A data-driven feature learning approach based on Copula-Bayesian Network and its application in comparative investigation on risky lane-changing and car-following maneuvers
Publication date: May 2021Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 154Author(s): Tianyi Chen, Yiik Diew Wong, Xiupeng Shi, Yaoyao Yang (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - March 9, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

An analysis on the risk of being injured and killed in road travel injuries in Namibia
Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot. 2021 Mar 8:1-9. doi: 10.1080/17457300.2021.1894180. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTRoad traffic injuries (RTIs) are a major, global problem. Few studies on RTIs have been conducted in Namibia, despite having one of the highest RTI rates globally. We conducted multinomial logistic regression on national Namibian datasets on RTIs 2012-2014. Being a motorcyclist was associated with the greatest risk of being injured (adjusted Relative Risk Ratio (aRRR) 82.1 (95% CI 47.2-142.9)) or killed (aRRR 202.1 (112.7-362.7)). Risks were also elevated for cyclists (57.3 (23.6-139.5)), pedestrians (15.8 (13.2-18...
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - March 8, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Mitchel Chatukuta Nora Groce Jenny Mindel Maria Kett Source Type: research

The effectiveness of different types of motorcycle helmets – A scoping review
Publication date: May 2021Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 154Author(s): Mohammadreza Tabary, Sadegh Ahmadi, Mohammad Hosein Amirzade-Iranaq, Maryam Shojaei, Masoud Sohrabi Asl, Zahra Ghodsi, Amir Azarhomayoun, Alireza Ansari-Moghaddam, Rasha Atlasi, Farnaz Araghi, Mehdi Shafieian, Seyed Taghi Heydari, Mahdi Sharif-Alhoseini, Gerard O’Reilly, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - March 7, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

The effects of alcohol intoxication on cognitive functions critical for driving: A systematic review
Accid Anal Prev. 2021 Mar 3;154:106052. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106052. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAlcohol is the most frequently detected substance in drivers involved in road traffic collisions. Given that up to 35% of fatal road collisions are alcohol-related, it is important to determine the influence of alcohol intoxication on driving-related skills. This review provides an updated and systematic evaluation of the available research concerning the effect of alcohol intoxication on cognitive functions critical for driving. Databases EBSCOhost, PsycInfo, PubMed, Scopus, Transport Research International Documentation ...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - March 6, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Harriet Garrisson Andrew Scholey Edward Ogden Sarah Benson Source Type: research

The effects of alcohol intoxication on cognitive functions critical for driving: A systematic review
Accid Anal Prev. 2021 Mar 3;154:106052. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106052. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAlcohol is the most frequently detected substance in drivers involved in road traffic collisions. Given that up to 35% of fatal road collisions are alcohol-related, it is important to determine the influence of alcohol intoxication on driving-related skills. This review provides an updated and systematic evaluation of the available research concerning the effect of alcohol intoxication on cognitive functions critical for driving. Databases EBSCOhost, PsycInfo, PubMed, Scopus, Transport Research International Documentation ...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - March 6, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Harriet Garrisson Andrew Scholey Edward Ogden Sarah Benson Source Type: research

The effects of alcohol intoxication on cognitive functions critical for driving: A systematic review
Accid Anal Prev. 2021 Mar 3;154:106052. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106052. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAlcohol is the most frequently detected substance in drivers involved in road traffic collisions. Given that up to 35% of fatal road collisions are alcohol-related, it is important to determine the influence of alcohol intoxication on driving-related skills. This review provides an updated and systematic evaluation of the available research concerning the effect of alcohol intoxication on cognitive functions critical for driving. Databases EBSCOhost, PsycInfo, PubMed, Scopus, Transport Research International Documentation ...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - March 6, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Harriet Garrisson Andrew Scholey Edward Ogden Sarah Benson Source Type: research

The effects of alcohol intoxication on cognitive functions critical for driving: A systematic review
Accid Anal Prev. 2021 Mar 3;154:106052. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106052. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAlcohol is the most frequently detected substance in drivers involved in road traffic collisions. Given that up to 35% of fatal road collisions are alcohol-related, it is important to determine the influence of alcohol intoxication on driving-related skills. This review provides an updated and systematic evaluation of the available research concerning the effect of alcohol intoxication on cognitive functions critical for driving. Databases EBSCOhost, PsycInfo, PubMed, Scopus, Transport Research International Documentation ...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - March 6, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Harriet Garrisson Andrew Scholey Edward Ogden Sarah Benson Source Type: research

