Incorporating conflict risks in pedestrian-motorist interactions: A game theoretical approach
Accid Anal Prev. 2021 Jun 18;159:106254. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106254. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAt "semi-controlled" crosswalks with yield signs and markings, negotiations as to the right-of-way occur frequently between pedestrians and motorists, to determine who should proceed first. This kind of "negotiation" often leads to traffic delay and potential conflicts. To minimize misunderstandings between pedestrian and motorist that can have serious safety consequences, it is essential that we understand the decision-making process as the "players" interact in real street-crossing situatio...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - June 21, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Yunchang Zhang Jon D Fricker Source Type: research

Impact of Mexican Road Safety Strategies implemented in the context of the UN's Decade of Action
CONCLUSIONS: Results showed some potential gains of Mexico's road safety strategies: RTI in four + wheelers decreased. Efforts should be put in place urgently to prevent the growing number of RTI in motorcyclists.PMID:34153641 | DOI:10.1016/j.aap.2021.106227 (Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention.)
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - June 21, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Ricardo P érez-Núñez Elisa Hidalgo-Sol órzano Martha H íjar Source Type: research

Geographically weighted poisson regression under linear model of coregionalization assistance: Application to a bicycle crash study
Accid Anal Prev. 2021 Jun 18;159:106230. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106230. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTWhile cycling benefits individuals and society, cyclists are vulnerable road users, and their safety concerns arouse more macro-level spatial crash studies. Our study intends to investigate the spatial effects of population, land use, and bicycle lane infrastructures on bicycle crashes. This was done by developing a semi-parametric Geographically Weighted Poisson Regression (sGWPR) model which deals with the issue of spatial correlation and spatial non-stationarity simultaneously. It is a model that combines both constant...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - June 21, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Shujuan Ji Yuanqing Wang Yao Wang Source Type: research

Incorporating conflict risks in pedestrian-motorist interactions: A game theoretical approach
Accid Anal Prev. 2021 Jun 18;159:106254. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106254. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAt "semi-controlled" crosswalks with yield signs and markings, negotiations as to the right-of-way occur frequently between pedestrians and motorists, to determine who should proceed first. This kind of "negotiation" often leads to traffic delay and potential conflicts. To minimize misunderstandings between pedestrian and motorist that can have serious safety consequences, it is essential that we understand the decision-making process as the "players" interact in real street-crossing situatio...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - June 21, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Yunchang Zhang Jon D Fricker Source Type: research

Impact of Mexican Road Safety Strategies implemented in the context of the UN's Decade of Action
CONCLUSIONS: Results showed some potential gains of Mexico's road safety strategies: RTI in four + wheelers decreased. Efforts should be put in place urgently to prevent the growing number of RTI in motorcyclists.PMID:34153641 | DOI:10.1016/j.aap.2021.106227 (Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention.)
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - June 21, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Ricardo P érez-Núñez Elisa Hidalgo-Sol órzano Martha H íjar Source Type: research

Geographically weighted poisson regression under linear model of coregionalization assistance: Application to a bicycle crash study
Accid Anal Prev. 2021 Jun 18;159:106230. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106230. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTWhile cycling benefits individuals and society, cyclists are vulnerable road users, and their safety concerns arouse more macro-level spatial crash studies. Our study intends to investigate the spatial effects of population, land use, and bicycle lane infrastructures on bicycle crashes. This was done by developing a semi-parametric Geographically Weighted Poisson Regression (sGWPR) model which deals with the issue of spatial correlation and spatial non-stationarity simultaneously. It is a model that combines both constant...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - June 21, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Shujuan Ji Yuanqing Wang Yao Wang Source Type: research

Geographically weighted poisson regression under linear model of coregionalization assistance: Application to a bicycle crash study
Accid Anal Prev. 2021 Jun 18;159:106230. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106230. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTWhile cycling benefits individuals and society, cyclists are vulnerable road users, and their safety concerns arouse more macro-level spatial crash studies. Our study intends to investigate the spatial effects of population, land use, and bicycle lane infrastructures on bicycle crashes. This was done by developing a semi-parametric Geographically Weighted Poisson Regression (sGWPR) model which deals with the issue of spatial correlation and spatial non-stationarity simultaneously. It is a model that combines both constant...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - June 21, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Shujuan Ji Yuanqing Wang Yao Wang Source Type: research

Impact of Mexican Road Safety Strategies implemented in the context of the UN's Decade of Action
CONCLUSIONS: Results showed some potential gains of Mexico's road safety strategies: RTI in four + wheelers decreased. Efforts should be put in place urgently to prevent the growing number of RTI in motorcyclists.PMID:34153641 | DOI:10.1016/j.aap.2021.106227 (Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention.)
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - June 21, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Ricardo P érez-Núñez Elisa Hidalgo-Sol órzano Martha H íjar Source Type: research

