Individual and contextual factors associated with bicyclist injury severity in traffic incidents between bicyclists and motorists in Chile
Accid Anal Prev. 2021 Mar 12;154:106077. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106077. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBicyclists are vulnerable road users who risk incurring severe injuries from traffic incidents involving motorists. However, the prevalence of severe bicycle injuries varies across countries and is not well-documented in Latin American countries. Studies from developed countries outside of Latin America have shown that individual and contextual factors are associated with severe injuries incurred by bicyclists in road traffic incidents with motorists, but it is not clear whether these factors are the same as those incurre...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - March 15, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Damian Chandia-Poblete Robert L Hill Nicolas Aguilar-Farias Kristiann C Heesch Source Type: research

Self-regulation differences across learner and probationary drivers: The impact on risky driving behaviours
Accid Anal Prev. 2021 Mar 12;154:106064. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106064. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTRisky driving behaviours are a known contributor to young drivers' overrepresentation in road trauma, with self-regulation suggested as an important associated construct, but yet to be extensively explored. The aims of this study were to examine the utility of self-determination theory in explaining risky driving behaviours and to explore differences between young Learner and Provisional (P1)- licensed drivers in regard to their self-regulated safety orientation and engagement in risky driving behaviours. Learners (n = 10...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - March 15, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Natalie Watson-Brown Teresa Senserrick James Freeman Jeremy Davey Bridie Scott-Parker Source Type: research

Individual and contextual factors associated with bicyclist injury severity in traffic incidents between bicyclists and motorists in Chile
Accid Anal Prev. 2021 Mar 13;154:106077. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106077. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBicyclists are vulnerable road users who risk incurring severe injuries from traffic incidents involving motorists. However, the prevalence of severe bicycle injuries varies across countries and is not well-documented in Latin American countries. Studies from developed countries outside of Latin America have shown that individual and contextual factors are associated with severe injuries incurred by bicyclists in road traffic incidents with motorists, but it is not clear whether these factors are the same as those incurre...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - March 15, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Damian Chandia-Poblete Robert L Hill Nicolas Aguilar-Farias Kristiann C Heesch Source Type: research

Self-regulation differences across learner and probationary drivers: The impact on risky driving behaviours
Accid Anal Prev. 2021 Mar 12;154:106064. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106064. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTRisky driving behaviours are a known contributor to young drivers' overrepresentation in road trauma, with self-regulation suggested as an important associated construct, but yet to be extensively explored. The aims of this study were to examine the utility of self-determination theory in explaining risky driving behaviours and to explore differences between young Learner and Provisional (P1)- licensed drivers in regard to their self-regulated safety orientation and engagement in risky driving behaviours. Learners (n = 10...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - March 15, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Natalie Watson-Brown Teresa Senserrick James Freeman Jeremy Davey Bridie Scott-Parker Source Type: research

Individual and contextual factors associated with bicyclist injury severity in traffic incidents between bicyclists and motorists in Chile
Accid Anal Prev. 2021 Mar 13;154:106077. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106077. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBicyclists are vulnerable road users who risk incurring severe injuries from traffic incidents involving motorists. However, the prevalence of severe bicycle injuries varies across countries and is not well-documented in Latin American countries. Studies from developed countries outside of Latin America have shown that individual and contextual factors are associated with severe injuries incurred by bicyclists in road traffic incidents with motorists, but it is not clear whether these factors are the same as those incurre...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - March 15, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Damian Chandia-Poblete Robert L Hill Nicolas Aguilar-Farias Kristiann C Heesch Source Type: research

Temporal analysis of driving efficiency using smartphone data
Accid Anal Prev. 2021 Mar 11;154:106081. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106081. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThis paper attempts to shed light on the temporal evolution of driving safety efficiency with the aim to acquire insights useful for both driving behavior and road safety improvement. Data exploited herein are collected from a sophisticated platform that uses smartphone device sensors during a naturalistic driving experiment, at which the driving behavior from a sample of two hundred (200) drivers during 7-months is continuously recorded in real time. The main driving behavior analytics taken into consideration for the dr...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - March 14, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Dimitrios I Tselentis Eleni I Vlahogianni George Yannis Source Type: research

