Violence and non-fatal injuries among Vietnamese in-school adolescents: national prevalence estimates and associated factors
Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot. 2021 Sep 21:1-10. doi: 10.1080/17457300.2021.1979046. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTSchool violence and injury are major public health problems worldwide. The data of this study were from the Viet Nam Global School-based Student Health Survey (GSHS) - a nationally representative survey conducted in 2019, with a sample size of 7690 students aged 13-17 years old. We found the prevalence of violence and non-fatal injury to be 14.5% and 21.4%, respectively. Factors related to higher odds of violence and non-fatal injuries in both sexes included smoking cigarettes, drinking alcohol, having mental hea...
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - September 22, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Phuong-Anh Le Van Minh Hoang Thi Tuyet Hanh Tran Quynh Long Khuong Momoe Takeuchi Tuan Lam Nguyen Thi Quynh Nga Pham Van Tuan Le Quoc Bao Tran Kidong Park Source Type: research

Fuel prices and road deaths: Motorcyclists are different
This study estimates the effect of gasoline prices on road deaths by vehicle mode using annual data for 62 countries for 2000-2018 and all states of the United States (US) for 1998-2018. Higher gasoline prices are associated with fewer overall road deaths. The proportional effect on motorcyclist deaths tends to be smaller or even have the opposite sign, especially in countries that are not highly dependent on motorcycles. For the US, a positive effect of gasoline prices on motorcyclist deaths is found, with an elasticity of about 0.3. There is also a positive relationship between gasoline prices and motorcycle registration...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - September 21, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Tong Zhang Paul J Burke Source Type: research

Driver behavior and performances on in-vehicle display based speed compliance
Accid Anal Prev. 2021 Sep 18;162:106390. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106390. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTTraffic safety, and the inherent risks associated with speeding, continue to remain a national priority. Advances in both roadway and vehicle technology have created potential mechanisms to mitigate speeding behaviors. This driving simulator study evaluated the effects of alternative ways to increase driver safety by investigating the characteristics of specific driving cues and drivers' response rates to those cues. The study builds upon existing approaches to symbolically deliver Traffic Control Devices (TCDs), specific...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - September 21, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Aamani Ramanathan Parthasarthy Shashank Mehrotra Cole Fitzpatrick Shannon Roberts Eleni Christofa Michael Knodler Source Type: research

Fuel prices and road deaths: Motorcyclists are different
This study estimates the effect of gasoline prices on road deaths by vehicle mode using annual data for 62 countries for 2000-2018 and all states of the United States (US) for 1998-2018. Higher gasoline prices are associated with fewer overall road deaths. The proportional effect on motorcyclist deaths tends to be smaller or even have the opposite sign, especially in countries that are not highly dependent on motorcycles. For the US, a positive effect of gasoline prices on motorcyclist deaths is found, with an elasticity of about 0.3. There is also a positive relationship between gasoline prices and motorcycle registration...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - September 21, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Tong Zhang Paul J Burke Source Type: research

Driver behavior and performances on in-vehicle display based speed compliance
Accid Anal Prev. 2021 Sep 18;162:106390. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106390. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTTraffic safety, and the inherent risks associated with speeding, continue to remain a national priority. Advances in both roadway and vehicle technology have created potential mechanisms to mitigate speeding behaviors. This driving simulator study evaluated the effects of alternative ways to increase driver safety by investigating the characteristics of specific driving cues and drivers' response rates to those cues. The study builds upon existing approaches to symbolically deliver Traffic Control Devices (TCDs), specific...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - September 21, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Aamani Ramanathan Parthasarthy Shashank Mehrotra Cole Fitzpatrick Shannon Roberts Eleni Christofa Michael Knodler Source Type: research

Spatio-temporal patterns in pedestrian crashes and their determining factors: Application of a space-time cube analysis model
This study also indicates that illegal parking poses a threat to pedestrian safety. Lastly, this study confirms some positive impacts of redeveloped or newly developed areas and pedestrian environment enhancement projects on pedestrian safety.PMID:34543783 | DOI:10.1016/j.aap.2021.106291 (Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention.)
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - September 20, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Junho Yoon Sugie Lee Source Type: research

