Optimized design to adverse transportation conditions for railway freight system
This study proposed a method for transportation agencies to efficiently and accurately formulate or revise rules for the movement of railway transport while ensuring safety under adverse conditions. Determining such a method in general requires trial-and-error experimentation, which consumes large amounts of time and money. We used the uniform experiment (UE) and generalized linear autoregression (GLAR) to establish our method. Based on it, a series of numerical models were proposed to examine the association between the operational indices of safety (derailment coefficient and rate of wheel unloading) and such factors as ...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - March 19, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Neng-Pu Yang Fenling Feng Quan Huang Xiao-Hua Liu Source Type: research

A deep learning based traffic crash severity prediction framework
Accid Anal Prev. 2021 Mar 16;154:106090. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106090. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTHighway work zones are most vulnerable roadway segments for congestion and traffic collisions. Hence, providing accurate and timely prediction of the severity of traffic collisions at work zones is vital to reduce the response time for emergency units (e.g., medical aid), accordingly improve traffic safety and reduce congestion. In predicting the severity of traffic collisions, previous studies used different statistical and machine learning models with accuracy as the main evaluating factor. However, the performance of t...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - March 19, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Md Adilur Rahim Hany M Hassan Source Type: research

Determinant contributing variables to severity levels of pedestrian crossed the road crashes in three cities in Indonesia
CONCLUSIONS: Each city has unique variables to determine the severity level. Therefore, treatments and countermeasures must be specific to each city based on study findings.PMID:33739216 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1872065 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 19, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Tri Tjahjono Bhidara Swantika Andyka Kusuma Robby Purnomo Grace Helen Tambun Source Type: research

Driver posture monitoring in highly automated vehicles using pressure measurement
CONCLUSIONS: Pressure measurement could be a good alternative or complementary to camera based driver postural monitoring system. Results show that all classifiers proposed in the work could predict the trunk position for standard driving. With help of an initial posture, Random Forest classifier with relative pressure features could classify trunk positions with high accuracy. However, further effort is needed to improve the accuracy of feet position prediction especially by adding more foot related task data.PMID:33739223 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1892087 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 19, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Mingming Zhao Georges Beurier Hongyan Wang Xuguang Wang Source Type: research

Driver posture monitoring in highly automated vehicles using pressure measurement
CONCLUSIONS: Pressure measurement could be a good alternative or complementary to camera based driver postural monitoring system. Results show that all classifiers proposed in the work could predict the trunk position for standard driving. With help of an initial posture, Random Forest classifier with relative pressure features could classify trunk positions with high accuracy. However, further effort is needed to improve the accuracy of feet position prediction especially by adding more foot related task data.PMID:33739223 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1892087 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 19, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Mingming Zhao Georges Beurier Hongyan Wang Xuguang Wang Source Type: research

Determinant contributing variables to severity levels of pedestrian crossed the road crashes in three cities in Indonesia
CONCLUSIONS: Each city has unique variables to determine the severity level. Therefore, treatments and countermeasures must be specific to each city based on study findings.PMID:33739216 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1872065 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 19, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Tri Tjahjono Bhidara Swantika Andyka Kusuma Robby Purnomo Grace Helen Tambun Source Type: research

Driver posture monitoring in highly automated vehicles using pressure measurement
CONCLUSIONS: Pressure measurement could be a good alternative or complementary to camera based driver postural monitoring system. Results show that all classifiers proposed in the work could predict the trunk position for standard driving. With help of an initial posture, Random Forest classifier with relative pressure features could classify trunk positions with high accuracy. However, further effort is needed to improve the accuracy of feet position prediction especially by adding more foot related task data.PMID:33739223 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1892087 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 19, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Mingming Zhao Georges Beurier Hongyan Wang Xuguang Wang Source Type: research

