Consumer usability of flexible vs. rigid lower anchor hardware in infant child restraint system (CRS) installations
CONCLUSIONS: The rigid LA system was preferred by this group of consumers for installation of the base of infant CRS. The lower rate of installation errors suggests that rigid LA may help reduce the reported high rates of incorrect LA installation in vehicles in the US.PMID:35775879 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2022.2089663 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - July 1, 2022 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Julie A Mansfield Source Type: research

A study of the factors affecting driving risk perception using the Bivariate Ordered Probit model
Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot. 2022 Jun 30:1-13. doi: 10.1080/17457300.2022.2090579. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThis paper aims to examine the key factors influencing driving risk perception in Iran. We conducted separate surveys for two groups of Iranian drivers, namely passenger car drivers and truck drivers. In order to assess driving risk perception, respondents were asked what they think about their Probability of Having a Road Accident (PHRA) and if they eventually have an accident as a driver, what they think about the Probability of it being Fatal or causing Severe Injury (PFSI). A Bivariate Ordered Probit model, w...
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - June 30, 2022 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Sina Sahebi Habibollah Nassiri Hossein Naderi Source Type: research

The effect of Rear-End collisions on triaxial acceleration to occupant cervical and lumbar Spines: An analysis of IIHS data
Accid Anal Prev. 2022 Jun 27;174:106761. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2022.106761. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTRear-end impacts are the most frequent type of the more than seven million motor vehicle collisions (MVCs) occurring annually in the United States. The cervical and lumbar spine are the most commonly injured sites as a result of rear-end collisions. The direction and magnitude of accelerations and forces to the spine are considered primary indicators of injury. Yet, there is a dearth of research regarding the relation and quantification of vehicle to occupant accelerations, as well as triaxial acceleration components (and...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - June 30, 2022 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Caitlin H McCleery Manon Limousis-Gayda Eloy Rubio Matthew Sie Rami Hashish Source Type: research

Improving the safety relevance of automatic emergency braking testing programs: An examination of common characteristics of police-reported rear-end crashes in the United States
CONCLUSION: Circumstances shown to diminish AEB effectiveness accounted for 14% of rear-end crashes, and scenarios currently used to evaluate AEB systems accounted for 3%. Evaluating AEB systems at speeds up to 72 km/h (45 mph) and incorporating a motorcycle or medium/heavy truck target will make AEB evaluations more representative of police-reported rear-end crashes.PMID:35767826 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2022.2090544 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 29, 2022 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: David G Kidd Source Type: research

Improving the safety relevance of automatic emergency braking testing programs: An examination of common characteristics of police-reported rear-end crashes in the United States
CONCLUSION: Circumstances shown to diminish AEB effectiveness accounted for 14% of rear-end crashes, and scenarios currently used to evaluate AEB systems accounted for 3%. Evaluating AEB systems at speeds up to 72 km/h (45 mph) and incorporating a motorcycle or medium/heavy truck target will make AEB evaluations more representative of police-reported rear-end crashes.PMID:35767826 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2022.2090544 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 29, 2022 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: David G Kidd Source Type: research

The effect of different mobile uses on crash frequency among young drivers: application of statistical models and clustering analysis
This study focuses on investigating the use of mobile phones among young drivers by employing an online questionnaire survey data. Ordinal logistic regression model was used for modelling the probabilities of crashes due to different uses of mobile phone while driving. Moreover, binary logistic regression models were used for predicting the probabilities of different uses of mobile phone. Logistic regression models revealed that texting and internet use have the same likelihood of causing crashes. Drivers having prior experience of being fined for mobile phone use, also showed a higher tendency to be involved in 2 crashes....
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - June 28, 2022 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Uneb Gazder Yusuf Almalki Md Shah Alam Md Arifuzzaman Source Type: research

Causal mediation analysis of the impacts of distracted driving on crash injury risks
Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot. 2022 Jun 28:1-10. doi: 10.1080/17457300.2022.2090580. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTDistracted driving can pose great risks to road traffic safety. Although there is a rich body of literature devoted to identifying the statistical association between distracted driving and crash risks, few are available to examine the causal effect mechanism of distracted driving. Thus, the study attempts to conduct the causal mediation analysis to reveal the impact mechanism of distracted driving on crash injury risks, in which various hazardous driving actions are used as the mediators between driver distracti...
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - June 28, 2022 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Guopeng Zhang Ying Cai Xinguo Jiang Tangwei Yao Yingfei Fan Source Type: research