Retaliatory aggressive driving: A justice perspective
Accid Anal Prev. 2021 Sep 15;162:106393. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106393. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTDriving anger and roadway aggression have previously been conceptualized using attributional theory, the theory of planned behavior, and the general aggression model (GAM) framework. The current study builds on these findings, testing the applicability of the attribution-of-blame model of perceptions of injustice and expanding existing models of retaliatory driving aggression to include unjust world beliefs and sensitivity to injustice. A sample of 269 participants from a large urban Canadian university viewed five animat...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - September 18, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: James E W Roseborough Christine M Wickens David L Wiesenthal Source Type: research

Retaliatory aggressive driving: A justice perspective
Accid Anal Prev. 2021 Sep 15;162:106393. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106393. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTDriving anger and roadway aggression have previously been conceptualized using attributional theory, the theory of planned behavior, and the general aggression model (GAM) framework. The current study builds on these findings, testing the applicability of the attribution-of-blame model of perceptions of injustice and expanding existing models of retaliatory driving aggression to include unjust world beliefs and sensitivity to injustice. A sample of 269 participants from a large urban Canadian university viewed five animat...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - September 18, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: James E W Roseborough Christine M Wickens David L Wiesenthal Source Type: research

Domestic violence against Latin American women and female mental health during the new coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) outbreak
Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot. 2021 Sep 17:1-4. doi: 10.1080/17457300.2021.1978101. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTWe aimed to discuss the impact of the coronavirus pandemic on the VAW scenario and how it affects women's mental health. The short communication from secondary data collected from the official websites of seven countries in Latin America was performed. The sample was non-probabilistic, for convenience. The collection took place in January 2021. During the COVID-19 pandemic, the increased contact of the victim with the aggressor (if he/she is the spouse), deepening of economic disparities, stressful environment, an...
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - September 17, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Jucier Gon çalves Júnior Maria Andrezza Gomes Maia Jorge Lucas de Sousa Moreira Hiorrana Sousa Dias Esther Barbosa F élix S ávio Samuel Feitosa Machado Source Type: research

Evaluation of static belt fit and belt torso contact for children on belt-positioning booster seats
Conclusions: This is the first study to evaluate belt gap characteristics for BPB-seated children. Results suggest that belt fit and belt gap are influenced by BPB design, particularly lower shoulder belt routings, and may have implications for belt engagement during dynamic events.PMID:34528844 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1967337 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - September 16, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Gretchen H Baker Julie A Mansfield Randee L Hunter John H Bolte Source Type: research

Malignant mixes: The overlap of motor vehicle crashes and crime in Stockholm, Sweden
Accid Anal Prev. 2021 Sep 13;161:106361. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106361. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTPlaces that concentrate both motor vehicle crashes and crime in Stockholm, Sweden were examined for common socio-economic, land use, and neighborhood characteristics. Using vehicle crash (N = 3,700) and non-traffic crime (N = 605,052) data from 2016 to 2018, hot spots of these two sets of events and their overlap were identified. Crash hot spots captured 14% of the crashes in only 0.5% of Stockholm's area while crime hot spots captured 27% of the recorded offences in less than 1% of the area. There was overlap in these ho...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - September 16, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Ned Levine Vania Ceccato Source Type: research

Evaluation of static belt fit and belt torso contact for children on belt-positioning booster seats
Conclusions: This is the first study to evaluate belt gap characteristics for BPB-seated children. Results suggest that belt fit and belt gap are influenced by BPB design, particularly lower shoulder belt routings, and may have implications for belt engagement during dynamic events.PMID:34528844 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1967337 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - September 16, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Gretchen H Baker Julie A Mansfield Randee L Hunter John H Bolte Source Type: research

Evaluation of static belt fit and belt torso contact for children on belt-positioning booster seats
Conclusions: This is the first study to evaluate belt gap characteristics for BPB-seated children. Results suggest that belt fit and belt gap are influenced by BPB design, particularly lower shoulder belt routings, and may have implications for belt engagement during dynamic events.PMID:34528844 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1967337 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - September 16, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Gretchen H Baker Julie A Mansfield Randee L Hunter John H Bolte Source Type: research

