Addressing the human toll from motor vehicle traffic crashes.
Authors: PMID: 31609160 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion)
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - October 16, 2019 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot Source Type: research

Studying the effect of interventions in injury research: experimental design options.
Authors: Bangdiwala SI PMID: 31591932 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion)
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - October 10, 2019 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot Source Type: research

Post encroachment time threshold identification for right-turn related crashes at unsignalized intersections on intercity highways under mixed traffic.
Authors: Paul M, Ghosh I Abstract Unsignalized intersections in developing countries experience many serious conflicts between cross-traffic due to indiscipline traffic manoeuvrability. Historically, Post Encroachment Time (PET) has gained attention as a proximal indicator to analyze crossing conflicts. However, identifying an appropriate PET threshold to classify critical conflicts for highly heterogeneous traffic scenario is still an unexplored area. Consequently, this study proposes a novel approach of PET threshold identification with proof of application by collecting data from ten intersections located on fou...
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - September 26, 2019 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot Source Type: research

Prevalence of mortality in cannabis consumer motorcyclists: meta-analysis of international studies.
Authors: Asgarian FS, Namdari M, Soori H Abstract The purpose of this study was to estimate prevalence of mortality in cannabis consumer motorcyclists across the world. A systematic review was conducted from publications PubMed/Medline, ISI Web of Knowledge, EMBASE, Scopus, and Google Scholar from August 2010 to March2019. The variances of each study were calculated using the binomial distribution formula and the heterogeneity among the studies was analyzed by Q-Cochran test with a significant level less than 0.1 and the index of changes attributed to I2 heterogeneity. The prevalence of mortality in cannabis consum...
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - September 26, 2019 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot Source Type: research

Bayesian hierarchical statistics for traffic safety modelling and forecasting.
In this study, a Bayesian hierarchical model was utilized for accident counts forecasting in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. This work will help traffic planners and decision makers to enhance road safety levels and decrease accident fatality rate. Accidents data along 5 years from 2008 to 2012 at 143 road sites in Abu Dhabi with 5,511 accidents were used. The proposed model considered a number of covariates; speed limit, type of road, number of lanes, type of area, weather, time, surface condition and seat belt usage. Five sites with the highest numbers of accidents were studied. Year 2012 was used to validate prediction...
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - September 20, 2019 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot Source Type: research

Effects of ethyl alcohol on injuries severity according to injury severity scales in pedestrian fatal injury in traffic crashes.
CONCLUSIONS: The studies show that ethyl alcohol concentration may harm injury severity, especially in the case of women. The assessment of the severity of injuries in traffic crash victims is significantly influenced by their age and gender. The more risk factors the scale takes into consideration, the more precise is the assessment. PMID: 31524049 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion)
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - September 17, 2019 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot Source Type: research

Estimating the avoidable burden and population attributable fraction of human risk factors of road traffic injuries in iran: application of penalization, bias reduction and sparse data analysis.
Authors: Bakhtiyari M, Mehmandar MR, Khezeli M, Latifi A, Jouybari TA, Mansournia MA Abstract The aim of this study was to prioritize human risk factors for preventive interventions by estimating the avoidable burden and population attributable fraction (PAF) of each risk factor using penalization and data augmentation method. To avoid the sparse data bias, Bayesian logistic regression via data augmentation methods, were used for multivariable analysis. Informative normal priors adopted from the studies were used for the studied human risk factors. Weakly informative log-f was used for the covariates. The populatio...
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - September 15, 2019 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot Source Type: research

The role of perceived risk, reasons for non-seat belt use and demographic characteristics for seat belt use on urban and rural roads.
Authors: Zabihi F, Davoodi SR, Nordfjærn T Abstract Despite the well-documented benefits of seat belt use, a large number of drivers fail to fasten their seat belts in Iran. Efforts to improve seat belt use can be enhanced by identifying factors that motivate seat belt use. The main aims of this study were to assess the relationship between perceived risk of being ticketed and seat belt use among adult drivers on urban and rural roads and to identify reasons for not wearing a seat belt while exploring the relationship between these reasons and demographic information of adult drivers. An additional aim was to...
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - September 10, 2019 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot Source Type: research