Individual and contextual factors associated with bicyclist injury severity in traffic incidents between bicyclists and motorists in Chile
Publication date: May 2021Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 154Author(s): Damian Chandia-Poblete, Robert L. Hill, Nicolas Aguilar-Farias, Kristiann C. Heesch (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - March 13, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

An investigation of cyclist passing distances in the Australian Capital Territory
Accid Anal Prev. 2021 Mar 10;154:106075. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106075. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTIn Australia, cycling hospitalisations are increasing and the cycling participation rate is stagnating. In an effort to improve cyclist safety, many Australian jurisdictions have mandated a minimum passing distance that vehicles much provide when overtaking a cyclist on a public road, including the Australian Capital Territory (ACT). However, it is not currently clear how vehicle-cyclist passing distances are affected by various parameters such as the road environment, the vehicles involved, or the speed limit. This natur...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - March 13, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: J R R Mackenzie J K Dutschke G Ponte Source Type: research

Drug presence in driving deaths in Maryland: Comparing trends and prevalence in medical examiner and FARS data
In this study, we compared drug test information for people killed in crashes in Maryland between the FARS system and ME from 2006 - 2018. As ME records are the primary source for the FARS data from Maryland, these two data sets should be closely correlated. We used probabilistic linkage to match FARS and ME cases and compared matched cases by individual drug group. Matching was achieved on 83 % of cases (N = 4803 matched pairs). ME data consistently indicated higher overall incidence and trends in the presence of depressants, narcotics, and stimulants in crash deaths. Sensitivity analysis using both strict and relaxed mat...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - March 13, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Johnathon P Ehsani Jeffrey P Michael Michelle Duren Wendy C Shields Richard P Compton David Fowler Gordon Smith Source Type: research

An investigation of cyclist passing distances in the Australian Capital Territory
Accid Anal Prev. 2021 Mar 11;154:106075. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106075. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTIn Australia, cycling hospitalisations are increasing and the cycling participation rate is stagnating. In an effort to improve cyclist safety, many Australian jurisdictions have mandated a minimum passing distance that vehicles much provide when overtaking a cyclist on a public road, including the Australian Capital Territory (ACT). However, it is not currently clear how vehicle-cyclist passing distances are affected by various parameters such as the road environment, the vehicles involved, or the speed limit. This natur...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - March 13, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: J R R Mackenzie J K Dutschke G Ponte Source Type: research

Drug presence in driving deaths in Maryland: Comparing trends and prevalence in medical examiner and FARS data
In this study, we compared drug test information for people killed in crashes in Maryland between the FARS system and ME from 2006 - 2018. As ME records are the primary source for the FARS data from Maryland, these two data sets should be closely correlated. We used probabilistic linkage to match FARS and ME cases and compared matched cases by individual drug group. Matching was achieved on 83 % of cases (N = 4803 matched pairs). ME data consistently indicated higher overall incidence and trends in the presence of depressants, narcotics, and stimulants in crash deaths. Sensitivity analysis using both strict and relaxed mat...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - March 13, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Johnathon P Ehsani Jeffrey P Michael Michelle Duren Wendy C Shields Richard P Compton David Fowler Gordon Smith Source Type: research