Analysis of the impact of COVID-19 on collisions, fatalities and injuries using time series forecasting: The case of Greece
Accid Anal Prev. 2021 Sep 4;162:106391. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106391. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe current study aims to investigate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on road traffic collisions, fatalities, and injuries using time series analyses. To that aim, a database containing road collisions, fatalities, and slight injuries data from Greece were derived from the Hellenic Statistical Authority (HSA) and covered a ten-year timeframe (from January 2010 to August 2020. The chosen time period contained normal operations, as well as the period of the first COVID-19-induced lockdown period in Greece. Three differen...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - September 15, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Marios Sekadakis Christos Katrakazas Eva Michelaraki Fotini Kehagia George Yannis Source Type: research

Analysis of the impact of COVID-19 on collisions, fatalities and injuries using time series forecasting: The case of Greece
Accid Anal Prev. 2021 Sep 4;162:106391. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106391. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe current study aims to investigate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on road traffic collisions, fatalities, and injuries using time series analyses. To that aim, a database containing road collisions, fatalities, and slight injuries data from Greece were derived from the Hellenic Statistical Authority (HSA) and covered a ten-year timeframe (from January 2010 to August 2020. The chosen time period contained normal operations, as well as the period of the first COVID-19-induced lockdown period in Greece. Three differen...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - September 15, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Marios Sekadakis Christos Katrakazas Eva Michelaraki Fotini Kehagia George Yannis Source Type: research

Analysis of the impact of COVID-19 on collisions, fatalities and injuries using time series forecasting: The case of Greece
Accid Anal Prev. 2021 Sep 4;162:106391. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106391. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe current study aims to investigate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on road traffic collisions, fatalities, and injuries using time series analyses. To that aim, a database containing road collisions, fatalities, and slight injuries data from Greece were derived from the Hellenic Statistical Authority (HSA) and covered a ten-year timeframe (from January 2010 to August 2020. The chosen time period contained normal operations, as well as the period of the first COVID-19-induced lockdown period in Greece. Three differen...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - September 15, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Marios Sekadakis Christos Katrakazas Eva Michelaraki Fotini Kehagia George Yannis Source Type: research

Analysis of the impact of COVID-19 on collisions, fatalities and injuries using time series forecasting: The case of Greece
Accid Anal Prev. 2021 Sep 4;162:106391. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106391. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe current study aims to investigate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on road traffic collisions, fatalities, and injuries using time series analyses. To that aim, a database containing road collisions, fatalities, and slight injuries data from Greece were derived from the Hellenic Statistical Authority (HSA) and covered a ten-year timeframe (from January 2010 to August 2020. The chosen time period contained normal operations, as well as the period of the first COVID-19-induced lockdown period in Greece. Three differen...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - September 15, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Marios Sekadakis Christos Katrakazas Eva Michelaraki Fotini Kehagia George Yannis Source Type: research

Assessment of commercial truck driver injury severity based on truck configuration along a mountainous roadway using hierarchical Bayesian random intercept approach
Accid Anal Prev. 2021 Sep 9;162:106392. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106392. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTFor the last decade, disaggregate modeling approach has been frequently practiced to analyze truck-involved crash injury severity. This included truck-involved crashes based on single and multi-vehicles, rural and urban locations, time of day variations, roadway classification, lighting, and weather conditions. However, analyzing commercial truck driver injury severity based on truck configuration is still missing. This paper aims to fill this knowledge gap by undertaking an extensive assessment of truck driver injury seve...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - September 12, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Muhammad Tahmidul Haq Milan Zlatkovic Khaled Ksaibati Source Type: research

Assessment of commercial truck driver injury severity based on truck configuration along a mountainous roadway using hierarchical Bayesian random intercept approach
Accid Anal Prev. 2021 Sep 9;162:106392. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106392. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTFor the last decade, disaggregate modeling approach has been frequently practiced to analyze truck-involved crash injury severity. This included truck-involved crashes based on single and multi-vehicles, rural and urban locations, time of day variations, roadway classification, lighting, and weather conditions. However, analyzing commercial truck driver injury severity based on truck configuration is still missing. This paper aims to fill this knowledge gap by undertaking an extensive assessment of truck driver injury seve...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - September 12, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Muhammad Tahmidul Haq Milan Zlatkovic Khaled Ksaibati Source Type: research