The effect of different mobile uses on crash frequency among young drivers: application of statistical models and clustering analysis
This study focuses on investigating the use of mobile phones among young drivers by employing an online questionnaire survey data. Ordinal logistic regression model was used for modelling the probabilities of crashes due to different uses of mobile phone while driving. Moreover, binary logistic regression models were used for predicting the probabilities of different uses of mobile phone. Logistic regression models revealed that texting and internet use have the same likelihood of causing crashes. Drivers having prior experience of being fined for mobile phone use, also showed a higher tendency to be involved in 2 crashes....
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - June 28, 2022 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Uneb Gazder Yusuf Almalki Md Shah Alam Md Arifuzzaman Source Type: research

Analysis and prediction models for operating speed of vehicles in expressway superlong tunnels based on geometric and traffic related parameters
CONCLUSIONS: The influence of geometric parameters on vehicle operating speed in super long tunnels differs from that observed in non-tunnel roadways. The effects of the preceding or subsequent curve radius (Rb or Ra) of the tangent section, curvature (1/R), and curve degree (DC) are not important in this case. Furthermore, we find that the influence of the posted speed limit (PSL) is closely related to the driving scene and safety awareness of drivers. These findings can improve the design and joint evaluation of tunnel geometric parameters and traffic safety.PMID:35748658 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2022.2087874 (Source: Traf...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 24, 2022 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Yao Xiao Bo Liang Kai Chen Source Type: research

Analysis and prediction models for operating speed of vehicles in expressway superlong tunnels based on geometric and traffic related parameters
CONCLUSIONS: The influence of geometric parameters on vehicle operating speed in super long tunnels differs from that observed in non-tunnel roadways. The effects of the preceding or subsequent curve radius (Rb or Ra) of the tangent section, curvature (1/R), and curve degree (DC) are not important in this case. Furthermore, we find that the influence of the posted speed limit (PSL) is closely related to the driving scene and safety awareness of drivers. These findings can improve the design and joint evaluation of tunnel geometric parameters and traffic safety.PMID:35748658 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2022.2087874 (Source: Traf...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 24, 2022 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Yao Xiao Bo Liang Kai Chen Source Type: research

Analysis and prediction models for operating speed of vehicles in expressway superlong tunnels based on geometric and traffic related parameters
CONCLUSIONS: The influence of geometric parameters on vehicle operating speed in super long tunnels differs from that observed in non-tunnel roadways. The effects of the preceding or subsequent curve radius (Rb or Ra) of the tangent section, curvature (1/R), and curve degree (DC) are not important in this case. Furthermore, we find that the influence of the posted speed limit (PSL) is closely related to the driving scene and safety awareness of drivers. These findings can improve the design and joint evaluation of tunnel geometric parameters and traffic safety.PMID:35748658 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2022.2087874 (Source: Traf...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 24, 2022 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Yao Xiao Bo Liang Kai Chen Source Type: research

Analysis and prediction models for operating speed of vehicles in expressway superlong tunnels based on geometric and traffic related parameters
CONCLUSIONS: The influence of geometric parameters on vehicle operating speed in super long tunnels differs from that observed in non-tunnel roadways. The effects of the preceding or subsequent curve radius (Rb or Ra) of the tangent section, curvature (1/R), and curve degree (DC) are not important in this case. Furthermore, we find that the influence of the posted speed limit (PSL) is closely related to the driving scene and safety awareness of drivers. These findings can improve the design and joint evaluation of tunnel geometric parameters and traffic safety.PMID:35748658 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2022.2087874 (Source: Traf...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - June 24, 2022 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Yao Xiao Bo Liang Kai Chen Source Type: research

Development of crash prediction models by assessing the role of perpetrators and victims: a comparison of ANN & amp; logistic model using historical crash data
Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot. 2022 Jun 22:1-17. doi: 10.1080/17457300.2022.2089899. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTRoad traffic injuries cost countries 3% of their annual GDP. In developing countries like India, every year around 150,000 people die on roads. The type of vehicles involved in a crash contribute majorly to the outcome of casualty (injury/death). Barring few studies, literature are less regarding the role of vehicle as perpetrator and victim on road crash fatalities. Historical crash data has been used in the present study to examine the role of vehicles (both as perpetrator & victim). The study reveals that ...
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - June 22, 2022 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Malaya Mohanty Rachita Panda Srinivasa Rao Gandupalli Didriksha Sonowal Muskan Muskan Riya Chakraborty Mukund R Dangeti Source Type: research