Temporal analysis of driving efficiency using smartphone data
Publication date: May 2021Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 154Author(s): Dimitrios I. Tselentis, Eleni I. Vlahogianni, George Yannis (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - March 12, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Self-regulation differences across learner and probationary drivers: The impact on risky driving behaviours
Publication date: May 2021Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 154Author(s): Natalie Watson-Brown, Teresa Senserrick, James Freeman, Jeremy Davey, Bridie Scott-Parker (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - March 12, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Restraint systems considering occupant diversity and pre-crash posture
CONCLUSIONS: This study investigated the effects of occupant size and shape variability, posture, and restraint design on injury risk for high-speed frontal crashes. More forward initial postures due to active safety features may decrease head, neck, and lower extremity injury risk, but may also increase chest injury risk. Safety concerns observed for large occupants include head strike-through and a conflict between head and chest injuries. Obese occupants had higher knee-thigh-hip injury risk. New restraints that adapt to occupant size and body shape may improve crash safety for all occupants. Further investigation is ne...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 12, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Kyle Boyle Abeselom Fanta Matthew P Reed Kurt Fischer Alex Smith Angelo Adler Jingwen Hu Source Type: research

Analysis of drink-driving behavior: Considering the subjective and objective factors of drivers
CONCLUSIONS: A more nuanced understanding of the influence of drivers to drink-driving behavior can be found in these results. These results about the influence mechanism of subjective and objective factors on drink-driving behavior of this study have implications for governments and other interested bodies for better targeting and delivery of public education campaigns and interventions.PMID:33709857 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1873301 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 12, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Jin Jie-Ling Deng Yuan-Chang Source Type: research

Drug use and pattern of injuries sustained by drivers involved in road traffic crashes
CONCLUSIONS: Substance use, especially methadone, has undoubtedly a significant role in both road traffic crashes and resulted injuries. The high rate of injuries on drivers influenced by methadone in traffic crashes needs to be screened and prevented. It is recommended to not only authoritatively deal with the excessive supply of methadone in the community but also restricting the driving of people receiving methadone treatment.PMID:33709853 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1889528 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 12, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Parisa Divsalar Mehrnoosh Mohammadi Kouros Divsalar Source Type: research

An overview of tram tracks related cycling injuries in Ghent, Belgium
Traffic Inj Prev. 2021 Mar 12:1-9. doi: 10.1080/15389588.2021.1888941. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVE: There is a paucity of data on the incidence and severity of tram tracks related cycling injuries. The aim of this study is to get insight into the incidence, severity and characteristics of tram tracks related cycling injuries, potentially defining significant 'hotspots' in the Ghent city area.METHODS: A one-year, multicenter, prospective, observational study was conducted. Patients presenting to the emergency departments of all 4 Ghent hospitals with tram tracks related cycling injury, were included. Data on pat...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 12, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: P Leune E Steen P De Paepe C Lyphout Source Type: research

Field testing the applicability of motorcycle autonomous emergency braking (MAEB) during pre-crash avoidance maneuver
CONCLUSIONS: MAEB interventions with decelerations up to 0.3 g can be easily managed by motorcycle riders not only in straight-line conditions but also during an avoidance maneuver. Further investigations using higher deceleration values are now possible.PMID:33709844 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1884235 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 12, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Cosimo Lucci Niccol ò Baldanzini Giovanni Savino Source Type: research

Injury risk curves in far-side lateral motor vehicle crashes by AIS level, body region and injury code
The objective of this study was to develop injury risk curves as a function of change in vehicle velocity for occupants in far-side lateral motor vehicle crashes (MVCs) by AIS level, body region, and specific AIS codes that commonly occur in this crash mode.METHODS: The National Automotive Sampling System-Crashworthiness Data System (NASS-CDS) years 2000-2015 database was queried, resulting in 4,495 non-weighted far-side crashes. For each case, occupant age, sex, and the following metadata were collected: vehicle model year, vehicle body type, lateral delta-v, normalized PDOF, multiple impacts, belt use, seat position, obj...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 12, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Zachary S Hostetler Fang-Chi Hsu Ryan Barnard Derek A Jones Matthew L Davis Ashley A Weaver F Scott Gayzik Source Type: research

Crash rates of convertible cars
CONCLUSIONS: Safety concerns associated with convertibles' retractable roof structures were not supported by the results of this study.PMID:33709841 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1888084 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 12, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Eric R Teoh Source Type: research

