Early Trauma and Cognitive Functions of Patients With Schizophrenia

Conclusion: Although a cause–effect relationship cannot be firmly stated, an association between early trauma experience and cognitive impairment such as visual memory, as well as a relationship between negative symptoms and attention domains, is suggested by our preliminary findings. Future studies with larger sample sizes and prospective design will clarify the long-term effects of early exposure to trauma and its clinical meaning in terms of developing psychotic-related illness.IntroductionMore than 75% of patients with schizophrenia show some level of cognitive impairment, leading to poor functional status and impairments in social interaction. Therefore, when there is an improvement in cognition and executive function, there is also an improvement in quality of life, social interactions, and treatment outcomes (1).Thus, cognitive performance in patients with schizophrenia may be related to the illness itself and to endophenotypes, with cognitive profiles indicating traits, which can be developed later on the course of the illness (2). This hypothesis has been supported by studies showing an overlap between cognitive deficits between SZ patients and their relatives. Patients with schizophrenia show a lower performance in neuropsychological tests when compared to both healthy controls and siblings. In addition, overlapping cognitive symptoms in patients with schizophrenia and their siblings seem to appear, with the latter exhibiting milder cognitive impairment, inclu...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

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Conclusions: Between 2007 and 2010, endoscopic monitoring of patients within the first year after CD-related surgery was less than adequate based on current standards, but showed improvement. Medication changes were in general agreement with current guideline recommendations. This work was presented as a poster (number P686) by M. Barreiro-de Acosta et al. at ECCO (European Crohn's and Colitis Organisation) '18 in Vienna, Austria, 14-17 February 2018. PMID: 31203691 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Expert Review of Gastroenterology and Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Expert Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol Source Type: research
Conclusion: TIPS is an effective treatment for variceal bleeding and refractory ascites in most cases, but more than half of the patients experience either death, stent dysfunction, recurrence of symptoms, or overt HE within the first year after the procedure. PMID: 31203699 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Scand J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
Conclusions: IBD causes a significant burden to the Finnish healthcare system. This study provides a detailed characterization of the cost landscape of IBD and contributes to optimizing treatment strategies and healthcare resource use in the biosimilar era. PMID: 31203693 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Scand J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
Conclusion: Vascular abnormalities of the liver were commonly observed in thioguanine treated IBD patients, although these were not progressive and remained of limited clinical relevance over time. PMID: 31203688 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Scand J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
Authors: Kelkay B, Omer A, Teferi Y, Moges Y Abstract Background: Preterm birth is the leading cause of neonatal mortality and significant health consequences to the newborn, families, and communities and tens of emotional and economic costs. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the magnitude of singleton preterm birth and associated factors in Shire Suhul General Hospital, Northern Ethiopia. Methods: Institutional based cross-sectional study was conducted among systematically selected 325 postnatal mothers in Shire Suhul General Hospital, Northern Ethiopia, from January to March 2018. The data were c...
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research
Currently, the wood grade used for Chinese zither panels is mainly manually determined. This method discriminates slowly and is subject to subjective influences, which cannot meet the requirements of mass production in the musical instrument market. This paper proposes a method by combining a ...
Source: Applied Optics - Category: Physics Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusions: Patients with low income, family caregiver, and no insurance have a poorer prognosis after ischemic stroke that can be partly explained by intermediate variable in the patients' demographic characteristics, cardiovascular disease, behavior lifestyle, and stroke severity. Abbreviations: DALYs: disability-adjusted life years; SES: socioeconomic status; FMC: free medical care; MIUR: medical insurance for urban residents; MIUE: medical insurance for urban employees; NCMS: new rural cooperative medical scheme ; NIHSS: National Institute of Health Stroke Scale ; mRS: modified Rankin scale; OR: odds ratios; CI: confi...
Source: Neurological Research - Category: Neurology Tags: Neurol Res Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 June 2019Source: Advances in Space ResearchAuthor(s): Leonardo Marini-Pereira, Kelias de Oliveira, Lucas A. Salles, Alison de O. Moraes, Eurico R. de Paula, Marcio Tadeu de Assis Honorato Muella, Waldecir J. PerrellaAbstractThe ionosphere in low-latitude regions has intense dynamics with great variability – not only spatially but also temporally. The most critical effect found in the low-latitude region is the scintillation in phase and amplitude due to plasma bubble occurrence in the ionospheric layer. To augmentation systems like GBAS or SBAS, designed to provide Category-I (CA...
Source: Advances in Space Research - Category: Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 June 2019Source: Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Claudia Trudel-Fitzgerald, Peter James, Eric S. Kim, Emily S. Zevon, Francine Grodstein, Laura D. KubzanskyAbstractGreater levels of psychological well-being are associated with reduced disease and mortality risk, and lifestyle habits may be potential mechanisms underlying these relationships. Prospective studies show that positive psychological factors enhance the likelihood of adopting specific health behaviors; yet, whether they promote the adoption of multiple healthy behaviors, which can have a multiplicative effect on disease and mor...
Source: Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
ConclusionGISTs are most frequently small and arising from the stomach. GISTs are rarely present as a large tumor of the jejunum, and particularly mimicked a pancreatic tumor.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
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