Determinant contributing variables to severity levels of pedestrian crossed the road crashes in three cities in Indonesia
CONCLUSIONS: Each city has unique variables to determine the severity level. Therefore, treatments and countermeasures must be specific to each city based on study findings.PMID:33739216 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1872065 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 19, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Tri Tjahjono Bhidara Swantika Andyka Kusuma Robby Purnomo Grace Helen Tambun Source Type: research

Young drivers vs. non-drivers: are there differences in behaviour?
This study suggests that a driver's licence for youth could both control but also instigate unconventional behaviours as identified by PBT. A driver's licence could also provide opportunities for conventional behaviours associated with education and school connectedness. However, the independence provided by a driver's licence could offer youth unsupervised social opportunities to drink and binge drink that may be health-compromising. Thus, based on PBT, licensure status is associated with both conventional behaviours, as well as problem behaviours associated with alcohol use.PMID:33735751 | DOI:10.1016/j.aap.2021.106011 (...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - March 18, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Jane Seeley Hayley Hamilton Evelyn Vingilis Source Type: research

Analysis of safety climate and individual factors affecting bus drivers' crash involvement using a two-level logit model
This study's findings will help bus companies to give more attention to their safety climate and implement more targeted improvements to their driver safety education programs.PMID:33735752 | DOI:10.1016/j.aap.2021.106087 (Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention.)
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - March 18, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Xuesong Wang Yujun Jiao Junyu Huo Ruirui Li Chu Zhou Hanzhong Pan Chen Chai Source Type: research

Analysis of safety climate and individual factors affecting bus drivers' crash involvement using a two-level logit model
This study's findings will help bus companies to give more attention to their safety climate and implement more targeted improvements to their driver safety education programs.PMID:33735752 | DOI:10.1016/j.aap.2021.106087 (Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention.)
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - March 18, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Xuesong Wang Yujun Jiao Junyu Huo Ruirui Li Chu Zhou Hanzhong Pan Chen Chai Source Type: research

Young drivers vs. non-drivers: are there differences in behaviour?
This study suggests that a driver's licence for youth could both control but also instigate unconventional behaviours as identified by PBT. A driver's licence could also provide opportunities for conventional behaviours associated with education and school connectedness. However, the independence provided by a driver's licence could offer youth unsupervised social opportunities to drink and binge drink that may be health-compromising. Thus, based on PBT, licensure status is associated with both conventional behaviours, as well as problem behaviours associated with alcohol use.PMID:33735751 | DOI:10.1016/j.aap.2021.106011 (...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - March 18, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Jane Seeley Hayley Hamilton Evelyn Vingilis Source Type: research

A deep learning based traffic crash severity prediction framework
Publication date: May 2021Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 154Author(s): Md Adilur Rahim, Hany M. Hassan (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - March 18, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Effect of speed/red-light cameras and traffic signal countdown timers on dilemma zone determination at pre-timed signalized intersections
Publication date: May 2021Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 154Author(s): Omar Almutairi, Heng Wei (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - March 18, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Cycling injury risk in Britain: A case-crossover study of infrastructural and route environment correlates
Publication date: May 2021Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 154Author(s): Georgios Kapousizis, Anna Goodman, Rachel Aldred (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - March 18, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Optimized design to adverse transportation conditions for railway freight system
Publication date: May 2021Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 154Author(s): Neng-pu Yang, Fenling Feng, Quan Huang, Xiao-hua Liu (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - March 18, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Human error in motorcycle crashes: A methodology based on in-depth data to identify the skills needed and support training interventions for safe riding
CONCLUSIONS: The results contribute to understand the motorcyclists' responses in high-risk crash scenarios. The findings underline the need to group accident cases, beyond the usual single-vehicle versus multi-vehicle collision approach. The different interactions with other road users should be considered to identify the competencies of the motorcyclists needed to reduce crash risks. Our methodology can be applied to increase the motorcyclists' safety by supporting preventive actions based on riders' training and eventually ADAS design.PMID:33729056 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1896714 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 17, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Pedro Huertas-Leyva Niccol ò Baldanzini Giovanni Savino Marco Pierini Source Type: research