Assessment of commercial truck driver injury severity based on truck configuration along a mountainous roadway using hierarchical Bayesian random intercept approach
Accid Anal Prev. 2021 Sep 9;162:106392. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106392. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTFor the last decade, disaggregate modeling approach has been frequently practiced to analyze truck-involved crash injury severity. This included truck-involved crashes based on single and multi-vehicles, rural and urban locations, time of day variations, roadway classification, lighting, and weather conditions. However, analyzing commercial truck driver injury severity based on truck configuration is still missing. This paper aims to fill this knowledge gap by undertaking an extensive assessment of truck driver injury seve...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - September 12, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Muhammad Tahmidul Haq Milan Zlatkovic Khaled Ksaibati Source Type: research

Effects of non-driving related tasks on readiness to take over control in conditionally automated driving
CONCLUSIONS: In conditionally automated driving, the arrow task and SuRT imposed a similar workload on readiness to take over control. Compared to the everyday task, the engagement in the arrow tasks consumed more workload on readiness to take over control.PMID:34495787 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1969373 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - September 8, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Qing-Feng Lin Yang Lyu Ke-Fei Zhang Xiao-Wei Ma Source Type: research

The rider behavior questionnaire to explore associations of motorcycle taxi crashes in Cartagena (Colombia)
CONCLUSIONS: The study showed recent results considering behavioral, exposure, and operational conditions in a group of motorcycle taxi riders. The study recommends some practical implications for the well-being of motorcyclists and road safety.PMID:34495788 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1970749 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - September 8, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Holman Ospina-Mateus Leonardo Quintana Jim énez Francisco J L ópez-Valdés Source Type: research

Effects of non-driving related tasks on readiness to take over control in conditionally automated driving
CONCLUSIONS: In conditionally automated driving, the arrow task and SuRT imposed a similar workload on readiness to take over control. Compared to the everyday task, the engagement in the arrow tasks consumed more workload on readiness to take over control.PMID:34495787 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1969373 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - September 8, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Qing-Feng Lin Yang Lyu Ke-Fei Zhang Xiao-Wei Ma Source Type: research

The rider behavior questionnaire to explore associations of motorcycle taxi crashes in Cartagena (Colombia)
CONCLUSIONS: The study showed recent results considering behavioral, exposure, and operational conditions in a group of motorcycle taxi riders. The study recommends some practical implications for the well-being of motorcyclists and road safety.PMID:34495788 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1970749 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - September 8, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Holman Ospina-Mateus Leonardo Quintana Jim énez Francisco J L ópez-Valdés Source Type: research

Effects of non-driving related tasks on readiness to take over control in conditionally automated driving
CONCLUSIONS: In conditionally automated driving, the arrow task and SuRT imposed a similar workload on readiness to take over control. Compared to the everyday task, the engagement in the arrow tasks consumed more workload on readiness to take over control.PMID:34495787 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1969373 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - September 8, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Qing-Feng Lin Yang Lyu Ke-Fei Zhang Xiao-Wei Ma Source Type: research

The rider behavior questionnaire to explore associations of motorcycle taxi crashes in Cartagena (Colombia)
CONCLUSIONS: The study showed recent results considering behavioral, exposure, and operational conditions in a group of motorcycle taxi riders. The study recommends some practical implications for the well-being of motorcyclists and road safety.PMID:34495788 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1970749 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - September 8, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Holman Ospina-Mateus Leonardo Quintana Jim énez Francisco J L ópez-Valdés Source Type: research

The rider behavior questionnaire to explore associations of motorcycle taxi crashes in Cartagena (Colombia)
CONCLUSIONS: The study showed recent results considering behavioral, exposure, and operational conditions in a group of motorcycle taxi riders. The study recommends some practical implications for the well-being of motorcyclists and road safety.PMID:34495788 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1970749 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - September 8, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Holman Ospina-Mateus Leonardo Quintana Jim énez Francisco J L ópez-Valdés Source Type: research