A visual approach for defining the spatial relationships among crashes, crimes, and alcohol retailers: Applying the color mixing theorem to define the colocation pattern of multiple variables
This study contributes to the literature in three major ways: (1) a new RGB model was established and applied in the field of traffic safety; (2) the variable dimensions were expanded from two to three; and, (3) the dimension of uncertainty was also included. When the new RGB model was utilized with data collected in College Station, Texas, the results indicated that the new colocation map is able to clearly and accurately define colocation hotspots of crashes, crimes, and alcohol retailers. As expected, these hotspots are located in areas with many bars, the largest strip malls and busiest intersections. The intensity map...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - March 12, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Pei-Fen Kuo Dominique Lord Source Type: research

Restraint systems considering occupant diversity and pre-crash posture
CONCLUSIONS: This study investigated the effects of occupant size and shape variability, posture, and restraint design on injury risk for high-speed frontal crashes. More forward initial postures due to active safety features may decrease head, neck, and lower extremity injury risk, but may also increase chest injury risk. Safety concerns observed for large occupants include head strike-through and a conflict between head and chest injuries. Obese occupants had higher knee-thigh-hip injury risk. New restraints that adapt to occupant size and body shape may improve crash safety for all occupants. Further investigation is ne...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 12, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Kyle Boyle Abeselom Fanta Matthew P Reed Kurt Fischer Alex Smith Angelo Adler Jingwen Hu Source Type: research

Analysis of drink-driving behavior: Considering the subjective and objective factors of drivers
CONCLUSIONS: A more nuanced understanding of the influence of drivers to drink-driving behavior can be found in these results. These results about the influence mechanism of subjective and objective factors on drink-driving behavior of this study have implications for governments and other interested bodies for better targeting and delivery of public education campaigns and interventions.PMID:33709857 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1873301 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 12, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Jin Jie-Ling Deng Yuan-Chang Source Type: research

Drug use and pattern of injuries sustained by drivers involved in road traffic crashes
CONCLUSIONS: Substance use, especially methadone, has undoubtedly a significant role in both road traffic crashes and resulted injuries. The high rate of injuries on drivers influenced by methadone in traffic crashes needs to be screened and prevented. It is recommended to not only authoritatively deal with the excessive supply of methadone in the community but also restricting the driving of people receiving methadone treatment.PMID:33709853 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1889528 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 12, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Parisa Divsalar Mehrnoosh Mohammadi Kouros Divsalar Source Type: research

An overview of tram tracks related cycling injuries in Ghent, Belgium
Traffic Inj Prev. 2021 Mar 12:1-9. doi: 10.1080/15389588.2021.1888941. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVE: There is a paucity of data on the incidence and severity of tram tracks related cycling injuries. The aim of this study is to get insight into the incidence, severity and characteristics of tram tracks related cycling injuries, potentially defining significant 'hotspots' in the Ghent city area.METHODS: A one-year, multicenter, prospective, observational study was conducted. Patients presenting to the emergency departments of all 4 Ghent hospitals with tram tracks related cycling injury, were included. Data on pat...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 12, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: P Leune E Steen P De Paepe C Lyphout Source Type: research

Field testing the applicability of motorcycle autonomous emergency braking (MAEB) during pre-crash avoidance maneuver
CONCLUSIONS: MAEB interventions with decelerations up to 0.3 g can be easily managed by motorcycle riders not only in straight-line conditions but also during an avoidance maneuver. Further investigations using higher deceleration values are now possible.PMID:33709844 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1884235 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 12, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Cosimo Lucci Niccol ò Baldanzini Giovanni Savino Source Type: research

Injury risk curves in far-side lateral motor vehicle crashes by AIS level, body region and injury code
The objective of this study was to develop injury risk curves as a function of change in vehicle velocity for occupants in far-side lateral motor vehicle crashes (MVCs) by AIS level, body region, and specific AIS codes that commonly occur in this crash mode.METHODS: The National Automotive Sampling System-Crashworthiness Data System (NASS-CDS) years 2000-2015 database was queried, resulting in 4,495 non-weighted far-side crashes. For each case, occupant age, sex, and the following metadata were collected: vehicle model year, vehicle body type, lateral delta-v, normalized PDOF, multiple impacts, belt use, seat position, obj...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 12, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Zachary S Hostetler Fang-Chi Hsu Ryan Barnard Derek A Jones Matthew L Davis Ashley A Weaver F Scott Gayzik Source Type: research