Human error in motorcycle crashes: A methodology based on in-depth data to identify the skills needed and support training interventions for safe riding
CONCLUSIONS: The results contribute to understand the motorcyclists' responses in high-risk crash scenarios. The findings underline the need to group accident cases, beyond the usual single-vehicle versus multi-vehicle collision approach. The different interactions with other road users should be considered to identify the competencies of the motorcyclists needed to reduce crash risks. Our methodology can be applied to increase the motorcyclists' safety by supporting preventive actions based on riders' training and eventually ADAS design.PMID:33729056 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1896714 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 17, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Pedro Huertas-Leyva Niccol ò Baldanzini Giovanni Savino Marco Pierini Source Type: research

Human error in motorcycle crashes: A methodology based on in-depth data to identify the skills needed and support training interventions for safe riding
CONCLUSIONS: The results contribute to understand the motorcyclists' responses in high-risk crash scenarios. The findings underline the need to group accident cases, beyond the usual single-vehicle versus multi-vehicle collision approach. The different interactions with other road users should be considered to identify the competencies of the motorcyclists needed to reduce crash risks. Our methodology can be applied to increase the motorcyclists' safety by supporting preventive actions based on riders' training and eventually ADAS design.PMID:33729056 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1896714 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 17, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Pedro Huertas-Leyva Niccol ò Baldanzini Giovanni Savino Marco Pierini Source Type: research

Analysis of safety climate and individual factors affecting bus drivers’ crash involvement using a two-level logit model
Publication date: May 2021Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 154Author(s): Xuesong Wang, Yujun Jiao, Junyu Huo, Ruirui Li, Chu Zhou, Hanzhong Pan, Chen Chai (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - March 16, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Young drivers vs. non-drivers: are there differences in behaviour?
Publication date: May 2021Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 154Author(s): Jane Seeley, Hayley Hamilton, Evelyn Vingilis (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - March 16, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Alcohol and drug use among road users involved in fatal crashes in Norway
CONCLUSIONS: Impairment due to use of alcohol or drugs was often a contributing factor among bicyclists, pedestrians and motor vehicle drivers who died in RTCs. Driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs was more often a contributing factor in cases where the motor vehicle driver was killed than in cases where the driver survived.PMID:33724110 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1887854 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 16, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Live Tanum Pasnin Hallvard Gjerde Source Type: research

Self-regulation differences across learner and probationary drivers: The impact on risky driving behaviours
Accid Anal Prev. 2021 Mar 12;154:106064. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106064. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTRisky driving behaviours are a known contributor to young drivers' overrepresentation in road trauma, with self-regulation suggested as an important associated construct, but yet to be extensively explored. The aims of this study were to examine the utility of self-determination theory in explaining risky driving behaviours and to explore differences between young Learner and Provisional (P1)- licensed drivers in regard to their self-regulated safety orientation and engagement in risky driving behaviours. Learners (n = 10...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - March 15, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Natalie Watson-Brown Teresa Senserrick James Freeman Jeremy Davey Bridie Scott-Parker Source Type: research

Individual and contextual factors associated with bicyclist injury severity in traffic incidents between bicyclists and motorists in Chile
Accid Anal Prev. 2021 Mar 12;154:106077. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106077. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBicyclists are vulnerable road users who risk incurring severe injuries from traffic incidents involving motorists. However, the prevalence of severe bicycle injuries varies across countries and is not well-documented in Latin American countries. Studies from developed countries outside of Latin America have shown that individual and contextual factors are associated with severe injuries incurred by bicyclists in road traffic incidents with motorists, but it is not clear whether these factors are the same as those incurre...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - March 15, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Damian Chandia-Poblete Robert L Hill Nicolas Aguilar-Farias Kristiann C Heesch Source Type: research