Incorporating conflict risks in pedestrian-motorist interactions: A game theoretical approach
Accid Anal Prev. 2021 Jun 18;159:106254. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106254. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAt "semi-controlled" crosswalks with yield signs and markings, negotiations as to the right-of-way occur frequently between pedestrians and motorists, to determine who should proceed first. This kind of "negotiation" often leads to traffic delay and potential conflicts. To minimize misunderstandings between pedestrian and motorist that can have serious safety consequences, it is essential that we understand the decision-making process as the "players" interact in real street-crossing situatio...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - June 21, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Yunchang Zhang Jon D Fricker Source Type: research

How can regulatory authorities improve safety in organizations by influencing safety culture? A conceptual model of the relationships and a discussion of implications
Accid Anal Prev. 2021 Jun 16;159:106228. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106228. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTRegulators have increasingly started to focus on safety culture. The causal link between regulatory initiatives to improve safety culture and a potential decline in accidents may, however, appear like a "black box", involving social processes that seem hard to foresee and influence. We need a better conceptual understanding of this. The aims of our study are to: 1) Map studies of regulatory efforts to influence safety culture in companies, 2) Use the identified studies to develop a conceptual model of the analyt...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - June 20, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Tor-Olav N ævestad Ingeborg Storesund Hesjevoll Rune Elvik Source Type: research

Extending the Heston model to forecast motor vehicle collision rates
We present an alternative approach to the forecasting of motor vehicle collision rates. We adopt an oft-used tool in mathematical finance, the Heston Stochastic Volatility model, to forecast the short-term and long-term evolution of motor vehicle collision rates. We incorporate a number of extensions to the Heston model to make it fit for modelling motor vehicle collision rates. We incorporate the temporally-unstable and non-deterministic nature of collision rate fluctuations, and introduce a parameter to account for periods of accelerated safety. We also adjust estimates to account for the seasonality of collision pattern...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - June 20, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Darren Shannon Grigorios Fountas Source Type: research

How can regulatory authorities improve safety in organizations by influencing safety culture? A conceptual model of the relationships and a discussion of implications
Accid Anal Prev. 2021 Jun 17;159:106228. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106228. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTRegulators have increasingly started to focus on safety culture. The causal link between regulatory initiatives to improve safety culture and a potential decline in accidents may, however, appear like a "black box", involving social processes that seem hard to foresee and influence. We need a better conceptual understanding of this. The aims of our study are to: 1) Map studies of regulatory efforts to influence safety culture in companies, 2) Use the identified studies to develop a conceptual model of the analyt...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - June 20, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Tor-Olav N ævestad Ingeborg Storesund Hesjevoll Rune Elvik Source Type: research

Extending the Heston model to forecast motor vehicle collision rates
We present an alternative approach to the forecasting of motor vehicle collision rates. We adopt an oft-used tool in mathematical finance, the Heston Stochastic Volatility model, to forecast the short-term and long-term evolution of motor vehicle collision rates. We incorporate a number of extensions to the Heston model to make it fit for modelling motor vehicle collision rates. We incorporate the temporally-unstable and non-deterministic nature of collision rate fluctuations, and introduce a parameter to account for periods of accelerated safety. We also adjust estimates to account for the seasonality of collision pattern...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - June 20, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Darren Shannon Grigorios Fountas Source Type: research

Impact of Mexican Road Safety Strategies implemented in the context of the UN’s Decade of Action
Publication date: September 2021Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 159Author(s): Ricardo Pérez-Núñez, Elisa Hidalgo-Solórzano, Martha Híjar (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - June 19, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Incorporating conflict risks in pedestrian-motorist interactions: A game theoretical approach
Publication date: September 2021Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 159Author(s): Yunchang Zhang, Jon D. Fricker (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - June 19, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Geographically weighted poisson regression under linear model of coregionalization assistance: Application to a bicycle crash study
Publication date: September 2021Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 159Author(s): Shujuan Ji, Yuanqing Wang, Yao Wang (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - June 19, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Young and older adult pedestrians' behavior when crossing a street in front of conventional and self-driving cars
This study highlights the potential risks for pedestrians of introducing AVs into current road traffic, complicating the street-crossing task for young and older people alike. Future studies should look further into the role of repeated practice and trust in AVs. The design of these vehicles must also be addressed. Some practical recommendations are provided.PMID:34146938 | DOI:10.1016/j.aap.2021.106256 (Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention.)
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - June 19, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Aur élie Dommes Ga ëtan Merlhiot R égis Lobjois Nguyen-Thong Dang Fabrice Vienne Joris Boulo Anne-H élène Oliver Armel Cr étual Viola Cavallo Source Type: research