Patterns of pre-crash behaviour in railway suicides and the effect of corridor fencing: a natural experiment in New South Wales.
This study tested the hypothesis that higher standards of corridor fencing reduce the proportion of train suicides in the non-jumping category. Data was analyzed as a natural experiment for 171 cases of apparent railway suicides in New South Wales (NSW) for the period 2011-2018. Results were congruent with the hypothesis. A higher level of corridor fencing in metropolitan Sydney was associated with a lower proportion in the non-jumping category (33%) compared with regional areas (74%). The article contributes by showing that: (i) fencing appears to lead to a reduction in some types of rail suicides and thus; (ii) contribut...
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - September 7, 2019 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot Source Type: research

Effects of driver sleepiness and fatigue on violations among truck drivers in India.
This study aims at capturing the influence of driver drowsiness on prevalence of traffic violations among long-haul truck drivers. The study is based on a roadside survey of 453 long-haul truck drivers, stopping at eateries and rest locations on highways connected to three Indian cities- Mumbai, Indore and Nagpur. The survey questionnaire was categorized into three sections: driver demographics, work-rest schedules and safety critical driver behavior (violations and lapses) in the last five years. The questions regarding unsafe driving practices like speeding, overtaking were combined to form a single factor 'violations' u...
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - September 3, 2019 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot Source Type: research

Gender differences in cyclists' crashes: an analysis of routinely recorded crash data.
In this study, we investigated gender differences in bicycle crashes, using routinely recorded crash data. The present paper focussed on characteristics related to the type of crashes (type of collision and opponent vehicle), the infrastructure (road type and type of road segment), the environmental (season, road surface condition and weather) and time period (time of the day and day of the week). Results revealed that, compared to women cyclists, men cyclists were more likely to be involved in a crash regardless the cyclists' age. Moreover, we found gender differences in terms of type of road segment, type of opponent veh...
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - August 21, 2019 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot Source Type: research

Helmet use among motorcycle accident victims in the north-east region of Jamaica.
Authors: Fletcher C, McDowell D, Thompson C, James K Abstract Currently in Jamaica, motorcyclists account for the largest group of fatalities among all road users. Between 2016 and 2018, a cross sectional study was conducted at the Saint Ann's Bay Regional Hospital involving 155 participants. There were 98.7% males, ages ranged from 14-64 years and more than two thirds of the motorcyclists were under 40 years. Only 29.4% wore helmets, and of those motorcyclists, 52.8% indicated they were only riding for a short distance. Increasing age correlated with increased helmet compliance. Persons with motorcycles greater th...
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - August 21, 2019 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot Source Type: research

Multinomial logistic regression for prediction of vulnerable road users risk injuries based on spatial and temporal assessment.
Authors: Vilaça M, Macedo E, Tafidis P, Coelho MC Abstract Urban area's rapid growth often leads to adverse effects such as traffic congestion and increasing accident risks due to the expansion in transportation systems. In the frame of smart cities, active modes are expected to be promoted to improve living conditions. To achieve this goal, it is necessary to reduce the number of vulnerable road users (VRUs) injuries. Considering injury severity levels from crashes involving VRUs, this article seeks spatial and temporal patterns between cities and presents a model to predict the likelihood of VRUs to be inv...
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - August 1, 2019 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot Source Type: research

Traffic safety research in the 15th world conference on transport research.
Authors: Alhajyaseen W, Tiwari G PMID: 31328686 [PubMed - in process] (Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion)
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - July 24, 2019 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot Source Type: research

Driving behavior and road traffic crashes among professional and nonprofessional drivers in South Egypt.
This study aims to investigate the correlates with driving behaviors and road traffic crashes (RTCs) among professional and nonprofessional drivers in South Egypt. A total of 518 drivers (203 professional and 315 nonprofessional) were interviewed and their sociodemographic characteristics, driving habits, and RTC involvement during the preceding 2 years were documented. The Arabic version of the Driver Behavior Questionnaire (DBQ) was used to assess drivers' lapses, errors, and violations. The results showed that professional drivers had more lapses (OR 3.03, 95% CI 1.54-5.96), errors (OR 2.88, 95% CI 1.44-5.76), an...
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - July 11, 2019 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot Source Type: research

Using statistical modelling to analyze risk factors for severe and fatal road traffic accidents.
This study reaffirmed risk factors relating to severity of RTAs in the UK, but also established combinations of risk factors which led to the most severe outcomes allowing for targeting of accident-prevention measures. In addition, this study demonstrates the use of CART analysis which can be used in wider public health evaluations where multiple risk factors are at play. PMID: 31286842 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion)
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - July 11, 2019 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot Source Type: research