Individual and contextual factors associated with bicyclist injury severity in traffic incidents between bicyclists and motorists in Chile
Accid Anal Prev. 2021 Mar 13;154:106077. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106077. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBicyclists are vulnerable road users who risk incurring severe injuries from traffic incidents involving motorists. However, the prevalence of severe bicycle injuries varies across countries and is not well-documented in Latin American countries. Studies from developed countries outside of Latin America have shown that individual and contextual factors are associated with severe injuries incurred by bicyclists in road traffic incidents with motorists, but it is not clear whether these factors are the same as those incurre...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - March 15, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Damian Chandia-Poblete Robert L Hill Nicolas Aguilar-Farias Kristiann C Heesch Source Type: research

Self-regulation differences across learner and probationary drivers: The impact on risky driving behaviours
Accid Anal Prev. 2021 Mar 12;154:106064. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106064. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTRisky driving behaviours are a known contributor to young drivers' overrepresentation in road trauma, with self-regulation suggested as an important associated construct, but yet to be extensively explored. The aims of this study were to examine the utility of self-determination theory in explaining risky driving behaviours and to explore differences between young Learner and Provisional (P1)- licensed drivers in regard to their self-regulated safety orientation and engagement in risky driving behaviours. Learners (n = 10...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - March 15, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Natalie Watson-Brown Teresa Senserrick James Freeman Jeremy Davey Bridie Scott-Parker Source Type: research

Individual and contextual factors associated with bicyclist injury severity in traffic incidents between bicyclists and motorists in Chile
Accid Anal Prev. 2021 Mar 13;154:106077. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106077. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBicyclists are vulnerable road users who risk incurring severe injuries from traffic incidents involving motorists. However, the prevalence of severe bicycle injuries varies across countries and is not well-documented in Latin American countries. Studies from developed countries outside of Latin America have shown that individual and contextual factors are associated with severe injuries incurred by bicyclists in road traffic incidents with motorists, but it is not clear whether these factors are the same as those incurre...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - March 15, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Damian Chandia-Poblete Robert L Hill Nicolas Aguilar-Farias Kristiann C Heesch Source Type: research

Self-regulation differences across learner and probationary drivers: The impact on risky driving behaviours
Accid Anal Prev. 2021 Mar 12;154:106064. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106064. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTRisky driving behaviours are a known contributor to young drivers' overrepresentation in road trauma, with self-regulation suggested as an important associated construct, but yet to be extensively explored. The aims of this study were to examine the utility of self-determination theory in explaining risky driving behaviours and to explore differences between young Learner and Provisional (P1)- licensed drivers in regard to their self-regulated safety orientation and engagement in risky driving behaviours. Learners (n = 10...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - March 15, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Natalie Watson-Brown Teresa Senserrick James Freeman Jeremy Davey Bridie Scott-Parker Source Type: research

Temporal analysis of driving efficiency using smartphone data
Accid Anal Prev. 2021 Mar 11;154:106081. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106081. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThis paper attempts to shed light on the temporal evolution of driving safety efficiency with the aim to acquire insights useful for both driving behavior and road safety improvement. Data exploited herein are collected from a sophisticated platform that uses smartphone device sensors during a naturalistic driving experiment, at which the driving behavior from a sample of two hundred (200) drivers during 7-months is continuously recorded in real time. The main driving behavior analytics taken into consideration for the dr...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - March 14, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Dimitrios I Tselentis Eleni I Vlahogianni George Yannis Source Type: research