Validation of the attention-related driving errors scale in novice adolescent drivers
This study sought to validate the ARDES in novice adolescent drivers by investigating its underlying factor structure and its relations with self-reported measures of daily inattention, performance-based attention assessments, and a self-report measure of driving behavior.RESULTS: Replicating earlier work in adults, results suggested ARDES items can be classified according to their operational level of the driving. The ARDES had good internal reliability and construct validity, suggesting it is a valid self-report measure of the propensity for adolescents' attentional errors while driving.DISCUSSION: The ARDES provides a u...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - June 19, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Bria Gresham Benjamin McManus Sylvie Mrug Kristina Visscher Thomas Anthony Despina Stavrinos Source Type: research

Understanding context sensitivity regarding the use of child restraint systems in daily life in Japan
Accid Anal Prev. 2021 Jun 16;159:106236. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106236. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34146936 | DOI:10.1016/j.aap.2021.106236 (Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention.)
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - June 19, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Mikiko Oono Koji Kitamura Yoshifumi Nishida Tatsuhiro Yamanaka Source Type: research

Erratum to "Propensity score methods for road safety evaluation: Practical suggestions from a simulation study" [Accid. Anal. Prev. 158 (2021) 106200]
Accid Anal Prev. 2021 Jun 16;159:106257. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106257. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34144227 | DOI:10.1016/j.aap.2021.106257 (Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention.)
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - June 18, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Yingheng Zhang Haojie Li N N Sze Gang Ren Source Type: research

Assessing subjective criticality of take-over situations: Validation of two rating scales
Accid Anal Prev. 2021 Jun 15;159:106216. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106216. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAssessing subjective criticality of take-over situations is crucial for understanding of take-over behavior and comparing studies. However, no validated rating scales exist that assess subjective criticality of take-over situations. In a driving simulator study, two rating scales, the Scale of Criticality Assessment of driving situations from Neukum et al. (2008) and the Criticality Rating Scale, were tested on their validity to assess the subjective criticality of take-over situations. Besides, the subjective and behavio...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - June 18, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Fabienne Roche Source Type: research

Effectiveness of resampling methods in coping with imbalanced crash data: Crash type analysis and predictive modeling
This study focuses on comparing the effects of resampling techniques on the performance of both machine learning and classical statistical models for classifying and predicting different crash types on freeways. Specifically, a mixed sampling approach featuring a cluster-based under-sampling coupled with three popular over-sampling methods (i.e., random over-sampling, synthetic minority over-sampling, and adaptive synthetic sampling) were investigated with respect to four crash classification models, including three ensemble machine learning models (CatBoost, XGBoost, and Random Forests) and one classic statistical model (...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - June 18, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Clint Morris Jidong J Yang Source Type: research

Are bicycle lanes effective? The relationship between passing distance and road characteristics
Accid Anal Prev. 2021 Jun 16;159:106184. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106184. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAn on-road observational study of 162 cyclists was conducted in the Australian cities of Melbourne, Perth, Geelong, and Bendigo. Participants had a distance sensor and two video cameras fitted to their bicycle for two weeks while they cycled on their usual routes, producing 46,769 events where a motor vehicle passed a bicycle. This was the largest study to-date to record passing behavior on public roads, and a large number of road and traffic attributes that might affect passing distance were included in the analysis. Whe...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - June 18, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Jonathan Nolan James Sinclair Jim Savage Source Type: research

Erratum to "Propensity score methods for road safety evaluation: Practical suggestions from a simulation study" [Accid. Anal. Prev. 158 (2021) 106200]
Accid Anal Prev. 2021 Jun 16;159:106257. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106257. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34144227 | DOI:10.1016/j.aap.2021.106257 (Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention.)
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - June 18, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Yingheng Zhang Haojie Li N N Sze Gang Ren Source Type: research

Assessing subjective criticality of take-over situations: Validation of two rating scales
Accid Anal Prev. 2021 Jun 15;159:106216. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106216. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAssessing subjective criticality of take-over situations is crucial for understanding of take-over behavior and comparing studies. However, no validated rating scales exist that assess subjective criticality of take-over situations. In a driving simulator study, two rating scales, the Scale of Criticality Assessment of driving situations from Neukum et al. (2008) and the Criticality Rating Scale, were tested on their validity to assess the subjective criticality of take-over situations. Besides, the subjective and behavio...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - June 18, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Fabienne Roche Source Type: research

