Exercise as a Prescription for Patients with Various Diseases

Publication date: Available online 18 April 2019Source: Journal of Sport and Health ScienceAuthor(s): Xin Luan, Xiangyang Tian, Haixin Zhang, Rui Huang, Na Li, Peijie Chen, Ru WangAbstractA growing understanding of the benefits of exercise over the past few decades has prompted researchers to take an interest in the possibilities of exercise therapy. Because each sport has its own set of characteristics and physiological complications that tend to appear during exercise training, the effects and underlying mechanisms of exercise remain unclear. Thus, the first step in probing exercise effects on different diseases is the selection of an optimal exercise protocol. This review summarizes the latest exercise prescription treatments for 26 different diseases: musculoskeletal system diseases (low back pain, tendon injury, osteoporosis, osteoarthritis and hip fracture); metabolic system diseases (obesity, type 2 diabetes, type 1 diabetes, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease); cardio-cerebral vascular system diseases (coronary artery disease, stroke and chronic heart failure); nervous system diseases (Parkinson's disease, Huntington's disease, Alzheimer's disease, depression, and anxiety disorders); respiratory system diseases (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, interstitial lung disease and after lung transplantation); urinary system diseases (chronic kidney disease and after kidney transplantation); and cancers (breast cancer, colon cancer, prostate cancer, and lung cancer). Each...
Source: Journal of Sport and Health Science - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

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