Exercise as a Prescription for Patients with Various Diseases
Publication date: Available online 18 April 2019Source: Journal of Sport and Health ScienceAuthor(s): Xin Luan, Xiangyang Tian, Haixin Zhang, Rui Huang, Na Li, Peijie Chen, Ru WangAbstractA growing understanding of the benefits of exercise over the past few decades has prompted researchers to take an interest in the possibilities of exercise therapy. Because each sport has its own set of characteristics and physiological complications that tend to appear during exercise training, the effects and underlying mechanisms of exercise remain unclear. Thus, the first step in probing exercise effects on different diseases is the selection of an optimal exercise protocol. This review summarizes the latest exercise prescription treatments for 26 different diseases: musculoskeletal system diseases (low back pain, tendon injury, osteoporosis, osteoarthritis and hip fracture); metabolic system diseases (obesity, type 2 diabetes, type 1 diabetes, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease); cardio-cerebral vascular system diseases (coronary artery disease, stroke and chronic heart failure); nervous system diseases (Parkinson's disease, Huntington's disease, Alzheimer's disease, depression, and anxiety disorders); respiratory system diseases (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, interstitial lung disease and after lung transplantation); urinary system diseases (chronic kidney disease and after kidney transplantation); and cancers (breast cancer, colon cancer, prostate cancer, and lung cancer). Each...
This study investigates the distribution of femoral metastases in cancer patients, specifically addressing the incidence of distal femoral metastases. PET/CT examinations routinely extend only to mid-thigh level, precluding detection of distal metastases. We found a total of 208 femoral metastases in 112 patients. 30% had distal femoral metastases in addition to other areas of involvement. 7% of patients with femoral metastases had only distal femur disease. 6 patients had distal pathologic fractures. Exclusion of the distal femur during PET/CT may result in a missed or delayed diagnosis that could contribute to the develo...
In conclusion, our findings provide d the direct evidences and the crucial role of NPY in cartilage homeostasis.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
In conclusion, implementation of FLS was associated with a reduced risk of recurrent fracture, indicating that FLSs should be included routinely at hospitals treating fracture patients.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
ABSTRACTThe loss of estrogen (E2) initiates a rapid phase of bone loss leading to osteoporosis in one ‐half of postmenopausal women, but the mechanism is not fully understood. Here, we show for the first time how loss of E2 activates low ‐grade inflammation to promote the acute phase of bone catabolic activity in ovariectomized (OVX) mice. E2 regulates the abundance of dendritic cells (DCs) that express IL ‐7 and IL‐15 by inducing the Fas ligand (FasL) and apoptosis of the DC. In the absence of E2, DCs become long ‐lived, leading to increased IL‐7 and IL‐15. We find that IL‐7 and IL‐15 together, but not a...
Authors: Xu H, Dong L, Bin Z, Yansong H, Shaofeng L, Chang L, Chen C, Changli W Abstract Despite the excellent efficacy and low toxicity of photoresponse therapy, which has attracted considerable attention for use in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) therapy, unsatisfactory cellular permeability, and instability, both in vitro and in vivo have limited further clinical applications of indole cyanine photosensitizers. Here, we explore the supramolecular self-assembly of a 'hyalurosome' that is mediated by calcium phosphate nanonuclei. Through hyaluronate-mediated CD44 targeting, the constructed hyalurosome...
To evaluate whether oxycodone use for postoperative pain control after hysterectomy for benign disease differs based on hysterectomy route.
To compare the outcomes of laparoscopic retroperitoneal hysterectomy (LRH) in morbidly obese patients (BMI ≥ 40 k/m2) versus non-obese patients (BMI
The aim of this study is to assess whether the use of MRI as part of preoperative workup in the setting of patients with chronic pelvic pain and presumed diagnosis of endometriosis is predictive of pathology-proven endometriosis.
Despite the increasing morbidity and mortality of the opioid epidemic, the rates of pain medication use among the urogynecology patient population is not known. Our objective was to describe the baseline prevalence of preoperative opioid and neuropathic pain medication use in patients presenting for urogynecologic surgery and to determine whether this rate changed before and after passage of anti-opioid state legislation.
Urinary urgency without incontinence, frequently referred to as “dry overactive bladder” is a poorly understood condition. Our aim was to investigate the relationship of clinical symptoms (urgency and pain) with urinary biomarkers of neuroinflammation in women with urinary urgency without incontinence.
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