Effects of non-driving related tasks on readiness to take over control in conditionally automated driving
CONCLUSIONS: In conditionally automated driving, the arrow task and SuRT imposed a similar workload on readiness to take over control. Compared to the everyday task, the engagement in the arrow tasks consumed more workload on readiness to take over control.PMID:34495787 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1969373 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - September 8, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Qing-Feng Lin Yang Lyu Ke-Fei Zhang Xiao-Wei Ma Source Type: research

The rider behavior questionnaire to explore associations of motorcycle taxi crashes in Cartagena (Colombia)
CONCLUSIONS: The study showed recent results considering behavioral, exposure, and operational conditions in a group of motorcycle taxi riders. The study recommends some practical implications for the well-being of motorcyclists and road safety.PMID:34495788 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1970749 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - September 8, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Holman Ospina-Mateus Leonardo Quintana Jim énez Francisco J L ópez-Valdés Source Type: research

Effects of non-driving related tasks on readiness to take over control in conditionally automated driving
CONCLUSIONS: In conditionally automated driving, the arrow task and SuRT imposed a similar workload on readiness to take over control. Compared to the everyday task, the engagement in the arrow tasks consumed more workload on readiness to take over control.PMID:34495787 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1969373 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - September 8, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Qing-Feng Lin Yang Lyu Ke-Fei Zhang Xiao-Wei Ma Source Type: research

Effects of non-driving related tasks on readiness to take over control in conditionally automated driving
CONCLUSIONS: In conditionally automated driving, the arrow task and SuRT imposed a similar workload on readiness to take over control. Compared to the everyday task, the engagement in the arrow tasks consumed more workload on readiness to take over control.PMID:34495787 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1969373 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - September 8, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Qing-Feng Lin Yang Lyu Ke-Fei Zhang Xiao-Wei Ma Source Type: research

The rider behavior questionnaire to explore associations of motorcycle taxi crashes in Cartagena (Colombia)
CONCLUSIONS: The study showed recent results considering behavioral, exposure, and operational conditions in a group of motorcycle taxi riders. The study recommends some practical implications for the well-being of motorcyclists and road safety.PMID:34495788 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1970749 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - September 8, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Holman Ospina-Mateus Leonardo Quintana Jim énez Francisco J L ópez-Valdés Source Type: research

Effects of non-driving related tasks on readiness to take over control in conditionally automated driving
CONCLUSIONS: In conditionally automated driving, the arrow task and SuRT imposed a similar workload on readiness to take over control. Compared to the everyday task, the engagement in the arrow tasks consumed more workload on readiness to take over control.PMID:34495787 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1969373 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - September 8, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Qing-Feng Lin Yang Lyu Ke-Fei Zhang Xiao-Wei Ma Source Type: research

The rider behavior questionnaire to explore associations of motorcycle taxi crashes in Cartagena (Colombia)
CONCLUSIONS: The study showed recent results considering behavioral, exposure, and operational conditions in a group of motorcycle taxi riders. The study recommends some practical implications for the well-being of motorcyclists and road safety.PMID:34495788 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1970749 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - September 8, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Holman Ospina-Mateus Leonardo Quintana Jim énez Francisco J L ópez-Valdés Source Type: research

The rider behavior questionnaire to explore associations of motorcycle taxi crashes in Cartagena (Colombia)
CONCLUSIONS: The study showed recent results considering behavioral, exposure, and operational conditions in a group of motorcycle taxi riders. The study recommends some practical implications for the well-being of motorcyclists and road safety.PMID:34495788 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1970749 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - September 8, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Holman Ospina-Mateus Leonardo Quintana Jim énez Francisco J L ópez-Valdés Source Type: research

Effects of non-driving related tasks on readiness to take over control in conditionally automated driving
CONCLUSIONS: In conditionally automated driving, the arrow task and SuRT imposed a similar workload on readiness to take over control. Compared to the everyday task, the engagement in the arrow tasks consumed more workload on readiness to take over control.PMID:34495787 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1969373 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - September 8, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Qing-Feng Lin Yang Lyu Ke-Fei Zhang Xiao-Wei Ma Source Type: research