Factors associated with consecutive and non-consecutive crashes on freeways: A two-level logistic modeling approach
This study identifies the factors delineating a primary crash that results in secondary crashes within a minute from a regular crash that does not result in any secondary crashes. Random-effects, random-parameter and two-level binary logistic regression models are applied to data collected on 8779 crashes on the freeway network of the Guizhou Province, China in 2018, of which 299 are consecutive crashes. According to the AIC values, the two-level logistic model outperforms the other two models. Rear-end primary crashes have a significant random effect varying across road segments on the occurrence of consecutive crashes. V...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - March 5, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Zhou Zichu Meng Fanyu Song Cancan Tay Richard Guo Zhongyin Yang Lili Wang Weili Source Type: research

Factors associated with consecutive and non-consecutive crashes on freeways: A two-level logistic modeling approach
This study identifies the factors delineating a primary crash that results in secondary crashes within a minute from a regular crash that does not result in any secondary crashes. Random-effects, random-parameter and two-level binary logistic regression models are applied to data collected on 8779 crashes on the freeway network of the Guizhou Province, China in 2018, of which 299 are consecutive crashes. According to the AIC values, the two-level logistic model outperforms the other two models. Rear-end primary crashes have a significant random effect varying across road segments on the occurrence of consecutive crashes. V...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - March 5, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Zhou Zichu Meng Fanyu Song Cancan Tay Richard Guo Zhongyin Yang Lili Wang Weili Source Type: research

The effects of alcohol intoxication on cognitive functions critical for driving: A systematic review
Publication date: May 2021Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 154Author(s): Harriet Garrisson, Andrew Scholey, Edward Ogden, Sarah Benson (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - March 4, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

So much nuance: A qualitative analysis of parental perspectives on child passenger safety
CONCLUSION: From a parent perspective, there are several identified barriers and facilitators of optimal CRS use. Although car seat checks were identified as a resource, in-person accessibility was an issue, and there were mixed opinions on technology-assisted remote car seat checks. These results provide a foundation for additional study on targeted interventions, including remote interventions for which there is an increased need due to the COVID-19 pandemic.PMID:33661063 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1877276 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 4, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Sadiqa Kendi Mary Beth Howard Mohamed A Mohamed Samuel Eaddy James M Chamberlain Source Type: research

Composite performance indicators for helmet and seat-belt enforcement as imprecise data
CONCLUSIONS: Both RSPIs are applicable with slight differences that were in the order of countries and the ease of reading the results. We also found that each method has different strengths and that the FDEA-based CIs method is more accurate and more in line with the inputs than the IDEA-based CIs method.PMID:33661065 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1877277 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 4, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Azdasheer Barhoum Hamid Reza Behnood Source Type: research

Rear-seat occupant demographics in rear impacts: Analysis of NASS-CDS
CONCLUSIONS: The height and weight of a 10-year old and 5th Hybrid III ATD are representative of the average rear-seat occupant involved in rear crashes based on NASS-CDS. Crash tests with a delta V of between 30 and 37 km/h represent the typical collision causing serious-to-fatal injury.PMID:33661075 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2020.1871474 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 4, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Chantal S Parenteau David C Viano Edmund C Lau Source Type: research

Brake response time between male drivers with and without paraplegia: Association between sociodemographic, motor and neurological characteristics
The objective of this study was to compare the brake response time of drivers with paraplegia (who use hand control) with drivers without paraplegia (who use their feet) in a virtual driving simulator brake test. Additionally, we aimed to predict and evaluate the association of virtual brake response time with sociodemographic, motor and cognitive variables.Methods: 40 male adult drivers, with paraplegia (n = 20, mean age 38.1 ± 3.6 years) and without paraplegia (n = 20, mean age 38.0 ± 5.8 years), with valid driver licenses, had their brake response time evaluated in an automatic transmission car simulator. ...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 4, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Sileno Santos Guilherme Carlos Brech Ang élica Castilho Alonso Julia Maria D'Andr éa Greve Source Type: research