Individual and contextual factors associated with bicyclist injury severity in traffic incidents between bicyclists and motorists in Chile
Publication date: May 2021Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 154Author(s): Damian Chandia-Poblete, Robert L. Hill, Nicolas Aguilar-Farias, Kristiann C. Heesch (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - March 13, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Drug presence in driving deaths in Maryland: Comparing trends and prevalence in medical examiner and FARS data
In this study, we compared drug test information for people killed in crashes in Maryland between the FARS system and ME from 2006 - 2018. As ME records are the primary source for the FARS data from Maryland, these two data sets should be closely correlated. We used probabilistic linkage to match FARS and ME cases and compared matched cases by individual drug group. Matching was achieved on 83 % of cases (N = 4803 matched pairs). ME data consistently indicated higher overall incidence and trends in the presence of depressants, narcotics, and stimulants in crash deaths. Sensitivity analysis using both strict and relaxed mat...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - March 13, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Johnathon P Ehsani Jeffrey P Michael Michelle Duren Wendy C Shields Richard P Compton David Fowler Gordon Smith Source Type: research

An investigation of cyclist passing distances in the Australian Capital Territory
Accid Anal Prev. 2021 Mar 10;154:106075. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106075. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTIn Australia, cycling hospitalisations are increasing and the cycling participation rate is stagnating. In an effort to improve cyclist safety, many Australian jurisdictions have mandated a minimum passing distance that vehicles much provide when overtaking a cyclist on a public road, including the Australian Capital Territory (ACT). However, it is not currently clear how vehicle-cyclist passing distances are affected by various parameters such as the road environment, the vehicles involved, or the speed limit. This natur...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - March 13, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: J R R Mackenzie J K Dutschke G Ponte Source Type: research

An investigation of cyclist passing distances in the Australian Capital Territory
Accid Anal Prev. 2021 Mar 11;154:106075. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106075. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTIn Australia, cycling hospitalisations are increasing and the cycling participation rate is stagnating. In an effort to improve cyclist safety, many Australian jurisdictions have mandated a minimum passing distance that vehicles much provide when overtaking a cyclist on a public road, including the Australian Capital Territory (ACT). However, it is not currently clear how vehicle-cyclist passing distances are affected by various parameters such as the road environment, the vehicles involved, or the speed limit. This natur...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - March 13, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: J R R Mackenzie J K Dutschke G Ponte Source Type: research

Drug presence in driving deaths in Maryland: Comparing trends and prevalence in medical examiner and FARS data
In this study, we compared drug test information for people killed in crashes in Maryland between the FARS system and ME from 2006 - 2018. As ME records are the primary source for the FARS data from Maryland, these two data sets should be closely correlated. We used probabilistic linkage to match FARS and ME cases and compared matched cases by individual drug group. Matching was achieved on 83 % of cases (N = 4803 matched pairs). ME data consistently indicated higher overall incidence and trends in the presence of depressants, narcotics, and stimulants in crash deaths. Sensitivity analysis using both strict and relaxed mat...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - March 13, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Johnathon P Ehsani Jeffrey P Michael Michelle Duren Wendy C Shields Richard P Compton David Fowler Gordon Smith Source Type: research

Temporal analysis of driving efficiency using smartphone data
Publication date: May 2021Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 154Author(s): Dimitrios I. Tselentis, Eleni I. Vlahogianni, George Yannis (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - March 12, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Self-regulation differences across learner and probationary drivers: The impact on risky driving behaviours
Publication date: May 2021Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 154Author(s): Natalie Watson-Brown, Teresa Senserrick, James Freeman, Jeremy Davey, Bridie Scott-Parker (Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention)
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - March 12, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Drug use and pattern of injuries sustained by drivers involved in road traffic crashes
CONCLUSIONS: Substance use, especially methadone, has undoubtedly a significant role in both road traffic crashes and resulted injuries. The high rate of injuries on drivers influenced by methadone in traffic crashes needs to be screened and prevented. It is recommended to not only authoritatively deal with the excessive supply of methadone in the community but also restricting the driving of people receiving methadone treatment.PMID:33709853 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1889528 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 12, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Parisa Divsalar Mehrnoosh Mohammadi Kouros Divsalar Source Type: research