Development of pedestrian crash prediction model for a developing country using artificial neural network.
This study proposes an artificial neural network (ANN) technique to develop a pedestrian fatal crash frequency model at the intersection level. In this study, three activation functions are used along with four different learning algorithms to build different combinations of ANN models. In each of these combinations, the number of neurons in the hidden layer is varied by trial and error method, and the best results are considered. In this way, 12 sets of pedestrian fatal crash predictive models are developed. Out of these, Bayesian Regularization Neural Network consisting of 13 neurons in the hidden layer with 'hyperbolic ...
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - July 5, 2019 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot Source Type: research

Going to the nearest hospital vs. designated trauma centre for road traffic crashes: estimating the time difference in Delhi, India.
Authors: Ahuja R, Tiwari G, Bhalla K Abstract Background: Time to hospital after a road traffic crash (RTC) plays a vital role in determining the outcome for crash victims. In Delhi, there are seven designated trauma centres where crash victims are typically taken, which may not be nearest hospital. We compare the transport time access (crash to hospital) depending on whether the victim is transported to a designated trauma centre or the nearest hospital. Data and methods: For each RTC geocoded manually from police records, the nearest hospital and the designated trauma centre is identified using Google Maps places...
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - June 28, 2019 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot Source Type: research

Basic epidemiology research designs III: cohort prospective design.
Authors: Bangdiwala SI PMID: 31195894 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion)
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - June 15, 2019 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot Source Type: research

An evaluation of wrong-way crashes from highway ramps in Kansas, USA.
Authors: Fitzsimmons EJ, Cunningham Iv JR, Dissanayake S, Liang J Abstract Wrong-way crashes on limited access highways continue to be a serious problem for state highway agencies and communities. These crashes are more likely to result in fatalities or serious injuries than other traffic incidents, due to vehicles travelling at high speeds, often involved on a roadway with limited vertical space and time to avoid a crash. This research study focused on wrong-way crashes that occurred on highways in the State of Kansas. Although these crashes represent a very small portion of crashes, wrong-way crashes were found t...
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - June 15, 2019 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot Source Type: research

Risk factors for falls in Iranian older adults: a case-control study.
This study indicates several modifiable risk factors may be associated with falls that affect the health of older adults. Appropriate interventions are necessary to reduce modifiable risk factors of falls of high-risk elders. PMID: 31195925 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion)
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - June 15, 2019 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot Source Type: research

A proactive approach to assess safety level of urban bus stops.
Authors: Cheranchery MF, Bhattacharyya K, Salih M, Maitra B Abstract Road safety has emerged as a global concern, and bus stops are the major points of concern as they act as interfaces where pedestrians interact with transit vehicles. In order to achieve a safe and sustainable infrastructure at bus stops, it is necessary to assess safety level of bus stops and suggest safety improvement measures. The present work aims to investigate whether design and management deficiencies of bus stops have any effect on safety of passengers and pedestrians. It is also aimed to develop a pro-active approach for evaluating safety...
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - June 14, 2019 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot Source Type: research

Road safety compliance among motorcyclists in Kawempe Division, Kampala, Uganda: a cross-sectional study.
This study determined the prevalence of and factors associated with compliance to selected road safety measures (helmet use, retro-reflective jackets use, riding permit and carrying one passenger) among commercial motorcyclists in Kawempe, from April to June 2014 using interviewer administered questionnaires. Total compliance was 0.9% and 24.4% to at least 3/4 measures. Compliance by measure was; 7.6% retroreflective jackets, 28.8% riding permits, 69.4% helmet use and 86.1% carrying one passenger. The associated factors were; knowing that (training before one starts to ride prevents crashes, Adjusted-odds-ratio (AOR) = 2.3...
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - June 14, 2019 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot Source Type: research

Unintentional injury deaths in adult Finnish population: nationwide statistics between 1971 and 2016.
This study determined the nationwide trends in unintentional injury deaths of adult Finns. For this purpose, we obtained from the Finnish Official Cause-of-Death Statistics the data for persons 15 years of age or older whose deaths occurred between 1971 and 2016 due to an unintentional injury. During the study period, a steep decline occurred in road traffic crashes. The death rate (per 100,000 persons) of women's road traffic crashes was 16 in 1971 but only 2 in 2016. Traffic caused much more deaths in men than women, but the declining trend in men's death rates was also clear, from 46 in 1971 to 7 in 2016. Concurr...
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - June 12, 2019 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot Source Type: research