Orthopedic injuries associated with use of electric scooters in the UK: A dangerous trend? Case series and review of the literature
CONCLUSION: This case series demonstrates an increasing frequency of significant orthopedic injury associated with e-scooter use treated at our center over the course of two years. This small series highlights an important problem given that this increase has occurred despite electric scooter usage in public spaces being illegal. Legalization might result in further increase in the incidence of injury.PMID:33661080 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1882676 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 4, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: George J M Hourston Albert Ngu James Hopkinson-Woolley Kuldeep St öhr Source Type: research

The association between the score of adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity traits and risky driving behaviors with alcohol intake and narcotics consumption among Iranian motorcyclists
CONCLUSIONS: Considering the potential dangers of driving after AI and NC, appropriate measures should be adopted before certifying a driving license to screen ADHD as a predisposing factor for substance abuse and RDB. Furthermore, it is essential to equip traffic police with adequate diagnosis kits and establish heavy penalties for the offenders. In this regard, all interventions aimed to reduce traffic accidents among motorcycle drivers should be done considering the interrelationship between ADHD, RDB, and substance abuse.PMID:33661079 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1877278 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 4, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Maryam Akabri Yaser Sarikhani Kiana Khatami Arash Ardalan Heidar Safarpour Mohammad Hadi Imanieh Tahereh Ostovar Reza Tabrizi Arash Mani Seyed Taghi Heydari Kamran Bagheri Lankarani Source Type: research

Steering clear: Traffic violations among emerging adults who engage in habitual or casual cannabis use
This study examined the association between habitual or casual cannabis use and past-year traffic violations among emerging adults (EAs). Data come from the 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey-Mental Health. Respondents (n = 5630) were categorized as: early (15-19 y), middle (20-24 y), and late (25-29 y) EAs. Traffic violations were measured using self-report and cannabis use was measured using the WHO Composite International Diagnostic Interview. The prevalence of traffic violations was higher for males (19.2 %) vs females (9.9 %) and middle (16.2 %) and late (19.4 %) EAs vs early (8.8 %) EAs. The odds of reporting traf...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - March 4, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Tiana M Ciccarelli Scott T Leatherdale Chris Perlman Kara Thompson Mark A Ferro Source Type: research

The association between the score of adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity traits and risky driving behaviors with alcohol intake and narcotics consumption among Iranian motorcyclists
CONCLUSIONS: Considering the potential dangers of driving after AI and NC, appropriate measures should be adopted before certifying a driving license to screen ADHD as a predisposing factor for substance abuse and RDB. Furthermore, it is essential to equip traffic police with adequate diagnosis kits and establish heavy penalties for the offenders. In this regard, all interventions aimed to reduce traffic accidents among motorcycle drivers should be done considering the interrelationship between ADHD, RDB, and substance abuse.PMID:33661079 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1877278 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 4, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Maryam Akabri Yaser Sarikhani Kiana Khatami Arash Ardalan Heidar Safarpour Mohammad Hadi Imanieh Tahereh Ostovar Reza Tabrizi Arash Mani Seyed Taghi Heydari Kamran Bagheri Lankarani Source Type: research

Orthopedic injuries associated with use of electric scooters in the UK: A dangerous trend? Case series and review of the literature
CONCLUSION: This case series demonstrates an increasing frequency of significant orthopedic injury associated with e-scooter use treated at our center over the course of two years. This small series highlights an important problem given that this increase has occurred despite electric scooter usage in public spaces being illegal. Legalization might result in further increase in the incidence of injury.PMID:33661080 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1882676 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 4, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: George J M Hourston Albert Ngu James Hopkinson-Woolley Kuldeep St öhr Source Type: research

So much nuance: A qualitative analysis of parental perspectives on child passenger safety
CONCLUSION: From a parent perspective, there are several identified barriers and facilitators of optimal CRS use. Although car seat checks were identified as a resource, in-person accessibility was an issue, and there were mixed opinions on technology-assisted remote car seat checks. These results provide a foundation for additional study on targeted interventions, including remote interventions for which there is an increased need due to the COVID-19 pandemic.PMID:33661063 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1877276 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 4, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Sadiqa Kendi Mary Beth Howard Mohamed A Mohamed Samuel Eaddy James M Chamberlain Source Type: research