Crash rates of convertible cars
CONCLUSIONS: Safety concerns associated with convertibles' retractable roof structures were not supported by the results of this study.PMID:33709841 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1888084 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 12, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Eric R Teoh Source Type: research

A visual approach for defining the spatial relationships among crashes, crimes, and alcohol retailers: Applying the color mixing theorem to define the colocation pattern of multiple variables
This study contributes to the literature in three major ways: (1) a new RGB model was established and applied in the field of traffic safety; (2) the variable dimensions were expanded from two to three; and, (3) the dimension of uncertainty was also included. When the new RGB model was utilized with data collected in College Station, Texas, the results indicated that the new colocation map is able to clearly and accurately define colocation hotspots of crashes, crimes, and alcohol retailers. As expected, these hotspots are located in areas with many bars, the largest strip malls and busiest intersections. The intensity map...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - March 12, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Pei-Fen Kuo Dominique Lord Source Type: research

Restraint systems considering occupant diversity and pre-crash posture
CONCLUSIONS: This study investigated the effects of occupant size and shape variability, posture, and restraint design on injury risk for high-speed frontal crashes. More forward initial postures due to active safety features may decrease head, neck, and lower extremity injury risk, but may also increase chest injury risk. Safety concerns observed for large occupants include head strike-through and a conflict between head and chest injuries. Obese occupants had higher knee-thigh-hip injury risk. New restraints that adapt to occupant size and body shape may improve crash safety for all occupants. Further investigation is ne...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 12, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Kyle Boyle Abeselom Fanta Matthew P Reed Kurt Fischer Alex Smith Angelo Adler Jingwen Hu Source Type: research

Analysis of drink-driving behavior: Considering the subjective and objective factors of drivers
CONCLUSIONS: A more nuanced understanding of the influence of drivers to drink-driving behavior can be found in these results. These results about the influence mechanism of subjective and objective factors on drink-driving behavior of this study have implications for governments and other interested bodies for better targeting and delivery of public education campaigns and interventions.PMID:33709857 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1873301 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 12, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Jin Jie-Ling Deng Yuan-Chang Source Type: research

Drug use and pattern of injuries sustained by drivers involved in road traffic crashes
CONCLUSIONS: Substance use, especially methadone, has undoubtedly a significant role in both road traffic crashes and resulted injuries. The high rate of injuries on drivers influenced by methadone in traffic crashes needs to be screened and prevented. It is recommended to not only authoritatively deal with the excessive supply of methadone in the community but also restricting the driving of people receiving methadone treatment.PMID:33709853 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1889528 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 12, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Parisa Divsalar Mehrnoosh Mohammadi Kouros Divsalar Source Type: research

An overview of tram tracks related cycling injuries in Ghent, Belgium
Traffic Inj Prev. 2021 Mar 12:1-9. doi: 10.1080/15389588.2021.1888941. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVE: There is a paucity of data on the incidence and severity of tram tracks related cycling injuries. The aim of this study is to get insight into the incidence, severity and characteristics of tram tracks related cycling injuries, potentially defining significant 'hotspots' in the Ghent city area.METHODS: A one-year, multicenter, prospective, observational study was conducted. Patients presenting to the emergency departments of all 4 Ghent hospitals with tram tracks related cycling injury, were included. Data on pat...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 12, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: P Leune E Steen P De Paepe C Lyphout Source Type: research

Field testing the applicability of motorcycle autonomous emergency braking (MAEB) during pre-crash avoidance maneuver
CONCLUSIONS: MAEB interventions with decelerations up to 0.3 g can be easily managed by motorcycle riders not only in straight-line conditions but also during an avoidance maneuver. Further investigations using higher deceleration values are now possible.PMID:33709844 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1884235 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 12, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Cosimo Lucci Niccol ò Baldanzini Giovanni Savino Source Type: research