Unintentional injury and role of different predictors among 1-5 years children: a community based cross sectional study in a rural population of a developing country.
Authors: Paul S, Mehra S, Prajapati P, Malhotra V, Verma KC, Sidhu TK Abstract Injury has been increasing exponentially, especially in children, and it has become a public health concern. The present study was conducted with the objective of determining the prevalence and profile of unintentional injury among children of 1-5-year age group in a rural community of India and also to find out the predictors. Primary caregiver was interviewed by using a structured interview schedule. Parent supervisory behaviour was assessed using Parent Supervision Attributes Profile Questionnaire (PSAPQ), and child injury risk-taking...
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - June 12, 2019 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot Source Type: research

Motorcycle taxi programme is associated with reduced risk of road traffic crash among motorcycle taxi drivers in Kampala, Uganda.
Authors: Muni K, Kobusingye O, Mock C, Hughes JP, Hurvitz PM, Guthrie B Abstract SafeBoda is a transportation company that provides road safety training and helmets to its motorcycle taxi drivers in Kampala. We sought to determine whether risk of road traffic crash (RTC) was lower in SafeBoda compared to regular (non-SafeBoda) motorcycle taxi drivers during a 6-month follow-up period. We collected participant demographic and behavioural data at baseline using computer-assisted personal interview, and occurrence of RTC every 2 months using text messaging and telephone interview from a cohort of 342 drivers. The...
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - June 11, 2019 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot Source Type: research

Interaction between motor vehicles and bicycles at two-lane roundabouts: a driving volatility-based analysis.
Authors: Bahmankhah B, Fernandes P, Teixeira J, Coelho MC Abstract Drivers' instantaneous decisions regarding speed and acceleration/deceleration, as well as the time rate of acceleration change (jerk) can result in a volatility driving behaviour with significant impact on cyclist safety. The contribution of this article is the assessment of driving volatility in motor vehicle (MV)-bicycle interactions at two-lane roundabouts. Traffic flow and bicycle GPS data were collected from two two-lane roundabouts. Then, traffic, emissions and safety models were used to evaluate volatility impacts on safety, pollutant emissi...
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - June 8, 2019 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot Source Type: research

Exploring the factors contribute to the injury severities of vulnerable roadway user involved crashes.
Authors: Dong C, Khattak AJ, Shao C, Xie K Abstract The vehicle to pedestrian (V2P) applications will enable safety, mobility, and environmental advancements for the vulnerable roadway user (VRU) that current technologies are unable to provide. The present research aims to explore the use of random parameters in logit models to examine factors that significantly influence injury severity of VRU involved crashes. Two types of logit models, the mixed generalized ordered logit (MGOL) models and mixed logit models are proposed to provide insights on reducing injury severities of pedestrian and bicyclist involved crashe...
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - June 8, 2019 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot Source Type: research

Modeling fatal traffic accident occurrences in small Indian cities, Patiala, and Rajpura.
This article investigates the effects of highway-related correlates such as geometric design features and traffic factors on fatal accident occurrences in small-sized Indian cities, Patiala and Rajpura, by estimating Negative Binomial regression models. Between 2013 and 2015, 61 and 188 fatal accidents were recorded in Rajpura and Patiala, respectively. The study reveals that the number of traffic lanes positively influences accident occurrences in Rajpura. On the other hand, in Patiala, the width of paved road surface, segment length and average daily traffic (ADT) are positively correlated with accident rates. Intercity ...
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - June 8, 2019 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot Source Type: research

Occupational injury burden among gold miners in Ghana.
Authors: Nakua EK, Owusu-Dabo E, Newton S, Adofo K, Otupiri E, Donkor P, Mock C Abstract The mining environment is particularly dangerous in low- and middle-income countries. We sought to better understand the burden, characteristics and risk factors associated with gold mining, through a household survey of 1,029 miners in four districts, in Ghana. We found a high burden of injuries, with 25.5% of workers injured in the past year, giving an incidence of 19.67 injuries per 200,000 hours worked. Notably, an increase in injury risk was associated with work in the informal mining sector (galamsey), with an adju...
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - June 7, 2019 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot Source Type: research