Composite performance indicators for helmet and seat-belt enforcement as imprecise data
CONCLUSIONS: Both RSPIs are applicable with slight differences that were in the order of countries and the ease of reading the results. We also found that each method has different strengths and that the FDEA-based CIs method is more accurate and more in line with the inputs than the IDEA-based CIs method.PMID:33661065 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1877277 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 4, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Azdasheer Barhoum Hamid Reza Behnood Source Type: research

Rear-seat occupant demographics in rear impacts: Analysis of NASS-CDS
CONCLUSIONS: The height and weight of a 10-year old and 5th Hybrid III ATD are representative of the average rear-seat occupant involved in rear crashes based on NASS-CDS. Crash tests with a delta V of between 30 and 37 km/h represent the typical collision causing serious-to-fatal injury.PMID:33661075 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2020.1871474 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 4, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Chantal S Parenteau David C Viano Edmund C Lau Source Type: research

Brake response time between male drivers with and without paraplegia: Association between sociodemographic, motor and neurological characteristics
The objective of this study was to compare the brake response time of drivers with paraplegia (who use hand control) with drivers without paraplegia (who use their feet) in a virtual driving simulator brake test. Additionally, we aimed to predict and evaluate the association of virtual brake response time with sociodemographic, motor and cognitive variables.Methods: 40 male adult drivers, with paraplegia (n = 20, mean age 38.1 ± 3.6 years) and without paraplegia (n = 20, mean age 38.0 ± 5.8 years), with valid driver licenses, had their brake response time evaluated in an automatic transmission car simulator. ...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 4, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Sileno Santos Guilherme Carlos Brech Ang élica Castilho Alonso Julia Maria D'Andr éa Greve Source Type: research

So much nuance: A qualitative analysis of parental perspectives on child passenger safety
CONCLUSION: From a parent perspective, there are several identified barriers and facilitators of optimal CRS use. Although car seat checks were identified as a resource, in-person accessibility was an issue, and there were mixed opinions on technology-assisted remote car seat checks. These results provide a foundation for additional study on targeted interventions, including remote interventions for which there is an increased need due to the COVID-19 pandemic.PMID:33661063 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1877276 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 4, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Sadiqa Kendi Mary Beth Howard Mohamed A Mohamed Samuel Eaddy James M Chamberlain Source Type: research

The association between the score of adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity traits and risky driving behaviors with alcohol intake and narcotics consumption among Iranian motorcyclists
CONCLUSIONS: Considering the potential dangers of driving after AI and NC, appropriate measures should be adopted before certifying a driving license to screen ADHD as a predisposing factor for substance abuse and RDB. Furthermore, it is essential to equip traffic police with adequate diagnosis kits and establish heavy penalties for the offenders. In this regard, all interventions aimed to reduce traffic accidents among motorcycle drivers should be done considering the interrelationship between ADHD, RDB, and substance abuse.PMID:33661079 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1877278 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 4, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Maryam Akabri Yaser Sarikhani Kiana Khatami Arash Ardalan Heidar Safarpour Mohammad Hadi Imanieh Tahereh Ostovar Reza Tabrizi Arash Mani Seyed Taghi Heydari Kamran Bagheri Lankarani Source Type: research

Rear-seat occupant demographics in rear impacts: Analysis of NASS-CDS
CONCLUSIONS: The height and weight of a 10-year old and 5th Hybrid III ATD are representative of the average rear-seat occupant involved in rear crashes based on NASS-CDS. Crash tests with a delta V of between 30 and 37 km/h represent the typical collision causing serious-to-fatal injury.PMID:33661075 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2020.1871474 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 4, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Chantal S Parenteau David C Viano Edmund C Lau Source Type: research

Composite performance indicators for helmet and seat-belt enforcement as imprecise data
CONCLUSIONS: Both RSPIs are applicable with slight differences that were in the order of countries and the ease of reading the results. We also found that each method has different strengths and that the FDEA-based CIs method is more accurate and more in line with the inputs than the IDEA-based CIs method.PMID:33661065 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1877277 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 4, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Azdasheer Barhoum Hamid Reza Behnood Source Type: research