Injury risk curves in far-side lateral motor vehicle crashes by AIS level, body region and injury code
The objective of this study was to develop injury risk curves as a function of change in vehicle velocity for occupants in far-side lateral motor vehicle crashes (MVCs) by AIS level, body region, and specific AIS codes that commonly occur in this crash mode.METHODS: The National Automotive Sampling System-Crashworthiness Data System (NASS-CDS) years 2000-2015 database was queried, resulting in 4,495 non-weighted far-side crashes. For each case, occupant age, sex, and the following metadata were collected: vehicle model year, vehicle body type, lateral delta-v, normalized PDOF, multiple impacts, belt use, seat position, obj...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 12, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Zachary S Hostetler Fang-Chi Hsu Ryan Barnard Derek A Jones Matthew L Davis Ashley A Weaver F Scott Gayzik Source Type: research

Crash rates of convertible cars
CONCLUSIONS: Safety concerns associated with convertibles' retractable roof structures were not supported by the results of this study.PMID:33709841 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1888084 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 12, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Eric R Teoh Source Type: research

Restraint systems considering occupant diversity and pre-crash posture
CONCLUSIONS: This study investigated the effects of occupant size and shape variability, posture, and restraint design on injury risk for high-speed frontal crashes. More forward initial postures due to active safety features may decrease head, neck, and lower extremity injury risk, but may also increase chest injury risk. Safety concerns observed for large occupants include head strike-through and a conflict between head and chest injuries. Obese occupants had higher knee-thigh-hip injury risk. New restraints that adapt to occupant size and body shape may improve crash safety for all occupants. Further investigation is ne...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 12, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Kyle Boyle Abeselom Fanta Matthew P Reed Kurt Fischer Alex Smith Angelo Adler Jingwen Hu Source Type: research

Analysis of drink-driving behavior: Considering the subjective and objective factors of drivers
CONCLUSIONS: A more nuanced understanding of the influence of drivers to drink-driving behavior can be found in these results. These results about the influence mechanism of subjective and objective factors on drink-driving behavior of this study have implications for governments and other interested bodies for better targeting and delivery of public education campaigns and interventions.PMID:33709857 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1873301 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 12, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Jin Jie-Ling Deng Yuan-Chang Source Type: research

Drug use and pattern of injuries sustained by drivers involved in road traffic crashes
CONCLUSIONS: Substance use, especially methadone, has undoubtedly a significant role in both road traffic crashes and resulted injuries. The high rate of injuries on drivers influenced by methadone in traffic crashes needs to be screened and prevented. It is recommended to not only authoritatively deal with the excessive supply of methadone in the community but also restricting the driving of people receiving methadone treatment.PMID:33709853 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1889528 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 12, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Parisa Divsalar Mehrnoosh Mohammadi Kouros Divsalar Source Type: research

An overview of tram tracks related cycling injuries in Ghent, Belgium
Traffic Inj Prev. 2021 Mar 12:1-9. doi: 10.1080/15389588.2021.1888941. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVE: There is a paucity of data on the incidence and severity of tram tracks related cycling injuries. The aim of this study is to get insight into the incidence, severity and characteristics of tram tracks related cycling injuries, potentially defining significant 'hotspots' in the Ghent city area.METHODS: A one-year, multicenter, prospective, observational study was conducted. Patients presenting to the emergency departments of all 4 Ghent hospitals with tram tracks related cycling injury, were included. Data on pat...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 12, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: P Leune E Steen P De Paepe C Lyphout Source Type: research

Field testing the applicability of motorcycle autonomous emergency braking (MAEB) during pre-crash avoidance maneuver
CONCLUSIONS: MAEB interventions with decelerations up to 0.3 g can be easily managed by motorcycle riders not only in straight-line conditions but also during an avoidance maneuver. Further investigations using higher deceleration values are now possible.PMID:33709844 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1884235 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 12, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Cosimo Lucci Niccol ò Baldanzini Giovanni Savino Source Type: research