Calibration of highway safety manual predictive models for Kansas freeway segments.
Authors: Matarage IC, Dissanayake S Abstract The Safety Performance Functions (SPFs) in the Highway Safety Manual (HSM) are statistical formulas developed based on limited data gathered from selected few states. Therefore, the HSM recommends calibrating the HSM-default SPFs to local conditions or developing local SPFs to enhance the accuracy of crash prediction. This paper demonstrates the HSM calibration procedure for freeway segments and the quality assessment of the calibration process using Kansas freeway geometric and crash data. A minimum sample size of 446 freeway segments was calculated corresponding to 95%...
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - June 5, 2019 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot Source Type: research

Statement of Retraction: Effective environmental factors on geographical distribution of traffic accidents on pedestrians, downtown of Tehran City.
Authors: PMID: 31124746 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion)
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - May 29, 2019 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot Source Type: research

Identifying and comparing the injury severity risk factors on rural freeways in different states in the United States.
This study identifies and compares those risk factors affecting crash injuries and fatalities on rural freeways in Montana and West Virginia in the United States using the mixed logit model. Three-year crashes on rural freeway segments in both states are used. Higher annual average daily traffic (AADT) was associated with a reduction in injuries/fatalities in both states, with higher reduction in West Virginia (40%) than in Montana (25%). In both states, the impact of adverse road surface conditions (i.e., snowy/icy) was associated with a reduction in injuries/fatalities. The results show that separate injury severity mode...
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - May 29, 2019 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot Source Type: research

Drivers' estimation of their travelling speed: a study on an expressway and a local  road.
This study invited 40 drivers to participate in a field experiment measuring speed perception. The experiment was conducted using a test car equipped with high fidelity Global Positioning System (GPS). Data were collected for two settings (hidden versus revealed speedometer) and four requested speeds (50, 70, 80 and 100 km/h). An analysis of variance test was conducted along with separate t-tests and cumulative distributions for each speed independently. The results clearly show that there were significant differences in perceived speed between a hidden and revealed speedometer, between the first and second trial an...
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - May 29, 2019 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot Source Type: research

Analysis of road traffic crashes in the State of Qatar.
This study is an exploratory research providing different analyses of the crash data for seven consecutive years, ranging from 2010 to 2016, which is obtained from the Traffic Department in the Ministry of Interior for the State of Qatar. The objectives aim to evaluate the trend of RTC rate over time and create understanding of the influencing factors related to RTC frequency. Time series analyses show an increasing trend of RTCs leading to severe injury and a slight decreasing trend for fatal RTCs. Secondly, different RTC severity levels are related to diverse RTC causes. Furthermore, the results revealed that crashes wit...
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - May 29, 2019 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot Source Type: research

Are successful safety devices being used universally?
Authors: Forjuoh SN PMID: 31012374 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion)
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - April 25, 2019 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot Source Type: research

Hazards of using mobile devices while in motion.
Authors: Forjuoh SN PMID: 30917757 [PubMed - in process] (Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion)
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - March 30, 2019 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot Source Type: research

Basic epidemiology research designs II: case-control design.
Authors: Bangdiwala SI PMID: 30919728 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion)
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - March 30, 2019 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot Source Type: research

Risk factors associated with life jacket wear among adult canoeists and kayakers in the United States, 1999-2017.
Authors: Phillips MT, Spitzer N, Chow W, Mangione TW Abstract Drowning is the most common cause of death in recreational boating. Life jackets prevent drowning, yet adult wear rates remain relatively low on most types of boats. Canoes and kayaks are among the least used boat types, yet maintain the third and first highest annual boating-related drowning rates in 2012, respectively. This 1999-2017 study collected data from 124 study sites across the US. Life jacket wear was calculated for 13 dichotomized risky and non-risky variables, using Chi-square tests. A count variable based on number of risks was created, and...
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - March 1, 2019 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot Source Type: research

Leveraging the broad powers of legislators to accelerate action to reduce road traffic casualties.
Authors: Murphy E Abstract This is an editorial highlighting the power that legislators have in improving global road safety and the failure of the road safety community in optimizing the existing capital of this resource. It argues that legislators must prioritize and adopt laws to improve road safety in their own countries and allocate resources for their enforcement. It also emphasizes the need for legislators to act through regional and global parliamentary bodies to accelerate the adoption and enforcement of laws on a broad scale and on a wide range of topics (such as funding, lead agencies, vehicle regulation...
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - February 24, 2019 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot Source Type: research