An overview of tram tracks related cycling injuries in Ghent, Belgium
Traffic Inj Prev. 2021 Mar 12:1-9. doi: 10.1080/15389588.2021.1888941. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVE: There is a paucity of data on the incidence and severity of tram tracks related cycling injuries. The aim of this study is to get insight into the incidence, severity and characteristics of tram tracks related cycling injuries, potentially defining significant 'hotspots' in the Ghent city area.METHODS: A one-year, multicenter, prospective, observational study was conducted. Patients presenting to the emergency departments of all 4 Ghent hospitals with tram tracks related cycling injury, were included. Data on pat...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 12, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: P Leune E Steen P De Paepe C Lyphout Source Type: research

Field testing the applicability of motorcycle autonomous emergency braking (MAEB) during pre-crash avoidance maneuver
CONCLUSIONS: MAEB interventions with decelerations up to 0.3 g can be easily managed by motorcycle riders not only in straight-line conditions but also during an avoidance maneuver. Further investigations using higher deceleration values are now possible.PMID:33709844 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1884235 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 12, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Cosimo Lucci Niccol ò Baldanzini Giovanni Savino Source Type: research

Injury risk curves in far-side lateral motor vehicle crashes by AIS level, body region and injury code
The objective of this study was to develop injury risk curves as a function of change in vehicle velocity for occupants in far-side lateral motor vehicle crashes (MVCs) by AIS level, body region, and specific AIS codes that commonly occur in this crash mode.METHODS: The National Automotive Sampling System-Crashworthiness Data System (NASS-CDS) years 2000-2015 database was queried, resulting in 4,495 non-weighted far-side crashes. For each case, occupant age, sex, and the following metadata were collected: vehicle model year, vehicle body type, lateral delta-v, normalized PDOF, multiple impacts, belt use, seat position, obj...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 12, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Zachary S Hostetler Fang-Chi Hsu Ryan Barnard Derek A Jones Matthew L Davis Ashley A Weaver F Scott Gayzik Source Type: research

Crash rates of convertible cars
CONCLUSIONS: Safety concerns associated with convertibles' retractable roof structures were not supported by the results of this study.PMID:33709841 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1888084 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 12, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Eric R Teoh Source Type: research

A visual approach for defining the spatial relationships among crashes, crimes, and alcohol retailers: Applying the color mixing theorem to define the colocation pattern of multiple variables
This study contributes to the literature in three major ways: (1) a new RGB model was established and applied in the field of traffic safety; (2) the variable dimensions were expanded from two to three; and, (3) the dimension of uncertainty was also included. When the new RGB model was utilized with data collected in College Station, Texas, the results indicated that the new colocation map is able to clearly and accurately define colocation hotspots of crashes, crimes, and alcohol retailers. As expected, these hotspots are located in areas with many bars, the largest strip malls and busiest intersections. The intensity map...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - March 12, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Pei-Fen Kuo Dominique Lord Source Type: research

Restraint systems considering occupant diversity and pre-crash posture
CONCLUSIONS: This study investigated the effects of occupant size and shape variability, posture, and restraint design on injury risk for high-speed frontal crashes. More forward initial postures due to active safety features may decrease head, neck, and lower extremity injury risk, but may also increase chest injury risk. Safety concerns observed for large occupants include head strike-through and a conflict between head and chest injuries. Obese occupants had higher knee-thigh-hip injury risk. New restraints that adapt to occupant size and body shape may improve crash safety for all occupants. Further investigation is ne...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 12, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Kyle Boyle Abeselom Fanta Matthew P Reed Kurt Fischer Alex Smith Angelo Adler Jingwen Hu Source Type: research

Analysis of drink-driving behavior: Considering the subjective and objective factors of drivers
CONCLUSIONS: A more nuanced understanding of the influence of drivers to drink-driving behavior can be found in these results. These results about the influence mechanism of subjective and objective factors on drink-driving behavior of this study have implications for governments and other interested bodies for better targeting and delivery of public education campaigns and interventions.PMID:33709857 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1873301 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 12, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Jin Jie-Ling Deng Yuan-Chang Source Type: research