Effectiveness of resampling methods in coping with imbalanced crash data: Crash type analysis and predictive modeling
This study focuses on comparing the effects of resampling techniques on the performance of both machine learning and classical statistical models for classifying and predicting different crash types on freeways. Specifically, a mixed sampling approach featuring a cluster-based under-sampling coupled with three popular over-sampling methods (i.e., random over-sampling, synthetic minority over-sampling, and adaptive synthetic sampling) were investigated with respect to four crash classification models, including three ensemble machine learning models (CatBoost, XGBoost, and Random Forests) and one classic statistical model (...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - June 18, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Clint Morris Jidong J Yang Source Type: research

Are bicycle lanes effective? The relationship between passing distance and road characteristics
Accid Anal Prev. 2021 Jun 16;159:106184. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106184. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAn on-road observational study of 162 cyclists was conducted in the Australian cities of Melbourne, Perth, Geelong, and Bendigo. Participants had a distance sensor and two video cameras fitted to their bicycle for two weeks while they cycled on their usual routes, producing 46,769 events where a motor vehicle passed a bicycle. This was the largest study to-date to record passing behavior on public roads, and a large number of road and traffic attributes that might affect passing distance were included in the analysis. Whe...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - June 18, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Jonathan Nolan James Sinclair Jim Savage Source Type: research

Validation of the attention-related driving errors scale in novice adolescent drivers
Publication date: September 2021Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 159Author(s): Bria Gresham, Benjamin McManus, Sylvie Mrug, Kristina Visscher, Thomas Anthony, Despina Stavrinos (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - June 18, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Extending the Heston model to forecast motor vehicle collision rates
Publication date: September 2021Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 159Author(s): Darren Shannon, Grigorios Fountas (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - June 18, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Understanding context sensitivity regarding the use of child restraint systems in daily life in Japan
Publication date: September 2021Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 159Author(s): Mikiko Oono, Koji Kitamura, Yoshifumi Nishida, Tatsuhiro Yamanaka (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - June 18, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Young and older adult pedestrians’ behavior when crossing a street in front of conventional and self-driving cars
Publication date: September 2021Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 159Author(s): Aurélie Dommes, Gaëtan Merlhiot, Régis Lobjois, Nguyen-Thong Dang, Fabrice Vienne, Joris Boulo, Anne-Hélène Oliver, Armel Crétual, Viola Cavallo (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - June 18, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

How can regulatory authorities improve safety in organizations by influencing safety culture? A conceptual model of the relationships and a discussion of implications
Publication date: September 2021Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 159Author(s): Tor-Olav Nævestad, Ingeborg Storesund Hesjevoll, Rune Elvik (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - June 18, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

A price-performance analysis of the protective capabilities of wholesale bicycle helmets
CONCLUSIONS: These results show that the impact performance of wholesale helmets ranges considerably despite their low price-points. Results can also guide helmet safety promotion organizers toward distributing wholesale bicycle helmet models associated with lower overall concussion risks.PMID:34138652 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1929943 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 17, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Megan L Bland Steven Rowson Source Type: research

A price-performance analysis of the protective capabilities of wholesale bicycle helmets
CONCLUSIONS: These results show that the impact performance of wholesale helmets ranges considerably despite their low price-points. Results can also guide helmet safety promotion organizers toward distributing wholesale bicycle helmet models associated with lower overall concussion risks.PMID:34138652 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1929943 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 17, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Megan L Bland Steven Rowson Source Type: research

A price-performance analysis of the protective capabilities of wholesale bicycle helmets
CONCLUSIONS: These results show that the impact performance of wholesale helmets ranges considerably despite their low price-points. Results can also guide helmet safety promotion organizers toward distributing wholesale bicycle helmet models associated with lower overall concussion risks.PMID:34138652 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1929943 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 17, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Megan L Bland Steven Rowson Source Type: research

A price-performance analysis of the protective capabilities of wholesale bicycle helmets
CONCLUSIONS: These results show that the impact performance of wholesale helmets ranges considerably despite their low price-points. Results can also guide helmet safety promotion organizers toward distributing wholesale bicycle helmet models associated with lower overall concussion risks.PMID:34138652 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1929943 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 17, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Megan L Bland Steven Rowson Source Type: research

A price-performance analysis of the protective capabilities of wholesale bicycle helmets
CONCLUSIONS: These results show that the impact performance of wholesale helmets ranges considerably despite their low price-points. Results can also guide helmet safety promotion organizers toward distributing wholesale bicycle helmet models associated with lower overall concussion risks.PMID:34138652 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1929943 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 17, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Megan L Bland Steven Rowson Source Type: research