Cost of two-wheeler road accidents in India.
This study is an attempt through a Stated Preference (SP) survey to know how users value safety and how much they are willing to pay (WTP) for a safer road facility to reduce the risk of their involvement in road traffic accidents. The survey was conducted for two-wheeler riders of selected roads in Calicut City. Attributes selected for SP experimental design includes travel time, travel cost and traffic accidents per year and Binary Logit model was used to determine the WTP values. It was observed that travel cost, accident rate of the route selected, age, occupation, personal income and number of household members have s...
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - February 24, 2019 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot Source Type: research

Basic epidemiology research designs I: cross-sectional design.
Authors: Bangdiwala SI PMID: 30714471 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion)
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - February 6, 2019 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot Source Type: research

Road safety research collaborations to meet SDG safety target.
Authors: PMID: 30702023 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion)
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - February 2, 2019 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot Source Type: research

Qualitative methods of road traffic crash research in low- and middle-income countries: a review.
Authors: Holmes BD, Haglund K, Beyer KMM, Cassidy LD PMID: 30569824 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion)
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - December 22, 2018 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot Source Type: research

Road traffic injuries in Uganda: pre-hospital care time intervals from crash scene to hospital and related factors by the Uganda Police.
Authors: Bayiga Zziwa E, Muhumuza C, Muni KM, Atuyambe L, Bachani AM, Kobusingye OC Abstract A cross-sectional survey was conducted to collect primary data prospectively on pre-hospital care time intervals of Road Traffic Crash (RTC) victims that had been rescued by the Uganda police and to determine what factors were related to those intervals. The survey was conducted between 1 May 2015 and 31 May 2015. The Police responses to 96 RTCs were recorded, but only 74 of them were considered serious enough to warrant hospital transfer, and those 74 are the subject of the analysis. Pre-hospital care time ranged between 1...
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - December 15, 2018 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot Source Type: research

Measuring the road safety performance of Iranian provinces: a double-frontier DEA model and evidential reasoning approach.
Authors: Seyedalizadeh Ganji SR, Rassafi AA Abstract Road traffic accidents are critical public issue in developing countries, and they annually waste a significant amount of Gross Domestic Product (GDP). In order to urgently consider how this problem is related to the current policies, a proper safety evaluation of regional programmes in crash reduction is fundamental to the governments. The current research aims to employ a double-frontier Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) model to assess the productivity of Iranian regional safety programmes in reducing the number of road fatalities. The safety efficiencies of Ira...
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - December 7, 2018 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot Source Type: research

Occupants' seatbelt use are related to vehicle type and usage on a Ghanaian university campus.
Authors: Ojo TK, Agyemang W Abstract Seat belt use does not only save lives but prevents the severity of injuries in road traffic crashes (RTCs). Vehicle type and usage have been found to influence the use of seat belt in cities like Kumasi, the host of Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST) campus. This paper presents a study on an un-obstructive survey of seat belt use by vehicle occupants entering and leaving KNUST campus through the four entrances from 7 to 9 am and 3 to 5 pm on five weekdays. A total of 5489 vehicles with 9542 occupants comprising 5489 drivers, front-right and first ...
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - November 15, 2018 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot Source Type: research

Regression: Poisson.
Authors: Bangdiwala SI PMID: 30328751 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion)
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - October 19, 2018 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot Source Type: research

Costs of unintentional injuries among children in an urban slum community in Kampala city, Uganda.
This study determined the household out-of-pocket expenditure and missed school attendance due to unintentional childhood injuries in a Ugandan slum. We used a cross-sectional household survey design. Data were collected on occurrence and associated costs of unintentional injuries during a one-year period from July 2014 to June 2015. A total of 706 (44.7%) children who had suffered from injuries were reported in the one year period. More male children (N = 415, 58.7%) suffered injuries than females (N = 291, 41.2%). The average out-of-pocket expenditure on treating an injury was US $24.1 [s...
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - September 26, 2018 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot Source Type: research

Quality assessment of Major Trauma Registry of Navarra: completeness and correctness.
This study assessed the completeness of the Major Trauma Registry of Navarra (MTR-N) data and their concordance with the patients' medical files. It retrospectively reviewed all the MTR-N cases documented in June and July of 2014 and 2015. For each case, 42 parameters' values were taken from the MTR-N. To assess concordance between the MTR-N and medical files, the same variables values were re-recorded. Data completeness was calculated for all cases and data correctness for those documented in the MTR-N, separately for each variable. The overall average completeness rate for all variables was 92.8%. The percentages of comp...
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - September 26, 2018 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot Source Type: research