An overview of tram tracks related cycling injuries in Ghent, Belgium
Traffic Inj Prev. 2021 Mar 12:1-9. doi: 10.1080/15389588.2021.1888941. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVE: There is a paucity of data on the incidence and severity of tram tracks related cycling injuries. The aim of this study is to get insight into the incidence, severity and characteristics of tram tracks related cycling injuries, potentially defining significant 'hotspots' in the Ghent city area.METHODS: A one-year, multicenter, prospective, observational study was conducted. Patients presenting to the emergency departments of all 4 Ghent hospitals with tram tracks related cycling injury, were included. Data on pat...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 12, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: P Leune E Steen P De Paepe C Lyphout Source Type: research

Field testing the applicability of motorcycle autonomous emergency braking (MAEB) during pre-crash avoidance maneuver
CONCLUSIONS: MAEB interventions with decelerations up to 0.3 g can be easily managed by motorcycle riders not only in straight-line conditions but also during an avoidance maneuver. Further investigations using higher deceleration values are now possible.PMID:33709844 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1884235 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 12, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Cosimo Lucci Niccol ò Baldanzini Giovanni Savino Source Type: research

Injury risk curves in far-side lateral motor vehicle crashes by AIS level, body region and injury code
The objective of this study was to develop injury risk curves as a function of change in vehicle velocity for occupants in far-side lateral motor vehicle crashes (MVCs) by AIS level, body region, and specific AIS codes that commonly occur in this crash mode.METHODS: The National Automotive Sampling System-Crashworthiness Data System (NASS-CDS) years 2000-2015 database was queried, resulting in 4,495 non-weighted far-side crashes. For each case, occupant age, sex, and the following metadata were collected: vehicle model year, vehicle body type, lateral delta-v, normalized PDOF, multiple impacts, belt use, seat position, obj...
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 12, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Zachary S Hostetler Fang-Chi Hsu Ryan Barnard Derek A Jones Matthew L Davis Ashley A Weaver F Scott Gayzik Source Type: research

A visual approach for defining the spatial relationships among crashes, crimes, and alcohol retailers: Applying the color mixing theorem to define the colocation pattern of multiple variables
This study contributes to the literature in three major ways: (1) a new RGB model was established and applied in the field of traffic safety; (2) the variable dimensions were expanded from two to three; and, (3) the dimension of uncertainty was also included. When the new RGB model was utilized with data collected in College Station, Texas, the results indicated that the new colocation map is able to clearly and accurately define colocation hotspots of crashes, crimes, and alcohol retailers. As expected, these hotspots are located in areas with many bars, the largest strip malls and busiest intersections. The intensity map...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - March 12, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Pei-Fen Kuo Dominique Lord Source Type: research

Analysis of drink-driving behavior: Considering the subjective and objective factors of drivers
CONCLUSIONS: A more nuanced understanding of the influence of drivers to drink-driving behavior can be found in these results. These results about the influence mechanism of subjective and objective factors on drink-driving behavior of this study have implications for governments and other interested bodies for better targeting and delivery of public education campaigns and interventions.PMID:33709857 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1873301 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 12, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Jin Jie-Ling Deng Yuan-Chang Source Type: research

Drug use and pattern of injuries sustained by drivers involved in road traffic crashes
CONCLUSIONS: Substance use, especially methadone, has undoubtedly a significant role in both road traffic crashes and resulted injuries. The high rate of injuries on drivers influenced by methadone in traffic crashes needs to be screened and prevented. It is recommended to not only authoritatively deal with the excessive supply of methadone in the community but also restricting the driving of people receiving methadone treatment.PMID:33709853 | DOI:10.1080/15389588.2021.1889528 (Source: Traffic Injury Prevention)
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - March 12, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Parisa Divsalar Mehrnoosh Mohammadi Kouros Divsalar Source Type: research