculomotor and electrophysiological metrics during a driving hazard perception task.
Abstract Previous research has demonstrated that the distraction caused by holding a mobile telephone conversation is not limited to the period of the actual conversation (Haigney, 1995; Redelmeier & Tibshirani, 1997; Savage et al., 2013). In a prior study we identified potential eye movement and EEG markers of cognitive distraction during driving hazard perception. However the extent to which these markers are affected by the demands of the hazard perception task are unclear. Therefore in the current study we assessed the effects of secondary cognitive task demand on eye movement and EEG metrics separately fo...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - February 26, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Savage SW, Potter DD, Tatler BW Tags: Accid Anal Prev Source Type: research

Statistical and machine-learning methods for clearance time prediction of road incidents: A methodology review
Publication date: Available online 24 February 2020Source: Analytic Methods in Accident ResearchAuthor(s): Jinjun Tang, Lanlan Zheng, Chunyang Han, Weiqi Yin, Yue Zhang, Yajie Zou, Helai Huang (Source: Analytic Methods in Accident Research)
Source: Analytic Methods in Accident Research - February 25, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Bayesian analysis of multivariate crash counts using copulas
Publication date: Available online 24 February 2020Source: Accident Analysis & PreventionAuthor(s): Eun Sug Park, Rosy Oh, Jae Youn Ahn, Man-Suk Oh (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - February 25, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Drivers' gap acceptance behaviours at intersections: A driving simulator study to understand the impact of mobile phone visual-manual interactions.
This study aims to investigate the effect of mobile phone use on the gap acceptance manoeuvre at intersections. Different mobile phone use positions, intersection type, gap size and driver characteristics were considered in the study. A total of 41 licenced drivers drove in an advanced driving simulator in three phone use conditions: baseline (no phone use), using the phone under the steering wheel (covert) and using the phone above the steering wheel (overt). Drivers drove the simulator three times and experienced two intersection types (straight-forward vs. left-turn) and two gap sizes (4 s vs. 7 s) during each drive. A ...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - February 25, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Li X, Oviedo-Trespalacios O, Rakotonirainy A Tags: Accid Anal Prev Source Type: research

Comparative risk factor analyses on bi-level injury severity of taxi and private car crashes in Seoul, South Korea.
Conclusions: This study identified the risk factors that affect the crash- and party-related severity level when casualties involved taxis and private cars. By employing both crash- and party-level models, the study not only identifies the risk factors among taxis and private car crashes but also provides a comprehensive picture of the injury profile of all vehicular occupants, which helps to devise safety measures that enhance the safety and reduce the injury severity for parties involved in crashes. PMID: 32091948 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - February 24, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Noh Y, Kwon OH, Yoon Y Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Sleep-impaired emotional regulation, impaired cognition, and poor sleep health are associated with risky sleepy driving in young adults.
Conclusion: Different variables were associated with the 2 risky driving behaviors, suggesting different underlying factors. Sleep-impaired emotional regulation and/or sleep-impaired cognition could be used to signal drivers that they are impaired by sleepiness. PMID: 32091936 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - February 24, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Watling CN, Shaw LM, Watling H Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Corrigendum to "Safety climate: Systematic literature network analysis of 38 years (1980-2018) of research" [Accid. Anal. Prev. 135 (2020) 1-16/105387].
Corrigendum to "Safety climate: Systematic literature network analysis of 38 years (1980-2018) of research" [Accid. Anal. Prev. 135 (2020) 1-16/105387]. Accid Anal Prev. 2020 Feb 24;138:105471 Authors: Bamel UK, Pandey R, Gupta A PMID: 32105840 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention.)
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - February 24, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Bamel UK, Pandey R, Gupta A Tags: Accid Anal Prev Source Type: research