A price-performance analysis of the protective capabilities of wholesale bicycle helmets
CONCLUSIONS: These results show that the impact performance of wholesale helmets ranges considerably despite their low price-points. Results can also guide helmet safety promotion organizers toward distributing wholesale bicycle helmet models associated with lower overall concussion risks.PMID:34138652 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1929943 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 17, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Megan L Bland Steven Rowson Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 6545: A Methodology for Dynamic Assessment of Laboratory Safety by SEM-SD
Kai Wei Lab safety problems have become an impeding factor that cannot be ignored in normal teaching and scientific research activities at colleges and universities. As the risk factors of lab accidents can be conceptualized as occurring at multiple levels, systematically improving and optimizing lab safety is the crucial route to accident prevention in labs. In this paper, a novel method that integrates a structural equation model (SEM) and system dynamics (SD) is presented to dynamically assess lab safety with the characteristics of insufficient data and uncertainty. On the basis of a questionnaire investigation, t...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - June 17, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Laihao Ma Xiaoxue Ma Jingwen Zhang Qing Yang Kai Wei Tags: Article Source Type: research

Erratum to “Propensity score methods for road safety evaluation: Practical suggestions from a simulation study” [Accid. Anal. Prev. 158 (2021) 106200]
Publication date: September 2021Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 159Author(s): Yingheng Zhang, Haojie Li, N.N. Sze, Gang Ren (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - June 16, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Effectiveness of resampling methods in coping with imbalanced crash data: Crash type analysis and predictive modeling
Publication date: September 2021Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 159Author(s): Clint Morris, Jidong J. Yang (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - June 16, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Assessing subjective criticality of take-over situations: Validation of two rating scales
Publication date: September 2021Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 159Author(s): Fabienne Roche (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - June 16, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Are bicycle lanes effective? The relationship between passing distance and road characteristics
Publication date: September 2021Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 159Author(s): Jonathan Nolan, James Sinclair, Jim Savage (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - June 16, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Nigerian law enforcement agents' knowledge and enforcement of drink-drive law
CONCLUSION: In Nigeria, there is a huge knowledge gap on the drink-drive law and the acceptable penalties for offenders in Nigeria among law enforcement agents. The law enforcement agents lack equipment for objectively detecting drunk driving among road users. Our findings call for an urgent intervention in the training and practice of law enforcement agents if the prevalence of RTC arising from drunk driving will be reduced in Nigeria.PMID:34133250 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1923702 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 16, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Fadekemi Olufunmilayo Oginni Babatunde O Bamgbose Oluwaseun Caleb Oginni Olawande Funmilola Adebayo Olayiwola Victor Olorunfemi Olatubosun Sunday Salami Mohammad Abubakar Kaura Source Type: research

The effect of visually significant dermatochalasis and blepharoptosis on driving safety
Traffic Inj Prev. 2021 Jun 16:1-5. doi: 10.1080/15389588.2021.1927003. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of visually significant blepharoptosis and dermatochalasis on driving safety and performance. Patients with visually significant blepharoptosis often complain of difficulty with driving, but the impact of blepharoptosis on driving has not been evaluated in a real-world setting.METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of 610 consecutive adult patients undergoing bilateral functional blepharoplasty or ptosis repair surgery at a single, University-based practice between 2014 and 2017. This cohort h...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 16, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Suzanne W van Landingham Katherine M Lucarelli Kyle McDaniel Cat N Burkat Mark J Lucarelli Source Type: research

An examination of how alcohol enforcement strategies by sheriff and police agencies are associated with alcohol-impaired-driving fatal traffic crashes
Conclusions: Alcohol enforcement strategies among police agencies in small town/rural communities may be particularly effective in reducing alcohol-impaired fatal traffic crashes. Results varied by enforcement, agency and community type.PMID:34133253 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1934829 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 16, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Kathleen M Lenk Darin J Erickson Spruha Joshi Collin Calvert Toben F Nelson Traci L Toomey Source Type: research

The effect of visually significant dermatochalasis and blepharoptosis on driving safety
Traffic Inj Prev. 2021 Jun 16:1-5. doi: 10.1080/15389588.2021.1927003. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of visually significant blepharoptosis and dermatochalasis on driving safety and performance. Patients with visually significant blepharoptosis often complain of difficulty with driving, but the impact of blepharoptosis on driving has not been evaluated in a real-world setting.METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of 610 consecutive adult patients undergoing bilateral functional blepharoplasty or ptosis repair surgery at a single, University-based practice between 2014 and 2017. This cohort h...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 16, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Suzanne W van Landingham Katherine M Lucarelli Kyle McDaniel Cat N Burkat Mark J Lucarelli Source Type: research