Brake response time between male drivers with and without paraplegia: Association between sociodemographic, motor and neurological characteristics
The objective of this study was to compare the brake response time of drivers with paraplegia (who use hand control) with drivers without paraplegia (who use their feet) in a virtual driving simulator brake test. Additionally, we aimed to predict and evaluate the association of virtual brake response time with sociodemographic, motor and cognitive variables.Methods: 40 male adult drivers, with paraplegia (n = 20, mean age 38.1 ± 3.6 years) and without paraplegia (n = 20, mean age 38.0 ± 5.8 years), with valid driver licenses, had their brake response time evaluated in an automatic transmission car simulator. ...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 4, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Sileno Santos Guilherme Carlos Brech Ang élica Castilho Alonso Julia Maria D'Andr éa Greve Source Type: research

Orthopedic injuries associated with use of electric scooters in the UK: A dangerous trend? Case series and review of the literature
CONCLUSION: This case series demonstrates an increasing frequency of significant orthopedic injury associated with e-scooter use treated at our center over the course of two years. This small series highlights an important problem given that this increase has occurred despite electric scooter usage in public spaces being illegal. Legalization might result in further increase in the incidence of injury.PMID:33661080 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1882676 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 4, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: George J M Hourston Albert Ngu James Hopkinson-Woolley Kuldeep St öhr Source Type: research

Brake response time between male drivers with and without paraplegia: Association between sociodemographic, motor and neurological characteristics
The objective of this study was to compare the brake response time of drivers with paraplegia (who use hand control) with drivers without paraplegia (who use their feet) in a virtual driving simulator brake test. Additionally, we aimed to predict and evaluate the association of virtual brake response time with sociodemographic, motor and cognitive variables.Methods: 40 male adult drivers, with paraplegia (n = 20, mean age 38.1 ± 3.6 years) and without paraplegia (n = 20, mean age 38.0 ± 5.8 years), with valid driver licenses, had their brake response time evaluated in an automatic transmission car simulator. ...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 4, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Sileno Santos Guilherme Carlos Brech Ang élica Castilho Alonso Julia Maria D'Andr éa Greve Source Type: research

Orthopedic injuries associated with use of electric scooters in the UK: A dangerous trend? Case series and review of the literature
CONCLUSION: This case series demonstrates an increasing frequency of significant orthopedic injury associated with e-scooter use treated at our center over the course of two years. This small series highlights an important problem given that this increase has occurred despite electric scooter usage in public spaces being illegal. Legalization might result in further increase in the incidence of injury.PMID:33661080 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1882676 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 4, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: George J M Hourston Albert Ngu James Hopkinson-Woolley Kuldeep St öhr Source Type: research

So much nuance: A qualitative analysis of parental perspectives on child passenger safety
CONCLUSION: From a parent perspective, there are several identified barriers and facilitators of optimal CRS use. Although car seat checks were identified as a resource, in-person accessibility was an issue, and there were mixed opinions on technology-assisted remote car seat checks. These results provide a foundation for additional study on targeted interventions, including remote interventions for which there is an increased need due to the COVID-19 pandemic.PMID:33661063 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1877276 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 4, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Sadiqa Kendi Mary Beth Howard Mohamed A Mohamed Samuel Eaddy James M Chamberlain Source Type: research

Composite performance indicators for helmet and seat-belt enforcement as imprecise data
CONCLUSIONS: Both RSPIs are applicable with slight differences that were in the order of countries and the ease of reading the results. We also found that each method has different strengths and that the FDEA-based CIs method is more accurate and more in line with the inputs than the IDEA-based CIs method.PMID:33661065 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1877277 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 4, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Azdasheer Barhoum Hamid Reza Behnood Source Type: research

Rear-seat occupant demographics in rear impacts: Analysis of NASS-CDS
CONCLUSIONS: The height and weight of a 10-year old and 5th Hybrid III ATD are representative of the average rear-seat occupant involved in rear crashes based on NASS-CDS. Crash tests with a delta V of between 30 and 37 km/h represent the typical collision causing serious-to-fatal injury.PMID:33661075 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2020.1871474 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 4, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Chantal S Parenteau David C Viano Edmund C Lau Source Type: research