Injury risk curves in far-side lateral motor vehicle crashes by AIS level, body region and injury code
The objective of this study was to develop injury risk curves as a function of change in vehicle velocity for occupants in far-side lateral motor vehicle crashes (MVCs) by AIS level, body region, and specific AIS codes that commonly occur in this crash mode.METHODS: The National Automotive Sampling System-Crashworthiness Data System (NASS-CDS) years 2000-2015 database was queried, resulting in 4,495 non-weighted far-side crashes. For each case, occupant age, sex, and the following metadata were collected: vehicle model year, vehicle body type, lateral delta-v, normalized PDOF, multiple impacts, belt use, seat position, obj...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 12, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Zachary S Hostetler Fang-Chi Hsu Ryan Barnard Derek A Jones Matthew L Davis Ashley A Weaver F Scott Gayzik Source Type: research

Crash rates of convertible cars
CONCLUSIONS: Safety concerns associated with convertibles' retractable roof structures were not supported by the results of this study.PMID:33709841 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1888084 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 12, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Eric R Teoh Source Type: research

Drug presence in driving deaths in Maryland: Comparing trends and prevalence in medical examiner and FARS data
Publication date: May 2021Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 154Author(s): Johnathon P. Ehsani, Jeffrey P. Michael, Michelle Duren, Wendy C. Shields, Richard P. Compton, David Fowler, Gordon Smith (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - March 11, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

An investigation of cyclist passing distances in the Australian Capital Territory
Publication date: May 2021Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 154Author(s): J.R.R Mackenzie, J.K. Dutschke, G. Ponte (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - March 11, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: April 2021Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 153Author(s): (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - March 11, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Reasonable driving speed limits based on recognition time in a dynamic low-visibility environment related to fog-A driving simulator study
Accid Anal Prev. 2021 Mar 8;154:106060. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106060. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTTo determine a reasonable speed limit and ensure traffic safety in a dynamic low-visibility environment with fog, a driving simulator study was conducted. A total of 31 young participants were recruited, and each completed 5 driving simulator trials under varying visibility conditions and speed levels during the daytime. The combined coupling effect of the visibility and driving speed on drivers' recognition times was explored, and a quantitative model of the recognition time, visibility, and driving speed was established....
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - March 11, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Kun Wang Weihua Zhang Zhongxiang Feng Haiyang Yu Cheng Wang Source Type: research

A visual approach for defining the spatial relationships among crashes, crimes, and alcohol retailers: Applying the color mixing theorem to define the colocation pattern of multiple variables
Publication date: May 2021Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 154Author(s): Pei-Fen Kuo, Dominique Lord (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - March 10, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Evaluating disparities in child occupant protection using a proportion-eliminated approach to mediation
CONCLUSION: A proportion-eliminated approach to mediation may be particularly useful in child passenger safety research aiming to inform the development of interventions tailored for racial minority populations.PMID:33688773 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1885652 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 10, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Emma B Sartin D Leann Long Catherine C McDonald Despina Stavrinos Olivio J Clay Jessica H Mirman Source Type: research

Driving errors that predict simulated rear-end collisions in drivers with multiple sclerosis
This study examines whether adjustment to stimuli errors can detect the occurrence of collisions in a driving simulator in drivers with MS.METHODS: As part of a quasi-experiment, 38 participants with MS and 21 participants without MS completed visual-cognitive and driving simulator assessments, which also recorded their adjustment to stimuli maneuvers. We quantified participants' adjustment to stimuli maneuvers via initial pedal reaction time (seconds), time to collision (seconds), mean speed (meters per second), and the occurrence of rear-end collisions (collide vs. did not collide) when a simulated vehicle cut across the...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 10, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Sarah Krasniuk Sherrilene Classen Sarah A Morrow Source Type: research