The rider behavior questionnaire to explore associations of motorcycle taxi crashes in Cartagena (Colombia)
CONCLUSIONS: The study showed recent results considering behavioral, exposure, and operational conditions in a group of motorcycle taxi riders. The study recommends some practical implications for the well-being of motorcyclists and road safety.PMID:34495788 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1970749 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - September 8, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Holman Ospina-Mateus Leonardo Quintana Jim énez Francisco J L ópez-Valdés Source Type: research

Effects of non-driving related tasks on readiness to take over control in conditionally automated driving
CONCLUSIONS: In conditionally automated driving, the arrow task and SuRT imposed a similar workload on readiness to take over control. Compared to the everyday task, the engagement in the arrow tasks consumed more workload on readiness to take over control.PMID:34495787 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1969373 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - September 8, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Qing-Feng Lin Yang Lyu Ke-Fei Zhang Xiao-Wei Ma Source Type: research

Association between subjective cognitive decline and falls in middle-aged adults
Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot. 2021 Sep 6:1-4. doi: 10.1080/17457300.2021.1975136. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTFalling experiences and the fear of falling in relation to subjective cognitive decline (SCD) was examined in middle-aged Koreans. A nationwide cross-sectional study was conducted using data from the 2019 Korea Community Health Survey. The final analysis included 92,323 individuals aged 40-64 years who had available data on SCD and falls. A multivariate regression model was applied to examine the independent effect of SCD on falls. Approximately 10.7% of participants had experienced a fall in the previous 12 months...
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - September 7, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: In Cheol Hwang Hong Yup Ahn Source Type: research

Analysis of factors influencing aggressive driver behavior and crash involvement
CONCLUSIONS: The results revealed that in addition to age and gender personality traits were significant predictors of driving aggression. Further, the driver's marital status was negatively correlated with the crash involvement and professional drivers were more likely to be involved in crashes than nonprofessional drivers. The study findings can be used in identifying specific risk-prone drivers to provide safety measures via in-vehicle Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS).PMID:34491872 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1965590 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - September 7, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Anusha Adavikottu Nagendra R Velaga Source Type: research

Mental fatigue delays visual search behaviour in young cyclists when negotiating complex traffic situations: A study in virtual reality
CONCLUSION: To our knowledge, this was the first study to investigate the effect of mental fatigue in young cyclists with an innovative VR hazard perception simulator. Due to increased mental fatigue, young cyclists might have experienced more episodes of fatigue-related mind-wandering and a deterioration of selective attention for the task at hand. This resulted in a less thorough visual inspection of the scene and delayed braking responses.PMID:34492561 | DOI:10.1016/j.aap.2021.106387 (Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention.)
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - September 7, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Linus H R H Zeuwts Evelien Iliano Mitchell Smith Frederik Deconinck Matthieu Lenoir Source Type: research

A model for naturalistic glance behavior around Tesla Autopilot disengagements
CONCLUSION: Visual behavior patterns change before and after AP disengagement. Before disengagement, drivers looked less on road and focused more on non-driving related areas compared to after the transition to manual driving. The higher proportion of off-road glances before disengagement to manual driving were not compensated by longer glances ahead.APPLICATION: The model can be used as a reference for safety assessment or to formulate design targets for driver management systems.PMID:34492560 | DOI:10.1016/j.aap.2021.106348 (Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention.)
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - September 7, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Alberto Morando Pnina Gershon Bruce Mehler Bryan Reimer Source Type: research

Association between subjective cognitive decline and falls in middle-aged adults
Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot. 2021 Sep 6:1-4. doi: 10.1080/17457300.2021.1975136. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTFalling experiences and the fear of falling in relation to subjective cognitive decline (SCD) was examined in middle-aged Koreans. A nationwide cross-sectional study was conducted using data from the 2019 Korea Community Health Survey. The final analysis included 92,323 individuals aged 40-64 years who had available data on SCD and falls. A multivariate regression model was applied to examine the independent effect of SCD on falls. Approximately 10.7% of participants had experienced a fall in the previous 12 months...
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - September 7, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: In Cheol Hwang Hong Yup Ahn Source Type: research

Mental fatigue delays visual search behaviour in young cyclists when negotiating complex traffic situations: A study in virtual reality
CONCLUSION: To our knowledge, this was the first study to investigate the effect of mental fatigue in young cyclists with an innovative VR hazard perception simulator. Due to increased mental fatigue, young cyclists might have experienced more episodes of fatigue-related mind-wandering and a deterioration of selective attention for the task at hand. This resulted in a less thorough visual inspection of the scene and delayed braking responses.PMID:34492561 | DOI:10.1016/j.aap.2021.106387 (Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention.)
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - September 7, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Linus H R H Zeuwts Evelien Iliano Mitchell Smith Frederik Deconinck Matthieu Lenoir Source Type: research

A model for naturalistic glance behavior around Tesla Autopilot disengagements
CONCLUSION: Visual behavior patterns change before and after AP disengagement. Before disengagement, drivers looked less on road and focused more on non-driving related areas compared to after the transition to manual driving. The higher proportion of off-road glances before disengagement to manual driving were not compensated by longer glances ahead.APPLICATION: The model can be used as a reference for safety assessment or to formulate design targets for driver management systems.PMID:34492560 | DOI:10.1016/j.aap.2021.106348 (Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention.)
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - September 7, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Alberto Morando Pnina Gershon Bruce Mehler Bryan Reimer Source Type: research

Association between subjective cognitive decline and falls in middle-aged adults
Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot. 2021 Sep 6:1-4. doi: 10.1080/17457300.2021.1975136. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTFalling experiences and the fear of falling in relation to subjective cognitive decline (SCD) was examined in middle-aged Koreans. A nationwide cross-sectional study was conducted using data from the 2019 Korea Community Health Survey. The final analysis included 92,323 individuals aged 40-64 years who had available data on SCD and falls. A multivariate regression model was applied to examine the independent effect of SCD on falls. Approximately 10.7% of participants had experienced a fall in the previous 12 months...
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - September 7, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: In Cheol Hwang Hong Yup Ahn Source Type: research

A model for naturalistic glance behavior around Tesla Autopilot disengagements
CONCLUSION: Visual behavior patterns change before and after AP disengagement. Before disengagement, drivers looked less on road and focused more on non-driving related areas compared to after the transition to manual driving. The higher proportion of off-road glances before disengagement to manual driving were not compensated by longer glances ahead.APPLICATION: The model can be used as a reference for safety assessment or to formulate design targets for driver management systems.PMID:34492560 | DOI:10.1016/j.aap.2021.106348 (Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention.)
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - September 7, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Alberto Morando Pnina Gershon Bruce Mehler Bryan Reimer Source Type: research

Mental fatigue delays visual search behaviour in young cyclists when negotiating complex traffic situations: A study in virtual reality
CONCLUSION: To our knowledge, this was the first study to investigate the effect of mental fatigue in young cyclists with an innovative VR hazard perception simulator. Due to increased mental fatigue, young cyclists might have experienced more episodes of fatigue-related mind-wandering and a deterioration of selective attention for the task at hand. This resulted in a less thorough visual inspection of the scene and delayed braking responses.PMID:34492561 | DOI:10.1016/j.aap.2021.106387 (Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention.)
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - September 7, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Linus H R H Zeuwts Evelien Iliano Mitchell Smith Frederik Deconinck Matthieu Lenoir Source Type: research

Association between subjective cognitive decline and falls in middle-aged adults
Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot. 2021 Sep 6:1-4. doi: 10.1080/17457300.2021.1975136. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTFalling experiences and the fear of falling in relation to subjective cognitive decline (SCD) was examined in middle-aged Koreans. A nationwide cross-sectional study was conducted using data from the 2019 Korea Community Health Survey. The final analysis included 92,323 individuals aged 40-64 years who had available data on SCD and falls. A multivariate regression model was applied to examine the independent effect of SCD on falls. Approximately 10.7% of participants had experienced a fall in the previous 12 months...
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - September 7, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: In Cheol Hwang Hong Yup Ahn Source Type: research